INGLÊS

LESSON 4 – PAST CONTINUOUS (LIÇÃO 4 – PASSADOCONTINUO)
Usa-se o Past Continuous ou Passado Contínuo para expressar a) ações que estavam acontecendo em um determinado momento do passado. Ex: They were studying five minutes ago. (Eles estavam estudando cinco minutos atrás). b) uma ação que estava acontecendo quando uma outra ação ocorreu. Neste caso, usa-se WHEN (quando) para relacionar as duas ações. Ex: He was having dinner when the phone rang. (Ele estava jantando quando o telefone tocou). c) duas ações que estavam acontecendo no mesmo momento do passado. Neste caso, usa-se WHILE (enquanto) para relacionar as duas ações. Ex: She was cleaning the house while he was washing the dishes. (Ela estava limpando a casa enquanto ele estava lavando a louça). Forma Afirmativa O Past Continuous ou Passado Contínuo é formado pelo passado simples do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo verbo principal no gerúndio, ou seja, com a terminação ING. Se houver dúvidas em relação à formação do gerúndio em inglês, volte à lição sobre o Present Continuos no item Formação do to work = trabalhar Forma Negativa Forma Contraída I was not working I wasn’t working You were not working You weren’t working He was not working He wasn’t working She was not working She wasn’t working It was not working It wasn’t working We were not working We weren’t working You were not working You weren’t working They were not working They weren’t working Gerúndio. Observe a conjugação de dois verbos no Passado Contínuo na tabela abaixo: to work = trabalhar to stop = parar Conjugação Conjugação I was working I was stopping You were working You were stopping He was working He was stopping She was working She was stopping It was working It was stopping We were working We were stopping You were working You were stopping They were working They were stopping Forma Negativa Para se formar frases negativas no Past Continuous basta acrescentar a partícula de negação not depois do verbo to be (was / were). A forma contraída do verbo to be com a partícula de negação é possível também no Past Continuous. Observe a tabela abaixo, com a conjugação de dois verbos.

to stop = parar Forma Negativa Forma Contraída I was not stopping I wasn’t stopping You were not stopping You weren’t stopping He was not stopping He wasn’t stopping She was not stopping She wasn’t stopping It was not stopping It wasn’t stopping We were not stopping We weren’t stopping You were not stopping You weren’t stopping They were not stopping They weren’t stopping to work = trabalhar Was I working ? Were you working ? Was he working ? Was she working ? Was it working ? Were we working ? Were you working ? Were they working ? to stop = parar Was I stopping ? Were you stopping ? Was he stopping ? Was she stopping? Was it stopping ? Were we stopping ? Were you stopping ? Were they stopping ?

Forma Interrogativa Para formar frases interrogativas, deve-se inverter a posição do pronome (sujeito) com o verbo to be e incluir o ponto de interrogação no final da frase. Observe a conjugação de dois verbos na forma interrogativa na tabela ao lado.

