Você está na página 1de 60

Ministry of Education

Malaysia

Integrated Curriculum for Primary Schools


CURRICULUM SPECIFICATIONS

MATHEMATICS

Curriculum Development Centre


Ministry of Education Malaysia
2006
Copyright © 2006 Curriculum Development Centre
Ministry of Education Malaysia
Kompleks Kerajaan Parcel E
Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan
62604 Putrajaya

First published 2006

Copyright reserved. Except for use in a review, the reproduction


or utilisation of this work in any form or by any electronic,
mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented,
including photocopying, and recording is forbidden without the
prior written permission from the Director of the Curriculum
Development Centre, Ministry of Education Malaysia.
RUKUNEGARA
RUKUNEGARA
DECLARATION
DECLARATION
OUR NATION,
OUR NATION,MALAYSIA, beingbeing
MALAYSIA, dedicated to achieving a
dedicated
greater unity of all her peoples;
• to achieving a greater unity of all her peoples;
• to maintaining a democratic
• to maintaining way of life;
a democratic way of life;
• to creating
• to creating
a just society in which
a just society the wealth
in which of the
the wealth of nation
the
shall be equitably shared;
nation shall be equitably shared;
• to ensuring
• to ensuring a liberal a liberal approach
approach to her
to her rich andrich and diverse
diverse cultural
traditions;cultural traditions;
• to building a progressive society which shall be oriented
• to building a progressive society which shall be orientated to
to modern science and technology;
modern science and technology;
WE, herWE, her peoples,
peoples, pledge pledge our united
our united efforts efforts to attain
to attain these these
ends
ends guided by
guided by these principles: these principles:

• Belief• in God
BELIEF IN GOD
• LOYALTY TO KING AND COUNTRY
• Loyalty to King and Country
• UPHOLDING THE CONSTITUTION
• Upholding the Constitution
• RULE OF LAW
• Rule •of Law
GOOD BEHAVIOUR AND MORALITY
• Good Behaviour and Morality

(v)
NATIONAL PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION
Education in Malaysia is an on-going effort towards developing
the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated manner, so
as to produce individuals who are intellectually, spiritually,
Education in Malaysia is an ongoing effort
emotionally and physically balanced and harmonious based on a
firm belief in and devotionfurther
towards to God.developing theispotential
Such an effort of
designed to
produce Malaysian individuals
citizens inwho
a holistic and integrated
are knowledgeable and
competent, who manner so as
possess to moral
high produce individuals
standards whoare
and who are
responsible andintellectually,
capable of achieving a high
spiritually, level of personal
emotionally and
well being as well as being able to contribute to the harmony and
physically balanced and harmonious, based
betterment of the family, society and the nation at large.
on a firm belief in God. Such an effort is
designed to produce Malaysian citizens who
are knowledgeable and competent, who
possess high moral standards, and who are
responsible and capable of achieving a high
level of personal well-being as well as being
able to contribute to the betterment of the
family, the society and the nation at large.

(vi)
PREFACE The development of a set of Curriculum Specifications as a supporting
document to the syllabus is the work of many individuals and experts
Science and technology plays a crucial role in meeting Malaysia’s in the field. To those who have contributed in one way or another to
aspiration to achieve developed nation status. Since mathematics is this effort, on behalf of the Ministry of Education, I would like to thank
instrumental in developing scientific and technological knowledge, the them and express my deepest appreciation.
provision of quality mathematics education from an early age in the
education process is critical.
The primary school Mathematics curriculum as outlined in the syllabus
has been designed to provide opportunities for pupils to acquire
mathematical knowledge and skills and develop the higher order
problem solving and decision making skills that they can apply in their
everyday lives. But, more importantly, together with the other subjects
in the primary school curriculum, the mathematics curriculum seeks to (DR. HAILI BIN DOLHAN)
inculcate noble values and love for the nation towards the final aim of
developing the holistic person who is capable of contributing to the Director
harmony and prosperity of the nation and its people. Curriculum Development Centre
Ministry of Education
Beginning in 2003, science and mathematics will be taught in English Malaysia
following a phased implementation schedule, which will be completed
by 2008. Mathematics education in English makes use of ICT in its
delivery. Studying mathematics in the medium of English assisted by
ICT will provide greater opportunities for pupils to enhance their
knowledge and skills because they are able to source the various
repositories of knowledge written in mathematical English whether in
electronic or print forms. Pupils will be able to communicate
mathematically in English not only in the immediate environment but
also with pupils from other countries thus increasing their overall
English proficiency and mathematical competence in the process.

(vii)
INTRODUCTION strategies of problem solving, communicating mathematically and
inculcating positive attitudes towards an appreciation of mathematics
Our nation’s vision can be achieved through a society that is educated as an important and powerful tool in everyday life.
and competent in the application of mathematical knowledge. To It is hoped that with the knowledge and skills acquired in Mathematics,
realise this vision, society must be inclined towards mathematics. pupils will discover, adapt, modify and be innovative in facing changes
Therefore, problem solving and communicational skills in mathematics and future challenges.
have to be nurtured so that decisions can be made effectively.
Mathematics is integral in the development of science and technology.
As such, the acquisition of mathematical knowledge must be upgraded
periodically to create a skilled workforce in preparing the country to AIM
become a developed nation. In order to create a K-based economy,
research and development skills in Mathematics must be taught and The Primary School Mathematics Curriculum aims to build pupils’
understanding of number concepts and their basic skills in
instilled at school level.
computation that they can apply in their daily routines effectively and
Achieving this requires a sound mathematics curriculum, competent responsibly in keeping with the aspirations of a developed society and
and knowledgeable teachers who can integrate instruction with nation, and at the same time to use this knowledge to further their
assessment, classrooms with ready access to technology, and a studies.
commitment to both equity and excellence.
The Mathematics Curriculum has been designed to provide knowledge
and mathematical skills to pupils from various backgrounds and levels OBJECTIVES
of ability. Acquisition of these skills will help them in their careers later
in life and in the process, benefit the society and the nation. The Primary School Mathematics Curriculum will enable pupils to:
Several factors have been taken into account when designing the
1 know and understand the concepts, definition, rules sand
curriculum and these are: mathematical concepts and skills,
principles related to numbers, operations, space, measures and
terminology and vocabulary used, and the level of proficiency of
data representation;
English among teachers and pupils.
The Mathematics Curriculum at the primary level (KBSR) emphasises 2 master the basic operations of mathematics:
the acquisition of basic concepts and skills. The content is categorised • addition,
into four interrelated areas, namely, Numbers, Measurement, Shape
and Space and Statistics. • subtraction,

The learning of mathematics at all levels involves more than just the • multiplication,
basic acquisition of concepts and skills. It involves, more importantly, • division;
an understanding of the underlying mathematical thinking, general
3 master the skills of combined operations;

