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Political Map of the World, April 2008

AUSTRALIA Independent state


Bermuda Dependency or area of special sovereignty
Sicily / AZORES Island / island group 150 120 90 60 30 0 30 60 90 120 150 180

Capital ARCTIC OCEAN Alert


ARCTIC OCEAN FRANZ JOSEF
ARCTIC OCEAN
LAND SEVERNAYA
ZEMLYA
Ellesmere
QUEEN ELIZABETH Island Qaanaaq (Thule) Longyearbyen
NEW SIBERIAN ISLANDS
Scale 1:35,000,000 Greenland Sea Svalbard NOVAYA Kara Sea
Banks
ISLANDS (NORWAY) ZEMLYA Laptev Sea
Robinson Projection Resolute Barents Sea
standard parallels 38°N and 38°S Beaufort Sea
Island
Pond Inlet Baffin Greenland East Siberian Sea Wrangel
Barrow Bay (DENMARK) Island
Victoria Tiksi
Island Baffin Jan Mayen Norwegian Pevek Chukchi
(NORWAY)
Island Noril'sk Sea
Sea Murmansk Cherskiy
Arctic Circle (66°33') Arctic Circle (66°33')
Nuuk
NORWAY White Sea
Nome U. S. Fairbanks Great
Bear Lake Iqaluit
(Godthåb) Denmark
ICELAND
SWEDEN Arkhangel'sk
Anadyr' Provideniya
Davis Strait Faroe
Reykjavík
Anchorage Great
Strait
Tórshavn
Islands
(DEN.) Gulf
of
FINLAND Lake
Ladoga Lake
R U S S I A Yakutsk
Whitehorse Bothnia Onega
60
Slave Lake Hudson Oslo Helsinki
Magadan 60
Tallinn Saint Petersburg
Bay Rockall
Stockholm
EST. Perm'
Gulf of Alaska Juneau Churchill
Kuujjuaq Labrador (U.K.) Baltic Yaroslavl'
Nizhniy Tyumen'
Bering Sea
Fort McMurray Sea Riga Izhevsk
Sea North DENMARK
LAT. Novgorod Yekaterinburg
Tomsk
Krasnoyarsk
Glasgow Moscow Kazan'
Prince
George
CANADA Happy Valley-
Belfast UNITED
Sea Copenhagen RUSSIA
LITH.
Vilnius
Minsk Ul'yanovsk Ufa
Chelyabinsk Omsk Novosibirsk Lake
Baikal
Sea of
DS Leeds Hamburg Okhotsk
SLAN Goose Bay Dublin Isle of Samara Barnaul
I Edmonton Man BELARUS
TIAN Saskatoon
Lake IRELAND (U.K.) KINGDOM Amsterdam Berlin Warsaw
. Irkutsk Petropavlovsk- U.S.
ALEU Orenburg Chita
Winnipeg Birmingham NETH. Lódz Homyel Voronezh Saratov Kamchatskiy
Island of Cologne Astana Sakhalin AL S
Calgary London Brussels POLAND Kyiv EUT ND
Winnipeg Newfoundland Lille GERMANY Prague Kraków Qaraghandy IAN ISLA
Celtic BELGIUM LUX. Frankfurt L'viv (Karaganda)
Vancouver Sea Guernsey(U.K.)
Jersey (U.K.) Luxembourg CZECH REP. UKRAINE Kharkiv Volgograd Khabarovsk
SLOVAKIA
Lake
Gulf of Paris Munich
LIECH.
Vienna Bratislava
MOLDOVA Donets'k KAZAKHSTAN Ulaanbaatar KURIL
St. Lawrence AUSTRIA Budapest Rostov
Seattle Lake Québec FRANCE Chisinau Atyraü Lake Balkhash ISLANDS
Superior Bern SLOVENIA HUNGARY Odesa Astrakhan'
Huron
Montréal St. Pierre Lyon SWITZ. Ljubljana ROMANIA Sea of
Azov Aral
MONGOLIA Harbin
Bay of Milan
Portland Minneapolis Lake Ottawa and Miquelon Bordeaux Turin Zagreb CROATIA Belgrade Bucharest Sea
Biscay SAN
Michigan Halifax (FRANCE) MARINO
BOS. &
Aqtaü Ürümqi Changchun Jilin Occupied by the SOVIET UNION in 1945,
Toronto Lake Ontario Toulouse MONACO Genoa HER. SERBIA
administered by RUSSIA, claimed by JAPAN
Sarajevo (Aktau) Almaty Vladivostok
Milwaukee
Bilbao Marseille ITALY Pristina Sofia Black Sea Sapporo
NORTH Chicago
Detroit Buffalo
Lake Erie
Boston
Providence
ANDORRA Corsica
(FR.)
VATICAN
CITY Rome
Podgorica KOS.
MONT.
BULGARIA
Skopje
GEORGIA
Tbilisi
Caspian
Sea
Shymkent
Tashkent
Bishkek Shenyang
Salt Lake City
Denver
Cleveland
Indianapolis
Pittsburgh New York
Porto
PORTUGAL
Madrid Barcelona
Naples
Tirana
ALB.
MACEDONIA
Istanbul
Ankara ARMENIA AZERBAIJAN
UZBEKISTAN
KYRGYZSTAN
Baotou
Beijing NORTH KOREA Sea of
NORTH
PACIFIC Sacramento
Kansas City Saint
Louis
Cincinnati
Philadelphia
Baltimore NORTH SPAIN Valencia BALEARIC
ISLANDS
Sardinia
(IT.) GREECE .
Izmir
Bursa
T URK EY
Yerevan Baku
TURKMENISTAN
Dushanbe
Kashi Datong
Tianjin Pyongyang Japan
San Francisco
UNITED STATES
Washington DC
AZORES
Lisbon
Sevilla
(SP.)

