Você está na página 1de 336

_

""

,

!

" ^
4-

* - *
2003

32.973.26-018.2.75

41
681.3.07

""
. ..
5. .
..
"" :
info@dialektika.com, http://www.dialektika.com

, , .

41

"", 4- . : . . . :
"", 2003. 320 . : . . . .
ISBN 5-8459-0458-7 (.)
, 160 , , .
, , . , ,
. ,
.

, . ,

, .
.
32.973.26-018.2.75

.

, , ,
Wiley Publishing, Inc.
Copyright 2003 by Dialektika Computer Publishing.
Original English language edition Copyright 2002 by Wiley Publishing, Inc.
All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. This translation published by arrangement with Wiley Publishing, Inc.

ISBN 5-8459-0458-7 (.)


ISBN 0-7645-1664-7 (.)

- "", 2003
Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2002

I.
1.
2.
3.
4.

II. , !

12

17
19
29
49
75

97

5.
6.

99
123

III.

141

7.
8. ?
9.

143
160
182

IV.

205

10.
11. , ,
12.

V.
13.
14.
15. Internet
.

207
235
258

287
289
294
299
303
308

" "?

I.
II. , !
111.
IV.
V.
,

I.
1.
? !
, ?
?

?

11
12
13
13
14
14
14
15
15
15
16
16

17
19
19
24
25
27
27
28

2.

:

,
?
,

...
?
, , !


ISO
RGB, CMYK

29
29
30
32
32

3.
Macintosh Windows ?
?

49
50
50
53

35
36
37
38
40
41
42
42
44
45
46


LCD

? ?







?



!
Action
,

!

54
57
58
60
61
61
63
63
64
65
65
67
68
69
69
69
71
71
74
74

4.


CompactFlash SmartMedia






75
75
76
78
79
84
88
88
91
93
95

II. , !

97

5.


!


ISO






, ?




99
99
103
104
105
106
106
108
109
110
113
115
117
118
119
119
119
120
121

6.

123
123






( )




""

III.

130
131
131
134
139

141

7.



TWAIN




JPEG
EXIF
TIFF

143
143
144
145
147
147
148
149
151
151
153
153

157

RAW
Photo CD
FlashPix
GIF
PNG
BMP
PICT
EPS

124
125
126
127

154
155
155
155
156
156
156
157

8. ?





?
?





!

160
160
161
162
162
163
164
165
166
173
173
175
176
178
180

9.

,

182
182
184
184
186


Internet
Web-
: JPEG GIF?
GIF: 256
JPEG:

IV.

187
188
188
190
192
199
201

205

10.


!


( )









?
- !

207
207
208
210
211
214
215
218
218
221
224
225
226
226
227
228
231
233

11. , ,


Elements



,
: , ,



235
235
236
237
243
244
245
248
248
249
251
252
252
254
256

12.




Fill


Elements

258
258
260
265
270
272
273
274
277
283
285

V.

10

287

13.
!


!




, !

289

14.
Web-

"-"





,

294
295
295
295
296
296
297
297
298
298
298

15. Internet
www.dpreview.com
www.imaging-resource.com
www.megapixel.net
www.pcphotomag.com
www.pcphotoreview.com
www.peimag.com
www.shutterbug.net
rec.photo.digital
comp.periphs.printers
Web- -

299
299
300
300
300
300
300
301
301
301
301

303

308

290
290
291
291
291
292
292
293

(Julie Adair King)


"", Adobe PhotoDeluxe 4.0
For Dummies Microsoft PholoDraw 2000 For Dummies.
, , ,
WordPerfect Office 2002 For Dummies, WordPerfect Suite 8 For Dummies WordPerfect Suite 7
For Dummies.

. , , ,
. , , , . .

, , .
.
Canon USA, Inc.
Casio, Inc.
Cloud Dome, Inc.
Eastman Kodak Company
Epson America, Inc.
Fujifilm U.S.A., Inc.
Hewlett-Packard
Kaidan Incorporated.
Lexar Media
Microtech International
Minolta Corporation
Nikon Inc.
Olympus America Inc.
Sony Electronics Inc.
Wacom Technology

, (Alfred DeBat), (Andrea
Boucher), (Laura Moss), (Megan Decraene)
Wiley Publishing. ,
(Steve Hayes) (Diane Steele) .


1840 , ,
, ,
.
, - , ,
. , , , . , , ,
.
, 160 , . ,
, . ,

, .
, . , . ,
, ,
, .
(,
),
.
, ,
. ,
, ,
. , ,
.
, .
, , ,
Web- Internet.
,

, . , .
?

12

. tcHUia
,
, .
, 100 ,

, , .
.
,
. - ,
, ,
CCD, , JPEG .. -
, . , , , : " CCD 60 CompactFlash
8 JPEG", ,
.
, . .
, , ,
. , . ,
.

Hauqetfie
,
Internet.
,
, .
, .
, , , , , .

Adobe Photoshop Elements. ,
- , ,
. ,
, , , , . , ,
, .
,
, .

13

, , , , Windows Macintosh,
, . , , ...
"" .
Macintosh , ,
, , ,
Windows, . ,
, Windows,
Macintosh.
, , ,
.

I.
I . ,
, , . 3 ,
, , 4 ,
.

II. , !
? ,
, ?
, .
5 , , . 6 , ""
, , ,
. ,
,
, , , .

III.
,
. ,
.
7 , . 8
,
. , , 9 , , ,
Web- .

14

IV.
IV .
10 .
, , 5 6, . , ,
10 , , .
11 , , ,
. , , . 12 ,
, .
, . , ... "".

V.
. 13 ,
. 14
. 15 Internet,
. , V ,
.

/, >31/,1
... "", .
, .
,
Adobe Photoshop
Elements. ,
. , , ,
.
, ,
Elements 1.0, (Elements 2.0),
.
, ,
' , .

15

,
, , .
, ,
.
, , .

.
jJ^tv

, .
, ,
.


, . , , ,
. , Cut Edit,
" EditoCut".
, . " <Ctrl+A>", , <Ctrl>,
<> . , , Windows, Macintosh ( - ).

n[iO4,uinatnb
. , , , . , .
,
, , - .
, - ,
, .
, , .
,
- .
, , - , . , ,
, . , . , ,
, .
, . ,
.
.

16

/3
, ,
, - , .
, ,
.
: ,
; . , , , - , , ,
.
.
, , . ! , 2
. 3 , ,
. 4
,
, i^: i
, , . , , , ? , ,
!


1& ...
>
>
>
>
>

A jf . ,
4^1(|/ ,
.
,
, .
, , , , .
, , ,
. , , ,
,
. ,
, " ". , -,
.
, , , , . , , - "", . ,
,
.

? /
. 1.1, .
( .) , , .
-
, , Adobe Photoshop Corel PHOTO-PAINT.

1.

19

-
.
, , , (.. ), , . ,
,
( , )
,
.

. 1.1. : Fujifilm FinePix 601 Zoom, Olympus


D-520 Zoom, Sony DSC-F707 Cyber-shot, Nikon Coolpix 2500 Minolta Dimage X
, "",
. ,
, , ,
, . . ( 2.)
- . . ,
, , , , ,
. , , ! , , .
.

20

I.

2),
?

, .
,
.
'

.
, ,
. .
.
, ,
.

' . 1.2 1.3.


. , ,
,
.
, - .
'
.
, ,
, . . 1.3.

:.

. 12.

1.

21

. 1.3. ,

- , ,
,
, " ". ,
. , , ,
. ,
,
- , , ,
.
,
, . . , ,
.
.
, , , , . , , ,
Internet , . , , . .
, ,
. , ?
, , ,
,
. , , ,

22

I.

.
, , .
, ,
.
S , -
Web- . 9 .
S . , ,
, ,

. , . 1.4.
X Microsoft .

*^J 0* & Jtew Jnsert Fg

D ? a a ~:;

Ariai

Tods

.Prompt,

- 10

^
- -3

'"

1 Inventoryl Item

Description

Date Bought

Cost

Toucan pitcher,
made In Japan

7/1

$7.50

. Tielsch vase,
brown ground
w/pink roses

4/28/98

(40.00

Date Sold

10/48

Price

$25.00

3I
4

'< VLM\5heet 1 /Sheet? /53 / '

Jil

Ready

. 1.4. ,

it ^ . ,
, .
, , , . 12.3 .
, , , , .. . 1.5

1.

23


Adobe PhotoDeluxe, . .
Home Edition - lllnlitlc.l ;>|

3 0

* Setecl lods Qnentatran

See fludy Effects Yiew WWov Help


1 Choose Sen

Cards & *
My Photos

Open

Othr

SctriTHrf

lnt*rnt

| I }
Open Photos

OPEN HOUSE
123Anynarne Street
Anyplace
Sunday, May 21
2:00-6:00 cm

. 1.5. , Adobe PhotoDeluxe,


/ , ,
, Kodak, Epson, Hewlett-Packard . ,
,
Internet.
,
. , , .

, 3ttio

. , .

24

I.

,
.
S ,
, , " "
" ".
, , ,
.
S
,
. , ,
. , .
S
, , ,
. , . , , , .
S ,
. , .
S . . ,
-,
.
*/ , , ,
.
,
. ,
, ,
. .
, ,
, .

ftacacajfcufne
,
, .
, .

1.

25

' , . , , ,
. ,
, , . ,
Web- . ( 2.)
' " ",
,
.
. ,
" "
, . .
' , ,
" " . .
' ,
"
". , , , . 6.
' ,
. ,
.
, , , , .
, Kodak Brownie.
, , ,
, .
, . ,
, ,
. -
"" - .
, , ,
, .
, , .
, .
,

26

I.

, . , ,
.

& CIHOUIH?
, ,
, . ,
. , , . ( ,
.)
. , . ,
, .
, . .
,
. , ,
, .


(
2000 ) ,
.

. ,
Web- .
,
.
, , , , ,
, . ,
, , ,
, . 3 , , .



, .
, -
, .

1.

27

.
, ,
. , , 64
.
64 ,
,
. 2-
(
8x10 ), 64 .
,
.
,
. , .
, , , .


, ,
, , . , 64 , .
.
. , ,
150 500 , .
,
, . , ,
, . , , , ,
.
,
, ,
, , . , , , .
, .
, , .
,
, .
- , 3, 4 8 , .
, .

28

I.


& ...
>

>
>
>

>
> ,
>

>

^ , f \* .
,
, , , . , ,
, .
,
, .
, . ,

.

fHOio ^ euqutfie tc
tca/tfne
,
, . , , ,
, .
,
.
, , , -
" ".

2.

29

: CCD (charge-coupled device), , CMOS (complementary metal-oxide semiconductor)


- . ( , .)
CCD CMOS , 3, . ,
,
. , .
,
, .
, , .
, , ,
.
,
. , , CCD, .

. 3, 4 7 , , .

CetcfietH
, , . , ? , , .
, ( ) ,
, : , .
(), . . "" , "" , "" . ,
, ,
.
,
,
, .
. , , , .
, .
, , .. . ,
, .

30

I.

RGB

. 2.1. RGB ( ) - . . 2.7


, ,
.
. -

2.

31

.
.
, , RGB red (), green () blue ().
, , .
( ),
Adobe Photoshop,
. . 2.1 . 2.1 ,
, . ,
,
, . ,
.
. , . 2.1
- , ,
, .
,
. , ,
.
, , . , , RGB ,
. , , CMYK, , cyan (),
magenta (), yellow () black (). ,
"RGB, CMYK ".
,
, , -
. , ,
RGB, , .

, ,
. , , ,
, .
, !

:
- ?
, . ,

32

I.

, .
, , . , , .
, , , .
, , .
(pixel) picture element .
, (. 2.2).
, "" , .

BABY

KODAK

. 2.2.
, ,
(image size). - ,
, .. ,
, , . , ,
,
, .
,
.

2.

33

, 640 480 .
,
, ,
. ( 6.)


, , (ppi). , ,
. ( , , 8.)
,
, . 2.3-2.5. 300 ppi,
150 ppi, 75 ppi. . 2.2 .

. 2.3. 300 ppi



, , . , 75 ppi , 75 75
, .. 5625 .
75 ppi, . 2.5,
, ?
75 . 75 , , 150 300 . , ,
. , , , ,
,
.

34

I.

. 2.4. 150 ppi

. 2.5. 75 ppi
, . 2.3-2.5,
, . . . 2.5
, . 2.4, 75 ppi , 150 ppi. , . 2.4, 150 ppi, ,
300 ppi, . 2.5.

,
, , ,
. , ,
.
640x480, 800x600 1024x768 .

2.

35

, , . (
, )
, , .
.
(ppi),
. ,
640x480 , , 640x480 .
, ,
,
, . ( " ..." .
9 , .)

?

-, ,
.
/ Internet
, . ,
, ,
, . 640x480 .
/ , ,
200-300 ppi.
, . , , , 8 .
,
, ,
, . , , .
, , 1280 960 .
300 ppi, 1280 300, ,
(
4,25 ). , 960

36

I.

300 3,25 . , 300 ppi 4,25x3,25 ( 11 *8 ).


,
, , 300 ppi
, .
. , 300 ppi, .
, , , ,
, , .
,
. .
, ,
, ,
. Web-,
.
.
, "
".

,
,
. , . 2.2 1110 725 ,
804 750 . 2,3 .
.
, , 790 .
75 ppi, 278 , 181 , 50318 . 153 , 55 .
, . , , ,
, .
Web- , , .

Web-, . ,
( ), . 8,
9.

2.

37



,
,
. ,
/, 72 ppi 300 ppi.
,
, .
.

()

(.. , ) . .
, , , .
, , : ,
, ? , ,
. (. 2.6).

. 2.6. 75 ppi 300 ppi

, , . 2.5,
75 ppi, Adobe Photoshop,

38

I.

, 300 ppi.
, 300 ppi (. 2.3),
, .
10 \5 ,
. , , , , .
,
Web-, . ,
,
. 25 , .
9, .



, .
, ,
, .
, , .
, , 4x3
150 ppi. 8x6
75 ppi. , , ,
(. "
"). ,
2x1,5 , 300 ppi,
.
8, .
. ,
, ,
. , . , . - . , ,
- .

2.

39

...

, ,
. .
, , . , - , .
S

. (resolution) , . , , , 640x480 , ,
, 1,3 .
, , . .
, , , , ( , ,
, " ?").
VGA (VGA
resolution) 640x480 , XGA (XGA resolution)
1024x768 , (megapixel
resolution) ,
.

/ .
,
. ,
: 640x480 ( VGA), 800x600 1024x768 (XGA).
.
,
, 9.
^ . ,
. , ,
600 .
,
, "" . (interpolated enhanced resolution),
() .
,
" ()".
: .

40

I.

. ,
(dots per inch), dpi. :
, dpi , .
, dpi,
. , dpi (
8). , .
300 dpi
, 600 dpi.
( ) dpi ppi, , , .
.
.
,
.
8.

?
? , . , ,
.
S , ( )
(ppi). , 600 ,
, 300 ppi.
J 200 300 ppi. 8.
^ ,
, .
9.
S
.
. , ,
,
, . .
*/
, . -,
. ,

2.

41

, . , , 8.
, ,
,
. , . , , , ,
. , , ,
Web-, , .
6.
, . , . ,
, , . Web-, . , ,
, ,
, , , ..
. , , (
), 9, .

1, , /
, ,
. ,
. , ', .
, ,
" ",
.
, .
, , , , , , (ISO).
.


, , , .
, -

42

I.

, ,
.
. 2.7 . -, , . , , . . ( , ,
" ".)

. 2.7.
, , : , (
), . , (),
. , . , ,
, ( );
, ( ).
,
f- (f-stops). f/1.4, f/2, f/2.8,
f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/11, f/16 f/22.
,
, .
, . , f/11 , f/16. . 2.8.
, ,
. , 1/8, ,
. ,

2.

43

"" .
. . , -, , 1/500.

(716

f/4

f/11

f/2.8

f/8

f/2

f/5.6

. 2.8. ,

, , , . ,
,
( ). , ( ) .


,
. -.

44

I.

, , . , ,
, .
, , , . ,
, , , . 2.8. , , ,
.
, .
, .

ISO
ISO. ,
,
.
, , ISO:
100, 200 400. , , , , . ,
. , ,
( ). , ,
, .. .

ISO. ,
. , ,
, .
, , ISO 100.
, ,
.
ISO 100, ,
- ( , " ").
.
ISO. , ISO
. , "",
, . ,
, ISO.
ISO
, .
, , 5.

2.

