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E. B.

NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in Cavite, Philippines) Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Project

Proposed 2-Storey Rest'l. Ref. No. Building in Laguna 2011-001 Subject 2/F Beam 2B1 Calculated Checked Date Page E. Naldoza 18/06/07 1 of 3

LOADING ANALYSIS Tributary Loaded Width A. Dead Load Span Slab Self Weight Finishes = =

6.00

(Uniform) 24.00 kN/m 2 0.50 kN/m


3

x 6.00 m x 0.55 m = x 6.00 m = Total DL = 1.4 DL =

79.20 kN/m 3.00 kN/m 82.20 kN/m 115 kN/m

B. Live Load Span Carpark

(Uniform) 2 15.00 kN/m

x 6.00 m Total LL 1.6 LL

= = =

90.00 kN/m 90.00 kN/m 144 kN/m

E. B. NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in Cavite, Philippines)

Eddie Naldoza , BSc M.ASCE MIET MIES LMPICE


E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Project: Proposed 2-Storey Rest'l. Building in Laguna Subject:2/F Beam 2B1 - Span Calculated By: Checked: Date: E. Naldoza E. Naldoza 29/08/2011

DESIGN OF SINGLY REINFORCED RECTANGULAR SECTION (in accordance with NSCP 2010, Vol. 1, 6th Edition) A. Support Flexure Reinforcements; Support No. : Maximum Hogging Moment, Mu -ve = Total Depth, Beam Width, Diameter of Flexure Reinforcing Bar, Assumed no.of layer/s of bars, Concrete Cover,(to main reinf't.) Concrete Strength, Yield Strength of Steel, Reduction Factor (Flexure) 1 (factor for fc' 28 Mpa = 0.85) Effective Depth, d=h-cc-(n-1 x db)-(0.5 x d b ) min = 1.4/fy (b d) As min = fc b d / 4f y bal = (0.85 1 f 'c/fy) (600 / 600 + fy) max = 0.75 bal As max = max b d a max = As max fy / 0.85 f 'c b Maximum Moment Capacity @ = max Mc max = As max fy (d - a max /2) K = Mu / (0.59 b d f 'c) w = {1.695 - [(1.695) - 4 K ] 1/2 } / 2 Steel Ratio, = w f 'c / fy
2

2 90 kN-m 350 mm 225 mm 12 mm 2 (Main Beam with 2 layers of reinf't.) 30 mm 27 MPa 275 MPa (Mild Steel, R Type) 0.9 0.85 > 0.65; O.K.! 302 mm 0.0051 (b d) 321 mm 2 0.0486 0.0365 2479 mm 2 132.02 mm 145 kN-m < Mu ; compresssion reinf't. is not req'd. 0.3059 0.2054 0.0202 > %min; <%max; OK!; 7 R 12 792 mm < Asmax; O.K.! 55 kN-m < Mu; Add more steel! = 346 mm 2 <min; Use min

h = b = db = n = cc = f 'c = fy = = 1 = d = min = As min = bal max = = As max = a max = Mc max = K = w = = Provide : As prov = Moment capacity =

B. Shear Reinforcements Maximum Shear, Reduction Factor (Shear) Yield Strength of Shear Reinforcement, Modification Factor for Concrete Material V c = 0.17 fc b w d V c = 0.85 V c 0.5 V c = 0.85 V c / 2 Shear Strength Required, V s =(Vu / )-V c, Using Bar Dia., d bv = 12 mm ; Maximum Spacing of Shear Reinfocement Minimum Area of Shear Reinfocement Av min = 0.062 fc bw S max / fy v
2

Vu = = fy v = = Vc = V c = 0.5 V c = Vs = Legs = Sv max = Av min = = = = =

650 kN 0.75 275 MPa (Mild Steel, R Type)

1.0 (Normal Weight Concrete) 60.02 KN 45.02 KN 22.51 KN 806.64 KN 10 No. of Legs (S max =d/2) < 300mm; O.K.! 151 mm 40 mm 2
2 1131 mm 116 mm 150 mm

Vc<Vu; Provide Adequate Shear Reinf't

A v =(Legs)( d bv /4); A v Area of Shear Reinf't, Required Spacing, Sv =A v fy v d / V s Sv Spacing Provided, Sv prov =A v fy v d / V s Sv prov Av / Sv prov Shear Reinf't to be provided,

> Avmin; O.K.! < Sv max; O.K.!

