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INGENIERIAMECNICA
P.N.F.TRAYECTOI
CTEDRA:MATEMTICA

TEOREMASDEFUNCIONESTRASCENDENTALES.

A.TEOREMASDELASFUNCIONESEXPONENCIALESYLOGARTMICAS.

Teorema8:Derivadadelafuncinlogaritmonatural.F(u)>0
f (u ) = Ln[ F (u )] f ' (u ) =

F ' (u )

F (u )

Teorema9:Derivadadelafuncinlogaritmodebaseadeu.
F '(u )
f (u ) = Log [ F (u )] f '(u ) =
,parau=F(u)0,(a>0,a1)
a
F (u ) Ln(a )

F (u )

f '(u ) = a

F (u )

ic
a1

f (u ) = a

.c
o

Teorema10:Derivadaparalasfuncioneslogaritmoyexponencialgenerales.

Ln(a) F '(u ) (a>0)

F (u )

em

F (u )

f '(u ) = e

F '(u )

at

f (u ) = e

at

Teorema11:Reglaparalafuncinexponencialnatural.

B.TEOREMASTRIGONOMTRICOSPARALADERIVACIN.

ww

w.

Acontinuacinsepresentanlasderivadasdelasseisfuncionestrigonomtricas.En
elenunciadodelosteoremassesuponeque u = g (x ), dondegesunafuncinderivabley
xserestringealosvaloresparalosquelafuncintrigonomtricaestdefinida.
Teorema12:Derivadadelafuncinseno.

f (u ) = Sen [ F (u )]

f (u ) = (cos u ) F(u )

Teorema13:Derivadadelafuncincoseno.
f (u ) = Cos [ F (u )]

f (u ) = ( Sen u ) F(u )

Teorema14:Derivadadelafuncintangente.

f (u ) = Tag [ F (u )]

f (u ) = ( Sec 2 u ) F(u )

Teorema15:Derivadadelafuncincosecante.

f (u ) = Csc [ F (u )]

f (u ) = (Csc u )(Ctg u ) F(u )


1

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Teorema16:Derivadadelafuncinsecante.

f (u ) = Sec [ F (u )]

f (u ) = ( Sec u ) (tg u ) F(u )

Teorema17:Derivadadelafuncincotangente.

f (u ) = Ctg [ F (u )]

f (u ) = (Csc 2u ) F(u )

C.TEOREMASTRIGONOMTRICOSINVERSOSSOBRELADERIVACIN.
En los teoremas siguientes se supone que u = g(x), donde g es una funcin
derivable y x se restringe a los valores para los que las expresiones indicadas tienen
sentido.
Teorema18:Derivadaparalafuncinarcoseno.

F(u )

f (u ) =

1 [ F (u )]

ic
a1

.c
o

f (u ) = Arc Sen [ F (u )]

Teorema19:Derivadaparalafuncinarcocoseno.

f (u ) = Arc Cos [ F (u )]

f (u ) =

em

at

F(u )

1 [ F (u )]

w.

f ( u ) =

F ( u )

1 + [ F (u ) ]

ww

f ( u ) = A rc tg [ F ( u ) ]

at

Teorema20:Derivadaparalafuncinarcotangente.

Teorema21:Reglaparalafuncinarcocotangente.
f (u ) = Arc ctg [ F (u ) ]

f (u ) =

F (u )
1 + [ F (u ) ]

Teorema22:Derivadaparalafuncinarcosecante.

f (u ) = Arcsec [ F (u )]

F(u )

f (u ) =
F (u )

[ F (u)]

Teorema23:Derivadaparalafuncinarcocosecante.
f (u ) = Arc csc [ F (u )]

F(u )

f (u ) =
F (u )

[ F (u)]

2
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1) f ( x) = Ln ( x + 3)2
f ( x) =

2( x + 3)
2
f ( x) =
x+3
x +3 2

2) f ( x) = Ln2 ( x + 3)
f ( x) = 2 Ln ( x + 3)

2 Ln ( x + 3)
1
f ( x) =
x+3
x+3

om

3) f ( x) = ex

ic

a1

.c

f ( x) = ex (3x2 ) f ( x) = (3x2 ) ex

em
at

4) f ( x) = x2ex

w.

5) f ( x) = Ln2 x Ln(Lnx)

M
at

f (x) = 2x ex + x2ex f ( x) = xex ( 2 + x)

ww

2 Ln2 x x
2 Lnx
1
f (x) =

f ( x) =
x
xLnx
xLnx
e x
6) f ( x) = x
e +1
f ( x) =

e x ( ex +1) e x ( ex )

( e +1)
x

f (x) =

e x ex + 1 + ex

(e

+ 1)

e x 2ex + 1
f (x) =
2
( ex + 1)

7) f (x) = Ln x3 +1
x +1)
(
f ( x) =
f ( x) =
3

x3 +1

3x2
x2 +1

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8) f ( x) = Ln x2 1

(x
f ( x) =

1)

x2 1

f ( x) =

2x
x2 1

9) f ( x) = e5 x f ( x) = 5e5 x
10) f ( x) = e-7 x f ( x) = 7e7 x
11)f ( x) = e3 x f ( x) = 6 x e3 x
2

12) f ( x) = e x

f ( x) = 2 xe x

em
at

ic

a1

.c

om

e x ( x 1)
ex
xe x e x
f ( x) =
13) f ( x) = f ( x) =
x
x2
x2
x
x
14) f ( x) = ee f ( x) = e x ee
e x e x
e x + e x
( ex + e x )( ex + e x ) ( ex e x )( ex e x )
+ e x )

w.