(viii)
4 master basic mathematical skills, namely: • Decimals;
• making estimates and approximates, • Money;
• measuring, 2 Measures
• handling data • Time;
• representing information in the form of graphs and charts; • Length;
5 use mathematical skills and knowledge to solve problems in • Mass;
everyday life effectively and responsibly; • Volume of Liquid.
6 use the language of mathematics correctly; 3 Shape and Space
7 use suitable technology in concept building, acquiring • Two-dimensional Shapes;
mathematical skills and solving problems;
• Three-dimensional Shapes;
8 apply the knowledge of mathematics systematically, heuristically, • Perimeter and Area.
accurately and carefully;
4 Statistics
9 participate in activities related to mathematics; and
• Data Handling
10 appreciate the importance and beauty of mathematics.
The Learning Areas outline the breadth and depth of the scope of
knowledge and skills that have to be mastered during the allocated
time for learning. These learning areas are, in turn, broken down into
CONTENT ORGANISATION more manageable objectives. Details as to teaching-learning
strategies, vocabulary to be used and points to note are set out in five
The Mathematics Curriculum at the primary level encompasses four columns as follows:
main areas, namely, Numbers, Measures, Shape and Space, and Column 1: Learning Objectives.
Statistics. The topics for each area have been arranged from the basic
to the abstract. Teachers need to teach the basics before abstract Column 2: Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities.
topics are introduced to pupils. Column 3: Learning Outcomes.
Each main area is divided into topics as follows: Column 4: Points To Note.
1 Numbers Column 5: Vocabulary.
• Whole Numbers;
• Fractions;

(ix)
The purpose of these columns is to illustrate, for a particular teaching EMPHASES IN TEACHING AND LEARNING
objective, a list of what pupils should know, understand and be able to
do by the end of each respective topic. The Mathematics Curriculum is ordered in such a way so as to give
The Learning Objectives define clearly what should be taught. They flexibility to the teachers to create an environment that is enjoyable,
cover all aspects of the Mathematics curriculum and are presented in meaningful, useful and challenging for teaching and learning. At the
a developmental sequence to enable pupils to grasp concepts and same time it is important to ensure that pupils show progression in
master skills essential to a basic understanding of mathematics. acquiring the mathematical concepts and skills.

The Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities list some On completion of a certain topic and in deciding to progress to another
examples of teaching and learning activities. These include methods, learning area or topic, the following need to be taken into accounts:
techniques, strategies and resources useful in the teaching of a • The skills or concepts acquired in the new learning area or
specific concepts and skills. These are however not the only topics;
approaches to be used in classrooms.
• Ensuring that the hierarchy or relationship between learning
The Learning Outcomes define specifically what pupils should be areas or topics have been followed through accordingly; and
able to do. They prescribe the knowledge, skills or mathematical
processes and values that should be inculcated and developed at the • Ensuring the basic learning areas have or skills have been
appropriate levels. These behavioural objectives are measurable in all acquired or mastered before progressing to the more
aspects. abstract areas.
In Points To Note, attention is drawn to the more significant aspects The teaching and learning processes emphasise concept building, skill
of mathematical concepts and skills. These aspects must be taken into acquisition as well as the inculcation of positive values. Besides these,
accounts so as to ensure that the concepts and skills are taught and there are other elements that need to be taken into account and learnt
learnt effectively as intended. through the teaching and learning processes in the classroom. The
main emphasis are as follows:
The Vocabulary column consists of standard mathematical terms,
instructional words and phrases that are relevant when structuring
activities, asking questions and in setting tasks. It is important to pay 1. Problem Solving in Mathematics
careful attention to the use of correct terminology. These terms need
to be introduced systematically to pupils and in various contexts so Problem solving is a dominant element in the mathematics curriculum
that pupils get to know of their meaning and learn how to use them for it exists in three different modes, namely as content, ability, and
appropriately. learning approach.

(x)
Over the years of intellectual discourse, problem solving has People learn best through experience. Hence, mathematics is best
developed into a simple algorithmic procedure. Thus, problem solving learnt through the experience of solving problems. Problem-based
is taught in the mathematics curriculum even at the primary school learning is an approach where a problem is posed at the beginning of
level. The commonly accepted model for problem solving is the four- a lesson. The problem posed is carefully designed to have the desired
step algorithm, expressed as follows:- mathematical concept and ability to be acquired by students during the
particular lesson. As students go through the process of solving the
• Understanding the problem; problem being posed, they pick up the concept and ability that are built
• Devising a plan; into the problem. A reflective activity has to be conducted towards the
end of the lesson to assess the learning that has taken place.
• Carrying out the plan; and
• Looking back at the solution. 2. Communication in Mathematics
In the course of solving a problem, one or more strategies can be
Communication is one way to share ideas and clarify the
employed to lead up to a solution. Some of the common strategies of
understanding of Mathematics. Through talking and questioning,
problem solving are:-
mathematical ideas can be reflected upon, discussed and modified.
• Try a simpler case; The process of reasoning analytically and systematically can help
reinforce and strengthen pupils’ knowledge and understanding of
• Trial and improvement; mathematics to a deeper level. Through effective communications
• Draw a diagram; pupils will become efficient in problem solving and be able to explain
concepts and mathematical skills to their peers and teachers.
• Identifying patterns and sequences;
Pupils who have developed the above skills will become more
• Make a table, chart or a systematic list; inquisitive gaining confidence in the process. Communicational skills
in mathematics include reading and understanding problems,
• Simulation;
interpreting diagrams and graphs, and using correct and concise
• Make analogy; and mathematical terms during oral presentation and written work. This is
also expanded to the listening skills involved.
• Working backwards.
Communication in mathematics through the listening process occurs
Problem solving is the ultimate of mathematical abilities to be when individuals respond to what they hear and this encourages them
developed amongst learners of mathematics. Being the ultimate of to think using their mathematical knowledge in making decisions.
abilities, problem solving is built upon previous knowledge and
experiences or other mathematical abilities which are less complex in Communication in mathematics through the reading process takes
nature. It is therefore imperative to ensure that abilities such as place when an individual collects information or data and rearranges
calculation, measuring, computation and communication are well the relationship between ideas and concepts.
developed amongst students because these abilities are the
fundamentals of problem solving ability.

(xi)
Communication in mathematics through the visualization process • Structured and unstructured interviews;
takes place when an individual makes observation, analyses it,
interprets and synthesises the data into graphic forms, such as • Discussions during forums, seminars, debates and brain-
pictures, diagrams, tables and graphs. storming sessions; and

The following methods can create an effective communication • Presentation of findings of assignments.
environment: Written communication is the process whereby mathematical ideas
• Identifying relevant contexts associated with environment and and information are shared with others through writing. The written
everyday life experiences of pupils; work is usually the result of discussions, contributions and brain-
storming activities when working on assignments. Through writing, the
• Identifying interests of pupils; pupils will be encouraged to think more deeply about the mathematics
content and observe the relationships between concepts.
• Identifying teaching materials;
Examples of written communication activities are:
• Ensuring active learning;
• Doing exercises;
• Stimulating meta-cognitive skills;
• Keeping scrap books;
• Inculcating positive attitudes; and
• Keeping folios;
• Creating a conducive learning environment.
• Undertaking projects; and
Oral communication is an interactive process that involves activities
like listening, speaking, reading and observing. It is a two-way • Doing written tests.
interaction that takes place between teacher-pupil, pupil-pupil, and
pupil-object. When pupils are challenged to think and reason about Representation is a process of analysing a mathematical problem and
mathematics and to tell others the results of their thinking, they learn interpreting it from one mode to another. Mathematical representation
to be clear and convincing. Listening to others’ explanations gives enables pupils to find relationship between mathematical ideas that
pupils the opportunities to develop their own understanding. are informal, intuitive and abstract using their everyday language.
Conversations in which mathematical ideas are explored from multiple Pupils will realise that some methods of representation are more
perspectives help sharpen pupils thinking and help make connections effective and useful if they know how to use the elements of
between ideas. Such activity helps pupils develop a language for mathematical representation.
expressing mathematical ideas and appreciation of the need for
precision in the language. Some effective and meaningful oral 3. Mathematical Reasoning
communication techniques in mathematics are as follows:
Logical reasoning or thinking is the basis for understanding and
• Story-telling, question and answer sessions using own words; solving mathematical problems. The development of mathematical
• Asking and answering questions; reasoning is closely related to the intellectual and communicative
development of the pupils. Emphasis on logical thinking during

