9

Fs‚ hkv{Xw {]Xntcm[amWv;
s]◊bpsS ]q¿WXbpw
Xkv\ow ^ukn

Xncpsamgn

6

]{Xm[n]¿°v ]dbm\p≈Xv

7

]utcmlnXyØns‚ shfpØ ]pI...

19

D-kva- m≥- ]m-e°
- m-gn-

Dd-°hpw ac-Whpw

33

tUm: ]n. sI. A_vZp-d-km°v kp√an

IqSn-°mgvN

37

Iq´pImcn Is≠Ønb hgnbneqsS...

40

kzmenl ^mØna

hn{Klmcm[\bpw Ckvemans‚ \ne]mSpw

42

A¬Øm^v AΩm´n°p∂v

hnip≤]mX

50

]p-kv-X-I-w- HºXv / e-°w- ]Øv / 2013 G{]n¬ -/ 1433 PamZp¬ A∆¬
Internet Edition: www.snehasamvadam.com
Email: editor@snehasamvadam.com
For Online Booking: www.islamicbookshelf.com

2013 G{]n¬

Printed Published and owned by M.Mohammed Akbar. Printed at Screen Offset printers,
Cochin-18. Published at Cochin-18. Editor M.Mohammed Akbar, Niche of Truth,
PB No:1981, Vyttila, Cochin-19, Tel: 0484 2301275, Fax: 0484 2301175

3

hm-b-\-°m-cp-sSkw-hm-Zw-

h-pw A\ykwÿm\ sXmgnemfnIfpsS
Ip-Sntb‰hpw tPmensbSp°m≥ hnap-JXbp-≈ bphXeapdbpsS h¿[\-hpsam-s°
- bmbn AXn`oIcamb Hcp ÿnXn-hn-tij-Ønte°mWv tIcfw IpXn®p sIm≠ncn-°p-∂Xv. Chs°ms° B°w Iq´ns°m-≠ncn°p∂ Zriy{imhy aoUn-bI
- fpsS- IS∂pIb‰hpw Ah kaqlØn\p
G-¬]n°p∂ ]cp°pIfpw IqSn Bhp∂tXm-sS XI¿® ]q¿Wambn. Zp¿hy-bs
- Øb-pw AanXhybsØbpw i‡nbmbn FXn-¿°p∂ icnbmb ssZhnI\nbaßsf
A-\p[mh\w sNøpI am{XamWv Cu{]iv\߃°p≈ GI ]cnlmcw. AXn-eqsS am{Xta temIØv imizXamb
k-am[m\w ]pecpIbp≈q.
˛d\ojv ]n.hn

kzImcyX \jvSs∏Sptºmƒ...
a\pjys‚ PohnXw A\pZn\w Ip-Sp m-bn amdnhcnIbmtWm? kzImcyX F
-∂-Xv kz]v\ambn amdpIbmtWm? tIcfØ-n¬ Ct∏mƒ \S∂phcp∂ HfnImad
hn-hmZ߃ Aßs\ thWw hne-bn-cpØm-≥ ho´nse InS∏papdnbnse hm´¿
lo-‰¿ dn∏b¿ sNøms\Ønb sSIv-\ojy-≥ ÿm]n® HfnImad hgn Ab¬ho-´nencp∂v kv{Xo \·X Bkz-Zn-°p-Ib-pw Iw]yq´dn¬ ]I¿ØpIbpw sNbvX
hm¿Ø CubnsS Nm\epIfpw ]-{X-ßfp-sa√mw BtLmjn®ncp∂p. ]nSn-bn-emb
Cu bphmhns‚ at\mtcmKØn\p X-ßfn-¬ Bsc√mw Ccbmbn´p≠mhmw F∂
th-hemXnbpsS hd®´nbnemWv {]tZ-is-Ø ho´Ωamcpw bphXnIfpsa√mw. tIc-fØn¬ BZyamsbm∂pa√ CØcw HfnIm-ad hnhmZw. tImgnt°ms´ Hcp {]apJ
tlm´ense tSmbve‰n¬ \n∂p HfnImad
I-s≠SpØXpw _yq´n]m¿ednse Imad
hn-hmZhpsa√mw \S∂n´v A[n-I\m-fm-bn´n-√. s]ÆpSente°v Nqgv∂ndßp∂ \oe IÆpIfpsS IYIƒ°v ]pdsa ]{X°m-cpsS HfnImadbpw AXphgn a{¥nam-¿°v AS°w "]WnIn´p∂' IYIfpw
cm-j{v SobØn¬ D≠m°nØo¿°p∂ s]m√m-∏pIƒ sNdpX√. ho´Ωbpw aIfpw
am-{Xap≈ ASpØho´nse Ipfnapdnbn¬
sam-ss_¬ Imad Hm¨ sNbvXp sh®
A-[ym]I≥ AdÃnemb hm¿Øbpw CtXm-sSm∂n®p tN¿Øphmbn°pI. \∑bp-sS ]mTw sNm√ns°mSpt°≠, k-aq-

l-Øn\p samØw shfn®amtI≠ Kp-cph-cys‚ a\ p Xs∂ CØcw Ccp´p
sIm-≠p aqSs∏Sptºmƒ FhnsSbmWv Bizm-kØn\p hIbp≈Xv. s]-Æp-S-ep-Iƒ-°v c£bpw Xmßpw XWepamth≠
]n-Xmhpw ktlmZc\pw c‡-_‘p-°fpsam-s° AhfpsS c‡Øn\pw amwkØn-\pw Zmln°p∂ th´\mbv°fmIp∂
Zp-c¥w F¥p am{Xw `oXnZa√! A¥y\m-fn-s‚ ASbmf߃ A\pZn\w, A-Xnio-{Lw ]pecp∂Xns‚ e£W߃ ImWp-tºmƒ a\ n¬ sXs√¶nepw ssZhhn-izmkap≈h\p t]Sn IqSmsX Ddßm≥- Ignbptam?
˛jmdqJv Akvew, s\√n°m]dºv

B¿Øn ]nSn®hs‚ Ic߃
_m°nshbv°p∂Xv...
a\pjys‚ AXym¿Øn `qansb k¿h-\miØns‚ ht°mfsaØn®p Ign™-p. Cßs\ t]mbm¬ IpSnsh≈w In´m-sX ip≤hmbp e`n°msX a\pjy≥
t]-_m[tb‰hsc t]mse \mhp\o´n ]ckv-]cw ISn®pIodn NsØmSpßp∂ Ah-ÿ kwPmXamhm≥ A[nI\mƒ th≠n-hcn√. hcƒ® sIm≠pw DjvW
- w-sIm≠-pw Fcns]mcn sIm≈pIbmWv tIcfw.
a-gbpsS tXmXv A\pZn\w IpdbpIbpw
Ip-Snsh≈ t{kmXkpIƒ `oXoZamhn[w
I-pd™v Ipd™v hcnIbpamWv. Ir-jnbn-Sßfn¬ \n∂p≈ Hgn®v t]m°pw Kƒ-^v cmPyßfn¬ \n∂p≈ Xncn®p h-c-

2013 G{]n¬

4

B ]cma¿iw
Hgnhm°mambncp∂p
257 t]¿ acn°pIbpw 713 t]¿°v ]cp-t°-¬°pIbpw sNbvX apss_ kvt^m-S\tIknse {][m\ {]Xn bm°q_v
ta-as‚ h[in£ icnsh°pIbpw a‰p
{]-XnIfpsS in£ Poh]cy¥am°n am‰p-Ibpw sNbvX kp{]owtImSXn hn[n
h-∂tXmsS GXm≠v 20 h¿jw apºv \-S∂ tIkns‚ A¥yamb BizmkØnem-Wv C¥y. cmjv{Sob˛t]m-eo-k˛v- D
- t- Zy-mKy-ÿ HØmitbmsS \SØnb KqVmtem-N\IfpsS `mKambn \S∂XmWv CsX∂ kp{]owtImSXnbpsS ]cma¿iw \ΩpsS s\©nSn∏v Iq´p∂XmWv. A-tXmsSm-∏w Xs∂ tImSXnbn¬ ka¿∏n® Ip‰-]{XØn¬ Xs∂ hy‡am°nbncp∂p,
1992 Unkw_¿ 6se _m_vcn akvPnZv
[zw-k\Øns‚ `mKambn \S∂ h¿Kob
Iem]Øns‚ _m°n]{XamWv 1993 am¿-®-nse kvt^mS\sa∂Xpw. apss_ Iem-]Øn¬ Ip´nIfpw K¿`nWnIfpw AS-°ap≈ \nc]cm[nIfmb Bbn-ctØmfw- t]¿ sIm√s∏SpIbpw Ht´sd Ip-Spw_-߃°v InS∏mSw \jvSs∏SpIbpw sNøp-Ibpw `cWI¿Øm°fpw \nba-]m-eI-cpw Xs∂ Iem]Øn\p HØmi \¬Ip-Ibpw sNbvX Imcyw At\zjW IΩo-j≥ Is≠ØpIbpw sNbvXXmWv.
F∂m¬ Ip‰hmfnIfn¬ Nne¿ ]m¿-esa-‚ nte°pw \nbak`bnte°psa√mw
]n-¬ImeØv sXcs™Sp°s∏SpI h-

sc-bp≠mbn. CXmWv bm°q_v taa-s\b-pw ZmhqZv C{_mlnans\bpw t]mep≈
{In-an\epIƒ°v apXseSp°m\p≈ Ah-kcw krjvSn®Xv F∂ Imcyhpw I-mWm-sX t]mhcpXv. A¿[\oXnbpw A\oXn-bpw Hcp t]mse A]ISamWv. aXØns‚-tbm BflobXbptStbm sNdpkv]
- ¿i-w t]mepw Is≠Øm≥ IgnbmØ,
XnI®pw Bt[mtemI\mbI¿ B-kq-{XW-w sNbvXv \S∏m°nb kvt^m-S\-am-WnsX-∂p tImSXn Xs∂ ]dbptºmgpw AXn-\nS°v "A√mlphn\p th≠nbp≈ hnip-≤bp≤w' F∂ ]cma¿iw tImSXn°v
H-gnhm°mambncp∂nt√...
˛j≥l Xp∆°mSv

A¤pX {]hr-Øn-Iƒ {]hm-NI∑mcpsS Ignhp aptJs\tbm?
X߃ bYm¿Y {]hm-N-I-∑m-cm-sW∂v P\-߃°v t_m[yw hcp-Øp-hm≥
th-≠n A√m-lp {]hr-Øn-]Y
- Ø
- n¬ sI-m≠p-h∂
- n-´p≈hbmWv- apA-vPn-kØ
- p-Iƒ
A-Yhm A¤pX{]hr-Øn-Iƒ. CØcw
A-¤p-X{- ]-h¿Ø-\ß
- f
- n¬ {]hm-NI
- ≥
- a
- m¿-°v bmsXmcp tdmfpans√∂v Cu kw`h--ß ƒ Izp¿B-\n-eqsS hmbn-®p-t]m-hptºm-ƒ kmam\y_p≤n-bp-≈-h¿°v a\ n-em-hpw.
aqkm \_n-bpsS kw`-h-Øn¬-Xs-∂ \ap°v Cßs\ ImWmw. At±lw
`-mcy-tbm-sSm∏w BSv tabv°mt\m at‰m
th-≠n Hcp Znhkw cm{Xn bm{X sNbvXv
F-Øn-bXv Hcp henb ae-{º-tZ-iØ
- v. cm{X-n Ak-ly-amb Ipfncpw Ccp-´pw, hgnbp-w Adn-bn-√. Ipsd AIse Hcp sh-fn®-w ImWp-∂p≠v AhnsS t]mbn Xo sIm≠p--h c
- n-Itbm a‰m-sc-¶n-ep-ap-s≠-¶n¬ hgn tNmZn-°p-Itbm sNøm-sa∂v IcpXn
`-mcy-tbmSv Imcyw ]d™ tijw A-t±l-w Atßm´v t]mbn. ASpØv sN∂v
t\m-°p-tºm-gmWv AXv IØn-°m≥ ]‰nb- hn[-Øn-ep≈ Xob-√, Akm-[m-c-W
h-n[-Øn-ep≈ Hcp {]Im-ia
- m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂-v At±-lØ
- n\v a\- n-em-hp-∂X
- .v Cs-X√mw I≠v Aº-c∂v \n¬°p∂ Ah-kc--Øn¬Xs∂ At±lw Hc-i-cocn tIƒ°p-∂p ""Rm≥ k¿htemI c£n-Xm-hmb
A√m-lp-hmWv'' F∂n-ßs
- \-bmWv AXmcw-`n-®-Xv. tijw At±-l-Øns‚ ]mZ-c£-Iƒ am‰n-sh-®p-sIm≠v aptºm´v Ibdn

\n¬°m≥ A√mlp aqktbmSv I¬]n°p-∂p. XpS¿∂v At±-l-Øns‚ Iøn-ep≈-sX-¥mWv F∂v tNmZn-°p-∂p. CsXmc-p hSn-bm-sW-∂pw B
- S- p-Iƒ°v Xm≥ CX-p-]-tbm-Kn-®p-sIm≠v Ce-Iƒ hogvØns°m-Sp-°m-dp-s≠∂pw Ah Iq´w sX‰nt∏m-Im-Xn-cn-°m≥ B hSn sIm≠v XSpØv
]n-Sn-°m-dp-s≠∂pw CXn\p ]pdsa Xm≥
C-Xv IpØn-∏n-Sn®p \S-°m-dp-s≠∂pw ]dbp-∂p. F¶n¬ B hSn-sbm∂v Xmsg CSm-≥ A√mlp I¬]n-°p-∂p. DSs\ B
h-Sn AXm Hcp henb ]mºmbn Xocp-∂p- .
AXv I≠v aqk `b-t∂m-Sn. `b-s∏-tS-≠-Xn-s√∂pw AXns\ ]gb \ne-bn-te°-v Xs∂ hSn-bmbnØs∂ amdn-s°m≈pw
F-∂v A√m-lp-hn¬\n∂pw Dd∏v e`n-®Xn--\-p-ti-j-amWv aqkm hSn Xmsg \n∂pw FSp-°p-∂-Xv.
ChnsS Hcp Imcyw {]tXyIw {i≤n°p-I. h¿j-ßf
- mbn Xm≥ IqsS sIm≠p\-S-°p∂ hSn s]s´∂v Hcp ]mºmbn
am-dpw F∂v At±lw Hcn-°epw {]Xo£n--®n-´p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. Cu A¤pX kw`h-Øn¬ Aº-c∂v t]mb-Xp-sIm-≠mWv
A-t±lw `b-t∂m-Sn-b-Xv. Xs‚ hSn ]mºm-bn amdpw F∂v At±-l-Øn\v t\csØ h√ Adn-hpw e`n-®n-cp-s∂-¶n¬ Cß-s\ `b-t∂m-Sp-I-bn-√m-bn-cp-∂p-h-t√m.
Cu- kw`hØn\v tijamWv At±-lØn\v {]hm-N-IXz]Zhn e`n-°p-∂-Xpw,
A-t±-l-Øns‚ At]£{]Imcw Xs‚
k-tlm-Z-c-\mb lmdqWns\ {]hm-NIXz ]Z-hn-bn-te-°p-b¿Øp-∂Xpw. C-cph-cpw IqSn ^tdm-h-bpsS ASp-°¬ t]mb-n Ckvdm-bo-eysc tamNn-∏n-°m≥ I¬∏n°p--∂-Xpw. CuPn-]vXnse sIm´m-c-Øn¬-sh®v ^tdm-h-bp-ambn \√\ne-bn¬
kw-hmZw \SØnt\m°n-sb-¶nepw [n°mcn-bmb ^tdmh At±-l-Øns‚ {]hm-NIXzw \ntj-[n-°p-Ibpw AXns‚ sXfnhv
A-t\z-jn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. Cu kabØv sXfn-hn-\mbn A√m-lp-hns‚ I-¬]-\b
- m¬ hSn Xmsg-bn´v ]mºm°n ImWn®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂p. F∂m¬ CsX√mw Xs‚- sIm´mcw amPn-°p-Im¿ km[m-cW sNøm--dp-≈X
- m-sW∂pw ˛aqkm \_n-bpsS
{]hm-NI
- Xz hmZw CXn-eqsS s]s´∂v Ah-km-\n-∏n-°mw F∂v Icp-Xnb ^tdm-h,
a-s‰mcp Znhkw Ipsd-°qSn {]K¬`-cmb
amPn-°p-Im-scbpw Iq´n Hcp a’-c-Øn\v
h-´w Iq´p-∂p. XpS¿∂v ^tdm-hb
- psS amPn-

2013 G{]n¬

5

°p-Im-cpsS Iøn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ hSnbpw
I-bd
- p-sa√mw ]mºmbn amdp-∂p. C{]-Imc-w hfscb[nIw ]mºp-Isf I≠-ºc
- ∂
A-t±lw A√m-lp-hns\ hnfn®v tXSp-∂p.
a-dp-]-Sn-bmbn ""`b-s∏-tS-≠-Xn√ aqkm...
\n-s‚ Iøn-ep-≈Xv \obpw Ct´-°pI'' XpS-¿∂v At±lw Xs‚ hSn Xmsg-bn-Sp-∂p.
D-S≥ aqkm \_n-bpsS ]mºv ^tdmh-bpsS amPn-°p-Im-cpsS ]mºn-s\-sb√mw
hngp-ßp-∂X
- mWv ImWm≥ Ign-™X
- .v CXv
I≠v IqSp-X¬ Aº-c∂ amPn-°p-Im-c≥
CXv Xß-fp-tS-Xp-t]m-ep≈ Hcp I¨sI´v
hn-Zy-b-s√-∂pw, CXv {kjvSm-hn-\m¬ am{Xw km[y-am-hp∂ Hc¤pX {]h¿Ø-\am-sW∂pw a\- n-em-°nb amc-W-°m¿
aqk \_n-bn¬ hniz-kn-°m≥ clky-ambn Xocp-am-\n-°p-I-bmWp≠m-b-Xv.
C-hnsS {i≤nt°≠ Imcyw, sIm-´mcw amPn--°p-Im-cpsS hnZy-bm¬ amdnb ]m-ºp-Isf I≠t∏mƒ aqkm \_n `o-Xn-Z\mhp-IbmWv sNbvXXv F∂mWv. Cusbmc-‰ kw`htØmsS Xs∂ apAvPnk-ØpI-ƒ Hcn°epw {]hmNI∑m¿°v t]mepw
kz-¥w C„{]Imcw \n¿hln°m≥ Ignbp-∂X√ F∂v a\ nem°m≥ km[n°-pw. AXpsIm-≠mWv a\-kvXm-]-tØmsS Xs‚ hSnbpw Xmsg-bn-Sm-\p≈ ssZhI-¬]-\°v apºn¬ At±lw t]SntbmsS
hg-ßp-∂X
- v. F∂m¬ ChnsS kw`-hn-°p∂--tXm, aqkbpsS hSn ]mºmbn am-dp- I am{X-a√, `oI-c-\mb B ]mºv amcW-°m-cp-sS-sb√mw ]mºp-Isf hngp-ßpI
Iq-Sn sNøp-∂p. ChnsS Aº-c-°p-∂Xv
^-tdm-h-bpsS amPn-°p-Im¿ am{X-a-√, aqk IqSn-bm-Wv. A√m-lp-hns‚ A]mc--amb Ignhv Ft∏mƒ, Fß-s\-sb-s∂√-mw {]hmNI¿°p-t]mepw A⁄m-Xa
- mWv. F∂Xt√ CXn¬\ns∂√mw a\- nem-hp-∂X
- .v AXp-t]mse ]n∂o-sSm-cn-°¬
Xs‚ A\p-bm-bn-It- fm-sSm∏w Hcp ae-{ºtZ-iØv Xº-Sn-°p∂ At±-lt- ØmSv sh≈-Øn\v th≠n bmNn-°p-tºmƒ, A√mlp-hns‚ I¬]-\-bm¬ aqk {]hm-NI≥ Xs‚ AtX hSn-sIm≠v ]md-bn¬
A-Sn-°p-∂p. H∂p-IqSn Btem-Nn-®p-t\-m°-p˛A-t±-l-Øns‚ Iøn-ep-≈Xv t\csØ ]e XhW ]mºmbn amdnb AtX
h-Sn-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ AXp-sIm≠v ]md-bn-¬ ASn-®-t∏mƒ kw`-hn-®Xv ˛A-tX-]m-dbn-¬\n∂pw ]pd-Øp-h-∂Xv ]{¥≠v
(_m°n t]Pv 49¬)

Xn-cp-sam-gnA_q AZo_v

lrZ-b-hn-ip≤n
dkq¬ Acpfn: ""Adn-bp-I, \n›-b-ambpw ico-c-Øn¬ Hcp amwk-]n-fi-ap-≠v. AXv \∂m-bm¬ icocw apgp-h≥ \∂m-bn. AXv Zpjn-®m¬ icocw apgp-h≥ Zpjn-®p. Adn-bp-I,
A-XmWv lrZbw.'' (_p-Jmcn, apkvenw)

BZ¿iw hm°p-I-fnepw I¿a-߃
B-Nm-tcm-]N
- m-cß
- f
- n-ep-ambn ]cn-an-Xs
- ∏´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ib
- mWv C∂v. hnip≤ Izp¿-B\pw {]hm-N-I-N-cybpw Pohn-XsØ
kzm[o-\n-°p-∂-Xn\v ]Icw Ah A£c-ß-fnepw hm°p-I-fnepw HXp-ßp-∂p. \∑-bn-te°v Pohn-XsØ ASp-∏n-°m-\p≈
Bflm¿Y-amb {ia-߃ A[n-I-am-fp-Ifnepw ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√.
Hcp-]mSv kZp-]t- Z-iß
- ƒ tIƒ°p-∂h-cmWv a\p-jy≥; hninjym apkvenw-Iƒ.
Bflob {]`m-jW
- ß
- fpw ktΩ-f\
- ß
- fpw
Izp¿-B≥ ¢mkp-Ifpw kn.-Un-Ifpw ]pkvX
- I
- ß
- fpw Fhn-sSbpw [mcm-fw. ]t£,
tI-ƒ°p-Ibpw Bkzm-Z\ am[p-cy-Øn-\\p-kr-X-ambn hne-bn-cp-Øp-Ibpw sNøp∂-X-√msX Pohn-X-Øn¬ henb am‰-ßsfm-∂p-ap-≠m-°p-∂n-√.
A√m-lp-hns‚ ZrjvSm-¥-߃ hnhcn-®v tIƒ∏n-°-s∏-´m¬ ]cn-K-Wn-°m-Xncn-°p-∂h
- sc "lrZbw ISpØp t]mb-h¿'
F∂mWv Izp¿-B≥ ]cn-Nb
- s
- ∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv. ""]n∂oSv AXn-\p-ti-jhpw \nß-fpsS
a-\- p-Iƒ ISp-Øp-t]m-bn. Ah ]md
t]m-setbm AXn-t\-°mƒ ISp-ØtXm
B-bn `hn®p'' (2:74) ""Aßs\ thZ-°m¿-°v Imew Zo¿Ln-®p-t]m-hp-Ibpw X-≥-

aq-ew Ah-cpsS lrZ-bß
- ƒ ISp-Øp-t]mhp-Ibpw sNbvXp'' (57:16). kXyw tI-ƒ°m-\pw Dƒs°m-≈m\pw kml-Ncyw e`n®n´pw AXn\v Xøm-dm-Im-Øh
- c
- psS lrZb-߃°v A√mlp Xs∂ aqSn-bn-Sp-∂Xm-W.v ""AsX-¥p-sIm-s≠-∂m¬ Cl-temI-Po-hn-XsØ ]c-tem-It- Ø-°mƒ IqSpX¬ Ah¿ CjvS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. A√mlp-hm-I-s´, kXy-\n-tj-[n-I-fmb BfpIsf t\¿h-gn-bn-em-°p-∂-Xp-a-√. lrZ-bß-ƒ°pw tIƒhn°pw ImgvNI
- ƒ°pw A√mlp ap{Z-h®
- n-´p≈ Hcp hn`m-Ka
- m-Ip∂p
A-°q-´¿. A°q-´¿ Xs∂-bm-Ip∂p A{i≤-¿. H´pw kwi-b-an-√, Ah¿ Xs∂-bmWv ]c-tem-IØv \jvS°
- m¿'' (16:107-˛109)
a\ v \∂m-°m-sX-bp≈ hm°pw {]hr--Ønbpw kXy-Øn¬\n∂pw \sΩ _lp--Z qcw AI-‰pw. ""Nne Bfp-If
- p≠v sFlnI Pohn-X-Im-cy-Øn¬ Ah-cpsS kwkm-cw \n\°v IuXpIw tXm∂n-°pw. Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-hn-ip-≤n°v Ah¿ A√mlp-sh km£n \n¿Øp-Ibpw sNøpw.
hm-kvXh
- Ø
- n¬ Ah¿ (k-Xy-Øn-s‚) ITn-\-ssh-cn-I-fs{X.'' (2:204)
lrZ-bsØ F{]-Imcw D]-tbm-Ks
- ∏Sp-Øn F∂v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-ØmsX ]ctem-IØv c£-s∏-Sm-\m-hn√: ""Xo¿®-bm-

2013 G{]n¬

6

bpw tIƒhn, ImgvN, lrZbw F∂n-hs
- b∏‰n-sb√mw tNmZyw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂X
- mWv''
(17:36)
\∑-bp-sSbpw Xn≥a-bp-sSbpw \mºpI-ƒ lrZ-b-Øn-emWv apf-s]m-´p-∂-Xv. a\- v hrØn-bmbn ]cn-c£
- n-°p-∂h
- ¿
- °
- mWv hnP-ba
- p-≠m-hp-I. lrZbw \∂m-bm¬
i-cocw apgp-h\pw \∂mbn F∂m-Wt- √m,
{]hm-NI
- ≥ apl-ΩZv \_n ]Tn-∏n-®X
- v.
lrZbw hnip-≤-am°n \ne-\n¿ØpI-bpw kXysØ kwi-bn-°msX kzoIcn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXX
- p-sIm-≠mWv Ncn-{XØn¬ Xpey-X-bn-√mØ kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ hml-Ic
- m-Im≥ {]hm-NI
- m-\p-Nc
- ≥
- a
- m¿-°v Ign-™-Xv. BZ¿i i{Xp-°ƒ°v
t]mepw \∑ am{Xta Ah-sc-°p-dn®v ]dbm-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈q. \∑-bpsS kmcmwi-߃ {Kln-°m-\p≈ Ah-kcw e`n-®n´pw \ap°v ]cn-h¿Ø-\-ap-≠m-Ip-∂n-s√¶n-¬ \ΩpsS lrZ-b-hn-ip≤n \mw ]p\x]-cn-tim-[n-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ""GsXmcp
P-\X
- bpw kz¥w \ne-]m-Sp-Ifn¬ am‰w hcp-Øp-∂X
- p-hsc A√mlp Ah-cpsS ÿnXn°v hyXymkw hcp-Øp-I-bn√'' (13:-11-)
F∂ Izp¿-B-\nIm[ym-]\w CØ-cp-WØn-¬ IqSp-X¬ {it≤-ba
- m-Ip-∂p.