(e

ww

f ( x) =

M
at

15) f ( x) =

( e + 2 + e ) f ( x) =
f ( x) =
(e
(e + e )
2 x

2x

x 2

4
+ e x )

e4 x 1
16) f ( x) = ln 4 x
(aplicando propiedades ln)
(e + 1)
e4 x 1) ( e4 x + 1)
(

4x
4x
4x
f ( x) = ln ( e 1) ln ( e + 1) f ( x) = 4 x
e +1
e 1
4x
4x
8x
4x
8x
4e
4e
4e + 4e 4e + 4e4 x
8e4 x
f ( x) = 4 x 4 x
f ( x) =
f ( x) = 8 x
e 1 e + 1
( e4 x 1)( e4 x + 1)
( e 1)

4
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17) f (x) = ln(ex + e-x )


e + e )
(
e e
f (x) =
f (x) =
x

ex + ex

ex + ex

18) f (x) =log ( 3x2 5 )


a
6x log e
1
f (x) =
2
a
log
e
3
x

5
(
)
2
2
a
3x 5
3x 5

19) f (x) = Ln( x +3) f (x) =

2( x + 3)

( x +3)

y=

2
x+3

a1

.c

om

f (x) =

4e2x

(e

2x

+ 1)

em
at

f (x) =

M
at

( e2x + 1)

2e2x e2x + 1 e2x + 1

(e

2x

+ 1)

w.

f (x) =

2e2x ( e2x + 1) ( e2x 1)( 2e2x )

ww

f (x) =

ic

e2x 1
20) f (x) = 2x
e +1

x2 1
e
21) f (x) = 4
'
2
2

x
1

x
1

f (x) = 4e
Ln 4 e

1
x2 1
2

f (x) =4e
Ln 4 e x 1 ( x2 1) (2x)
2

x2 1
1
x
e
Ln
4
xe
4

1
2
2
2

x 1

f (x) = 4e
Ln 4 xe x 1 ( x2 1) f (x) =
x2 1

5
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1 x3 )
(
3

22) f ( x) = Ln ( x + 2) e

( 3x2 ) (1 x3 )
1 x3 )
(
3
e
y = 3
+ Ln ( x + 2) e
3x2 )
(
( x + 2)
3

(x

+ 2)

+ 1)

e x 2ex + 1
y=
2
( ex + 1)

ww

(1 + x ) y =
x + (1+ x )
1+ x
) + x
(
2

1
2

1
2

1
1
2 2
1
x
+
( ) ( 2x )
2
x + 1+ x2

(1+ x ) + x
(1+ x )
x + (1+ x )
1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

f ( x) =

1+

f ( x) =

24) y = Ln x + 1+ x2 y=

1+

M
at

(e

w.

y =

e x ex + 1 + ex

( e +1) e ( e )
( e +1)

em
at

e
e x
23) y = x
y=
e +1

a1

om

(1 x ) 1 x3 2 Ln x3 2
( + ) ( + )

3x2 e

ic

f ( x) =

3
3
3 1 ( x + 2) Ln ( x + 2)

2 (1 x )

x3 + 2 Ln ( x + 2) y= 3x e
3
x
2
+

(
)

) 1

.c

(
f ( x) = 3x e

3
2 1 x

x + 1+ x2 2 1+ x2
( ) (

1
2

y =

(1 + x )
2

6
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1 x2
x2 + 1

25) f ( x ) = e

y =

( 2 x) ( x 2 + 1) (1 x 2 2 x )

2
2

( x + 1)

(1 x ) ( x
( x + 1)

y =

M
at
ww

(1 x ) ( x

) y=

w.

26) f ( x) = Ln x + 4 + x

2 x

+ 1)

1 x2
x2 + 1

.c

1 x2
x2 + 1

2 x e

2
x
(2)

( x 2 + 1)2

om

1 x2
1 x2
x 2 + 1 2 x x 2 + 1 + 1 x 2
x2 + 1
(
) y = 1 e

2
2

2 1 x2
1 x2
+
x
1
(
)

x2 + 1
x2 + 1

f '( x ) =

a1

1e
y =
2

ic

1 x 2
1 x

2
x + 1 1 x 2 + 1

1 x 2

x 2 + 1

em
at

y =

y =e

(
(x +

+ 1)

) )
4+ x )

( x + 4 + x2

1/ 2
1/ 2
1
4 + x 2 ) ( 2 x ))
2 1 + ( 4 + x 2 )
(

2
f '( x) =
2
x + 4 + x2
x + 4 + x2

2 x + 4 + x 2 (1 +

2
x
2

f '( x ) =
1+
f '( x ) =
1/
2
x + 4 + x2 ( 4 + x2 )
x + 4 + x2

1/ 2
2 ( 4 + x 2 ) + x
2

f '( x ) =
f
x

=
'(
)
( 4 + x 2 )1/ 2 + x ( 4 + x 2 )1/ 2
4 x2

( 4 + x 2 )1/ 2 + x

( 4 + x 2 )1/ 2

7
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27) f (x) = ln(ex +e-x )


e +e )
(
e e
f (x) =
f (x) =
x

ex +ex

ex +ex

28) f (x) = x5e3 ln x


3
f (x) = 5x4e3ln x + x5e3 ln x f (x) = 2x4e3ln x
x
3x
Por propiedades ln
x +4
2
x( 2x)
1 2x
4 x2
(
)
x
+
4
2
f (x) = ln3+ln x ln( x +4) f (x) = 2 f (x) =
f (x) =
x x +4
x( x2 +4)
x( x2 +4)
2

em
at

ic

a1

.c

om

29) f (x) = ln

cos x
sin x
(cos x)(sin x) (cos x)(sin x)
( sin x)(sin x) (cos x)(cos x)

=
(
)
f ( x) =
f
x
sin 2 x
sin 2 x
sin 2 x + cos 2 x
1
f ( x) =
f ( x) = csc x
f ( x) =
2
sin x
sin 2 x
1
31) f ( x) =
sin x
(1)(sin x) 1(sin x)
0 cos x

(
)
f ( x) =

f
x
=
sin 2 x
sin 2 x
1 cos x
f ( x) =
f ( x) = ( csc x)(cot x)
sin x sin x
32) g ( x) = sin x + cos x
g ( x) = (sin x) + (cos x) g '( x) = cos x sin x

ww

w.

