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Body Size of the 40-Year-Old Female (cm)

No.
805
973
64
309
169
916
612
459
921
506
639
754

Dimension
Stature
Wrist height
Ankle height
Elbow height
Bust depth
Verticle trunk circumference
Midshoulder height, sitting
Hip breadth, sitting
Waist back
Interscye
Neck circumference
Shoulder length

5th percentile
148.9
70.8
5.2
92.8
17.4
136.9

50th percentile
157.0
76.6
6.1
98.4
20.5
146.0

95th percentile
165.1
82.4
7.0
104.1
23.6
155.2

30.4
35.2
32.4
34.5
11.3

33.7
38.1
35.7
37.1
13.1

37.0
41.0
39.0
39.7
14.8

No.
758
330
529
678
751
194
420
411
416

Dimension
Sitting height
Eye height, sitting
Knee height, sitting
Popliteal height
Shoulder-elbow length
Buttock-knee length
Hand length
Hand breadth
Hand circumference

5th percentile
78.3
68.1
41.6
34.7
27.2
48.9
15.8
6.9
16.5

50th percentile
84.8
73.8
45.6
38.3
29.8
53.3
17.2
7.8
17.9

95th percentile
91.2
79.5
49.5
41.9
32.4
57.8
18.7
8.6
19.3

Body Size of the 40-Year-Old Male (cm)

No.
805
973
64
309
236
916
612
459
921
506
639
754
378

Dimension
Stature
Wrist height
Ankle height
Elbow height
Bust depth
Verticle trunk circumference
Midshoulder height, sitting
Hip breadth, sitting
Waist back
Interscye
Neck circumference
Shoulder length
Forearm-forearm breadth

5th percentile
169.7

50th percentile
179.9

95th percentile
190.1

12.0

13.9

15.8

21.8
158.7
60.8
34.6
43.7
32.9
35.5
14.8
48.8

25.0
170.7
65.4
38.4
47.6
39.2
38.7
16.9
55.1

28.2
182.6
70.0
42.3
51.6
45.4
41.9
19.0
61.5

No.
758
330
529
678
751
194
420
411
416

Dimension
Sitting height
Eye height, sitting
Knee height, sitting
Popliteal height
Shoulder-elbow length
Buttock-knee length
Hand length
Hand breadth
Hand circumference

5th percentile
88.9
76.8
52.6
40.6
33.7
56.8
17.9
8.2
20.3

50th percentile
94.2
81.9
56.7
44.4
36.6
61.3
19.3
8.9
21.8

95th percentile
99.5
86.9
60.9
48.1
39.4
65.8
20.6
9.6
23.4

Joint Movement Ranges for Males and Females

Image No.
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
5
5
6
6
7
8
8
9
9
10
10
11
12
13
14
14

Joint Movement
Neck, rotation right (A)
Neck, rotation left (B)
Neck, flexion (B)
Neck, extension (A)
Neck, lateral bend right (A)
Neck, lateral bend left (B)
Shoulder, abduction
Shoulder, rotation lateral (A)
Shoulder, rotation medial (B)
Shoulder, flexion (A)
Shoulder, extension (B)
Elbow, flexion (A)
Forearm, pronation (B)
Forearm, supination (A)
Wrist, radial bend (B)
Wrist, ulnar bend (A)
Wrist, flexion (A)
Wrist, extension (B)
Hip, flexion
Hip, abduction (B)
Knee, flexion
Ankle, plantar extension (A)
Ankle, dorsi flexion (B)

Males
Females
5th percentile 95th percentile 5th percentile 95th percentile
73.3
99.6
74.9
108.8
74.3
99.1
72.2
109
34.5
71.0
46.0
84.4
65.4
103.0
64.9
103
34.9
63.5
37.0
63.2
35.5
63.5
29.1
77.2
173.2
188.7
172.6
192.9
46.3
96.7
53.8
85.8
90.5
126.6
95.8
130.9
164.4
210.9
152
217
39.6
83.3
33.7
87.9
140.5
159
144.9
165.9
78.2
116.1
82.3
118.9
83.4
125.8
90.4
139.5
16.9
36.7
16.1
36.1
18.6
47.9
21.5
43
61.5
94.8
68.3
98.1
40.1
78
42.3
74.7
116.5
148
118.5
145
26.8
53.5
27.2
55.9
118.4
145.6
125.2
145.2
36.1
79.6
44.2
91.1
8.1
19.9
6.9
17.4

Right Hand
Left Hand

5th percentile
467
427

Grip Strength for Males (N)


50th percentile
95th percentile
596
729
552
685

Population S.D.
80.1
71.2

Right Hand
Left Hand

Grip Strength for Females (N)


5th percentile
50th percentile
95th percentile
258
325
387
254
329
405

Population S.D.
39.1
45.8

Arm, Hand, and Thumb/Finger Strength (5th Percentile Male Data, N)

1
Degree of elbow
flexion (rad)

5/6
2/3
1/2
1/3

2
Pull
Left
222
187
151
142
116

3
Push
Right
231
249
137
165
107

1
Degree of elbow
flexion (rad)

5/6
2/3
1/2
1/3

Momentary
Sustained

Left
187
133
116
98
96

4
Up
Right
222
187
160
160
151

Left
40
57
76
76
67

6
In
Left
58
67
89
71
76

8
Hand Grip
Left
Right
250
260
145
155

Right
62
80
107
89
89
7
Out

Right
89
89
98
80
89

Left
36
36
45
45
53

9/10
Thumb-Finger Grip
Left
Right
60
60
35
35

Right
62
67
67
71
76

5
Down
Left
Right
53
75
80
89
93
116
93
116
80
89

Maximal Static Push Forces (N)


