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New York, USA: Travel Guide and History

New York, USA: Travel Guide and History

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New York, USA: Travel Guide and History

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Mar 6, 2020


New York, USA. Travel Guide and History. Your heart beats a little faster in New York City. Whether it’s a first visit or you’ve been here a hundred times, it’s always exciting. From Broadway theaters to the Bronx Zoo, this city packs more to see and do into one compact area than any other place on earth. All five boroughs feature must-see attractions, amazing restaurants, and cultural hotspots. Find unforgettable experiences, from high tea at the Plaza Hotel to high-flying at the Trapeze School New York. With stunning architecture and lush parks, New York is one of the world’s most beautiful cities. Take a double-decker bus tour, stroll the Brooklyn Bridge, or see the spectacular skyline with a free ride on the Staten Island Ferry. Catch sky-high views from a rooftop bar, the Empire State Building or One World Observatory, the Western Hemisphere’s tallest building. Urban Wanderers. With its compact size and streets packed with eye candy of all sorts architectural glories, Old World cafes, atmospheric booksellers NYC is a wanderer’s delight. Crossing continents is as easy as walking a few avenues in this jumbled city of 200-plus nationalities. You can lose yourself in the crowds of Chinatown amid bright Buddhist temples and steaming noodle shops, then stroll up to Nolita for enticing boutiques and coffee tasting. Every neighborhood offers a dramatically different version of the city, from the 100-year-old Jewish delis of the Upper West Side to the meandering cobblestone lanes of Greenwich Village. And the best way to experience it is to walk its streets. The Night Is Young: When the sun sinks slowly beyond the Hudson and luminous skyscrapers light up the night, New York transforms into one grand stage. Well-known actors take to the legendary theaters of Broadway and world-class soloists, dancers and musicians perform at venues large and small across town. Whether high culture or low, New York embraces it all: in-your-face rock shows at Williamsburg dives, lavish opera productions at the Lincoln Center, and everything in between. This is a city of experimental theater, improv comedy, indie cinema, ballet, poetry, burlesque, jazz and so much more. If you can dream it up, it’s probably happening. Culinary Capital. There’s never been a better time to dine in New York. It's a hotbed of seasonal and locally sourced cuisine with restaurants growing vegetables on roof gardens or upstate farms, sourcing meats and seafood from nearby sustainable outfits, and embracing artisanal everything, from coffee roasting and whiskey distilling to chocolate and cheese making. Bars have also taken creativity to new heights, with pre-Prohibition-era cocktails served alongside delectable small plates indeed, gastropubs are some of the most creative places to eat these days. Of course, you can also hit a gourmet food truck or dine at one of the city's 75 Michelin-starred restaurants.