Algiers
Palermo
Sicily Athens
Konya
Adana Gaziantep Tabriz
¯
Ashgabat
TAJIKISTAN
Shijiazhuang
Taiyuan
Zibo
Dalian
Yantai Seoul JAPAN PACIFIC
OCEAN Las Vegas Norfolk ATLANTIC (PORT.) Málaga
Tunis
(IT.)
MALTA
Mosul
Tehran
Mashhad Indian Lanzhou Jinan
SOUTH
KOREA Tokyo
Nashville Charlotte Ceuta (SP.)
Gibraltar (U.K.)
Oran
Constantine Valletta
Nicosia
Aleppo
Arbil
1972
Line of Control
claim Qingdao Yellow Pusan Nagoya OCEAN
Los Angeles
Phoenix
Oklahoma City
Atlanta
OCEAN
MADEIRA
ISLANDS
Rabat
Casablanca
Melilla
(SP.)
Fès
TUNISIA
Mediterranean Sea
Crete
(GR.) CYPRUS Beirut
Damascus
LEBANON
SYRIA
IRAQ
Qom
Kermanshah
Herāt Kabul
Peshāwar Line of
Actual
CHINA Zhengzhou
Xi'an
Sea Hiroshima
Ōsaka
Yokohama

San Diego Dallas Bermuda (PORT.) Tripoli Eşfahān AFGHANISTAN Islamabad Control Fukuoka
(U.K.) Tel Aviv-Yafo Baghdad Nanjing Nantong
Tijuana Mexicali El Paso Marrakech Kandahār Lahore

NA
Ciudad New
Jacksonville MOROCCO
Banghāzī Alexandria ISRAEL
Jerusalem Amman
Al Başrah
Ahvāz
IRAN Faisalābād
Chengdu Wuhan
Hefei Shanghai

M
D S
Austin Cairo JORDAN Quetta Multān Ludhiāna Hangzhou
30
Juarez Houston Orleans 30

P O PAN)
New

-
CANARY ISLANDS Al Jizah
¯ KUWAIT Lhasa Ningbo

L A N
¯
Shirāz Chongqing

(
Zāhedān
ALGERIA East China

JA
Chihuahua San Orlando (SP.) Kuwait Nanchang
PAKISTAN Delhi BHUTAN

- S
Antonio Tampa NEPAL Changsha Sea
LIBYA Āgra

HO
Kathmandu

IS

)
SAUDI Thimpu

AN
BAHRAIN Persian Guiyang
Laayoune
EGYPT Jaipur
Kānpur Lucknow Fuzhou
Okinawa Midway