(xii)
mathematical activities opens up pupils’ minds to accept mathematics educational software, websites in the internet and available learning
as a powerful tool in the world today. packages can help to upgrade the pedagogical skills in the teaching
and learning of mathematics.
Pupils are encouraged to predict and do guess work in the process of
seeking solutions. Pupils at all levels have to be trained to investigate The use of teaching resources is very important in mathematics. This
their predictions or guesses by using concrete materials, calculators, will ensure that pupils absorb abstract ideas, be creative, feel
computers, mathematical representation and others. Logical reasoning confident and be able to work independently or in groups. Most of
has to be infused in the teaching of mathematics so that pupils can these resources are designed for self-access learning. Through self-
recognise, construct and evaluate predictions and mathematical access learning, pupils will be able to access knowledge or skills and
arguments. information independently according to their pace. This will serve to
stimulate pupils’ interests and responsibility in learning mathematics.
4. Mathematical Connections
In the mathematics curriculum, opportunities for making connections
must be created so that pupils can link conceptual to procedural APPROACHES IN TEACHING AND LEARNING
knowledge and relate topics in mathematics with other learning areas
Various changes occur that influence the content and pedagogy in the
in general.
teaching of mathematics in primary schools. These changes require
The mathematics curriculum consists of several areas such as variety in the way of teaching mathematics in schools. The use of
arithmetic, geometry, measures and problem solving. Without teaching resources is vital in forming mathematical concepts.
connections between these areas, pupils will have to learn and Teachers can use real or concrete objects in teaching and learning to
memorise too many concepts and skills separately. By making help pupils gain experience, construct abstract ideas, make
connections pupils are able to see mathematics as an integrated inventions, build self confidence, encourage independence and
whole rather than a jumble of unconnected ideas. Teachers can foster inculcate cooperation.
connections in a problem oriented classrooms by having pupils to
The teaching and learning materials that are used should contain self-
communicate, reason and present their thinking. When these
diagnostic elements so that pupils can know how far they have
mathematical ideas are connected with real life situations and the
understood the concepts and skills. To assist the pupils in having
curriculum, pupils will become more conscious in the application of
positive
mathematics. They will also be able to use mathematics contextually
in different learning areas in real life. attitudes and personalities, the intrinsic mathematical values of
exactness, confidence and thinking systematically have to be
5. Application of Technology absorbed through the learning areas.
Good moral values can be cultivated through suitable context. For
The application of technology helps pupils to understand mathematical example, learning in groups can help pupils develop social skills and
concepts in depth, meaningfully and precisely enabling them to encourage cooperation and self-confidence in the subject. The
explore mathematical concepts. The use of calculators, computers, element of patriotism can also be inculcated through the teaching-

(xiii)
learning process in the classroom using planned topics. These values assessment techniques, including written and oral work as well as
should be imbibed throughout the process of teaching and learning demonstration. These may be in the form of interviews, open-ended
mathematics. questions, observations and assignments. Based on the results, the
teachers can rectify the pupils’ misconceptions and weaknesses and
Among the approaches that can be given consideration are:
at the same time improve their teaching skills. As such, teachers can
• Pupil centered learning that is interesting; take subsequent effective measures in conducting remedial and
enrichment activities to upgrade pupils’ performance.
• The learning ability and styles of learning;
• The use of relevant, suitable and effective teaching materials;
and
• Formative evaluation to determine the effectiveness of
teaching and learning.
The choice of an approach that is suitable will stimulate the teaching
and learning environment in the classroom or outside it. The
approaches that are suitable include the following:
• Cooperative learning;
• Contextual learning;
• Mastery learning;
• Constructivism;
• Enquiry-discovery; and
• Futures Study.

ASSESSMENT
Assessment is an integral part of the teaching and learning process. It
has to be well-structured and carried out continuously as part of the
classroom activities. By focusing on a broad range of mathematical
tasks, the strengths and weaknesses of pupils can be assessed.
Different methods of assessment can be conducted using multiple

(xiv)
Learning Area : NUMBERS TO 1 000 000 Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Develop number sense • Teacher pose numbers in (i) Name and write numbers Write numbers in words and numbers
up to 1 000 000 numerals, pupils name the up to 1 000 000. numerals.
numeral
respective numbers and write
Emphasise reading and
the number words. count
writing numbers in extended
• Teacher says the number notation for example : place value
names and pupils show the 801 249 = 800 000 + 1 000 value of the digits
numbers using the calculator or + 200 + 40 + 9
the abacus, then pupils write partition
or
the numerals.
801 249 = 8 hundred decompose
• Provide suitable number line thousands + 1 thousands + 2 estimate
scales and ask pupils to mark hundreds + 4 tens + 9 ones.
the positions that representt a check
set of given numbers.
compare
• Given a set of numbers, pupils (ii) Determine the place value count in …
represent each number using of the digits in any whole
hundreds
the number base blocks or the number up to 1 000 000.
abacus. Pupils then state the ten thousands
place value of every digit of the thousands
given number.
round off to the
• Given a set of numerals, pupils (iii) Compare value of numbers nearest…
compare and arrange the up to 1 000 000. tens
numbers in ascending then hundreds
descending order.
thousands
(iv) Round off numbers to the Explain to pupils that ten thousands
nearest tens, hundreds, numbers are rounded off to
hundred thousands
thousands, ten thousands get an approximate.
and hundred thousands.

1
Learning Area : ADDITION WITH THE HIGHEST TOTAL OF 1 000 000 Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
2 Add numbers to the • Pupils practice addition using (i) Add any two to four Addition exercises include number sentences
total of 1 000 000 the four-step algorithm of: numbers to 1 000 000. addition of two numbers to
vertical form
four numbers
1) Estimate the total.
without trading
• without trading (without
2) Arrange the numbers
regrouping). with trading
involved according to place
values. • with trading (with quick calculation
regrouping).
3) Perform the operation. pairs of ten
Provide mental addition
4) Check the reasonableness of doubles
practice either using the
the answer.
abacus-based technique or estimation
• Pupils create stories from given using quick addition
range
addition number sentences. strategies such as estimating
total by rounding, simplifying
addition by pairs of tens and
doubles, e.g.
Rounding
410 218 → 400 000
294 093 → 300 000
68 261 → 70 000
Pairs of ten
4 + 6, 5 + 5, etc.
Doubles
3 + 3, 30 + 30, 300 + 300,
3000 + 3000, 5 + 5, etc.

