INGLÊS

LESSON 4 – PAST CONTINUOUS (LIÇÃO 4 – PASSADOCONTINUO)
Usa-se o Past Continuous ou Passado Contínuo para expressar a) ações que estavam acontecendo em um determinado momento do passado. Ex: They were studying five minutes ago. (Eles estavam estudando cinco minutos atrás). b) uma ação que estava acontecendo quando uma outra ação ocorreu. Neste caso, usa-se WHEN (quando) para relacionar as duas ações. Ex: He was having dinner when the phone rang. (Ele estava jantando quando o telefone tocou). c) duas ações que estavam acontecendo no mesmo momento do passado. Neste caso, usa-se WHILE (enquanto) para relacionar as duas ações. Ex: She was cleaning the house while he was washing the dishes. (Ela estava limpando a casa enquanto ele estava lavando a louça). Forma Afirmativa O Past Continuous ou Passado Contínuo é formado pelo passado simples do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo verbo principal no gerúndio, ou seja, com a terminação ING. Se houver dúvidas em relação à formação do gerúndio em inglês, volte à lição sobre o Present Continuos no item Formação do to work = trabalhar Forma Negativa Forma Contraída I was not working I wasn’t working You were not working You weren’t working He was not working He wasn’t working She was not working She wasn’t working It was not working It wasn’t working We were not working We weren’t working You were not working You weren’t working They were not working They weren’t working Gerúndio. Observe a conjugação de dois verbos no Passado Contínuo na tabela abaixo: to work = trabalhar to stop = parar Conjugação Conjugação I was working I was stopping You were working You were stopping He was working He was stopping She was working She was stopping It was working It was stopping We were working We were stopping You were working You were stopping They were working They were stopping Forma Negativa Para se formar frases negativas no Past Continuous basta acrescentar a partícula de negação not depois do verbo to be (was / were). A forma contraída do verbo to be com a partícula de negação é possível também no Past Continuous. Observe a tabela abaixo, com a conjugação de dois verbos.

to stop = parar Forma Negativa Forma Contraída I was not stopping I wasn’t stopping You were not stopping You weren’t stopping He was not stopping He wasn’t stopping She was not stopping She wasn’t stopping It was not stopping It wasn’t stopping We were not stopping We weren’t stopping You were not stopping You weren’t stopping They were not stopping They weren’t stopping to work = trabalhar Was I working ? Were you working ? Was he working ? Was she working ? Was it working ? Were we working ? Were you working ? Were they working ? to stop = parar Was I stopping ? Were you stopping ? Was he stopping ? Was she stopping? Was it stopping ? Were we stopping ? Were you stopping ? Were they stopping ?

Forma Interrogativa Para formar frases interrogativas, deve-se inverter a posição do pronome (sujeito) com o verbo to be e incluir o ponto de interrogação no final da frase. Observe a conjugação de dois verbos na forma interrogativa na tabela ao lado.