45

RGB, CMYK
, " ", , , RGB,
, , . , , , .
RGB , , , .
, , ,
.
RGB. , RGB , (red, green, blue). RGB (.. ) , ,
.
sRGB. RGB, sRGB
, , , . , , , . RGB
, , RGB , , , . sRGB
, Web- . sRGB
- . , , ;
,
. , ,
RGB sRGB. , Photoshop , , RGB sRGB
, , , , .
CMVK. ,
,
.
, ,
, , (cyan, magenta,
yellow, black). CMYK ( ,
black blue ).
, ,
CMYK. ( 8.)

46

I.

(Bit depth). ,
, , 24 .
,
. ,
.
(bit) binary digit
, .. , , .
,
. ,
.
8- 256 (28=256);
16- 32 000 ;
24- 16 .
""
, .
, , ,
.
(Indexed color). ,
, , , (. ). , Web, 8 (256 ). Internet , GIF, 256 .
!
, , (index), , . 9; . 9.1 , 24-
8- .
(Grayscale). - . , . (
) -,
, .
- (line art).
, (Ansel Adams),
,
, .

. 12 ,
,

2.

47

(-), ,
. 12.4 .


, .
,

,
.
CIE Lab, HSB HSL.
.
,
. CIE Lab
. , .
HSB HSL ,
(hue), (saturation) (brightness
HSB) (lightness HSL).
, ,
,
.

. - , CIE Lab. .

48

I.


> Macintosh Windows
>
> ""
>
>
>
>
> ,

^ f \* , , . , , Kodak, Olympus, Nikon Fujifilm, , Hewlett-Packard, Sony Casio, , .


, . ,
. , , , .
, , , .
, ,
. , , .
, . , , . , ,
, - .
, ,
, ,
. ,
.
.

3.

49

Macintosh Windows
[?
. ( , ) Macintosh, Windows. ,
, , . ,
,
, . ,
,
. ( ,
" ".)
, , Macintosh,
, Intel , .
, , , (
Macintosh , Windows).
7,
4.
, Intel- ,
Pentium II . Windows 95
, USB (Universal
Serial Bus), Windows 95, USB. ,
.
USB 7.

fiasfieutefiue

2, , ,
, . .
, , .
VGA (640x480 ),

.
. 2-
, , 3-
..
? 2, ,
. , .

50

I.

*/

VGA (640x480 ). , , , Web-


, VGA, 50 . ,
, . , , 2.

S . ,
, ,
. 100
. , .
S . ,
. 2
5x7 (13x18 )
8x10 (18x24 ).
, , 200 .

^^
(^ )

S . ,
8x10 , 3- , 400 .
, ,
,
,
, . , , .
' .
,
4 .
500 , . ,
, .

,
, , . ( 4.) , ,
1 3 ,
.
-1

, ,

,
. ,
,
.

3.

51

, :
640x480 1024x768 .
, . , (.. )
.
. ,
( ,
, ),
, , . , ""
, , , .
.
. ,
(compress)
,
. ,
. , , . , ,
, ,
.
. ,
, ( )
. , , ,
. . ,
,
, .

CCD CMOS
, ,
: CCD (charge-coupled device ) CMOS
( "").
CCD , ,
CMOS, .
; CMOS, .
, CMOS ,
. CMOS , CCD, j
.
. <
CMOS , , , - I
, . j
, CCD, - ]
, CMOS .
CCD.
CMOS, ,
.

52

I.


,
, .
.
, ,
JPEG.
JPEG ,
. Joint Photographic Experts Group , .
JPEG, ,
.
, . , JPEG , . JPEG
. ,
.
, JPEG , ( ) ,
. 2.2 , , . 3.1 .
. 3.1 300 ppi, JPEG. -
. 3.1.

!'

. 3.1. JPEG 1,


. 3.1
, .
2,4 900 , .

3.

53

, . , - .
.
47 , . , ,
.
, . . - , .
, , ? . -,
(. . 3.1 ). -, ,
. , Web-.
, , ,
, ,
. ,
. , .
, ,

Good (), Better () Best (). , , ,


. ,
, .

, ,
, . ( , ). , ,
.
. . ,
,
. . 3.2 , .
, , . 3.3. -- Sony, Memory Stick, . SmartMedia,
CompactFlash, . ,
, , Secure
Digital (SD).

54

I.

. 3.2.
, , ,
CompactFlash
Mini CD

1156MB 1

*-,'

-jv

I"

ffi

^ m Mavica IP

../

Secure Digital

Stnartmedia
Memory Stick

Compactflash

. 3.3.

3.

55

, , . ,
,
, .
' ,
. , .
'
, .
, , ,
. , ,
.
'
. , .
, .
, , ""
. , .
,
.
S . , ,
1,5 . , , , . ,
, 100. 4
, .
S , ,
, . ,
, , , .
, .
, , 4,
,
. ,
- ,
(, , -), , .
.
, " " (maximum storage capacity), ,

56

I.

.
,
, . ,
, , ,
, ,
.


(LCD liquid-crystal
display). , .
, , . . 3.4 , -
Minolta.

. 3.4. , -
,
. - ,
. , , .
.
- ,
. , -,
, , . -

3.

57

, , "" , 5.
, -,
( ),
-. ,
) 1 , ,
- , , ,
, , . , , -
, .
, ,
. , -, .
,
, .
. ,
,
,
, -, . , ""
, "",
.

/ &
.
"", .
, ,
.
.
S Webcams. "Webcams",
30 ,
Internet. , , .
,
, Internet.
, ,
, , .
Webcams (, Kodak EZ200 . 3.5)
. , ,

58

I.

, . , ,
, -
. , Webcams, , 120 .

. 3.5. Kodak EZ200 Webcams,


. - , . ,
, ,
.
,
, , , , - . , ,
.
.
, . , Olympus, . 3.6, 2- , , Polaroid.
, ,
- Internet , .

3.

59

. 3.6. Olympus Camedia C-211 Zoom


,
Polaroid
, ,
, ,
. Olympus, ,
, , . , ,
, .

,
, .
, ,
.
. , ,
, ,
. ,
, 5. , , , .

60

I.

.
, ,
. ,
, , : automatic ( , ), fill flash ( ) flash
( ). ,
,
.
S red-eye reduction mode (
" "). ,
,
, .
11.
: slow sync mode external flash mode , , . ,
.
/


, , . , .

5.

OntHUica
,
, , . ,
.
, , , , CCD CMOS
. ,
.


.
. ( CCD CMOS). , .

3.

61

.
, .
' ,
.
' . "" , . ,
.
' . , , , , .
' " " 35 .
""
. , .
' , , . , .
' ,
, . , , .. .
(), . , 38110 , : 38, 50, 70
.. (38 /70 )
.
^ ,
. 3.2 .
, .
Nikon 38115 ; - - 38 .
Olympus 36-100 ;
.
Casio 35 . , ,
Nikon, 1
24- .

_j|j\
J

62

1 */ ,
j
(.. ). 1
, 35-
. , ,
,
- . . ,
!

I.

, , "5 , 35-
35- ".
| / . ,
,
.
, , ,
, ,
. , 35- ( ) .
, , . 35 ,
, .
, ,
().
,
, . , , , .


,
"" .
, ,
. ( 6.)
, , ,
, .
.
, , . ,
, . ,
, , .
"" .
2, 6.


,
. ,
,
.

3.

63

. (macro mode) , (portrait)


, , (landscape
mode) .
, , . , . , ,
, . , -

, ,
, .

.
,
(focus lock). , , . : , " ", , , , "
" .
.
12 , 3 .., , . , Olympus E-20,
.

.
, . , (, , ), , . ,
, .
, , 5.


,
. . Nikon
, . 3.7.
. , , . , ,
,
, .

64

I.

. 3.7.
Coolpix Nikon ,


, , () . , , " " .
, , . ,
, . ,
, 6,
,
(. 6.1 ). , ,
, .
, - 35-
, - , ,
. ,
,
.

2,
. " ",
(programmed autoexposure),
.
, , , .
>^ (aperture-priority autoexposure)
, ,
, .
: ,

3.

65

.
.
S ,
, , , .
, , ,
, , . 5.
/ (shutter-priority autoexposure)
. , .
, ,
. , ,
. 6.
S (manual exposure), , , . , .
*/ EV- (EV compensation) , .
,
, . ,
, ,
, ""
.
5; . 5.3
, , EV- .
*/ (automatic bracketing)
" " ,
. , , , , . - ,
, -
, .
, ,
-
.
, . ,
, , ,

66

I.

. , , .
f

(metering modes) ,
. .

(spot metering) , .

- (center-weighted metering) ,
, .
(matrix metering multizone metering) , .
' , ,
, . . -
.
, , 5.
ISO
(). , ,
. ISO, ""
. ,
ISO
"" , . 5.2 .
ISO.

1 ufietfi
, -, - . , , , .
. 3.2 , .
, ,
,
, ,
, . , , , , , , .

3.

67

, , , , . ,
2 8, , . , ,
, -.
- ,

- ,
"" . , -.
, ,
. , .
, , , , ,
, . , , ,
. ,
, .

- ?
, . , . , , ... . ! ?! ? {
, , ... , .
, -
, . , , , . ;
,
, .
,
, . , .
, , .

2)<
, . ,
, .

68

I.


(video-out).
, .
? ,
,
. , 15- .
, , .
.
NTSC. NTSC National
Television Standards Committee . PAL.
NTSC PAL.
,
. , "Cheese!", .


. , , ,
, ,
. " ", ,
.
, " ", . . 3.8 Olympus E-20 , .

, ,
" ".
, .

!
,
, , , .
,
, .
.
S

Digita script. Digita script,


FlashPoint Technology
, , , ,
. , ,

3.

69

Digita script . "" Web- .

. 3.8. Olympus ,
" "
S

. , , , . ,
, ,
.

. ,
. , ,
. , , ,
, .
,
.
, ,

70

I.


.
. . , . ,

.
, , . , ,
, , . 8.

Action
,
. , . ,
Web- -, , .
(continuouscapture mode),
" ". , ,
, , .
, , .
- . , . 6 ( . 6.4),
.
, , ,
, 640x480.
, .
, "-"
, , , MPEG. - , , , .

,
, , ,
( ""), .
" ",
, .

3.

71

S . , , ,
, .
, -.
, ( ,
). NiCad, NiMH 3- ,
.
9- .
,
.
,
. , .
S

. , .
,
.

. , , , . ,
, .
?
, , ? , .

S . ,
, . ,
, , ( , , ).
.
, , (
).
S

72

. . ? " "? ?
-,

I.

? , , ?
,
, , .
. ? , ,
, ,
?
.
? ,
USB, ,
( IrDA).

" ".
,
,
.
, .
, ,

, .
,
" ",
, .
,
, , .
, , "" .
, USB
Windows 95. ,
IrDA .
IrDA IrDA, ,
. ,
,
.
,
, ,
Hewlett-Packard Hewlett-Packard.
. .
.

3.

73

50 ,
. , , 50
50 , , ,
.
. , , ,
.

nautHU

cfonoAHUtH&ibMfto

, , , . ""
.
, , . , , ,
, 2, ,
, .
Internet,
Web-, . 15 ,
Web- .
Web-, , , , , , . , , .
,
"". ( ), , , .

fHOMftco ,
.
, ,
, .
30 ,
. , , 30 ,
, , ,
, .
, , , . , ,
.

74

/.


& ...
>
>
> ( )
>*

>

>

>

"" ? ,
, , ,
, . ,
"" .
, ,
, .
, ,
. , , , ,
, .

, ,
, .
, , .

qfitfiue

, . , 8 .
, , 8 . ,

4.

75

, 8
.
? ,

. ( 3.) ,
.
, , .
, , . , . ,
, , . ,
, .
, ,
. , , , ,
.
, , ,
, .


.
- , , , . ( ,
, . 3.3, 3.)
, , "" , .. " ". , , . ,
, , .
S

. Digital Mavica
Sony .
,
. ,
1,5 .

/ PC-. , , PC-,
PCMCIA.
, . ,
, , I, II

76

I.

III . PC- 2 4 ,
.
CompactFlash.
PC-,
CompactFlash . : I II ( ). , II,
I, , .
8 1 .
50 1 .
, .
SmartMedia. , ,
CompactFlash. - 5,25- ,
.
SmartMedia SSFDC.
Solid State Floppy Disk Card ,
. ,
SSFDC, , , ,
SmartMedia.
CompactFlash, SmartMedia , 128 .
0,50 1 , , , .
SmartMedia 3,3
, 5 , , . , ,
. ,
.
Sony Memory Stick. Sony . Memory Stick 128 .
, CompactFlash
SmartMedia.
. , .
Secure Digital (SD). SD-
,
.
128 , 1 2 .
IBM Microdrive. IBM Microdrive, CompactFlash .
, CompactFlash, 340
1 . 200, 400 .

4.

77

Mini CD-R.
Mavica Sony
-. 3 ,
156 .
CD-R, CD-R, CD-RW. ( CD-R , - -, . ,
"CD-R CD-RW?") CD-R
2 5 . CD-RW .
, ,
. , , , , . ,
,
,
.

CompactFlash SmartMedia
CompactFlash SmartMedia
. ( , ),
, . , , .
S , , , . , , , ,
.
S ,
- . (
,
.)
/ .
S .
SmartMedia
.
CompactFlash .
S SmartMedia. , , -

, .
, .
, .
, , .
, , , .

78

I.

,
, , ,
. ,
. , ,
. ,
, , .

,!,&
.
,
,
.
20 .
,
USB (Universal Serial Bus), . USB,
Intel- , Macintosh, USB.
USB , . , 3,
USB . ,
USB, USB.
Windows 95,
USB- , Windows 95
USB.
, , Digital
Mavica Sony . . .
, CD Mavica - CD-R CD-RW, - . - , . . 4.1 CD Mavica.
, , , . , , ,
. , , , - .

4.

79

, 4.1 , Sony CD Mavica, - -


.
" . 60 , SmartMedia Memory Stick . . 4.2 ,
SmartMedia. SmartMedia
,
. ,
.

80

I.

FLOPPY DISK
ADAPTER

FD-A1

. 4.2, SmartMedia
PC Card. CompactFlash,
SmartMedia, Secure Digital Memory Stick
PC. IBM Microdrive.
. 4.3 PC Card CompactFlash.
,
PC Card PC ( ). ,
,
.

. 4.3. CompactFlash PC Card,


4.

81

CompactFlash
PC Card,
10 . ( CompactFlash
IBM Microdrive.) PC
Card SmartMedia, Memory Stick Secure Digital
40 .
.
.
,
, , , USB.
, "" ( ).

.

. 4.4. USB, Microtech USB CameraMate ( ) Lexar Media JumpShot


cable ( ),
, - , 25 , ,
, , , , Microtech
USB CameraMate ( 40
. 4.4). IBM Microdrive, CompactFlash
SmartMedia. (

82

I.

Memory Stick.) -
, ,
, . ,
, ,
.
, , , . ,
, . ,
, ,
. , .
( ) , Web- , .
USB Lexar Media JumpShot cable ( . 4.4)
USB- CompactFlash, Lexar Media. , , 20 , , , , ""
.
,
. USB-
, , , CompactFlash.
Lexar Media JumpShot cable
CompactFlash.
(Docking stations).
-, , , . , ,
USB. , , , .
. 4.5 Kodak , EasyShare. , Kodak . , ,
. , 80 .

4.

83

. 4.5. Kodak, ,
/ . ,
,
,
,
.
,
, ,

. , ,
, ,
,

. , , ( )
. , , ,
.
, , ,
, . ,
, , , .

84

I.

, ,
,
"" "", .
. , Maxtor, , , . Maxtor
40 200 .
, , .
, ,

. , ( ),
, . , .

,
. 7 ,
.
/ ( ). , iMac iBook Apple, . ,
. , 1,5
, .
,
.
/ , (super floppies). ,
, . Iomega Zip, 100
250 . Zip .
Zip ,
80 , , 150 , 250 . 100
10 ; 250
15 .
/ ,
. . 4.6 -
Hewlett-Packard. -

4.

85

100 , - 50
3 , . ( - "CD-R CD-RW?")

. 4.6. -

, ,
. , , -, , - . ,
, ,
.
, -.
, -
,
Zip. -, , - ,
, - . -, ( , ) ,
.
-, ,
. (
" ".)
- DVD-R DVD-RW, DVD
(digital video disc). -

86

I.

DVD? , . DVD
4,7 , - 650 .
DVD
-
, ,
, . DVD 500-600 ,
. , -
DVD, DVD,
, DVD,
. , , DVD
,
-.
.
, . , , , Zip , . , .
, -, . "" -.
- , ,
. , - CD-R,
CD-RW. CD-RW 30 .
( "CD-R CD-RW?")
, ,
. , ,
Zip. , ,
.
-, Zip
.
I CD-R CD-RW?
1 - -
! .
I -: CD-R CD-RW. R recordable, .. , a RW rewritable, .. , .
i CD-R, , .
j , , . , |: , . , CD-R ,
! . CD-R
| 50 . (, -

4.