2
Learning Area : ADDITION WITH THE HIGHEST TOTAL OF 1 000 000 Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
• Teacher pose problems (ii) Solve addition problems. Before a problem solving total
verbally, i.e., in the numerical exercise, provide pupils with
sum of
form or simple sentences. the activity of creating stories
from number sentences. numerical
• Teacher guides pupils to solve
problems following Polya’s four- A guide to solving addition how many
step model of: problems:
number sentences
1) Understanding the problem Understanding the
problem create
2) Devising a plan Extract information from pose problem
3) Implementing the plan
problems posed by drawing
diagrams, making lists or tables
4) Looking back. tables. Determine the type of modeling
problem, whether it is
addition, subtraction, etc. simulating
Devising a plan
Translate the information
into a number sentence.
Determine what strategy to
use to perform the operation.
Implementing the plan
Perform the operation
conventionally, i.e. write the
number sentence in the
vertical form.
Looking back
Check for accuracy of the
solution. Use a different
startegy, e.g. calculate by
using the abacus.

3
Learning Area : SUBTRACTION WITHIN THE RANGE OF 1 000 000 Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
3 Subtract numbers from • Pupils create stories from given (i) Subtract one number from Subtraction refers to number sentence
a number less than subtraction number sentences. a bigger number less than
a) taking away, vertical form
1 000 000. 1 000 000.
• Pupils practice subtraction b) comparing differences without trading
using the four-step algorithm of:
c) the inverse of addition. with trading
1) Estimate the sum.
Limit subtraction problems to quick calculation
2) Arrange the numbers
subtracting from a bigger
involved according to place pairs of ten
number.
values.
counting up
Provide mental sutraction
3) Perform the operation.
practice either using the counting down
4) Check the reasonableness of abacus-based technique or
estimation
the answer. using quick subtraction
strategies. range
Quick subtraction strategies modeling
to be implemented:
successively
a) Estimating the sum by
rounding numbers.
b) counting up and
counting down
(counting on and
counting back)
• Pupils subtract successively by (ii) Subtract successively from Subtract successively two
writing the number sentence in a bigger number less than numbers from a bigger
the 1 000 000. number
a) horizontal form
b) vertical form

4
Learning Area : SUBTRACTION WITHIN THE RANGE OF 1 000 000 Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
• Teacher pose problems (iii) Solve subtraction Also pose problems in the create
verbally, i.e., in the numerical problems. form of pictorials and stories.
pose problems
form or simple sentences.
tables
• Teacher guides pupils to solve
problems following Polya’s four-
step model of:
1) Understanding the problem
2) Devising a plan
3) Implementing the plan
4) Looking back.

5
Learning Area : MULTIPLICATION WITH THE HIGHEST PRODUCT OF 1 000 000 Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
4 Multiply any two • Pupils create stories from given (i) Multiply up to five digit Limit products to less than times
numbers with the highest multplication number numbers with 1 000 000.
multiply
product of 1 000 000. sentences.
Provide mental multiplication
a) a one-digit number, multiplied by
e.g. 40 500 × 7 = 283 500 practice either using the
abacus-based technique or multiple of
“A factory produces 40 500 b) a two-digit number, other multiplication
batteries per day. 283 500 strategies. various
batteries are produced in 7 c) 10, 100 and 1000. estimation
days” Multiplication strategies to be
implemented: lattice
• Pupils practice multiplication
using the four-step algorithm of: Factorising multiplication
16 572 × 36
1) Estimate the product.
= (16 572 × 30)+(16 572 × 6)
2) Arrange the numbers = 497 160 + 99 432
involved according to place = 596 592
values. Completing 100
3) Perform the operation. 99 × 4982
= 4982 × 99
4) Check the reasonableness of
the answer. = (4982 × 100) – (4982 × 1)
= 498 200 – 4982
= 493 218
Lattice multiplication

1 6 5 7 2 ×
0 1 1 2 0
3
3 8 5 1 6
0 3 3 4 1
5 6
6 6 0 2 2
9 6 5 9 2

6
Learning Area : MULTIPLICATION WITH THE HIGHEST PRODUCT OF 1 000 000 Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
• Teacher pose problems (ii) Solve problems involving A guide to solving addition Times
verbally, i.e., in the numerical multiplication. problems:
Multiply
form or simple sentences. Understanding the
problem multiplied by
• Teacher guides pupils to solve
problems following Polya’s four- Extract information from multiple of
step model of: problems posed by drawing
diagrams, making lists or estimation
1) Understanding the problem tables. Determine the type of lattice
2) Devising a plan
problem, whether it is
addition, subtraction, etc. multiplication
3) Implementing the plan Devising a plan
4) Looking back. Translate the information
into a number sentence.
(Apply some of the common Determine what strategy to
strategies in every problem use to perform the operation.
solving step.)
Implementing the plan
Perform the operation
conventionally, i.e. write the
number sentence in the
vertical form.
Looking back
Check for accuracy of the
solution. Use a different
startegy, e.g. calculate by
using the abacus.

7
Learning Area : DIVISION WITH THE HIGHEST DIVIDEND OF 1 000 000 Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
5 Divide a number less • Pupils create stories from given (i) Divide numbers up to six Division exercises include divide
than 1 000 000 by a two- division number sentences. digits by quptients
dividend
digit number. a) without remainder,
• Pupils practice division using quotient
a) one-digit number,
the four-step algorithm of: b) with remainder.
divisor
1) Estimate the quotient. b) 10, 100 and 1000, Note that “r” is used to
remainder
2) Arrange the numbers signify “remainder”.
c) two-digit number, divisibility
involved according to place Emphasise the long division
values. technique.
3) Perform the operation.
Provide mental division
4) Check the reasonableness of practice either using the
the answer. abacus-based technique or
other division strategies.
Example for long division
Exposed pupils to various
1 3 5 6 2 r 20 division strategies, such as,
35 4 7 4 6 9 0 a) divisibility of a number
3 5 b) divide by 10, 100 and
1 2 4 1 000.
1 0 5
1 9 6
1 7 5
2 1 9
2 1 0
9 0
7 0
2 0
8
Learning Area : DIVISION WITH THE HIGHEST DIVIDEND OF 1 000 000 Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
• Teacher pose problems (ii) Solve problems involving
verbally, i.e., in the numerical division.
form or simple sentences.
• Teacher guides pupils to solve
problems following Polya’s four-
step model of:
1) Understanding the problem
2) Devising a plan
3) Implementing the plan
4) Looking back.
(Apply some of the common
strategies in every problem
solving step.)

9
Learning Area : MIXED OPERATIONS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
6 Perform mixed • Pupils create stories from given (i) Calculate mixed operation For mixed operations Mixed operations
operations involving number sentences involving on whole numbers involving multiplication and
multiplication and division. mixed operations of division involving multiplication and division, calculate from left to
and multiplication. division. right.
• Pupils practice calculation Limit the result of mixed
involving mixed operation using operation exercises to less
the four-step algorithm of: than 100 000, for example
1) Estimate the quotient. a) 24 × 10 ÷ 5 =
b) 496 ÷ 4 × 12 =
2) Arrange the numbers
involved according to place c) 8 005 × 200 ÷ 50 =
values. Avoid problems such as
3) Perform the operation. a) 3 ÷ 6 x 300 =
4) Check the reasonableness of b) 9 998 ÷ 2 × 1000 =
the answer. c) 420 ÷ 8 × 12 =

• Teacher guides pupils to solve (ii) Solve problems involving Pose problems in simple
problems following Polya’s four- mixed operations of sentences, tables or
step model of: division and multiplication.. pictorials.
1) Understanding the problem Some common problem
solving strategies are
2) Devising a plan
a) Drawing diagrams
3) Implementing the plan
b) Making a list or table
4) Looking back.
c) Using arithmetic
(Apply appropriate strategies in formula
every problem solving step.)
d) Using tools.