M
at

30) f ( x) =

33)m( x) = (tan x + cot x) m( x) = sec2 x csc2 x


8
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33) f ( x) = 4sec x 2csc x


f ( x) = 4(sec x)(tan x) + 2(csc x)(cot x)
34) f (t ) = 2t (cos t )
f (t ) = 2(cos t ) + 2t (sent ) f (t ) = 2(cos t sent )
35) f ( x) = 4x2 (cos x)
f '( x) = 8x(cos x) 4x2 (senx) f '( x) = 4x(2cos x xsenx)

a1

.c

om

36) g ( x) = xsenx + cos x


g '( x) = (senx + x cos x) senx g '( x) = x cos x

M
at

38)h( x) = 4(senx)(cos x)

em
at

ic

37) g ( y) = 3seny y cos y


g '( y) = 3cos y [cos y + y(seny)] g '( y) = 2cos y + yseny

ww

w.

h( x) = 4[(cos x)(cos x) + senx(senx)] h( x) = 4(cos2 x sen2 x) h( x) = 4cos(2x)


39) f ( x) = x2 (senx) + 2x(cos x)
f ( x) = ( x2 )(senx) + x2 (senx) + (2x)(cos x) + (2x)(cos( x))
f ( x) = 2x(senx) + x2 (cos x) + 2(cos x) 2x(senx) f ( x) = cos x( x2 + 2)
40) f ( x) = x2 (cos x) 2x(senx) 2cos x
f ( x) = [ 2x(cos x) + x2 (senx)] ( (2senx) + 2x(cos x)) + 2senx f ( x) = x2 (senx)
41)h( y) = y3 y2 (cos y) + 2 y(seny) + 2(cos y)
h '( y) = 3 y 2 [2 y(cos y) + y 2 (seny)] + (2seny + 2 y(cos y) 2seny h '( y) = 3 y2 + y2 seny

9
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42) f ( x) = 3(sec x)(tan x)


f ( x) = 3[(sec x)(tan x)(tan x) + sec x(sec x)2 ] f ( x) = 3sec x(tan 2 x + sec2 x)
43) f (t ) = (sent )(tan t )
f (t ) = (tan t )(sin t ) + (sent )(tan t ) f (t ) = (sent )(sec2 t ) + (tan t )(cos t )
f (t ) = (sent )(sec2 t ) + sent
44) f ( y) = (cos y)(cot y)

a1

.c

om

f ( y) = (cos y)(cot y) + (cos y)(cot y) f ( y) = (cos y)(csc2 y) (seny)(cot y)


1
cos y
ctgy
f ( y) = (cos y) 2 (seny)
f ( y) =
(cos y)
sen y
seny
seny

ic

45)h( x) = (cot x)(csc x)

em
at

h( x) = (cot x)( csc x)(cot x) + (csc x)( csc2 x) h( x) = csc x(cot 2 x + csc2 x)

ww

w.

M
at

2cos z
45) f ( z) =

z +1
(2senz)( z + 1) (2cos z)
2zsenz 2senz 2cos z
f ( z) =
f ( z) =
2
( z + 1)
( z + 1)2
2senz( z + 1 + cos z)
f ( z) =
( z + 1)2

sen t
46) f (t ) =

t
(sent )t sent
t cos t sent
f (t ) =
f (t ) =
2
t2
t

10
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sen x
47) f ( x) =

1 cos x
cos x(1 cos x) (senx)( senx)
cos x cos2 x sen2 x

f ( x) =
f
(
x
)

=
(1 cos x)2
(1 cos x)2
cos x 1
1
f ( x) =
f ( x) =
2
(cos x 1)
cos x 1

om

x+4
48) f ( x) =

cos x
cos x ( x + 4)(senx)
cos x + senx + 4senx

(
)
f ( x) =
f
x

=
cos2 x
cos2 x

M
at

1 4(sec t ) (sin 2 t )
f (t ) =
(cos t )(cos t 4)2

em
at

ic

a1

.c

tan t
49) f (t )

cos t - 4
(cos t 4)(sec2 t ) (tan t )(sent )
(sec t ) (4sec2 t ) + ( tan t )( sent )
f (t ) =
f (t ) =
(cos t 4)2
(cos t 4)2

ww

w.

50) f (x) = ex sen(ex )

f (x) = (ex )(sen(ex )) + (ex )(sen(ex )) f (x) = ex[(sen(ex )) + (cos(ex ))ex ]


51) f (x) = tan(e x )
e x sec2 (e x )
f (x) = sec (e )(e ) f (x) =
2 x
2

sec x + tan x + sec2 x


52) f (x) = Ln ( sec x + tan x) f (x) =
f (x) = sec x
sec x + tan x
11
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53) y = x ( sen (ln(x)) cos(ln(x))


cos(ln(x)) sen (ln( x))
y= ( sen (ln( x)) cos(ln(x))) + x
+
y= 2 sen (ln x)
x
x

sen (3x)
sen (3x)
54) y = e
y= 3cos(3x) e
55) y = ex cos(x) y = ex cos(x) + ex ( sen ( x)) y = ex ( sen ( x) + cos( x))
56) y = x2e2x cos(3x)

at
ic

a1

y= xe2x ( 2 cos (3x) + 2x cos(3x) 3xsen (3x))

.c
o

y= 2xe2x cos(3x) + x2 (2 e2x )cos(3x) + x2e2x ( 3 sen (3x))

57) f (x) = tan(e3x ) + etan(3x)

em

f (x) = sec2 ( e3x ) (e3x ) + etan 3x (tan3x) f (x) = 3sec2 ( e3x ) e3x + 3etan3x sec2 (3x)

58) f (x) = ln cos3x


f (x) =

ww

w.