87

, ,
CD- R .)
CD-RW - .
, , .
CD-RW , CD-R ( 2 ),
, , -;
Zip. CD-RW , , -, - , -, 30 .
CD-R CD-RW " CD-ROM. , -, , , CD-RW, | pax -.
,
I: . , CD-R
I - . ( , 1 , CD-RW ,
I .)
: , CD-RW
1 , \ CD-RW. , -,
| , CD-R, CD-R,
I CD-RW. , . !
CD-R
, CD-RW
; .

. ,
,
. , " " .


, , .
, , ..
, ,
. IV ,
.

, .
: . ,
.

88

/.


,
. Adobe PhotoDeluxe,
Ulead PhotoExpress, Microsoft Picture It! Jasc AfterShot. 50 .
.
,
, , . . 4.7
PhotoDeluxe .
"JArlnhe HhnloDeluxe Home Edition |llnWled-l|
JSlk Edit Setect loote Qwntetbn SfiB fiurftj. Effects View &indow
-.. .. . . = . ..,.,
*3!'d$ ^. ?

; ; ; : " - , :

v.J,yWi*J,_-, -'-*Styte '\ 3View

4Artd

Click Cfwo** Si It to f cird <'!^


1
" * chofc**- tbt y*t you
* out of * gjlltry. ^ ! ^
Choost

-ifllx;
5Ed

fiDone^,/

'\

styit

J Gl<5>]. "\ Si O\ T\ ) undoj

|.*

Open Photos \

[T>
".:. ' ' '

; ' '

- - ' '

[7"= 1 /';

!Lj

^'

Id
i

. IS

' '-'-

fr*

'

.''''" i

fl

Back

ID
!

, Inside

')*^''_
:;

io.ta x 6.48 tncMf (1*-** "

(123) ^6-7890

" '

- - . . . . - . .

. 4.7. ,
Adobe PhotoDeluxe, ,


, , -
, ,
. 15 Web-,
.


, , ,
, ,
,
.

4.

89

100 700 ,
, .
, ?
,
. , , . ,
,
.
, , , ,
.
,
dodge burn, "" , . ,
. , .

. 4.8. Photoshop Elements , 100


, . , ,
"" .
,
. ,

90

I.

, , ,
. , , .
, Adobe Photoshop (
600 ) Corel PHOTO-PAINT (480 ). ,
, ,
.
, Jasc Paint Shop Pro (109 ) Ulead
PhotoImpact (100 ). Adobe Photoshop Elements ( IV ), Photoshop, , .
Photoshop Elements . 4.8.


, , - .
.
& PrintStation Layout
Layout OpHon,

jDonntwn

Columns;

'

Rows

~ Diawgordets

Cdl Dimension
pnchl 3.84*3.28
(mm| 87.5x812
Dimension WKd..
Rotate fa bet
Growtoflcel

HP DeskJet 8 Series
(3)onLPT1:
Printer Setup...

ErinL.
7 pictures an 2 pages

. 4.9. Print Station PicMeta


^ , Print Station PicMeta ( 20 ),


. ,

4.

91

. , , Print Station, . 4.9,


.

, , .
7.
, . 6.
, , , , , , BrainsBreaker, . 4.10.
( 20 ) .

. 4.10. BrainsBreaker


, , , , . I , . , , ..

92

I.

; ,
[JPEG, EXIF (exchangeable image format ). | JPEG (EXIF).
:
: , EX1F,
-, PicMeta
Picture Information Extractor.
,
, .
,
, .
[ .
Picture Inloriiialmn Extractor 3.2 - Dniital Photofiratiliy for Durn
File

Edit

yiew

Extract

Transform

_j Flowers
_| DeptholField
_J ChristmasCactus
_J Sutmnet 2002
Jj Friends
_l Habitat
_J Hollidar Park
_lj HP Projects
_lj mages
_J Indianapolrs
_| Kodak Pictmet
' 1 Loursiana
_| MiniMoviet

1J

Help

U204261 054-00

020426-1055-44 jpa

020426-1054-13 jpg

020426-1054-36.jpg

020426-1 054-51 .ipS

020426110342 jpg

020426-1104-51 |pg

1)20426-1101 3-J|pg
Date: Fdaji.1(1pd26.2002
line: 11:01:33AM
Shutter 1/320sec.
1 8.0

Flash: No
. SHQ

ModTied: Fndai.. Apii . 2002


Tim: 11:01:32AM
Size: 3.832.748 Bytes

Dmensbn. 25SO1320(24BJ!
Image Tjpe: JPES He I'JPB; 'JPEG; -JFrf)

Make/ID: OLYMPUS OPTICAL ..


Model E-20i-20Nf-20P
Software: 23-1103

Brightness: n/a
ISO Speed: BO
Exposure Bas: 0.0
Exposure Pirjgiant Apeitue Piicrity
Metering Mode Matrix
Subject Distance: n/a

'43 Be (1521 MB)

,
, . , , , , .
. , , , (
, ).
, .

4.

93

, , , .
/ . -
, ,
.
. , 20 .
20 . , , , . , , , . , ,
.
(Alfred DeBat), , .
, . , .
,
, , ,
.
6.
S -.
- ,
.
, .
, Hoodman (www.hoodmanusa.com),
.
S . , ,
,
, .
, . 5 ,
.
S .
,
. , ,
. , , .
10 . ,
,

94

I.

. ,
,
. ,
.

,
.
,
. ,
, , ,
, ,
.
, , , , ,
. , Wacom (. 4.11),
. PS/2,
. , ,
. , ( IV).
. 4.11. , , Intuos Wacom

4.

95

700 ,
. 4x5 ( ,
. 4.11) 200 . , , ,
, .
,
, , . ,
" ", Wacom (www.wacom.com)
, 80 .
, ,
USB.

96

I.

RGB

Red ()

Green ()

Blue (]

2.1. RGB ,
.
.
, .
RGB

300 ppi, 2.4

2.2.
. 300 ppi (
), - 150 ppi,
75 ppi.
,
, ,

.
2 ,
( 75 ppi)
,
(
150 ppi), , ,
,
300 ppi

150 ppi, 595

75 ppi, 153

3.1.
JPEG

. JPEG
,
. 2.2,

. Maximum Quality ( )
( ). Medium Quality ( ) Low Qualify ( ), ,

.

Maximum Quality, 900

Medium Quality, 150

Low Quality, 47

Nikon, 38 mm

Olympus, 36 mm

Casio, 35 mm

Nikon, , 24 mm

ifes

; ; * i

.2. ,
-. ,
, . Olympus Nikon
;
. ,
Nikon

5.1.

" "
,


.

,
" ",

. ,

,

.

,

180200, , 1/160

ISO 400, , 1/320

5.2. ISO
, .
ISO ,

EV 0.0

5.3.

, . 0.0,
,
( ).
(EV)
( ),

( )

/-.

/-0.7

EV-1.0

EV +0.3

/+0.7

EV+1.0

Auto

Sunny

Incandescent

Fluorescent

Flash

Cloudy

6.1.

, ,
,
. ,
Nikon,
,


(
), (


),

.
Auto Flash

,
,
,
Auto Hash,


,


Fluorescent
Sunny

9.1. ,
, -
, 24-
()
8- (256 ) GIF (). -

10.1. () ;
(saturation) ,
,

10.2. ,
,
, .
( )
, .
_ , Photoshop
Elements Variations.

10.3. ()
, ( ).
,
Maximum, 4,08

Maximum, 4,08

Maximum, 4,08

Maximum, 4,08

10.4. Unsharp Mask, Amount,


. (
) Amount.
Radius 1.0, Threshold

Radius, 0.5; Threshold, 0

Radius, 2.0; Threshold, 0

Radius, 0.5; Threshold, 5

Radius, 2.0; Threshold, 5

Radius, 0.5; Threshold, 10

Radius, 2,0; Threshold, 10

10.5. Unsharp Mask Radius Threshold,


.
( 100, Rao/us
; Threshold ,

Tolerance, 10

Tolerance, 32

11.1. ,
Magic Wand Photoshop Elements,
. Tolerance
Magic Wand ,
. ,
. ( . 11.2 .) ,
Tolerance ,
,

11.2. , ,
, .
50% ,

Clone

11.3,
Ctone, , - ,

( ).
, ,

, . ,
,
. ,
""

,

Fill, Normal

Fill, Color

Hue, -83

12.1, , .
Fill Photoshop Elements, Normal,
, ( ). Color , ,
( ). , Fill Hue/Saturation. Hue 83
,

12.2. ,
. 12.3. ,

12.3. ,
, ,
. 12.2

12.4. ,
, . 12.3, . ,
- , Color
50%

Watercolor

Find Edges

Crystallize

Colored Pencil

Glowing Edges

12.5. , , .
, Photoshop Elements, ,

II
, !

" "

Web-
&!
HAWMO&e.

HI

,
...

tkvilMM...

! ,

& MOM .
... . ..

J31 &,...
, , . ,
" "
.

,
-. '
" ", , ,
.
5 ,
,
.
6 ,
,
,
.
" ,
", , , , .
, ,
, ,
.

& ...
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

1^ , , *^
- ., .
" ". . ,
. , , - .
, : , . , , . 6
, ,
.


, . 5.1. , .
, ,
. , , , .
. 5.2, . ? , .
, ,
.
, ""
"" .
,
" ". , .

5.

99

. 5.1.
-

. 5.2. ,

/ . ,
(
. 5.1).
(. 5.3) .
^ , ,
(. 5.4).
, , , .

100

II. , !

. 5.3. -

. 5.4. , ,

5.

101

" ". ,
, . 5.5.
. 5.5.
,

S . . 5.1.
.
, ,
. 5.2, .
S : ,
(. 5.6). , ,
, ,
,
. , "" ,
.
, .
^ , (. 5.7). , -
, ( ,
- ), , .
/ ( ). ,
, . . " ",

, ,
.

102

II. , !

I/
. 5.6. ,

. 5.7.

S .

"Cheese", . ,
,
, - -
. ,
.
, -
.

tcatc
. , ,
. , , , ,
, .
-
, .

,
, ,
. -

5.

103

, , ,
. , , , , .
, ,
. ,
. ,
(. 5.8).

. 5.8. -
,
, ,
.
,
, . , , . ( , .)
-, . , ,
, .
, ""
.

2) a

.
ISO 100. ( ISO
2.) , .
. ,

104

II. , !

, ,
- .
. 5.1 ,
. ,
, .
,
. ( ,
, .) ,
, , .
,
. , ,
.
,
. ,
,
() . ,
,
(), .

, . ( ,
2.)
(autoexposure),
(programmed autoexposure). ,
.
,
.
1. .
2. " " .

. (
.) ,
, , , .
, , , .
" " , , . ,
, .
3. " " , .
,

5.

105

.
,
.
,
.


(metering mode). , ,
. ,
, . .
*/

(Matrix metering).
( ) , .
, , .
.

- . ,
.
,
, , .

. , .
, , , ( ). -
(), ,
. ,
. 5.9
, -.
, , , , "".
,
. 5.9,
. , " ",
.

ISO
2,
ISO. , "" ,
, ,
.

106

II. , !

. 5.9. ( ) ( ) ,
.
( )
ISO, , , . "", ISO , .
, ISO, ,
. ( ISO) , ,
, . , , , , .
. 5.2 , .
, ISO .
, ISO:
200, 400, 800 1600. , , ISO ( , ),

5.

107

, ISO. , ,
ISO .
ISO . , . 5.2 ,
, ISO .
, ,
ISO, , , .
, . ISO, . , , ISO,
.
ISO . ( , ,
.)


, EV (exposure
value ),
, .
.
: +0.7; +0.3; 0.0; -0.3; -0.7 ., 0.0 .
EV , . , EV.

EV, . . 5.3 ,
EV Nikon ,
.

( EV 0.0).
EV, EV, . . 5.10
, - .
, . ,

, .
( 0.0) , ,
EV, .
-, , EV,
-0.3.

108

II. , !

EV-1.0

EVO.O

EV+1.0

. 5.70. EV,

, , , . , ,
. .


, , , , , (aperturepriority autoexposure) (shutter-priority autoexposure).
.
/ .
. ,
" ", ,
.

, .

(.. ,
). .
/

. , . (
, 2.)

5.

109

, , ,
, ,
, ? - ,
,
(
). , , .
, .
f/11 .
f/4 . ,
, ,
,
().
. ,
, .
, 1/300 .
,
, ,
. , .
, , ,
. .
I S
, EV (. ) .
S , , , .
S , , , .
S . , ,
.


, , , , ,
. , .
, ,
, . .
S (Auto flash). , ,
,
.

110

II. , !

(Fill flash). , , .
, , . 5.11.

. , ,
, .
, . ,
.

. 5.11. (), -
()
(No flash). , . ,
,
, . (, ), . , ,
(
) , , , .
, " ".
, ,
, .
. 5.12.
. , . .
,
, . , , -

5.

111

, . .
. 5.12. ,

/ ( Red-eye reduction).
, - ""
.
, . Red-eye
reduction
"",
. ,
, , -
"" .
, Red-eye reduction
, .

, , ? ,
, ,
"" , . Red-eye
reduction , .
, , , . , 11 12, ( , , , ).

112

II. , !

Slow-sync.
.
, ,
. , ,
, ,
, .
Slow-sync .

. .
, , .
,
.
, ,
, , .

,
,
"" .
,
, .
,
. , .

- !
| -,
i , . I , j
i . , - i
I -.
, - '
> , , . \
I ! . ,
i .


,
. - ,
, . , , .

5.

113

,
,
. , ,
, .
, , .
.

- . ,
, .
,
. .
, , . 5.13. , , .
.
. 5.13. , ,

, , . , .
, , .
,
. ,
, , .
,
, ?

114

II. , !


.
, .
( , ),
, , . 5.13, .
,
.
,
,
. 6.


, , ,
, ., . , , , ,
. 5.14. ,
.
, , , . 5.14.

. 5.14. ( ); , ( )

5.

115

, , .
-, . , . ,
.

. 5.15. Cloud Dome,


116

II. , !

, . , ,
,
.
, Cloud Dome,
. 5.15. , . . ,
. , , ,
, , .
Cloud Dome 275
(www.clouddome.com); , ,
. , , .


,
(, ). ,
, . . 5.16 .

. 5.16. , ( ). , ( )

5.

117

.
| ^ , , .
' . ,
. ,
, .

i
I S ,
EV. , ,
.

| */ , , , , .
I S , - . , .
' , , .
"" . ,
, " ",
, ,
" " , .
'

" " , ,
, . .

, . 5.16 ,
. , - ,
.
, . ,
.
10 11.

, ?
, , .
.
, .
( ) ,
, , EV.

118

II. , !

, , . ,
. , .

HactHfioufca

, , , .
.


, . ,
, . , , .
focus-free
( ). , , . , ,
, ,
,
.
, , .
, ,
. ( , .)


, , . . , "" , . .
1. .
2. " " .
.
, .
, ,
. ( ).
3. " " , .

5.

119

,
, , . .
.
. , ,
.
.
.
,
, ,
. ,
, .
,
(
).
, ,
. . ,
. ( "
"" " .)
, . , " ".
, , ,
.
.
(macro mode),
, (landscape mode),
.
, , .
.



, . , ,
.
.

120

II. , !

(
), ,
.

, .
, . .
,
. - ,
,
.

!
. .
,
,
. ,
, .
, .
s , ,
.
/ " ". ,
.
/>. , . , . 20 .
S , ,
- . (
), " " ( , ).
. .
, , .

/ tcaqfie
, , , . , . ,
, .

5.

121

. 5.17 , .
.
f3.4, f 11.

f/3.4

. 5.17. f3.4 ( ) ,
f11 ( )
, ,
, , . , . (, .)
, ,
, ,
, .
, . 5.17, - . , ,
6.

, ,
( , , 10).

122

II. , !


. . .
>
>
>
>

>
>
>
>

" "
, ,
.
,
. ,
.


, . , , (ppi).
. ( 2.)
640x480, ,
.
, : Basic, Fine,
Superfine ..
,
. , ,
.
, .
Internet
, 640x480 320x240 . , , ,
(
), .

6.

123

, , : 640x480, 1024x768 1600x1200. ,


300 . , 300 ppi,
2 1,6 . 1024x768 3,4x2,5 . 1600x1200
5x4 . ( ;
.)
, ( ), . ,
, , , .
,
.

. , ,
"
". , 640x480 . , ,
ISO ( ISO 2).


, , , . 3, , ,
, .
, . ,
, , . , . , .
,
. 3.1 .
, : , Good/Better/Best (//) High/Normal/
Basic (//). , , ,
, . Best (), , ,
Good (). , ,
.