10
Learning Area : IMPROPER FRACTIONS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Understand improper • Demonstrate improper fractions (i) Name and write improper Revise proper fractions improper fraction
fractions. using concrete objects such as fractions with denominators before introducing improper
numerator
paper cut-outs, fraction charts up to 10. fractions.
and number lines. denominator
Improper fractions are
• Pupils perform activities such
(ii) Compare the value of the fractions that are more than three over two
two improper fractions. one whole.
as paper folding or cutting, and
three halves
marking value on number lines
to represent improper fractions. 1 1 one whole
2 2
1 quarter
2
compare
“three halves” 3
2 partition
The numerator of an
improper fraction has a
higher value than the
denominator.

1 1 1 1 1
3 3 3 3 3

The fraction reperesented by


the diagram is “five thirds”
and is written as 53 . It is
commonly said as “five over
three”.

11
Learning Area : MIXED NUMBERS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
2 Understand mixed • Teacher demonstrates mixed (i) Name and write mixed A mixed number consists of fraction
numbers. numbers by partitioning real numbers with denominators a whole number and a
proper fraction
objects or manipulative. up to 10. proper fraction.
improper fraction
• Pupils perform activities such e.g.
as
(ii) Convert improper fractions mixed numbers
to mixed numbers and vice- 2 12
a) paper folding and shading versa.
Say as ‘two and a half’ or
b) pouring liquids into
‘two and one over two’.
containers
To convert improper
c) marking number lines
fractions to mixed numbers,
to represent mixed numbers. use concrete representations
to verify the equivalence,
e.g. then compare with the
procedural calculation.
e.g.

2 34 shaded parts.

7 1 2R 1
=2
3 3 3 7
6
3 12 beakers full. 1

12
Learning Area : ADDITION OF FRACTIONS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
3 Add two mixed • Demonstrate addition of mixed (i) Add two mixed numbers Examples of mixed numbers mixed numbers
numbers. numbers through with the same addition exercise:
equivalent
denominators up to 10.
a) paper folding activities 1
a) 2 + = simplest form
b) fraction charts (ii) Add two mixed numbers 3
denominators
c) diagrams with different denominators
3 4 multiples
up to 10. b) 2 + =
d) number lines. 5 5
number lines
e.g. (iii) Solve problems involving 2 4
addition of mixed numbers. c) 1 +2 = diagram
1 1 3 7 7
1 +1 = 2 fraction charts
4 2 4 The following type of
problem should also be
included:
8 1
a) 1 +3 = 8 1
9 3 1 +3
9 3
1 1
+1 =
8 1× 3
b) 1 =1 + 3
2 2 9 3× 3
Emphasise answers in 8 3
simplest form. =1 + 3
• Create stories from given 9 9
number sentences involving
11
mixed numbers. =4
9
2
=5
9

13
Learning Area : SUBTRACTION OF FRACTIONS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
4 Subtract mixed • Demonstrate subtraction of (i) Subtract two mixed Some examples of simplest form
numbers. mixed numbers through numbers with the same subtraction problems:
multiply
denominator up to 10.
a) paper folding activities 3
a) 2 − 2 = fraction chart
b) fraction charts 5
mixed numbers
c) diagrams 4 3
b) 2 − = multiplication tables.
d) number lines 7 7
e) multiplication tables. 3 1
c) 2 −1 =
• Pupils create stories from given 4 4
number sentences involving
1
mixed numbers. d) 3 − 1 =
9
1 3
e) 2 −1 =
8 8
Emphasise answers in
simplest form.

14
Learning Area : SUBTRACTION OF FRACTIONS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
(ii) Subtract two mixed Include the following type of simplest form
numbers with different problems, e.g.
equivalent
denominators up to 10.
1 1 multiples
1 −
(iii) Solve problems involving 2 4
number sentences
subtraction of mixed 1× 2 1
numbers. =1 − mixed numbers
2× 2 4
2 1 equivalent fraction
=1 −
4 4
1
=1
4
Other examples
7 1
a) 1 − =
8 2
4 7
b) 3 − =
5 10
1 2
c) 2 − =
4 3
1 3
d) 5 −3 =
6 4
Emphasise answers in
simplest form.

15
Learning Area : MULTIPLICATION OF FRACTIONS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
5 Multiply any proper • Use groups of concrete (i) Multiply whole numbers Emphasise group of objects Simplest form
fractions with a whole materials, pictures and number with proper fractions. as one whole.
Fractions
number up to 1 000. lines to demonstrate fraction as
Limit whole numbers up to 3
equal share of a whole set. Denominator
digits in mulplication
• Provide activities of comparing exercises of whole numbers Numerator
equal portions of two groups of and fractions.
Whole number
objects. Some examples
Proper fractions
e.g. multiplication exercise for
fractions with the numerator Divisible
1
2
of 6 = 3 1 and denominator up to 10.
1
of 6 pencils is 3 pencils. a) 1
2
of 8
2

1
b) × 70 =
5
1
c) × 648 =
8
1 6
×6= =3
2 2

16
Learning Area : MULTIPLICATION OF FRACTIONS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 (ii) Solve problems involving Some multiplication Multiply
6× or six halves. multiplication of fractions. examples for fractions with
2 fractions
the numerator more than 1
and denominator up to 10. Whole number
e.g. Divisible
6 × ½ of an orange is… 2 Denominator
a) of 9
1
+ 13 + 13 + 13 + 13 + 13 = 3 oranges. 3 Numerator
3
5 Proper fractions
• Create stories from given b) 49 ×
number sentences. 7
3
c) × 136
8

17
Learning Area : DECIMAL NUMBERS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Understand and use • Teacher models the concept of (i) Name and write decimal Decimals are fractions of decimals
the vocabulary related to decimal numbers using number numbers to three decimal tenths, hundredths and
place value chart
decimals. lines. places. thousandths.
thousandths
e.g. e.g
(ii) Recognise the place value thousand squares
8 parts out of 1 000 equals of thousandths. 0.007 is read as “seven
0.008 thousandths” or ‘zero point decimal point
(iii) Convert fractions of zero zero seven’.
23 parts out of 1 000 is equal to decimal place
0.023. thousandths to decimal 12.302 is read as “twelve
numbers and vice versa. and three hundred and two decimal fraction
100 parts out of 1 000 is 0.100 thousandths” or ‘twelve point mixed decimal
• Compare decimal numbers (iv) Round off decimal numbers three zero two’.
to the nearest convert
using thousand squares and Emphasise place value of
number line. thousandths using the
a) tenths,
• Pupils find examples that use thousand squares.
decimals in daily situation. b) hundredths. Fractions are not required to
be expressed in its simplest
form.
Use overlapping slides to
compare decimal values of
tenths, hundredths and
thousandths.
The size of the fraction
charts representing one
whole should be the same
for tenths, hundredths and
thousandths.

