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Masnawi Sacred Texts of Islam: Book One

Masnawi Sacred Texts of Islam: Book One

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Masnawi Sacred Texts of Islam: Book One

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4.5/5 (14 avaliações)
Comprimento:
126 página
1 hora
Lançado em:
Jan 10, 2014
ISBN:
9781311546050
Formato:
Livro

Descrição

The "Masnawi" is Rumi's greatest poetic work, composed during the last years of his life. He began it when he was between the ages of 54-57 [about 1258-1261] and continued composing its verses until he died in 1273 (with the last story remaining incomplete). It is a compendium of sufi stories, ethical teachings, and mystical teachings. It is deeply permeated with Qur'anic meanings and references. Rumi himself called the Masnavi "the roots of the roots of the roots of the (Islamic) Religion... and the explainer of the Qur'an (Masnavi, Book I, Preface).
The story of how the beginning of the composition of the Masnavi has been told in the hagiography written by Aflaki (written between 1318-53), a disciple of Rumi's grandson:
"Sirâjuddîn, the Mathnawi-reciter [masnavi-khwân] at the Tomb (of Rumi) told the story that the reason for the composition of the book of the Masnavî-yé Ma`nawî, which is the Revealer of the secrets of the Qur'an was: One day Hazrat-i... Husâmuddîn [Chelebi-- Rumi's closest disciple], may God sanctify his precious secret, found out that some of the friends, in complete relish and great love, were making serious efforts to study the 'Book of the Divine' [Ilâhî-Nâma] of (the sufi poet) Hakîm (Sanâ'î) and the 'Speech of the Birds' [ManTiqu 'T-Tayr] and the 'Book of Misfortune' [MuSîbat-Nâma] of (the sufi poet) Farîduddîn `Attâr, and (who) were delighted by (studying) their (mystical) secrets and (accounts of) the unusual spiritual amorousness (of the lovers of God) displayed by them.
The Masnavi is divided into six books, and Rumi wrote prefaces for each book. The earliest complete manuscript (the "Konya manuscript") was completed in December, 1278 (five years after Rumi's death).
•Books 1 and 2: They “are principally concerned with the nafs, the lower carnal self, and its self-deception and evil tendencies.”
•Books 3 and 4: These books share the principal themes of Reason and Knowledge. These two themes are personified by Rumi in the Biblical and Quranic figure of the Prophet Moses.
•Books 5 and 6: These last two books are joined by the universal ideal that man must deny his physical earthly existence to understand God’s existence.
In addition to the reoccurring themes presented in each book, Rumi includes multiple points of view or voices that continually invite his readers to fall into “imaginative enchantment.” There are seven principal voices that Rumi uses in his writing:
1.The Authorial Voice – Each passage reflects the authority of the majestic Sufi teacher narrating the story. This voice generally appears when it addresses You, God, and you, of all humankind.
2.The Story-telling Voice – The primary story is occasionally interrupted by side stories that help clarify a point being made in the original statement. Rumi sometimes takes hundreds of lines to make a point because he is constantly interrupting himself.
3.The Analogical Voice – This voice interrupts the flow of the narration because it entertains an analogy which is used to explain a statement made in the previous verse. Rumi’s Masnavi is filled with analogies.
4.The Voice of Speech and Dialogue of Characters – Rumi conveys many of his stories through dialogue and speeches presented by his characters.
5.The Moral Reflection – Rumi supports his voice of morality by including quotations from the Quran and various hadith stories of events in the life of the Prophet Mohammed.
6.The Spiritual Discourse – The Spiritual Discourse resembles the Analogical Voice where Rumi always includes a moral reflection on the wisdom revealed.
7.Hiatus – Rumi occasionally questions the wisdom conveyed though the verses. “Sometimes Rumi says that he cannot say more because of the reader’s incapacity to understand.”