TO
Monterrey Miami Gulf OMAN

AP

-
THE Manama Hyderābād Patna Islands
Gulf of Mexico Western Abu

U
Matamoros Nassau Kunming Taipei

(J
Torreón

Y
Medina Riyadh Doha Dhabi Xiamen K Marcus Island (U.S.)
BAHAMAS Sahara Aswān
Gulf of Oman
Karāchi BANGLADESH U (JAPAN)
Tropic of Cancer (23°27') MEXICO Havana
QATAR UNITED ARAB Muscat
Ahmadābād Bhopāl
Dhaka Shantou R
Y Tropic of Cancer (23°27')
San Luis Turks and EMIRATES Jamshedpur Khulna Guangzhou
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS Potosí Caicos Islands
(U.K.) Red Jiddah
ARABIA Indore Kolkata Chittagong Mandalay Nanning Hong Kong
Taiwan
Kao-hsiung
León Mérida CUBA OMAN Sūrat Nāgpur Hanoi Zhanjiang Macau S.A.R.
Honolulu Guadalajara Cancún DOMINICAN
British Virgin Sea Mecca BURMA Luzon
S.A.R.
U.S. Mexico Cayman Is.
(U.K.) Port-au-
REPUBLIC
Islands
(U.K.)
Anguilla (U.K.) MAURITANIA
Port Sudan
Mumbai
INDIA LAOS Haiphong
Gulf of
Strait Philippine Wake Island
(U.S.)
Toluca Prince Santiago San Juan Pune Nay Pyi Northern
Puebla Taw Tonkin Hainan
JAMAICA ST. KITTS AND NEVIS MALI Chiang Vientiane Dao Mariana
ISLAS
REVILLAGIGEDO Oaxaca BELIZE Kingston
Navassa
HAITI Santo Puerto
Domingo Rico
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA Nouakchott
Tombouctou
Hyderābād Vishākhapatnam Rangoon
Mai
PARACEL
Sea Islands
Belmopan
Johnston Atoll (MEXICO) Acapulco Island
(U.S.)
(U.S.) Guadeloupe (FR.) NIGER Omdurman ERITREA
YEMEN Vijayawāda Bay of Da Nang ISLANDS (U.S.)
(U.S.) GUATEMALA HONDURAS Montserrat DOMINICA CAPE VERDE
CHAD Kassala Asmara THAILAND VIETNAM
Saipan
Caribbean Sea (U.K.)
Martinique (FR.) Dakar Khartoum Sanaa Manila
Guatemala Tegucigalpa Praia SENEGAL Bengal Bangkok Guam
ST. VINCENT AND ST. LUCIA Banjul BURKINA Niamey Arabian South China Hagåtña
San Salvador
EL SALVADOR NICARAGUA
Aruba
(NETH.) THE GRENADINES
Neth. Antilles
BARBADOS THE GAMBIA
Bamako FASO SUDAN Aden
Gulf of Aden
Bengaluru Chennai ANDAMAN
ISLANDS CAMBODIA PHILIPPINES (U.S.)

(NETH.) Kano N'Djamena DJIBOUTI (INDIA) Sea


Bissau Ouagadougou Socotra
Managua
Barranquilla
Maracaibo Caracas
GRENADA
Port-of-Spain GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA
Nyala Djibouti (YEMEN) Sea LAKSHADWEEP Calicut Coimbatore Andaman Phnom
Penh
Ho Chi Minh
FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA
MARSHALL
Clipperton Island
San José
Cartagena
Colón Valencia TRINIDAD AND Conakry
BENIN NIGERIA Addis Hargeysa (INDIA) Cochin
Madurai Sea Gulf of
City Cebu
ISLANDS
(FRANCE) Ciudad TOBAGO CÔTE Abuja Ababa
COSTA Panama Guayana Freetown TOGO Thailand SPRATLY
RICA Cúcuta D'IVOIRE GHANA Ogbomoso ISLANDS
Kingman Reef (U.S.)
PANAMA
Georgetown
SIERRA Yamoussoukro Ibadan CENTRAL ETHIOPIA Laccadive Colombo Zamboanga Davao Melekeok Palikir Majuro
Isla del Coco Medellín VENEZUELA LEONE Lomé Lagos Sea SRI
NICOBAR
Palmyra Atoll (U.S.) GUYANA Paramaribo Monrovia Accra AFRICAN REPUBLIC ISLANDS
(COSTA RICA) Isla de
Malpelo Bogota French Guiana LIBERIA
Abidjan Porto-
Novo
CAMEROON
Juba
SOMALIA LANKA (INDIA)
Bandar Seri
Begawan PALAU
Bangui Male
(COLOMBIA) SURINAME Cayenne (FRANCE) Douala
Medan
Kuala BRUNEI

