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# HOMEWORK1

## Given Positions, Find Velocity and Acceleration

Learning Goal: To graph position, velocity, and acceleration of an object given a table of positions vs. time. The table below shows the x coordinate of a moving object. The position is tabulated at one-second intervals. The x coordinate is indicated below each time. time (s) x (m) 0 0 1 1 2 4 3 9 4 16 5 24 6 32 7 40 8 46 9 48

Part A
Which graph best represents the function , describing the object's position vs. time?

Correct

Part B
Which of the following graphs best represents the function function of time? , describing the object's velocity as a

## Hint 1. Find the velocity toward the end of the motion

The velocity is given by the slope of the displacement (position) curve. Using this fact, the velocity toward the end of the motion is __________.

## Hint 1. Finding the slope

The slope of a displacement versus time curve is given by the equation .

ANSWER: positive and increasing positive and decreasing negative and increasing negative and decreasing

## Hint 2. Identify the implications of zero velocity

Two of the possible velocity vs. time graphs indicate zero velocity between What would the corresponding position vs. time graph look like in this region? ANSWER: a horizontal line straight but sloping up to the right straight but sloping down to the right curved upward curved downward and .

Correct
In principle, you could also compute and plot the average velocity. The expression for the average velocity is . The notation emphasizes that this is not an instantaneous velocity, but rather an to . After you compute this, you must put a single point on the

## average over an interval from

graph of velocity vs. time. The most accurate place to plot the average velocity is at the middle of the time interval over which the average was computed.

Part C
Which of the following graphs best represents the function , describing the acceleration of this object?

## Hint 1. Find the acceleration toward the end of the motion

The acceleration is given by the slope of the velocity curve. Toward the end of the motion, when the velocity is decreasing, the acceleration must be __________.

## Hint 1. Finding the slope

The slope of a displacement versus time curve is given by the equation

## Hint 2. Calculate the acceleration in the region of constant velocity

What is the acceleration over the interval during which the object travels at constant speed?

Correct
In one dimension, a linear increase or decrease in the velocity of an object over a given time interval implies constant acceleration over that particular time interval. You can find the magnitude of the acceleration using the formula for average acceleration over a time interval: . When the acceleration is constant over an extended interval, you can choose any value of within the interval to compute the average. and

Problem 2.32
A person driving her car at 45 the intersection (see the figure). approaches an intersection just as the traffic light turns yellow. She before turning red, and she is 28 away from the near side of knows that the yellow light lasts only 2.0

Part A
Should she try to stop, or should she speed up to cross the intersection before the light turns red? The intersection is 15 wide. Her car's maximum deceleration is -5.8 , whereas it can accelerate from 45 ANSWER: She should stop. She should speed up. to 65 in 6.0 . Ignore the length of her car and her reaction time.

Correct

Problem 2.44
A falling stone takes 0.28 to travel past a window 2.2 tall (see the figure).

Part A
From what height above the top of the window did the stone fall? Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: = 2.1

## All attempts used; correct answer displayed

Problem 2.56
The figure is a position versus time graph for the motion of an object along the axis.

## Consider the time interval from A to B.

Part A
Is the object moving in the positive or negative direction? ANSWER: in the positive direction in the negative direction

Correct

Part B
Is the object speeding up or slowing down? ANSWER:

## speeding up slowing down

Correct

Part C
Is the acceleration of the object positive or negative? ANSWER: negative positive

Correct

## Now consider the time interval from D to E.

Part D
Is the object moving in the positive or negative direction? ANSWER: in the positive direction in the negative direction

Correct

Part E
Is the object speeding up or slowing down? ANSWER: speeding up slowing down

Correct

Part F
Is the acceleration of the object positive or negative? ANSWER: positive negative

Correct

Part G
Finally, answer these same three questions for the time interval from C to D. ANSWER: 3693 Character(s) remaining In the time interval from C to D; the object is not moving.In fact, the acceleration of the object is zero.

Problem 2.5
A rolling ball moves from = 3.2 to = -4.8 during the time from = 3.2 to = 7.0 .

Part A

Correct

Problem 2.7
You are driving home from school steadily at 93 for 150 . It then begins to rain and you slow to 65 . You arrive home after driving 3 hours and 40 minutes.

Part A

Correct

Part B

Correct

Problem 2.15
A bowling ball traveling with constant speed hits the pins at the end of a bowling lane 16.5 long. The bowler hears the sound of the ball hitting the pins 2.40 after the ball is released from his hands.

Part A
What is the speed of the ball? The speed of sound is 340 ANSWER: .

= 7.02

Correct

Problem 2.47
A stone is thrown vertically upward with a speed of 12.8 figure). from the edge of a cliff 65.4 high (see the

Part A
How much later does it reach the bottom of the cliff? ANSWER: = 5.19

Part B
What is its speed just before hitting? ANSWER: = 38.0

Part C
What total distance did it travel? ANSWER: = 82.1

Correct

Problem 2.69
A stone is dropped from the roof of a high building. A second stone is dropped 1.94 later.

Part A
How far apart are the stones when the second one has reached a speed of 10.1 ANSWER: = 38.0 ?

Problem 2.81
A fast-food restaurant uses a conveyor belt to send the burgers through a grilling machine.

Part A
If the grilling machine is 1.4 conveyor belt travel? Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: = 0.67 long and the burgers require 2.1 to cook, how fast must the

Correct

Part B

)?