INGLÊS

LESSON 4 – PAST CONTINUOUS (LIÇÃO 4 – PASSADOCONTINUO)
Usa-se o Past Continuous ou Passado Contínuo para expressar a) ações que estavam acontecendo em um determinado momento do passado. Ex: They were studying five minutes ago. (Eles estavam estudando cinco minutos atrás). b) uma ação que estava acontecendo quando uma outra ação ocorreu. Neste caso, usa-se WHEN (quando) para relacionar as duas ações. Ex: He was having dinner when the phone rang. (Ele estava jantando quando o telefone tocou). c) duas ações que estavam acontecendo no mesmo momento do passado. Neste caso, usa-se WHILE (enquanto) para relacionar as duas ações. Ex: She was cleaning the house while he was washing the dishes. (Ela estava limpando a casa enquanto ele estava lavando a louça). Forma Afirmativa O Past Continuous ou Passado Contínuo é formado pelo passado simples do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo verbo principal no gerúndio, ou seja, com a terminação ING. Se houver dúvidas em relação à formação do gerúndio em inglês, volte à lição sobre o Present Continuos no item Formação do to work = trabalhar Forma Negativa Forma Contraída I was not working I wasn’t working You were not working You weren’t working He was not working He wasn’t working She was not working She wasn’t working It was not working It wasn’t working We were not working We weren’t working You were not working You weren’t working They were not working They weren’t working Gerúndio. Observe a conjugação de dois verbos no Passado Contínuo na tabela abaixo: to work = trabalhar to stop = parar Conjugação Conjugação I was working I was stopping You were working You were stopping He was working He was stopping She was working She was stopping It was working It was stopping We were working We were stopping You were working You were stopping They were working They were stopping Forma Negativa Para se formar frases negativas no Past Continuous basta acrescentar a partícula de negação not depois do verbo to be (was / were). A forma contraída do verbo to be com a partícula de negação é possível também no Past Continuous. Observe a tabela abaixo, com a conjugação de dois verbos.

to stop = parar Forma Negativa Forma Contraída I was not stopping I wasn’t stopping You were not stopping You weren’t stopping He was not stopping He wasn’t stopping She was not stopping She wasn’t stopping It was not stopping It wasn’t stopping We were not stopping We weren’t stopping You were not stopping You weren’t stopping They were not stopping They weren’t stopping to work = trabalhar Was I working ? Were you working ? Was he working ? Was she working ? Was it working ? Were we working ? Were you working ? Were they working ? to stop = parar Was I stopping ? Were you stopping ? Was he stopping ? Was she stopping? Was it stopping ? Were we stopping ? Were you stopping ? Were they stopping ?

Forma Interrogativa Para formar frases interrogativas, deve-se inverter a posição do pronome (sujeito) com o verbo to be e incluir o ponto de interrogação no final da frase. Observe a conjugação de dois verbos na forma interrogativa na tabela ao lado.