124

. , !

, , ,
. , , ,
. , ,
.
,
. , .
, ,
, . .
, .


, JPEG, TIFF - . ( 7.) , ,
, .
.
1 ^ ,
, .
' , .
, .
. , , .
' .
.
? , , ? ,
, .
' , , , . , , TIFF JPEG, . ,
TIFF, ,
, JPEG.
f

,
( JPEG TIFF), .
? ,
. , ,

6.

125

, ,
.

, , ( ). , -
,
,
.

FlashPix. , . , FlashPix, ,
. , ,
, .

, , ,
, .
, , .
5500 , 5500 ( 5500 ,
5500).
, , ,
. , , .
,
.
, ,
, . ,
, ,
. , .
.
. ? ,
.
,

126

II. , !

, ,
.
, :
Daylight ( ) Sunny ()
;
Cloudy () ;
Fluorescent ( ) ;
Tungsten () , , ;
Flash () .
. 6.1 ,
.
Nikon. , ,
, . "
", .
, ,
. ( ) ,
. ,
.
.
,
Flash ( , Auto Flash,
). Flash ,
. ,
Fluorescent. Sunny.

, ,
. . 6.1
, ,
.
,
, .

,
, , .
10.

, , ,
.
, ,

6,

127

.
, , .
, .

, , . , . , .
11,
, . , , ,
.
?
, . , , , .
, .
(. 6.1),
. ,
. , .

. 6.1. ,
,
11,
, , ,

128

II. , !

(. 6.2). ,
, . 6.2. , .

. 6.2. ,
, ,
. 12.2 . ,
,
.
, , , (. . 6.2). , , .
( 2.)
, , , , . ,


( . 11 .2 ).

<$ notnefiu
,
,
.

6.

129

, ..
,
. , ,
. .

( )
,
.
| S ,
"". 5, , , , , ,
.
, , , -. , ( , ).

. 6.3. ( )
, ,
( )

130

II. , !

S
,
; . 6.3.
.
*/
, ,
. , - , . , ,
, , , .
,
, , . ,
, , , .
, .
*/ ,
, 5.


, . , , .
, , .
, .
,
, .
, , . ,
,
( ).
,
, ? , , , , .
, . , ,
.
.


. 2, .

6.

131

fer**

. 6.4.
.
,
,
, "" , .. .
, , ( ), .
, , .

132

II. , !

,
" " . , " " .
,
" " , . , . 6.4, Kodak.
, , , , .
, . 6.4, ,
.
,
( ).
.
, ,
. , ,
. 6.4,
, !
- ,
, ,
.
" ", .. ,
.
S . " "
,
( ). , ,
,
. ,
, .
- , 5.
/ .
" " . , "" ,
" " ,
. , ,

.
S . ,

, .
, ,
(. 5). , , ,

6.

133

- . , , - .
(
). . , . , ,
. , , , , , "" . 5.

S . ,
. ,
.
" ", -, . ,
, .
, . , .
.
,
,
.
, "" ,
, , . , -.

,
, . , , , .
. ,
. , , . . 6.5
, , . 6.6.

134

II. , !

. 6.5. , . 6.6

. 6.6.
,
, . ,
, "".

, . ,
,
, , Photoshop Elements (. 6.7). , ArcSoft Panorama Maker ( 30 ,
w w w . a r c s o f t . c o m ) Photovista Panorama MGI Software ( 50 ,
www.mgisof t. com).
, . , , .
.
S ,
. ,
, , , , , , .
S
30 . ,
. ,
,

6.

135

. ,
- ,
.
, , ,
.

. 6.7. Photoshop Elements ,



^ , , , . , ,
. ,
. ,
.
S .
, .
,
.
*/ . , - ,
.

136

II. , !

, ,
. ,
.

. 6.8. , KiWi+ Kaidan,


S
, ,
. , , .

6.

137

, , . , ,
,
. ,
. , ,
.
/ ,
.
, ,
!

,
, , KiWi+ Panoramic Tripod Head
Kaidan, . 6.8.
,
. 300 (www.
kaidan. com).
,
, " "
. , Kaidan , 1 000 .


,
, ,
, .
. . ,
,
.
. ,
. ,
. ( 2 ,
.)
. , , (. 6.9).
" ISO ( ). ,
ISO, .
5.

138

II. , !

. 6.9.
""

,1 qetcunb
: ", , "? -
, .
, , ,
, .
.
, , (
).
, ,
,
. ,

. ,
,
.
.
, , , .
, -
, , .

6.

139

, , . , ,
( ), ,
, .
/ ( ).
, ,
. , 30 - .
, . ,
, . , ! !

, ,
. , - , , . ,
.
, .
S

-.
-
, , - . , -, , - ,
.
, -
( ). , , ,
.

.
, . , , , . 5.

140

II. , !

III

! ! Wi-b
HAiuiCi KAUHMKU.
V\pOMHM HiMHOW bWU*t...

ilM,i

/3 & .....
' ; 1
, ,
^ ; ,
, ,
, .
1 ,
, , - . ?
/ ^ ; .
| ^15;
{; , . 9

( Internet,
..), .
, ,
.
'

'"

,::' 1


& . . .
>
>

>
>
>

, . ,
, , , , .
, ,
,
. , , , , - .
, ,
.
, , , : , . , .

. -
,
, .
, , , . , , , . , ,
.

. ? .
.

7.

143

, , , (downloading).


,
. , .
, .
S

.
,
.
, .
,
CompactFlash, SmartMedia, Memory Stick ,
. - . (
4.)

.
, ""
.

, ,
. , , ,
. , USB, .

USB .

.
( IrDA),
.
. ,
IrDA.
, IrDA Infrared Data Association, , , .
, IrDA

144

III.

, IrDA.
IrDA, , .
(
, ),


, . , .

, IrDA
IrDA .
IrDA . .
IrDA -, , .
, .
.
8.
, ,
,
. (, TIFF
JPEG),
. , ""
. ,
, . (
.)


. , , , ,
. . ( ,
, ,
.
4.)

7.

145

, ,
. -, .
, .
,
.
, , , . , , .
2. USB,
.
, , .
, ,
.
3. .

, . , Macintosh
(. 7.1, ). Intel-
,
(. 7.1, ).
. 7.1. Macintosh
, Intel- (PC)

Intel-

146

III.

USB . ,
USB .
, , Windows 95,
, Windows 95
, USB. ,
, Windows,
.
4. , .
5. , .
,
PC ( ).
, .
6. .
7. .
, , .

TWAIN
, -,
, TWAIN. TWAIN , . , TWAIN Technology Without An Interesting Name (
). !
TWAIN , . , .

TWAIN-, .. TWAIN.
,
. , File () -
Acquire () Import (). , . TWAIN source ( TWAIN), File.



,
.
, Windows,
Windows Explorer . Macintosh
Finder.

7.

147

,
, .. .
, , .
,
Windows Macintosh, . - , .


,
. ,
-
, . , USB IrDA,
,
- .
, ,
.
, , .
' ,
, , (, PC ..).
f

Macintosh, , AppIeTalk, Express Modem / GlobalFax, . ,


.

' Intel- , ,
, .
' USB, ,
. , USB . , , .
' - , Web- .
,
. Web-
,
"" .
' .

, LZW TIFF. ( -

148

III.

, , , , 3.)
S
, DCS008.jpg DCS009.jpg (
Intel- ) Image 1 , Image 2 .. (
Macintosh). ,
.
S
, . ,
. .
/ ,
.
, .
*/ , . ,
. , - . , , , . ,
- ( -,
, Zip).

fneneftb , 1
DVD, , ,
, ,
. ,
,
.
, , (video-out) . ,
DVD
.
.
? -,
,
-. .
, - . , -, 27- .

7.

149

, , DVD,
. , (
) Video AV-out , VideoIn , DVD (. 7.2). ,
, . 7.2, , Audio-In ( ..). , Mono-Input.
. 7.2. , Kodak,
-
, , DVD

Video in

Audio in

, , , - ,
.
,
,
, . , , ,
.
, , NTSC, . NTSC
, PAL.
, , . ,
NTSC PAL.

150

III.


,

.
. ( 10.)
.
, () .
, ..
. ( (native)
.)
, , ,
. ,
, .
. , Adobe Photoshop Photoshop Elements PSD,
, ,
.
, PSD,
.. .
Macintosh, , Windows.
, ,
, ,
. , .

JPEG
-
Joint Photographic Experts Group, .

JPEG , , Windows, Macintosh, . JPEG


, , Web-.
.
JPEG , . ,
Web-.

7.

151

JPEG ,
.. ,
. , ( ) . ,
, .
JPEG , . , Adobe Photoshop Elements
Save As ( ),
, . 7.3.
, Quality ().
, .
. 7.3. JPEG ,

,
, (
). Web, ,
. , , . 3.1 .
3.
, . 7.3, , Internet. 9.
Save for Web ( Web)
Photoshop Elements, , .
TIFF,
. JPEG
, .
.

152

III.

EXIF
EXIF Exchangeable Image Format JPEG. EXIF, JPEG (EXIF),
, .. , . , , ..
, ,
,
, .
, . ,
-. Picture Information
Extractor ThumbsPlus
.
:
EXIF ,
. ,
.

TIFF
TIFF Tagged Image File Formal,
. TIFF , JPEG, , , Internet. JPEG, , TIFF, ,
Windows, Macintosh. - , TIFF .
, ,
TIFF, , . . 7.4 , Photoshop Elements.
. 7.4.
TIFF, Photoshop
Elements

TIFF Byte Order. Macintosh, Macintosh, IBM PC. ,


LZW. LZW , ..
,
.

7.

153

, , JPEG. TIFF Internet


Web-. (
TIFF.)
, LZW TIFF. , TIFF, ,
. , .
, Photoshop Elements,
TIFF , , ,
JPEG. , , ( LZW). , JPEG,
TIFF?
TIFF,
, TIFF, JPEG.
, , TIFF JPEG Web-.

RAW
, , , JPEG TIFF, RAW.
, RAW "" raw, .. , .

RAW, ,
. , , , .
RAW, , ,
,
. . -,
RAW , JPEG, ,
TIFF. -, RAW . , Web- RAW, , .

RAW, ,
. RAW , , ,
.

154

III.

Photo CD
Photo CD
-.
, Photo CD.
. , Photo
CD, .
Photo CD ,
128x192 2048x3072 . ,
, Pro Photo CD,
4096x6144 .
Photo CD ,
. , ,
. ,
, , , .
, , ,
. ,
, . Web-, . (
2.)
Photo CD Picture CD,
Kodak. Picture CD,
- .
- JPEG,
, .

FlashPix
FlashPix . ,
, .
FlashPix ,
.
, ,
FlashPix , . ,
,
FlashPix, -,
.

GIF
, .
, . ,
GIF ,
, .

7.

155

GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) JPEG ,


Internet. GIF, - GIF89a, , Web .
, , GIF.
GIF TIFF LZW ,
.
, GIF 8-
(256 ). , . 9.1 . 24-,
8-. , 8- , , , ,
. ,
. 8- GIF 9.

PNG
Portable Network Graphics
.
Web-. GIF, PNG 256
, JPEG, .
,
, ,
Internet. ,
, PNG.
Internet GIF JPEG.

BMP
(--),
, Windows
Bitmap. , BMP
, , Windows.
, .
BMP
, RLE (Run-Length Encoding),
, .
Windows , RLE, RLE .

PICT
PICT Apple QuickDraw Macintosh.
Macintosh QuickTime,
PICT JPEG. ,
JPEG ,

156

III.

JPEG.
JPEG, PICT. ,
PICT, ,
.
PICT , SimpleText, Microsoft Word
.

EPS
EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) , .
EPS - , . TIFF
JPEG. EPS , .

, - - , ,
.
- ,
,
. , - , ,
, , . , , 2003, , ,
..
, . , ,
. 7.5 , Photoshop Elements 1.0. ,
, .

, 7.5. Photoshop Elements ,


7.

157

, . Windows, , Windows Explorer. Macintosh,


, OS X 10.1.2, Web- Apple
iPhoto.
, , . , ,
, . , - , , , ThumbsPlus ( 80 ,
www. thumbsplus . com), . 7.6.

Rowers
ChristmasCactus
Q My Garden
-

Friends
Habitat
HoMayPark
020426-1034-11.jpg 020426-1035-12.lpg 020426-1035-31 Jpg 020426-1035-44jpg

020426-1039-36 jpg 020426-1040-02 jpg

020426-1040-16jpg 020426-1040-45Jpg 020426-1042-38Jpg 020426-1042-52jpg

. 7.6. JhumbsPlus

, , Windows Explorer
(. . 7.6). , EXIF.
, ThumbsPlus,
, , . , ,
"", "" "". ,
, . ThumbsPlus

158

III.

,
Web- .
FlipAlbum Suite (80 , www.flipalbum.com) , (. 7.7). ,

(,
).

|fc fdkja * yjew FfpTo Bookmatks Favqitet Io* CDMakei Options Help

. 7.7. FlipAlbum Suite

,
. . , ( FlipAlbum Suite)
, - .
, , ThumbsPlus.
, .

7.

159

?
/ ...
>
>
>

CMYK

>

>

>

3^ ,
^ ,
. , , .
,
, ,
. , ,
.

, , , CMOS PCMCIA,
. , , ,
. ( , " ".)
, , Hewlett-Packard,
Epson, Olympus Canon, , . , ,
, , , , .
, Epson Stylus Photo 1280 ( 500 )
, (. 8.1).
Epson , . ,
, . , .

160

III.

. 8.7. Epson Stylus Photo 1280 ,


,
. , , 50 900 . , , 200 . , ,
, , .
( ) , , . ,
, .
.

S , ,
.
/ , . , , ,
,
.

8. ?

161

,
. . ,
, .
, ,
, . (
, .) ,
, .
, - . , ,
, ,
, . ,
,
,
. , , Epson, Hewlett-Packard Canon.


, , . , , , , ,
.
( ).

, .
, , ( ,
() ,
).
? . , 1000 .
,
.
, ,
.
,
( , ).
, , .



, .
, .

162

III.

, . , , , .
-,
, , . 8.2
Olympus P-400 ( 800 ),
7,5x10 . ,
. ,
;
. ,
, "" . ,
7,5x10 Olympus P-400
2 .
. 8.2. Olympus
-400
7,5*7 0


(ThermoAutochrome technology). ,
. ( , ).
,
. , ,
. , ,
, ,
, . ,
, .

8. ?

163


, , .
.
, , ,

, ,
, . ,
.
, , , ,
, "", .
, ,
, .
,
. , Epson
Epson Stylus Photo 2000P ( 900 ),
,
Epson, ,
1 00 . , ,
(.. ) , 2000,
, , . ( , , Epson 2000
2200. , , .)
Epson, ,
, , " "
25 . , . ( ,
,
, .)
,
Olympus P-400, , . Olympus ,

, .
,
,
,
. , , , .
, .

164

III.

,
Web Wilhelm Imaging Research (www. wilhelmresearch. com).
, .
, , .
, " ".
" ",
, .


| , ,
, - ;
i .
[ / , , , i
, , {
.
| s , j
.
/ , ;
.
v . '

, .
I v , , , , ..
i s - :
. , - i
.

/ ctnoutfi
noKi/natfib?
, , .
.
/ ,
,
. , .
*/ ,
, .
8. ?

165

/ ,
, . -
, ,
. ,
.
/

, ,
,
. , . , ,
, .


, .
Sony, Hewlett-Packard, Olympus, Canon
, , .
( . 8.3.) Olympus
Polaroid ( 3).

S , ,
, ,
, .
/ ,
.
, , ,
Hewlett-Packard psc 950, ,
, . (, ),
Hewlett-Packard, .
, ,
,
- . ,
, ,
- .

/tatc

nfiUHtneft

, ,
.
, .
166

III.

, ,
. .
f

,
8,5x11 , , , 4.

, .. "" .

, . 8.1
Epson Stylus Photo 1280, .
.
, "" (.. ).

(snapshot printers) ,
4x6 . . 8.3
: Sony DPP-SV77
( 500 ), Hewlett-Packard PI00
( 180 ). ,
, . Sony , , . ,
.

. 8.3. , Sony
() Hewlett-Packard (), ,

, - . ,

. , ,
.

8. ?

167

S Dpi. dots per inch ( )


, .
300 dpi 2800 dpi.
dpi,
, . ,
, (.. dpi),
. , , ,
300 dpi , ,
, . , 300 dpi , 600 dpi.
,
, dpi
. dpi, 2.
S Quality (). ,
, . , ,
. , , , .
, -
, .
? , , ,
, - .
, , ,
- , ,

.
, -
.
S . : , , .
CMYK.
,
, . ,
"" , , .

CMYK , - -.