]-{Xm-[n-]¿-°v- ]-d-bm-\p-≈-Xv-

\pW ]-d-b-cpXv; H-cp Im-c-W-h-imepw
"H-cp ap-kven-an-\v `o-cp-hm-bn-cn-°m≥ I-gnbp-tam?'
"I-gn-bpw. (ap-kv-enw-I-fn¬ Nn-e¿ Nn-e-t∏mƒ `o-cp-°-fm-bn-cn°pw)'
"H-cp ap-kven-an-\v ]n-ip-°-\m-bn-cn-°m≥ I-gnbp-tam?'
"AsX (Nn-e-t∏mƒ Nn-e ap-kvenw-Iƒ ]n-ip-°≥-am-cm-bn-cn°pw)'
"H-cp ap-kv-en-an-\v \p-W-b-\m-bn-cn-°m≥ I-gnbp-tam?'
"C√ (ap-kvenw-Iƒ H-cn-°epw \p-W-b≥-am-cm-hp-I-bn√)'
ap-lΩ-Zv \_nbpw A-\p-N-c≥-amcn-sem-cmfpw X-Ωn-¬ \-S-∂-Xm-bn Camw am-enIv  tc-J-s∏SpØn-b kw-`m-jW
- ß
- fn-sem-∂m-WnXv. ap-kve
- n-an-s‚ Po-hn-XØ
- n¬ H-cn-°epw D-≠m-Im≥ ]m-Sn√mØ Zp¿-Kp-Wa
- m-Wv \p-W]
- d
- ®
- n-se-∂v hy-‡a
- m-°p-∂ kw-`m-jW
- w. a-\ 
- n-\p-≈n-se-¥m-Wp-≈s
- X∂pw
\m-hp-Iƒ a-{¥n-°p-∂-sX-¥m-sW∂pw Ir-Xyhpw kq-£v-a-hp-am-bn A-dn-bm-hp-∂ A√m-lp-hn¬ AN-©-e-am-bn hn-iz-kn-°p-∂-h¿-s°ß-s\ If-hp ]-d-bm≥ km-[n-°pw? hym-P-hm¿-Ø-Iƒ \n¿-an°p-Ibpw X-s‚ am-[y-a-Øn-\v k¿-°p-te-j≥ h¿-[n-∏n-°m-\p-≈ sk≥-tk-j-W¬ I≠‚ v B-bn
Ah-sb D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-Ibpw sN-øp-∂-hcpw F-Xn-cm-fn-sb X-d-]-‰n-°m-\m-bn \p-W-Iƒ \n¿-an-°pIbpw {]-N-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sN-øp-∂-hcp-sam∂pw ap-kvenw k-aq-l-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-°q-sS-∂v hy-‡-am°p-∂X
- mWv Cu kw-`m-jWw. ap-kvenw-Iƒ-°v \p-W]
- d
- b
- m≥ \ym-bo-Ic
- W
- ß
- f
- n-s√-∂¿Yw.
Ip-´nI-sf {]-tem-`n-∏n-°m-\m-bn \p-W ]-d-bp-∂ am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ X-ß-fp-sS a-Sn-Ø-´n¬ h-f¿Øp-∂X
- v s]-cpw \p-Wb
- ≥-am-cm-bn-Øo-cm≥ km-[y-Xb
- p-≈ a-°s
- f-bm-sW-∂ h-kvXp-X a-d∂
- p-IqSm.
X-s∂ {]-tNm-Zn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bn \p-W ]-d-bp-∂ c-£n-Xm-°-fn¬ \n∂v "\p-W A-{X Ip-g-∏-ap-≈-X√' F-∂ k-tµ-iw ]Tn-°p-∂ Ip-´n-Iƒ C-tX X{¥w kp-lr-Øp-°-tfmSpw k-tlm-Zc-ß-tfmSpw A[ym]-It- cm-Sp-sa√mw ]-b‰
- n-sØ-fn-bp-∂t- Xm-sS In-Sb
- ‰
- \p-Wb
- ≥-am¿ P-\n-°p-Ib
- m-bn-. \p-W sN-dpXm-sW-¶nepw h-ep-Xm-sW-¶nepw A-Xv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øp-sa∂pw hn-Nm-c-W\m-fn¬ A-h Xn-∑-I-fm-bn
I-\w Xq-ßp-sa∂pw ]Tn-∏n-°s
- ∏-´h
- ¿-°v F-ßs
- \-bm-Wv Ip-´n-It- fm-Sm-sW-¶nepw \p-W ]-db
- m≥ Ign-bp-I? "\p-W tc-J-s∏-SpØp-I \p-W-bm-bn-´p X-s∂-bmWv. H-cp sIm-®p\pW sIm-®p-\p-W-bm-bn
X-s∂ F-gp-X-s∏-Sp-∂p' (kz-lo-lp ap-kv-enw) F-∂m-Wt√m \_n ]Tn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv. A-–p√mln-_v-\p B-an-¿hn¬-\n-∂v \n-thZ-\w sN-ø-s∏-´ H-cp A-\p-`-h I-Y, kp\-\p A-_o-Zm-ho-Zn¬ D≤-cn-°-s∏-´n-´p≠v. A-Xv C-ß-s\-bmWv. "H-cn-°¬ Ft¥m Im-cy-Øn-\v H-cp km[-\w X-cm-sa-∂v ]d-™p-sIm-≠v F-s‚ D-Ω F-s∂ hn-fn-®p. A-t∏mƒ \_n R-ß-fp-sS ho-´n-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. F¥m-Wv sImSp°m≥ t]m-Ip-∂-sX-∂v \_n D-Ω-tbm-Sv tNm-Zn®p. "H-cp Imc-°' F-∂v A-h¿ a-dp]Sn ]-d-™-t∏mƒ \_n Hm¿-a-s∏-SpØn. "B Im-c-° \n߃ Cu Ip-´n-°v sIm-Sp-°m-Xn-cp-∂m¬
H-cp \p-W ]-d-™ Ip-‰w \n-ß-fp-sS I¿--a -tc-J-bn¬ F-gp-X-s∏-Spw' "B-sc-¶nepw H-cp km[-\w \¬-Im-sa-∂v ]d-™v H-cp- Ip-´n-sb hn-fn-®p-h-cp-Øp-Ibpw A-Xv \¬-Im-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xm¬ A2013 G{]n¬

7

sXm-cp \p-W ]-d-®n-em-bn' F-∂v \_n ]-d-™-Xm-bn Camw A-lva-Zv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.
a-\- n¬ H-∂p-sh-®v ]p-d-ta-°v a-s‰m-∂v ]-d-bp∂-Xv \p-W-bm-sW-∂v X-s∂-bm-Wv {]-hm-NI≥ ]Tn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv. "H-cp km[-\w e-`n-°-W-sa∂ tam-lw a-\- n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-sh-®v AXn-t\m-sSm-cp taml-hp-an√-msb-∂ kv{- Xo-If
- p-sS h¿-Øa
- m-\w \p-Wb
- m-bn K-Wn-°s
- ∏Sptam?' F∂ tNm-Zy-Øn-\mWv "\pW \p-Wb
- m-bn-´v X-s∂-bm-Wv tc-Js
- ∏-Sp-Øs
- ∏Sp-I'sb-∂v \_n a-dp]-Sn ]-d™
X
- v. (kz-lo-lp ap-kvenw) k-Xy-hn-izm-kn-I-fp-sS \mhpw a-\ pw H-tc Xm-f-{I-a-Øn-em-bn-cn-°-W-sa-∂m-Wv \_n C-hn-sS
]Tn-∏n-°p-∂Xv. a-\- n-ep-≈-sX√mw ]p-d-Øp-]-d-b-W-sa-∂√ C-Xn¬ \n-∂v a-\- n-em-t°-≠Xv; a-\- nep≈-tX ]p-d-Øp-]-dm-hq-sb-∂m-Wv. B-{K-l-am-sW-¶nepw B-i-b-am-sW-¶nepw a-\- n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-h®-Xn-\v hn-cp-≤-am-bn, A-h-k-cØn-s\m-Øv h¿-Ø-am-\w ]-d-bp∂-Xv k-Xy-hn-izm-kn-I-fp-sS io-e-am-bn°qSm. AØ-cw h¿-Ø-\-am-\-ß-sf√mw I-≈-ß-fm-bn tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øp-sa∂pw hn-Nm-c-W-\m-fn¬ Xn≥-abp-sS Xp-em-kn-s‚ I-\w h¿-[n-∏n-°p-∂-h-bm-Wv A-h-sb-∂p-ap≈ t_m-[w \m-hpI-sf \n-b-{¥n-°m-≥
\-ap-°v {]-tNm-Z\
- a
- m-th-≠X
- m-Wv.
I-≈w I-S-∂p-h-cm-dp-≈ H-cp {]-[m-\-s∏-´ ta-J-e-bm-Wv X-am-iIƒ. t\cw-t]m-°n-\p-th-≠n \p-W-Iƒ ]-db
- p-tºmƒ A-Xv hy-‡n-If
- p-am-bn _-‘s
- ∏-Sp-Øn A-hX
- c
- n-∏n-°m-\m-Wv B-fp-Iƒ-°v Xm¬-]c
- yw.
Po-hn-®n-cn-°p∂-htcm a-cn®-htcm B-b B-cp-sS-sb-¶nepw Po-hn-X-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-Sp-Øn X-am-i-Iƒ
]-d-bp-∂-h¿ \p-W, ]-c-Zqj-Ww F-∂o C-c-´-]m-]-ß-fm-Wv sN-øp-∂-sX-∂v ]-e-t∏mgpw Nn-¥n-°m-dn√.
"B-fpI-sf Nn-cn-∏n-°p-hm-\m-bn \p-W-bn¬ sa-\-s™-Sp-Ø I-Y-Iƒ ]-d-bp-∂-h¿-°v \m-iw' F-∂v {]hm-NI≥ {]m¿Yn-®-Xm-bn Pm-an-D-Øn¿-an-Zn-bn-ep-≠v. a-s‰√m Im-cy-ß-fnepw k-Xyk-‘-X ]p-e¿-Øp∂-h-\m-sW-¶n¬ t]mepw X-am-i-bmbpw X¿-°n-°p-tºmgpw If-hp ]-d-bp-∂-h-\m-Wv H-cm-sf-¶n¬ Abm-fpsS Cu-am-\n-\v Ip-g∏
- a
- p-s≠-∂v {]-hm-NI≥ ]Tn-∏n-®X
- m-bn Camw A-lvaZv \n-thZ-\w sN-bvX
- n´p≠v. \p-W ]-d-bn-s√-∂v {]-Xn-⁄ sN-bv-Xv Po-hn-°p-∂-h¿-°v kz¿-K-ap-s≠-∂v \_n k-t¥m-j-hm¿-Ø-b-dn-bn-®-Xm-bp-≈ Camw ss_-lJnbp-sS \n-thZ-\w \m-hn-s\ kq-£n-°p-∂-h¿-°v {]Xo-£ \¬-Ip-∂-XmWv. "t\cw-t]m-°m-bn t]mepw \p-W ]-d-bn-s√-∂v \n-jv-I¿-j-bp-≈-bmƒ-°v kz¿-K-Øn-\v \Sp-hn¬ H-cp ho-Sv Rm≥ D-d-∏p-\¬-Ip∂p' F-∂-Xm-Wv \_nhm-Kv-Zm-\w.
X-\nt°m X-s‚ I-£nt°m P-bn-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bn I-≈-sØ-fn-hp-I-fp-≠m-°p-Ibpw A-Xv {]-N-cn-∏n°-pI
- bpw sN-øp∂-Xv ]m-XI
- a
- m-sW-∂m-Wv C-kvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂X
- v. "sIm-Spw-]m-]ß
- s
- f-°p-dn-®v Rm≥
\n-߃-°v ]-d-™p-X-cs´-tbm' F-∂v aq-∂ph-´w tNm-Zn-°p-Ibpw "ssZ-h-ZqX-sc ]-d-™p-X-∂m-epw' F∂ A-\p-N-c {]-Xn-I-c-W-Øn-\v a-dp-]-Sn-bm-bn "A√m-lp-hn¬ ]-¶p-tN¿-°p-I, am-Xm-]n-Xm-°-tfm-Sv A\p-k-c-W-t°-Sv Im-Wn-°p-I, A-\ym-b-am-bn sIm-e sNøp-I' F-∂v ]-d-bp-Ibpw sNbv-X {]-hm-N-I\S]-Sn kz-lo-lp¬ _p-Jm-cn-bn¬ \n-thZ-\w sN-ø-s∏-´n-´p≠v. C-sX√mw {]-hm-N-I≥ ]-d™-Xv Nm-cn-bncp-∂p-sIm-≠m-bn-cp∂p. aq-∂p a-lm-]m-X-I-ß-sf∏-‰n ]-d-™ ti-jw {]-hm-NI≥ F-gp-t∂-‰p-\n∂p.
]n-s∂ A-t±-lw B-h¿-Øn-®p-]-d™p-sIm-≠n-cp∂p. "\p-W ]-db¬; I-≈-sØ-fn-hv \¬I¬; \n-›bw, A√m-lp \-∂m-bn A-dn-bp-∂p≠v'. "\_n an-≠m-Xn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬' F-∂v kz-lm-_n-am¿ B-{K-ln°p-thm-fw C-Xv B-h¿-Øn®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂ \-_n\-S]
- S- n-bn¬-\n-∂v \p-W ]-db
- p-∂X
- n-s‚bpw hym-P sXfn-hp-If
- p-≠m-°p-∂X
- n-s‚bpw Kuc-hw F-{X-tØm-fa
- m-sW-∂v a-\ 
- n-em-°m≥ I-gn-bpw. tIm-SX
- n-bn¬-\nt∂m P-\-ß-fn¬-\nt∂m G-Xp X-c-Øn-ep-≈ hn-[n-bm-Wv e-`n-t°-≠-sX-∂v ap≥-Iq-´n A-Xp e-`n-°m-\mh-iyam-b co-Xn-bn¬ sX-fn-hv \n¿-an-°p∂-Xv F-¥p-am{Xw hen-b ]m-X-I-am-sW-∂v C-Xv kpX-cmw hy‡-am-°p-∂p-≠v.
I-≈w ]-d-bp-Itbm {]-N-cn-∏n-°p-Itbm sN-øm≥ ]m-Sn-s√-∂v k-aql-sØ ]Tn-∏n-t°-≠-h-cm-Wv ]fin-X≥-amcpw {]-t_m-[-I-cpw. A-hcpw Cu ZuXyw i-cn-bmwh-Æw \n¿-h-ln-°m-Xn-cp-∂m¬ CØ-cw
Xn-∑-Iƒ hym-]-I-am-hp-I-bm-bn-cn°pw ^ew. kz-¥Ønt\m k-¥w I-£nt°m A-\p-Iq-eam-b I-f-hpIƒ ]-db
- p-Itbm {]-’m-ln-∏n-°p-Itbm {]-Nc
- n-∏n-°p-Itbm sN-øp-∂h
- c
- m-bnØo-cm-Xn-cn-°m≥ {]-t_m[-I-sc√mw {i-≤n-t°-≠-XmWv. \p-W-{]-N-c-Whpw hym-Ptc-J \n¿am-Whpw Xm¬-°m-en-Iam-b kw-Xr]vX
- nbpw hn-Pb
- hpw {]-Zm-\w sN-bvt- X°mw; F-∂m¬ B-Xy-¥n-Ia
- m-bn \m-iw am-{X-am-Wv A-Xv h-cp-Ønsh-°p-I-sb-∂ {]-hm-N-I]mTw Dƒ-s°m-≈m≥ F√m-h¿-°pw I-gn-tb-≠-Xp≠v. A-hkm-\Ime-Øv hcm--\n-cn-°p-∂-h-sc-∂v {]-hm-NI≥ ap-∂-dn-bn-∏v \¬In-b N-Xn-b≥-amcpw \p-W-b≥-am-cp-am-b-h-cp-sS KW-Øn¬ s]-Sm-Xn-cn-°m≥ A√m-lp \-sΩ-sb√mw A-\p-{K-ln-°s´ (B-ao≥).
{]-hm-NI≥ ]-d™p. "F-s‚ k-ap-Zm-b-Øn¬ A-h-km-\-\m-fn¬ H-cp X-cw P-\-ß-fp-≠m-hpw. NXn-b≥-amcpw \p-W-b≥-am-cp-am-bn-cn°pw Ah¿. \n-ßtfm ]q¿-hn-Itcm H-cn-°epw tI-´-n´n√m-Ø ]-eXp-w A-h¿ \n-ß-tfm-Sv ]-d-bpw... A-Ø-c-°m-sc kq-£n-°p-I. \nß-sf A-h¿ h-gn-sX-‰n-®v Ip-g-∏-Ønem-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ kq-£v-a-X ]m-en°pI' (kz-lo-lv ap-kvenw).
2013 G{]n¬

8

Fs‚ hkv{Xw {]Xntcm[amWv;
s]◊bpsS ]q¿WXbpw

Xkv\ow ^ukn
CkvemanI A[ym]\ßfn¬ a\pjykaqlØns‚ ASn-ÿm\m-hiyßsfbpw Ae¶mc hn`hßsfbpsa√mw th¿Xn-cn®p-sIm≠p-≈ kphy‡amb {]kvXmh\Iƒ ImWmw. `£Ww, hkv{Xw,
]m¿-∏nSw, XpSßnb ASnÿm\ kma{KnIsf AanXamImsX, AXn-s‚ XcmXcßfn¬ AXncp IhnbmsX D]tbmKs∏SpØ-W-sa∂-XmWv Ckvemans‚ imk\. PohnX hnc‡nbneq∂n {]]©{k-„mhns‚ A\p{KlßtfmSpw, Ae¶mcßtfmSpw ]pdwXncn™p
\n-¬°p∂Xns\ Ckvemw I¿i\ambn hne°nbncn°pIbmWv. Cc-tXSp∂Xn\pw, CWtNcp∂Xn\pw IqsSmcp°p∂Xn\psa√mw D≈
A-Xy¥w hnkvabIcamb ssh`h߃ PohPmeßfn¬ P≥-akn≤-ambn k∂nthin°s∏´n´p≠v. AtXkabw \mWw ad°m\p≈
h-kv{Xw a\pjy{]IrXnbpsS am{Xw ASnÿm\mhiyamWv. ""BZw
k-¥XnItf, \n߃°v \mw \nßfpsS tKm]yÿm\߃ ad-bv°m-\pXIp∂ hkv{Xhpw Ae¶mchkv{Xhpw \¬Inbncn°p∂p.
[¿-a\njvTbmIp∂ hkv{XamIs´ AXmWv IqSpX¬ DØaw. Ah¿
{i-≤n®p a\ nem°phm≥ th≠n A√mlp AhXcn∏n°p∂ sXfn-hp-Ifn¬ s]´Xs{X AXv.'' (kqdØv AAvdm^v 26)
2013 G{]n¬

9

kz¿KobhmkØn\nSbn¬ ]nimNns‚ Zp¿t_m[\Øn\Sns∏´v B-ZnamXm]nXm-°fpsS kz¿Kobhkv{Xw \oßnt∏m-hpIbpw AhcpsS \·X shfn-s∏Sp-Ibpw sNbvX kw`hw D≤cn® tijw
]-cnip≤ Izp¿B≥ kqdØv AAv-dm-^n¬ a\pjys‚ `qhmkØn\p \mµn-Ip-dn®h
- njb߃ ssIImcyw sNøp∂p≠v.
`q-anbn¬ A[nhkn°m≥ Bcw`n® a\p-jykaqlØn\v {]Yahpw {][m-\hpam-bn \¬Inb A\p{Klambn {k„mhv
h-kv{Xhn`hsØ AhnsS ]cm-a¿-in-®ncn-°pIbmWv. GXv \yqUnÃmsW¶nepw
X-cnºpw hkv{Xw ths≠∂v hmZn°m≥
A-h\v As√¶n¬ Ahƒ°v IgnbmØ
h-Æw Iemhÿbnse {]XnIqe LSIß-ƒ°v Ah¿ Iogvs]t´ aXnbmhq. F{-X hkv{X hntcm[nIfmsW¶nepw sImSn-b XWp∏n\pw ITn\amb NqSn\pw A\p-krXambn sshhn[yam¿∂ thjhn[m-\߃ kzoIcnt® aXnbmhq. B[p\n-I hkv{X hn]Wnbnse ^mj≥ XcwK-߃ BsWs∂√mw P¬]n®v ]ehnt[-\ hkv{X߃ [cn°p∂, [cn°m≥
a’-cn°p∂hcmWv C°q´cn¬ Gdnb
]-¶pw. AXnat\mlcamb h¿Wßfn¬
XqhepIfpw, tcma°q´ßfpw F√mambn
PohPme߃ ]cnc£n°s∏Sptºmƒ
kq-£vaambn FSpØv AWntb≠ DSbm-SIƒ aptJ\ a\pjykaqlØnse
B-Wpw s]Æpw DZmØamb Hcp ]cn-c£-bnte°v B\bn°s∏SpIbmWv. Ckv-emw AhnsSbpw IrXyamb \nba\n¿tZ-i߃ A\pimkn®n´p≠v. BWpw
s]-Æpw A\ph¿Ønt°≠ hkv{X-acym-ZIƒ IWniambn ]Tn∏n® aXamWv Ckv-emw. km¿h{XnIambn kv{Xo]o-U-\ß- ƒ Actßdptºmƒ Ckv e manI
hkv{X ImgvN∏mSpIsf AwKoI-cn-°pI-bpw AXn\pth≠n apdhn-fn-Iq-´pI-bpsam-s° sNøp∂hcpsS kXzc {i≤ ]Xn-tb≠ kp{][m\amb hkvXpX-I-fp≠v. Ckvemw apt∂m´psh® thjhn-[m\w At`Zyamb kpc£nX IhNam-sW∂-Xv At∏mƒ AhnX¿°nXamIpw.

Hcp kaqlØns‚ kp- c £n-X-XzØns‚ am\-Z-fiambn {]hm-N-I-≥ Nq≠n°m-Wn-®-Xv s]-Æv \n¿`-bambn k- ©- c- n °p∂ ÿnXn-hn-ti-jw D≠mbncn°p-I
F∂XmWv. B[p- \ -n-I - t emI-Øv AXni-‡-ambn {]t_m-[\w sNtø-≠ Xnc-psam-gn-bm-Wv AXv. C-kv-em-ans‚ ]cn]q¿Wamb h-f-¿-®sbØnb kaql-Øn-¬- k≥-B apX¬ l-fv¿auXv hsc
s]-Æn-\v \n¿`bw k-©-cn°m-≥ BIpsa∂ Xncph-N\w C∂ns‚ ImeØv F-{X
{]k‡amWv!

kºq¿W kpc£bpsS hnip≤
]mT-߃
Znt\s\ ]oU\hm¿ØIƒ s]-cp-Iptºm-ƒ ]ehn[tI{µßfn¬ \n∂pw am\y-amb hkv{X[mcWw kzoIcn®mte
s]-Æn\p c£bp≈q F∂ hn[-Ø-n-ep2013 G{]n¬

10

≈ {]NmcWßfpw i‡n {]m]n°p∂p≠v. ]t-£, Cu am\yXbpsS hkv{Xw \n¿hNn°m≥
A-h¿°m¿°pw {XmWnbns√∂Xpw {it≤-bamWv. ChnsSbmWv {k„mhv kv{Xo°v I\n-™-cpfn-b {U vtImUv t{]mPzeamIp∂Xv. Hcp kaqlØn-s‚ kpc£nXXzØns‚ am\Zfiambn {]hmNI≥ Nq≠n°mWn®Xv s]Æv \n¿`bambn
k©cn°p∂ ÿnXnhntijw D≠mbncn°pI
F∂XmWv. B[p\nItemIØv AXni‡ambn
{]-t_m[\w sNtø≠ XncpsamgnbmWv AXv.
C-kvemans‚ ]cn]q¿Wamb hf¿®sbØnb
kaq-lØn¬ k≥B apX¬ lfv¿auXv hsc
s]-Æn\v \n¿`bw k©cn°m≥ BIpsa∂ Xncph-N\w C∂ns‚ ImeØv F{X {]k‡amWv!
hnhml_-‘w \njn≤amsbmcp Iq´v s]Æn\v
kZm A\nhmcyamWv. AcpXmØ t\m´ßfpw
kv]
- ¿i\ßfpamsb√mw s]Æns\ Aha-Xn-°p∂ XcØn¬ CSs]SepIƒ ]pcpjs‚ `mKØv\n-∂p≠mbm¬ {]Xn∏´nIbn¬ H∂maXmbn s]Æn-s‚ thjhn[m\w IS∂phcpsa∂mWv Izp¿B-s‚ kqN\. \n߃ am\ybmWv, Ipeo\bmWv, F∂v Xcn®dnbs∏Sm\pw ieyw sNø-s∏SmXn-cn°m\pw icocw Np‰ns∏mXnbp∂ Ab™
h-kv{Xw [cn°Wsa∂ ]cn]mh\amb ]-cn-c£-bmWv \mY≥ I\n™cpfnbn´p≈Xv. am\yXbp-sS aIptSmZmlcWamb Cu Ab™ DSbmSsb ]¿Zsbt∂m, _p¿Jsbt∂m, Pn¬-_m-s_t∂-m XpSßn Fßns\sb√mw A`nkwt_m[\
sNbv-Xmepw Ahbh߃ AwK{]XywKw {]X-n^-en∏n°msX Ab™p Xqßn°nS°Wsa∂v
Xs∂bmWv Ckvemw \njvI¿jn°p∂Xv. AXn\-IØmWv kv{Xosb∂ AaqeycXv\w kzbw Bflm-`nam\tØmsS hncmPnt°≠Xv. kIeam\
kv-{XoNqjWßsfbpw XpcØntbmSn°p∂ {]Xn-tcm[ IhNamWXv. apkvenw kv{XobpsS Cu

kp-c£m-IhNsØ ^mjs‚bpw s{S‚ns‚bpsa√mw t]cn¬ A´nadn-®p-sIm≠v B]¬°camb ]cnjv I mc߃
BhnjvIcn®h¿ icockuµcy-kw-c£
- W-w F∂ ]mh\ [¿aØns‚ ISbv°em-Wv IØnsh®Xv. ]¿ZbWn™pw A_m-b [cn®pw \b\ kpJØn\v tIm∏p
Iq´p∂ Zpc¥amWv Aßns\ kwPmXam-bXv. CkvemanI hkv{Xw [cn®v ]-cky-ambn \oNhrØnIƒ {]h-¿-Ø-n-°p∂-hcpw kn\nam`n\bØns‚ te-_en¬
AXns\ XmdSn°p∂hcpsa√mw kpe`-ambns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv. apkvenw
kv-{XobpsS hkv{Xw ]pdw temIØv F{]-Imcambncn°Wsa∂Xns‚ \n_‘\-Iƒ IrXyambn {]Xn]mZn-°s∏-´X
- n-te°v aSßpI F∂p≈XmWv CØcpWØ-n¬ kXzcw sNtø≠Xv. apkvenw h\n-XbpsS hkv{Xw CdpIn∏nSn°msX Ab-hp≈Xpw t\¿ab√mØXpw ico-cØ
- ns‚ amwkfamb Ahbh`wKnsb {]Xn^en∏n°mØXpw kpK‘]-q-cn-X-a-√mØ-Xpw ]pcpjkaqlw kzoIcn®p hcp∂ thjtØmSv XmZmflyw ]pe¿Øm≥
]mSn√mØXpamsW∂ A[ym]\߃
Im‰n¬ ]dØs∏SmXncn°m\mWv \mw
PmKcqIcmtI≠Xv. F¥p Xncs™Sp°p-tºmgpw AXp `£Wambmepw ]m¿∏n-Sambmepw AXns‚ kp`{Zamb Kp-WK-Wßsf {i≤n°p∂ a\pjy≥ hkv{XØn-s‚ hnjbØn¬ I≠w sh®Xpw Ccp-hi߃ IodnbXpw aqSp {]Z¿in-∏n°p-∂Xpw amdnSw shfnhm°p-∂Xp-sa-√mw
Xn-cs™Sp°p∂Xv ]XnhmWv. BZn-am-

kv{XoNqjW ]-c-º-c-I-ƒ
sImSpºncn- sIm-≈p-tºm-ƒ
Hcp thf G-tXm \n wK`mh-Øn-tet°m AX-s√-¶n¬
A-Xns\ {Iqcambn B-kzZ-n°p-∂ XeØn-te-t°m icmi-cn ae-bm-fn amdn°gn-™ncn-°p-∂p. sk-Ivkv Sqd-n-kØn-\v hf°qdp≈ \-m-Sm-bn
{ZpX-K-Xn-bn¬ \-Ωp-sS \m-Sns\ ]cnW-an-∏n°m\p≈
Hfn-b-P≠Iƒ Cu A]-N-bØn-s‚ ASn-thcp-Iƒ tXSnbm¬ Z¿in-°m-\m-Ipw.