at

f (x) = 3( e3x sec2 (e3x ) + etan3x sec2 (3x))

1
3sin(3x)
f (x) = 3tan(3x)
( cos3x) f (x) =
cos3x
cos(3x)

59) f (x) = ln sec2x


f (x) =

1
2sec2x tan2x
f (x) = 2tan2x
( sec(2x)) f (x) =
sec(2x)
sec2x

60) f (x) = ln tan4x + sec4x


1
4sec2 (4x) + 4sec(4x)tan(4x)

f (x) =
( tan 4x + sec4x) f (x) =
tan4x + sec4x
tan(4x) + sec(4x)
12
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f (x) =

4sec(4x) ( sec(4x) + tan(4x))


f (x) = 4sec(4x)
tan(4x) + sec(4x)

61) f (x) = ln cot(3x) csc(3x)


3csc2 (3x) + 3csc(3x)cot(3x)
1

f (x) =
( cot(3x) csc(3x)) f (x) =
cot(3x) csc(3x)
cot3x csc3x
csc(3x) + cot(3x)
f (x) = 3csc(3x)
f (x) = 3csc(3x)
cot(3x) csc(3x)

em
at

ic

63) y = tan2 (x2 ) y= 2tan(x2 )Sec2 (x2 )2x

a1

.c

om

62) y = Sen(3x) +Cos (2x) y= 3 cos(3x) 2 Sen (2x)

M
at

64) y =Cot (1 2 x2 ) y= Csc2 (1 2 x2 ) ( 4x) y= 4x csc2 (1 2 x2 )

ww

w.

2
2 2
2
2
65) y = Sen( ) y= Cos ( ) 2 y= 2 Cos ( )
x
x x
x
x
66) y =Cos2 (1 x2 ) y= 2Cos (1 x2 ) Sen (1 x2 ) ( 2x) y= 2xSen 2(1 x2 )
67) y = Sen3 ( 2x 3) y= 3sen2 ( 2x 3) Cos ( 2x 3) 2 y = 6sen2 ( 2x 3) cos ( 2x 3)
1
1
68) y = Sec2 ( x2 1) y= 2( )sec( x2 1) sec( x2 1) tan ( x2 1) 2x
2
2
2xSen( x2 1)
2
2
2
y = 2x sec ( x 1) tan ( x 1) y=
Cos3 ( x2 1)

13
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CTEDRA:MATEMTICA

69)z (w) =
dz
=
dw

( Sec (2w) 1)
1/2
3/ 2( Sec (2w) 1) Sec (2w)tan(2w)2 dz 3 Sec(2w)tan(2w)

=
3
5/2
dw

Sec
w
(2
)
1
(
)
( Sec(2w) 1)

70) y =

3/2

Senx +Cosx
Senx Cosx

( Cosx Senx)( Senx Cosx) ( Senx +Cosx)( Cosx + Senx)


2
( Senx Cosx)
2
2
2
( Senx Cosx) + ( Senx +Cosx)
( Senx Cosx)( Senx Cosx) ( Senx +Cosx)

y' =
y' =
2
2
( Senx Cosx)
( Senx Cosx)
.c

om

y' =

y ' =

[ Senx Cosx]

ww

71) y = 3SenxCos2 x + Sen3x

M
at

[ Senx Cosx]

w.

y' =

2(Sen2 x + Cos2 x)

em
at

ic

a1

Sen2 x 2 SenxCosx + Cos2x + Sen2x + 2 SenxCosx + Cos2x


y ' =
2
( Senx Cosx)

y ' = 3CosxCos2 x + 2SenxCosx(Senx) +3Sen2xCosx


y ' = 3Cos3x 6 Sen2 xCosx + 3Sen2 xCosx y ' = 3Cos3x 3Sen2 xCosx
y ' = 3Cosx Cos2 x Sen2 x y ' = 3CosxCos(2x)
1
1
y =(Sen2 x)1/3 + 3 y =(Sen2x)1/3 + Cos3x
3
Cos x
Cos x
1
2 SenxCosx
3Senx
y ' = (Sen2 x)2/3 2 SenxCosx + 3Cos4 x (Senx) y ' =
+ 4
3
3Senx 3 (Sen2 x)2 Cos x

72) y = 3 Sen2 x +

y' =

2Cosx 3Senx
+ 4
3 3 Senx Cos x
14

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UNIVERSIDADPOLITECNICAJOSANTONIOANZOTEGUI
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73) y = 3SenxCos2 x + Sen3 x


y ' = 3 CosxCos2 x + 2SenxCosx(Senx) + 3Sen2 xCosx
y ' = 3Cos3 x 6 Sen2 xCosx + 3 Sen2 xCosx y ' = 3Cos3 x 3 Sen2 xCosx
y ' = 3Cosx Cos2 x Sen2 x y ' = 3CosxCos(2x)
74) y =

Cosx 4
+ Ctgx
3 Sen3 x 3

.c

om

1 Senx(Sen3 x) 3Cosx Sen2 xCosx 4


y' =
(Csc 2 x)

3 2
3
(Sen x)
3

M
at
em

at

ic

a1

1 Sen4 x 3Cos2 xSen2 x 4


y ' =
Csc 2 x

6
Sen x
3
3
1 Sen2 x(Sen2 x + 3Cos2 x)
4
1 Sen2 x + 3Cos2 x
4
y' =

y' =

6
2
4
Sen x
Sen x
3
3 Sen x
3
3 Sen2 x

y' =
y' =

1+ Cos(2x)
1 Cos(2x)

ww

75) y =

w.