Cali
COLOMBIA EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Malabo
Yaounde MALDIVES Lumpur Celebes Sea
Gulf of Guinea M A L A Y S I A
Kiritimati PENEDOS DE UGANDA
(Christmas Island) Mogadishu Singapore Tarawa Howland Island
SÃO PEDRO E SÃO PAULO SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE (U.S.)
(KIRIBATI) (BRAZIL) Kisangani Kampala KENYA Pekanbaru Equator
Equator Quito Equator Sao Tome Libreville
REP. OF SINGAPORE Baker Island (U.S.)
0 0
THE Pontianak Samarinda
Jarvis
GALAPAGOS ECUADOR
GABON DEMOCRATIC Nairobi Padang
Yaren
NAURU
Island Belém Annobon CONGO RWANDA Kigali District
ISLANDS ARQUIPÉLAGO DE Lake K I R I B A T I
(U.S.)
(ECUADOR)
Guayaquil Manaus São Luís FERNANDO DE NORONHA (EQUA. GUI.) REPUBLIC Bujumbura
Victoria
Palembang
Banjarmasin Jayapura
Iquitos (BRAZIL) Brazzaville
Teresina
Fortaleza
Pointe-Noire
Kinshasa
OF THE CONGO BURUNDI Mombasa Victoria British Indian
Tanjungkarang-
I N
Java Sea
D O N E S I A PAPUA
Natal ANGOLA
Ocean Territory Makassar
Mbuji-Mayi Dodoma Telukbetung Jakarta Banda Sea
João Pessoa Ascension
(Cabinda)
Lake Dar es Salaam
(U.K.)
Bandung
NEW GUINEA SOLOMON
K I R I B A T I (St. Helena) Tanganyika TANZANIA Diego Semarang Surabaya ISLANDS
Trujillo SEYCHELLES Dili
ÎLES MARQUISES Pôrto Velho Recife Luanda Garcia Malang Funafuti
(Fr. Poly.) Denpasar
Arafura
PERU
BRAZIL Maceió
Lubumbashi
Lake
Nyasa Glorioso Islands Christmas Island
TIMOR-LESTE
Kupang
Sea Port
Moresby
Honiara TUVALU Tokelau
(N.Z.)
Moroni (FRANCE) (AUSTL.) Timor
Lima ANGOLA Ndola
COMOROS Cocos
Ashmore and Sea Wallis and
SAMOA
Cartier Islands Darwin

Grea
Cusco Futuna
Salvador Lilongwe Mayotte (Keeling) Islands (AUSTL.) Apia
Cook Islands ZAMBIA
INDIAN Gulf of Coral Mata-Utu

t
(administered by FRANCE,
(N.Z.) Lago
Titicaca BOLIVIA Brasilia
SOUTH St. Helena Namibe Lusaka MALAWI
Blantyre
claimed by COMOROS) Tromelin Island
(FRANCE)
(AUSTL.)
Carpentaria
Sea
(FRANCE) Pago Pago

Barrier
(St. Helena) American
ARCHIPEL DES TUAMOTU Arequipa La Paz Juan de Nova FIJI Samoa
(Fr. Poly.)
Goiânia Island (FR.) VANUATU (U.S.)
Cochabamba
Niue
(N.Z.)
SOCIETY
ISLANDS
Papeete
Santa
Uberlândia
ATLANTIC Harare MOZAMBIQUE
Antananarivo OCEAN Cairns
Re
ef
Coral Sea
Islands Port-Vila
Suva
(Fr. Poly.) Sucre Cruz Belo ZIMBABWE (AUSTL.)
Martin Vaz Mozambique
F r e n c h P o l y n e s i a Campo Horizonte Beira Saint- Port Louis