Xm-]nXm°fmb BZw s\bpw lhsbbpw
kz¿Kob I\n `£n∏n®v \·X shfnhm°n∏n®v
\miØnem°nb ss]imNnI Zp¿t_m[\߃
C-∂pw \ne\n¬°p∂p. \·Xm {]Z¿i\w k-¿h-ko- aIfpw ewLn®pIgn™ B[p\nIImeØv
{k„mhns‚ \nbamXn¿ØnIfpw adIfpw t`-Zn°-s∏SmXncn°m\p≈ AXni‡amb DZvt_m[-\߃ A\nhmcyamWv.
ASpØnsS _mw•qcnse I_≥ ]m¿°n¬
an-\n-kvI¿´pw anUnbpsa√mw C´v GXm\pw ]pcpj-≥am¿ kv{Xo]oU\Øns\Xnsc tPmen-°m-cmb kv{XoIfpsS Im¿anIXzØn¬ AWn-\nc-∂Xmbn I≠p. B kv{XoIƒ°pw ]pcpj≥am¿°pw
h-kv{Xw Hcn°epw kpc£nXXzØn\v `ojWnb-s√∂mWv sXfnbn°m\p≠mbncp∂Xv. ]ehn[ hnÕnthjßfpw sI´nbmSnbmWv C°q´¿ C-u
]ºc hnÕnØw Fgp∂≈n®sX∂v am{Xw. kv{Xo-thjw [cn® Xßsf Bcpw Itø‰w sNøm≥
Xp\n™n´ns√∂pw AXn\m¬Øs∂ ]oU-\-]¿-hØn\v ]n∂nse hn√≥ hkv{Xas√∂pw ka¿Yn-°\mWv Ah¿ an\s°´Xv. bYm¿YØn¬
CØcw tIm{]mb߃ hkv{XØnse A]mIX-Iƒ kv{Xosb F¥pam{Xw {]XnIqeambn _m[n-°p∂psh∂XmWv hnfn®dnbn°p∂Xv. kv{Xok-aqlw AWnbp∂ A¬]hkv{X߃ [cn®
]pcpjs\ tImamfnsbt∏mse ho£n® kaqlw
AtX hkv{Xw [cn® kv{Xosb sskzcambn Pohn-°m≥ A\phZn°p∂ns√∂nSØmWv hnj-bØn-s‚ a¿aw. kv{Xothjw sI´nb Xßsf Bcpw Ibdn∏nSn®ns√∂v hoºnf°p∂ ]cpj≥am¿
AdnbmsX t]mb Hcp alm ]cam¿Yap≠v. AY-hm Ah¿ kv{XoIf√ ]pcpj≥amcmsW∂v;
A-Xn\memWh¿ Itø‰w sNøs∏Sm-Xn-∏Sm-Xncp-∂sX∂v. GXpImeØpw kv{Xo Itø‰w sNø-s∏-Sp∂ps≠¶n¬ Ahƒ BZyw t\mt°≠Xv
Xm≥ C´n´p≈ hkv{XØnte°mWv. Xm≥ [-¿-a\n-jvTbmIp∂ hkv{Xw AWn™p sIm≠v _mly-ambn Np‰ns∏mXn™hfmtWm, AtXm hkv{X-aWn™ hnhkv{XIfmbmtWm F∂v {]Y-aam-bn ]cntim[n°s∏tS≠Xp≠v. ""\_ntb, \ns‚ ]Xv\namtcmSpw ]p{XnamtcmSpw kXyhn-izmkn-IfpsS kv{XoItfmSpw Ah¿ XßfpsS aqSp]S-߃ XßfpsS ta¬ XmgvØnbnSm≥ ]dbpI.
A-h¿ Xncn®dnbs∏Sphm\pw, Aßs\ Ah¿
ieyw sNøs∏SmXncn°phm\pw AXmWv G-‰h-pw A\ptbmPyambXv. A√mlp Gsd s]mdp°p-∂h\pw IcpWm\n[nbpamIp∂p.'' (kqd A-¬- Alvkm_v 59)
hkv{Xmt£]w sNøs∏Sp∂ hkvXpXIƒ
hn-ip≤ Izp¿B≥ PohnXØns‚ kIeam\
Xp-d-Ifnepw kv{Xo°pw ]pcpj\pw th≠ \n-b-

2013 G{]n¬

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a-߃ BhnjvIcn®n´p≠v. ]pcpj-t\msS-∂ t]mse kv{XotbmSpw Zr„n \n-b{¥n-°Wsa∂pw F¶n¬ am{Xta Kplymh-bh߃ ]cnip≤ambn ImØp ]cn]men-°s∏SpIbp≈q F∂pw hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥ A\pimkn®n´p≠v. AXnt\mSv
tN-¿ØpsIm≠vXs∂ kv{XoItfmSv apJa-°\Iƒ amdnSØnte°v Xmgv-Øn-bn-SW-sa∂v {]tXyIw \njvI¿jn®n´p≠v.
Xm-gvØnbnSWw, Xq°nbnSWw Fs∂√mw ]d™m¬ AXv Cdp°ns°-´n∏q-´¬ As√∂v a\ nem°m≥ kmam\y-_p≤n- aXn. CkvemanI hkv{X[mcWsØ
PUXzØns‚bpw A]cnjvIrX-XzØns‚-bpw ap{ZbSn®v Bt£]n-®ncp∂-h-¿°-pw AXns\ AhKWn®n-cp∂-h¿-°psa-√mw C∂v Ckveman\v ]pdØp≈h¿
Xs∂ CkvemanI hkv{XØns‚ ta-≥a-bpw alXzhpw hniZoIcn®psIm≠v adp-]Sn ]dbp∂Xv ipt`mZ¿°amWv. a\pjy-\v {]]©\mY≥ sImSpØ _p≤n
ac-hn®p t]mbn´ns√¶n¬ kv{Xo-kpc-£°v {]Yahpw {][m\hpambn th≠Xv
kv{XobpsS hkv{X[mcWw A¥ p-‰X
- mbn-cn°pI F∂ ]cam¿Yw t_m-[yamIm-Xncn°n√. sslµhk\ymknamcpw
]p-tcmlnX≥amcpw XpSßn a‰p t\XrXz-ßfnse ]ecpw Hcp`mKØv Ckv-eman-I thjhn[m\sØ {]Io¿Øn-®-t∏mƒ adphiØv tIfntI´ ]e _p≤nPohn-Ifpw Nph∂ sXcphn\v tIcfØns‚
aÆn¬ A\paXn \¬IWsa∂ h¶-Øam-Wv Fgp∂≈n®Xv. thiymhrØn°v
\n-bam\pkrXamb AwKoImcw \¬In°-gn™m¬ kv{Xo]oU\߃°v A-dpXn-bmhpsa∂v ]peºm≥ A]mc N¿aku-`mKyw Xs∂ thWw! \nba]cambn
sdUvkv{So‰v D≈ \ΩpsS sat{Sm-s]m-fn‰-≥ \Kcßfn¬ kv{XobpsS \ne F¥pam-{Xw ]cnXm]IcamsW∂ efnXamb
kXyw hº≥ _p≤nPohn \mSy°m-¿-°dn-bmsX t]mbncn°p∂p. [m¿anIX Xcn-ºpw Ahtijn°mØh¿°v F¥pamIm-at√m. skan\mdpIfpw kntºm-kn-bß-fpw CSXShn√msX hnfn®p Iq´n Ad-∏p-fhm°p∂ ]cnlmc߃ ]S®p-hnSp-∂h¿°v kIe ]cn[nIfpw ssI-tami-w h∂ncn°p∂p. kv{XoNqjW ]cºc-Iƒ sImSpºncns°m≈ptºmƒ Hcp
th-f GtXm \n wK`mhØntet°m AX-s√¶n¬ AXns\ {Iqcambn BkzZn°p-∂ XeØntet°m icmicn aebmfn

CkvemanI hkv{X-[m-c-WsØ PUXzØn-s‚-bpw A]cnjvIr-X-Xz-Øns‚bpw ap{Z-b-Sn-®v Bt£]n®n-cp∂-h¿-°pw AXns\ AhK-Wn-®n- c p∂- h - ¿ - ° p- s a- √ mw C∂v
Ckveman\v ]pdØp≈h¿
Xs∂ Ckv-emanI hkv-{XØn-s‚ ta≥abpw al-X-zhpw hniZoIcn®p-sIm-≠v adp-]Sn ]dbp∂Xv ip-t`m-Z-¿°-amWv. a\p-jy-\v {]]©\m-Y≥ sIm-Sp-Ø _p≤n ac-h-n-®p t]mbn´ns√¶n¬, kv{Xokpc£°v {]Yahpw
{][m\hpambn th≠Xv kv{Xo-bpsS hkv{X[mcWw A¥- p‰Xmbncn°pI F∂
]cam¿Yam-Wv.

2013 G{]n¬

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amdn°gn™ncn°p∂p. skIvkv SqdnkØn\v hf-°qdp≈ \mSmbn {ZpXKXnbn¬ \ΩpsS \m-Sns\ ]cnWan∏n°m\p≈ HfnbP≠Iƒ Cu A]-NbØns‚ ASnthcpIƒ tXSnbm¬ Z¿in-°m\m-Ipw.
ko{Xo]oU\ {]Xnk‘n?
kv{XoIƒ°p t\scbp≈ IS∂pIb‰ßsf
H-cp ss{Iknkmbn AhXcn∏n°pIbmWv B[p-\nItemIw. s]mfn‰n°¬ ss{Iknkv, ^n\m≥-jy¬ ss{Iknkv F∂nßs\bp≈hbpsS ]´n-Ibn¬ Hcp td∏v ss{Iknkv F∂ a´n¬ emL-hXztØmsS FÆp∂Xns\Xncn¬ hfsc Icp-XepIsfSpt°≠Xp≠v. s]Æmbm¬ ]oUn∏n-°s∏Spsa∂ coXnbn¬ Hgp°≥ a´n¬ AsXm-cp {]IrXn {]Xn`mkamsW∂p hcpØn-Øo¿°p-∂hcpap≠v. ]m›mXytemIØv CXv kw_‘-a-mbn \S°p∂ k¿thIfpw ]T\^eßfpw
Htc kabw ]cnXm]Ichpw `oXnZhpamWv. Ahn-sS s]Æns\ ]q¿Wambpw CØcw ssewKnI
Ip‰IrXyßfn¬ \ns∂√mw Ip‰hn-ap-‡-am-°nbn´-p≈ IpºkmcamWv \S∂psIm≠ncn°pXv.
AYhm kv{Xosb am\`wKs∏SpØs∏SpI-sb-∂Xv Hcp tIhe kzm`mhnI {]IrXn]camb {]Xn`m--kw (Natural phenomenon) BsW∂mWv Ah-¿ ka¿Yn°p∂Xv. AØcw Itø‰ßsf A-¿ln-°p∂ Ah⁄tbmsS AhKWn°Wsa∂pw
"C-‰v Cukv t\m´v bph¿ ankvt‰sI∂pw' F√mw
]p-eºn s{_bn≥ hmjv sNøp∂ {]hWX AXy-¥w amcIamWv. ssewKnI Itø‰ßƒ°v tij-ap≈ am\knImLmXØn¬ \n∂v c£ t\Sm-\p≈ Ipdp°phgnIsf°pdn®pw Iu¨-k-enßv skt‚gvkns\ Ipdn®psa√mw BWv Ah¿
s]m-en∏n®p ]Tn∏n®psIm≠ncn°p∂Xv. K-¿`-[m-

c-WsØØSbp∂ kpc£m-am¿K߃
kZm IqsS IcpXns°m≈Wsa∂pw, C\n amkapd sX‰nbm¬ DS≥ {]Xnhn[n
sN-øW
- sa∂psa√mw t_m[hXvIcn-°p∂-h¿ s]Æns\ AXn\oNambn
NqjWw sNøp∂Xns‚ Icf-enbn-∏n-°p∂ {IqcapJßsfbmWv ImWn®p-Xc
- p-∂Xv. s]ÆpSens\ ]camh[n ]ngn™v
am-¿°
- ‰
- ns\ kv\nKvZam°m≥ t\mºp-t\m-‰n-cn°p∂h¿°v Ahƒ am\yamb h-kv{X-[mcWØnte°v A`bw ]p¬Ip-∂Xns\ ]camh[n XSbntS≠Xp≠v. AXn\m¬ apkvenw s]Æns‚ Aaqeyamb, ]cn]m-h\amb ]cnc£sb kZm XmdSn-t°≠-Xp≠v. AXn\m¬Øs∂ td∏v ss{Ikn-kv C√mXm°m\p≈ ]ca{]-[m-\-a-mb-, Cu]mh\amb {U vtImUv Ah¿°v Hcp ImeØpw Zln°mdpan√.
kXyk‘amb IgvN∏mSpw \oXn-bp‡-amb {]Xnhn[nbpw
hy`nNmcsa∂ alm]m]Ønte°v
F-Øn°s∏Sp∂ ImcWßfn¬ ]e-t∏mgp-w kv{XobpsS `mKØp \n∂p≈ kuµcy-{]Z¿i\ßfpw {]tem`\ßfpw ir-wKm-ctN„Ifpw {][m\ ]¶p-hl-n°
- p-∂ps≠-∂XmWv t\cv. dnt∏m¿´v sNøs∏-Sp∂ AkwJyw _em¬kwKßfpsSbpw
]o-Un∏n®p sIm√epIfpsSbpw F√mw
]n-∂mºpdßfn¬ Cu \·kXyw \n-esIm-≈p∂ps≠¶nepw ]et∏mgpw A\mhc-Ww sNøs∏Smdn√. {]amZamb Z-¬l-n kw`hØnepw AkabØv A\y]p-cpj\pambn CdßnØncn®p F∂Xv
B-¿°pw \ntj[n°m\mhn√. AØ-csam-cp L´Øn¬ s]Æn\p t\cnt´-°mhp-∂ Zpc¥amWv a\pjy∏nimNp-°-fneq-sS ActßdnbXv. GXm\pw h¿j߃-°∏
- pdw PmXnaXØns‚ AXn¿-hc-ºpI-fn√msX Cßns\ kXyk‘ambn
hnebncpØp∂ Nn¥mti-jn-bp≈hc-ps
- S
Hcp kaqlw Xs∂ \nehnep≠m-bn-cp∂-p. C∂mIs´ ]cnjvImcØns‚bpw
Ãm‰kns‚bpw tkmj-y-em-Ip-∂-Xn-s‚b-pw F√mw t]cn¬ CØcw B¨ s]¨
kulrZßfpw kzImcy HØpIqSp-ep-Ifp-sa√mw icnhXv°cn°s∏´ncn°p∂p.
]-Øpan\n‰v sIm≠v R߃°v K¿`ap≠m-°m\mIpsa∂pw AXv \n߃°v {]khn-°Wsa¶n¬ ]Øpam-ksaSp-t°≠-- n hcpsas∂√map≈ s]mXp {]-kv-Xmh-\-Iƒ kv{XokaqlsØ A`nap-Jo-I-

]c]pcpj\pambp≈ GXp hn[ kº¿°ßfpw Pohimkv{X]cambn s]-Æn-t\¬-]n°p∂ £X߃ Iq-SpX¬ KpcpXcambncn°pw.
]ckv{XoKa\w ]pcpjs\
kw_‘n®nStØmfw A-\phZ\oba√mØ ta®n-¬∏p-dßfneqsSbp≈ sskz-c-hnlmcamWv. bYm¿YØn¬
i‡amb Ahs‚ k≥-am¿Kn-I t_m[amWv Ahs\
Iq®phneßn´p \ndpØp∂Xv.

2013 G{]n¬

13

cn-®v \SØp∂Xv A{X am\yas√¶nepw s]-Æns‚ a\ n¬ BgØn¬ thcqt∂≠ bmYm-¿Yyam-WXv. ]c]pcpj\pambp≈ GXp hn[ kº¿-°ßfpw Pohimkv{X]cambn s]Æn-t\-¬-]n°p-∂ £X߃ IqSpX¬ KpcpXcambncn°pw.
]ckv{XoKa\w ]pcpjs\ kw_‘n®nStØmfw
A\phZ\oba√mØ ta®n¬∏pdßfneqsSbp≈
sskz-chnlmcamWv. bYm¿YØn¬ i‡amb
Ahs‚ k≥am¿KnI t_m[amWv Ahs\ Iq®p-hneßn´p \ndpØp∂Xv. kv{Xosbbpw ]pc-pj-s\bpw Hcpt]mse th´bmSp∂ amcI ssewKn-ItcmK߃ hgnhn´ ssewKnI PohnXw \bn-°p∂h¿°nSbn¬ \nch[n Bhn¿`mhw sNbv-Xp Ign™n´ps≠¶nepw am\knIhpw im-cocn-Ihpamb ]cn°pIƒ s]Æn\mWv Xm-ßm-\mIm-Ø hÆw Cu cwKØv A`napJoIcnt°≠n
h-cp∂Xv. {]amZamb kv{Xo]oU\t°kpIfnse
C-cIƒ \oXn In´msX Aebp∂Xpw kaq-lØ
- ns-‚ IÆn¬ ]ng®hsf∂ te_¬ Hcp Im-eØpw
amdnt∏mImsX ÿm]n°s∏Sp∂Xpw Xp-S¿
- °
- Y
- bm-bns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv. \oNhrØnIfn¬ H∂m-asØXmb hy`nNmchpw AXn-t\m-S\
- p-_‘
- am-b ImatIfnIfpsa√mw BWv C∂v kaq-lØn-¬ N¿®mhnj-bambns°m≠ncn°p∂Xv. Ckvem-anI `cWm[nImcnbpsS apºn¬ Xm≥ Hcp
A-\ykv{Xosb Npw_n®pt]mb ]mXIw kqNn∏n-®ph∂ hy‡ntbmSv F¥n\mWv AXv ]cky-s∏SpØnbXv, X\n°pw Xs‚ d∫-n-\p-an-S-bnep-≈ clkyambncp∂nt√ AXv F∂mbncp∂p
a-lm\mb Da¿ {]XnIcn®Xv. C∂v hnhn[ ÿe-ßfn¬ hyXykvX cqt]W ssewKnIambn Itø-‰w sNbvXXns‚sb√mw hniZmwißfmWv aoUn-bIfneqsS \n¿e÷w {]Ncn-∏n-®p-sI-m-≠n-cn°p-∂Xv. CXv tIƒhn°mc\nepw Igv-N°-m-c-\n-

ep-w B \oN hrØnbnte°v Nmbv-hp≠m-°p∂ \nIr„amb ]m]amWv. ""Xo¿-®bmbpw kXyhnizmkn-Iƒ-°n-Sbn-¬
Zp¿-hrØn {]Ncn°p∂Xv C„s∏-Sp-∂h-cmtcm Ah¿°mWv ClØnepw ]-cØn-epw thZ\tbdnb in£bp≈Xv. A√m-lp Adnbp∂p \n߃ Adnbp∂n√.''
(k-qd: A∂q¿ 19)
kaql a\xkm£nbpsS kZvhn-Nmc-sØ XI¿Øp Xcn∏Wam°p∂ AXy-¥w hn\miIcamb Cu ]cnXÿnXn
F- √ m AXncpIfpw t`Zn®ncn°p∂p.
hy`nNmcØnte°v ASpØpt]m-Im\n-Sb-p≈ bmsXm∂nte°pw kao]n®pt]mIc-psX∂mWv d∫v AcpƒsNbvXn´p≈Xv.
""\n߃ hy`nNmcsØ kao]n-®pt]-m-Icp-Xv. Xo¿®bmbpw AXv Hcp \oNhr-Ønbp-w Zpjn® am¿Khpw BIp∂p.'' (kqdØv- A¬ CkvdBAv 32)
hy`nNmcØnte°v ASp∏n°p∂ kI-e sIm≈cpXmbvaIƒ°pw kaqlw C∂-v ]®s°mSn ImWn®pIgn™p. A-cpXm-Ø t\m´hpw kv]¿ihpw, sIm©epw
irwKmctNjvSIfpw Zzbm¿Y {]tb-mK
- ß
- fp-sa√mw AwKoIcn°s∏´p Ign-™n-cn°p-IbmWv. AXns\Xnsc i_vZn®m¬
A-Xv ImSØhpw kwkvImciq\y-hp-amsW-∂v hcpØnØo¿Øp Ign™n´p≠v.
Cu cwKØv iIvXamb ]cn[nIfpw \nb{¥-Wßfpw G¿∏SpØnb {]]©\mY\n-¶¬ \n∂p≈ Htcsbmcp kXy ktµ-iamWv Ckvemw. AhnlnXamb t\m´-hpw kv]¿ihpw \SØhpw ]nSp-Ø-hp-

AhnlnX thgvN \S∂m¬
]-et∏mgpw AXn¬ P≥aw
sIm-≈p∂ Ip™pw Nn-et∏m-ƒ B Ip™ns\ K¿`w
[-cn®hfpsa√mw sIme- sNø-s∏SmdmWp≈Xv. K¿-`[
- m-cWw \S∂n´ns√¶nepw A-hnlnX thgvN \S∂m¬ {]m-]n® s]Ænt\mSp≈ Km-V-amb A‰m®v s a‚ v DS\Sn
\nKqVamb HcpXcw Un‰m®vsa‚ nte°v ]cnW-an-°p∂p F∂Xpw a\xim-kv{X-]cambn ÿncoIcn-°s∏-´XmWv.

2013 G{]n¬

14

sa-√mw hy`nNmcØnte°p≈ BZy ]SnI-fm-bmWv {]hmNI≥ ]Tn∏n®Xv. Aßns\ A-\-¿l--ambn B s]Æns\ As√¶n¬ BWns\ lrZ-bw B{Kln°p∂tXmSpIqSn Ahs‚ As√¶n-¬ AhfpsS lrZbhpw hy`nNmc ]m]Øn¬
]-s¶SpØp Ign™p. Ahkm\w Xs‚ ssewKn-Imhbhw sIm≠v Cu sImSnb ]mXIw kXy-s∏SpØpItbm Ifhm°pItbm BWv k-w-`hn-°p∂Xv. Cu coXnbnep≈ L´wL´ambp≈
]-m]Øns‚ HmlcnIfneqsSbmWv Cu a-lm-]m]w \SamSp∂Xv. Cu amcI tcmKmWp t]-dp-∂h-s‚ a\ n\IØv tæ—amb A`nemj߃ DS-seSp°m\nSbp≈Xn\m¬ s]Ænt\mSv Xs‚
kz-cw am\yambncn°Wsa∂v {]]©\mY≥ A\p-imkn®ncn°pIbmWv. CsX√mw kqdx A-lvkm-_n¬ {]hmNI ]Xv\namsc A`napJo-Icn®p-sIm≠mWv {]kvXmhn®n´p≈sX∂Xv Gsd
{i-t≤bamWv. ""\n߃ [¿a\njvS ]men-°p-∂psh-¶n¬ \n߃ A\ytcmSv A\p\bkzcØn¬
kw-kmcn°cpXv. At∏mƒ lrZbØn¬ tcmK-ap≈-h\v tamlw tXm∂ntb°mw. \ymbamb hm°v
\n-߃ ]d™psIm≈pI.'' (kqdx A¬Alvkm-_v 32)
Xs‚ CwKnXØn\v hfs®Sp°phm≥ ]m-IØn-e-p≈hfmWv Chsf∂ hywKyamb kqN\
]-et∏mgpw ]pcpj\v s]Æns‚ kwkmcØn¬
\n-∂v e`n°pIbpw Aßns\ ]e an vtIm-fp-If-pw Xncn®p hnfn®Xn¬\n∂v XpSßn AXv Fs∂t∂-°pw `qapJØv \n∂v an vUv Bbn-t∏m-b-Xnte-s°Ønb F{Xsb{X kw`hßfmWv FÆn
\nc-Øm\p≈Xv! AhnlnXamb _‘-ßt-fm-sSm∏-w sImebpw \StØ≠n hcpsa∂Xnte°pw
kq-N\ Izp¿B≥ \¬Ip∂Xmbn ImWmw. hy`nNm-csØbpw DSs\ sImetbbpw Izp¿B≥ tN¿-Øp ]cma¿in°p∂p≠v. AhnlnX thgvN \S-∂m¬ ]et∏mgpw AXn¬ P≥aw sIm≈p∂
Ip-™pw Nnet∏mƒ Ip™ns\ K¿`w [cn®-hfpsa-√mw sImesNøs∏SmdmWp≈Xv. K¿`[mcWw
\-S∂n´ns√¶nepw AhnlnX thgvN \S∂m¬
{]m-]n® s]Ænt\mSp≈ KmVamb A‰m®vsa‚ v
DS\Sn \nKqVamb HcpXcw Un‰m®vsa‚nte°v
X-eXncnbp∂p F∂Xpw a\ximkv{X]cambn
ÿn-coIcn°s∏´XmWv. \nhrØnbn√msXbmIptº-mgmWv ]pcpj≥ ]n∂oSv Ahsf Pohn-X-kJn-bm°p∂Xv. AhnsSbpw ]gIn∏pfn®Xns\
]d-ns®dnbm\mIpw a\ v sImXn°p∂Xv. am-\km-¥cßfnse \nKqVXIƒ kphyIvXambn Adnbp∂ d∫v \njvI¿jn® A[ym]\߃ F{X
am-kvacnIamsWt∂m¿Øv kmjvSmwKw {]W-an°m-Xncn°m≥ bYm¿Y PvRm\n°v BIptam?
H-cn°epan√. ImcWw krjvSn®p≠m°nbh≥

(F√mw) AdnbpIbnt√? ""Ah≥ \nKqV
cl-ky߃ Adnbp∂h\pw kq£v-aP-vR-m\nbpamIp∂p.'' (kqdx ap¬Iv 14)
kuµcy{]Z¿i\hpambn DucpNp-‰p∂- Pmlnenøm k{ºZmbw kXy-hn-iz-mkn-\nIƒ°v ]mSn√mØXmsW∂v hnip≤- Izp¿B≥ A\pimkn°p∂Xmbn ImW-mw. hnhml _‘w \njn≤amb Hcp
Iq-´n√msX AkabØv Cdßn \S∏v
]Xn-hm°nbhcmWv ]et∏mgpw kv{Xo
]o-U\ßfn¬ A]arXyp hcn-®s
- X-t∂m¿-°pI. Cu temIØv G‰hpw sshinjvS- ytadnbXv kzmenlØmb s]Æm-sW∂cp-ƒsNbvX {]hmNI≥  kpK‘w
hm-cn∏qin ]c]pcpj≥amsc BI¿-jn∏n-®v Nm™pw sNcn™pw H´IØns‚
]q™t]mse apSn Db¿Øns°´n Ducp
N-p‰p∂hsc hy`nNmcnWnIsf∂pw i-]n°-s∏-´h¿ F∂psa√mw Bt£-]n-®n-´p≠-v. \Kv\X shfnhm°n®v kz¿KØn¬
\n∂v ]pdØm°nb ]nimNv \Kv\X ImWn-∏n®v kz¿K{]thi\w Akm-[yam°p-∂ ]Wn XpS¿∂psImt≠bncn-°p-Ibm-Wv. t\csØ {]hmNI≥  Acpƒ
sN-bvX lZoYn¬ AØc°m¿°v F{Xtb-m ImXßtfmfw hoinbSn°p∂ kz¿K-Øns‚ ]cnafw t]mepw e`yas√∂v
Xm-°oXp \¬Inbn´p≠v.
A]NbØns‚ ASnthcpIƒ
C∂sØ Zriy {imhy aoUnbIƒ
kv-{XoIsf ssewKnIZmlw Xo¿-°m-\p≈- D]IcWw F∂ \ne°mWv Nn{XoIcn-°p∂sX∂v hnkvXcnt°≠Xn√. ]c-ky-hn]Wnbpw kn\nabpw kocnb-epsa-∂v th≠, Im¿´qWpIfneS°w ssewKn-IXrjvW s]cp∏n°p∂ coXnbnemWv
kv{Xosb {]XnjvTn°p∂Xv. NpacpIfpw
a-XnepIfpw \Kv\ta\n {]Z¿i\Øm¬
aeoakam°s∏Sp∂Xn\v bmsXmcphn[
\nb{¥Wßfpan√. Ckvemw \n›bn®
k-Ie adIfpw t`Zn°s∏´p. IpSpw_mw-Kßsf√mw tN¿∂v CØcw A«oe cwK-߃ H∂n®ncp∂v BkzZn°ptºmƒ
Hcp-an®ncp∂v InS∏d cwK߃ ImWmsa-¶n¬ Aßns\ ImWp∂h¿°v Hcpan-®v InS∏d ]¶psh°s∏Sp∂Xn¬ F¥m-sW∂v Bsc¶nepw Nn¥n®p-t]m-bXv C{X henb A]cm[am-°m-\p-t-≠m-?CsXmcp `oIcamb BXvaKXamWv. ]nXm-hpw ]p{Xnbpw amXmhpw ]p{X\pw ktl-mZco ktlmZcßfpw a‰p IpSpw_mw-

s]Æns‚ kpc£°v I-cms´ ]Tn°m\pw ªm°v s_¬-‰-v t\Sm\pw s]∏¿ kvt{]
{]-tbm-Kn°m\pw tjm-°S-n∏n-°p∂ hm®v [cn°m\pw
]o-Un∏n°m≥ hcp∂hs\
sam-ss_¬ Imadbn¬ ]I¿-Øm-\psa√mw BWv t_m[-hX
- vI
- c- n°p∂Xv. t_m[-hXv-IcW-Øn-se t_m[an√mbvaIƒ Cu cwKØv km¿h{XnI-am-hpIbpw Aßns\
kv{Xo-Iƒ
- °v t\scbp≈ Itø‰-߃
- °
- v Iøpw I-W°pan√m-Xm-hp-Ibpw sNbvXp
F∂XmWv ]-c-am¿Yw.