Distances

100 percent of
shoulder height

50
60
70
80
90
100

50
50
70

SD
142
160
271
400
302
254

50
262
60
298
70
360
80
520
90
494
100
427
Percent of thumb tip reach *

67
71
98
142
169
173

50
60
70
80
90
Percent of span **

369
347
520
707
325

138
125
165
191
133

774
778
818

214
165
138

100
120
120

Preferred Hand

100 percent of
shoulder height

Force
Mean
583
667
983
1285
979
645

Both Hands

Force-plate height

Notes:
(1) Height of the center of the force plate - 200 mm (8 in.) high by 254 mm (10 in.) long - upon which
force is applied. (2) Horizontal distance between the vertical surface of the force plate and the
opposing vertical surface (wall or footrest, respectively) against which the subject brace themselves.
*Thumb-tip reach - distance from backrest to tip of subjects thumb as thumb and fingertips are passed
together.
**Span - the maximal distance between a persons fingertips as he extends his arms and hands to each
side.

Body Size of the 40-Year-Old Female (cm)

No.
949
249
216
103
946
735
178
312
856
381
200

Dimension
Waist height
Crotch height
Calf height
Biacromial breadth
Waist front
Scye circumference
Buttock circumference
Elbow rest height
Thigh clearance
Forearm hand length
Buttock-popliteal length

5th percentile
90.1
65.2
25.5
32.4

50th percentile
96.7
70.6
28.9
35.7

95th percentile
103.4
76.1
32.3
39

32.3
79.99
20.7
11.2
37.3
37.9

36.1
87.1
25
12.9
41.7
41.7

39.8
94.3
29.3
14.5
44.6
45.5

No.

Dimension
Acromial (shoulder) height
Trochanteric height
Tibiale height
Bideltoid (shoulder) breadth
Chest breadth
Hip breadth
Bizgomatic (face) breadth
Head breadth

5th percentile
119.6
71.0
35.9
35.6
24.5
30.5
13.3
14.4

50th percentile
127.1
76.7
39.3
38.9
26.8
32.9
14.5
15.6

95th percentile
134.5
82.4
42.7
42.1
29.0
35.3
15.7
16.8

23
894
873
122
223
457
165
427

Body Size of the 40-Year-Old Female (cm)

No.
747
230
931
852
515
207
113
967
111
369

Dimension
Shoulder circumference
Chest circumference
Waist circumference
Thigh circumference
knee circumference
Calf circumference
Biceps circumference, relax
Wrist circumference
Biceps circumference, flex
Forearm circumference, relax

5th percentile

50th percentile

95th percentile

73.2
55.3
45.6
31.0
30.3
21.8
13.7

82.1
63.2
51.6
34.6
34.1
25.5
15.0

90.9
71.2
57.7
38.2
37.8
29.3
16.2

19.9

22.0

24.1

No.

Dimension
Thumb-tip reach
Sleeve length
Head length
Head circumference
Menton-sellion (face) length
Foot length
Foor breadth
Ball of foot circumference

5th percentile
65.2

50th percentile
71.6

95th percentile
78.0

16.7
53.2
9.0
21.3
8.6
21.0

18.2
55.2
10.8
22.9
9.3
22.7

19.6
57.2
12.6
24.4
10.0
24.3

67
772
441
430
586
362
356
97

Body Size of the 40-Year-Old Male (cm)

No.
949
249
215
103
946
735
178
312
856
381
200

Dimension
Waist height
Crotch height
Calf height
Biacromial breadth
Waist front
Scye circumference
Buttock circumference
Elbow rest height
Thigh clearance
Forearm hand length
Buttock-popliteal length

5th percentile
100.4
79.4
32.5
37.9
37.2
44.4
91
21.1
14.5

50th percentile
108.3
86.4
36.2
41.1
40.9
49
100.2
25.4
16.8

95th percentile
116.2
93.3
40
44.3
44.5
53.6
109.4
29.7
19.1

46.9

51.2

55.5

No.

Dimension
Acromial (shoulder) height
Trochanteric height
Tibiale height
Bideltoid (shoulder) breadth
Chest breadth
Hip breadth
Bizgomatic (face) breadth
Head breadth

5th percentile
138.0
88.3

50th percentile
147.6
95.8

95th percentile
157.3
102.9

44.6
29.7
32.7
13.4
14.8

48.9
33.2
35.8
14.3
15.7

53.2
36.7
39.0
15.1
16.5

23
894
873
122
223
457
165
427

Body Size of the 40-Year-Old Male (cm)

No.
747
230
931
852
515
207
113
967
111
369

Dimension
Shoulder circumference
Chest circumference
Waist circumference
Thigh circumference
knee circumference
Calf circumference
Biceps circumference, relax
Wrist circumference
Biceps circumference, flex
Forearm circumference, relax

5th percentile
109.5
89.4
77.1
52.5
35.9
33.9
27.3
16.2
29.4
27.4

50th percentile
119.2
100.0
89.5
60.0
39.4
37.6
31.2
17.7
33.2
30.1

95th percentile
128.8
110.6
101.9
67.4
42.9
41.4
35.1
19.3
36.9
32.7

No.

Dimension
Thumb-tip reach
Sleeve length
Head length
Head circumference
Menton-sellion (face) length
Foot length
Foor breadth
Ball of foot circumference

5th percentile
74.9
86.2
18.8
55.5
11.1
25.4
9.0
23.1

50th percentile
81.6
92.0
20.0
57.8
12.1
27.3
9.9
25.1

95th percentile
88.2
97.9
21.1
60.2
13.1
29.3
10.7
27.2

67
772
441
430
586
362
356
97