1 Sen2 x + 3Cos2 x 4 Sen2 x


1 3Sen2 x + 3Cos2 x
Cos2x
y' =
y

=
'
y

=
'

Sen4 x
3
3
Sen4 x
Sen4 x

2 Senx (2x) [1 Cos(2x)] [1+ Cos(2x)] 2 Senx (2x)

[1 Cos(2x)]

2 Senx (2x) [1 Cos(2x) +1+ Cos(2x]

[1 Cos(2x)]

y' =

4 Senx (2x)

[1 Cos(2x)]

Sen(2x) = 2 Cosx Senx; Cos(2x) = Cos2 x Sen2 x; Senx =


y' =

4[ 2 Cosx Senx]
2 Sen2 x

y' =

4[ 2 Cosx Senx]
4 Sen4 x

y' =

1 Cos 2x
1+ Cos 2x
; Cosx =
2
2

2 Cosx
Sen3 x

15
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P.N.F.TRAYECTOI
CTEDRA:MATEMTICA

a
76)y =Sen(x2 5x +1) + tan
x

a a
y' =Cos(x2 5x +1)(2x 5) + Sec2 2
x x

a
a
y' =(2x 5)Cos(x2 5x +1) 2 Sec2
x
x
77) F(x) = Sen2(x) + Cos2(x)
2 Sen2(x) + Cos2(x)

.c

( ) Sen2(x)

2 Sen2 (x) + Cos2 (x)

em
at

ic

Pero:2Cos xSenx = Sen2(x) F '(x) =

2Sen(x)Cos(x)[ ]

om

2 Sen2 x+ Cos2 x

F '(x) =

a1

F(x) =

2Sen(x)Cos(x) +22Cos(x)(Senx)

Sen( x2 )
2
2

78) y = Sen x + Sen x +

x3

M
at

ww

w.

Sen( x2 )
Sen( x2 )
2
2
2
2

Cos x + Sen x +
y = 3Sen x + Sen x +
3
3

x
x

2
2
3
2
2

(
)
(2
)
(
)
3
Sen
x
Cos
x
x
x
Sen
x
x

(
)
(
)
(
)
2x + Cos x2 +

2
x
+

x3
x6

2
2
2 Sen(x2)
2 Sen(x2)
y = 3Sen x + Sen x +
Cos x +Sen x +

3
3
x
x

5
2
2
2

x6 + Sen(x2) 2x + 2x Cos( x ) 3Sen( x )

2x + Cos

3
4
x
x

16
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P.N.F.TRAYECTOI
CTEDRA:MATEMTICA

ww

w.

M
at

em
at

ic

a1

.c

om

x
x
tg + ctg
2
2
79) y =
x
1
x
1
x
2 x
2 x
+

Sec
csc

x + tg + ctg

2
2 2
2
2
2
y =
x2
x 2 x
x x
x
Sec csc2 + tg + ctg

2
2
2 2
2
y =
2
x


x
x
Sen Cos

x
1
1
2 +
2
+

2
x
x
x
x
Sen2 Cos 2 Cos Sen

2
2
2
2
y=
x2
2 x
2 x

x
x
Cos 2 Sen Sen 2 + Cos

x
2
2 +
2
2

2
x
x
x
x
Sen 2 Cos2 Cos Sen

2
2
2
2
y =
x2
Sen 2 u = 2 Senu Cosu; Cos 2 u = Cos 2 u Sen2 u;
Sen2 u + Cos 2 u = 1

x
Cos 2

x
1
2
+


x
x
2

2 x
2 x
Cos

Sen Cos
Sen

2
2
2
2

y =
2
x
x
x
x
xCos 2 + 2 Cos Sen
2
2
2
x
x
x
x
Sen2 Cos 2
xCos ( x ) + 2 Sen Cos
2
2
2
2
y =
y =
2
2x
2
2 x
2 x
x
Sen
Cos
2

2
2

17
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CTEDRA:MATEMTICA

3Senx 2Cosx
3Senx 2Cosx
1
y =
y =
3Senx 2Cosx
5
5
5
1
1 1

y = ( 3Senx 2Cosx) 2 ( 3Senx 2Cosx)


5 2

80) y =

1
1 1

2
3
Senx

2
Cosx
(3
Senx
)

(2
Cosx
)

(
)
(
)

5 2
1
1 1
3Cosx + 2Senx

y = ( 3Senx 2Cosx) 2 (3Cosx + 2Senx) y =


5 2
2 5 3Senx 2Cosx

y =

om

Senx Cosx
Senx + Cosx

1.c

81)y =

Cosx Senx
Cosx Senx
+
Senx
+
C
osx

Senx

C
osx

2 Senx 2 Cosx
Senx
2
2 Cosx

y' =

Senx + Cosx

)(

em

at

ic
a

ww
w.

at

(Cosx Cosx) +Senx( Senx) Senx+ Cosx Senx Cosx (Cosx Cosx) Senx( Senx)
(
)(
) 2 Senx Cosx
2( Senx Cosx)
(
)
y' =
2

y' =

Cosx Senx Cosx +(Cos x+Sen x) +Senx Senx Cosx Senx CosxCosx+(Sen x+Cos x) Senx Senx Cosx
2

(2 Senx Cosx)( Senx + Cosx)

y =
y' =

( Senx + Cosx)

Cosx Senx Cosx +1+Senx Senx Cosx Senx CosxCosx+1Senx Senx Cosx
2

( Senx + Cosx) (2 Senx Cosx)


2
2

( Senx + Cosx) (2 Senx Cosx)

18
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UNIVERSIDADPOLITECNICAJOSANTONIOANZOTEGUI
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82) y = arc sen ( 2 x 3 )

y=

2
4 x 2 + 12 x 8

y =

1 4 x 2 + 12 x 9

y=

83) y = arc cos ( x 2 ) y =

3x x2 2
2x

1 (x )

2 2

1 + (3x

2 2

2x

y=

6 x y=

1 x4
6x
1 + 9x4

ic

x )1 (1 + x ) ( 1)
2
1 + x
2

(1 x )
1 x

em
at

1 + x
(1
85) y = arc cot
y =

1 x
1 +

a1

.c

84) y = arc tan(3 x 2 ) y =

om

y =

( 2 x 3 )
2
1 ( 2 x 3)

ww

w.

