How To Size ANY Solar Photovoltaic System by Jeremiah Maponde by Jeremiah Maponde - Read Online

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How To Size ANY Solar Photovoltaic System - Jeremiah Maponde

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Sizing is the first step in solar PV system design. It is the most important part of PV system design and founded on it, everything is worked upon. Over the years, many systems have failed, not because of incorrect installation, or equipment failure. It was because the owner thought that he would get more power than the system could deliver. In recent studies, it has been seen that 10-25% of new PV solar installations have huge installation and sizing problems that will result in significantly decreased system performance. These performance shortfalls can be eliminated, in many cases, by proper system design and sizing. Under sizing, your system means that you will not generate enough power and you will still need to cough up money to pay the grid power company if you are grid-tied. If however, you oversize the system and generate excess power, this power will go to waste if you do not have a net-metering agreement with the grid company.

This book is for those who really want to grasp the concepts behind the calculations used for PV system sizing. Unlike the solar calculators found all over the internet, this publication goes deeper into the basics behind those calculations. A lot has been written about the different solar systems and their sizing but these have been bits and pieces of information. There are a lot of websites with system sizing software but they do not have a comprehensive description of the background information behind these calculations. The information is scattered all over. This publication will explain different solar systems scenarios and their sizing under one cover. Yes, it’s nice and easy to eat sushi, but don’t you thing that you will be more empowered to learn how to make the sushi so that in the unlikely event that you find your local sushi shop closed you can simply buy your incredience and prepare your own sushi? As the saying goes, don’t give them fish but teach them how to catch fish. That is exactly what will to do in this book.

Solar energy has been there since God created planet earth. Mankind began the journey to harness this form of renewable energy in the eighteenth century when the photovoltaic effect was discovered in 1839, by Edmund Becquerel, a French physicist. Initial research was dedicated to develop real world applications, whereas later they focussed on improving the quality, reliability, and safety of the technology. Research and development, even today, consumes a significant part of the revenues in the PV industry. The development of the solar cell has resulted in different solar products now on the market today. For more than 50 years now, solar modules have been in existence and mass production began in late 70s. Prices of the modules have been falling ever since and modules are now available is a wide range of sizes from several good companies. You can expect a solar module to last more than 30 years and power warranties of up to 25 years are typical owing to the PV reliability. PV panel manufacturers generally guarantee 90% of initial performance after 10 years and 80% after 25 years.

Different solar systems now exist and they can be used in the following areas: communications, refrigeration for health care, crop irrigation, animal husbandry ,water purification, lighting, cathodic protection, environmental monitoring, marine and air navigation, utility power, and other residential and commercial applications. Deciding to have a solar powered system is easy, but it involves a lot of processes and costs, and one of the most crucial processes in the solar system design is system sizing. You can build an impressive system but without the correct sizing, you are heading one way – disaster. System sizing is very crucial in any solar system design. A solar PV system has different components which play a part in the production of the end product – power. The components are; solar panels (modules), charge controllers, batteries, power inverters (optional) and wiring. These components will be discussed in detail in the following section. Each component plays a vital part in the overall functioning of the solar PV system and it needs to be sized correctly for the system. Table 1.1 lists some of the