168

III.

, ,
.
*/ .
,
(, ). , .
, ,
. "Prints at speeds up to..."
(" ..."), , .
S

.
,
, .
: , , .
,
, , , . , .
, , Web-.
" 15%- ". , 15%
4, (, ) , . ,
, .

,
, , .
? , .
(, - ). ,
. , , (.., , ). .

, , ( , , ,
) , ,

8. ?

169

. , ,
, - .
, .

.
,
.
, . , , ,
. ,
. ,
, , .
, . , , , ( ).
,
, .
-
, ,
.
,
, .
, , , . , , , , . , ,
, , .
,
.
. , , . , . ,
Print ().
. ,
,
.

170

III.

,
DPOF ( digital print order format). , , . .
, , .
, , , .
, . , , ,
Web-,
.

PostScript. , , Adobe Illustrator,


EPS (Encapsulated PostScript), , ""
PostScript.
EPS. PostScript, PostScript .

,
, ,
,
. , , Internet, . , , , 15.
, . , . , . 15 . (

, , , .)
, , . , , , , ( , ). , ,
, , , .

, , , - . , , ,
,

8. ?

171

. , , , .

CMYK
2, ,
fiGfl. RGB ,
. ( ) , , , . , ,
CMYK. ( (black) ,
,
(blue). , (key) CMYK.)
, CMYK , RGB . (, . , , , .) , ,
, .
, , , , .
, CMYK ? -, , ,
(.. ).
() .
-, , , CMYK .
2 " '', , CMYK , , , . ,
.
.
,
CMYK , ,
. ( , RGB
CMYK, RGB.)
CMYK,
RGB.
,
, , CMYK , RGB. , ,
. , CMYK , ,
, , CMYK , , , , .
CMYK. , , CcMmYK CcMmYKk.
, , , -, - - . ,
.
RGB CMYK, 2.

772

///,

, , , . , . ,
.
. 8.1 ,
, . ,
,
. , , 4 (.. 8,5x11 ). .
.
, ,
, , ( ). , ,
, ..

8.1.

, ,
, . , , , ,
, . "-" , ,
, .
,

1 2
1 10

,
. .
,
,

50
2

1 4

1 2

,
,
, ,
.

8. ?

173

'
,
. , ,
,
,
.
, ,
, . , .
' ,
, .
,
. ,
.
.
8x10 8
16 , , . ,
. , , , .
'
. 50
7 8x10 .

. , ,
( ) ,
.
' Internet. . , Ofoto (www.ofoto.com), Kodak, Shutterfly (www.shutterfly.com).
8x10 4
.
' 50
, , . ,
CMYK. (
, , ),
, .

174

III.

, . . .
1. .
, .
.
2. .
- .
3. Print ().
- Print
File (). ,
, , .
, (portrait mode),
(landscape mode).
File,
Print. ,
<Ctrl+P>. (,
, , .
, , File^Print.)
4. .
, , ,
(Intel- Macintosh). Print,
Page Setup ( ), Page Setup, File Print. ( Page Setup Setup () Print.)
Print
Page Setup, , ( ).
.
, , .
5. .
,
Print. , .

,
.

8. ?

175


,
, . 2, ,
, , .
, .
ppi . , 200
300 ppi. , , .
dpi .
. , . , ,
. " "
.
. , , .
( )
. ,
:
, , . ,
.
, , .
, , . ,
. ,
25%. , , .
, , ,
, . . , .
,
? , . , ,
-

775

///.

. ,
. ,
, ?

, , .
, (
) Adobe Photoshop Elements.
1. Image^Resize^lmage Size (<=> ^ ).
, . 8.4.
. 8.4. Image Size

2. Resample Image ( ).
, . ,
.
, , : , , ,
, , .
3. .
Width () Height
(). ,
, .
,
Resolution (). , , Width Height.
4. <Enter>.
(.. Resample
Image), ,
. , ViewOShow
Rulers ( => ),
, ,
.
,
, Resample

8. ?

177

Image. , ( Width,
Height Resolution ).
Resample Image , Width Height,
.
, (
).

,
,
, .
, Elements, ,
.
, ,
.
,
? ,
. , , . ( .)

!
, , , . - RGB, , , " CMYK". ,
, , , , , , .
,
, .

|
81

178

S .
, , ,
.
S ,
, ,
, . ,
,
.
/ , ,
,
. ,
,
. , , ,
.
S
, CMYK. RGB,
, RGB.

III.

*/ ,
, .
.
, ,
, . , .
S Photoshop Elements, Photoshop ""
.
, , , , ,
.
S
,
,
,
. , (, ), ,
.
.
, -
( ,
,
, ).
, ,
.
S , 100%- ,
.
S (,
ColorSync),
.
S ,
, . .
, , , , . ,
,
,
, . ,
, ( , )
.
S , , , ,
, , ,
.

8. ?

179

Print Image Matching?


Print Image Matching, PIM, , Epson
, , .
4,
, EXIF. PIM, ,
. PIM Epson, .
PIM , ,
. Epson , PIM , . .
-, ,
,
, PIM- , Epson Software film
Factory. ( , ,
PIM.) -, ,
. , , PIM,
, , PIM.
, PIM ,
, .
, , PIM ,
,
. PIM-, . , ,
.
, Web- www. pr intimagematching. ]
com. PIM- , Web, , ( , i
, ).


( ) ,
.
, .

. ,
" ".
, ,
.
, . ,

180

III.

, , .
,
. ,
,
. ,
, .
S , ,
, . , , Levels () Brightness/Contrast
(/). , ,
, .
10.
S
, , .
, .

.
S , , , .

IEEE 1284. ,
, .
, , , .
S , , - . , (
) -,
, . - , .
S
. ,
, , , . ,
,
, ,
. , ,
. , .
,
.

ft ?

181


1 ...
>
> Web-
>
> GIF JPEG
> Web-
>

; , 7 .
,
Web-, "-" ,
,
.
, - , ,
.
8 ,
. ,
, , .

fnif ctHOftOMf
, . , .
, .
,
. .
S Web- . Web-,
,
. , Web-, , " Internet".
S , ,
, , . ,

182

III.

,
.
"-" , Web, , , Ofoto
(www.ofoto.com). Web- ,
,
.
, ;
Web-
.
. 9.1 Web- Ofoto , , .
Web-, ,
14.
Eile

di
Beck I

lew

So

Communicator
:

Help'

::

-d ' How '.' ' ''Search J- Nsc

Click a photo for a larger view


Antigua

. 9.1. Web-, Ofoto, "-" ,


S
, Microsoft PowerPoint Corel Presentations.
, , .
S ,
. , .

9.

183

,
DVD .
, , .
7.

t3ce, 4fHO / [/

. .


, ,
. ( , , 2.)
,
, ,
.
, , , .
: 640x480, 800x600, 1024x768, 1280x1024 .
.
,
, , , . , 640x480 , , 640x480 .
, .
, , . 9.2 9.3.
640x480 17- . ( Windows : ,
.) , 640x480 (. . 9.2). (,
Windows, , ). . 9.3
, 1280x1024. .
, ,
, . -
Web- 21 - 1280x1024 , - 13 , 640x480 . ,
.

184

III.

. 9.2. 640x480 ,
640x480

. 9.3. 1280 1024 ,


640x480

9.

185

Internet, , 640x480 , , , .
, 640x480 , , 640x480, ,
. ,
, , , .


, ,
, ,
.
.
Photoshop Elements.

1 .
, . -
, - , .
2. lmage^>Resizeolmage Size ( ^
), Image Size (
).
3. Resample Image ( ),
. 9.4.
. 9.4.
Photoshop Elements,
Resample Image

, , .. , .
, Width ()
Height (), Pixel Dimensions

186

III.

( ). . 6
.
4. Resample Image Bicubic.
,
. ( Bicubic) .
Constrain Proportions ( ).

5.

, , .
6. Width
Height, .
,
() ().
(.. ), .
Width Height Pixels. Constrain Proportions,
Width Height, .
7. <Enter>.

, , Width Height,
. ,
.
2.

, , . Internet, , ,
, .
,
, Photoshop Elements
ViewOActual Pixels ( ).
, , . , .


, ,
, . , .

, , 72 96 ppi.
Photoshop Elements, ,

9.

187

, Width, Height Resolution, Document Size


( ) Image Size.
72 96 ppi? , Intel- ,
Macintosh. Macintosh
, 72 . Intel- , 96 . ,
1x1 , , 72 ppi, Macintosh , .
, , , -, , -, . 72/96 ppi
. , .

Jnternet
Web- Web-, Internet , .
, Web- ,
, Web-. , .

Web-
, Web-, ,
(, ).

Web- , ,
. , , .
, , Web- ,
, ,
.
Web- , , .
,
Web- ,
. .
..
,

188

III.

. ? ,
( ) Web- , .
,
. ,
Web-
. Internet, ,
. .
S , , ,
Internet, Web , , . , , , "Product shot" ( ) , . , ,
. , , - .
S JPEG, GIF.
Internet. , PNG JPEG 2000,
Internet,
Web-.
JPEG GIF ,
, 7.
*/ , , ,
,
28,8 /. ,

Internet,
. ,
Web-, .
^ , , "
". Web-,
, 640x480 .
S ,
, .
640x480 , , 72 ppi, 300 ppi. ,
, ,
2.
S , ,
JPEG. , ,

9.

189

, GIF. 256,
, .
.
, Web- , , , . , ,
, ,
Web-. ,
. , Web- www.digimarc.com.
Web-
(Professional Photographers of America, www. ppa. com),

.

: JPEG GIF?
, JPEG GIF
, , Web-. , .
. JPEG 24- ,
.., , 16,7 . GIF
8- ,
256 .
, . 9.1 . . -
,
, .
24-. 8-,
, 256 .
. 24-
. ,
256, , - ,
, .
.
, JPEG , GIF, .. , , . GIF
, ,
.

190

III.

. , ,
JPEG, ,
GIF. , JPEG GIF, , JPEG
, a GIF . (
GIF ,
.)
,
. ,
, ,
, . , JPEG
GIF,
,
, 24- 8-
GIF. ,
, . 3.1 .
Web-. GIF , JPEG.
-, GIF-. .
Web, ,
.
-, ,
Web. , JPEG-,
Web-.
, "JPEG: ".

?
JPEG GIF , Web - . GIF
interfaced (), JPEG progressive (), - , . ,
. , .
" " . /
, ,
- .
,
.
.
Web- .
, JPEG-
(RAM), GIF-
. Web-
.

9.

191

JPEG GIF . , ,
, .
256 ,
,
. ,
JPEG, .
Web , JPEG GIF. Save for Web Photoshop Elements. , GIF JPEG,
. , 28,8 /.

GIF: 256
GIF 8- (256 ). , ,
, , , (. . 9.1
).
, 256
. , , GIF
, ,
.
GIF: 87a 89. ,
? , 89 GIF,
. 87 . ( , .
GIF GIF.)
? ,
Internet
Web- . . GIF, , (. 9.5, ). , Web-
(. 9.5, ). Web-
.
, , . -

192

III.

. , ,
,
, .

: dick * picture to see a brger image and details.


Or tell-free at 00) 5- 6r details A< any !

. 9.5. , Web-,
GIF, - GIF

GIF
GIF (.. , ) . ,
Photoshop Elements. - , GIF,
. -
.
, Elements , , , Save for Web,
.
, Elements, , GIF. . ,
- . , ,
GIF,

9.

193

256 , ,
. ,
GIF, , ..
. ( 12.)

FileoSave for Web ( Web).


Save for Web. . 9.6 Elements 1.0. 2.0
, . ,
Image Size. ( , " ".)
, ,
GIF.
Zoom () Hand (), . 9.6,

. ,
Zoom, .
, <Alt> ( Intel- ) <Option> (
Macintosh). , ,
Hand, .
Format

Zoom
Hand

Color Reduction Algorithm


Dithering Algorithm

. 9.6. ,
GIF

194

III.

2. Settings () Custom
().
3. Format () GIF.
4. , , GIF.
, Elements.
.
. 9.6. (
.)
Color Reduction Algorithm ( ). ,
256 . , Adaptive
,
, ,
. , ,
.
, , , Save for Web,
( , , 11).
Color Reduction Algorithm Selective
( ).
Dithering Algorithm ( ). , 256 ,
, , .
(dithering).
Dithering Algorithm , . D i f f u s i o n , .

D i f f u s i o n , - .

Interlaced (). . ( .) ,
" ?".

Colors (). , ,
GIF, 256 . , 256 , Colors .
, . Colors , .
Dither (). ,
.
, , 100. ,
.
Transparency () Matte ()
, .

9.

195

. Animate () ,
GIF, , ,
.
5. <Enter>.
Save for Web ,
Save Optimized As ( ),
.
GIF, ,
, .
6. Save () <Enter>.
GIF,
. -
; GIF,
.
, Save for Web . . ,
Preview Menu, . 9.6.

GIF
GIF, GIF
. , , . , - . , ,
.
Elements Photoshop, , . , . ,
, .

, Elements Photoshop. ,
.
( 12.)
, ,
.
, Layers New=> Layer
from Background (' ).
New Layer ( ) . View=>Show
Layers ( ) Layers (), ,
Layer 0 (. 9.7).
- , . Elements,
Photoshop, - .

196

III.

. 9.7. , , GIF
, - ,
, .
, , GIF, RGB. ,
Image^ModeoRGB Color ().
, ,
GIF, , . . 4
Matte Transparency, .
Transparency (). ,
GIF
- . (..
Web-), .
, , Matte.
S Matte (). ,
.
Transparency.

9.

197

,
- ,
, , Matte. , .
, ' GIF , 50%, , , 50%, .
, . 9.8 (
. 9.7)
Matte. ,
. , Matte, , . , Matte ,
Web-, .
|,/1\;:1|>8

iillaS^;^;;

. 9.8. Web-
( ), Matte ,
Web- ( )

198

III.

, Web, Matte Other


(). Color Picker ( ),
, .
Eyedropper ()
Save for Web,
. Eyedropper,
Matte Eyedropper Color.
, , Matte Black () White ().

JPEG:
JPEG, 24
(16,7 ), ,
, .

, " : JPEG GIF?".

, ,
JPEG, ,
.
JPEG, ,
TIFF, , Photoshop Elements (PSD). JPEG,
, .

3, . 3.1 . , , JPEG, ( 12).


, Save
for Web Photoshop Elements
JPEG. , ,
.
, , ,
, ,
.
1. File^Save for Web,
Save for Web (. 9.9).
;
,
. ,
" GIF".
2. Settings Custom.
3. Format, . 9.9, JPEG.
.

9.

199

Preview Menu
Format

Quality

. 9.9. Quality ,

4. .
Quality, . 9.9 ,
, , . ,
.
^
Quality,
1 .
4/ Quality
: Maximum, High, Medium Low. Maximum ; Low, , .
,
Quality. 0 100, 0 ( ),
100 ( ).
, ,
.

. , Preview Menu (. 9.9).

200

III.

5. Progressive, Optimized ICC profile.


, , . ,
, " ,
?", JPEG ( Progressive).
Optimized , Web-, .
ICC Profile
, . , .
6. , Matte ().
, ,
.
( , ). , JPEG , - .
, Web-,
, , .
Matte, Web-. , Web-. , Matte, , " GIF ".
7. .
Save for Web , Save Optimized
As. , ,
. , . .
8. Save <Enter>.
JPEG. - , , ,
JPEG, .

*
,
. ,
, . , ,
.

9.

201

, . , ,
, . -
, . - ,
.
, - - Macintosh Windows. ,
,
, .
,
, .
, , ,
", ".
JPEG,
. , GIF, , ,
JPEG. CompuServe, GIF, JPEG. ( , ,
, ,
.)
, , . , ,
.
, ,
,
( 2). , ,
. Zip,
-
, .
,
Netscape Communicator ( 4.0). -
, - ,
.
1. Internet Communicator.
2. Communicator^Messenger ( "mail",
).

202

III.

3. File^New^Message (^^)
New Msg .
.
4. , .
5. FileOAttachoFile ()
Attach File.

, .
File ,
, . , , Open ().
.
6. File^Send Now ( )
Send () ,
.
, . Netscape Navigator
..
(. 9.10), , .
fe dit View So Message Communicator Help

-> >

V-

Get Msg New Msg

_ _4

wA

Rep^

Forward

FJe

ilUi j Inbox

I"
Next

Ptint

Securfty

Detete

Total message* 167 Untead messages: 2

j|j

Bl Subject
Re: Help Test Printing Sollwaie

Sends,
JudyF

| Date

I P. I I IS.|-..|Un,.J

- Hide: Ftankoma mug


Hi, I picked up this Frankoma mug at auction yesterday do you know
anything about these? The mug is marked Bush/Quayle. I'm guessing it's
worth about S15 to $20. What do you think?
Thanks!

