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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: PRASAD326 on Feb 24, 2009
Direitos Autorais:Attribution Non-commercial


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Defects of the three-dimensional structure, which are simply coating de-
fects, all have the same character as those of the surface layer (see Section The most frequent defects, common to both surface layers and coat-
ings, are blemishes, scratches, cracks and porosity.
Among the most important defects, common to all coatings, are non-uni-
form thickness (including object edges), delamination, exfoliation, incomplete
coverage, pits, blisters, raising of the coating, brittleness, chipping, and sag-
ging. Moreover, each type of coating exhibits certain own, characteristic de-
fects. Among the most frequently encountered are:
– for metallic, electroplated coatings: burns, streaks, striation, hazi-
ness, roughness (here understood as major build-ups or surface contami-
nation inclusions), spots, decoloration, excessive matting and runs [43];

© 1999 by CRC Press LLC

– for organic paint coatings: bleaching, browning, webbling, blushing,
spots, pinholing, uneven color, uneven luster, pock-marking, orange peel,
crocodile skin, fading and runs [46];
– for sprayed inorganic coatings: irregularity of coating thickness (re-
sulting from “spitting” by the spray gun), varying degree of melting of
coating material particles.

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