(FRANCE)
Grande
Vitória Trindade
(BRAZIL)
(BRAZIL)
OCEAN NAMIBIA Bulawayo Bassas
da India
(FRANCE)
Channel
MADAGASCAR Denis MAURITIUS
New
Caledonia Nuku'Alofa
Rio de Reunion (FRANCE)
PARAGUAY Campinas
Windhoek BOTSWANA Europa (FRANCE) TONGA
Janeiro Walvis Bay Noumea
Tropic of Capricorn (23°27') Island
(FRANCE) Tropic of Capricorn (23°27')
Antofagasta São Paulo
ÎLES TUBUAI Santos Gaborone Alice Springs
(Fr. Poly.)
Adamstown Asunción Curitiba
Pitcairn Islands Isla Sala y Gómez Isla San Felíx Pretoria Maputo
(U.K.) (CHILE)
(CHILE)
Isla San Ambrosio
San Miguel
de Tucumán
Joinville
Florianópolis
St. Helena Johannesburg Mbabane A U S T R A L I A Norfolk SOUTH
Easter Island (CHILE) (U.K.)
(CHILE) LESOTHO SWAZILAND Brisbane Island
Pôrto
Alegre
SOUTH Maseru
Durban
(AUSTL.)
PACIFIC
30 30
CHILE Córdoba AFRICA KERMADEC
Perth
Lord Howe
OCEAN ISLANDS
(N.Z.)
Valparaiso Mendoza Rosario Island
URUGUAY Newcastle
Cape Town (AUSTL.)
Santiago Buenos Aires Sydney
ARCHIPIÉLAGO Port Adelaide
Elizabeth Canberra Wollongong
JUAN FERNÁNDEZ La Plata Montevideo
(CHILE) Concepción ARGENTINA Île Amsterdam Great Australian Auckland
(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands) Melbourne
Bahía Blanca Mar del Plata TRISTAN DA CUNHA (St. Helena) Bight NEW
Île Saint-Paul ZEALAND
(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)
SOUTH Puerto Montt Gough Island Tasman Sea Wellington
(St. Helena)
Tasmania
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Hobart

PACIFIC Comodoro
(FRANCE) Christchurch
CHATHAM ISLANDS
Rivadavia (N.Z.)
OCEAN PRINCE EDWARD ÎLES CROZET
Falkland Islands (Fr. S. and Ant. Lands) BOUNTY ISLANDS
ISLANDS AUCKLAND SNARES ISLANDS (N.Z.)
(Islas Malvinas) (SOUTH AFRICA) (N.Z.)
ISLANDS
(administered by U.K., ÎLES KERGUELEN (N.Z.) ANTIPODES ISLANDS
claimed by ARGENTINA) (Fr. S. and Ant. Lands) (N.Z.)
Stanley Heard Island and
Bouvet Island McDonald Islands Campbell
Punta Arenas (AUSTL.) Island
(NORWAY)
(N.Z.)
Macquarie
Scotia Sea South Georgia and the Island
South Sandwich Islands (AUSTL.)
(administered by U.K.,
claimed by ARGENTINA)
60
Drake 60
Passage SOUTH ORKNEY
ISLANDS

SOUTHERN OCEAN
Antarctic Circle (66°33') SOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEAN Antarctic Circle (66°33')
Amery Ice
Shelf

Bellingshausen Sea
Weddell Sea
Amundsen Sea

Ross Sea Ross Sea


Antarctica
Ronne Ice Shelf Twenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative nations have made no
claims to Antarctic territory (although Russia and the United States
April 2008
Ross Ross Ice Shelf
Ice Shelf have reserved the right to do so) and they do not recognize the
claims of the other nations.
Boundary representation is not necessarily authoritative.

150 120 90 60 30 0 30 60 90 120 150 180

803370AI (G00010) 4-08