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Revisão 9 ano iNGLES 2 (1)

Revisão 9 ano iNGLES 2 (1)

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Publicado porChris Carmo

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Published by: Chris Carmo on Feb 28, 2013
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INGLÊS

LESSON 4 – PAST CONTINUOUS (LIÇÃO 4 – PASSADOCONTINUO)
Usa-se o Past Continuous ou Passado Contínuo para expressar a) ações que estavam acontecendo em um determinado momento do passado. Ex: They were studying five minutes ago. (Eles estavam estudando cinco minutos atrás). b) uma ação que estava acontecendo quando uma outra ação ocorreu. Neste caso, usa-se WHEN (quando) para relacionar as duas ações. Ex: He was having dinner when the phone rang. (Ele estava jantando quando o telefone tocou). c) duas ações que estavam acontecendo no mesmo momento do passado. Neste caso, usa-se WHILE (enquanto) para relacionar as duas ações. Ex: She was cleaning the house while he was washing the dishes. (Ela estava limpando a casa enquanto ele estava lavando a louça). Forma Afirmativa O Past Continuous ou Passado Contínuo é formado pelo passado simples do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo verbo principal no gerúndio, ou seja, com a terminação ING. Se houver dúvidas em relação à formação do gerúndio em inglês, volte à lição sobre o Present Continuos no item Formação do to work = trabalhar Forma Negativa Forma Contraída I was not working I wasn’t working You were not working You weren’t working He was not working He wasn’t working She was not working She wasn’t working It was not working It wasn’t working We were not working We weren’t working You were not working You weren’t working They were not working They weren’t working Gerúndio. Observe a conjugação de dois verbos no Passado Contínuo na tabela abaixo: to work = trabalhar to stop = parar Conjugação Conjugação I was working I was stopping You were working You were stopping He was working He was stopping She was working She was stopping It was working It was stopping We were working We were stopping You were working You were stopping They were working They were stopping Forma Negativa Para se formar frases negativas no Past Continuous basta acrescentar a partícula de negação not depois do verbo to be (was / were). A forma contraída do verbo to be com a partícula de negação é possível também no Past Continuous. Observe a tabela abaixo, com a conjugação de dois verbos.

to stop = parar Forma Negativa Forma Contraída I was not stopping I wasn’t stopping You were not stopping You weren’t stopping He was not stopping He wasn’t stopping She was not stopping She wasn’t stopping It was not stopping It wasn’t stopping We were not stopping We weren’t stopping You were not stopping You weren’t stopping They were not stopping They weren’t stopping to work = trabalhar Was I working ? Were you working ? Was he working ? Was she working ? Was it working ? Were we working ? Were you working ? Were they working ? to stop = parar Was I stopping ? Were you stopping ? Was he stopping ? Was she stopping? Was it stopping ? Were we stopping ? Were you stopping ? Were they stopping ?

Forma Interrogativa Para formar frases interrogativas, deve-se inverter a posição do pronome (sujeito) com o verbo to be e incluir o ponto de interrogação no final da frase. Observe a conjugação de dois verbos na forma interrogativa na tabela ao lado.