2013 G{]n¬

15

K-ß-fpsa√mw tN¿∂v BWpw s]Æpw CgpInt®-cp∂Xpw sI´nadnbp∂Xpw I≠mkzZn®p Ignb
- p∂tXmSpIqSn Ah¿°nSbnse ]mh\amb _‘-Øns‚ `nØnIƒ°v A]cnlmcyamb hn≈ep-Ifp≠mhpIbmbn. ]ns∂ ]nXmhn\v aIsf
Xn-cn®dnbmXmbn. ]p{X\v amXmhns\bpw. sewKn-I ÿnXnhnhc°W°pIfn¬ {][m\ambpw
{]-Xn∏´nIbn¬ A]cnNnXc√, ^manen sa-tºgv-kmWv IS∂phcp∂Xv F∂Xns‚ ImcWw CXm-W.v
ssewKnIhmRvNbp≠m°p∂ kIeXpw \nd-™m-Sp∂Xns\ k¿hmXva\m ]n¥pW°pIbpw
]ns∂ AXns‚ kzm`mhnI {]XymLmXamb kv{X-o ssewKnIambn Itø‰w sNøs∏-Sp∂Xn-s\Xncn-¬ apXe°Æoscmgp°pIbpw sNøp∂Xn¬
bm-sXmcp A¿Yhpan√. ]n©pIp™msW¶nepw
htbmhr≤bmsW¶nepw aµ_p≤nbmsW¶nepw
Ip-amcnbmsW¶nepw bphXnbmsW¶nepw a[yhb-kvIbmsW¶nepsa√mw k¿h{X ]oUn∏n-°s∏-Sp∂p F∂Xns‚ ImcWw IpSØn¬\n∂v Xpd-∂vhn´ ssewKnI`qXsØ Xncn®S°m\m-hm-ØXv sIm≠mWv. Fßns\ Xncn-®Sn°psa∂d-n-bms-X A¥n®p \n¬°p∂h¿ s]Æns‚ kpc-£°-v Icms´ ]Tn°m\pw ªm°v s_¬‰v t\Sm\pw
s]-∏¿ kvt{] {]tbmKn°m\pw tjm°-Sn-∏n°p∂
hm®v [cn°m\pw ]oUn∏n°m≥ hcp∂hs\ samss_-¬ Imadbn¬ ]I¿Øm\psa√mw BWv
t_m-[hXvIcn°p∂Xv. t_m[hXvIcWØnse
t_-m[an√mbvaIƒ Cu cwKØv km¿-h-{Xn-IamhpIbpw Aßns\ kv{XoIƒ°v t\scbp≈
I-tø‰ßƒ°v Iøpw IW°pan√mXmhpIbpw
sN-bvXp F∂XmWv ]cam¿Yw. Ahkm\w 2013
]n-d∂
- t∏mƒ \c≥ \mcnsb ISn®p Iodp∂ h¿jØn-te°v kzmKXw F∂ Ubdn°pdn∏psagpXn

angn®ncn°p∂hcpw \nch[n. kam-iz-mk- s a∂ t]cn¬ Fbv U v k ns\Xnsc
kn\n-asbSpØhsc√mw AYhm kn\nabn-se A`nt\Xm°fpw AWnb-d-{]-h-¿Ø-Icpsa√mw tN¿∂v ssewKnI tIfnbn-emSnØna¿°pIbmbncp∂p F∂Xpw
C-tXmSpIqSn tN¿Øphmbnt°≠XmWv.
Ckvemans‚ ]cn]mh\amb ]cnc£-tbIp∂ hkv{XsØ kn\naIfnse
\h-XcwKsat∂mWw AWnbn®v C‚-¿Imk
- v‰v amtcyPns\ s]men∏n°p∂ ]e Ak-≥am¿KnIXIfpw Znt\-\sb-t∂m-W-w]pdØndßns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv .
ImapI\pw ImapInbpw hy`nNmc-Øn-tes°-Øp∂ kIe IqSn°pgbepIfpw \S-Øn Ahkm\w ImapI KrlØn¬ \a-kvImc∏Sw CSms\mcp CSw aXnsb∂v
]d™v H∂mIp∂ ImgvNIƒ \yq P-\td-js‚ Bthiambncn°p∂p, Bthi-am°nbncn°p∂p!! Xo¿®bmbpw i-cnbm-b a\x m∂n[ytØmsSbp≈ \a-k-v
Im-cw CØcw hgnhn´ A[m¿anI {]-hrØ
- n-If
- n¬\n∂v XSbpsa∂p≈XmWv Ckv-emans‚ ImgvN∏mSv. hy`nNmc-Øn-te°Sp-∏n°p∂ kIeXn\pw t{]c-Wt- bIn
B tcmKmWp°sf kaqlKm{X-Øn-te°-v k∂nthin∏n°p∂tXmSpIqSn A-Xns‚- {]Xn^e\߃ kaqlØn¬ hym]n--®psImt≠bncn°pw. amcIamb tcm-KmW-p icocØn¬ Ibdn°gn™m¬ A¬]-Znhk߃°p≈n¬ tcmKe-£W߃ {]ISn∏n®psIm≠ncn°pIbpw AXv
b-Ymhn[n NnIn¬kn°s∏´ns√¶n¬ ico-camkIew tcmKmXpcamIpIbpw sNøp-sa∂Xv AhnX¿°nXamWv. kv{Xo-Iƒ-s°Xnscbp≈ AXn{Ia߃ k¿hhy-m]nbmbXn\p ]n∂n¬ AXnte-s°Øp-∂ kIeØns\bpw s{]mtam´v sNø-s∏SpIbpw B AcpXmbvaIsf th≠-hn[w {]Xntcm[n°s∏SpIbpw sNøp-∂n√ F∂ hmkvXhamWv apg®p \n¬-°p∂Xv. kz¥w ]nXmhns‚bpw ktlm-Zcs‚bpw AcnIn¬ kv{Xo kpc-£nX-b√ F∂Xt√ {]amZamb ]e kv{Xo]-oU\t°kpItf°mƒ \sΩ hy-m-Ipe-s∏SptØ≠Xv? s\m¥p {]khn® K¿-`]m{Xw t]mepw kz¥w s]¨Ip™ns\ hn‰pImim°p∂psh∂p hcptºmƒ
A-sX¥pam{Xw Zpc¥amWv? Gh¿°pw
A-`bw {]]©\mYs‚ ]cnip≤amb
{]-IrXnaXØWen¬ HØptNcpI F-

∂-Xp am{XamWv. ""F∂m¬ A√mlphmWv \-√h-Æw ImØpkq£n°p∂h≥. Ah≥ IcpWbp-≈hcn¬ G‰hpw ImcpWnI\mIp∂p.'' (kqd-Øv bqkp^v 64)

thiymhrØn°v \n-b-am-\pkr-Xamb AwKoImcw \-¬In°gn™m¬ kv{Xo-]o-U\߃°v AdpXn-bm-hp-sa∂v ]peºm≥ A]mc N¿aku-`mKyw Xs∂ thWw! \nba]cambn sdUvkv{So‰v D≈ \ΩpsS sat{Sm-s]m-fn-‰≥ \Kcßfn¬ kv{XobpsS
\ne F¥pam{Xw ]cnXm-]I
- camsW∂ efnXamb kXyw
hº≥ _p≤nPohn \mSy-°m¿-°dnbmsX t]mbn-cn-°p∂p.

2013 G{]n¬

16

d∫v kp_vlm\lp hXBebpsS ZnhyImcp-Wy-Øns‚ DØa\nZ¿i\amWv Cu h{I-Xbn√m-Ø kXykcWn AhXcn∏n®p F∂p≈Xv.
""B-Ibm¬ (kXyØn¬) t\sc \ne sIm≈p∂-h\mbn´v \ns‚ apJsØ \o aXØnte°v
Xn-cn®p \n¿ØpI. A√mlp a\pjysc GsXmcp {]IrXnbn¬ kr„n®ncn°p∂pthm B {]IrXn-bs{X AXv. A√mlphns‚ kr„nhyhÿ°v
bm-sXmcp am‰hpan√. AXs{X h{IXbn√mØ
a-Xw. ]s£, a\pjycn¬ A[nIt]cpw a\ nem-°p∂n√.'' (kqdØv A¿dqw 30)
kaXzw C∂v kv{Xo]oU\{]Xn∏´nIbn¬
B-Wv {][m\ambpw \ΩpsS \m´n¬ t\Sn-°-gn™n-´p≈Xv. ]Wn°mc\pw, ]W°mc\pw, A`ykv-XhnZycpw, D∂X DtZymKÿ≥amcpw, XmsgØ-´nep≈hcpsa√mw {]Xn∏´nIbn¬ \nc∂p-\n¬-∏p≠v. kv{XobpsS thjw kmcnbnte°p hcptºm-ƒ AtXsd amZIXzw Xpfpºp∂XmsW∂v
]-e-cpw hnfn®p ]d™p Ign™p. ]ecpw ]¿-Z°p-th≠n apdhnfn Iq´p∂p≠v. sF‰w Um≥-kpI-fpw DSenf°n Dd™pXp≈epw \ntcm[n-°W-sa∂v Bhiyw Db¿∂n´p≠v. InS∏dbn¬ ]pI-bp∂ ssewKnI AkwXr]vXnbpw CtΩmd¬
^n-enapIfpsS amcIamb hym]\hpw F√mw Gh-scbpw {]mbt`Zat\y ssewKnI Ip‰Ir-Xy-ßfn-te°v Iq∏pIpØn°p∂XmbmWv hnhcw. Chn-sS Ip‰IrXy߃°p≈ k¿h hmXbm-\-ßf-pw Xpd∂n´v tLmcamb in£m\S]Sn°p th≠n
ap-dhnfn Iq´p∂Xv Xo¿Øpw \nc¿YIamWv. Ip‰-IrXyßfnte°p≈ hmXmb\߃ sIm´nbS®v

tijw AXni‡amb in£mapdIƒ
kzo-Icn°Wsa∂XmWv Ckvemans‚ \b-w. A√msX ]n©p_me≥ apX¬ ]Sphr-≤≥ hscbp≈hcnse√mw ssew-KnI-hn-Imcw D±o]n∏n°p∂ ImgvNIƒ IpØn-sh®v Ah¿ ssewKnI Itø‰ßƒ
\-SØ
- ptºmƒ amcIin£ hn[n°p∂pXv
\oXnbp‡a√. ]m›mXy\mSpIfn¬, hnti-jn®pw Atacn° t]mep≈nSßfn¬
54% CØcw Ip‰IrXy߃ dnt∏m¿´v sNø-s∏SmsX t]mIp∂psh∂pw 97% td-∏nÃp-Ifpw Hcp Znhkw t]mepw Imc-m-Krl-ØneS°s∏SmsX t]mIp∂psh∂pw
h-cptºmƒ FhnsSbmWv \oXnbpw \nb-ahpw kmaqlnIkpc£bpw? Ip‰I-rXy-߃°v bYmhn[n in£hn-[n-°p-∂Xn--emWv kaqlØns‚ Poh≥ F∂-XmW-v Ckvemw DZvtLmjn°p∂Xv. ""_p≤n-am-≥amtc, (Aßs\) Xpeyin£ \¬--I p- ∂ XnemWv \nßfpsS Poh- n -X Øns‚ \n-e-\n¬]v. \n߃ kq£vaX
]men-°p-∂Xn-\pth≠nbs{X CXv (\nb-a\
- n¿tZi߃.)'' (kqdØv A-¬_
- -Jd- 179)
Ckvemans‚ am{Xw s]Æv
Cu Zp\nbmhn¬ ]pcpjs‚ G‰hpw
hneaXn°m\mImØ kzØmWv kv{Xo.
BZw \_n \v kz¿KobmcmaØnse
G-Im¥Xbn¬ A√mlp I\n™cpfnb
hcZm\w. Ahƒ°v Cu Zp\nbmhnse
k-Ie ]cn°pIfn¬ \n∂pw c£-tb-Ip∂
- lnPm_v Ahƒ°v IØnbmfp∂ tcma-Iq]ßfnte°v Bgv∂ndßp∂ \c-Im·n-bn¬ \n∂pw adbmIpsa∂Xv Xo-¿-®bm-Wv. BXy¥nIambn B \cIm-·nbn-¬ \n∂mWt√m kIe¿°pw ]cnc£-bp≠mtI≠Xv? B lnPm_ns‚ Iogn-¬ k¿hmfl\m A`bw ]p¬Ip∂h¿
"F-√mw ImWn°p∂Xn¬ \n∂v F√mw
a-d°p∂Xnte°v' (From show it all to hide
it all) F∂Xns\ A\z¿Yam°n ]m-›mX-y ]uckvXytZißfn¬ Zn\w{]Xn h¿[n-®p hcnIbmWv. kz¥w C-Wbp-samØp-≈ kzImcyamb aq∂v kµ¿`߃
Xs‚ a°ƒ t]mepw Adnbm-Xnc-n-°-Wsa-∂v hcptºmƒ ]ns∂ Ah¿ A\ys‚
In-S∏d cwKßfnte°v angnIƒ ]mbn°n-√. kv{XobpsS Aaqeyamb ]Zhn-bmWv CØcpWØn¬ Ckveman\v ap-t∂m´p sh°m\p≈Xv. Aaqeyamb, A\-¿Lam-b B sFU‚n‰nbmWv {]t_m[\w

Xs‚ CwKnXØn\v hf-s®Sp°phm≥ ]mIØn-ep-≈h
- fmWv Chsf∂ hywKyamb
kq-N-\ ]et∏mgpw ]p-cp-j\v s]-Æn-s‚ kwkmcØn¬
\n∂v e-`n-°pIbpw an- vt- ImfpIfn¬-\n∂v Xp-S-ßn `qapJØv \n-∂v Xs∂ F-s∂t∂°pambn an vUv B-bnt∏mhp- I - b pw sNbv X F{Xsb{X kw`h- ß - f mWv
]{Xßfn-eq-sS \mw hmbn-®dn™Xv.

2013 G{]n¬

sN-øs∏tS≠Xv. {]hmNI≥ bpsS \ntbm-KtØ-ms
- S Ipgn®paqSs∏Sp∂ AkvXnXzsØ kz¿Ko-b e_v[n°v ImcW-am-°s∏-Sp-Ibm-Wp-≠m- b
- sX-∂v {]tLmjn°pIbmWv th≠Xv. imkv{- Xobambn s]ÆpSens‚ ImgvNbn¬ Xs∂ ]pcpj≥
ssew-KnIambn DtØPn∏n°s∏Spsa∂pw kv{Xo°-mIs´ kzImcyXbpw kv]¿i\hpsa√mamWv
CØcpWØn¬ A\nhmcyamIp∂sX∂pamWv
{]-Jym]n°s∏tS≠Xv. AX√msX Ckvemans‚
kv{- XoIƒ°p≈ {U vtImUv BWv kpc£-°p≈- t]mwhgn F∂p≈ tIheamb A`n{]mb
{]-IS\ßf√ ImeL´w Bhiys∏Sp∂Xv. Imcy-ImcW_‘Øns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ i-m-kv{Xo-bambn {k„mhns‚ hn[nhne°pIsf ÿm]n-®p sImSp°Ww. s]Æv AhfpsS hy‡n-XzØn-s‚ ]q¿W{]Imi\amb amXr-Xz-Øn-te-s°Øp-∂tXmsS BWns\t∏mse sI´nsb-gp-∂≈
- W-w s]sÆ∂v ]dbp∂ B[p\nIXbpsS h‡m-°ƒ°pw s^an\nÃpIƒ°pw i‡amb
{]l-ctaIpIbmWv. ImcWw, Bsc-t∏m-se-bmI-Wsa∂v iTn°p∂pthm B ]pcpj\v aq∂nc´n
I-S∏mSp≈ amXmsh∂ s]Æv Ahft∏mƒ BI-pIbmWv. AXmWv Ckvemans‚ am{Xw s]Æv.
]mh\amb ]cnlmcw
F√m AXn{Iaßfpw XSbnSp∂ \n-ba-\n-¿tZ-ißfmWv Ckvemw apt∂m´psh®n´p≈Xv. Xn≥-aIƒ kw`hyamtb°mhp∂ kmlNcyßsf

17

Ckvemans‚ ]cn]mh\amb ]cnc£tbIp∂ hkv{XsØ kn\naIfnse
\hXcwKsat∂mWw AWnbn®v C‚¿Imkv‰v amtcyPns\ s]men∏n°p∂ ]e
Ak≥am¿KnIXIfpw Znt\\sbt∂mWw ]pdØndßns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv.
ImapI\pw ImapInbpw hy`nNmcØntes°Øp∂ kIe IqSn°pgbepIfpw
\SØn Ahkm\w ImapIKrlØn¬ \akvImc∏Sw CSms\mcp CSw aXnsb∂v
]d™v H∂mIp∂ ImgvNIƒ \yq P\tdjs‚ Bthiambncn°p∂p, B-th-iam-°nbncn°p∂p!
dn-bmen‰n tjmIfnsebpw XpWnbp-cn-™m-Sp-∂h-¿ \ymboIcn°mdp≈Xv t]m-se
- "ssa t_mUn
ssa Hm¨ t{]m-∏¿-´n-'- (- my body is my own property)-b√t√m? A-ßn-s\bmsW¶n¬ AXn\v tcmKß-fpw Pcm\cIfpw H∂pw _m[n°m≥ \mw A\-p-hZn°pIbn√t√m? AsX√mw d∫n-s‚ \nbX-amb hn[nhne°pIƒ-°\p-kc
- n®p Ncn®p-sImt≠-bncn°pIbmWv. d∫v Xs∂ \n›bn® Ah[-n {]m]n°pw h-sc am{Xw. ""kXyhnizmknItf,
]n-im-Nn-s‚ Im¬]mSpIsf \n߃ ]n≥-]‰-cpXv. h√h\pw ]nimNns‚ Im-¬]-m-Sp-I-ƒ ]n-≥-]‰p-∂]£w Xo¿®bmbpw Ah≥ (]n-im-Nv) I-¬]n-°p∂Xv \oNhrØnbpw ZpcmNchpw sN-øm\m-bncn°pw. \nßßfpsS ta¬ A√m-lp-hn-s‚
A-\p{Klhpw ImcpWyhpw C√mXn-cp-s∂-¶n-¬
\n-ßfn¬ Hcmfpw Hcn°epw ]cnip≤n {]m-]n°p-Ibn√mbncp∂p. ]s£, A√mlp Xm\p-t±in-°p∂h¿°v ]cnip≤n \¬Ip∂p. A√mlp
F-√mw tIƒ°p∂h\pw Adnbp∂h\pas{X.''
(kq-dx A∂q¿ 21)

kp-i‡ambn {]Xntcm[n°p∂XmWv Ckve
- m- anI A[ym]\߃. hy`n-Nm-cØn-s‚ hnjbØnepw B alm]m]w kw`-hn°Xncn°m\p≈ \nba\n¿tZi߃
FºmSpw Ckvemw apt∂m´p sh®Xm-bn°m-Wmw. AsX√mw {]hrØn]YØn¬
sI-m≠phcp∂h¿°v JpZvknbmb lZoYn-¬ A√mlp AkµnKv[ambn {]kvXm-hn® {]Imcw A√mlp hne°n-bXnte-°v t\m°m\pw tIƒ°m\pw ]nSn-°m\-pw \S°m\pw BImØ hn[w Ah≥/
A-hƒ tIƒ°p∂ ImXpw ImWp∂ IÆ-pw ]nSn°p∂ Iøpw \S°p∂ Imepsa-√mw d∫ns‚Xmbn amdnbncn°pw. AYh-m d∫v \ntcm[n®Xnte°v B`napJyw
C-√mØhcmbn Ah≥/Ahƒ ]cnh¿Øn-®psImt≠bncn°pw. As√¶nepw
\ΩpsS HmtcmcpØcpsSbpw icocw ]e

H-‰- {]-XnH-c-p- h¿-j-tØ-°vc-≠p- h¿-j-tØ-°v

˛
˛--˛--

15
180
360

P.B. No:1981, Vyttila, Cochin-682019, Tel: 0484 2301275, 04842301576, Fax: 04842301175

2013 G{]n¬

18

]utcmlnXyØns‚ shfpØ ]pI

IØn°p∂hcpw ImØncn°p∂hcpw

D-kv-am≥- ]m-e-°m-gnInkvXp-hn¬ hniz-kn-°p-Ib
- pw {InkvXp-hns‚ {]t_m-[\
- ß
- ƒ AwKo-Ic
- n-°bpw
sN-øp-∂h
- \
- mWv kmam-\ym¿Y-Øn¬ {InkvXym-\n. CØcw hy‡n-If
- psS kwLsØ
{InkvXym-\n-Iƒ F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. {InkvXym-\n-If
- psS hnizm-km-[n-jvTn-Xa
- mb Iq´mbvab
- mWv k`. k`-If
- psS t\XrXzw hln-°p-∂h
- ¿ ]ptcm-ln-X≥am-cmWv.- ]ptcmlnXt{iWn-bpsS LS\ ItØm-en-°-cnepw s{]m´-Âp-I-fnepw hn`n-∂-am-Wv. F∂m¬
]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øn-\pw k`-bn¬ t\Xr-Xz-]-c-amb Npa-X-e-Iƒ hln-°p-∂-Xn-\p-ap≈
Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏´ Nne hy‡n-Isf {]Xn-jvTn-°p∂ hnj-b-Øn¬ ItØm-en-°cpw s{]m´-Âp-Ifpw kam\ Nn¥m-K-Xn-°m¿ Xs∂-bm-Wv. k`-Iƒ hnizm-kn-I-fpambn t\cn´v CS-s]-SmsX ]ptcm-l-n-X-c-p-sS a[y-ÿX kzoI-cn-°p-Ibpw Ah-ew-_n°p-Ibpw sNøpI F∂Xv ss{IkvXh
- X
- sb kw_-‘n®v A\n-hm-cy-amb Hcp Imcyam-Wv. Npcp-°-Øn¬ ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øn¬ A[n-jvTn-X-a-√mØ Hcp {InkvXp-a-X-sa∂Xv ANn-¥y-am-Wv!- F∂m¬ ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øn-\pw k`-If
- psS B[n-]X
- y-Øn\pw D]-cn-bmbn hnizmk-]-c-amb kzmX-{¥y-hpw kzbw \ne-\n¬]pw hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v- Ah-Im-i-s∏-´Xpw
km[yhpw BsW∂ Nn¥m-KXn F°m-eØpw ss{IkvXhkaq-l-Øn¬ Gdnbpw
Ipd™p \ne-\n∂ph∂n-´p-≠v. k`-Iƒ kmaq-ly-ÿm-]-\-ßfpw A[n-Im-c-tI-{µß-fp-ambn hf-cp-Ib
- pw cmPm-[n-]X
- yw, Zpjv{]`p-Xzw, Nqj-Wi
- ‡
- n-Iƒ F∂n-hb
- psS
Xm¬]cy-߃ ap≥\n¿Øn-bp≈ {Iao-Ic
- W
- ß
- f
- n¬ ]ptcm-ln-X≥am-cpw ]u-tcm-lnXy-hpw D]-Ic
- W
- ß
- f
- m-bn-Øo-cp-Ibpw sNbvX L´-ßf
- n¬, k`-bpsS B[n-]X
- y- Ø
- n\pw
A-[n-Im-cØ
- n-\p-sa-Xn-cmb Nn¥m-KX
- n-Ifpw Bi-bß
- fpw ]c-ky-ambn ]d-bp-hm\pw
{]-Jym-]n-°p-hm-\p-ap≈ Ass[-cy-amWv ta¬]d™ Nn¥m-KX
- nsb \n»-_vZX
- b
- n¬
\n-e\
- n¿Øn-h∂
- X
- v. F∂n-cp-∂m¬ t]mepw ]e-L´- ß
- f
- n¬, ]e cq]-ßf
- n-embn ]utcm-ln-Xy-Øn-\pw ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ a[y-h¿Øn LS-\°pw kz`m-h-Øn-\p-sa-Xncm-b Bi-b-{]-Jym-]-\-ßfpw t]mcm-´-ßfpw ss{IkvXh Ncn-{X-Øn¬ kw`-hn-®pIm-Wmw.
2013 G{]n¬