18
Learning Area : ADDITION OF DECIMAL NUMBERS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
2 Add decimal numbers • Pupils practice adding decimals (i) Add any two to four Add any two to four decimals decimal numbers
up to three decimal places. using the four-step algorithm of decimal numbers up to given number sentences in
vertical form
three decimal places the horizontal and vertical
1) Estimate the total.
involving form. place value
2) Arrange the numbers
Emphasise on proper decimal point
involved according to place a) decimal numbers and positioning of digits to the
values. decimal numbers, corresponding place value estimation
3) Perform the operation. when writng number horizontal form
b) whole numbers and sentences in the vertical
4) Check the reasonableness of decimal numbers, form. total
the answer.
(ii) Solve problems involving 6.239 + 5.232 = 11.471
• Pupils create stories from given
addition of decimal
number sentences.
numbers.
addend sum

addend

19
Learning Area : SUBTRACTION OF DECIMAL NUMBERS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
3 Subtract decimal • Pupils subtract decimal (i) Subtract a decimal number Emphasise performing vertical
numbers up to three numbers, given the number from another decimal up to subtraction of decimal
place value
decimal places. sentences in the horizontal and three decimal places. numbers by writing the
vertical form. number sentence in the decimal point
(ii) Subtract successively any vertical form.
• Pupils practice subtracting estimation
two decimal numbers up to Emphasise the alignment of
decimals using the four-step
three decimal places. place values and decimal range
algorithm of
points. decimal numbers
1) Estimate the total. (iii) Solve problems involving
subtraction of decimal Emphasise subtraction using
2) Arrange the numbers the four-step algorithm.
involved according to place numbers.
values. The minuend should be of a
bigger value than the
3) Perform the operation. subtrahend.
4) Check the reasonableness of 8.321 – 4.241 = 4.080
the answer.
• Pupils make stories from given
number sentences. minuend difference

subtrahend

20
Learning Area : MULTIPLICATION OF DECIMAL NUMBERS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
4 Multiply decimal • Multiply decimal numbers with (i) Multiply any decimal Emphasise performing vertical form
numbers up to three a number using horizontal and numbers up to three multiplication of decimal
decimal point
decimal places with a vertical form. decimal places with numbers by writing the
whole number. number sentence in the estimation
• Pupils practice subtracting vertical form.
a) a one-digit number,
decimals using the four-step range
algorithm Emphasise the alignment of
b) a two-digit number, place values and decimal product
1) Estimate the total. points. horizontal form
c) 10, 100 and 1000.
2) Arrange the numbers Apply knowledge of decimals
involved according to place in:
values. (ii) Solve problems involving
multiplication of decimal a) money,
3) Perform the operation. numbers.
b) length,
4) Check the reasonableness of
the answer. c) mass,
• Pupils create stories from given d) volume of liquid.
number sentences.

21
Learning Area : DIVISION OF DECIMAL NUMBERS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
5 Divide decimal • Pupils practice subtracting (i) Divide a whole number by Emphasise division using the divide
numbers up to three decimals using the four-step four-steps algorithm.
quotient
decimal places by a whole algorithm of a) 10 Quotients must be rounded
number. decimal places
1) Estimate the total. off to three decimal places.
b) 100 rounded off
2) Arrange the numbers Apply knowledge of decimals
involved according to place c) 1 000 in: whole number
values.
a) money,
3) Perform the operation. (ii) Divide a whole number by
b) length,
4) Check the reasonableness of a) a one-digit number, c) mass,
the answer.
b) a two-digit whole d) volume of liquid.
• Pupils create stories from given
number sentences. number,

(iii) Divide a decimal number of


three decimal places by

a) a one-digit number

b) a two-digit whole
number

c) 10

d) 100.

(iv) Solve problem involving


division of decimal
numbers.

22
Learning Area : PERCENTAGE Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Understand and use • Pupils represent percentage (i) Name and write the symbol The symbol for percentage is percent
percentage. with hundred squares. for percentage. % and is read as ‘percent’,
percentage
e.g. 25 % is read as ‘twenty-
• Shade parts of the hundred five percent’.
squares.
(ii) State fraction of hundredths
in percentage. The hundred squares should
• Name and write the fraction of be used extensively to easily
the shaded parts to percentage. (iii) Convert fraction of convert fractions of
hundredths to percentage hundredths to percentage.
and vice versa.
e.g.

16
a) = 16%
100
42
b) 42% =
100

23
Learning Area : CONVERT FRACTIONS AND DECIMALS TO PERCENTAGE Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
2 Relate fractions and • Identify the proper fractions (i) Convert proper fractions of e.g.
decimals to percentage. with the denominators given. tenths to percentage.
5 5 10 50
→ × = → 50%
(ii) Convert proper fractions 10 10 10 100
with the denominators of 2,
7 7 4 28
4, 5, 20, 25 and 50 to → × = → 28%
percentage. 25 25 4 100
35 35 5 7
(iii) Convert percentage to 35% → = ÷ →
fraction in its simplest form. 100 100 5 20

(iv) Convert percentage to


decimal number and vice
versa.

24
Learning Area : MONEY TO RM100 000 Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Understand and use • Pupils show different (i) Read and write the value of RM
the vocabulary related to combinations of notes and money in ringgit and sen up
sen
money. coins to represent a given to RM100 000.
amount of money. note
value
2 Use and apply • Pupils perform basic and mixed (i) Add money in ringgit and When performing mixed total
mathematics concepts operations involving money by sen up to RM100 000. operations, the order of
amount
when dealing with money writing number sentences in operations should be
up to RM100 000. the horizontal and vertical form. (ii) Subtract money in ringgit observed. range
and sen within the range of Example of mixed operation
• Pupils create stories from given dividend
RM100 000. involving money,
number sentences involving
combination
money in real context, for
(iii) Multiply money in ringgit RM62 000 ÷ 4 × 3 = ?
example,
and sen with a whole Avoid problems with
a) Profit and loss in trade number, fraction or decimal remainders in division, e.g.,
b) Banking transaction with products within
RM100 000. RM75 000.10 ÷ 4 × 3 = ?
c) Accounting
d) Budgeting and finance (iv) Divide money in ringgit and
management sen with the dividend up to
RM100 000.

(v) Perform mixed operation of


multiplication and division
involving money in ringgit
and sen up to RM100 000.

25
Learning Area : MONEY TO RM100 000 Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
• Pupils solve problems following (vi) Solve problems in real Pose problem in form of
Polya’s four-step algorithm and context involving money in numericals, simple
using some of the common ringgit and sen up to sentences, graphics and
problem solving strategies. RM100 000. stories.
Polya’s four-step algorithm
1) Understanding the
problem
2) Devising a plan
3) Implementing the plan
4) Checking the solution
Examples of the common
problem solving strategies
are
• Drawing diagrams
• Making a list
• Using formula
• Using tools

26
Learning Area : READING AND WRITING TIME Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Understand the • Pupils tell the time from the (i) Read and write time in the Some common ways to read ante meridiem
vocabulary related to time. digital clock display. 24-hour system. time in the 24-hour system.
post meridiem
• Design an analogue clock face e.g.
(ii) Relate the time in the 24- analogue clock
showing time in the 24-hour
hour system to the 12-hour digital clock.
system.
system.
24-hour system
Say : Sixteen hundred hours
12-hour system
Write: 1600hrs

Say: Sixteen zero five hours


Write: 1605hrs

Say: zero hundred hours


Write: 0000hrs

27
Learning Area : READING AND WRITING TIME Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
• Pupils convert time by using (iii) Convert time from the 24- Examples of time conversion a.m
hour system to the 12-hour from the 24-hour system to
the number line p.m
system and vice-versa. the 12-hour system.

12 12 e.g.
12
a) 0400hrs ↔ 4.00 a.m.
morning afternoon evening
noon b) 1130hrs ↔ 11.30 a.m.