Editora Exato

16

O sujeito da segunda frase é Alan (ele). they No. you were. a resposta correta é a letra a.INGLÊS Short Answer (Respostas curtas) Short Answer – Não Was I working? No. Were you working? Yes. I wasn’t. they No. No. Resolução: Para uma frase estar no Past Continuous ela necessita de dois verbos: o verbo to be no passado (was / were) e o verbo principal no gerúndio (ING). Were you stopping? No. it was. Were you working? No. No. A segunda frase só apresenta o verbo no gerúndio (playing) faltando antes dele o verbo to be were. ESTUDO DIRIGIDO EXERCÍCIOS RESOLVIDOS to work = trabalhar Short Answer – Sim Yes. a) was crying – was smoking – were looking. Were we stopping? Yes. weren’t. Assim. weren’t. she was. Was it working? Yes. II – Alan ______ (to smoke) his pipe in his room. I – The baby _________ (to cry) 10 minutes ago. she wasn’t. you were. we weren’t. b) was crying – was smoking – was looking. it wasn’t. I wasn’t. Were they working? Yes. you No. it wasn’t. Yes. porém o segundo verbo. b) The boys playing chess. it was. III – Tom and Ted ____ (to look) at the car in the garage. a) He was read a comic book. deveria estar na forma do gerúndio: reading. No. weren’t. I was. b) were sleeping. Was she stopping? Yes. Resolução: O Past Continuous é formado pelo passado do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo gerúndio (ING) do verbo principal. he was. d) was sleep. we were. Short Answer – Não Was I stopping? No. c) We were at school. então usa-se o verbo to be were e o gerúndio do verbo to look que é looking. Assim. Were they stopping? Yes. Were we working? Yes. they were. you No. EXERCÍCIOS 1 2 Quando é usado o Past Continuous em inglês? Como é formado o modo forma afirmativo do Past Continuous em inglês? Como é formado o negativo e o interrogativo do Past Continuous? 3 1 Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “My father _______________ on the sofa”? a) was sleeping. Was she working? Yes. E o sujeito da última frase é Tom and Ted (eles). No. you were. Was he working? No. Então a resposta correta é a letra d. d) were crying – were smoking – was looking. we weren’t. I was. A terceira frase só apresenta o verbo to be no passado (were). she was. she wasn’t. Yes. he wasn’t. you weren’t. Was he stopping? No. he was. Was it stopping? Yes. he wasn’t. então usa-se o verbo to be was e o gerúndio de to smoke que é smoking. you were. Complete as frases abaixo. Yes. d) I was studying for the test. E a quarta frase possui dois verbos: was (verbo to be no passado) e studying (gerúndio do verbo to study). weren’t. c) were crying – were smoking – were looking. Were you stopping? Yes. como o sujeito da primeira frase é The baby (a criança) usa-se o verbo to be was e o gerúndio de to cry que é crying. read. Editora Exato 17 . we were. 1 to stop = parar Short Answer – Sim Yes. com o Past Continuous e depois marque a alternativa com a seqüência correta dos verbos. 2 Marque a alternativa cuja frase não esteja na forma correta do Past Continuous. c) were sleep. you weren’t. No. Yes. they were. A primeira frase possui dois verbos. No.

Exemplo: Were you doing your homework? (Você estava fazendo seu dever de casa?). basta acrescentar a partícula de negação not depois do verbo to be (was / were). Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “While the teacher __________ the subject. com a terminação 2 Editora Exato 18 . Santa Claus. Nicholas. ou simplesmente Santa. Exemplo: I was doing my homework (Eu estava fazendo meu dever de casa). c) was explaining – were talking. é um outro nome em inglês para Father Christmas. c) Was – watching. para expressar uma ação que estava acontecendo quando uma outra ação ocorreu e para expressar duas ações que estavam acontecendo no mesmo momento do passado. Qual é a forma interrogaiva frase “The children were looking for the cat”? a) Were the children looking for the cat? b) The were children looking for the cat? c) The children were looking for the cat? d) Looking the children were for the cat? GABARITO ING.INGLÊS 2 Marque a alternativa que complete corretamente a frase “________ the boys ____________ TV an hour ago? a) Was – watch. the students __________________”? a) were explain – was talk. d) Not it was raining outside. 6 Estudo dirigido 1 O Past Continuous é usado para expressar ações que estavam acontecendo em um determinado momento do passado. d) Were – watching. “Papai Noel”. d) were having – ringing. É uma corruptela americana do nome que vem de um dialeto holandês – Santa Klaas. Exercícios 1 2 3 4 5 6 A D B C B A CURIOSITY (CURIOSIDADE) 3 3 4 5 SANTA CLAUS = Papai Noel Santa Claus brings presents for children at Christmas. d) were explaining – was talking. b) was having – rang. que significa St. Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “She _________________ a shower when her cell phone ______________”? a) was having – ringing. c) were having – rang. O Papai Noel traz presentes para as crianças no Natal. Exemplo: I was not doing my homework (Eu não estava fazendo meu dever de casa). b) Were – watch. b) was explain – were talk. Qual é a forma negativa da frase “It was raining outside”? a) It not was raining outside. padroeiro das crianças holandesas. Para se formar frases negativas no Past Continuous. O Past Continuous é formado pelo passado simples do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo verbo principal no gerúndio. “São Nicolau”. E para formar frases interrogativas deve-se inverter a posição do pronome (sujeito) com o verbo to be e incluir o ponto de interrogação no final da frase. b) It was not raining outside. c) It not wasn’t raining outside. ou seja.

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