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To & For comparados a Para Como utilizar corretamente estas preposies

She made sandwiches for me or She made sandwiches to me?

Palavras de significado pouco claro, porm, extremamente variveis so chamadas Preposies. As preposies so consideradas, na maioria das vezes, partculas funcionais, e no palavras de contedo semntico definido. Alm disso, entre o portugus e o ingls, as preposies no apresentam uma correlao muito estreita. Cobrem normalmente diferentes reas de significado, sendo umas de uso mais amplo que outras. Ns brasileiros temos muita dificuldade quando precisamos decidir qual preposio usar em ingls: to ou for, uma vez que, em portugus, a idia seria expressa atravs da proposio para. Podemos afirmar que to est ligado idia de direo, movimento, e corresponde muitas vezes tambm preposio a do portugus; enquanto que for est relacionado com a idia de substituio ou inteno, correspondendo, s vezes, ao portugus por. Todavia, esta diferena no sempre clara. Mesmo assim, for e to no podem ser utilizados como sinnimos. Na maioria das vezes, to e for introduzem o objeto indireto e nesse caso que as duas preposies correspondem ao portugus para. O objeto indireto em ingls sempre um pronome que precede ou sucede o objeto direto nos verbos bitransitivos. Quando posicionado antes do objeto direto, no vem acompanhado de preposio. Quando posicionado aps o objeto direto, vir invariavelmente acompanhado da preposio to ou for. Neste caso, a preposio certa depender do verbo, no havendo regra para isso. Observe os seguintes exemplos:
Could you open the door for me or Could you open the door to me?

To verbs I gave a present to him = I gave him a present. He sold a car to me = He sold me a car. He sent a letter to May = He sent May a letter The boss told a joke to us = The boss told us a joke.

For verbs Let me buy a present for you = Let me buy you a present. I got some food for you = I got you some food. She made a sandwich for me = She made me a sandwich. Did she cook dinner for you? = Did she cook you dinner?

Can you lend this book to me? = Can you He can find a job for you = He can find lend me this book? you a job. He offered a job to Mary = He offered Mary a job. Save the stamps for him. = Save him the stamps.

Will you pass the sugar to me? = Will you Can you do a favor for me? = Can you do pass me the sugar? me a favor? Read a story to the children = Read the children a story. Hell bring something to me = He will bring me something He left a message for you. = He left you a message. Shall I pour more tea for you? = Shall I pour you more tea?

Existem verbos que s aceitam o objeto indireto quando acompanhado de preposio. Exemplos: To verbs The teacher said Good morning to the students. Hes going to introduce Mary to his family. I already explained the project to the staff. For verbs Can you carry the suitcase for me? Could you open the door for me? He asked the bank teller to cash a check for him.

Mr. Cole described the new house to his Doctors like to prescribe medicine for wife. the patients. I sometimes speak English to (with) my wife. Bob reported the action to the police. I repeated my ideas to my parents. He admitted his mistakes to the boss. Dr. Bishop recommends this medicine to some patients. She is going to prepare the meal for the guests. I asked her to sign the letter for me. Can you hold this for me, please? I asked the secretary to make an appointment for me. He translated an article for me.

De qualquer forma, no preciso memorizar nenhuma dessas regras acerca do uso das preposies a fim de se obter um elevado conhecimento no idioma. A prtica constante atravs de exerccios e comunicao oral faz com que, a aquisio do conhecimento ocorra de forma natural e espontnea

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