19

ss__nƒ hn`m-h\w sNøp∂ {InkvXp-a-X-Øn¬ ]ptcm-ln-X≥am-cpw ]utcm-ln-Xy-hpw k`-Ifpw C√ F∂ Nn¥
ss__nƒ ]cn-⁄m-\a
- p≈ ss{IkvXh
hn-izm-kn-I-fpsS D≈n¬ F°m-eØpw
kPo-ha
- mbn \ne-\n-∂n-´p-s≠-¶n-epw, kaql-Øn¬ k`-Iƒ sNep-Øp∂ i-‡-amb kzm[o\-Øn¬\n∂v kzX-{¥-ambn kz¥w hnizm-kh
- p-ambn apt∂m´p t]mIm≥
km[n-°mØ kml-Nc
- y-ßf
- mWv ss{I-k-v
Xh hnizm-kn-Isf Ign™ \q‰m-≠p-Ifn-se√mw k`-If
- psS ASn-aØ
- Øn¬ Xf®n´ph∂-Xv.
k` F∂ LS\
k`-sb- \n¿h-Nn-°p-∂X
- n¬ ss{IkvXhtemIØv- F∂pw A`n-{]mb hyXym-k߃ \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂X
- m-bn-Im-Wmw. hnizmkn-I-fpsS kwLw F∂ \ne-bn¬ Hcp
Iq´m-ba
v b
- m-bmWv ss{IkvXh
- ¿ BZysØ
aq∂p \q‰m-≠p-I-fn¬ \ne-\n-∂-Xv. Cu
Iq´m-bvasb "k`'- F∂v- A°m-eØp hnti-jn-∏n-®n-cp-∂n-√. k` F∂ hnti-jW-w \memw \q‰m-≠n¬ \ne-hn¬h-∂,
tIm¨Ã‚-bn≥ N{I-h¿Øn-bp-sSbpw ]ptcm-ln-X≥am-cp-sbSpw Iq´m-ba
v sb kw_‘n-®mWv ss{IkvXh Ncn-{X-Øn¬ BZyambn D]-tbm-Kn-°-s∏´Xv.- F∂m¬ {InkvXp-hn¬ hniz-kn-°p-∂h
- c
- psS BZy-Ime Iq´m-bva-I-sf-°p-dn®pw k` F∂p hnti-jn-∏n-°p∂ ioew B[p-\nI ImeL-´-Ønse ss{IkvXh Nn¥-I-≥-am-¿°pw Fgp-Øp-Im¿°pap-≠v. kmt¶-Xn-I-

hnizm-kn-I-fpsS kwLw F∂ \ne-bn¬ Hcp Iq´m-bvabm-bmWv ss{IkvX-h¿ BZy-sØ aq∂p \q‰m-≠p-If- n¬
\-ne-\n-∂X
- v. Cu Iq´m-bvas- b
"k`'- F∂v- A°m-eØp hnti-jn-∏n-®n-cp-∂n-√. k` F-∂hnti-jWw \memw \q‰m-≠n¬ \ne-hn¬h-∂, tIm¨Ã‚-bn≥ N{I-h¿Øn-bp-sS-bpw
]ptcm- l n- X ≥am- c p-- sSb- p w
Iq´m-bvasb kw_-‘n-®m-Wv
ss{IkvXh Ncn-{X-Ø-n¬
BZy- a mbn D]- t bm- K n- ° s∏´Xv.

ambn Cu ioew \ymbo-Ic
- n-°s
- ∏-Sp-∂n-√. F-¥mWv k` F∂Xp kw_-‘n®p hy‡-amb \n¿hN-\ß
- ƒ Ign™ \q‰m-≠p-If
- n-se√mw ]m›mXy,]uc-kvXy-k-`-Iƒ \ne-\n¿Øn-h-∂n-´p≈ Iq´Øn¬ Fhn-sSbpw hnizm-kn-If
- psS Iq´m-ba
v s
- b∂
\n¿h-N\
- a
- √
- , adn®v ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-LS- \
- °p hnt[b-amb kwhn-[m-\-sa∂ \n¿h-N-\-amWv ImWp∂-Xv. tIm¨Ã‚-bn≥ N{I-h¿Ønbpw A°m-esØ ]ptcm-ln-X≥amcpw Dƒs∏-Sp∂ Iq´m-bvasb
BZysØ k`m-L-S-\-bmbn \nco-£n-°p-∂-XpwCu-bSnÿm\-Øn¬ Xs∂-bm-Wv.
A[n-Im-c-L-S-\-bn¬ A[n-jvTn-X-ambn Nen°p∂ kwhn-[m-\a
- mWv k`-Iƒ F∂p-≈X
- n-\m¬,
t{iWo-Ic
- W
- h
- pw, ]ZhnI-fn- se hyXym-khpw A\p-kc
- n®v ]ptcm-ln-X≥am¿ ]e-t]-cp-If
- n¬ Adnb-s∏-Sp-∂p. ItØm-en°m k`-bpsS ]u-tcm-lnXy- k`mkwhn-[m-\Ø
- n¬ G‰hpw ]c-aa
- mb A[nImcw Iøm-fp-∂Xv t]m∏m-Wv. t]m∏n\p Xmsg
hcp∂ ]ptcm-ln-X≥am¿°v \¬I-s∏´ A[n-Imc-߃ GXm≠v Hcp ]c-am-[n-Imc GIm-[n-]Xy
{]`p-Xz-Øn\p Iogn¬ hnhn[ {]hniyI-fn-sebpw
{]tZ-i-ß-fn-sebpw D]-Im-cy-I¿Øm-°ƒ°v
\¬I-s∏-Sp∂ `mKn-Ia
- mb A[n-Im-cß
- tfmSp InS]n-Sn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. Cu A[n-Im-c-ß-sfbpw AhIm-iß
- s
- fbpw ssZhn-Ia
- mbpw B[-ymXvanI-ambpw
hymJym-\n-°p-hm≥ ss__nƒ A\p-hZ- n-°p-∂n√
F∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-W,v ]u-tcm-lnXyw CØcw A[nIm-c- t{i-Wo-Ic
- W
- Ø
- n\v ss__nƒ _mly-amb
Bi-b-ßfpw \nb-a-ßfpw BhnjvI-cn-®-Xv. ]utcm-lnXyw kz¥-ambn BhnjvIcn® Cu XØz-ßfpw \nb-a-ßfpw k`sb `uXn-I-amb LS-\b-pw kz`m-h-hp-ap≈ kwhn-[m-\-am°n am‰n.ss__nƒ ]cm-a¿i-߃°pw Bi-b-߃°pw AXo-Xa- mbn, cmPm-[n-Im-cØ
- n-s‚bpw GIm[n-]X
- y-Øn-s‚bpw Xm¬]-cy-°m-cmb `c-Wm-[n-Imcn-Iƒ BhnjvI-cn® kzm¿Y-X-bn¬ A[n-jvTn-Xamb \nb-a-ß-sfbpw Bi-b-ß-sfbpw B{i-bn®-Xp-sIm-≠mWv k`-Isf `uXn-I-L-S-\-I-fmbn
ImtW-≠n-h-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ k`-sb-°p-dn®p {InkvXp \S-Øp∂ ]cm-a¿i-ßf
- pw ]t{Xm-kn-s\-°pdn-®p≈ hnti-j-W-hp-w "]t{Xm-km-Ip∂ ]md-apI-fn¬ Rm≥ Fs‚ k`sb ]Wn-Xp-b¿Øp-'-sa∂p≈ {InkvXp-hns‚ {]kvXm-h-\-bp-sa√mw ]utcm-ln-Xym-[n-jvTn-X-amb k`mLS-\°v- km[q-IcWw \¬Ip-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n ]n¬°meØp ISØn-°q-´n-bX
- m-bn-cn-°m-sa∂ A`n-{]mbw D-b¿-∂ph-∂n-´p- ≠
- v.- t]m∏p-amcpw ]ptcm-ln-X≥am-cp-sa√mw
X߃ ]t{Xm-kns‚ ]n≥Kman-If
- mWv F∂ AhIm-i-hmZw D∂-bn-®Xv {]kvXpX ]cm-a¿i-߃
FSp-Øp-Im-´n-bm-bn-cp∂p F∂-Xp-sIm-≠mWv CØc-samcp A`n-{]m-bØ
- n\v ]n≥_ew e`n-°p-∂X
- v.

2013 G{]n¬

20

k`-sb-°p-dn®v \ne-\n¬°p∂ ]utcm-ln-Xy-ho-£-W-Øn\p hncp-≤-amb
\nco-£W
- ß
- f
- n¬, tIm¨Ã‚-bn≥ N{Ih¿Øn-bpsS kzm[o\w D≠m-Ip- ∂
- X
- n-\pap-ºp≈ hnizm-kn-If
- psS Iq´m-ba
v sb k`
F∂p hnfn®n-cp-∂p.- At∏m-kX
v e
- ≥amcpw
hnizm-kn-Ifpw AS-ßp∂ hnizm-km-[njvTn-Xa
- mb Hcp-abpw Iq´m-ba
v b
- p-amWv Cu
ho£W{]Imcw k`. Cu k`-bn¬ A[n-Im-chpw ]Z-hn-hy-Xym-k-ß-fp-an-√. F∂m-¬ CØ-c-Øn¬ Hcp \n¿h-N\w k`°p \¬Ip-∂X
- n\v ]u-tcm-ln-Xym-[n-jT
v nX
k` FXn-cmWv F∂-XmWv kXyw. ]utcm-ln-Xy-Øn\v ta¬t°mbvabn-√mØ Bƒ°q´sØ k`-I-fmbn ImW-cpXv F∂
B[n- ] - X y- a - t \m- ` m- h - Ø n‚ XØ- z - i mkv{Xw ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ Xe-t®m-dn¬
Du´n-bp-d-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ tIm¨Ã‚-bn≥
N{I-h¿Øn apX¬°v F√m ss{IkvXh
A[n- I m- c - t I- { µ- ß fpw \n¿_- ‘ - h pw
{i≤bpw sN-ep--Øn- h∂
- n-´p-≠.v tIm¨-Â-bns‚ Im-ew- a
- p-X¬°v c≠mw hØn-°m≥ kp\-l-tZm-kn\p tij-ap≈ Ime-bf-hn¬ k`-sb-°-p-dn®v ]u-tcm-lnXy-_mly--amb ho-£-W-߃ ss{IkvXh temIØv \ne-\n-∂p-h-∂n-´p≠v F∂v Nne¿
hniz-kn-°p-Ib
- pw {]N-cn-∏n-°p-Ib
- pw sNbvX
- n-´p-≠v.k`bpw kp\ltZm-kp-Ifpw
aX-]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ B[n-Im-cnI
ktΩ-f-\-amWv kp\-l-tZmkv F∂-XpsIm-≠v A¿Y-am-°p-∂X
- v. ]mc-ºcy k`mho-£W
- {- ]-Imcw kp\-lt- Zm-kn¬ ]s¶Sp-t°-≠-h¿ ]ptcm-ln-X≥am-cpw `c-Wm[n-Im-cn-Ifpw am{X-am-Wv. km[m-cW hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v kp\-lt- Zm-kp-If
- n¬ ]¶mfnØw ]mSn√ F∂ \ne-]m-SmWv F-.U
- n.
325-˛¬ tIm¨Ã‚-bn≥ N{I-h¿Øn- hnfn-®p tN¿Ø \nJym -kp-\-l-tZmkv apX-¬°p \ne-\n∂ph∂n-´p≈ ho£Ww.F-∂m¬ k`-sb \
- n¿hNn-°p∂ Imcy-Øn-¬ F∂-t]mse kp\-l-tZm-knse ]¶mfn-ØØ
- ns‚ Imcy-Ønepw ]u-tcm-ln-Xyhn-cp≤ ho£-W-߃ \ne-\n¬°p-∂p≠v. F-.-Un. 325-˛se \nJym- kp-\-l-tZmkn-\p apºv \S∂ aq∂p At∏m-kvXenI
kp\-lt- Zm-kp-If
- n¬ hnizm-kn-Iƒ°p ]¶m-fn-Øa
- p-≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂pw, Cu ]¶mfn-Øw ]p\x-ÿm-]n-°pI F∂ e£yØ-n\v c≠mw hØn-°m≥ kp\ltZmkv
{]m[m\yw \¬In-bX
- n-eqsS \nJym k
- p\-

ss__nƒ ]cm- a ¿i-- ß
- - -ƒ°pw Bi-bß
- ƒ°pw AXoX-ambn, cmPm-[n-Im-c-Øn-s‚bpw GIm-[n-]X
- y-Øn-s‚bpw
Xm¬]-cy-°m-cmb `c-Wm-[nIm-cn-Iƒ BhnjvIc- n® kzm¿-Y-X-bn¬ A[n-jvTn-X-amb
\nb-a-ß-sfbpw Bi-b-ßsfbpw B{i-bn-®-Xp-sIm≠m-Wv k`-Isf `uXn-I-L-S\-I-fmbn ImtW-≠n-h-∂-Xv.

2013 G{]n¬

21

l-tZm-kn\p apºsØ ÿnXn- Xn-cn-®p-hc
- W
- s
- a∂
Xm¬]-cy-amWv {]I-Sn-∏n-°s
- ∏-´s
- X∂pw A`n-{]mb-ap≠v.k`-bpsS \n¿h-N-\w, kp\-l-tZm-kn-se- hnizmkn ]¶m-fn-Øw, tIm¨Ã‚-bn-s‚ \nb-{¥W-Øn-eqsS k`°pw kp\-l-tZm-kn\pw kw`hn® `uXnIh¬°-c-W-w F∂n-h-bn-te°v hn-c¬Nq-≠n-s°-m≠v {io. tPmk^v ]pen-°p-t∂¬
Fgp-Xp∂p: ""c-≠mw hØn-°m≥ Iu¨kn¬ k`sb-°p-dn®v \q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn \jvS-s∏-´n-cp∂ ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-amb Hcp ss__nƒ Z¿-i-\w B-hnjvI-cn-®p. "ssZh-Øns‚ P\w' F-∂ Un{In-bn¬
(c≠mw A[ym-bw) k`-sb
- °
- p-dn®v Cßs\ \n¿hNn-°p-∂p:- "A-hk
-- m-\-ambn Ch¿' Xnc-s™-Sp-°s∏´ hw-i-hpw cmP-Iob ]u-tcm-ln-Xyhpw hn-ip≤o-Ic
- n-°s
- ∏´ P\-]Z- h
- pw ssZhw X\n-°mbn t\Sn-sb-SpØ P\-Xbpw BZyw H-cp P\-X-b-√m-bncp-∂p F¶nepw Ct∏mƒ "ssZh-Øns‚ P\hpw'
(1 ]t{Xmkv 2:9˛10) Bbn-Øo¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p. Cu
A`n-jnIvX P-\-Øns‚ inc v {InkvXp-hm-Wv''(c≠mw hØn-°m≥ Iu¨kn¬ {]am-W-tc-J-Iƒ-, aq∂mw ]Xn∏v: t]Pv: 35-˛36 (Hmim-\ -am-kn-I,
200-4 Pq¨ e°w, t]Pv H∂v).-]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øn\p c≠mw ÿm\w I-¬]n°p-I-bpw P\-Øn\v- H∂mw ]cn-K-W\ \¬Ip-Ibpw sNøp∂p F∂-XmWv c-≠mw hØn-°m≥ Iu¨kn-ens‚ k-`m-\n¿h-N\
- Ø
- n¬ ImWp∂ khnti-jX
- .- CXv, tIm¨Ã‚-bn≥ BhnjvIc
- n® `uXnI kz`m-ht- ØmSp IqSnb k`m-\n-¿h
- N
- \
- Ø
- n\v
hncp-≤hpw ss__n-fn-t\mSv- ASpØp-\n¬°p-∂Xp-am-sW∂v ]ecpw hn-iz-kn-°p-I-bpw A`n-{]mb-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sN-øp-∂p. \q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn \jvSs∏-´n-cp-∂- ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-amb Hcp ss__nƒ Z¿-i\w F∂p {io tPmk^v ]pen-°p-t∂-¬ hntij-n-∏n-°p-∂-Xv, k`-I-fpsS-ss__nƒ Xm¬]-cym-

\p-kr-Xa
- p≈ \n¿h-N\-sØ-bm-Wv. A[nIm-c-hpw ]Z-hn-Iƒ- ]¶p-sh-°-epw ]utcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ kzm-¿Y
- - Xm¬]-cy-ßf
- ne-[n-jvTn-X-amb {]h-¿-Ø-\-ßfpw Hs°bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ k-`m-\n¿h-N\w BZyIm-eØp \ne-\n-∂n-cp--∂n-s√-∂pw, AXv]n¬°meØv- h∂p-tN-¿∂ _mly-ho-£W-amWv F∂pw tPm-k-^v ]pen-°p-t∂en-s\-t∏mse ]ecpw \nco-£n-°p-∂p.
ss__nƒ A[n-jvTn-X-amb k`m\n¿hN-\-Øn-\p-th≠n Nn¥n-°p-∂-h¿, tIm¨Ã‚-bn≥ BhnjvI-cn® hnI-e-hpw
A[n-Imc Xm¬]cym-[n-jvTn-Xh
- p-amb k`m \n¿h-N\
- ß
- sf X≈n-°f
- b
- pI kzm`mhn--I-am-Wv. F∂m¬ CØcw H-cp ss__n-ƒ Z¿i-\Ø
- n-s‚- ho-s≠-Sp-∏n-\p- \q‰m≠p-Iƒ ImØn-cn-t°≠n h-∂-p F∂Xv
]u-tcm-lnXyw {InkvXp-aX
- s
- Ø ASn-as
- ∏SpØn \nb-{¥n-®n-cp-∂-Xn-s‚- ^e-am-Wv.
]pen-°p-t∂¬ XpS¿∂p ]d-bp∂p:- ""k`mw-Kß
- ƒ cmP-Iob ]ptcm-ln-Xh
- w-ih
- pw
ssZh-Øns‚ kz¥w P\-hp-am-Wv. ap≥
kp\-lt- Zm-kp-Is
- fm-∂pw-Xs∂ hnizm-knI-fm-Wv k`-sb∂pw k`-bp-sS Xe-h≥
{InkvXp-hm-sW∂pw {]-Jy-m]
- n-®n-´n√.-''
""hØn-°m≥ Iu¨kn¬, k`-bn-ep≠m-tI≠ ]cn-h¿Ø-\Ø
- n-te-°p≈ Nq≠p-]e
- I
- hnizm-kn-If
- psS cmP-Iob ]utcm-ln-Xy-sa∂ Cu Z¿i-\-am-sW∂v FSp-Øp]d-™p. At∏m-kX
v e
- ≥am-cpsS Ime-Øv Ah-cpsS km∂n-[y-Øn¬ \S∂
aq-∂p k
- p\ltZm-kp-If
- nepw hnizm-kn-Iƒ-,- sXc-s™-Sp-°s
- ∏´ P\hpw cmP-Iob
]p-tcm-ln-X≥-am-cp-amWv F∂ ImgvN∏
- mSvhy-‡-am-°n-bn-cp∂p.-''
""1).- k`-bpsS BZysØ kp\ltZmkv, bqZm-kn\p ]I-c-ambn aYn-bm-kns\
Xn-c-s™-SpØ ktΩ-f-\-am-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-¬ \q-‰n-bn-cp-]t- Xm-fw ]p-tcm-ln-X∑
-- m-cpwA-t∏m-kX
v e
- ≥amcpw ]s¶-Sp-Øp. aYn-bmkns\ Xnc-s™-Sp-°p∂ Imcy-Øn¬ F√-m hnizm-kn-Iƒ°pw Xpey-amb Ah-Imi-am-Wp-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. bqZm-kn-\p- ]-I-cam-bn Hcmsf At∏m-kvX-e≥am¿°p am-{X-w Xnc-s™-Sp-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£,- At∏m-kvXe
- ≥am¿ am{X-a√
- , hnizm-kn-It- fhcpw cmP-Iob ]ptcm-ln-X≥am-cm-sW∂
Im-gN
v ∏
- m-SmWv At∏m-kX
v e
- ≥am¿ ChnsS
A-h-X-cn-∏n-®-Xv. (A-t∏m. 1:15-˛26).2) k`mip{iq-jI
- sc Xnc-s™-Sp-°p∂ Imcy-Ønepw F√m- hn-izm-kn-Ifpw Xp-

]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øn\p c≠mw
ÿm\w I¬]n-°p-I-bpw P\-Øn\v- H∂mw ]cn-K-W\ \¬Ip-I-bpw sNøp∂p F∂XmWv c≠mw hØn- ° m≥
Iu-¨kn-ens‚ k`m\n¿hN-\-Øn¬ ImWp∂ khnti-j-X. CXv, tIm¨Ã‚bn≥ BhnjvI-cn® `uXnI
kz`m-h-tØmSp IqSnb k`m\n¿h-N-\-Øn\v hncp-≤hpw
ss__n-fn-t\mSv- ASpØp\n¬°p- ∂ - X p- a m- s W∂v
]ecpw hniz-kn-°p-I-bpw
A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.

2013 G{]n¬

22

ey--cmWv F∂ ASn-ÿm\ Z¿i\w A-t∏m-kvXe
- ≥am¿ BhnjvIc
- n-°p-Ib
- p-≠m-bn. k`-bm-Wt√m
Ggp ip{iq-j-Isc Xnc-s™-Sp-ØXv (At∏m:
6:1˛7).3) hnizmkw kzoI-cn-°p-∂-h¿ ]cn-tO--Z -\Øn\p Xb-m-dm-I-Wtam F∂ {]-iv-\w k`-bnse
aq∏≥am-cmWp N¿® sN-bvXX
- v. F∂m¬ Xocp-am\w {]Jym-]n-®Xv ]t{Xm-k-√. adn®v bmt°m_v
BWv.- (Cu bm-t°m_v {InkvXpinjy-\mb sk_-Zn-bp-sS ]p{X≥ bmt°mt_m A≥t]bp-kn- s‚
]p{X≥ tP°t_m A√. adn®v P-dq-ktew k`bpsS aq∏-\mb tP°_v B-Wv Ft∂m¿°p-I)-.
bm-Ym-ÿn-Xn-I-cmb ^cn-tk-b- hnizmknI-fpsS
\ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ°v hncp-≤-am-bn, ss{IkvX-h¿ ]cntO-Zn- X
- c
- m-tI-≠X
- n-s√∂ Xocp-am-\hpw k-`- b p- tSXm-bn-cp∂p;- ]t{Xm-kn-s‚tbm ]u-tem-kn-s‚tbm
Bbn-cp-∂n√''.
""Cu aq∂p kp\-l-tZm-kp-Ifpw A-t∏m-kvXe- kp-\-l-tZm-kp-I-fm-bn-cp∂p'' (Hm-im-\- am-knI, 2004 Pq¨ e°w, t]Pv 2˛3)-.BZn-as
- s{I-kvXh kaq-lØ
- ns‚ km-lN
- c
- yß-sf-∏‰n ]pen-°p-t∂¬ Ah-Xc
- n-∏n-°p∂ ho£W-߃ Ncn{X bm-Ym-¿-Y-y-ß-fp-ambn AtX-]Sn
tbm-Pn-°-W-sa-∂n-√. ]t£,- k`mNcn-{X-Øns‚
]u-tcm-ln-Xy `mjy-ß-fp-ambn- Ch-bv°p≈ XmØz-n-I-amb hntbm-Pn-∏n\v AXn-t‚-Xmb aq-eyap-≠v.
c≠mw- h-Øn-°m≥ kp-\-l-tZmkv ap-t∂m´psh°p∂ P\-Øn-s‚bpw hnizm-kn-I-fp-sSbpw
]u-tcm-ln-Xy-hpw ]c-am-[n-Im-chpw F∂ Bibw
ss__n-fns‚ Z¿i-\a
- mbn ImWm-hp-∂X
- m-W.v Cu
Z¿i-\s
- Ø- \ncm-Ic
- n-®p-sIm-≠mWv ]u-tcm-ln-XyX¬]cy-ßf
- n-e[
- n-jT
v n-Xa
- mb Hcp ]p-Xn-b k`m]cnI¬]\ BhnjvIcn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. k`-bpsS BZysØ aq∂p kp\-lt- Zm-kp-Iƒ F∂ \ne-bn¬

]pen-°p-t∂¬ Nq≠n-°m-´nb aq∂p aXk-tΩ-f\
- ß
- f
- nepw P\-amWv Xocp-am-\ß
- sf-Sp-ØX
- pw, aX-]c
- a
- mb {]Jym-]\
- ß
- ƒ
\S-Øn-bX
- pw F∂p≈ ho£-WØ
- n-eqsS
X-n-c-kv-Icn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv k`-bpsS ]n¬°me [-m¿jvSy-am-Wv. k`-Iƒ A[n-Imc
Xm-¬]
- c
- yw ap≥\n¿Øn-bp≈ ÿm]-\ß
- fmbn ]-cn-Wa
- n-°p-Ibpw ]u-tcm-ln-Xyhpw
cmP-˛A
- [
- n-Imc Xm¬]-cy-ßfpw ]cvk]
- cw
ssItIm¿Øp \oßp-Ibpw sNbvXX
- ns‚
A\p-`-h-߃ ]n¬°meØp IS-∂p-h∂p. Cu IS-∂pIb‰w ss__nƒ ho£W-Øn\p \qdp-i-X-am\w hncp-≤-am-bn-cp∂p. k` AXns‚ P\-Iob kz`m-hØn¬
\n∂pw ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øn-te°pw A[nIm-c Xm¬]cy-Øn-te°pw hgn-am-dp-∂X
- pam-bn _‘-s∏´p ]pen-°p-t∂¬ FgpXp-∂p:
""tdma≥ N{I-h¿Øn-bm-bn-cp∂ tIm¨-Âbns‚ Iogn¬ k` cmjv{S-a-X-amb-Xn\p tijw 325-˛¬ tIm¨Ã‚bn≥
N-{I-h¿Øn \nJym kp\-l-tZmkv hnfn®p-Iq-´n. A∂papX¬ c≠mw hØn-°m≥
Iu¨kn¬ Dƒs∏sS 21 kp\-l-tZm-kpI-ƒ \S-Øn-bn´p-≠.v CXn¬ H∂pw c≠pw
hØn-°m≥ Iu¨kn¬ Hgn-®p≈ F√m
kp-\-l-tZm-kp-Ifpw hnfn®pIq´n-bXv
A-°m-eL´-Ønse N{I-h¿Øn-am-cmbn-cp-∂p.-''
""Cu kp\-lt- Zm-kp-If
- n-se√mw ssZhimkv{X-ßfpw A[n-Imc kwhn-[m-\-ßfp-ambncp∂p N¿® sNXvXncp-∂-Xv. a\pjy-s\-°p-dn®v Cu kp\-l-tZmkv ]nXm°-≥am¿°v {]tXyI Xm¬]-cy-sam-∂p-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√ F∂ Imc-W-Øm-emImw
CXv tbip a\p-jym-hX
- m-cs
- a-Sp-ØXv BI-am\ a\p-jy-h¿K-Øn\p th≠n-bm-bncp∂p F∂ ImgvN∏
- mSv Cu cmP-Iob kp\-lt- Zm-kp-Iƒ°v D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. CXn¬
\n∂pw hyXym-ka
- m-bn, k` ssZh-P\
- a
- msW-∂ ImgvN∏
- mSv anX-am-sb-¶nepw AhX-cn-∏n-®Xv c≠mw hØn-°m≥ Iu-¨k
- nem-bn-cp-∂p.''
""temI-Øn-em-bn-cn-°p∂ k` {In-kvXp-hns‚ PohnXamXrI kzoI-cn-t°-≠nbn-cp-∂p. AXn-\m-bp≈ At\z-jW
- a
- m-bncp-∂p k` \S-tØ-≠n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. tIm-¨Ã-‚b
- n≥ N{I-h¿Øn-bn¬\n∂v G‰p-hmßn-bXpw ss{IkvXh B[-ymXvanI-X°v
hn-cp-≤h
- p-amb cmP-Iob ]cn-th-jn-Xa
- mb
LS\m k{º-Zmbw k`bv°v Dt]-£n-°m-

c≠mw- h-Øn-°m≥ kp-\-ltZmkv apt∂m´p-sh°p∂
"P\-Øn-s‚bpw hnizm-kn-Ifp-sSbpw ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-hpw ]c-am-[n-Im-chpw' F∂ B-ibw ss__n-fns‚ Z¿i-\-ambn ImWm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Cu Z¿i-\sØ \ncm-I-cn-®p-sIm≠mWv ]u-tcm-lnXy Xm¬]cy-ßf- n-e[
- n-jvTn-Xa- mb Hcp
]p- X nb k`m]cn- I ¬]\
B-hn-jvIcn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.

