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Teach Yourself Computer Fundamentals.

Teach Yourself Computer Fundamentals.

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Teach Yourself Computer Fundamentals.

3.5/5 (2 avaliações)
174 página
1 hora
Lançado em:
Mar 1, 2019


This book, Teach Yourself Computer Fundamentals is a book written to eradicate computer illiteracy in our present generation.
It advances a starter by teaching him computer fundamentals and other procedures that will help him in solving computing problems. It is written in simple diction of everyday language that will enable its readers to approach common problems in computer activities.
Ordinary Level (O’ Level), Ordinary National Diploma (OND), Higher National Diploma (HND), Bachelor of Science (BSc), Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Education (BE), Master of Arts (MA), Master of Science (MSc), Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) certificates and other ones you can think of, are all incomplete without the knowledge of computer.
In our present employment world, a PhD holder can be denied a job for not acquiring the knowledge of computer. Every organization wants computer literates. Show me an organization with few or no computers and I will show you an organization with little or no vision.
So my desire to see more computer literates in this generation is what gave rise to the birth of this book. Your computer has to stop being a load and start being of help in a great way.
This book has a three-section-divided workbook (ISBN-13: 978-9785457452) where readers answer questions according to what they learnt from it.
Section A - Objectives.
Section B - Theory.
Section C - Practical.

Study it to improve your level of literacy in computer.
Remember that it is better to prepare for an opportunity not met than meeting an opportunity not prepared for. Now is the time to prepare.

Lançado em:
Mar 1, 2019

Sobre o autor

U. C-Abel Books is a registered publishing house known for the publication of three major series: -Shortcut Matters: This is a place you can find keyboard shortcuts you want including the ones that nobody bothers to tell you about plus tips that accompany them. Get keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Office, Internet Browsers, Email Client, Accounting programs, presentation and graphic design. -Limits Breaking Quotes: Here we provide quotes that will motivate you to break barriers on the way to your destined position. -For Painless Publishing: In this series, Self-publishers/Indies get writing, formatting, designing, publishing and marketing How To books that will help them excel in their publishing business. We present books that are worthy to you so as to maintain good customer relationship even as we make our little profits.

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Teach Yourself Computer Fundamentals. - U. C-Abel Books




1.1 Definition of Computer Practical.

This is the act of knowing computer by operation rather than reading mare theoretical aspect of it. The fact that it is practical makes it more real and amazing than theory.

The difference between theoretical computer and practical computer is like the difference between a Government student and Biology student, or some Computer Science students and a Computer Practical students, or operator. A computer operator may know how to carry out a task using a computer, but may not know what it is called, however, a computer science student will know the topics in computing and will explain them very well orally without knowing how to do them practically on a computer, this is rampart in the school system of underdeveloped countries. So computer theory needs computer practical just the way computer theory needs it. The two cannot work effectively if separated.

1.2. Merits of Computer Practical. 

Career Assistance – Your computer can go a long way to serve as an assistant in your area of specialization, working with you in obedience and sincerity. Whatever your career is, computer has got a way to make work faster and easier for you.

Appreciate the Presence of Your Computer: Knowing how to operate your computer will make you not to see it as an ordinary object, but as an effective tool, and a companion.

Save Money: The knowledge of computer and its operation makes one to save, it is seen in a situation where one handles works that could have been given to people outside, and would have also caused the computer to be left behind like a useless thing.

Reduction of Boredom: A good computer operator will hardly be found bored when there is a computer with him or her. My reason is that there are a lot of things one can learn and do with a computer when he really knows how to operate it. He can have fun using his computer whether connected or not.

Online - You can chat with friends, family members, colleagues and others on Facebook, WhatsApp, Google Plus, Twitter, etc. Watch videos on YouTube.

Offline - In an unlimited manner, you can play music, watch movies, play games with downloaded apps and use chat-enabled apps such as: Talking Angela, Tom, etc. to chat without data connection. You will also have the opportunity to play educational tapes.

Being an operator is far from being a typist. A computer operator is more seasoned than a typist.

Transactions Made Easy:  Unlike before, now, you can do a transaction using your bank application, no wastage of time or stress involved. There are multiple opportunities for you to work and earn money online.

Earn More Income: The truth about computer literacy is that it generates high earning potentials due to several job opportunities it creates. Do a sincere business online and earn your money without stories. Do a research for online jobs today, so you can live a better life. Most online Jobs makes one to earn money even while sleeping.