Lançado em:
Mar 6, 2020

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Table of Contents

New York, USA







Population composition

Settlement patterns

Demographic trends



Manufacturing, services, and taxation


Government and Society

Constitutional framework

Political process

Health and welfare


Cultural Life

Cultural institutions

Sports and recreation

Press and broadcasting


First peoples

Colonial period

Revolution, statehood, and growth

Emergence of political divisions

Strengthening and rebuilding

Travel and Tourism

Guide to New York

Family Trip with k+Kids

Cuisine and Restaurants

Tradition and Lifestyle

Cultural and Sight to visit

Attractions and Nightlife

Tips for Tourists

Unusual Weekend


Extraordinary hotels

Stylish design Hotels

Luxury Accommodation

Hotels with History

Legendary Hotels

Romantic Hotels


Things to See in New York City

9/11 Memorial and Museum

A Slice of Brooklyn Bus Tours

Abyssinian Baptist Church

African Burial Ground

Alexander and Bonin

American Museum of Natural History

Battery Park

Belvedere Castle and the Delacorte Theater

Bronx Zoo

Brooklyn Botanic Garden

Brooklyn Bridge

Brooklyn Bridge Park

Brooklyn Children’s Museum

Brooklyn Heights Historic District

Brooklyn Museum

Brooklyn Tabernacle

Bryant Park

Cathedral of St. John the Divine

Central Park

Central Park Zoo/Tisch Children’s Zoo

Chelsea Piers

Chrysler Building

Citi Field

City Island

Coney Island

Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum

Ellis Island

Empire State Building

Federal Reserve Bank

Flatiron Building

Franklin D. Roosevelt Four Freedoms Park

Governors Island

Gracie Mansion

Grand Central Station

Green-Wood Cemetery

Gulliver’s Gate

Hamilton Grange National Memorial

Art Galleries in New York City

Architectural Highlights in New York City

Especially for Kids in New York City

Parks in New York City

High Line Park

Hudson River Park Carousel & Skatepark

Industry City

Intrepid Sea, Air, and Space Museum

Isamu Noguchi Garden Museum

Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts

Louis Armstrong House Museum

Madison Square Garden

Merchant’s House Museum

Met Breuer

Metropolitan Museum of Art


Museum of Chinese in America

Museum of Jewish Heritage A Living Memorial to the Holocaust

Museum of Modern Art

Tompkins Square Park

Town Hall

Trinity Church

U.S. Customs House

United Nations

Woolworth Building

Yankee Stadium

Top Sightseeing

Best things to Doin New York

Best Museums in New York City

Best Nightlife in New York City

Best Offbeat Travel Experiences in New York City

Dining Bets in New York City

Best Shopping in New York City

Best Architectural Landmarks in New York City

Best Walks in New York City

Best Free Things to Do in New York City

Best Neighborhoods in New York City

Best Family Experiences in New York City

Best Seasonal Experiences in New York City

Best Parks and Gardens in New York City

Central Park

Prospect Park

High Line Park

Best Experiences in the Boroughs in New York City

Best Restaurants in New York City

456 Shanghai

5 Napkin Burger

701 West


Amy Ruth’s





Brooklyn Crab

Café Sabarsky

Most Overrated Experiences in New York City

In Depth in New York City

New York, USA

Travel Guide and History


Ezra Hunt.


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Copyright © 2019 Sonittec Publishing

All Rights Reserved

First Printed: 2019.



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The Importance of Traveling

I believe that there are many important aspects with traveling. I know that not everyone has this opportunity, but if you do, embrace it. Traveling can develop a person’s character, being open minded. You aren’t enclosed in your bubble; you get outside of your comfort zone. Traveling is something you can’t learn in a classroom

As a traveler, you discover new beautiful, interesting places that make you want to come back and you experience different cultures that you weren’t aware of. The Thai locals have a reputation for providing superb hospitality. When I visited Chiang Mai, they bowed to me and to the other travelers, greeting with a warm welcome Sawadee Ka. Even in Turkey, I visited one of the leather shops in the Grand Bazaar with my parents. While my mother was trying on a few leather jackets, the Turks tried to make us feel comfortable, seating us and served us apple tea.

We never know what we have until we lose it. Maybe in a way, traveling can be perceived as the golden opportunity to escape from reality, from our busy daily lives. At the start of a vacation, all my worries and problems begin to disappear. But then, after time is spent away from my comfy bed, home-cooked food and friends, you realize how much you miss all that regularity, and realize the importance of the littlest things.

Traveling has always been a part of me, and I’m determined to keep on traveling for the rest of my life, as there is so much more to see. I’m also determined to encourage traveling, especially to my own generation. Instead of staying home during the entire summer, maybe look into your traveling options. It doesn’t necessarily have to be out of the country, or an expensive trip, even a road trip is a good idea. Travel as much as you can throughout your life, to broaden your horizons. As the trending phrase rose to fame last year, I’ll say that You only live once.


New York, constituent state of the United States of America, one of the 13 original colonies and states. New York is bounded to the west and north by Lake Erie, the Canadian province of Ontario, Lake Ontario, and the Canadian province of Quebec; to the east by the New England states of Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut; to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean and New Jersey; and to the south by Pennsylvania. The capital is Albany.