2013 G{]n¬

23

≥ hnj-a-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p-'' (Hmim-\ -am-kn-I-, 2004
Pq¨ e°w, t]Pv 3).-ss{IkvXh
- k
- `- I
- ƒ cmPm-°≥amcp-sS-bp-w `uXn-I-Xm¬]-cy-°m-cmb ]ptcm-ln-X-≥amcp-sSbpw
ssII-fn¬ D]-Ic
- W
- a
- m-bn-Øo-cp-∂X
- v tIm¨Ã‚bn\pw ]ptcm-ln-X≥amcpw XΩn-ep≈ tbmPn-∏ns\-Øp-S¿∂mWv. k`-bn¬ \n∂pw hnizm-kn-Ifpw B[-ymXvanI-X-bpw aX-]-camb aqey-ßfpw
Xn-ckvIcn-°-s∏-Sp-I-bpw, ÿm]-\-h¬°cn-°s∏´ k`-Iƒ A[n-Im-cØ
- n-s‚ t{iWo-Ic
- W
- Ø
- nepw ]¶p-shbv-∏p-I-fnepw A[njvTnX-amb `u-XnIÿm]-\a
- m-bn-Øo-cp-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xv ss_-_nƒ hn-cp-≤-amb ]mX-bn-eqsS k©-cn-®p-sIm-≠mbn-cp-∂p. a\p-jy-cm-in-sb-°-p-dn®p Nn-¥n-°p-hm\pw, a\p-jy-cpsS {]iv\-߃- G-s‰-Sp°p-hm\pw
Xb-md
- m-bn-cp-∂n-´n-√mØ `uXn-Ik
- `- I
- ƒ N¿® sNbvXn-cp∂ ssZ-hi
- m-k{v Xw A[n-Imcw \ne-\n¿Øphm-\p≈ D]m-[n-I-fn¬ Dƒs∏´ H∂m-bn-cp-∂p.
{InkvXphns‚ PohnX amXr-Ib
- pw ss__n-fns‚
aqey-ßfpw X≈n-°-f-bp-Ibpw AØ-c-Øn-ep≈
At\z- j - W - ß - f n¬ \n∂p ]n¥n- c n- b p- I bpw
sNbvX k`, tIm¨Ã‚-bn≥ \¬Inb `uXnI
tI{µo-Ir-Xa
- mb LS-\b
- p-ambn CW-]n-cn-bmsX \n¬°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Cu Zpx-ÿn-Xn-bn¬ Hcp ]cnh¿Ø\w Bh-iy-amWv- F∂ B-ib
- a
- mWv c≠mw
hØn-°m≥ kp\-lt- Zm-kv apt∂m´p sh®-Xv. F.-Un. 325-˛¬ \nJym-bn¬ \S-∂ -kp-\-l-tZmkv
apX¬, k`-bpsS \n¿h-N\
- Ø
- n¬ \ho-Ic
- W
- hpw
ss_-_nƒh¬°c-Whpw \n¿tZ-in-°p∂ c≠mw
hØn-°m≥ kp\ltZmkv D-ƒ-s∏-sS \S∂ samØw Ccp-]Ø
- n-sbm∂p kp--\l
- tZm-kp-If
- n¬ tIh-ew cs≠Æw Hgn®v ]sØm-ºXpw cmPm-°≥
- amc
- pw `c-Wm-[n- I
- m-cn-Ifpw hnfn®ptN¿Ø-hb
- m-bn-cp∂p. k`-Iƒ cmPm-°≥amcp-sSbpw `c-Wm-[n-Imcn-I-fp-sSbpw ssII-fnse A[n-Im-c-Øns‚ D]I-cW
- ß
- f
- m-bmWv \o≠ \q‰m-≠p-It- fmfw h¿Øn®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂-Xv F∂v CXn¬ \n∂v hy‡-amIp-∂p. a-X-hpw `c-W-Iq-S-hpw P\-ß-fn¬ B[n-

]-Xy-hpw A[n-Im-chpw {]tbm-Kn-°m-\p≈ c-≠p kam-¥c D]-I-c-W-ß-fmbn h¿-Øn-®X
- ns‚ sXfn-hp-Iƒ k`-bpsS Zo-¿L N-cn-{X-Øn¬\n∂p -e-`y-am-Wv.
k`-bpsS P\-hn-cp≤ {]h-WX
- I
- ƒ
ss__n-fpw {InkvXp-hns‚ A[ym-]\-ßf
- pw BZy-Ime k`m k-¶¬]-ßfpw
X-≈n-°-f-™p-sIm≠v ]n¬ImeØv `uXn-Iÿm]-\-amb k` kzoI-cn® \S-]-Sn-If
- n¬ ]eXpw P\-hn-cp-≤h
- pw hnizm-kn
hncp-≤h
- p-am-bn-cp-∂p. cmPm-[n-]X
- y-Øn\pw
Zp-jv{]`p-Xz-Øn\pw kvXpXn ]d-bp-Ibpw
\ymbo-Ic
- n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm≠v k`
apt∂m´p \oßn. kp\-lt- Zm-kp-If
- pw aXk-tΩ-f\
- ß
- fpw {]Jym-]\
- ß
- fpw hnizmkn-If
- psS aX-]c
- h
- pw BXvaob-hp-amb A`n-hr≤n e£y-am-°n-bp≈hbm-bn-cp-∂n-√.
adn®v ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-˛{- ]-`p-Xz-Øns‚ A[nIm-chpw ]Z-hn-Ifpw Dd-∏n-°p-∂X
- n\p th≠n am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. Zpjv{]`p-Xzhpw ]utcm-ln-Xyhpw AXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-L-S\-bn¬ Xs∂bpw ]q¿W-ambn P\-hn-cp≤-am-bn-cp-∂p. LS-\b
- n¬ P\-hn-cp-≤a
- mb
]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ cq]-`m-h-߃ \n-¿W-bn-®-Xv tIm¨Ã‚-bn≥ N{I-h¿ØnbpsS Bi-bß
- f
- m-Wv. Cu Bi-bß
- s
- fbpw am¿K-\n¿tZ-iß
- s
- fbpw Dƒs∏-Sp-Øns°m-≠p≈ khn-ti-ja
- mb N´-°q-Sm-Wv"tIm-¨Ã‚-bns‚ Zm\w'- F∂p hnti-jn∏n--°s
- ∏-Sp-∂Xv.- ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ Xpcp-∏p- No´mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°s
- ∏-´p-h∂ Cu
tcJ-sb-°p- d
- n®v- k`m-Nc
- n-{X-Im-c≥am¿°nS-bn¬ A`n-{]mb `n∂-X-I-fp-≠v. ]t£,\q-‰m-≠p-I-tfm-fw Cu tcJsb- tNmZywsN-ø-s∏-SmØ {]am-W-ambn Ah-ew-_n®p--sIm-≠mWv ]u-tcm-ln-Xyhpw {]`p-Xzhpw hnizm-kn-Isf \nb-{¥n®psIm≠n-cp∂-Xv. cmPy-ßs
- f-bpw P\-ßs
- fbpw ASna-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm\pw \nb-{¥n-°p-hm-\p-ap≈
]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ {ia-ßsf Cu tcJ
i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øn. cmPy-߃ sh´n-∏n-Sn-°phm-\pw \n¿_-‘nX aX-]c
- n-h¿Ø\w \SØp-hm\pw k`m-t\-Xr-Xz-Øn\v Bth-iw]-I-cp-∂-Xnepw tIm¨Ã‚-bns‚ Zm\w
D-]t- bm-Kn-°s
- ∏-´p. k`m Ncn-{X-Im-c\
- mb
tk-hy¿ IqS-∏pg Fgp-Xp∂p:

am¿]m∏m ]Zhn hnip-≤-amb Hcp ÿm\-ambn hnizm-knIƒ Icp-Xp-∂p-sh-¶n-epw,
B ]Z-hn-bn¬ FØp-∂-hcp-w FØn-b-hcpw k©-cn°-p∂ ]mX-Iƒ A{X hnip≤ambncp-∂n-√ F∂ kXyØn\v k`m Ncn-{X-Øn¬ Fºm-Spw sXfn-hp-I-fp-≠v. D]Pm-]ß
- f- p-sS-bpw KqVX{¥ß-fp-sSbpw klm-b-tØmsS ]m∏m ]Z-hn-bn-se-Øn-bh-cpsS ]´nI \o≠-Xm-Wv.

""am¿]-m∏ cmjv{Sm[n-]\pwIqS-n- B--bXns‚ ]n≥_e-am-bn-thWw tIm¨Ã‚bn-s‚ Zm\sØ ho£n-°m≥.- ]m›m-Xytdmamkm{am-Py-Øn-s‚bpw km¿h-{XnI
k`-bp-sSbpw ta¬ am¿]-m∏bv°v ]c-am2013 G{]n¬

24

[n-Imcw \¬Ins°m≠v tIm¨Ã‚-bn≥ N-{Ih¿Øn kn¬shÿ H∂m-a\v- (314-˛355) \¬Inb
Hcp hnfw-_-c-ambn C-Xn-s\ IW-°m-°n-t∏m-∂p.
]t£, F´mw \q-‰m-≠n¬ am¿]-m∏
- b
- psS cmjv{Sm[n-Im-c-Øn-\p≈ ]n¬_e-ambn Btcm sI´n-®a® Hcp hymP tcJ-bm-Wn-Xv. \thm-∞m-\ Imewhsc CXns‚ km[p-Xsb Bcpw tNmZyw sNbvXncp-∂n-√. Cu hymP tcJ-bn¬ N{I-h¿Øn-°p≠m-b Hcp Znhy-Z¿i-\sØ°pdn®pw, N{I-h¿Øn
IpjvTt- cm-KØ
-- n¬\n∂v A¤p-XI
- c
- a
- mbn hnap-‡\m-b-Xn-s\-°-p-dn®pw \mS-Io-b-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cn-®n´p-≠v. Z¿i-\-Øn¬ hn.-]-t{Xm-kpw, hn. ]utemkp-w N{I-h¿ØntbmSp {InkvX
- p-aXw kzoI-cn-°m≥ Bh-iy-s∏-s´∂pw kpJ-{]m-]vXn-°mbn kn-¬sh-ÿ am¿]m--∏ sb kµ¿in-°m≥ Bh-iy-s∏s´-∂pw ImWmw. Cu tcJ-b-\p-k-cn®v At¥mIy-m, AeIvkm{≠nb, Pdqktew, tIm-¨-Ânt\m-∏nƒ F∂o \mep tdma≥ {]-h-iy-I-fnepw
am¿]-m∏
- bv°v A[n-Imcw \¬Inbn-´p-≠s{X? cmPIob thj-hn-[m-\ß
- f
- pw ÿm\-am-\ß
- f
- pw am¿]m-∏-bv°pw a‰p k`m-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ°pw tIm¨Ã‚bn-≥ Cu tcJ-hgn A\p-h-Zn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. k-`m[n-Imcn-I-sf√mw˛am¿]-m-∏, I¿Z-n-\m-f≥am¿, sa{Xm≥am¿, sshZn-I¿˛tdmam km{am-Py-Ønse cmPIo-bhpw D∂-X-hp-amb thj-hn-[m-\-߃ kzoIcn-®-Xns‚ Imc-Whpw Cu tcJ-bn¬ ImWp-∂p≠v. tdmam km{am-Py-Ønse hnhn[ ÿm\-]-Zhn-Iƒ k` kzoI-cn-®-Xn-\p≈ km[p-I-c-Whpw
Cu tcJ-bn-ep≠v-'' (Xncp-k`m Ncn{Xw, t]Pv 498˛49-9,- Hmim\ amknI 2004 HIvtSm-_¿ e°w,t]-Pv 36-˛37¬ D≤-cn-®Xv).k` t- \-Sn-sb-SpØ `uXn-Ia
- mb A[n-Im-cØ
- ns‚ Dd-hnSw {InkvXp-hm-bn-cp-∂n-√;- tIm¨Ã‚bn-t\m, At±-ls
- Ø-t∏m-se-bp≈ cmPm-°≥amtcm
Bbn-cp∂p F-∂-Xv {it≤-b-amWv. F∂m¬ `u-

Xn-I t{km-X- n¬\n-∂p-ambn k`- t\-Snsb-Sp-Ø Cu A[n-Im-c-Øns‚ hn\ntbmKw B-[-ym-fln-Ihpw aX-]-c-hp-amb
Bh-iy-ßsf ap≥\n¿Ønbm-bn-cp-∂n-√.
`uXnI kºØv Ic-ÿ-am-°m-\pw hnizm-knkaq-lsØ ASn-a-Ø-Øn¬ \ne\n¿Øp- h m- \ pw ]ptcm- l n- X ≥am¿°pth≠n sIm-√m-\p-w acn-°m-\p-ap≈ DØchp \S-∏n-em-°m-\p-amWv k`-Iƒ Cu
A[n-Im-chpw i‡nbpw D]-tbm-Kn-®-Xv.
tIm¨Ã‚-bn-s‚ Zm\-sa∂ t]cn¬ Adnb-s∏´ {]am-W-Øns‚ hnizm-ky-Xbpw
tcJm-]c
- a
- mb kmwK-Xyhpw ]u-tcm-ln-XyØn\v hnj-b-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂n-√. H´-\-h[n
I≈-{]-am-Wß
- s
- fbpw tcJ-Is
- fbpw- ASnÿm-\-am°n \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂ ]u-tcm-lnXy-Øns‚ A-[n--Imc LS-\, Cusbmcp
tc-J-bpsS Im-cy-Øn¬am{Xw hnizm-kyXbpw km[q-I-c-Whpw At\z-jn-°p-sa∂p hniz-kn-°p-∂Xv Ncn-{X-]-c-ambn A_-≤h
- p-am-Wv. C-Øc
- w {]-am-Wß
- f
- n-epsS
bptdm-∏nse cm-Pm-[n-]Xyw ssI°-em-°nb am¿]-m∏
- a
- m¿ ]n∂oSv {ian-®Xv A-b¬
- cm-Py-߃ sh´n-∏n-Sn-°m-\pw, A\y-aX
- ÿ
- sc aX-]c
- n-h¿
- Ø
- \w sNøn®v ]u-tcm-lnXy-Øns‚ A-Sn-aI
- f
- psS kwJy h¿[-n∏
- n°m-\p-am-Wv.
am¿]-m∏am¿ t\cn´p cmPm-[n-Imcw Iø-m-fp-Itbm am¿]-m-∏-am-cpsS A[oi-XzØn\p Iosgm-Xp-ßnb cmPm-°≥am-cn-eqsS ]u-tcm-lnXyw cmPy-`-c-Whpw A[nIm-chpw {]tbm-Kn-°tbm sNbvXp. \mem-w \q‰m-≠n-\p-tijw bptdm-∏n-epw ss{Ikv-Xh kaq-l-ß-fnepw am¿]-m-∏-am-cpsS
{]-Xn-\n-[n-If
- mtbm, ssIIm-cy-I¿Øm-°fm-tbm cmPm-°≥am¿ `cWw\S-Øp∂
ÿnXn h∂p-tN¿∂p. am¿]-m∏
- a
- m-cpsS \n¿-tZ-i-{]-Imcw `cWw \S-Ønb cmPm-°≥-am¿ Ah¿°p-th≠n bp≤-ßfpw t]mcm-´-ßfpw \SØn Ass{I-kvX-hsc \n¿-_-‘n®p aX-]-cn-h¿Ø-\-Øn\p hnt[b-am-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. CXns‚ anI-® DZm-lc
- W
- a- mWv H≥]Xmw \q‰m-≠n¬
{^m≥kn¬ N{I-h¿Øn-bm-bn-cp∂ Nm¿ensa-bn¬. Ct±lw \S-Ønb {InkvXp-a-X]-cn-h¿Ø-\Ø
- n\p ]n∂n¬, {InkvXpaXtØm-Sp≈ {]Xn-_-≤-X-sb-°mƒ IqSpX¬ ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-hn-t[-bX
- zhpw A[n-Imc-tam-l-h-amWv h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. tUm.
tk-hy¿ IqS-∏pg Fgp-Xp-∂p:""Ass{I-kX
v h
- c
- mb Ab¬cmPy-ßf
- pam-bn bp≤-Øn-te¿s]´v- {InkvXp-aXw

F-.U
- n. 325-¬ \nJym-bn¬ \S∂k
- p-\l
- t- Zmkv apX¬, k`bpsS \n¿h-N-\-Øn¬ \hoI- c - W hpw ss_- _ n- ƒ - h ¬°c-Whpw \n¿tZ-in-°p∂ c≠mw hØn-°m≥ kp-\l-tZmkv Dƒs∏sS \S∂
sam-Øw Ccp-]-Øn-sbm∂p
kp\ltZm-kp-I-fn¬ tI-hew cs≠Æw Hgn®v ]sØmºXpw cmPm-°≥amcpw `cWm-[-n-Im-cn-Ifpw hnfn-®p-tN¿-Ø-h-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

2013 G{]n¬

25

kzo-Ic
- n-°m≥ Ahsc \n¿_-‘n®v,- `b-s∏-SpØn
aX-]-cn-h¿Ø\w sNøp∂ \b-amWv Nm¿en-sabn≥ kzoI-cn-®-Xv. ]ucm-h-Im-i-߃ e`n-°-Wsa-¶n¬ {InkvXp-aXw kzoI-cn-°W
- a
- m-bn-cp-∂p. Ass{I-kX
-v h
- ]mc-ºc
- y-ßfpw k{º-Zm-bß
- fpw km{am--P y- Øn¬ \ntcm-[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. FÆØn-¬ {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ h¿[n®p'' (Xncp-k`m Ncn-{Xw, t]Pv 500-˛4501;- Hmim\ amknI 2004 HIvtSm_¿ e°w,- t]Pv 37-˛38¬ D≤-cn-®Xv).k` AXns‚ BXvaob ZuXy-߃ D-t]-£n°p-Ibpw `uXn-Ia
- mb `c-WI
- q-SØ
- n-s‚-bpw cmP`-cW
- Ø
- n-s‚bpw \S-]S- n-Iƒ°v ap≥Xq°w \¬IpIbpw sNbvX-Xns‚ ^e-ambn ss{IkvXh kaql-Øn-¬ Bhn¿`-hn® {]iv\-߃°v ]cn-lmcw
ImWp-∂-Xn-\p≈ Btem-N-\-Iƒ CS-°m-e-Øv
D≠m-sb-¶n-epw ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øn-s‚ IpSn-e-X-Isf adn-IS- ∂p apt∂m-´p-t]m-Ip-hm≥ Ahbv°p km[n-®n-√.- ]m∏-am¿ cmPm-°≥am-scbpw `c-Wm-[nIm-cn-Is
- fbpw \nb-{¥n-°p-Ib
- pw cmPm-[n-Imcw t]∏-kn-bpsS Im¬°ogn¬ Aa-cp-I-bpw Zpjv{]`pXz-hpw ]utcm-ln-Xyhpw ]c-kv]cw kl-Ic
- n-°pIbpw sNøp-∂X
- ns‚ XpS¿®-bmbn Bhn¿`-hn®
Zpc-¥ß
- ƒ G‰p-hm-tß-≠n-h∂
- Xv- ss{IkvXh kaq-l-am-Wv. Cu Zpc-\p-`-h-ß-fn¬ \n∂p≈ tamN\-am-{K-ln-®p-sIm-≠mWv ]n∂oSv s{]m´-Âp Nn¥m--KX
- n-sbbpw \o°-ßs
- fbpw ]n¥p-W°
- p-hm≥
bqtdm-∏n-\I
- Øpw ]pdØpw hn-izm-kn-If
- p-≠m-bXv .k` a\p-jysc hnkvacn-°p-Ibpw A-[n--Im-cØnepw B[n-]-Xy-Ønepw {i-≤-sN-ep-Øp-I-bpw
ssZh-imkv{X N¿®-Ifpw kp\-lt- Zm-kp-Ifpw k`bpsS `uXnI Xm¬]-cy-ß-fpsS \n¿h-l-W-Øn\p D]m-[n--I-fm-bn-Øo-cp-Ibpw sNbvX-Xns‚ Xp-S¿-®-bm-bmWv k`mhncp-≤-amb Btem-N-\-Iƒ Db-¿∂ph∂-Xv. Ign™ \q‰m-≠p-I-fn-epw C∂pw
\ne-\n¬°p∂X-mWv k`m-˛]
- u-tcm-lnXy hncp-≤

Nn-¥-Iƒ.- CØcw Nn¥-I-fn-se√mw {InkvXp-Z¿i-\sØ a\p-tjy-m≥-ap-Ja
- m-°p-∂Xn-\p≈ B{K-lhpw A`n-em-jß
- fpw ap∂-n´- p-\n¬°p-∂Xp Im-Wmw. ssZh-im-kv{Xw-, k`mt\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ \S∂ N¿®-Iƒ,
{]h¿Ø-\-߃ F∂n-h-sb√mw hnizmkn-IƒI-\p-Kp-Wa
- m-ImØ am¿K-Øn-eqsS
\oßn-bX
- ns‚ XpS¿®-bmbn Dcp-Øn-cn-™
Bi-b-ß-sfbpw {]-h-¿Ø-\-ß-sfbpw
kqNn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v tPm-k^
- v ]pen-°p-t∂¬ FgpXp∂p: ""ssZh-im-kv{X-sa-∂m¬
ssZh-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ ]-T-\w F∂ ]mcº-cy-\n-jvTa
- mb ho£-Ws
- Ø
adn-IS- ∂
- v,
ssZh-im-kv{X-Øns‚ A-Sn-ÿm\w a\pjys\ Du∂n-bm-bn-cn-°-W-sa∂ ho£W-amWv hntam-N\ ssZh-im-k{v X-Øns‚
h‡m-°ƒ°v D≠m-bn-cp-∂X
- v. ssZh-tI{µo-Ir-Xa
- mb Xntbm-fP
- n-b√
- , a-\pjy tI{µo-Ir-X-amb a\p--tjy-m-f-Pn-bm-Wv- B[p\nI bpK-Øn¬ {][m\w F-∂v hn-tam-N\ ssZh-im-kv{X-Nn-¥-I¿ hm-Z-n-®-p.''
""tbip-hns‚ Ah-Xmcw a\p-jys‚
B-[-ym-flnI hntam-N-\-Øn\p am{X-a-√,
a\p-jys‚ ka-{K-hn-tam-N\
- Ø
- n\pw IqSnbm-bn-cp∂p F∂ hmZ-amWv Ah¿ \ncØn-b-Xv. adnbw kz¿K-Øn-te°v DS-temsS- Btcm-lWw sNbvtXm? adnbw Aatem-X`v h-bm-bn-cpt∂m? {InkvXp-hn¬ a\pjy--Xz-Øn-s‚bpw ssZh-Xz-Øn-s‚bpw A\p-]mXw F{X-bm-bn-cp∂p? ]ptcm-ln-X¿
Ip¿_m\ A¿∏n-t°-≠Xv apt∂m-´p-\n-∂mtW-m, AtXm `nØn A`n-ap-Ja
- m-bmtWm?
ap-X-emb "Kl\'ßfmb Imcy-ß-fmWv
A-Xp-hsc hØn-°m-\nse AS-®n´ apdnbn-¬ k¿h-hn[ kuI-cy-ß-tfm-Sp-IqSn

BtKmf cmjv{So-b-Øn-epw
\- b - X {¥ _‘- ß - f n- e pw
ss{I-kvXh kmaq-ly-hn-Nm-cß-fnepw Gsd kzm[o-\n-°s∏´ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥
D¬]-Xn-jvWp-hmb am¿-]m∏
F-∂v Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp∂p.- F∂-m¬ Xs‚ ap≥Km-an-I-fn¬\n∂v `n∂-ambn GsX-¶nepw Xc-Øn-ep≈ ]ptcm-K-a\ \S-]S- n-Iƒ°v Ct±lw k`sb hnt[-b-am-°p-I-bp-≠mbn-´n-√.

2013 G{]n¬

26

tN-t°-dnb ssZh-im-kv{X-⁄≥am¿ Nn-¥n-®-Xv.
]t£,- Cu _u≤nI Xntbm-f-Pn-sb-°mƒ a-\pjy-tI{µo-Ir-Xa
- mb Hcp a\p-tjym-fP
- n-bmWv k-`°v Bh-iy-sa∂v Nne¿ Nn¥n-®p. sk‚ v AKÃn-\pw A-Izn-\mkpw sse{_-dn-If
- n¬ am{Xw C∂v
k-∂n-ln-Xc
- m-Wv. F∂m¬ {^m≥knkv A o-knbpw aZ¿ sX-tc-kb
- p-sa√mw a-\p-jylrZ-bß
- f
- n¬
F-∂pw k∂n-ln-Xc
- m-bn-cn-°pw''(Hmim-\- am-kn-I,
2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 5˛6).{InkvXp hn`m-h\w sNbvX BZ¿i-ß-fn-¬\n-∂pw e£y-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw k` hyXn-N-en-®pt]m-bX
- ns‚ A\n-hm-cy-^e
- a
- mWv k`m-hn-cp≤ ho£-Wß
- f
- mbn B-hn-¿`-hn-®X
- .v k`m-hn-cp≤ ho£ß-fpsS kzm[o-\hpw taJ-ebpw bYm¿Y-Øn¬
A-Xn-hn-]p-ea
- m-bn-cp-∂p. bptdm-∏n-\I
- Ø
- p- w ]pd-Øpambn hnizm-kn-Iƒ°n-Sb
- n¬ \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂ ]utcm-ln-Xy-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb hnIm-c-hn-Nm-c-ß-fn¬
\n∂p-amWv kzX-{¥-Nn-¥-bpsS Bi-bmw-i-߃
Dcp-Øn-cn-™p-h-∂-Xv. ssZh-im-kv{Xhpw ]mc-ºcy-]T
- \
- ß
- fpw ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ D]-Ic
- W
- ß
- fmbn A[x-- ]-Xn-®t- ∏mƒ a\p-jy-tI-{µo-Ir-Xa
- mb
Nn¥-Iƒ°p k`mLS-\-bn¬ ÿm\-an-√m-Xm-bnØo¿∂p. Cu ÿnXnhnti-jØ
- n\v- D≠mb Xncn®-Sn-I-fn¬ H∂v hy‡n-I-fn¬ Nne¿ ss__n-f-ns‚-bpw {InkvXp-hns‚ A[ym-]-\-ß-fp-sS-bpw
shfn-®-Øn¬ k`-sbbpw ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚
km-t¶-XnI LS-\-sbbpw ]cn-tim-[n-°p-hm≥ Xbm--d mbn cwK-Øp-h∂p F∂-Xm-Wv. ss{IkvXh
aq-ey-ß-fp-sS kzX-{¥-amb Ah-ew-_-߃ D]tb-m-Kn®p ]utcm-ln-Xy-sØ-bpw AXns‚ A[nIm-c-L-S-\-sbbpw ]cn-tim-[n-°p-I-bpw hna¿in°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Nn¥-Iƒ tIc-fØ
- nepw D≠mbn. CØcw Nn¥-I-fp-sS -hm-l-I-cn¬ Nne¿ \mkv-Xn-Icpw a‰p-Nn--e¿ kzX{¥ BXvaob-hm-Zn-Ifpw a‰p-Nn-e¿ hnizm-k-]-c-amb Xß-fpsS \ne]m-Sp-Iƒ ]msS ad-®p-sh-®p-sIm≠v k`m-kw-hn[m-\Ø
- ns‚ cq£hna¿i-Ic
- p-am-bn-Øo¿∂p. tIcf-Øn¬Xs∂ Fw.-]n. t]m-ƒ, tPmk^v ap≠-t»cn,
s]m-≥Ip∂w h-¿-°n F∂n-ßs\ ]ecpw Ahcp-tS-Xmb `mj-bnepw ssien-bnepw ]utcm-lnXy-Øns‚ \ninX hna¿i-I-cm-bn-cp-∂p. ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚bpw k`-bp-sSbpw t\-¿°
- p cq£-amb hna¿i\w \bn-®p-sIm≠v s]m-≥Ip∂w h¿°n
]-d™ hm°p-Iƒ {it≤-b-amWv:
""Cu PohnX aqey-߃°v {]Imiw sIm-SpØp-sIm≠v C∂sØ ItØm-en-°m-k`sb \aps°m∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°mw. C∂p k` ssZhsØ
I≠p-]n-Sn-°m-\p≈ Z¥-tKm-]p-c-Øn¬IqSn Dbcp-I-bm-Wv. Ip-d-®pIqSntb Db-tc-≠q, BIm-iØn¬ ap´m≥! AXns‚ D®n-bn¬ t]m∏v,- AXn\p-Xmsg I¿Z-n-\m-f≥am¿, sa{Xm-s∏m-eo-Ø-am¿,
sa{Xm≥am¿, AXn-\p-Xmsg hn-Im--cn-am¿; XmgsØ