Having read all the things said above concerning computer practical, I believe you make out time to finish this book for good. An old adage states It is better to prepare for an opportunity not met that meeting an opportunity not prepared for so, it is better you become a computer literate today and readily wait for its benefits tomorrow than saying had I known when its benefits show up at your unprepared state.

In our modern employment world, a PhD holder can be dismissed on an interview ground for not being a computer literate. Computer literacy is indeed the wisest choice to make in our present generation.



Sketch of a computer.

2.1. Definition of Computer

Computer is an electronic machine (device) which receives data (raw facts), stores data and processes them into useful form known as information.

It can also be considered as a robot that depends on human commands for effective functioning.

2.2. A Brief History of Computer.

"The computer as we know it today had its beginning with a 19th century English mathematics professor by name, Charles Babbage.

He designed the Analytical Engine and it was this design that the basic framework of the computers of today are based on. Generally speaking, computers can be classified into three generations. Each generation lasted for a certain period of time, and each gave us either a new and improved computer or an improvement to the existing computer.

First Generation Computer (1937 – 1946):

In 1937 the first electronic digital computer was built by Dr. John V. Atanasoff and Clifford Berry. It was called the Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC).

In 1943 an electronic computer named the Colossus was built for the military. Other developments continued until in 1946 when the first general–purpose digital computer, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) was built. It is said that this computer weighed 30 tons, and had 18,000 vacuum tubes which were used for processing. When this computer was turned on for the first time lights dim in sections of Philadelphia. Computers of this generation could only perform single task, and they had no operating system. 

Second Generation Computer: (1947 – 1962)

This generation of computers used transistors instead of vacuum tubes, which were more reliable. In 1951 the first computer for commercial use was introduced to the public, the Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC 1).

In 1953 the International Business Machine (IBM) 650 and 700 series computers made their mark in the computer world. During this generation of computers over 100 computer programming languages were developed. Computers had memory and operating systems. Storage media such as tape and disk were in use and printers for output were also used.

Third Generation Computer: (1963 – present)

The invention of Integrated Circuit brought us the third generation of computers. With this invention, computers became smaller, more powerful and more reliable. They are able to run many different programs at the same time. In1980 Microsoft Disk Operating System (MS-Dos) was born and in 1981 IBM introduced the Personal Computer (PC) for home and office use. Three years later Apple gave us the Macintosh Computer with its icon-driven interface and the 90s gave us Windows Operating System.

As a result of the various improvements to the development of the computer we have seen the computer being used in all areas of life. It is a very useful tool that will continue to experience new development as time passed".

-This was by Beverley Steitz.

2.3. The Historical Development of Computers

"Early Aids to Counting:


Prior to the discovery of alternative means for counting, fingers, toes, and stones were used in counting, and in the performance of simple arithmetic calculations like addition of numbers, subtractions, etc. This simple way of counting was difficult to use for large counts because stones were very awkward. The methods were used until the invention of the Abacus Device.


The Abacus device was invented to replace the traditional method (fingers/stones) of counting. The abacus device is an instrument used for counting as far back as 500 B.C. with the objective of making calculations easier, and to suit the various number systems.

Among the countries that used the Abacus were Russia, Japan, China, Greece and Rome.

There existed different types of abacus device, thus there were the Chinese abacus, Aztec abacus, Russian abacus and Japanese Soroban Device. Around the year 1200 the Chinese used this method to count.

The Aztec, a tribe of Central American Indians, used rods stuck into a block of wood, on to which beads were threaded. Other countries like Russia, Japan and China used the beads which were threaded on wires held in a wooden frame.

Napier's Bones.

The next significant development after the abacus came in 1617 when John Napier, a Scottish mathematician invented the Napier Bones. These were simply rods on which numbers were marketed. These numbers enable the user to easily work out the answers to a restricted set of the multiplication tables.

The numbers to be multiplied are positioned on the top row and the left column. Answer is obtained at the interoperation of these two. This method, pioneered by Napier, is still used as a curiosity in Mathematics lessons at some local schools.

Though Napier invented these bones, it was perhaps Logarithms that made him famous. Tables of Logarithms were developed which enabled multiplication and division to be carried out very simply by addition and subtraction.

The invention of both logarithms and Napier's bones led to the invention of a device termed Slide Rule by William Oughtred. This device makes use of a cursor, which is moved up and down various scales to perform multiplication and division using

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