Editora Exato

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they No. com o Past Continuous e depois marque a alternativa com a seqüência correta dos verbos. Was she stopping? Yes. she was. we were. c) were sleep. Were you working? No. you weren’t. Were they working? Yes. you were. a) was crying – was smoking – were looking. EXERCÍCIOS 1 2 Quando é usado o Past Continuous em inglês? Como é formado o modo forma afirmativo do Past Continuous em inglês? Como é formado o negativo e o interrogativo do Past Continuous? 3 1 Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “My father _______________ on the sofa”? a) was sleeping. weren’t. No. we weren’t. Were we stopping? Yes. you were. Was she working? Yes. d) I was studying for the test. Was it stopping? Yes. you were. weren’t. they No. 1 to stop = parar Short Answer – Sim Yes. you weren’t. No. b) were sleeping. Yes. I wasn’t. Short Answer – Não Was I stopping? No. No. she was. Was he stopping? No. No. d) was sleep. Editora Exato 17 . porém o segundo verbo. Were we working? Yes. it was. E o sujeito da última frase é Tom and Ted (eles). No. we weren’t. b) was crying – was smoking – was looking. Yes. deveria estar na forma do gerúndio: reading. Resolução: O Past Continuous é formado pelo passado do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo gerúndio (ING) do verbo principal. I was. Complete as frases abaixo. a resposta correta é a letra a.INGLÊS Short Answer (Respostas curtas) Short Answer – Não Was I working? No. she wasn’t. they were. então usa-se o verbo to be were e o gerúndio do verbo to look que é looking. Resolução: Para uma frase estar no Past Continuous ela necessita de dois verbos: o verbo to be no passado (was / were) e o verbo principal no gerúndio (ING). Were you stopping? No. he wasn’t. you No. Was it working? Yes. então usa-se o verbo to be was e o gerúndio de to smoke que é smoking. he wasn’t. Assim. ESTUDO DIRIGIDO EXERCÍCIOS RESOLVIDOS to work = trabalhar Short Answer – Sim Yes. Então a resposta correta é a letra d. O sujeito da segunda frase é Alan (ele). como o sujeito da primeira frase é The baby (a criança) usa-se o verbo to be was e o gerúndio de to cry que é crying. I was. a) He was read a comic book. read. Were you working? Yes. b) The boys playing chess. III – Tom and Ted ____ (to look) at the car in the garage. it wasn’t. I wasn’t. he was. Yes. d) were crying – were smoking – was looking. II – Alan ______ (to smoke) his pipe in his room. we were. Assim. A terceira frase só apresenta o verbo to be no passado (were). Was he working? No. you were. A primeira frase possui dois verbos. weren’t. Yes. Were they stopping? Yes. weren’t. it wasn’t. it was. 2 Marque a alternativa cuja frase não esteja na forma correta do Past Continuous. c) We were at school. Were you stopping? Yes. they were. he was. I – The baby _________ (to cry) 10 minutes ago. E a quarta frase possui dois verbos: was (verbo to be no passado) e studying (gerúndio do verbo to study). A segunda frase só apresenta o verbo no gerúndio (playing) faltando antes dele o verbo to be were. she wasn’t. c) were crying – were smoking – were looking. No. you No.

d) Not it was raining outside. O Papai Noel traz presentes para as crianças no Natal. “Papai Noel”. basta acrescentar a partícula de negação not depois do verbo to be (was / were). 6 Estudo dirigido 1 O Past Continuous é usado para expressar ações que estavam acontecendo em um determinado momento do passado. d) were explaining – was talking.INGLÊS 2 Marque a alternativa que complete corretamente a frase “________ the boys ____________ TV an hour ago? a) Was – watch. Qual é a forma interrogaiva frase “The children were looking for the cat”? a) Were the children looking for the cat? b) The were children looking for the cat? c) The children were looking for the cat? d) Looking the children were for the cat? GABARITO ING. b) Were – watch. com a terminação 2 Editora Exato 18 . E para formar frases interrogativas deve-se inverter a posição do pronome (sujeito) com o verbo to be e incluir o ponto de interrogação no final da frase. c) It not wasn’t raining outside. Exercícios 1 2 3 4 5 6 A D B C B A CURIOSITY (CURIOSIDADE) 3 3 4 5 SANTA CLAUS = Papai Noel Santa Claus brings presents for children at Christmas. b) It was not raining outside. Exemplo: I was not doing my homework (Eu não estava fazendo meu dever de casa). Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “While the teacher __________ the subject. O Past Continuous é formado pelo passado simples do verbo to be (was / were) e pelo verbo principal no gerúndio. Qual é a forma negativa da frase “It was raining outside”? a) It not was raining outside. para expressar uma ação que estava acontecendo quando uma outra ação ocorreu e para expressar duas ações que estavam acontecendo no mesmo momento do passado. the students __________________”? a) were explain – was talk. c) was explaining – were talking. c) were having – rang. Para se formar frases negativas no Past Continuous. b) was explain – were talk. É uma corruptela americana do nome que vem de um dialeto holandês – Santa Klaas. padroeiro das crianças holandesas. b) was having – rang. “São Nicolau”. Qual é a alternativa que completa corretamente a frase “She _________________ a shower when her cell phone ______________”? a) was having – ringing. Nicholas. ou seja. Santa Claus. Exemplo: I was doing my homework (Eu estava fazendo meu dever de casa). é um outro nome em inglês para Father Christmas. ou simplesmente Santa. d) Were – watching. c) Was – watching. d) were having – ringing. Exemplo: Were you doing your homework? (Você estava fazendo seu dever de casa?). que significa St.

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