0000 1200 0000 c) 1200hrs ↔ 12.00 noon


d) 1905hrs ↔ 7.05 p.m.
e) 0000hrs ↔12.00 midnight
the clock face
a.m.
00 ante meridiem refers to the
23 13
time after midnight before
22 14 noon.
p.m.
21 15
post meridiem refers to the
time after noon before
20 16 midnight.
19 17
18
6

28
Learning Area : RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNITS OF TIME Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
2 Understand the • Pupils convert from one unit of (i) Convert time in fractions Conversion of units of time century
relationship between units time and decimals of a minute to may involve proper fractions
decade
of time. seconds. and decimals.
• Pupils explore the relationship
between centuries, decades a) 1 century = 100 years
and years by constructing a
(ii) Convert time in fractions
and decimals of an hour to b) 1 century = 10 decade
time conversion table.
minutes and to seconds.

(iii) Convert time in fractions


and decimals of a day to
hours, minutes and
seconds.

(iv) Convert units of time from

a) century to years and


vice versa.

b) century to decades and


vice versa.

29
Learning Area : BASIC OPERATIONS INVOLVING TIME Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
3 Add, subtract, multiply • Pupils add, subtract, multiply (i) Add time in hours, minutes Practise mental calculation multiplier
and divide units of time. and divide units of time by and seconds. for the basic operations
divisor
writing number sentences in involving hours, minutes and
the horizontal and vertical form. (ii) Subtract time in hours, seconds. remainders
e.g. minutes and seconds. Limit minutes

5 hr 20 min 30 s (iii) Multiply time in hours, a) multiplier to a one-digit hours


minutes and seconds. number,
+ 2 hr 25 min 43 s seconds
b) divisor to a one-digit
(iv) Divide time in hours, number and days
minutes and seconds. years
c) exclude remainders in
4 hr 45 min 12 s division. months
- 2 hr 30 min 52 s

2 hr 15 min 9 s
× 7

4 13 hours 13 minutes

30
Learning Area : DURATION Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
4 Use and apply • Pupils read and state (i) Identify the start and end Expose pupils to a variety of duration
knowledge of time to find information from schedules times of are event. schedules.
schedule
the duration. such as:
Emphasise the 24-hour
(ii) Calculate the duration of an event
a) class time-table, system.
event, involving start
b) fixtures in a tournament The duration should not be
a) hours, minutes and longer than a week. end
c) public transport, etc
seconds. competition
• Pupils find the duration the start
and end time from a given b) days and hours hours
situation.
minutes
(iii) Determine the start or end
time of an event from a 24-hour system
given duration of time. period

(iv) Solve problems involving fixtures


time duration in fractions tournament
and/or decimals of hours,
minutes and seconds.

31
Learning Area : MEASURING LENGTH Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Measure and compare • Teacher provides experiences (i) Describe by comparison Introduce the symbol ‘km’ for kilometre
distances. to introduce the idea of a the distance of one kilometre.
distance
kilometre. kilometre.
Relate the knowledge of
places
e.g. data handling (pictographs)
(ii) Measure using scales for to the scales in a simple points
Walk a hundred-metre track distance between places. map.
and explain to pupils that a destinations
kilometre is ten times the
distance. drepresents 10 pupils. between
record
• Use a simple map to measure represents 5 km
the distances to one place to map
another. 1 cm
scale
e.g.
a) school
b) village
c) town

32
Learning Area : RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNITS OF LENGTH Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
2 Understand the • Compare the length of a metre (i) Relate metre and kilometre. Emphasise relationships. measurement
relationship between units string and a 100-cm stick, then
1 km = 1000 m relationship
of length. write the relationship between (ii) Convert metre to kilometre
the units. and vice versa. 1 m = 100 cm
• Pupils use the conversion table 1 cm = 10 mm
for units of length to convert
Practice mental calculation
length from km to m and vice
giving answers in mixed
versa.
decimals.

33
Learning Area : BASIC OPERATIONS INVOLVING LENGTH Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
3 Add, subtract, multiply • Pupils demonstrate addition (i) Add and subtract units of Give answers in mixed add
and divide units of length. and subtraction involving units length involving conversion decimals to 3 decimal
subtract
of length using number of units in places.
sentences in the usual conversion
Check answers by
conventional manner. a) kilometres , performing mental mixed decimal
e.g. calculation wherever
b) kilometres and metres. appropriate. multiply
a) 2 km + 465 m = ______ m
quotient
b) 3.5 km + 615 m = _____ km
c) 12.5 km – 625 m = _____ m

• Pupils multiply and divide (ii) Multiply and divide units of


involving units of length. length in kilometres
-
involving conversion of
e.g.
units with
a) 7.215 m ×1 000 =______km
a) a one-digit number,
b) 2.24 km ÷ 3 = _____m
Create stories from given number b) 10, 100, 1 000.
sentence.
(iii) Identify operations in a
given situation.

(iv) Solve problems involving


basic operations on length.

34
Learning Area : COMPARING MASS Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Compare mass of • Pupils measure, read and (i) Measure and record Emphasise that measuring read
objects. record masses of objects in masses of objects in should start from the ‘0’ mark
weighing scale
kilograms and grams using the kilograms and grams. of the weighing scale.
weighing scale and determine divisions
Encourage pupils to check
how many times the mass of an (ii) Compare the masses of accuracy of estimates. weight
object as compared to another. two objects using kilogram
and gram, stating the weigh
comparison in multiples or compare
fractions.
record
(iii) Estimate the masses of compound
objects in kilograms and
grams.

2 Understand the • Pupils make stories for a given (i) Convert units of mass from Emphasise relationships. measurement
relationship between units measurement of mass. fractions and decimals of a
1 kg = 1000 g relationship
of mass. kilogram to grams and vice
e.g.
versa. Emphasise mental
Aminah bought 4 kg of calculations.
cabbages and 500 g celery. (ii) Solve problems involving Emphasise answers in
Altogether, she bought a total conversion of mass units in mixed decimals up to 3
of 4.5 kg vegetables. fraction and/or decimals. decimal place.
e.g.
a) 3 kg 200 g = 3.2 kg
b) 1 kg 450 g = 1.45 kg
c) 2 kg 2 g = 2.002 kg

35
Learning Area : COMPARING VOLUME Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Measure and compare • Pupils measure, read and (i) Measure and record the Capacity is the amount a read
volumes of liquid using record volume of liquid in litres volumes of liquid in a container can hold.
meniscus
standard units. and mililitres using beaker, smaller metric unit given
Emphasise that reading of
measuring cylinder, etc. the measure in fractions record
measurement of liquid
and/or decimals of a larger
• Pupils measure and compare should be at the bottom of capacity
uniit.
volume of liquid stating the the meniscus. 1ℓ = 1000 mℓ
measuring
comparison in multiples or
factors.
(ii) Estimate the volumes of 1 cylinder
liquid involving fractions ℓ = 0.5 ℓ = 500 mℓ
2
and decimals in litres and water level
mililitres. 1
ℓ = 0.25 ℓ = 250 mℓ beaker
4
(iii) Compare the volumes of measuring jug
liquid involving fractions 3 divisions
and decimals using litres ℓ = 0.75 mℓ = 750 mℓ
4
and mililitres.
Encourage pupils to check
accuracy of estimates.