Until the 1960s New York was the country’s leading state in nearly all population, cultural, and economic indexes. Its displacement by California beginning in the middle of that decade was caused by the enormous growth rate that has persisted on the West Coast rather than by a large decline in New York itself. Texas overtook New York as the second most populous state in 2000. Still, New York remains one of the most populous states in the country, and its gross economic product exceeds those of all but a handful of countries throughout the world.

New York is situated across a region of contrast from the Atlantic shores of Long Island and the skyscrapers of Manhattan through the rivers, mountains, and lakes of upstate New York to the plains of the Great Lakes region. With canals, railroads, and highways, New York is a principal gateway to the west from the Middle Atlantic and New England states and a hub for travel to and from much of the country. The cities of the state from New York City through Albany, Utica, and Syracuse to Rochester and Buffalo on the Great Lakes and their suburbs are home to more than four-fifths of all New Yorkers

Both the New England and the Southern colonies had a great deal more to do with the movement toward revolution and with stabilizing the new country during its early decades than did New York, but, once the state’s growth got under way, it attained a breakneck pace. The state and New York City in particular remains the centre of much of the country’s economy and finance, as well as of many formative impulses in American art and culture, and the influence and image of both are major elements in national political life. However, the overwhelming presence of New York City has tended to divide the state socially and politically, causing long-standing problems for both the city and the state. Area 54,555 square miles (141,297 square km). Population (2010) 19,378,102; (2018 est.) 19,542,209.


Although New York state is inextricably linked with New York City in many people’s minds, the state has a wide range of geographic and climatic conditions. During at least a part of the last Ice Age, most of New York was covered by glaciers; the only exceptions were southern Long Island, Staten Island, and the far southwestern corner of the state.


The movement of the glaciers left New York with nine distinct physiographic regions. Each has its own characteristic landforms, with distinctive geologic structures and patterns of erosion. In the northeast the Adirondack upland is characterized by the highest and most rugged mountains in the state, reaching 5,344 feet (1,629 metres) at Mount Marcy and 5,114 feet (1,559 metres) at Algonquin Peak of Mount McIntyre. With the exception of some forestry activities, the region’s main economic value is for recreation. A large part of it has been designated as a wilderness preserve by the state.

The St. Lawrence Lowlands extend northeastward from Lake Ontario to the ocean along the boundary with Canada. Within this area are three subdivisions: a flat to gently rolling strip of land along the St. Lawrence River; a range of hills south and east of the plain; and, farther south and east, a long, narrow plain dotted with lakes

The Hudson-Mohawk Lowland follows the Hudson River north from New York City to Albany and then turns west along the Mohawk River. The Hudson valley, between the Catskill Mountains on the west and the Taconic Range on the east, is from 10 to 20 miles (15 to 30 km) wide; the Mohawk valley reaches widths of 30 miles (50 km). Those routes provided access from New York City and New England into the hinterland of New York. Cutting pathways through the mountains of central and western New York, these rivers became the state’s avenues of commerce, serving first as the basis of the Erie Canal and later as the route of the New York Central Railroad and of the Governor Thomas E. Dewey (New York State) Thruway.

To the east of the Hudson River lies the New England Upland, extending eastward into Massachusetts and Connecticut and southward across the lower Hudson valley into Pennsylvania.

Two small regions complete the geographic picture in southeastern New York. The Atlantic Coastal Plain, which extends from Massachusetts to Florida, takes in Long Island and Staten Island. A small finger of the eastern Piedmont region juts up from New Jersey for some distance along the west bank of the Hudson.

The Appalachian Highlands, the largest region in New York, comprises about one-half of the state, extending westward from the Hudson valley to the state’s southern and western boundaries. The Catskill Mountains (the peaks of which reach some 2,000 to 4,000 feet [600 to 1,200 metres]), the Finger Lakes Hills area, and the Delaware River basin are located in this region. The Catskills, with their mountains and lakes, are primarily a recreation area. The Finger Lakes region also provides many opportunities for summer and winter sports, and its valleys provide excellent grasslands for dairying. The Delaware basin is a mixed-farming area.