M
at

2 (1 2 x + x 2 )
(1 x + 1 + x )
y =
y=
2

1 + 2x + x2
2
(1 2 x + x 2 + 1 + 2 x + x 2 ) (1 x )
+

x
1
1
(
)

1 2 x + x 2

y=

2 (1 x )

2 (1 + x 2 ) (1 x )

y=

1
1 + x2

1
86) y = x arc csc + 1 x 2
x
( 1) 1 + 2 x
1
y = arc csc + x

2
1 1
x
x
2 1 x2
1
x x2
1
x
x
1

y= arc csc
y = arc csc +
x
x
1 x2
1 x2
19
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b
sec 2 x
1
b
1

a
87) y = arc tan tan x y =
2
ab
ab
a

1 + tan x
a

y=

1 b
1
Sec 2 x
Sec 2 x

=
y
y
ab a ( a 2 + b 2 an 2 x)
a 2 + b 2 tan 2 x
a 2 cos 2 x + b 2 sen 2 x
a2

a1

2 ( x 2 4 )

.c

om

1/ 2
x2 4 1
1
x
x
88) y =
+ arc sec y = x 2 ( x 2 4 ) + arc sec
2
2
2
x
2
2
1/ 2 2 x
1/ 2
1
1
1
( )
y = 2 x 3 ( x 2 4 ) + x 2 ( x 2 4 )
+
1/
2
2 2 x x2
2

2 4

1/ 2

x ( x2 4)

1/ 2

2 ( x 2 4 ) + x 2 + x 2
x3 ( x 2 4 )

1/ 2

y=

x3

w.

ww

y = 2ax x
y=

( x a )( 2a 2 x )
2 2ax x 2

( x a) (a x)
+
2ax x 2

2ax x

x2 4

xa
a
a2

( x a)
1

1
a

a2

2ax x 2 + xa a 2 x 2 + ax + a 2
2

1/ 2

89) y = ( x a ) 2 a x x 2 + a 2 arc sen


y = 2ax x 2 +

x ( x2 4)

ic

em
at

y =

x3

M
at

y =

a2
2ax x 2

( 2ax x ) 2 y =
y =
2

2ax x

2ax x 2

20
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P.N.F.TRAYECTOI
CTEDRA:MATEMTICA

90) y = arctg

1 tg x
1 + tg x

Sec 2 x (1 + tg x) (1 tg x) Sec 2 x
1
1

y =

1 tg x
1 tg x
(1 + tg x )

1+
2

1 + tg x 1 + tg x

2
Sec x (1 + tg x + 1 tg x
1
1

y =

2
1 + tg x + 1 tg x 1 tg x
(1 + tg x )

1 + tg x
1 + tg x

1
b
arc sen x
a
b

w.

91) y =

M
at

em
at

ic

a1

.c

om

( Sec x ) y =
(1 + tg x)
1
Sec 2 x
y =
1 tg x (1 + tg x )2
2
1 tg x
2
2
(1 + tg x )
2

1 + tg x
1 + tg x

Sec 2 x
Sec 2 x
Sec 2 x
y =
y =
y =
1 tg x
2
2 (1 tg x )(1 + tg x )
2 1 tg 2 x
2
(1 + tg x )
1 + tg x

ww

b
b

1
1 a
1
a
a

=
y =
y

2
2
2
b a + x b
b
b
b
b

a
1 + x a
1 + x a

1
a b
a
a

y =
y =
y =
2
2
a + x2 b
b a ( a + x b )
a (a + x b)
x
92) f ( x) = x a 2 x 2 + a 2 arc sen
a
1
a
2 x )
(
x2
a
2
2
2
2
2
+a
f ( x) = a x
+
f ( x) = a x + x
2 a2 x2
x2
a2 x2
a2 x2
1 2
a
a2
21
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f (x) =

a2 x2 x2 + a2
a x
2

93) y = (3a2 )arctg

f (x) = 2 a2 x2

x
( 3a + 2x) ax x2
ax

1 x 12 ( a x) x( 1)
3a2

a
x
2

1
( a x)

1

2
2
2 ax x +( 3a + 2x) ( ax x ) 2 ( a 2x)
y =
2
x

a x

ww

w.

M
at

em
at

ic

a1

.c

om

1
1
3a2 a x + x

2 ax x2 +( 3a + 2x) ( ax x2 ) 2 ( a2x)
y =
a x x
2
x
2

a x)
2
(

( a x) a x

1
3a2
a

y =
( ax x ) 2 2( ax x2 ) +( 3a+ 2x)( a2x)
a 2x

x
2
2
a
x

(
)

a x

1
3a3

2
y =
( ax x ) 2 ( 2ax2x2 +3a2 6ax+2ax4x2 )

2(a 2x) x( a x)

3a2 6x2 2ax


3a3

y =
1
2

2 2
2( a 2x) ax x ( ax x )

3a2 6x2 2ax


3a3

y =

2
2
2( a 2x) ax x

ax x

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Senx 1
Senx + 1
1 Senx 112

2 Senx + 1

Cos x ( Senx + 1) ( Senx 1) Cos x

Senx
1
+
(
)

1
1

y =
1

Senx + 1 + Senx 1
2

Senx
1

2
Senx + 1
Senx + 1

Cos x ( Senx + 1 Senx + 1)

Senx
1
+
(
)

ww

w.