Lançado em:
Jan 10, 2014
ISBN:
9781311546050
Formato:
Livro

Sobre o autor

Mevlana, bugünkü Afganistan sınırları içerisinde yer alan, horasan bölgesindeki Belh şehrinde 1207 yılında dünyaya gelmiştir. Asıl adı Muhammed Celaleddin’dir. “Mevlaya ait olan” anlamına gelen Mevlana ismi, kendisine genç yaşta ders okutmaya başladığı sıralarda verilmiştir. Anadolulu anlamına gelen Rumi ismi ise kendisine batılılarca verilmiş bir lakaptır. Mevlana, gelmiş geçmiş en büyük tasavvufçulardandır. Tasavvuf bir insan sanatıdır ve Mevlana da ömrünün çoğu döneminde insanlara hizmet için çalışmış, halk tarafından sevilen ve sayılan ayrıca bir tasavvuf şairidir. Mevlana henüz 9 yaşındayken çok büyük zorluklar içinde babası Bahâeddin Veled ve annesi Mümine Hatun ile birlikte Konya’ya göç etmişlerdir. 1225 yılında Şerefeddin Lala’nın kızı olan Gevher Hatun ile Karamanda evlenmiştir. Mevlana’nın Allah aşkını konu alan şiirleri ve sözleri günümüzde hala önemini yitirmemiştir. Çoğu ders kitaplarında, bazı romanlarda konu olan Mevlana, unutulmayacak bir geçmişe sahiptir. Zira kendisi Allah yolunda kalbini eritmiş, nefsini öldürmüş büyük bir tasavvufçudur.


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Melhores citações

  • Rumi believed passionately in the use of music, poetry and dance as a path for reaching God. For Rumi, music helped devotees to focus their whole being on the divine and to do this so intensely that the soul was both destroyed and resurrected.

  • Explanation by the tongue makes most things clear,But love unexplained is clearer.When pen hasted to write,On reaching the subject of love it split in twain.When the discourse touched on the matter of love,Pen was broken and paper torn.

  • Why should I seek? I am the same as He. His essence speaks through me. I have been looking for myself!

  • Love and tenderness are qualities of humanity,Passion and lust are qualities of animality.Woman is a ray of God, not a mere mistress,The Creator's self, as it were, not a mere creature!

  • Shadows, indeed, may indicate the sun's presence,But only the sun displays the light of life.

Amostra do Livro

Masnawi Sacred Texts of Islam - Mevlana Rumi

Masnawi Sacred Texts of Islam

{BOOK ONE & ILLUSTRATED}

By

Mevlana Rumi

SMASHWORDS EDITION

* * * * *

PUBLISHED BY

Mevlana Rumi by e-Kitap Projesi

Copyright, 2014 by M. Rumi

ISBN: 978-1-3115-4605-0

Istanbul, 2014

* * * * *

This e-book is licensed for your personal enjoyment only. This e-book may not be re-sold or given away to other people. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each person you share it with. If you're reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then you should return to Smashwords.com and purchase your own copy. Thank you for respecting the author's work.

Bu Kitap, e-Kitap Projesi ® tarafından düzenlenmiş ve editorial çalışması yapılmıştır.

{This book designed and edited: by e-Kitap Projesi}

http://www.ekitaprojesi.com

Preface (About the Masnawi Book of Mawlana)

The "Masnawi" is Rumi's greatest poetic work, composed during the last years of his life. He began it when he was between the ages of 54-57 [about 1258-1261]¹ and continued composing its verses until he died in 1273 (with the last story remaining incomplete). It is a compendium of sufi stories, ethical teachings, and mystical teachings. It is deeply permeated with Qur'anic meanings and references. Rumi himself called the Masnavi "the roots of the roots of the roots of the (Islamic) Religion... and the explainer of the Qur'an [wa huwa uSûlu uSûlu uSûlu 'd-dîn... was kashshâf al- Qur'ân] (Masnavi, Book I, Preface).

Its full name is name is Mathnawî-yé Ma`nawî, which means Rhyming Couplets of Deep Spiritual Meaning. The name Mathnawî (pronounced Masnavî in Persian) means couplets in Arabic [because the second half of the verse (in Arabic, thanî) rhymes with the first]. It is the name of a type of poetry (called mathnawî). The second word, Ma`nawî, means significant, real, meaningful, spiritual in Arabic. The following is an example of the particular mathnawi meter used by Rumi (there are other mathnawi meters used by other Persian sufi poets): XoXX XoXX XoX. The rhymes in the first three couplets of Rumi's Masnavi are â-yat mê-ko-nad, -îda-and, -âq":

"BESH-na-WEEN NAY CHOON shi-KAA-YAT MEE-ko-NAD

AZ jo-DAA-EEY-HAA hi-KAA-YAT MEE-ko-NAD

KAZ na-YES-TAAN TAA ma-RAA BOB-REE-da-AND

DAR na-FEE-RAM MAR-do ZAN NAA-LEE-da-AND

SEE-na KHWAA-HAM SHAR-ha SHAR-HA AZ fi-RAAQ

TAA be-GOO-YAM SHAR-he DAR-DE ISH-ti-YAAQ"

Translation:

"Lısten to the reed (flute), how ıt ıs complaınıng! It ıs tellıng about separatıons,

(Sayıng), 'Ever sınce I was severed from the reed fıeld, men and women have lamented ın (the presence of) my shrıll crıes.