O.K.! 7.54 mm 2 /mm

Shear

Use : R capacity =

12 470

@ kN

150 mm ( 10 - Legs) < Vu; Add more steel!

Developed by: Eddie Naldoza, BSc M.ASCE MIET MIES LMPICE

E. B. NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in Cavite, Philippines)

Eddie Naldoza , BSc M.ASCE MIET MIES LMPICE


E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Project: Proposed 2-Storey Rest'l. Building in Laguna Subject:2/F Beam 2B1 - Span Calculated By: Checked: Date: E. Naldoza E. Naldoza 29/08/2011

Ref. No.: 2011-001

Page: 1 of 1

DESIGN OF SINGLY REINFORCED RECTANGULAR SECTION (in accordance with NSCP 2010, Vol. 1, 6th Edition) A. Span Flexure Reinforcements; Span No. : Maximum Sagging Moment, Total Depth, Beam Width, Diameter of Flexure Reinforcing Bar, Assumed no.of layer/s of bars, Concrete Cover,(to main reinf't.) Concrete Strength, Yield Strength of Steel, Reduction Factor (Flexure) 1 (factor for fc' 28 Mpa = 0.85) Effective Depth, d=h-cc-(n-1 x db)-(0.5 x db) min = 1.4/fy (b d) As min = fc b d / 4f y bal = (0.85 1 f 'c/fy) (600 / 600 + fy) max = 0.75 bal As max = max b d a max = As max fy / 0.85 f 'c b Maximum Moment Capacity @ = max Mc max = As max fy (d - a max /2) K = Mu / (0.59 b d f 'c) w = {1.695 - [(1.695) - 4 K ] 1/2 } / 2 Steel Ratio, = w f 'c / fy
2

Mu +ve = h = b = db = n = cc = f 'c = fy = = 1 = d = min = As min = bal max = = As max = a max = Mc max = K = w = =

1 180 kN-m 500 mm 250 mm 16 mm 2 (Main Beam with 2 layers of reinf't.) 30 mm 27 MPa 275 MPa (Mild Steel, R Type) 0.9 0.85 > 0.65; O.K.! 446 mm 0.0051 (b d) = 568 mm 2 527 mm 2 <min; Use min 0.0486 0.0365 4068 mm 2 194.97 mm 351 kN-m < Mu ; compresssion reinf't. is not req'd. 0.2525 0.1650 0.0162 > %min; <%max; OK!; 10 R 16 2011 mm < Asmax; O.K.! 198 kN-m > Mu; O.K.!

Provide : As prov = Moment capacity = Beam Span, Effective Depth, d Support Condition code Basic Span / Effective depth ratio Modification for Tension Reinforcements 5 fy As, req fs = / 8 As, prov x 1 / b Mod. Factor (Tens) = 0.55 +
(477 - fs)

B. Span Deflection Check (Adapted from BS8110-1:1997 as an alternative to NSCP 2010 Sec. 409.6) L d = = = = = = = 5.1 m 446 mm 3 21 (Deflection limits as per NSCP 2010 Table 409-1) 154 MPa
( b = 1; for 0% Redistribution)

( 1- for Cantilever; 2 -for Simply Supported; 3 -for Continuous)

/ 120(0.9 + M / bd)

1.14 < 2; OK! 1.11 < 1.5; OK!

Modification for Compression Reinforcements (100 A's,prov/bd) Mod. Factor (Comp) = 1+ / (3+100A's, prov/bd)

Allowable Deflection Basic span / depth ratio x Modifications Actual Deflection Span / Effective depth, L /d = 11.43 < Allowable; OK! = 26.62

Developed by: Eddie Naldoza, BSc M.ASCE MIET MIES LMPICE