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UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE VIÇOSA DEPARTAMENTO DE ENGENHARIA CIVIL CIV 350 – TEORIA DAS ESTRUTURAS I

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE VIÇOSA DEPARTAMENTO DE ENGENHARIA CIVIL

CIV 350 – TEORIA DAS ESTRUTURAS I 2011 - LISTA DE EXERCÍCIOS 1

Prof. Márcio Sampaio Sarmet Moreira

1 - Traçar os diagramas de esforços solicitantes das vigas simples a seguir representadas, obtendo a posição e valor do momento fletor positivo máximo nos vãos:

(a) (b) 4,0 tf 2,0 tf 6,0 tf A B 2,0 m 2,0 m 2,0
(a)
(b)
4,0 tf
2,0 tf
6,0 tf
A
B
2,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
6,0 tf 1,0 tf/m A B 2,0 m 1,0 m 3,0 m
6,0 tf
1,0 tf/m
A
B
2,0 m
1,0 m
3,0 m
(c) (d) 6,0 tf 4,0 tf/m 4,0 tf/m 3,0 tf/m 2,0 tf/m 2,0 tf/m A
(c)
(d)
6,0 tf
4,0 tf/m
4,0 tf/m
3,0 tf/m
2,0 tf/m
2,0 tf/m
A
A
B
B
3,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
1,0 m
2,0 m
1,0 m
1,0 m
(e)
(f)

6,0 tf

4,0 tf.m 2,0 tf/m A B 3,0 m 2,0 m 1,0 m 1,0 m
4,0 tf.m
2,0 tf/m
A
B
3,0 m
2,0 m
1,0 m
1,0 m
(g) (h) 3,0 tf/m 2,0 tf/m A B 1,0 m 2,0 m 1,0 m 2,0
(g)
(h)
3,0 tf/m
2,0 tf/m
A
B
1,0 m
2,0 m
1,0 m
2,0 m
1,0 m
(i)
(j)
4,0 tf 2,0 tf.m 2,0 tf/m 2,0 tf.m A B 2,0 m 1,0 m 1,0
4,0 tf
2,0 tf.m
2,0 tf/m
2,0 tf.m
A
B
2,0 m
1,0 m
1,0 m

A

2,0 tf/m 1,0 tf B 2,0 m 2,0 m
2,0 tf/m
1,0 tf
B
2,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 tf 3,0 tf.m 1,0 tf/m B A 2,0 m 2,0 m
2,0 tf
3,0 tf.m
1,0 tf/m
B
A
2,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 tf 2,0 tf.m A B 1,0 m 1,0 m 1,0 m
2,0 tf
2,0 tf.m
A
B
1,0 m
1,0 m
1,0 m

2,0 tf.m

2 - Traçar os diagramas de esforços e determinar as expressões algébricas do momento fletor no trecho CD. Determinar a posição e valor máximo (positivo) do momento fletor.

1

6,0 tf 3,0 tf/m 2,0 tf/m A D B C 2,0 m 2,0 m 4,0
6,0 tf
3,0 tf/m
2,0 tf/m
A
D
B C
2,0 m
2,0 m
4,0 m
(a)
(b)
2,0 tf 2,0 tf/m 1,0 tf/m A E C B D 2,0 m 3,0 m
2,0 tf
2,0 tf/m
1,0 tf/m
A
E
C
B
D
2,0 m
3,0 m
3,0 m
1,0 m
4,0 tf 6,0 tf 2,0 tf/m 1,0 tf/m A F C D B E 2,0
4,0 tf
6,0 tf
2,0 tf/m
1,0 tf/m
A
F
C
D
B
E
2,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
3,0 m
1,0 m
(c)
(d)
2,0 tf 4,0 tf.m 4,0 tf 1,0 tf/m A C D E F B 2,0
2,0 tf
4,0 tf.m
4,0 tf
1,0 tf/m
A
C
D
E
F
B
2,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
4,0 tf 3,0 tf/m 4,0 tf.m 2,0 tf/m A F B C D E G
4,0 tf
3,0 tf/m
4,0 tf.m
2,0 tf/m
A
F
B
C
D
E
G
1,0 m1,0 m
3,0 m
1,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
(e)
(f)
3,0 tf 2,0 tf/m C D A B 3,0 tf 1,0 m 1,0 m 1,0
3,0 tf
2,0 tf/m
C
D
A
B
3,0 tf
1,0 m
1,0 m
1,0 m