M
at

em
at

ic

a1

2Cos x)
(
1
1
y =
1
2
2 Senx
2
2 Senx 1 ( Senx + 1)
Senx + 1

Senx + 1

Cos x
y =
y =
Senx 1
2 Senx
( Senx + 1)
2 Senx
Senx + 1

om

1
y =
Senx 1
1+

Senx + 1

.c

94) y = arcctg

Cos x

y =
2 Senx

( Senx 1) ( Senx + 1)

1+ x
95) y = Arctg
y' =
1
x

y =

Cos x

( Senx 1) ( Senx + 1)
( Senx + 1)
Cos x

2 Senx Sen2 x 1

y =

ctg x
2 Sen2 x 1

(1 x) (1+ x)(1)

2
(1 x)2
1+ x

1+

1 x
1

(1 x)2 + (1+ x)2 1 x +1+ x


2
2
'
'
y' =
y
y

=
(1 x)2
(1 x)2
(1+ x)2 + (1+ x)2
1 2x + x2 +1+ 2x + x2

y' =

2
2
1
y' =
y' =
2
2
2 + 2x
2(1+ x )
1+ x2

23
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96) y =

1
( Arcsenx ) 2 Arc cos x )
2

1 2( Arcsenx )
( Arcsenx ) 2 ( 1)
y'=
Arc cos x +

2
1 x2
1 x2

Arcsenx
2 1 x

[ 2 Arc cos x Arcsenx ] y ' =


2

.c

a1

M
at

em
at

1 + x 2 x (1 + x 2 ) 1/ 2 (2 x )
2

2
(1 + x )
x2
1
1 + x2

w.

y'=

(1 + x 2 ) 1/ 2 1 + x 2 x 2

y'=

(1 + x 2 )
1
1 + x2

y'=

(1 + x 2 )1/ 2 x 2 (1 + x 2 ) 1/ 2
(1 + x 2 )
1 + x2 x2
1 + x2

ww

y'=

2 1 x2

om

x
97) y = Arcsen

2
1+ x

1 + x2

y'=
2

x
1

2
1+ x

Arcsenx (2 Arc cos x Arcsenx )

ic

y'=

y'=

(1 + x 2 ) 3
y'=
1

1 + x2
(1 + x 2 ) 3

1 + x2

1 + x2
1
y'=
2 3
(1 + x )
1 + x2

xsenx
98) y = Arctg
1 x cos x
( Senx + x (Cosx )) (1 x cos x ) + ( xsenx ) (Cosx + x ( Senx )
1
y'=

2
2
x Sen x
(1 x cos x ) 2

+1
2
(1 xCosx )
24
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UNIVERSIDADPOLITECNICAJOSANTONIOANZOTEGUI
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P.N.F.TRAYECTOI
CTEDRA:MATEMTICA

y' =

(Senx + x cos x)(1 x cos x) + (xsenx)(Cosx xSenx)


(1 x cos x)2 + (xsenx)2
2

(1 x cos x)
2
(1 x cos x)

Senx xsenxCosx + x cos x x2Cos2 x + xsenxCosx x2 Sen2 x


y' =
1 2x cos x + x2Cos2 x + x2 Sen2 x
y' =

Senx + x cos x x2Cos2 x x2Sen2 x


1 2x cos x + x2 (Cos2 x + Sen2 x)

Senx + x cos x x2 (Cos2 x + Sen2 x)


Senx + x cos x x2
y' =
y' =
(1 2x cos x + x2 )
(1 2x cos x + x2 )
1
1
y = ( Arctgx)
Arctgx

2
y ' =1( Arctgx) ( Arctgx)

100) y =

.c

a1
ic

em
at

1 1
1
y' =
2
2
( Arctgx) 1+ x
(1+ x2 ) ( Arctgx)2

M
at

y' =

om

99) y =

( Arctgx) ( Arcsenx)3

w.

1
1/ 2

( Arctgx) ( Arctgx) 3( Arcsenx)2 ( Arcsenx)


2
1
1
1
3( Arcsenx)2
1
2
y' =
3( Arcsenx)
y' =

2
2
2 Arctgx 1+ x
2 (1+ x2 ) Arctgx
1
1+ x2
x
+

101) y = ArcTg

ww

y' =

1 Cosx
1+ Cosx
1/ 2

1 1 Cosx

2 1+ Cosx Senx(1+ Cosx) (1 Cosx)(Senx)


y' =

(1+ Cosx)2
1 Cosx

1+

1+ Cosx

25
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UNIVERSIDADPOLITECNICAJOSANTONIOANZOTEGUI
INGENIERIAMECNICA
P.N.F.TRAYECTOI
CTEDRA:MATEMTICA

y' =

y' =

[ Senx(1+ Cosx +1 Cosx)]


1 Cosx 1 Cosx
2
1 + 1 + Cosx 2 1 + Cosx (1 + Cosx)


[ 2Senx]

y' =

(1 + Cosx)Senx
1 Cosx
2
(1 + Cosx)2
1 + Cosx

ic
a1

.c
om

1 + Cosx + 1 Cosx 1 Cosx


(1 + Cosx)2

2
1 + Cosx

1 + Cosx
Senx
Senx

y' =
y' =
2
(1
Cosx
)(1
Cosx
)

+
1 Cosx
2
(1 + Cosx)2
1 + Cosx
Senx
Senx
1
y' =
y' =
y' =
2Senx
2
2 1 Cos2 x

em

at

( x)
( sen( x) Cos( x)) e
102) f ( x) =
2 + 2

ww
w.

at

Cos( x) 2 Sen ( x) e x + 2e x Sen( x) e xCos( x)

f '( x) =
2
2
+
e x ( Cos( x) + 2 Sen ( x) 2 Sen ( x) + Cos( x))
f '( x) =
2 + 2
f '( x) =

e x 2 Cos( x) + Sen ( x)( 2 2 )

2 + 2

1 + Cosx
103) y = ln
+ 2 Arctag
1 Cosx
1

y' = 2

(Cosx)

1/ 2

Cosx

(Senx) 1 Cosx (1 + Cosx )

1+ Cosx
1 Cosx

1 Cosx

1
2

(Cosx)

1/ 2

(Senx)1 2( 1( Cosx )1/ 2 (Senx))