Document Done

. 9.10. ,

9.

203

, , . , Internet
( ). ,
- -
. ,
. , .

204

III.

IV

4.& <>& frbotM KOMhbtoMtpt &


uboSpAxtHuw, ^ MHt SWAO
HtKOMOpMt ^i^tKWvM/
fboHt Ht^A.

KOMOpMi ^^ 61

'Hi. .WvOUtM

; ,
,
,
.
. - , .
( , ; ,
, ),
. , - , ,
,
. ,
,
.
, -. ,

-, ,
,
, .
, .
?
, , , ,
. , 10 , . 11 ,
,
,
,
"" . 12 , , .
; , ;
, .
.

10


S 1 ...
}*
5*
>
>
>
>
>
>






""

t \ ,
. , , , . , " " ,
, . ,
.
- , ,
. , ,
,
, ,
, .
11 , ,
, 12 ,
. ,
.

nfiotfioMMbi &
,
, Adobe Photoshop Elements.
. -,
100 , .
, Elements
, ( ) Adobe

10.

207

Photoshop, .
, Elements Intel- , Macintosh.

Elements. , . , , Photo Retouching &
Restoration For Dummies, Wiley Pug, Inc.
, "Elements",
. , Adobe Photoshop, , ,
Elements, Photoshop .
- , , , ,
. ,
, .
, .

Kate otntcfito&atnb
,
.
- ,
:
' FileOOpen (^);
' Open : <Ctrl+O>
Intel- <Command+O>
Macintosh;
' Open .
. Photoshop Elements, . 10.1.
, , .
^j^r

Photoshop Elements Intel , , . Macintosh , , .

, .

I
208

, Elements, ,
,

IV.

. ,
(. . 10.1).
Open

. 10.1. , File
Browser
Elements File Browser () , Window^File Browser
(. . 10.1). ,
.
, ,
(, ). , , . TWAIN. ,
, 7.

(RAM). ,
,
. ( ,

10.

209

.)
, .
- ,

.
,
,
. , . ,
96 , 96 .
, . , ,
, ,
, . . ( 7.)
, Rotate (), .
Elements Image ().

Coxfiatutine ! U qetautfie 1 fcatc

" ".
, , .
, .
,
" ", , , . , , . . ,
, "
".
,
.
S , ! , , .
,
. ,
,

210

IV,

, ,
,
.
S ,
File^Save As (1^ ). , ,
.
S ,
.
/ , ,
. , ,
.
- , . 4.
*/ ,
. <Ctrl+S> (<Command+S> Macintosh), . Save () , (. 10.2).
S Save As , .
, ,
(.. ,
), . Elements Photoshop PSD.
S ?
,
. , , JPEG, GIF TIFF, "" . , ( 12).
S , -
. JPEG GIF
( ), TIFF ( , ). .

^
,
( ) . , ,
, , . , .

10.

211

,
.
Undo (), Edit
(), , . , , Undo .
Undo ,
. ,
,
. Undo Save.
Undo,
<Ctrl+Z> (<Command+Z> Macintosh).
Undo Redo () . Elements 1.0,
. 10.2.
Trash
Save

History

Ofck or 4rg ov*r you vjnt 40 fllarg*. Ottngt tin tootn ftit* oo * optioni bar.

. 10.2. Undo
Print () Undo . , - , , , ,
Undo .

212

IV.

S Elements, Photoshop Undo, , . , , , .


, . Undo
, .
, , , .
S Elements,
Undo ,
Edit<=>Step Backward ( ) <Ctrl+Z> (<Command+Z> Macintosh). History (. . 10.2),
. , WindowOShow History (
History). Elements 2.0 WindowOUndo History. ,
,
Trash (), ,
, .
, Yes.
COM]

S Elements 20 . , Edit1^Preferences^ General (^), Preferences, History States. , , , .


S Undo , ,
. - - ,
.
/ , ?
Redo ( , Edit - Undo). Redo
, Undo.
*/ Undo, ,
, Undo. , , Undo/Redo. Elements, , Redo Edit^Step Forward
(^ ). <Ctrl+Y> (<Command+Y> Macintosh).
S File^Revert (<=>),
Elements Photoshop, ,

10.

213

.
,
. ,
, .


"" (.. ) , ,
.
" , . ,
, .
S ,
, . , ,
. - , , . ,
- , .
S (, , Elements Photoshop), , , , - . , .
, . ( ,
, 12.)
S
. ,
, , .
1 1 .
</ , , ,
" ".
Elements, , , , , . . ,

214

IV.

. ,
. "" ,
.
I / ,
, ,
.
.
S , , ,
,
, .

( }
. 10.3 .
5 -
. (, - ,
, , , 800 , !)

Crop

Options

I S3 Adobe Photoshop Elements - (Kristen&LauraOv


| ile EdK Image Enhance LaVer Selecl

etl.tif (a.'4?.7% (Gray)!


Filler inw ^indow Help

a p se; <t\ s> &]


t$

WMtt:]

H0i(: |

i'

: Resotuiton: 1

|pix*ls/irch

^CX^i

^Jl;

li

H*i

42.74 X I (280 pixete x 960 pixete

CSck and drag to defm cropping frame. Us* Shift, AK, nd Ctrl for additional options.

. /0.3. -

10.

215

, ,
.
, Photoshop Elements (, ,
) Crop (),
, . 10.4.
. 10.4.
,

, Crop
Elements . Crop .
1. Crop.
Crop (. 10.3). , Width (), Height () Resolution ()
Options (. . 10.3). , Clear (). ( Crop
.)
,
, .
, , . (. 10.5). , , .
,
,
(. . 10.5). , . Options.
, .
, -
, .

216

IV.

Apply

. 10.5. ,

. 10.6.

10.

217

4. , Apply (, .
. 10.5) <Enter>.
Elements 2.0 Apply Cancel () Options .
, , Undo, , , .
Crop Elements, Photoshop
. , , . 10.6.
Elements, , .
. , . 10.6. ( .)
Apply,
. . 10.6.
, . , , , . , ,
.


, () ,
. 10.7 , . , (. 10.7 ).
,
.


, . ,
, , , , .
,
"" , . , ,
.

, Brightness/Contrast (/)
Elements (. 10.8). , .

21 8

IV.

. 10.7. ()

. 10.8. Brightness/Contrast

Elements 1.0,
EnhanceoBrightness/Contrasto Brightness/Contrast (//). Elements 2.0 Enhance^Adjust Brightness/Contrast^Brightness/Contrast ( //). , Brightness
( -100 100) .

.
, .
, , . Contrast , , .
, (. 10.9). , . , . Brightness/Contrast,
(

10.

219

. 10.9). , ,
. , -, , , -, . , ,

.
Brightness/Contrast ,
,
. , - .

. 10.9. , ,

, , .
Brightness/
Contrast,

.
,
.
Elements, Photoshop -
, , Levels ().
, . " ?",
,
.

220

IV.


Levels
(), , Brightness/Contrast. , Levels
; , , .
, , , .. . 10.10 Levels, Elements,
. . , ,
.



. 10.10. , ,
,
, , . , ,
. . . 10.10 , , .
, . .

S Levels ,
Input Levels ( ).
Elements ,

10.

221

, , .
(shadows) Input Levels , . 10.10.
, . Low Point control.
(midtones) ,
,
Input Levels (. . 10.10). ,
,
. , ; , .
Gamma Midpoint control.
(highlights)
Input Levels , . 10.10.
,
.
High Point control.
/ , . 10.11, , . ,
.
,
.
S
Elements, . ,
.
S Levels Output Levels
( ).
. ,
, , , , , . : ,
() , .
Elements, ,
Output Levels .
S ,
, . (
2.) Elements
, , Channel (),
Levels, , . ,

222

IV.

,
, Channel
RGB.

. 10.11. , ,

, Elements, Photoshop , ,
. , Elements Dodge Burn,
"" ,
. .

?
| , Photoshop Elements, | , .
j , . 8 1 . , I , .
| , .
| ,
; , , , . ; , , , | , . 12.

10.

223

1
? Saturation,
.
. 10.1 . , , ,

, " ".
, , Saturation (), Elements, , .
. 10.1 .
,
.
Elements 1.0,
Enhance^Colon^Hue/Saturation (^/). Elements 2.0
EnhanceOAdjust Coloro Hue/Saturation (^ ^/). , . 10.12. Saturation
, , ,
.
. , 12.
Saturation ,

.' .
Edit
Master, .
,
Edit. , , , , ,
.
, , Sponge. (
Elements .) , .
Sponge Elements, Mode () Options Saturate () Desaturate (), , . Pressure (),
Elements 2.0 Flow, ,
.

224

IV.

ifHO nfiu //

, . , , , . . 10.2 . , "" .
,
? , , . ,
( ) - . , .

Intensity

. 10.13. ,
,
Variations () Photoshop Elements. . . 10.2 ,
.
, . .

10.

225

Variations Elements 1.0,


Enhance^Variations, Elements 2.0 Enhance^
Adjust Colons Color Variations. 1.0, , . 10.2
. Elements 2.0 , .
Variations .
, ,
, . Intensity (), . 10.13, ,
.
, Elements 2.0 More Cyan ( ), More Magenta ( ) More Yellow
( ), Elements 1.0. Elements 2.0,
, Decrease Red ( ), Decrease Green ( ), Decrease Blue ( ).
, ,
. , , 11.

/

, - - , . . 10.3
,
. .
.
, , " "
, , . 10.3 .
. , , , . ,
.
, ,
, .


, ,
. , .
.
, .

226

IV.

, , . 10.14.
- . . .
.

Sharpen

, 10.14. , ,
Photoshop Elements ( )
,
. .


, , , ,
"". ,
.
Elements :
Sharpen (), Sharpen More ( ) Sharpen Edges (
). , Filten=>Sharpen.
, .
, . . 10.14.

10.

227

' Sharpen .
,
, . , ,
.
' Sharpen More , Sharpen,
. , ,

. ,
Sharpen More .
' Sharpen Edges , ,
,

. . 10.14 , ,
, .
. ,
Sharpen.
' Sharpen Edges , , , , , . , , Unsharp
Mask ( ), .
,
. , . , , "" ,
.



.
, , .
Elements, Photoshop , , Unsharp Mask
( ).
Unsharp Mask
, .
,

, (
, ).
, Unsharp Mask .

228

IV.

, ,
.
Elements,
1
Filter^Sharpen^Unsharp Mask (^ * ).
, . 10.15.
. .15. Unshaip Mask

Unsharp Mask : Amount (),


Radius () Threshold ().
Unsharp Mask , .
, .
*/

Amount. .
, .
. 10.16 Unsharp Mask
, . 10.14,
Amount, Threshold, .
, Amount
, . 10.4 .
Radius 1. , Threshold 0. , Amount
.
, Unsharp Mask
Amount 50 100.
, ,
Amount. ,
Amount.

v' Radius. Radius , .



( . 10.16). ,
, .

10.

229

Amount, 100%

Amount, 200%

. 10,16. , Radius
Amount
, Radius
0,5 2. ,
,
Radius; ,
.
/ Threshold. , ,
.
, , , "" . Threshold,
, ( Sharpen Edges, ).
,
Threshold 1 15.
, Threshold.

230

IV.

, Radius Threshold , . 10.5 .


Amount 100. Radius 0,5,
Threshold 0, 5 10. ,
Threshold , , , .
6' .
Radius 2,0.

( Radius). , Radius,
, .
, Threshold , , .
, Amount, Radius Threshold.
- , . , ,
, , . 10.3 , Unsharp Mask: Amount 100; Radius 1.5
Threshold 5.

?
, . , , , . ,
.
, , (. 10.17).
, ,
. ,
, .
, .
Elements ,
Filter^Blur ().
Gaussian Blur ( )
. , .
Gaussian Blur ,
. 10.18. Radius , , .

10.

231

. 10.17.
, ,

. 10.18. ,
Gaussian Blur

Gaussian Blur ; , .

232

IV.

2) 1 icatcasi-iHO !
, jaggies (, ).
-
. , ( ), .
, " ",
, , .
, ISO ( 5).
. 10.19. , " ", . 12.5 ( ).
- ,
, Gaussian Blur, . ,
. .

. 70.19. , , ,
, , .
, . , Unsharp Mask,
,
Threshold.
Despeckle
Remove Noise ( ), "
". , , (

10.

233

). ,
Despeckle/Remove Noise .
, , Despeckle/Remove Noise,
.
, .
,
, .
,
. ,
. , ""
.

234

IV.

1 1

, ,
. . .
>

>
>
> ,
>-
>


^^ ,
, ? ,
, , -
. ,
.
,
. , ,
. ,
.
, , ,
. , ,
, .


,
, , .
, , : ", ,
- ", , ( , , ..).

. (
, , ). , - ,
, .

11. , ,

235

, , , , . ,
, , , , .
, .
. . , , .
,
( , ; , ). , , , .
, , ,
. , , , " ".
, , , ,
. ,
. : ,
.
, . , - , ,
. , . , , , .
. , .
^
,
. , ,
(marching ants). , , , , .


. ,
.
Photoshop Elements, ,
( ).
Rectangular Marquee ( ) Elliptical Marquee
( ) ,
, .

236

IV.

V Lasso (), Polygonal Lasso ( ) Magnetic


Lasso ( ) () .
S

Magic Wand ( ) , .

Elements 2.0 Selection Brush (


), .
, ,
, .
,
, ,
Elements 2.0, .
, . Mask (). Photoshop, , ""
Quick Mask ( ).
, , . , , , , .
Elements, . ,
Elements, - ,
, . (, ,
, .) Elements, ,

, .
, .
, ,
, Photo Retouching & Restoration For
Dummies. (, , , , .)

Elements
Elements, , . . 11.1
,
. ( Elements 1.0,
Selection Brush .
Elements 2.0 Lasso.)
- , . ,
, ,

11. , ,

237

. , . , .
Elements 2.0 , Options.

" t li i %(i:*an9t''?P Marquee Tool j

,

I i

t
7-"
-.yilfflJ

Magic Wand

. 11.1, Elements



. , , :
, . Elements
Rectangular Marquee ( ) Elliptical Marquee ( ).

(. 11.2).
( . .)
Rectangular Marquee Elliptical Marquee
, Options (. . 11.1).
.
Feather ().
(
) Feather , .
" " .
Anti-aliased (). , . . , -
, .
Rectangular Marquee Anti-aliasing (
).
Style ().
, Normal.

238

IV.


, , ,
, , (,
300 200 ).
Option

S3,',EMe Edit ,lBiaae.:;,i>EflhaBce,:.j

!''

. 11.2. ,

<Shift>, .
Rectangular Marquee, Elliptical Marquee.


,
. Elements Magic Wand ( ), Color Wand, Color Selector - .
, . , ,
, , .
, , . 11.1
( . 11.2 ).
, .
Magic Wand Elements,
Options .

11. , ,

239

, . , .
*/ Tolerance (). ,
, ,
.
Tolerance ,
. ,
.
. 11.1 Tolerance: 10, 32, 64 100.
, Color Wand;
.
Elements Tolerance 255, ,
100, Magic Wand . 255 , - . , ,
Select All ( ), .
. 11.1 , 100
,
. ,
, , "
".
/ Anti-aliased (). , , .
S Contiguous (). , . ,
, , , , .
, , . 11.1 , . , ,
, , ,
.
, . 11.1 , Contiguous
.
, Magic Wand , , Contiguous .
S

240

Use All Layers ( ).


( 12), ,
,
. , ,

.

IV.


. ,
"" ,
, .
, . " ",
. ( , , , " ".)
, Freehand, Lasso Trace. Elements, 1~ Photoshop, Lasso.
Lasso: Polygonal Lasso ( ) Magnetic Lasso ( ).
Elements . 11.1.
Lasso Polygonal Lasso Elements.
' Lasso. , , , , Pencil (). ,
, ,
.
^ Polygonal Lasso. , . , ,
, , .
,
.
, , .
, <Alt> ( <Option> Macintosh), . <Alt> (<Option>),
.
Lasso Magnetic Lasso - .


10, , ,
. , Elements, ,
, .
, Elements Magnetic Lasso,
. . 11.3 ,
.

11. , ,

241

Magnetic Lasso

Brush

. 11.3. Magnetic Lasso


.
1. , .
2. ,
.
, (. . 11.3).
(.. , ),
. Elements
.

, , , -
. . , Elements (fasteningpoints), . 11.3.
,
. , <Delete>.
3. , ,
.

242

IV.

, , , . Elements, Options
Magnetic Lasso.
' Feather, Anti-aliased. , " ".
'

Width (). ,
. ,
; , , .
1 40.
,
(. . 11.3), EditoPreferences^Display and Cursors
(^ ^ ),
Preferences. Other Cursors ( )
Precise ().