(But) I want a heart (whıch ıs) torn, torn from separatıon, so that I may explaın the pain of yearnıng..'"

The Beginning Story of Masnawi

The story of how the beginning of the composition of the Masnavi has been told in the hagiography written by Aflaki (written between 1318-53), a disciple of Rumi's grandson:

Sirâjuddîn, the Mathnawi-reciter [masnavi-khwân] at the Tomb (of Rumi) told the story that the reason for the composition of the book of the Masnavî-yé Ma`nawî, which is the Revealer of the secrets of the Qur'an was: One day Hazrat-i... Husâmuddîn [Chelebi-- Rumi's closest disciple], may God sanctify his precious secret, found out that some of the friends, in complete relish and great love, were making serious efforts to study the 'Book of the Divine' [Ilâhî-Nâma] of (the sufi poet) Hakîm (Sanâ'î) and the 'Speech of the Birds' [ManTiqu 'T-Tayr] and the 'Book of Misfortune' [MuSîbat-Nâma] of (the sufi poet) Farîduddîn `ATTâr, and (who) were delighted by (studying) their (mystical) secrets and (accounts of) the unusual spiritual amorousness (of the lovers of God) displayed by them. ..... One night, he found Hazrat-i Mawlana [= Rumi] alone. He bowed and said, 'The collections of odes [ghazalîyât] have become plentiful.... (But) if there could be a book with the quality of the 'Book of the Divine' of Hakîm (Sanâ'î), yet in the (mathnawî) meter of the 'Speech of the Birds,' so that it might be memorized among the knowers and be the intimate companion of the souls of the lovers... so that they would occupy themselves with nothing else...' At that moment, from the top of his blessed turban, he [Rumi] put into Chelebî Husâmuddîn's hand a portion (of verses), which was the Explainer of the secrets of Universals and particulars. And in there were the eighteen verses of the beginning of the Masnavi: 'Listen to this reed, how it tells a tale, complaining of separations' up to. 'None (who is) 'raw' can understand the state of the 'ripe.' Therefore, (this) speech must be shortened. So farewell.'

The Masnavi is divided into six books, and Rumi wrote prefaces for each book. The earliest complete manuscript (the Konya manuscript) was completed in December, 1278 (five years after Rumi's death). In a recent printed edition of this manuscript (by Dr. Tôfîq Sobhânî), the total number of lines is 25,575 (Book I, 4019 lines; II, 3721; III,4811; IV, 3855; V, 4240; VI, 4929) R. A. Nicholson was the first to translate the entire Masnavi into English (1926-34). Unfortunately, he did not have access to this earliest manuscript until he had translated through Book III, line 2835. From line 2836, onwards, however, his printed edition is based on the Konya manuscript. As a result,the first two and a half books of his translation are based on less earlier manuscripts which contain numerous improvements. (In Nicholson's printed edition, the total number of lines is 25,632 (Book I, 4003 lines; II, 3810; III, 4810; IV, 3855; V, 4238; VI, 4916.)

Over the centuries, many such improvements have been added to the Masnavi, with the result that many lovers of the Masnavi in Iran, India, and Pakistan have editions which contain more than two thousand extra verses (including many well-loved verses which were not composed by Rumi). A recent book by Professor Franklin Lewis (which is an impressively thorough review of all aspects of Rumi's life, teachings, and influence throughout history) contains relevant information about the Masnavi: manuscripts, commentaries, sources of stories, translations, versions, historical influences -- and even listings of available compact disc recordings of verses recited in Persian.

Studies of the Masnavi

There are a number of scholarly works written about themes and teachings in the Masnavi, such as written by: Khalifa `Abdul Hakim (The Metaphysics of Rumi, 1933, published in Lahore, Pakistan); William C. Chittick (The Sufi Doctrine of Rumi: An Introduction, 1974, published in Tehran, Iran); K. Khosla (The Sufism of Rumi, 1987), a Theosophist, originally from India; John Renard (All the King's Falcons: Rumi on Prophets and Revelation, 1994), a revision of a doctoral dissertation (1978) done under the direction of Professor Annemarie Schimmel. Other books contain very informative chapters about Rumi's teachings in the Masnavi, such as by

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  • (5/5)
    Great person, I read his books in my language. A real holy person, Five stars
    God bless him.