3,0 tf.m

3 - Esboçar os diagramas de esforços solicitantes das vigas a seguir esquematizadas:

P q 3,0 m 1,5 m 1,5 m (a) (b)
P
q
3,0 m
1,5 m
1,5 m
(a)
(b)
P P q l a a
P
P
q
l
a
a
P P M M a a (c) (d)
P
P
M
M
a
a
(c)
(d)
q p p a a
q
p
p
a
a
P M q p (e) (f)
P
M
q
p
(e)
(f)
P q
P
q
P p p (g) (h)
P
p
p
(g)
(h)
P M q (i)
P
M
q
(i)

2

4

- Traçar os diagramas de esforços solicitantes das vigas compostas a seguir representadas:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

5,0 tf 3,0 tf/m 2,0 tf/m 2,0 m 2,0 m 2,0 m 3,0 m 2,0
5,0 tf
3,0 tf/m
2,0 tf/m
2,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
3,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
4,0 tf 2,0 m 2,0 m 2,0 m 3,0 m 2,0 m 2,0 m
4,0 tf
2,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
3,0 m
2,0 m
2,0 m
4,0 tf 2,0 tf/m 1,0 m 1,0 m 3,0 m 1,0 m
4,0 tf
2,0 tf/m
1,0 m
1,0 m
3,0 m
1,0 m
4,0 tf 2,0 m 4,0 m 1,0 m 3,0 m
4,0 tf
2,0 m
4,0 m
1,0 m
3,0 m

2,0 tf/m

2,0 tf.m 2,0 tf.m 4,0 tf 2,0 tf/m 2,0 m 4,0 m 1,0 m 3,0
2,0 tf.m
2,0 tf.m
4,0 tf
2,0 tf/m
2,0 m
4,0 m
1,0 m
3,0 m
(e)
5 - Esboçar os diagramas de esforços solicitantes das vigas compostas:
1,0 tf.m
1,0 tf.m
1,0 tf.m
1,0 tf.m
(a)
q
P
q
q
P
(b)
(c)

3

(d)

q q P P
q
q
P
P

6 - Determinar a posição da rótula para que a viga fique submetida aos menores momentos fletores.

q x l
q
x
l

7 - Para as vigas AB ilustradas a seguir, obtenha as equações e trace os diagramas de esforço cortante e momento fletor:

10 kN/m

12 kN/m

A
A
de esforço cortante e momento fletor: 10 kN/m 12 kN/m A B B A a) c)
B
B

B A

a)

c)

e)

g)

A

3 m
3 m
5 tf 5 tf A B 1,5 m 1,5 m 1,5 m 10 kN/m A
5 tf
5 tf
A
B
1,5 m
1,5 m
1,5 m
10 kN/m
A
B
3 m

4 tf

3 tf.m 1,0 m 0,5 m 0,5 m
3 tf.m
1,0 m
0,5 m
0,5 m

B

i)

A

4 kN 2 kN/m 1 kN/m B 0,5 m 1,0 m 0,8 m 1,0 m
4 kN
2 kN/m
1 kN/m
B
0,5 m
1,0 m
0,8 m
1,0 m

j)

b)

d)

4 m 6 tf
4 m
6 tf
3 tf.m A B 2,0 m 1,0 m 1,5 m
3 tf.m
A
B
2,0 m
1,0 m
1,5 m

8 kN/m

A B 2 m f) 10 tf 30 tf/m A B 1,5 m 2,0 m
A
B
2 m
f)
10 tf
30 tf/m
A
B
1,5 m
2,0 m
1,2 m
h)
100
50
50
100
A
B
C
D
40
Cabos
50
Cotas em milímetros
70 N

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