' Edge Contrast ( ).


, . ,
. 100.
'

Frequency (). ,
. , , .
() ,
. , , .

'

Stylus Pressure ( ). Elements 2.0 Pen Pressure. ,


" " (
Width).
, ,
Width Options. (
Width Options ,
, ,
, Precise, .)
, .


? , . , .

11. , ,

243

, Pick () Arrow ().


, .
.
Edit , ,
Select All ( ) .
Select None ( ),
.
Elements, Select^AII (). ,
Selects Deselect (^ ).
, , SelectoReselect (^).
/ , <Ctrl+A> (<Command+A>
Macintosh).
. Elements <Ctrl+D> (<Comfnand+D> Macintosh).
. ,
.
.
, , ,
,
. ,

.
12.


- , ,
.
, , .
. 11.4. , , . . Magic Wand Elements ,
, .
, ,
( . 11.4).

244

IV.

. 11.4. ( ),
Magic Wand , . ( )
,

Elements,
Select^Inverse (^). <Shift+Ctrl+I> (<Shift+Command+I>
Macintosh).
Invert.
, ,
. ,
Invert , ( ). Invert Inverse , , , , , , .


, . , , , . , .

.

11. , ,

245

Invert.
.
. ,
(Add). , . ,
( . 11.1 ),
Elliptical Marquee.
.
, ,
(Subtract). . , , (. 11.1 )
, .
,
,
,
.
.
,
, . ,
,
, . , (Intersection)
.

(Additive), (Subtractive) (Intersection)
.
;
.
Normal

Add

Subtract

Intersect

. 11.5.
Elements Options

Elements, , <Shift>. ,
<Alt> (<Option> Macintosh).

246

IV.

,
Options
(. 11.5).
,
( Normal).
Elements ,
.
. , ,
. .
.
/
.
SelectoModifyoExpand (^) Selects
ModifyOContract (^^), .

.
, . SelectoGrow (=>), , ,
, ,
. ,
, SelectoSimilar ( ).
Tolerance () Magic Wand,
(. " ").
.
, ,
SelectoModifyOSmooth () .
, .
, Anti-aliased ()
. ,
" ".
, ,
. ,
, , , . Elements 2.0 Select Save Selection (
) Load Selection ( ). Elements 1.0, , .

11. , ,

247

[11,,
, &
, . , , .
, .
, , , .
. 11.2 . , , , .
, ,
, .
Clone ().
"" ,
.

: , ,

: Cut (), () Paste
(). , , . , , Edit.
, :
, , Elements, , .
, . , ( ), . ,
,
. ( 2, 8 9.)
. .
. .
Edit,
, Copy: <Ctrl+C>
(<Command+C> Macintosh). .
Cut . "",
. 11.6.

248

IV.

<Ctrl+X> (<Command+X>
Macintosh).
S Paste . ,
<Ctrl+V> (<Command+V> Macintosh).

. 11.6. Cut,
( ) ( )
, ,
. , , .

[{
-.
Paste () , ,
. . ""
, .
Elements, Photoshop, . . 12, .
Layers (. 11.7),
, , . Layers,
Window1* Show Layers (1*
Layers). ,
(
. 11.7).

Layers - (. . 11.7).
.
. 11.7, , , , ,
.

11. , ,

249

, , PSD. ,
.

Move

Layers

Apply

I
3 Adobe Photoshop Elements
layer

Sla

. 11.7. ,
,
. Elements,
Layers , .
Layers
(. . 11.7). , ,
.
S . Move (), . 11.7, . Move , ( ). <Shift>,
.

250

IV.

. ImageOTransform 1 *
Free Transform (^ ) <Ctrl+1> (<Command+T>
Macintosh).
, (transformation
boundary) (. . 11.7).
.
, , . 11.7
. (
, .) ,
. Apply (),
. ( Elements 2.0
Apply Cancel .)
? ,
.
, <Esc>
Cancel (),
Apply.
.
,
. , . ( ,
,
2.)
,
, , Maintain Aspect Ratio ( ) Options (. . 11.7).
, ,
Apply.
.
Flip () ImageoRotate ( ).

, &1
Cut (),
.
, - .
Cut, , ,
. <DeIete>.
.
,
. ,
. , ,
.

11. , ,

251

, . 11.8, , , - ,
. , , , ,
.
.


. ,
. , ,
(. 11.9).

. 11.8.

. 11.9.
();
()


, .
.
. 11.10. , ,
, . 11.8.
,
, .. , , .

, .
,

252

IV.

.
"" , (.. ) . ,
, ( ).

. 11.10. , ( ), ( )
, .
1. ,
.
2. .
. , . Elements, , Feather (), Options. ,
.
. Elements Select^ Feather (1* ), , . 11.11. Feather Radius
( ) <Enter>.
. 11.11.
Feather Radius,

, ,
, . , .

11. , ,

253

, .
- .
3. EditOCopy (^), .
4. Edit^Paste ('), .
5. , .
Paste,
, ",
".

, , ,
.
Clone (),
,
"" (. 11.12). Clone , ,
, . 11.3 .
Clone

Rdt fflti Effaj

, 11.12. Clone
""

254

IV.

Clone
, , , . , ,
, .
Clone . Photoshop,
, Rubber Stamp ( ), Photoshop Elements
. Photoshop Clone Stamp,
, , Elements. , Clone.
, ,
.
1. Clone.
Elements ,
(. . 11.12).
2. .
, . -.
Elements, <Alt> (<Option> Macintosh).

3. , .
.
, . , , ,
, .
Elements . ( . 11.12.) , , .
Clone
Options (. . 11.12). ,
.
Brush (). ,
. , . 11.12, ,
. , . ,
.
Mode (). ,
. Normal -

11. , ,

255

, ,
- .
,
. ( 12 .)
'

Opacity ().
. Clone
60-70%, . , , - , 100%.

'

Aligned (). ,
( ,
, ) , . , . .
, ,
.
, . . , (.. , <Alt> <Option>).

' Use All Layers ( ). , ( ), Clone


"" . , ,
. , , 2,
1.

" ". , , "" .
. ,
,
, , 12.

,
, . , , .

256

IV.

, , . , , . , ,
.
.
, ,
.. , , .
( 2.)
Elements,
Image^Resize^Canvas Size (^
) Canvas Size (. 11.13). Width
() Height () . ,
, ,
. , ,

, .
. 11.13. Elements

, Width Height. ,
, , . Crop (), 10. ,
- ,
Canvas Size.
Elements 2.0 Canvas Size Relative
(). , Width Height ,
. ,
, Width Height
.

11. , ,

257

12


3fdou ...
>

>
>
>
>
>
>

"77
- ,
*^ *^ . , , ,
.
, ,
,
, . , .
.

, , ?
.
, .
, .
, , , ,
, .
- , Fill ().
? ,
.
/ . , , Web-. ,
.

258

IV.

,
. , , , .
I S .
- , ,
, .

s " ". ,
.
I -S - , . , .
, . ,
, , , . 12.1,
.
, , , .
^ , ,
. , . , , , - , ?

. 12.1. -

12.

259

, ,
,
.


. , Corel Painter, , .
, , , . . 12.2 , , .

. 12.2. Corel Painter, ,


,
. ,
, ( ), , . (,
.) , 4,
.
, , , , , Adobe Photoshop Photoshop

260

IV.

Elements, . , , ,
. Elements, , .
. Elements, .

,
.
/

Paintbrush ().
,
, , .

Pencil (). ,
.

Airbrush (). , . "" , , , .

Elements 1.0,
(. 12.3).
Elements 2.0, Paintbrush Brush,
Pencil. , Airbrush
. , , Airbrush Options, Brush.
. , . Airbrush, , , .
, <Shift>.
, , , ,
<Shift>, , .
Elements, ,
, .
(Paint color). , " ".
(Stroke size), (Softness) (Shape).
,
. ,
, .

12.

261

Airbrush Paintbrush Pencil

Options

Layer

Select

Filter

View

Window

Help

Click and dr to paint gsq foreground color. Use Shift, t, and CW for 4ddttkml options

. 12.3. " "? Brush,


100% 80%

60%

40%

20%

. 12.4.

262

IV.

S (Paint opacity).
,
, , .
. 12.4. ,
.
S (Blending mode).
. .
Normal Color.
Normal, ,
( , ,
100%). Color . , . , , . " ", . 12.3.
Elements
Options (. . 12.3). , 1.0
2.0 Elements Options Brush
. , , .
,
, , . 12.3.
, . , ,
, ,
. .

Smudge
, ,
, , .
. Smudge (), , , ""
.
,
, . 12.5. ,
"" . , ?
,
.
Elements Smudge,
, ,
. , Smudge
Options .

12.

263

. 12.5. Smudge,
Finger Painting ( ). ,
(. 12.6), . , Smudge , . ( , , .)
Smudge

* tni dr*g lo smudo* deiired ^, SHtt. AH. and OH for Mrtiwwl option

. 72.6. Smudge " "

264

IV.

Pressure () Strength ( ).
Pressure
1.0 Elements Strength 2.0.
, .
, .
"" ,
70%.
Use All Layers ( ). , Smudge
. , (. . 12.6).


, .
.
Foreground color ( ). , " ",
. Elements
Paintbrush, Pencil Airbrush.
Background color ( ). , , , . Elements,
Photoshop, Eraser (),
. , , .
, ,
, ,
.
. , . Windows Macintosh, ,
Elements, , .
,
Elements, Windows Macintosh.
,
.

Photoshop Elements
Elements,
, (. 12.7).
.

12.

265

Eyedropper

. 12.7. Default
Colors,

,
.
Default Colors ( ), ,
.
| S Swap Colors ( ), , .
, ,
.
*/ Swatches (). Swatches (. 12.8),
Window=>Show Swatches (^ Swatches) Elements 1.0 Window^Color
Swatches (^ ) Elements 2.0. , .
Elements 1.0,
<Alt> (<Option> Macintosh). Elements 2.0, <Ctrl> (<Command> Macintosh).
. 12.8. Swatches

Eyedropper (). Eyedropper, . 12.7, , . ,


, .
Eyedropper , <Alt> (<Option>
Macintosh).

266

IV.

, . , , Sample Size ( )
Options 3 by 3 Average (3 3 ) 5 by 5 Average
(5 5 ).
Color Picker ( ).
, , .
( )
Color Picker (. 12.9). , EditoPreferences^General (^), Preference (). Color Picker
Adobe.

Color

. 12.9. , Color Picker Elements


Color Picker ,
HSB RGB, 2. , HSB . ,
. 12.9, .
,
. New Color ( ) ,
. , <Enter>.
RGB
HSB, .

12.

267


Elements .
Swatches Color Picker.
,
.

Windows
,
Windows, Color
(. 12.10).

Lightness

Hue/Saturation

Ewecofarc

Custom ft.

rrrrrr
'

. 72.10. Windows,

, .
, Basic Colors ( ).
' ,
Define Custom Colors ( ) .
, . 12.10. ( , .)
,
(hue) (saturation),
Lightness (), .
Hue, Sat Lum
,
(hue), (saturation) (luminosity) . Red, Green Blue

268

IV.

,
RGB. ( 2.)
, Custom Colors
( ) . Add to Custom Colors ( ).
16 . ,
.
Custom Colors - ,
, Add to Custom
Colors. 16 "" , Windows
(,
). ,
- .
/ Color/Solid, , . -,
: , ,
(solid color,
). , " "
.
, dithering . , , .
.

32 000 (16- ). 256
. Web-
256 .
Web- ,
() , Color,
256 . Color/Solid. , ,
.
, , .

Apple
Macintosh,

Apple (. 12.11).
Macintosh. . 12.11 Mac OS 9.1. .
, Apple HSL (
HLS), Apple RGB.

12.

269

Hue Angle: |16


Saturation: [J4
Lightness:

|%

Uo 1%

Lightness

. 12.11. ,
,
Apple HSL (Hue, Saturation, Lightness , , ), HSB (Hue,
Saturation, Brightness , , ). 2.
, .
. HSL,
, (hue)
(saturation) . (lightness). RGB , Red,
Green Blue.
, , Original () New
() . , , <Return> .



,
, . ( ,
, 11.) Fill ().
Fill, ,
. 12.1 .
. ,
,
.
.

270

IV.

(blending mode), , . . 12.1 Color,


, . , (.. , ).
, ,
, . , , , , ,
.
, .
.
,

(Normal).
, - .
.
Elements ,
Fill (. 12.12). , Edit^Fill (<=>3). : , .

. 12.12.
, Fill

, .
Use (). , . ,
. Use Foreground Color ( ) Background Color ( ).
Preserve Transparency ( ). ,
, ,
, ,
. ,
, .

12.

271

, Fill. <Alt+Backspace> (<Option+Delete>


Macintosh), ,
. <Ctrl+Backspace> (<Command+Delete>
Macintosh), .

Fill

. . ,
-
.
, ,
. Elements Paint Bucket
( ), ( ) . (
. 12.13.)
Fill, , Fill, .
Paint-bucket

. 12.13. Paint Bucket (


- )
,
( Magic Wand , ).
, , . , (foreground color).
? ,
. , . . 12.13. , , ,

272

IV.

.
, .
, , , 11.
Fill .
, , ,
, Elements.
Options.
Fill, ,
Magic Wand, 11.
, ,
.
? , Tolerance () . , , . , . 12.13, , , ,
Tolerance 32, 100%.
Contiguous (),
, .
,
.
- , .

/3{1, &
Hue
(), .
, , . (0), 120, 240.
, . , , 120 . , 120, 120 240,
.
,
. 12.1 , 83, Hue/Saturation (/) Elements.
, Elements 1.0
EnhanceoColoroHue/Saturation (1^/)
Enhance^Adjust Colors Hue/Saturation (^ ^/) Elements 2.O. . 12.14.

12.

273

. 12.14. Hue,

, , Fill Color.
- -, . Hue
, - - .
Colorize (),
Hue/Saturation, . , , , (.. , ),
Color, . , Hue, .


Photoshop Elements, Photoshop
, . , (objects), (sprites) (lenses). ,
,
.
, , ,
. , ,
, , . ,
,
, .
.
, , .
.
.

274

IV.

/ , (. 12.15).
*/ : ,
, - , . ,
.
, . ,
-.
,

.

. 12.15. ,
S , ,
Eraser, Options 50%-
. ,
" ".

/ . , . , .
, , . 12.15, , .
, ,
,
, . ,
. , ,
, .

12.

275

.
,
.

" . 12.2 12.3 . , . 12.3, ,


. 12.2, ,
. ,
,
. 12.2.
S ,
. ? , ,
.
.
,
.
S ,
. . 12.16.
: , .
100%- . 50%, . , .

. 12.16. 100%- .
50%,
(, )
, .
"" "" ( , ). ,
. 12.1 (

276

IV.

), Normal Color,
. , , .
, , ,
, Color, "" .
S ,
. Elements, , ,
, .
. ( , Layer
Styles ( ), WindowoShow Layer Styles.)

,
. ,
, , . ,
"" .

, , : ,
. , , , . , ,
flattening (, ), merging
(, ).

, , . ,
,
, ,
.
.

Elements, , . 12.3
.
,
, .
,
Elements, , .

Elements
Elements, ,
Layers (), . 12.17.
1
View=>Show Layers ( ^
Layers).

12.

277

Blending Mode

Adjustment Layer

New Layer Trash

. 12.17.
Elements Layers
.
' .
.
' -
( ).
, EditoPreferences<=>Transparency (^ ),
Preferences Transparency .
^ , .. .
Layers. -
, .
'
. ,
. , ,
, .
' Layers,
. ,
. ( Elements 2.0
More ().) , , Layer, .

278

IV.

New Layer ( )
Delete Layer ( )
New Layer Trash (),
.
.
Adjustment Layer ( ),
, , . 10.
Blending Mode ( ) Opacity () ,
.
, ,
F i l l , , Layers , - . Fill
, ,
Mode Opacity,
.
Lock (), ,
"" ,
. ,
,
. - . ,

.
,
, , . Elements
PSD.
10 7.

,
, Elements, , (Background).
.
, New Layer (
), Layers (. . 12.17).
,
.
.
,
New Layer.
S , ,
Trash,
Layers. , Trash.

12.

279

(flattening) . . , , . -,
, .

^ ,
.
,
. -
, , ,
.
S (.. ),
Layers Flatten Image ( ),
Layers,
Layer.
S , .
.
, , ,
Merge Layers ( ) Layer.
, ,
Merge Down ( ).
,
, ,
, . ( Layers, .) Merge Visible (
) Layer. , .


, , .
S . Layers, .
S . ,
Layers. , Select^Select
All ( ), , . (
, ,

280

IV.