+ 2
1+Cosx

26
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UNIVERSIDADPOLITECNICAJOSANTONIOANZOTEGUI
INGENIERIAMECNICA
P.N.F.TRAYECTOI
CTEDRA:MATEMTICA

Senx
Senx
1 Cosx (1+ Cosx)

Senx
2 Cosx
2 Cosx

+
y' =
(1+ Cosx)(1 Cosx)
(1+Cosx) Cosx
Senx
1 Cosx +1+ Cosx
Senx
2
Cosx
+
y' =
(1+ Cosx)(1 Cosx)
(1+Cosx) Cosx
2Senx
Senx
2 Cosx
+
y' =
(1+ Cosx)(1 Cosx) (1+Cosx) Cosx
Senx
Senx
Cosx
y' =

(1+ Cosx)(1 Cosx) (1+Cosx) Cosx


Senx
Senx
Senx
Senx
Cosx
y' =

y' =
(1Cosx) (1+Cosx) Cosx
(1Cosx) Cosx (1+Cosx) Cosx
Senx(1+Cosx)Senx(1Cosx)
Senx(1+Cosx1+Cosx)
y' =
y' =
(1Cosx)(1+Cosx) Cosx
(1Cos2x) Cosx

Senx(2Cosx)
(2Cosx)
2Ctgx

y
=

y
=
'
'
Sen2x Cosx
Senx Cosx
Cosx

ww
w.

y' =

at

em

at

ic

a1

.c

om

104)y =

y=

2 tgx 2 tg x + 1
2
ln
+
arctg
4 tgx + 2 tg x + 1 2

2 tgx 1 +

2
arctg
2

2 tg x + 1

2 Sec2 x
2 Sec2x

Sec x
tgx+1+ 2tgx Sec x+
tgx+1 2tg x
tgx
2tgx
2
2 tgx +1 + 2tgx

2
4 tgx + 1 2tgx
tgx + 1 + 2tgx

2
Sec2 x
2
Sec2 x

+
.
2
2
+

2
tgx
1 + 2tgx 1
1 + 2tgx 1 2tgx

27
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UNIVERSIDADPOLITECNICAJOSANTONIOANZOTEGUI
INGENIERIAMECNICA
P.N.F.TRAYECTOI
CTEDRA:MATEMTICA

Factor comn:

Sec2 x
2tgx

)(

)(
)(

)(

2 Sec2 x 2tgx 1 tgx+1+ 2tgx 2tgx +1 tgx+1 2tgx

y=
4 2tgx
tgx+1 2tgx tgx+1+ 2tgx

2( tgx +1)
+
tgx+1 2tgx tgx+1+ 2tgx

2
Sec x
4tgx
= tgx
y =
.
2
2tgx ( tgx +1) 2tg2 x

)(

1 1
+
2 2
2
1 1
+
2 2

x
2
2
2 2(1 x + 2x )
y=
+
2

2
2x

2
1
1
x
+

x +
(
)

1 x2

1 1 2 x + 1 x +
+

2
2 2

2
1 1
+
2 2

.c

a1
ic

em
at

M
at

ww

w.

y =

om

x +
2x

+ ln
105)y = 2 arctg
1 x2

2 2(1x2 )

2
2

1 1
1
1 1
x
x
+

+
+
+
2

2 2
2
2 2

2
2

1 1
x + +

2 2

+(*)
(1 x2 )2 + 2x2(1 x2 ) 2

2
2

1
1 1
1
1
1 1
1
2 x + x + + x + x x + x +
2
2 2
2
2
2 2
2

(*)
2
2

1 1
1 1
x + + x +
2 2
2 2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 x+ x x x+ + x+ x
2 2(1x )
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
y=
+
1 + x4
( x2 +1) + 2x( x2 +1) 2x

28
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UNIVERSIDADPOLITECNICAJOSANTONIOANZOTEGUI
INGENIERIAMECNICA
P.N.F.TRAYECTOI
CTEDRA:MATEMTICA

2 2 1
1
1 1
2
2 x +1
2 x + x + +
2
2 2 (1 x ) 2
2 2 (1 x ) 2
2
2
2 2
y =
+
y=
+
2
4
4
4
1+ x
1+ x
1+ x
( x2 + 1) 2x2
2

y=

2 2 (1 + x2 )

y =

1 + x4

2 ( 2x2 + 2)
1 + x4

2 2 (1 + x2 ) + 2 2 (1 x2 )
1 + x4

2 2 (1 + x2 ) +2 2 (1 x2 ) 4 2
=
=
1 + x4
1 + x4

om

1
1
2 5
( x +2) + ln( 2x2 4x +3) 2 arctg 2 ( x 1)
2
4
2
5( 4x 4)
2
2
y' = ( x + 2) +

2
4( 2x2 4x +3) 2 1+ 2( x 1)
20( x 1)
5( x 1)
1
1
'
2
y' = ( x + 2) +
y
x

=
+
+
2
(
)
2
2
2
4( 2x 4x +3) 1+ 2x 4x + 2
( 2x 4x +3) 2x 4x +3

( 2x 4x +3)
2

w.

( x +2) ( 2x2 4x +3) +5x 51


ww

y' =

M
at

em
at

ic

a1

.c

106)y =

2x3 4x2 +3x + 4x2 8x + 6+5x 51


2x3
y' =
y = 2
2x2 4x +3
2x 4x +3

107)y = xsenlnx y' =Senlnx + xcos Lnx


4
4
4 x

.
.
;
y' =Senlnx +Coslnx Sen(A B) =SenACosB
CosASenB
4
4

.
.
Cos(A B) =CosACosB
m SenASenB




y' = Sen(lnx)Cos Cos(lnx) Sen +Cos(lnx)Cos + Sen Sen(lnx)
4
4
4
4
y' =

2
2
2
2
Sen(lnx) Cos(lnx) + Cos(lnx) + Sen(lnx) y ' = 2 Sen(lnx)
2
2
2
2
DMASOROJAS
JULIO2009
29

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