36
Learning Area : RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNITS OF VOLUME Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
2 Understand the • Engage pupils in activities that (i) Convert unit of volumes Emphasise relationships. measurement
relationship between units will create an awareness of involving fractions and
relationship. decimals in litres and vice- 1 l = 1 000 m l relationship
of volume of liquid.
versa. Emphasise mental
• Pupils make stories from a
given number sentence calculations.
involving volume of lquid.
(ii) Solve problem involving
volume of liquid. Emphasise answers in
mixed decimals up to 3
decimal places.
e.g.
a) 400 m l = 0.4 l
1
b) 250 m l = l
4
c) 4750 m l = 4.75 l

3
= 4 l
4
2
d) 3 l = 3.4 l
5
= 3400 m l

= 3 l 400 m l
Include compound units.

37
Learning Area : OPERATIONS ON VOLUME OF LIQUID Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
3 Add and subtract units • Pupils carry out addition up to 3 (i) Add units of volume Emphasise answers in measurement
of volume. numbers involving mixed involving mixed decimals in mixed decimals up to 3
relationship
decimals in litres and millitres . a) litres, decimals places.
b) mililitres, e.g:
c) litres and mililitres. a) 0.607 l + 4.715 l =

(ii) Subtract units of volume b) 4.052 l + 5 l + 1.46 l =


involving mixed decimals in
c) 642 m l + 0.523 l +1.2 l =
a) litres,
b) mililitres, Practice mental calculations.
c) litres and mililitres.

4 Multiply and divide • Pupils demonstrate division for (iii) Multiply units of volume Give answers in mixed
units of volume. units of volume in the involving mixed number decimals to 3 decimals
conventional manner. using: places, e.g. 0.0008 l round
• Pupils construct stories about a) a one-digit number, off to 0.001 l.
volume of liquids from given b) 10, 100, 1000, involving
Avoid division with
number sentences. conversion of units.
remainders.
(iv) Divide units of volume Make sensible estimations to
using check answers.
a) up to 2 digit number,
b) 10, 100, 1000, involving
mixed decimals.

38
Learning Area : OPERATIONS ON VOLUME OF LIQUID Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
(v) Divide unit of volume using:

a) a one-digit number,

b) 10, 100, 1000,

involving conversion of
units.

(vi) Solve problems involving


computations for volume of
liquids.

39
Learning Area : COMPOSITE TWO-DIMENSIONAL SHAPES Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Find the perimeter of • Use measuring tapes, rulers or (i) Measure the perimeter of Emphasise using units in cm shape,
composite 2-D shapes. string to measure the perimeter the following composite 2-D and m.
combination,
of event composite shapes. shapes.
e.g. 2 cm square
a) square and square,
rectangle,
b) rectangle and rectangle,
triangle,
c) triangle and triangle,
5 cm
area,
d) square and rectangle,
3 cm calculate
e) square and triangle,
f) rectangle and triangle. 4 cm
(ii) Calculate the perimeter of Emphasise using various
the following composite 2-D combination of 2-D shapes
shapes. a) square and to find the perimeter and
square, area.
a) rectangle and rectangle,
b) triangle and triangle,
c) square and rectangle,
d) square and triangle,
e) rectangle and triangle.

(iii) Solve problems involving


perimeters of composite 2-
D shapes.

40
Learning Area : COMPOSITE TWO-DIMENSIONAL SHAPES Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
2 Find the area of • Pupils count the unit squares to (i) Measure the area of the The units of area should be combination,
composite 2-D shapes. find the area of composite 2-D following composite 2-D in cm² and m².
square
shape on the grid paper. shapes.
Limit shapes to a
rectangle,
combination of two basic
a) square and square, shapes. triangle,
b) rectangle and rectangle, area,
calculate,
c) square and rectangle,
2-D shapes.
(ii) Calculate the area of the
following composite 2-D
shapes. square and
square,

a) rectangle and rectangle,

b) square and rectangle,

(iii) Solve problems involving


areas of composite 2-D
shapes.

41
Learning Area : COMPOSITE THREE-DIMENSIONAL SHAPES Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Find the volume of • Use any combinations of 3-D (i) Measure the volume of the shape,
composite 3-D shapes. shapes to find the surface area following composite 3-D
cube,
and volume. shapes
3 cm
cuboid,
a) cube and cube, 4 cm A 2 cm surface area,
B
b) cuboid and cuboid, 6 cm 8 cm volume
composite 3-D
c) cube and cuboid. shapes
Volume of cuboid A
(ii) Calculate the volume of the = 3 cm × 4 cm × 6 cm
composite 3-D shapes Volume of cuboid B
following
= 2 cm × 4 cm × 8 cm
a) cube and cube, The combined volume of
cubiod A and B
b) cuboid and cuboid, = 72 cm3 + 64 cm3
c) cube and cuboid. = 136 cm3

(iii) Solve problems involving


volume of composite 3-D The units of area should be
shapes. in cm and m.

42
Learning Area : AVERAGE Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Understand and use • Prepare two containers of the (i) Describe the meaning of The formula for average average
the vocabulary related to same size with different average.
calculate
average. volumes of liquid. Average
(ii) State the average of two or quantities
• Equal the volume of liquid from total of quantity
three quantities. = total of
the two containers. number of quantity
e.g. A B (iii) Determine the formula for quantity
1 average. number of
quantities
A B objects
2 liquids
volume
e.g.

1 2

• Relate the examples given to


determine the average using
the formula.

43
Learning Area : AVERAGE Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
2 Use and apply • Calculate the average of two (i) Calculate the average Emphasise the calculation of remainders
knowledge of average. numbers. using formula. average without involving
number
remainders.
• Calculate the average of three money
numbers.
(ii) Solve problem in real life Emphasise the calculation of
situation. average involving numbers, time
• Pose problems involving real money, time, length, mass,
life situation. volume of liquid and quantity length
of objects and people. mass
e.g. volume of liquid
Calculate the average 25, 86 people
and 105.
quantity of objects
25 + 86 + 105 216
= = 72
3 3

44
Learning Area : ORGANISING AND INTERPRETING DATA Year 5
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SUGGESTED TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES POINTS TO NOTE VOCABULARY
Pupils will be taught to… LEARNING ACTIVITIES Pupils will be able to…
1 Understand the • Discuss a bar graph showing (i) Recognise frequency, Initiate discussion by asking frequency
vocabulary relating to data the frequency, mode, range, mode, range, maximinum simple questions. Using the
mode
organisation in graphs. maximum and minimum value. and minimum value from example in the Suggested
bar graphs. Teaching and Learning range
e.g. Activities column, ask
maximum
Number of books read by five questions that introduce the
pupils in February terms, e.g. minimum
1) How many books did data table
5 Adam read?
(frequency) score
4
chart
frequency

3 2) What is the most


common number of graph
2
books read? (mode)
1 organise
3) Who read the most
books? (maximum) interpret
Adam Shiela Davin Nadia May
pupils

2 Organise and interpret • Pupils transform data tables to (ii) Construct a bar graph from From the data table,
data from tables and bar graphs. a given set of data.
What is the most common
charts. score? (mode)
Name Reading Mental (iii) Determine the frequency,
test Arithmetic
score test score mode, range, average, Arrange the scores for one
maximum and minimum of the tests in order, then
Adam 10 8 determine the maximum and
value from a given graph.
Davin 7 10 minimum score. The range is
the difference between the
May 9 8
two scores.

45
46