\ne-bpsS hmXn-¬-°-¬ I]ym¿ \n-¬-]p≠v. ItØm-en-°m-k` sshZn-Ic
- psS ssII-fn¬ Xs∂-bm-Wv. Ah¿°v tkmjyenÃv \mK-cn-IX
- t- bmSv F¥v- ASp-∏a
- m-Wp≈Xv? AXn-\m-hiy-am-b Nn¥m-kzm-X{¥yw Ah¿°pt≠m? am-\h
- k
- a
- p-Zm-bØ
- ns‚ \≥a°p-th-≠n-bp≈ ]cn-h¿Ø-\Øn-¬ F{X-tØmfw kl-Ic
- n-°m≥ km[n--°p-sa∂v Nn¥n-°m≥ t]m-epw Ah¿
Hcp-ßp-∂n√-'' (Hmim-\ -am-kn-I, 2004 H-I-v
tSm_¿ e°w, t]Pv 6, 1975 Unkw-_-dn¬
\S-Ønb Hcp {]kw-K-Øn-¬- \n∂p≈
`mK-߃).hnizmknkaq-lt- Øm-Spw Ime-tØmSp-ap≈ ISpØ Ah-K-W\ ]utcm-lnXy-Øns‚ F°m-es
- Øbpw apJ-ap-{Z-bmbn-cp-∂p. Cu bYm¿Y-y-amWv Xt‚-Xmb
`m-j-bn¬ s]m≥Ip∂w- h¿°n ]d-™Xv. ss{IkvXh ]utcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ \-riw-k-X-Iƒs°-Xn-cn-ep≈ {]Xn-tj[w
F∂ \ne-bn¬ aXsØXs∂ ]msS X≈-n-°-f-bm≥ \n¿_-‘n-X-cmb \nc-h[n
kzX-{¥-Nn-¥-I-cpw BXvaob-Zm-ln-Ifpw
Nc-n{- X-Øn¬ Ign-™p-t]m-bn-´p-≈Xv \ap°-dn-bmw.
k`bpw kZm-Nm-c-hpw
[m¿a-n-I-X°p ap¥nb ]cn-K-W\ \¬-Ip∂ coXn k`°v BZy-L-´-Øn¬ D≠-mbn-cp-∂n-cn-°mw. F∂m¬ `uXn-Ih
- ¬°-cn-°s
- ∏´ k` ]n∂oSv A[n-Im-ct- ØmsSm-∏w-Xs∂ kpJ-tem-ep-]X
- °pw {]m-[m\yw \¬Ip-Ib
- p-≠m-bn. `uXnIh¬°-cW--Øns‚ Hcp kzm`m-hn-I-amb Xncn-®-Sntb-m ]cn-Wn-Xntbm Bbn-cp∂p ]utcmln-Xy-Øns‚ kpJ-tem-ep-]-X.
ItØm-en-°m-k`- b
- psS Ncn-{X-Ønepw
h¿Ø-am-\I
- m-eØ
- nepw k`sb hnSmsX
]n¥p-S-cp-∂ Hcp {]iv\-amWv ]ptcm-lnX-≥am-cpsS ssew-KnI Acm-PI
- X
- zw. CXv
k`m_mly-amb Hcp hna¿i-\s
- a∂ \nebn¬ Db¿∂p-h∂
- n-´p≈ hnj-ba
- √
- . adn®v,
Ign™ \q‰m-≠nepw Cu \q‰m-≠nepw
k-`°
- I
- Øv Iqe-¶j
- a
- mb N¿®-Iƒ°pw
kwhm-Zß
- ƒ°pw hnt[-ba
- m-bn-´p≈ Imcyam-Wv. k`-bpsS B[n-Im-cnI tcJ-If
- n¬
Cu hnjbw A¿ln-°p∂ ]cn-K-W-\tbmsS ÿm\w ]nSn-®n-´p-t≠m F∂Xp
a-s‰mcp tNmZy-am-W.v F∂m¬ Cu {]iv\Øn\v Ign™ c≠p Zi-I-ß-fn¬ am[ya-ß-fn¬ e`n® ]cn-K-W\ k`-bpsS kZm-Nmc \ne-hm-c-sØ-°-p-dn-®p≈ ]pXnb

]q¿hn-I-cmb ]m∏-am-cpsS
IncmXhrØn-If- n¬ ]eXpw
tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥ B-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ ImeL-´-Øns‚ hyXymkw ImcWam-Imw, ]e -Im-cy-ßfpw
B-[p-\nI cq]-`m-h-ß-tfmsS- b pw ab- s ∏- S p- Ø n- b pamWv {]m-h¿Øn-I-am-°n-bXv. a\p-jys‚ Nn¥m-˛-A-`n{]mb kz-m- X
- {¥yw \ntj-[n°p- ∂ - X n- ¬ tPm¨t]mƒ
c≠m-a≥ am- ¿ ]m∏ ]q¿hIme ]m∏-am-sc A\p-I-cn®-Xmbn Im-Wmw.

2013 G{]n¬

27

N¿®-Iƒ°v XpS°w Ipdn-®p. ]ptcm-ln-X≥
- amcpsS
hnhm-lw, kzh-¿K-cX
- n XpS-ßn- b hnj-bß
- ƒ ]pXn-b Ime-L´- Ø
- n-¬ hØn-°m\p ap∂n¬ sh√phn-fn-If
- m-bn-Øo¿∂Xv ]ptcm-ln-Xc
- psS \S-]S- n-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ {Iam-Xo-X-amb am[ya hnh-c-Wß-fpsS IqsS kzm[o\ ^e-am-bn-´m-bn-cp-∂p. ]e
{]iv\ß
- f
- nepw hØn-°m-\p t\cn´v CS-s]-tS≠n
hcn-Ib
- pw, \jvS]
- c
- n-lmcw \¬In AØcw {]iv\߃ Ah-km-\n-∏n-t°-≠n-h-cn-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p≠v. ASn-ÿm-\-X-e-Øn¬ k` B[ym-fln-I-a-√mXmbnØo¿∂-Xns‚ ^e-am-bn-cp∂p kXy-Øn¬
CØcw {]iv\ß
- s
- f-√m- w.- k`-bpsS `uXnI kz`mh-Øn¬ k-Zm-Nmcw A¿l-amb coXn-bn¬ ]cn-KWn-°-s∏-´n-√. tPmk^v ]pen-°p-t∂¬ Fgp-Xp∂p: ""Ign™ c≠p Zi-I-ß-fmbn k-`-sb De®
as‰mcp {]iv\w temIs-aº
- m-Sp-w ]ptcm-ln-X¿s°Xnsc Db¿∂p-h∂ sse-KnwI ]oU-\ -tI-kp-Ifm-bn-cp-∂p. B-tcm-]-W-Øn\v hnt[-b-cm-h-cn¬
I¿Zn-\m-f≥amcpw sa{Xm≥amcpw ]ptcm-ln-Xcpw
D-ƒs∏-Sp-∂p. Ata-cn-°b
- nse ]e cq]-XI
- fpw ]ptc-m-lnX ]oU-\-Øn-\n-c-bm-b-h-¿°v \jvS ]cnlm-cw \¬In ]m∏-cm-bn. hØn-°ms‚ hnZ-Kv[amb am[ya CS-s]--S-ep-Iƒaqew IY-Iƒ ]eXpw
]p-d-Øp-h∂n√ F∂p-am-{Xw.''
""bYm¿Y-Øn¬ Ip‰-hm-fn-I-sf∂v Icp-X-s∏Sp∂ ]ptcm-ln-X-sc-°mfpw sa{Xm-≥am-sc-°mfpw
C°m-cy-Øn¬ ssZh-Øn-s‚- ap≥]n¬ Ip‰-hmfn
am¿]-m-∏-bm-Wv. ]p-tcm-ln-X¿°v \n¿_-‘nX
Ahn-hm-lm--hÿ ASn-t®¬]n®- am¿]m∏ ssZhØn-s\-Xn-scbpw a\p-jy-s\-Xn-scbpw ]m]-am-Wp
sNbvXX
- v. ]ptcm-ln-X≥am-cpsS A-hn-hm-ln-Xm-hÿ ssZh I¬]-\-b-√. A-t∏m-kvX-e≥amcp-sStb-m BZna k`-bp-sStbm I¬]-\-b-√. ]utemk-v«o-lm hy-‡-ambn FgpXn: "F∂m¬ \o hnhm-lw I-gn-°p-s∂-¶n¬ ]m]-a√ sNøp-∂Xv-Hcp
I\yI hnhmlw Ign-°p-∂s
- X-¶n¬ A-hf-pw sN-

øp-∂X
- v- ]m]-a√''- (1-sIm-dn-¥y¿: 7:28) "Imaw-sIm≠v Fcn-bp-∂X
- n-s\-°mƒ hn-hmlw
I-gn-°p-∂-XmWv DØaw' (1 sIm-dn: 7:7)
F-∂pw ]utemkv A\p-im-kn-°p-∂p.''
""ssewKnI A]-hm-Zt- °-kp-If
- n¬ \jvS- ]
- c
- n-lmcw \¬tI-≠Xv cq]-XI
- f
- m-bncp-∂n-√. adn®v a\pjy kz`m-h-Øn-s\-Xncm-bn \nb-aß
- ƒ krjvSn® hØn-°m-\mbn-cp-∂p. hØn-°ms‚ k©nX kº-ØmWv \jvS]
- c
- n-lmcw sImSp-°m≥- D]-tbmKn-t°-≠s
- X-∂mWv Fs‚ hn\o-Xa
- mb A`n-{]mbw.- A[m¿a-nI
- a
- mb \nbaw a\p-jycpsSta¬ ASn-t®¬]-n-®-Xn\v \jvS-]-cnlm-cw \¬Im≥ DØ-ch
- mZn hØn-°m-\mWv'- ' (Hmim\ amkn-I, 2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 6˛7).ss__nƒ A\p-h-Zn® Hcp Imcyw
\n-tj-[n-®p-sIm≠v k`, A[m¿a-nI
- X
- °vt{]m’m-l\w \¬Ip-Ib
-- mWv- bYm¿YØn--¬ sNbvX-Xv. k`-bpsS A[n-Im-cs°m-Xnbpw B[n-]X
- y-tam-lß
- f
- pw aXmXo-Xa
- mb Xm¬]-cy-ßf
- p-ambn _‘-s∏´
e£y-߃°mbmWv ]ptcm-ln-X¿ Ip-Spw_ PohnXw \bn-°p-∂Xv hne-°n-b-Xv.
]t£, Cu hne°v FXn¿^e-amWp
kr-jvSn-®-Xv. hne-°p-Isf A-h-K-Wn-®psIm≠v `uXnI XrjvW-I-fpsS ]ndtI
k©-cn® ]ptcm-ln-X≥am¿ kpJ-tem-ep]-X°v \njn-≤a
- m¿K-߃ Ah-ew-_n-°p∂-Xn¬ FØn-t®¿∂p.

k`m-hn-cp≤ ho£-ß-fpsS
kzm[o-\hpw taJ-ebpw bYm-¿Y-Øn¬ AXn-hn-]p-e-ambn-cp-∂p. bptdm-∏n-\-IØpw
]p-d-Øp-ambn hnizm-kn-I-ƒ°n- S - b n¬ \ne- \ n- ∂ n- c p∂
]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb
hnIm-c-hn-Nm-c-ß-fn¬ \n∂pamWv kzX- { ¥- N n- ¥ - b psS
B-i-bmw-i-߃ Dcp-Øn-cn™p-h∂
- X
- v.

tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a\pw dm‰vknwKdpw
ItØm-en°m k`-bpsS Ncn-{X-Øn¬ 265 am¿-]-m-∏-am¿ h∂p-t]m-bn-´p-≠v. {InkvXp-hns‚ P∑\m-Smb ^ekvXo\n¬\n∂p-≈h
- c
- m-bn-cp-∂n√ Chcn¬ Hcmƒt]mepw.- 266m-as
- Ø- am¿-]m-∏b
- m-bn- GXm-\pw- Zn-hk
- ß
- ƒ-°p- a
- p-º-v Xn-cs
- ™-Sp-°s
- ∏-´X
- mIs´- A¿-P‚
- o-\b
- p-sS- I¿-Zn-\mƒ- s_¿-tKm-fn-tbmB-Wv.- Ccp-\q-dn-e-[nIw t]cpw C‰-en-bn¬ \n∂p≈-h-cm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ 99 t]¿ tdmam \K-c-hmkn-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. ItØm-en°m k`-bpsS Ncn-{X-

]ptcm-ln-X\
- pw hnπ-hI
- m-cn-bp-am-bn-cp∂ ^mZ¿- hS-°≥ Fgp-Xp-∂p:- ""{_“Ncy-sa-SpØ ItØm-en°m sshZn-Ic
- n¬ 99
iX-am\w Hcp Xc-Øn-e-s√-¶n¬ as‰m-cpX-cØ
- n¬ {_m“Ncym-{hXw ewLn®p Pohn-°p-∂h
- c
- m-sW∂v F\n°p I´m-ba
- m-bn´-d-bmw. B ÿnXn°p Xmßm-\m-hmØ
`m-cw B ]mh-s∏´ Igp-XI
- f
- psS ]pdØp
Ib‰n shbv°p-∂Xp k`-°p `qj-W-as√-∂mWv C∂pw Fs‚ hy‡n-]-c-amb
A-`n-{]m-bw. Zu¿_eyw A\p`hs∏-Sp-∂h≥ AXp Xpd∂p kΩ-Xn-°s
- ´-sb-∂pw,
ZmºXyPohnXw CjvSs
- ∏-Sp∂ sshZn-I≥
AXp kzoI-cn-®p-sIm≠v sshZn-I-\mbn
XpS-c-s´-b-∂pw, _e-hm≥ \nXy {_“-Ncy-m{- h-Xs
- a-SpØv IqSp-X¬ hne-]n-Sn®- A¿∏W PohnXw sXc-s™-Sp-°s
- ´-sb∂pw
k` Xocp-am-\n-®p ImWm-\mWv Fs‚ A`n-emjw. F∂√msX F¥p Im´n-°q-´nbm-epw Ipº-km-cn-®m¬ aXn F∂ Ir{Xna
a\- a
- m-[m-\t- ØmsS Pohn-°m≥ ItØmen°m sshZn-Isc \n¿_-‘n-°p-∂Xp k2013 G{]n¬

Xy-tØmSpw Abm-{¥nI kz`m-ht- ØmSpw \S-Øp∂ `b-¶c sh√p-hn-fn-bm-bn-cn-°pw'' (Fs‚ IpXn∏pw InX∏pw, ^mZ¿: hS-°≥, t]Pv 30, D-≤cWw Hmim-\ -am-knI 2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 7˛8).ItØm-en°m k`-bpsS Aim-kv{Xo-b-amb
ho£-W-߃°v anI® DZm-l-c-W-amWv ]ptcmln-X-cpsS {_“Ncym-\n-b-aw. IpSpw-_-Po-hnXw
\bn-°p-∂-h¿°v {InkvXp-hns‚ tkh-I-cm-bn-cn°m≥ ss__nƒ A\p-h-Zn-°m-Ø-Xns‚ {]iv\a√ Chn-sS-bp-≈-Xv. I\ym-kv{Xo-I-sf-bpw {_“Nm-cn-I-fmb ]ptcm-ln-X-scbpw D]-tbm-Kn®v k`bpsS kºØpw A[n-Im-chpw kzm[o-\h
- pw \nb{¥-W-ßfpw \n¿h-lW kwhn-[m-\-ßfpw IqSpX¬ i‡-am-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ Dt±-iyw k`-°p-≠mbn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬, k`-bpsS C°m-cy-Øn-ep≈
]cn-[n-Iƒ {i≤n-°p-hm≥ a\pjykl-P-amb hnIm-cß
- f
- p≈ ]ptcm-ln-X≥am¿°v Ign-bmsX h∂Xns‚ XpS¿®-bmbn Bhn¿`-hn® {]iv\ß
- ƒ bqtdm-∏nepw C¥y-bnepw temI-sØ-hn-sSbpw hnizmkn-Isf Akz-ÿa
- m-°p-Ib
- pw th´-bm-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]u-tcm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ kZm-Nmc hncp-≤hpw
A[m¿a-nI
- h
- p-amb {]h¿Ø-\ß
- t- fm-Sp≈ hntbmPn-∏n-s‚bpw {]Xn-tj-[Ø
- n-s‚bpw ^e-ambn aXsØ Xs∂ X≈n-∏d
- t- b-≠n-h∂-hc
- p≠-mb
- n-!-

28

Øn¬ AwKo-Ic
- n-°s
- ∏-Sp∂ Ch¿°p ]pd-sa, 37 FXn¿ ]m∏-amcpw D≠m-bn-´p-≠v.
shfp-Øh
- ¿K--°m-cpw sXmen-sh-fp-Øh
- c
- pwam-{X-amWv am¿]m∏m ÿm\-Øn\v A¿l-¿ F∂ Hc-en-JnX \nbaw ]m∏-am-cpsS
Xnc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ {]mh¿Øn-I-am-°-s∏-´Xm-bn ImWmw. 265 am¿]m-∏-am-cn¬ ]Xn\memw am¿]m∏-bm-bn-cp∂ hnIvS¿ (189˛199),- 32-˛mw am¿]m-∏b
- m-bn-cp∂ sa-¬°nbmsZkv (311-˛314), 49-˛mw am¿]m-∏b
- m-bn-cp∂
sPem-kn-bqkv H∂ma≥ (492-˛496) F∂nß-s\ aq∂p-t]¿ am{X-am-Wv B{^n-°bn¬\n∂v Xnc-s™-Sp-°s
- ∏-´X
- v. ]m∏m-]´-Øn\v Idp-Ø-h-cpw Ccp-\n-d-°mcpw A¿-l-l-c-s√∂ ItØm-en°m k`-bpsS
Xoc-pa
- m\w {]mh¿Øn-Ia
- m-°s
- ∏-´X
- p-sIm≠m-Wn-X.v
s_\-Un-IvSv ]Xn-\m-dm-a≥ F∂ t]cn-¬ ÿm\-ta‰ dm‰vknwK-dn\p apºv tPm¨-t]mƒ c≠m-a≥ F∂-dn-bs
- ∏´ am¿-]m∏ (1978-˛2009) Gsd {]iw-kn-°-s∏´ hy‡n-bm-Wv. BtKmf cmjv{So-bØ
- n-epw \b-X{¥ _‘-ß-fn-epw ss{IkvXh kmaq-ly-hn-Nm-c-ß-fnepw Gsd kzm[o-\n-°s∏´ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥ D¬]-Xn-jvWp-hmb am¿]m∏ F∂v Adn-b-s∏-´n-cp∂p.- F∂m¬ Xs‚ ap≥Km-an-If
- n¬\n∂v
`n∂-ambn GsX-¶nepw Xc-Øn-ep≈ ]ptcm-K-a\ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ°v Ct±lw k`sb
hnt[-ba
- m-°p-Ib
- p-≠m-bn-´n-√. am{X-hp-a√
tPm¨t]mƒ H∂m-as‚ (1978) \S-]S- n-Iƒ
AtX-]Sn ]n¥p-Sc
- p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p.
tPm¨t]mƒ H∂m-a\v Xs‚ ]Z-hn-bn¬
Ccn-°m≥ Ign-™Xv tIhew 34 Znhkw
am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. hØn-°m-\nse Hcp kw-

Lw D]-Pm-]I
- ¿ Dd-°K
- p-fnI \¬In At±-lsØ
h[n-°p-Ib
- m-bn-cp∂p F∂v ]-db
- s
- ∏-Sp-∂p.- am¿]m-∏ ]Z-hn-°p-th≠n KpVhpw {Iqc-hp-amb \o°ßƒ H´-\-h[n \S-∂n-´p≈Xmbn ItØm-en°m
k`-bpsS Ncn-{X-Øn¬ ImWmw.

Ign™ c≠p Zi-I-ß-fn¬
am[y-a-ß-fn¬ e`n® ]cn-KW-\ k`-bpsS kZm-Nmc \ne-hm-c-sØ-°-p-dn-®p≈ ]pXnb N¿®-Iƒ°v XpS°w
Ipdn-®p. ]ptcm-ln-X≥am-cpsS hnhm-lw, kzh-¿K-c-Xn
Xp-Sß
- nb hnj-bß
- ƒ ]pXnb Ime-L´- Ø
- n¬ hØn-°m-\p ap∂n¬ sh√p-hn-fn-I-fmbn-Øo¿∂Xv ]ptcm-ln-X-cpsS \S-]-Sn-Isf Ipdn-®p≈
{Iam-Xo-X-amb am[ya hnh-cW-ß-fpsS IqsS kzm[o\
^-e-am-bn-´m-bn-cp-∂p.

Gsd {]iw-kn-°s
- ∏´ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥
ItØm-en-°m-k`- bpsS bmYm-ÿn-Xn-Ihpw ]ptcmK-a\ hncp-≤-hp-amb \S-]-Sn-Isf Bh¿Øn-®p-d∏n-°p-I-bmWp sNbvX-Xv. tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-as\-°-p-dn®v tPmk^v ]pen-°p-t∂¬ Fgp-Xp∂p:
""tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a-\v, 23-˛mw tPm¨am¿]-m∏
k-`b
- n¬ Bcw-`n® \ho-Ic
- W {]{In-b°p X{¥]q¿hw XS-bn-Sm\pw k`sb 16-˛mw \q‰m-≠ns‚
]n∂n-te°p \bn-°m\pw Ign™p-''(Hmim-\ -amknI, 2005 sabv, t]Pv 4).ItØm-en°m k`-bpsS tImbvabpw B[n-]Xy-hpw cmjv{So-bm-[n-Im-c-ßfpw Xncn®p ]nSn-°p∂--Xn-\p≈ \o°-ßf
- mWv bYm¿Y-Øn¬ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥ \S-Øn-bX
- .v hnhn[ temI cmjv{Sß-fn-te°v At±lw \S-Ønb bm{X-If
- pw hnhn[
kaq-lß
- f
- p-ambn \S-Ønb Bib hn\n-ab
- ß
- fpw
\b-X{- ¥-_‘
- ß
- f
- p-sam-s°bpw AØ-cØ
- n-ep≈
hnhn-t[m-t±-i-am-\-߃ D≈-h-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ss{IkvXh kaq-lsØ AXns‚ BtKmf cmjv{Sob
i‡n-tbmsS Xncn-®p-sIm-≠p-hc
- p-∂X
- n-\p≈ tPm¨-t]mƒ c≠m-as‚ {]h¿Ø-\-߃, k`-bpsS
B[-ymXvanI-amb imIvXoI-cW \S-]SnIfm-bn-cp∂n-√. tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥ k©-cn-®-h-gn-Iƒ
Xn-I®pw cmjv{So-b]
- c
- a
- m-bn-cp∂p:
""2˛mw tPm¨t]mƒ am¿]m-∏-bpsS temI-]cy-S-\-Øns‚ e£yw am¿]m∏ ]Z-hn°p \jvSs∏´ cmP-Io-b-Xbpw {]Xm-]hpw Xncn-s®-Sp-°pI
F-∂Xmbn-cp-∂p. am¿]m-∏-bpsS cmPy-k-µ¿i-\ß-sf-√mw-Xs∂ Hcp Xo¿Y-m-S-I-s\∂ \ne-bn-e√. adn®v Hcp cmjv{S-Ø-e-hs‚ {]Xm-]-Øn-embn-cp∂p \S-∂-Xv. 16-˛mw \q‰m-≠n\p ap≥]p≠mbn--cp∂ ]m∏m-ÿm-\Ø
- ns‚ {]Xm]w Xncn-®p-sIm≠p-h-cp-∂-Xn-\p≈ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-as‚ ]cn{i-aß
- ƒ hnP-bn®p F∂-Xn\p sXfn-hm-Wv, At±l-Øns‚ arX-kwkvImc-Øn\v cmjv{S-Ø-e-h-≥am-sc If-Øn-en-d-°m≥ tdmanse \b-X-{¥-⁄≥am¿°v Ign™p F∂Xv'- ' (Hmim-\- am-kn-I, 2005
Pq¨, t]Pv 3˛4).]ptcm-ln-Xc
- psS hnhm-lw, {InkvXy≥ {]m¿Y\-I-fpsS LS-\, IpSpw_ kwhn-[m-\-Øns‚ kz`m-hw, CX-c- aXkaq-l-ß-fp-am-bp≈ _‘w F∂n-XymZn hnj-bß
- f
- n-se√mw tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥ ]n¥p-S¿∂Xv ]Xn-\mdmw \q‰m-≠n\p ap-ºsØ am¿]m-∏-am-cpsS \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ Xs∂-bm-bncp-∂p. ItØm-en°m k`-bpsS kZ-m-Nmc \nehm-c-Ø-I¿®°p Imc-W-amb Acm- P I- X z--ß ƒ

2013 G{]n¬

29

X-S-bp-hm-\p≈ am¿K--sa∂ \ne-bn¬
]ptcm-ln-X-cpsS hnhmlw Bh-iy-am-bncp-∂p.
C°m-cy-Øn¬ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥
am¿]m∏ ]n¥n-cn-∏≥ \b-amWp kzoIcn--®Xv: ""Bdmw t]mƒ am¿∏m-∏-bpsS
ImeØv (1963-˛1978) hnhm-ln- X-cm-Im≥ B{K-ln-®n-cp∂ ]ptcm-ln-X¿°v AXn-\p≈
A\p-hmZw \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. 12,000-tØmfw
t]¿ ]ptcm-lnXÿm\w Dt]-£n®v hnhm-lw Ign®v am\w acym-Z-bmbn Pohn°p-∂p. ]t£, tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥
]p-tcm-lnX¿- hnhmlw Ign-°p-∂Xv ho≠pw hne°n: As√-¶n¬ Akm-[y-am°n'' (Hmim-\- am-kn-I, 2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 7).]q¿hn-I-cmb ]m∏-am-cpsS Incm-X-hrØn-If
- n¬ ]eXpw tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥ Bh¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Ime-L´-Øns‚ hyXymkw Imc-Wm-Imw, ]e Im-cy-ßfpw B[p-\nI cq]-`m-hß
- t- fm-sSbpw ab-s∏-Sp-Øn-bp-amWv {]mh¿Øn-Ia
- m°n-b-Xv. a\p-jys‚ Nn¥m-˛-A-`n-{]mb
kzm-X{¥yw \ntj-[n-°p-∂-Xn¬ tPm-¨t]m-ƒ c≠m-a≥ am¿]m∏ ]q¿h-Ime ]m∏-amsc A\p-I-cn-®-Xmbn ImWmw.
""ap≥Ime ]m∏-am¿ a\p-jys‚ Nn¥m-kzm-X-{¥y-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bmWv sX‰p
sNbvXX
- v.''
""tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥ am¿]m∏bpw
Xs‚ `c-WI
- m-eØv Cu ap≥Kman-If
- psS
sX‰p-Iƒ Bh¿Øn-®p. F{X-sb{X {]apJ-cmb imkv{X-⁄≥am-cpsS \mhpw Xqen-I-bp-amWv Cu am¿]-m∏ Adp-ØXv!
hn-tam-N\ ssZh-imkv{X Nn¥-I-\mb
t_m^v, k`m \ho-I-c-W-hm-Zn-bpw {]ikvX
- ssZh-im-kv{X-⁄\
- p-amb lm≥-kvbp≠v, ssZh-im-kv{X-⁄\
- mb _me-kqcy, jn√o s_Ivkv F∂n-hsc imkn-°pIbpw ]e-scbpw A[ym-]-I-hr-Øn-bn¬
\n∂p XS-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Ahsc imcocn-Ia
- mbn ]oU-n∏
- n-®n-s√-¶n¬ AXn\p Imc-Ww Ah¿ aX-\n-c-t]£ P\m-[n-]Xy
cmjv{S-ß-fnse ]uc≥am-bn-cp∂p F-∂Xm-W.v - F¥n-\,v Cu B[p-\nI C≥Iznknjs‚ ssIIƒ tIc-f-Ønse ^m. sk_m-Ãy≥ Im∏-\n¬hsc FØn-bn-cp∂p.''(Hmim-\ -am-kn-I, 2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 5).tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a\
- p-tijw s_\UnIvSv ]Xn-\m-dm-a≥ F∂ t]cn¬ am¿]m∏bm-b- dm‰vknwK¿, tPm¨t]mƒ c≠mas‚ \S-]S- n-Isf ]q¿W-ambpw ]n¥p-W-

]m∏bpw ]ptcm- l n- X ≥amcpw Dƒs∏´ k`m-L-S-\-tbmSpw AXns‚ {]h¿Ø-\-ßtfmSpw hnizm-kn-Iƒ°nS-bn¬ cq£-amb shdp∏pw hntbm-Pn∏pw \ne-\n¬°p-∂p≠v F∂Xv- hkvXp-X-b-m-Wv.
k`m kwhn-[m-\t- ØmSv G‰pap´n ]cm-P-b-a-S-™-hsc hnizm-k-Øn-\p-th≠n kacw
sNbvX-h-cmbn ImWp-∂-hcp-sS kwJy- h¿[-n-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv.