Editora Exato

16

No. c) We were at school. you were. O sujeito da segunda frase é Alan (ele). they No. d) I was studying for the test. 1 to stop = parar Short Answer – Sim Yes. II – Alan ______ (to smoke) his pipe in his room. she wasn’t. b) were sleeping. c) were crying – were smoking – were looking. she was. A segunda frase só apresenta o verbo no gerúndio (playing) faltando antes dele o verbo to be were. you No. No. d) were crying – were smoking – was looking. No. Were they stopping? Yes. então usa-se o verbo to be was e o gerúndio de to smoke que é smoking. Were you stopping? No. Was she working? Yes. Were you working? No. Were you stopping? Yes. No. Were you working? Yes. Assim. you weren’t. it was. Was he working? No.INGLÊS Short Answer (Respostas curtas) Short Answer – Não Was I working? No. he was. a resposta correta é a letra a. we were. it wasn’t. I – The baby _________ (to cry) 10 minutes ago. deveria estar na forma do gerúndio: reading. weren’t. com o Past Continuous e depois marque a alternativa com a seqüência correta dos verbos. weren’t. a) He was read a comic book. Were we stopping? Yes. you were. E a quarta frase possui dois verbos: was (verbo to be no passado) e studying (gerúndio do verbo to study). como o sujeito da primeira frase é The baby (a criança) usa-se o verbo to be was e o gerúndio de to cry que é crying. we weren’t. Short Answer – Não Was I stopping? No. I wasn’t. c) were sleep. it was. we weren’t. Assim. No. weren’t. b) The boys playing chess. you were. E o sujeito da última frase é Tom and Ted (eles). Yes. she was. you No. read. they No. it wasn’t. she wasn’t. you were. Were we working? Yes. he was. you weren’t. porém o segundo verbo. Were they working? Yes. ESTUDO DIRIGIDO EXERCÍCIOS RESOLVIDOS to work = trabalhar Short Answer – Sim Yes. Complete as frases abaixo. Resolução: O Past Continuous é formado pelo passado do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo gerúndio (ING) do verbo principal. Was it stopping? Yes. Was she stopping? Yes. Yes. A terceira frase só apresenta o verbo to be no passado (were). I was. Editora Exato 17 . Resolução: Para uma frase estar no Past Continuous ela necessita de dois verbos: o verbo to be no passado (was / were) e o verbo principal no gerúndio (ING). Yes. EXERCÍCIOS 1 2 Quando é usado o Past Continuous em inglês? Como é formado o modo forma afirmativo do Past Continuous em inglês? Como é formado o negativo e o interrogativo do Past Continuous? 3 1 Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “My father _______________ on the sofa”? a) was sleeping. a) was crying – was smoking – were looking. they were. they were. Was he stopping? No. d) was sleep. I wasn’t. he wasn’t. 2 Marque a alternativa cuja frase não esteja na forma correta do Past Continuous. we were. Então a resposta correta é a letra d. b) was crying – was smoking – was looking. Yes. III – Tom and Ted ____ (to look) at the car in the garage. então usa-se o verbo to be were e o gerúndio do verbo to look que é looking. weren’t. he wasn’t. I was. A primeira frase possui dois verbos. Was it working? Yes. No.

Exercícios 1 2 3 4 5 6 A D B C B A CURIOSITY (CURIOSIDADE) 3 3 4 5 SANTA CLAUS = Papai Noel Santa Claus brings presents for children at Christmas. d) were explaining – was talking. c) was explaining – were talking. c) were having – rang. O Papai Noel traz presentes para as crianças no Natal. Santa Claus. é um outro nome em inglês para Father Christmas. b) was having – rang. b) Were – watch. Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “While the teacher __________ the subject. “São Nicolau”. b) It was not raining outside. O Past Continuous é formado pelo passado simples do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo verbo principal no gerúndio. basta acrescentar a partícula de negação not depois do verbo to be (was / were). E para formar frases interrogativas deve-se inverter a posição do pronome (sujeito) com o verbo to be e incluir o ponto de interrogação no final da frase. d) Were – watching. c) It not wasn’t raining outside. d) were having – ringing. com a terminação 2 Editora Exato 18 . d) Not it was raining outside. Nicholas. “Papai Noel”. Exemplo: Were you doing your homework? (Você estava fazendo seu dever de casa?). 6 Estudo dirigido 1 O Past Continuous é usado para expressar ações que estavam acontecendo em um determinado momento do passado. Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “She _________________ a shower when her cell phone ______________”? a) was having – ringing. the students __________________”? a) were explain – was talk. Exemplo: I was doing my homework (Eu estava fazendo meu dever de casa). Para se formar frases negativas no Past Continuous. Exemplo: I was not doing my homework (Eu não estava fazendo meu dever de casa). Qual é a forma negativa da frase “It was raining outside”? a) It not was raining outside. ou simplesmente Santa. c) Was – watching. ou seja. É uma corruptela americana do nome que vem de um dialeto holandês – Santa Klaas. para expressar uma ação que estava acontecendo quando uma outra ação ocorreu e para expressar duas ações que estavam acontecendo no mesmo momento do passado. padroeiro das crianças holandesas.INGLÊS 2 Marque a alternativa que complete corretamente a frase “________ the boys ____________ TV an hour ago? a) Was – watch. b) was explain – were talk. Qual é a forma interrogaiva frase “The children were looking for the cat”? a) Were the children looking for the cat? b) The were children looking for the cat? c) The children were looking for the cat? d) Looking the children were for the cat? GABARITO ING. que significa St.