Editora Exato

16

E o sujeito da última frase é Tom and Ted (eles). Were we working? Yes. Were they working? Yes. I wasn’t. No. he was. No. we weren’t. we were. Was he stopping? No. Was it stopping? Yes. it was. Então a resposta correta é a letra d. No. deveria estar na forma do gerúndio: reading. Yes. we weren’t. Yes. b) The boys playing chess. 2 Marque a alternativa cuja frase não esteja na forma correta do Past Continuous. they No. Were you working? Yes. they were. she was. Complete as frases abaixo. it wasn’t. you No. d) I was studying for the test. he wasn’t. III – Tom and Ted ____ (to look) at the car in the garage. c) We were at school. Were we stopping? Yes. d) was sleep. b) were sleeping. you weren’t. you were. read. a) He was read a comic book. you were. I – The baby _________ (to cry) 10 minutes ago. weren’t. No. Was he working? No. como o sujeito da primeira frase é The baby (a criança) usa-se o verbo to be was e o gerúndio de to cry que é crying. a) was crying – was smoking – were looking. she wasn’t. No. No. A primeira frase possui dois verbos. ESTUDO DIRIGIDO EXERCÍCIOS RESOLVIDOS to work = trabalhar Short Answer – Sim Yes. I was. he wasn’t. O sujeito da segunda frase é Alan (ele). então usa-se o verbo to be were e o gerúndio do verbo to look que é looking. they No. EXERCÍCIOS 1 2 Quando é usado o Past Continuous em inglês? Como é formado o modo forma afirmativo do Past Continuous em inglês? Como é formado o negativo e o interrogativo do Past Continuous? 3 1 Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “My father _______________ on the sofa”? a) was sleeping. c) were crying – were smoking – were looking. it was. Were you working? No. weren’t. you were. she was. Were you stopping? Yes. A terceira frase só apresenta o verbo to be no passado (were). com o Past Continuous e depois marque a alternativa com a seqüência correta dos verbos. you weren’t. d) were crying – were smoking – was looking. weren’t. Short Answer – Não Was I stopping? No. porém o segundo verbo. Assim. Editora Exato 17 . Assim. II – Alan ______ (to smoke) his pipe in his room. I was. E a quarta frase possui dois verbos: was (verbo to be no passado) e studying (gerúndio do verbo to study). então usa-se o verbo to be was e o gerúndio de to smoke que é smoking. Was she stopping? Yes. a resposta correta é a letra a. Were you stopping? No. b) was crying – was smoking – was looking. we were. I wasn’t. you were. Were they stopping? Yes. A segunda frase só apresenta o verbo no gerúndio (playing) faltando antes dele o verbo to be were. Resolução: Para uma frase estar no Past Continuous ela necessita de dois verbos: o verbo to be no passado (was / were) e o verbo principal no gerúndio (ING). they were. she wasn’t.INGLÊS Short Answer (Respostas curtas) Short Answer – Não Was I working? No. Yes. 1 to stop = parar Short Answer – Sim Yes. he was. you No. Yes. Resolução: O Past Continuous é formado pelo passado do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo gerúndio (ING) do verbo principal. c) were sleep. weren’t. Was it working? Yes. Was she working? Yes. it wasn’t.

“Papai Noel”. ou simplesmente Santa. 6 Estudo dirigido 1 O Past Continuous é usado para expressar ações que estavam acontecendo em um determinado momento do passado. Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “She _________________ a shower when her cell phone ______________”? a) was having – ringing. Exercícios 1 2 3 4 5 6 A D B C B A CURIOSITY (CURIOSIDADE) 3 3 4 5 SANTA CLAUS = Papai Noel Santa Claus brings presents for children at Christmas. Exemplo: I was doing my homework (Eu estava fazendo meu dever de casa). c) was explaining – were talking. padroeiro das crianças holandesas. basta acrescentar a partícula de negação not depois do verbo to be (was / were). O Past Continuous é formado pelo passado simples do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo verbo principal no gerúndio. Exemplo: Were you doing your homework? (Você estava fazendo seu dever de casa?). b) was having – rang.INGLÊS 2 Marque a alternativa que complete corretamente a frase “________ the boys ____________ TV an hour ago? a) Was – watch. Exemplo: I was not doing my homework (Eu não estava fazendo meu dever de casa). c) Was – watching. c) were having – rang. para expressar uma ação que estava acontecendo quando uma outra ação ocorreu e para expressar duas ações que estavam acontecendo no mesmo momento do passado. d) were explaining – was talking. b) Were – watch. c) It not wasn’t raining outside. Para se formar frases negativas no Past Continuous. É uma corruptela americana do nome que vem de um dialeto holandês – Santa Klaas. b) was explain – were talk. Qual é a forma interrogaiva frase “The children were looking for the cat”? a) Were the children looking for the cat? b) The were children looking for the cat? c) The children were looking for the cat? d) Looking the children were for the cat? GABARITO ING. the students __________________”? a) were explain – was talk. com a terminação 2 Editora Exato 18 . Santa Claus. O Papai Noel traz presentes para as crianças no Natal. que significa St. d) Not it was raining outside. Nicholas. d) Were – watching. d) were having – ringing. b) It was not raining outside. Qual é a forma negativa da frase “It was raining outside”? a) It not was raining outside. “São Nicolau”. é um outro nome em inglês para Father Christmas. Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “While the teacher __________ the subject. ou seja. E para formar frases interrogativas deve-se inverter a posição do pronome (sujeito) com o verbo to be e incluir o ponto de interrogação no final da frase.

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