A plateaulike region known as the Erie-Ontario Lowlands lies to the north of the Appalachian Highlands and west of the Mohawk valley and extends along the southern shores of the Great Lakes. It is composed of lake plains bordering the Great Lakes that extend up to 30 miles (50 km) inland from the lakes. Because of the moderating influence of the lakes on the weather, the region has become an important fruit-growing area. Between the lake lowlands and the western reaches of the Adirondacks and north of Oneida Lake lies the Tug Hill Upland, which is one of the least-settled parts of the state because of its poor soil and drainage and its excessive winter snow conditions.


Among New York’s special geographic features are its two major shorelines: some 130 miles (210 km) bordering the Atlantic and 370 miles (600 km) on Lakes Erie and Ontario; in addition, the western shore of Lake Champlain stretches along the northeast corner of the state. The state also has some 8,000 lakes and 9 major rivers. The Hudson and Mohawk rivers have played the most important roles in the state’s history, but the Genesee and Oswego, flowing northward into Lake Ontario, also have been important. The Delaware, Susquehanna, and Allegheny drain the southern and western portions of the state and provide a large part of New York City’s water supply. The East River connects Long Island Sound with New York Bay and separates Long Island and Manhattan. The most dramatic of the waterfalls that dot the state is Niagara Falls, a source of much hydroelectric power as well as one of the major scenic attractions of the Northeast.


New York soils can be grouped into categories based on their parent material. One of the most productive groups is found in regions of lime-rich glacial till. Where drainage is good and the terrain not too steep, these soils are excellent for agriculture. They occur in a broad belt across the state and into the Hudson valley. Another lime-rich soil group is found in areas that were formerly glacial lake beds, such as the Erie-Ontario Lowlands and large parts of the Hudson and St. Lawrence valleys. Soils of this group are fine-textured and are characterized by level topography. Where drainage is not a problem, these soils are quite suitable for agriculture. Alluvial soils, formed from the sediments of glacial meltwater and the floodwaters of present-day streams, are found in many valley bottoms, especially in the Appalachian Highlands and along the Mohawk and Hudson rivers. Most of Long Island is also covered by alluvial soils, which often have excellent productive potential. Other soils less suitable for agriculture are derived from lime-poor glacial till, such as those north of the major limestone outcroppings near Lake Ontario, or from material that is too shallow or coarse, such as those in the rugged mountainous areas of the state or in the sandy region west and north of Albany.


The early Dutch settlers found that New York’s climate fell far short of their expectations. Since Manhattan is actually Mediterranean in latitude, these early settlers were rather bewildered to encounter its snowy, freezing winter weather. If Manhattan was uncomfortably cold and wet in the winter months, the rest of the state must have been an even greater disappointment.

Average July temperatures range from 77 °F (25 °C) in New York City to 64 °F (18 °C) at Indian Lake in the Adirondacks; averages in January range from 33 °F (0.5 °C) on Long Island to 14 °F (−10 °C) at Stillwater Reservoir in the Adirondacks. These figures represent the extremes, but there are substantial differences in climate between New York City and upstate Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse. A tendency to cloudiness across the state results in few completely clear days.

Precipitation ranges from 32 to 45 inches (810 to 1,140 mm) a year, with the Catskills receiving the greatest amount, while the Erie-Ontario Lowlands receive the least. The region around Syracuse receives an unusual amount of lake-effect snow (an annual average of about 115 inches [2,900 mm]) because of its location near Lake Ontario; the Buffalo area, on Lake Erie, is also renowned for its annual heavy snowfalls (averaging some 95 inches [2,400 mm]).

Plant and animal life

More than three-fifths of New York state is forested woodland. Some 150 kinds of trees, including such southern species as the tulip tree (yellow poplar) and sweet gum, are found in the state. Most woodland, however, is dominated by a small number of northern

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