, , .)
S .
11 ,
Layers, .
, - .
S . <Ctrl+J> (<Command+J> Macintosh).
Layer^New^Layer via Copy (
). ,
.
S .
, ,
, . , . (
, " ".)
S . Eraser
, ,
(. 12.18). ,
, , "" , .
, Eraser , .

Eraser
. 12.18. , -
( ), Eraser,
,
( )
,
Eraser Opacity () Options. -

12.

281

100%, . .
, , Opacity
Eraser, , . 12.15.
50%- ,
, ,
.
. 12.19. ( , Eraser. -
.)
Move

Eraser

. 12.19. Eraser, 50% ,


.
Eraser () , . ,
,
.
,
, GIF Web-? , "".
Layers,

282

IV.

LayersNew<=>Layer from Background (


).
,
GIF, 9. ,

JPEG.
. ,
Layers. , Move, . 12.19.
, Auto Select Layer (
) Options ,

.
. Layers
, Image , , ,
. , ( 11).
,
. , , ,
- .
: ,
PSD
Elements.


,
. ,
, . 12.3 .
, ,
, ,
, . 12.3 .
, , ,
.
,
. , ,
,
(. 12.3 ).
, , . , 11.

12.

283

S , , .
, . 12.2, ,
. ,
, ,
.
.
S ,
, . Magic
Wand .
, .
11.
/ , , , , .
. 12.20. , , .
. 12.20. ,
. 12.3 ,
JS;: ] , . 12.2 ,

S . (
, , ;
,
.)
S , , .

284

IV.

Eraser ,
.
f

"" , , , . ,

, TIFF, . ( 10, 7.)

' , .
- .
Color 50%,
, . 12.4 . (
, Elements , Hue/Saturation
Colorize; ,
" ".)
, , . , . ,
.

nfteeftaiHUfHb ^

, .
, . 12.5 .
,
. - .
,
"" .
. .
,
, . Adobe PhotoDeluxe, Elements Photoshop. ,
.
,
. , , ,
, , . , ,

12.

285

,
.
,
, , , , . , ,
.

286

IV.

CD

CD

D~

^ ,
|. .
, ?
^ . ; ,
, '' .-.
| . , ,
" '.' '

; 13 , ; 1 4 1 ,
; 15

>-

13

3filou ...
>

^
>
>

>
>
>
>
>

>1 .
f , ."" .
, , , .

,
- : ", , , , ".
, , , .
, ,
.

*1 fiasfieuietiuu }
, . ,
, 200 300 ppi
( ).
, , . , ,

13.

289

. , , .
, , .

. , , .
, ,
, 2 8.

HfiuMen&utne ,

. .

, : Best, Better, Good (, , ) Fine
Normal ( ). ,
.
. , .
, . , , . , , ,
, .

. , JPEG,
, , TIFF, .
, ,
.
, 3;
, JPEG TIFF, 7.

, ficuctffic
5, , , .
" ",
,
.

290

V.

, " ":
, ,
. , - .
, .
,
, 5 6.

,
. ISO 100.
, .
, ,
, ,
.
, ,
, .
. ,
.
5.

, . .
, .
, , , ISO 100.
, ISO 100, , ,
.
, . 5, ( ISO)
2 5.

, , . ,
.

13.

291

, , , ,
, . 12.2 . , ,
( Photoshop Elements Magic Wand).
6.
1 1 .

nfioiftaMM
[&/
, . , ,
, .
IV , .
.
, .
.
- , . , , .

/
8, , , . ,
, ,
, , .
, ,
. ,
.
,
, , , ,
, .

JlficuctHUtca,
nftafciHUfca
[ nficuctfluica!
, , ,
.
. ,

292

V.

.
, , ,
.
, .

, . 4.
, , ,
.
! , : "! !"

, ?
, ?
.
, . ,
,
. , , , , . , ,
.
, - . , , .

13.

293

14



& ...
> Internet
>
>

>
>
> ,
>
>
> ,
>

-.

- , .

: ?

: ! () ?
:

: ( .) -? ( , .)
?
:
,
Internet.
,
, . ,
, , . , , , , .
, ,
" ". , , .

294

V.

^
Web-cfHftaHUU,
,
Web-. Web-
, ,
,
, .
, ? ,
Internet. Web-,
. Internet , Web-. , Web- .
, Internet, 9.

&

, , , .
, , . , , , , - -. ,
.
,
,
.
9.

"- " 1>,


,
, Web-,
. Web-
. Web-
, .
"-" ,
Web-. .
.

14. ...

295

Web-, , :
www. ofoto . com
www. shutterf ly. com
www . nikonnet . com
www. fujifilm.net

He Web-
. - , , ,
.
. 4.

/ &
qua I/CAI/I (/
, Adobe PageMaker
Microsoft Publisher, ,
, .
Microsoft PowerPoint Corel Presentations.

. 9;
8.

*>
,
, ,
,
, . ( , Web-
.)
, .
, - . , ,
.
, , .
, , (, , )
, .
? ,
. , -

296

V.

? ,
, , .

tta tccuencfafisuc

, , . , , , ,
, "", "". .
, , .
, .

, ,
. Web-, .
, , , . ,
,
. ,
,
, .

3*1 [


,
, . , ,
. ,
, ,
, ,
, . . 1.4, 1, Microsoft Excel , .
. , , - .

14. ...

297

[
, , - . , , ,
, ,
, .
, . .
.

, teotHOfiMU /
, , , ?
, ,
, . ,
? ,
- .
- ,
,
. - !


, , , , , - .. , .

,
. ,
,
. (
8.)
, ,
, ,
. , ,
.
, ,
,
.

298

V.

15

Internet

...
>

www.dpreview.com

> www.imaging-resource.com
>

www.megapixel.net

>

www.pcphotomag.com

>

www.pcphotoreview.com

> www.peimag.com
>

www.shutterbug.net

> rec.photo.digital
>

comp.periphs.printers

> Web- -

. .
\* . , ? , . , , , .

, , , Internet. , ,
, .
Internet, . - Web-,
- ,
"digital photography" (" ") "digital cameras" ("
").
, Web-
.
Web- , , , - .

.COHt
Web-, , ,
, . ,
, Internet.

15. Internet 299

.imaging -resource
Web-,
,
. "Getting Started",
, . Web- ,
.

"" , , Web-
, .
.

.ftcfikototoag .
Web- PC Photo,
, .
,
, .

cuwa/ .ficftkotoretrieus .COM,


, , Web- . ,
. , ,
Internet .

.fteitnag. cotn
Web- Photo
Electronic Imaging. , ,
,
. Web- ,
.

300

V.

ouwur.skutterbug .net
Web- "" Shutterbug, , , , , .
, .

.fikoto .digital
,
, rec.photo.digital.
( , (newsgroup) Web-; , , , - .)
, , , .
, , , , , .
,
Web- ( ). Google (www.google.com),
. Google Groups. Search
Search.

.fterifths

.firinters

? , ? , , .
, ,
,
.

Web-ciHfiaH,uu,bi

-/


Web-. , Web- , . ,
, Web- -:
' Kodak (www.kodak.com)
Kodak (Digital
Learning Center).

15. Internet

301

^ Hewlett-Packard (www.hp.com) Learning


Library Office.
' Fujifilm (www.fujifilm.com) Web-
Picture Your Life.
f

Wacom Technologies (www.wacom.com) Tips,



, .

Adobe (www.adobe.com) Adobe Studio Web, ,



.

Web- . , Web-
, , .
Web- , ,
,
, .

302

V.


ff^1 e , ?
* ? , , ,
- ,
.
8- . , 256 .
16- . , 32 .
.
24- . , 64,7
.
BMP. Windows. , Windows,
.
CCD. charge-coupled device ( ).
,
.
CIE Lab. , .
CMOS. complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (
- ). ,
. , CCD.
CMYK. , .
, , .
CompactFlash. , .
dpi. dots per inch ( ). , ,
. , , ,
.
DPOF. , digital print order format.
, , .
.
FlashPix. ,
.
.
GIF. ,
Internet. , ,
256 .
HSB. , (hue),
(saturation ) (brightness).

303

HSL. HSB, (hue), (saturation) (lightness).


ISO. , . ,
. , ISO
, ,
.
JPEG. ,
Web-,
.
, .
JPEG 2000. JPEG, Web .
LCD. liquid crystal display
( -). .
Memory Stick. ,
Sony.
NTSC. , .
.
PAL. , .
, ,
, . . NTSC.
Photo CD. , -.
PICT. Macintosh.
BMP Windows. PICT
, .
ppi. pixels per inch ( ).
. , . , ppi,
.
RAW. , .
, , -
, , .
RGB. .
, .
SmartMedia. , .
TIFF. tagged image file format
. , Windows, Macintosh.
TWAIN. ,
,
.
USB. Universal Serial Bus. , . USB
USB- , , ,
..

304

. , , .
. . . .
. , . , , , , .
. binary digit ( ); . .
. , , , ,
.
.
, . EV (exposure value ).
. ,
. .
(Gaussian blur). , ;
. .
. 1 000 , . , . (GB).
. , . , .
. , .
. , , .
. , . , ,
.
. , ,
; .
. .
. , , - .
PCMCIA. , . PC (PC Cards).
. . ().
. ""
.
. , .
. . (MB). . .
. .
, .
. ,
. , , , -

305

EV ( ), .
. .
. Unsharp Mask ( ) ,
.
. . .
. picture element ( ).
; .
GIF (transparent GIF). , GIF,
. Web .
. , , , . ,
. ( 2.)
. ,
.
(spot metering),
, - (center-weighted metering), , , (matrix metering),
.
(continuous-capture mode). , ,
" ".
. ,
.
. ,
, .
. ,
. .
. , JPEG.
. . TIFF, JPEG GIF.
. , ,
- . , , , (out of
gamut).
. (, ).
. . RGB,
, , .

306

CMYK
, , .
. , ,
.
. ,
, ISO ,
.

307

BMP, 156

JPEG, 53; 151

CCD, 30; 52
CcMmYK, 172
CcMmYKk, 172
CMOS, 30; 52
CMYK, 46; 172

LCD, 57
LZW, 153

N
NTSC, 69; 150

D
Digita script, 69
dpi, 168; 176
DPOF, 171
DVD, 87

E
EPS, 157
EV-, 66
EXIF, 153

PAL, 69; 150


-, 76
Photo CD, 155
PICT, 156
Picture CD, 155
PIM, 180
PNG, 156
PostScript, 171
ppi, 176

F
FlashPix, 155
f-, 43

RAW, 154
RGB, 46; 172
RLE, 156

GIF, 47; 155


GIF89a, 156
Grayscale, 47

sRGB, 46

H
HSB, 267

TIFF, 153
TWAIN, 147

Indexed color, 47
iPhoto, 158
IrDA, 144
ISO, 67; 106

308

USB, 50; 79

W
Webcams, 58
Web- , 192
Windows Bitmap, 156

, 66
, 140
, 64; 119
, 105
, 66
, 65
PC Card, 81
, 195
, 234

, 122
, 43
, 80
, 76; 85
Mini CD-R, 78

DVD-R DVD-RW, 86
Iomega Zip, 85
Zip, 85
-, 85
, 302
TWAIN, 147
, 181

-, 57; 113; 140

, 126
, 225
, 72
, 105
, 187
, 113; 133
, 292
, 248

, 43

, 58; 103
, 58
, 69
, 267
NTSC, 69
, 43
, 34; 38; 177; 289

, 231
. 188
, 221
, 109; 121; 131
, 47
, 228; 241
, 301

, 144
, 43
EV, 108
, 31

, 32; 47
, 42
, 39
, 191
, 33; 36
, 191

RGB, 32
, 191
, 47
, 47
, 237
, 260
, 70
, 52
, 187
, 255

, 144
, 27

309

CompactFlash, 77
IBM Microdrive, 77
PCMCIA, 76
. Secure Digital, 77
SmartMedia, 77
Sony Memory Stick, 77
, 254
" ", 43
, 274
, 99; 128
, 63
, 223

, 162
, 61
, 62
, 93
, 62
, 63
, 62
, 235

, 216
, 236
, 236
, 50
, 40
, 92; 153
, 166

, 139
, 268
, 224
ISO, 45; 67; 106


, 252
, 295
, 37
, 40
, 268
, 268
, 20
"", 103; 130

310

, 54
, 56
, 56
, 134
, 108
, 30
, 38
PostScript, 171
, 33
-, 87
, 218

Audio-In, 150
AV-out, 150
COM, 146
IrDA, 144
Mono-Input, 150
USB, 146
Video, 150
Video-In, 150
, 149
, 146
, 83
, 291
, 28
" ", 256
, 145
-, 153
, 65; 105
, 196
, 71
, 32

, 43
, 33
, 257
, 32; 40; 123
VGA, 40; 51
XGA, 40
, 34; 41
, 40
, 40

, 40; 184
, 41
, 40
, 216
, 251

, 94

Slow-sync, 113
, 109
, 109
, 26
, 106
, 263; 271
, 71
, 67
, 226
, 211
, 293
, 66

, 222
, 29
, 280
, 72

JPEG, 151
LZW, 153
RLE, 156
, 124
, 53; 124; 152
, 52
, 135
, 169
, 45
, 249; 274
, 277

, 278
, 278
, 279
, 279
, 269
, 195
, 222
, 54; 290

, 69
, 62
, 222
, 162
, 163
, 242

, 130
, 130

, 63
, 63
, 251
, 84

IrDA, 73
RGB, 46
, 59

Cloud Dome, 117


Microtech USB CameraMate, 82
USB Lexar Media JumpShot cable, 83
, 82

, 64
, 218

, 119
, 119
, 61

BMP, 156
EPS, 157; 171
EXIF, 153
FlashPix, 155
GIF, 155
JPEG, 151
NTSC, 150
PAL, 150
Photo CD, 155
PICT, 156
PNG, 156
PSD, 151
RAW, 154
TIFF, 153
, 151
, 151
, 125
EXIF, 93
FlashPix, 126
GIF, 192
JPEG, 53; 125; 199
TIFF, 125
, 173

311

, 61;
, 113
, 161
, 91
, 195

X
, 256

, 265
, 265
, 46
16-, 269
Apple HSL, 269
CIE Lab, 48
CMYK, 32; 46; 168; 172
HSB, 48
HSL, 48

312

RGB, 172
, 47
, 115; 126
, 273
, 54
, 32
, 172
, 20
, 95
, 295
, 59

, 72; 94

, 42; 105
, 151
-, 93
, 112

"",
4-

..
..
.
..

"".
101509, , . , . 43, . 1.
. . 090230 23.06.99
.
06.05.2003. 70x100/16.
Times. .
. . . 25,8. .-. . 22,00.
4000 . 14.

" "
,
.
197110, -, ., 15.

,
2-
,
,
.

www.dialektika.com


3 . 2003 .


,

.
,
,
,
, , Photoshop
( )

,
.
,

.
.

,

,
, ,
3000 .

ILLUSTRATOR 10.

. ,

www.dialektika.com

Illustrator 10
.

,


.

,
.
,

,
"
".
,

,

.
,
Illustrator,

,

.


.

PHOTOSHOP 7.

www.dialektika.com



.
(
)
Photoshop 7,


.

,
Photoshop 7
.
( )

,
.

, ,




Photoshop 7.
,
.


.

PHOTOSHOP 7

""
-,

www.dialektika.com

Photoshop ,
.
Photoshop
.
Photoshop ,

,
.
, ,
Photoshop ,
,
.

, .

Photoshop (,
),

, ,
. Photoshop
, ,

,
.
, Photoshop, .

""


,

.
,
,
, ,
,


"--".

,
,
,

.


.

www.dialektika.com



"-"
Photoshop
type effects

^ISBN 5-8459-0423-4

ISBN 5-8459-0397-1

ISBN 5-8459-0414-5

..

ISBN 5-8459-0380-7

ISBN 5-8459-0396-3

ISBN 5-8459-0320-3

ISBN 5-8459-0402-1

ISBN 5-8459-0381-5

ISBN 5-8459-0117-0

ISBN 5-8459-0363-7

Cisco Smtus
www.dialektika.com

www.williamspublishing.com

www.ciscopress.ru

QUARKXPRESS 5.

,
,

www.dialektika.com


QuarkXPress 5.
,
,
-
.


QuarkXPress. ,


, ,
,
QuarkXPress . QuarkXPress

,
. , ,

,
.
QuarkXPress 5.

60




.
?
,
. ,

.

. ,


.

>

1

ISBN 5-8459-0458-7
:

"" Internet
: http://www.dialektika.com

.!.ifiiiiiMi*;ii:;i-- 0 3 0 5 2

"785845"90458


, .
,

,
Adobe PhotoDeluxe 4 Foi
Dummies
""