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Published by: PRASAD326 on Feb 24, 2009
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Crystallizing coatings are obtained in conditions of technical vacuum, as
the result of crystallization of usually ionized metal vapours on a cold
substrate or one preheated to 200 to 500ºC. The metal vapours form com-
pounds with ionized elements of gases which constitute the plasma (ni-
trides, oxides) or with elements from the substrate (carbides). Crystallizing
coatings are mainly compounds of non-metals with metals (nitrides, car-
bides, oxides, borides, silicides, carbonitrides and aluminonitrides) or pure
metals (e.g., aluminum). Coatings formed by compounds of metals with
non-metals have thicknesses of the order of several micrometers, are very
hard, wear resistant, with an attractive golden or gray color. They are bound
to the substrate by adhesion, very rarely by adhesion and diffusion. De-
pending on the method of deposition of the metal vapour, these coatings
are divided into

– vapour deposition (electroless) - these are usually metal coatings, ob-
tained by thermal vaporization of the coating material and its electroless
deposition in the non-ionized state, e.g., silver, aluminum. They are used as
reflectors in optical and thermal devices;
– ion vapour deposition - deposition of metal vapours from a gas
which is electrically ionized; these are mainly composed of carbides, ni-
trides or borides, applied as technical coatings with high wear resistance,
but also sometimes as decorative and optical.

6.4 Potential properties of coatings

Similarly to potential properties of surface layers, the potential properties
of coatings may be divided into the following groups: geometrical, geo-
metric-physico-chemical and physico-chemical. They are described by the
same parameters as the properties of surface layers but, in addition, supple-
mented by other parameters, especially for coatings.

© 1999 by CRC Press LLC

6.4.1 Geometrical parameters of coatings

Geometrical parameters of coatings include thickness, three-dimensional struc-
ture of the surface, unevenness and coating defects.

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