2013 G{]n¬

30

®n-cp∂ Hcp B⁄m-\p-h¿Øn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. XpS°-Øn¬ ]ptcm-Ka
- \
- h
- m-Zn-bmb ]ptcm-ln-X\
- m-bncp∂p dm‰vknwK¿. Icp-Ø-\mb ssZh-imkv{X
Nn¥-I≥ lm≥kvIpßns‚ kl-{]-h¿Ø-I-\mbn-´mWv dm‰vknw-K¿ tdman-se-Øn-bX
- v.
]n∂oSv At±lw ]Sn-]-Sn-bmbn Db¿∂v hnizm-kn kwL-Øe
- h
- \-pw tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-as‚
a\x--km£n kq£n-∏p-Im-c-\p-ambnØo¿∂p. ln‰ve-dpsS \mkn-∏-S-bpsS Iuamc hn`m-K-Ønse
A-w-K-am-bn-cp∂p dm‰vknwK¿ sNdp-∏-Øn¬. 14-˛mw
hb- n¬ \mkn-_mekJy-Øn¬ tN¿∂ A-t±lw blqZ XS-¶¬]mf-b-Øn\p Np‰pw InS-ßpIp-gn-°p∂ tPmen-bS- °w ]e {]hr-Øn-Ifpw \mkn-Iƒ°p-th≠n sNbvXn-cp-∂p. Ata-cn-°≥
ssk\yw P¿a-\n-bn-te°v \oßn-b-t∏m-gmWv dm‰v-knwK¿ \mkntkh\w Ah-km-\n-∏n-®v- skan\m-cn-bn¬ tN¿∂p ]T-\a
- m-cw-`n-®X
- v. tdman-se-Øn,
tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-as‚ hniz-kvX-s\-∂- ]-Z-hntbmfw hf-cm≥ Ign™ dm‰vknwK¿°v ]m∏m]´Ø-n¬ BZyw apX¬°pXs∂ {i≤-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. hØn-°m-\n≥ At±lw \o°nb Icp-°ƒ
am¿]m-∏m-]´w e£y-am-°n-bp-≈h
- Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p. am¿]m∏ ]Z-hn-bn-te-°v, X\n-°p-tijw dm‰vknwKsd ImWp-∂X
- n¬ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a\pw
X¬]c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ms‚ \ne]m-Sp-Isf i‡-ambn ]n¥p-W-®-Xns‚ {]Xyp-]Im-c-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ dm‰vknwK¿°v am¿]m-∏-bmIm-\p≈ ]›m-Øew tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a-≥-Xs∂ Hcp-°n-sIm-Sp-Øp. X\n°v am¿]m∏m ]´-Ønte-°p≈ hgn-sbm-cp-°nb tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-at\m-Sp≈ \µn {]I-S\w F∂ \ne-bn-em-W,v aq∂p
amkw-t]m-epw XnI-bp-∂X
- n\p apºv At±-lsØ
hnip-≤\
- m-°p-∂X
- n-\p≈ \S-]S- n-Iƒ s_\-Un-ISv
]-Xn-\m-dm-a≥ Bcw-`n-®X.-v ItØm-en°m k`-bpsS hnip-≤c
- psS ]´n-Ib
- n¬ C{X-s]-s´∂v hnip≤

]Zhn \¬s∏´ as‰mcp hy‡nbpw C√.
Xs‚ hf¿®°v Imc- W - ° m- c - \ mb
tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-at- \m-Sp≈ \µn-bmWv
dm‰vknwK¿ F∂ s_\-UnIvSv ]Xn-\mdm-a≥ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥- AXn-thKw
hnip-≤]
- Z- hn \¬Ip-∂X
- n-eqsS {]I-Sn-∏n®-Xv. tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a-\n¬\n-∂v
dm‰vknwK-dn-te°v am¿]m∏m ÿm\w
ssIam‰w sNø-s∏-´-Xns‚ \mƒh-gn-Iƒ
hni-Zo-Ic
- n-®p-sIm≠v ]pen-°p-t∂¬ FgpXp∂p: ""tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-as‚ `c-WIm-esØ Ah-km-\sØ 10 sIm√-°mew
At±lw tcmKn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. am¿]m-∏b
- psS
tcmKw Hcp Znhy-c-l-ky-am-bn-´m-bn-cp∂p
hØn-°m-\nse _p≤n-Po-hn-Iƒ Ah-Xcn- ∏ n- ® n- c p- ∂ - X v.
At±- l - Ø n\v
]m¿°n≥k¨kv tcmK-am-Wp-≠m-bn-cp∂Xv F∂v {]Xy-£-Øn¬Xs∂ km[mc-W-°m¿°v a\- n-em-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p.
]t£,- AXv At±-l-Øns‚ am\-k-n-I\n-esb F{X-am{Xw _m[n-®n-cp∂p F∂v
sSen-hn-j-\n-eqsS am{Xw At±-lsØ
I≠n-cp∂ P\-߃°v \n¿W-bn-°m-\mIp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√.''
""Cu Ime-L´- Ø
- n¬ hØn-°m-\nse
`cWw ]q¿W-ambpw I¿Z-n\
- mƒ dm‰vknwKdpsS Iøn-em-bn-cp-∂p. tPm¨t]mƒ c≠mas‚ ac-Wt- ijw am¿]-m∏
- sb Xnc-s™Sp-t°≠ I¿Z-n\m-f≥amsc \ma-\n¿tZiw
sNøp-∂X
- nXv \n¿W-mb
- I
- a
- mb kzm[o\w
sNep-Øn-bn-cp-∂Xpw I¿Z-n\
- mƒ dm‰vknwKdm-bn-cp-∂p. ASpØ ]m∏m-ÿm\w kz¥am-°m≥ I¿Z-n\
- mƒ dm‰vknwK¿ F√m Icp°fpw hnZKv[ambn \o°n.''
""tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥, c≠mw hØn°m≥ Iu¨knens‚ k`mZ¿i\-ßsf
]nt∂m-´-Sn-°p∂Xn\p \S-Ønb F√m
\o°-߃°pw ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn-®ncp∂ dm‰vknwK-dpsS ]m∏m ÿm\m-tcml-W-Øn\v klm-bn® tPm¨t]mƒ
c≠m-a\v D]-Im-ck
- a
v c
- W
- b
- mbn \¬Ip∂
hnip≤ ssI°q-en-bm-bn-´p-thWw At±lsØ hnip-≤-\m-°m-\p≈ Cu ASn-b¥nc \o°sØ ImWm≥'' (Hmim-\ -amknI, 2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 9).am¿]m∏m ]Zhn hnip-≤-amb Hcp
ÿm\-ambn hnizm-kn-Iƒ Icp-Xp-∂p-sh¶n-epw, B ]Z-hn-bn¬ FØp-∂-hcpw
FØn-b-hcpw k©-cn-°p∂ ]mX-Iƒ
A{X hnip-≤ambncp-∂n-´n√ F∂ kXyØn\v k`m Ncn-{X-Øn¬ FºmSpw sXfn-

hp-I-fp-≠v. D]-Pm-]-ß-fp-sS-bpw KqVX{¥-ß-fpsSbpw klm-bt- ØmsS ]m∏m ]Z-hn-bn-se-Øn-bh-cpsS ]´nI \o≠-Xm-Wv. Hcp am¿]m-∏- ÿm-\ta¬°p-tºmƒ Xs∂ ASpØ am¿]m-∏-bm-Im\p≈ a’c߃ Bcw`n°pI-bm-bn. I¿Z-n-\mf≥am¿°nS-bn¬ D]-Pm-]ß
- fpw Ip{]-Nc
- W
- ß
- fpw
\SØn ASpØ ]m∏m]´w Dd-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈
\S-]-Sn-Iƒ°v t\XrXzw \¬In hnP-bn-°p-hm≥
Ign-bp-∂-h¿ ASpØ ]m∏-am-cmbn Xnc-s™-Sp°-s∏-Sp-∂p!-

"Im-en-sØm-gp-Øn¬- ]n-d-∂']m-hs- ∏-´h
- \
- p-w- ]m- hß
- f- p-sStXm-g\
- p-am-b- tb-ip-hn-s‚- IY- ]-d-bp-∂- ss_-_n-fn-s‚A-\p-bm-bn-Iƒ-°v- X-ß-fpsS- A-`n-\h
- - C-Sb
- ∑
- m-cn-¬- A¬-]w- em- f -n-X yw-- {]-IS- n-∏n-°p∂-bm-sf- Im-Wp-tºm-ƒ- hn-kva-bw- tXm-∂p-∂-Xn-s≥-d- A
¿- Y w hn- i - Z o- I - c n- t °- ≠ - X n√-t√m.

2013 G{]n¬

31

]p-Xn-b- ]m-∏b
- vs
- °-Xn-cn-epw- B-tcm-]W
- ß
- ƒ]p-Xp-Xm-bn-- sX-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´- s_¿-tKm-fntbm- F-∂- {^m≥-kn-kv- am¿-]m-∏s
- b- _-kn¬- bm{X-sN-øp-∂,- kz-¥w- h-kv-{Xw- A-e-°p-∂,- `-£Ww- ]m-NI
- w-sN-øp-∂- em-fn-Xy-Øn-s‚- \n-dI
- p-Sa
- mb- ]m-∏- F-∂v- am-[y-a-߃- hm-gv-Øn-b-Xv- \mw- I≠p.- tlm-´¬- _n-√-S-°m≥- Iyq- \n¬-°p-∂- t^mt´m-bpw- Nn-e- ]-{X-߃- {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-®p.- ]m-∏-amcpw- I¿-Zn-\mƒ-am-cpw _n-j-∏p-am-cp-sam-s°- kp-Jtem-ep-]-X-bn¬- cm-PI-o-b- Po-hn-Xw- \-bn-°p-∂-hcm-bX
- p-sIm-≠m-Wt- √m- A-Xn¬-\n-∂p-w-- hy-Xy-kX
v- \m-b- {^m-≥k
- n-kv- am¿-]m-∏- em-fn-Xy-Øn-s‚- Bƒcq-]-am-bn- hn-ti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xv.- "Im-en-sØm-gpØn¬- ]n-d-∂'- ]m-h-s∏-´-h-\p-w-- ]m-h-ß-fp-sS- tXmg-\p-am-b- tb-ip-hn-s‚- I-Y- ]-d-bp-∂- ss_-_n-fns‚- A-\p-bm-bn-Iƒ-°v- X-ß-fp-sS- A-`n-\-h- C-S-b∑m-cn-¬- A¬-]w- em-fn--Xyw-- {]-I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-bm-sfIm-Wp-tºm-ƒ- hn-kv-a-bw- tXm-∂p-∂Xn-s≥-d- A¿Yw hn-i-Zo-I-cn-t°-≠-Xn-√-t√m.- ]m-∏-bm-bn- sX-cs™-Sp-°s
- ∏-´- ti-jw- B-Zy-am-bn- \-SØ
- n-b- hm¿Øm-kt- Ω-f\
- Ø
- n¬- A-t±-lw- ]-d™
p-:- ""]-mh
- s
- ∏´-h¿-°p-th-≠n- \n-es
- Im-≈p-∂- ]m-hs
- ∏-´- k-`b
- mbn- I-tØm-en-°m- k-`- am-dW
- w-''- (am-Xr-`q-an- Zn-\∏
- {Xw,- 2013 am¿-®v- 17,- t]-Pv- 5).-k-z-bw- ]m-h-am-bn- am-dp-I-bp-w- k-`-sb- ]m-h-ßfp-sS- k-`-bm-°n- am-‰em-Wv- X-s‚- e-£-y-sa-∂v- {]Jym-]n-°p- I-bpw- sN-øp-∂]
-- m-∏s
- °-Xn-cn¬- Xp-S°
- -

Øn-te- B-tcm-]-W-ß-fp-b-cm≥- Xp-S-ßnbn-´p-≠v F-∂X
- v- {i-t≤-bm-Wv.A¿-P‚
- o-\b
- n-se- ssk-\n-I- `-cW
- I
- me-sØ- a-\p-jym-hI
- m-i- ew-L\
- ß
- ƒ-s°Xn-sc- {^m≥-kn-kv- ]m-∏- {]-Xn-I-cn-®n-√,1976¬- ssk-\y-Øn-s≥-d- ]n-Sn-bn-em-b- c-- ≠p- ]p-tcm-l-n-X-sc- c-£n-°m-≥- {i-an-®n√,- ssk-\n-I- `-c-W-Im-e-Øv- -Im-Wm-XmIp-∂- Ip-´n-Is
- f- I-s≠-Øp-∂X
- n-\m-bn- (a\p-jym-h-Im-i-ew-L-\-Øn-\n-c-bm-b-h-sckw-c£
- n- °
- m≥)- \-S]
- S- n-sbm-∂pw- kzo-Ic
- n®n-√- F-s∂
- √
- m-am-W-v B-tcm-]W
- ß
- ƒ.- (am[y-aw- Zn-\-∏-{Xw- 2013 am¿-®v- 17,- t]-Pv- 9).hnizm-kn-If
- psS shdp∏v
]m∏bpw ]ptcm-ln-X≥amcpw Dƒs∏´
k`m-L-S-\-tbmSpw AXns‚ {]h¿Ø-\ß-tfmSpw hnizm-kn-Iƒ°nS-bn¬ cq£amb shdp∏pw hntbm-Pn∏pw \ne-\n¬°p∂p≠v F∂Xv- hkvXp-X-b-m-Wv. k`m
kwhn-[m-\-tØmSv G‰p-ap´n ]cm-P-b-a-S™-hsc hnizm-k-Øn-\p-th≠n kacw
sNbvX-h-cmbn ImWp-∂-h-cpsS kwJyh¿[-n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv. {InkvXp
hn`m-h\w sNbvX ss{IkvX-hn-I-X°pw
hnizm-kn-I-fpsS Iq´m-bva-°p-sa-Xn-cmWv
k`-bp-sS-bpw ]ptcm-ln-Xy-Øn-s‚bpw \o°-߃ F∂v hniz-kn-°p-I-bpw ]d-bpI-bpw sNøp∂h¿°n-Sb
- n¬ k`-bpsS hnizm-k-]-c-amb \ho-I-c-W-Øn-\pw `uXnI-LS- \
- b
- n¬ \n∂p≈ kzmX-{¥y-Øn\pw
th≠n-bp≈ Zmlw i‡-am-bn-°-gn-™ncn-°p-∂p. Cu Zml-Øns‚ {]IS-\ß
- ƒ
hnhn[ thZn-I-fn-epw {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-ßfnepw ImWmw. hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v k` Bh-iy-an-s√-∂pw, ]utcm-lnXy LS-\-°p]-cn-bmb kzmX-{¥y-amWv ss{IkvXh
- n-I-

]ptcm-ln-X-cpsS hnhm-lw,
{In-kvXy≥ {]m¿Y-\-I-fpsS
LS-\, IpSpw_ kwhn-[m-\Øns‚ kz`m-hw, CX-c- a-Xkaq- l - ß - f p- a m- b p≈ _‘w- F∂n-XymZn hnj-bß
- f- nse√mw tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a≥ ]n¥p-S¿∂Xv ]Xn-\mdmw
\q-‰m-≠n\p apºsØ am-¿]m-∏-am-cpsS \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ
Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

2013 G{]n¬

32

X-bpsS Xm¬]cy-sa∂pw hniz-kn-°p∂ Hcp ss{IkvXh hnizm-kn-bpsS Nn¥m-KXn C{]-Im-ca
- m-Wv:""{InkvXp kz]v-\w I≠ Hcp PohnXØn\p
hn-cp-≤-ambn {]h¿Øn-°p∂ ss{IkvXh k`tbm-Sp G‰p-ap´n hnP-bn-°p-hm≥ Ign-bmØ thZ\
hfsc Xo{h-ambn A\p-`-hn-°p-∂-h-cpsS ]£Øp-\n-∂p-sIm≠v icn-bmb _Z-ep-Iƒ cq]-s∏Sp-Øp-hm≥ \ap°v Ign-bm-Øs
- X-¥p-sIm-≠mWv?
k`m-t\-Xr-Xz-tØmSpw cmjv{So-bm-`m-kß
- t- fmSpw
kacw sNøm-\ndßn-Øn-cn®v \ΩpsSsbms° t\Xr-Xzw ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv Fhn-sS-bmWv?''- (Hmd
am-kn-I, 2000 Unkw-_¿, t]Pv 41-˛¬ tPmWn Ipºfw Fgp-Xnb {]Xn-I-c-W-Øn¬\n-∂v).hnizm-kn-If
- psS ]£-Øp-\n-∂p≈ k`mhncp≤-amb Nn¥m-KX
- n-If
- psS as‰mcp DZm-lc
- Ww C{]Im-ca
- m-Wv: ""h-Øn-°m\n¬ \n∂v am¿]m-∏tbm hnizmkn kwL-Ø-e-h≥ dm‰vknwKtdm F¥p- {]Jym-]n-®mepw hnizm-kn-Iƒ A\p-kc
- n-®p-sIm≈pw
F∂ [mcW Xncp-ØpI Xs∂-th-Ww. bqtdm-∏nse am{X-a-√, temI-Øn-se-√m-bn-S-Øpw, Cßp
tIc-fØ
- nepw ÿnXn CXp-Xs
- ∂. hnizm-kn-If
- mb
Ip-™m-Sp-Iƒ F¥pw tI´p sIm≈pw F∂ k`m[n-Im-cn-I-fpsS [m¿jvSyw \nd™ [mcW Cu
tIc-fØ
- n¬Xs∂ Xncp-Øn-bX
- ns‚ F{Xtbm DZml-c-W-߃ \nc-Øm≥ Ign-bpw. Cu "Ip™m-SpIƒ' hnfn-Xs∂ \ndp-ØWw.- Cu kXyw ]d-bp∂-hsc k`m-hn-tcm-[n-If
- mbn Nn{Xo-Ic
- n-°p∂ Hcp
{]h-WX tIc-fØ
- n¬ k`m-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ hf¿Ønsb-Sp-°p-∂p-≠v.- AXp-sIm≠v bmsXmcp {]tbmP-\hpw D≠m-Im≥ t]mIp-∂n-√. kz¿K-Øns‚
Xm-t°m¬ Xß-fpsS ssII-fn-emWv F∂ ap-jv°m-Wv k`m-[n-Im-cn-Isf CXn\p t{]cn-∏n-°p-∂Xv. adn-®v, tbip-hns‚ {]t_m-[-\-a-\p-k-cn®v Pohn-°-emWv kz¿K-w {]m]n-°p-hm≥ G‰hpw \√
am¿K--sa∂ Xncn-®d
- nhv A¬amb¿°p-≠m-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂-XmWv bmYm¿Y-yw. Xnancw _m[n® k`m[n-Im-cn-Iƒ°v- CXp a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-hn-√.
]Icw Ah¿ hne-]n-°p∂p; hnizm-kn-Iƒ°p
hn-izmkw Ipd-™n-cn-°p∂p F∂v. am{X-a√ k`m[n-Im-cn-Iƒ {]kw-Kn-°p-∂Xv H∂v, {]h¿Øn-°p∂-Xv as‰m∂v.'- ' (Hmd- am-kn-I, 2001 s^{_p-hc
- n, t]Pv 13-˛¬ Sn.hn tPmk^v Fgp-Xnb Ipdn-∏n¬\n-∂v)am¿]m-∏b
- n¬ \n∂pw Bcw-`n-°p∂ k`-bpsS
A[n-Im-cL
- S- \
- t- bm-Spw ]utcm-ln-Xy-tØm-Sp-ap≈
hntbm-Pn∏v B[p-\nI Ime-L´- Ø
- n¬ Nne ss{IkvX
- h
- ¿°n-Sb
- n¬ AXn-i‡
- a
- mb Hcp hnIm-ca
- mbn
hf¿∂p Ign-™n-cn-°p-∂p. ]pXnb am¿]m-∏t- °m,
]p-tcm-ln- X
- c
- nse ⁄m\n-Ifpw X{¥-im-en-If
- p-amb hy‡n-Xz-߃t°m hnizm-kn-I-fpsS hntbmPn-∏p-Isf I≠n-s√∂p \Sn®v apt∂m-´p-t]m-Im≥
A-[n-I-Imew km[n-°p-I-bn-√.

imkv{Xw Is≠-ØmØ imkv{X kqN-\-Iƒ Izp¿-B-\n¬\n∂v: 3

Dd-°hpw ac-Whpw
tUm: ]n. sI. A_vZp-d-km°v kp√an
F¥mWv Dd-°w-˛ t_m[-afi
ew Xm¬°m-en-Ia
- mbn Hm^v sNøp-∂p. ]t©{µn-b-ß-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\hpw Xm¬°m-en-I-ambn \ne-°p-∂p. ImgvN, tIƒhn,
aWw, cpNn, kv]¿i\w XpS-ßn-bh {]h¿Ø\w \S-°p-∂n-√. DZm-l-c-W-ambn
i-_vZ-X-cw-K-߃ Cb¿{U-Ωn¬ X´n-bmepw I¨t]mf s]m°n hkvXp-°-fpsS
{]Xn-_nw-_ß
- ƒ sd´n-\b
- n¬ X´n-®mepw ImWp-Itbm tIƒ°p-It- bm C√. ImcWw
ZriysØ \nb-{¥n-°p∂ hnjz¬ tIm¿s´Ivkpw tIƒhnsb \nb-{¥n-°p∂ HmUn‰dn tIm¿s´Ivkpw Hm^v sNø-s∏´ Ah-ÿ-bn-em-Wv. Xe-t®m-dnse Nn¥sb
\nb-{¥n-°p∂ \yqtdm¨ sk√p-Ifpw kPo-hm-hÿ
b
- n-e√
- . ]s£ ico-cØ
- nse
lrZ-bw, izmk-tIm-iw XpS-ßn-b-h-sb√mw \ne-°msX {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p. Iºyq´¿ Hm^m-°n-bmepw ka-bhpw Xnø-Xnbpw {]h¿Øn-∏n-°p∂ _m‰dn {]h¿Øn®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°pw. AXv t]mse DW-ßnb ap¥ncn t]mep≈ Xe-t®m-dnse
ssl-t]m-X-em-akv F∂ `mK-amWv a\p-jy\v _m‰dn t]mse {]h¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv.
a-\p-jy≥ P\n-®Xv apX¬ acWw hsc {]h¿Øn-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p∂ Ah-b-ham-WX
- v.
2013 G{]n¬

33

k¿∆-hn-⁄m\ tImiw Dd-°-sØ∏‰n hnh-cn-°p∂Xv C{]-Im-ca
- m-Wv. \n{Zmh-ÿ-bn¬ c‡-k-Ω¿Zw, lrZbkv]µ\w, c‡- Ø n- e p- ≠ m- h p∂ am‰- ß ƒ,
akvXn-jvI-Ønse sshZypXXcw-K-ß-fnep-≠m-hp∂ (EEG)hyXn-bm-\ß
- ƒ, F∂nh-bp-sS Dd-°-Øns‚ Bghpw ]T-\-hnt[-b-am-°n-b-Xns‚ ^e-ambn Dcp-Øn-cn™p-h-∂n-´p≈ Imcy-߃ Ch-bm-Wv. 1)
Dd-°-Øn¬ lrZ-b-an-Sn-∏v, c‡-k-Ω¿Zw,
izmtkm- — m- k - Ø ns‚ Bgw, \nc°v
F∂nh Ipd-bp-∂p. 2) eLp-\n-{Z-bn¬ akvX
- n-jI
v Ø
- nse hnZyp-—‡n Xcw-KØ
- n¬
Imcy-amb am‰-sam∂pw ImWm-dn-√. F-∂m¬ Dd-°-Øn\v Bgw IqSp-∂-tXmsS hen-b thmƒ´p≈ EEG Xcw-K-߃ Zriyam-hp-∂p. 3) hnhn[ Ah-b-h-ß-fnse c‡-Øns‚ Af-hnepw kmc-amb am‰-߃
ImWp-∂p. Dd-°-Øns‚ \nZm-\-sØ-°pdn®v ]e kn≤m-¥ß
- fpw Bhn-jvIc
- n-°s∏-´n-´p-≠v.
193-˛¬ ]nt‰m¨ F∂ Kth-j-I≥ Hcp Ipc-ßns\ Ipsd kabw Dd-ßm≥
k-Ω-Xn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw ]n∂oSv A-Xns‚ skdnt{_m kvss]-\¬ {Zmh-I-sa-SpØv as‰mcp Ipc-ßn- ¬ IpØn-sh-°p-Ibpw
sN-bX
v t- ∏mƒ c≠m-asØ Ipcßv Dd-ßn.
ln-]tv \m-tSm-Ik
v n≥ F∂ cmk-hk
- X
v p-hmWv Dd-°-Øn\v Imc-W-sa∂pw, AX√
]n-‰yq-´dn {KŸn-bpsS {kmh-amb t{_mw
tl-m¿tam¨ BsW∂pw imkv{X-⁄≥
- am-¿°v A`n-{]m-bß
- ƒ D≠v. F∂m¬ CsX-√mw \nK-a-\-ß-fm-Wv. Jfin-X-amb
imkv{X-kX
- y-ßf
- √
- .
Dd- ° n- s \- ∏ ‰n imkv { XtemIØv

Iºyq-´¿ Hm^m-°n-bmepw kabhpw Xnø-Xnbpw {]h¿Øn-∏n°p-∂ _m‰dn {]h¿Øn-®p-sImt≠-bn-cn-°pw. AXv t]mse DWßnb ap¥ncn t]mep≈ Xe-t®mdnse sslt]m-Xe
- m-akv F∂ `mKam-Wv a\p-jy\v _m‰dn t]mse {]h-¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv. a\p-jy≥ P\n-®Xv apX¬ acWw hsc {]h¿Øn®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p∂ Ah-b-ham-WX
- v.

gp≈ {]m¿Y-\-bpsS XpS°w C{]-Im-cam-Wv. ""Rßsf acn-∏n-®-Xn\v tijw Pohn-∏n® A√m-lp-hn-∂mWv k¿∆-kvXpXnbpw''
CXn¬\n-s∂√mw a\- n-em-Ip∂ Hcp
hkvXpX CXm-Wv. Dd-°-k-a-bØv C∂v
hscbpw imkv{Xw a\- n-em-°n-bn-´n-√mØ Hcp ssNX\yw ico-c-Øn¬\n-∂v ]nSn--s ®- S p- ° - s ∏- S p- ∂ p- ≠ v . DW- c p- t ºmƒ
AXns\ ico-cØ
- n-te°v Xncn-®b
- °
- s
- ∏Sp-∂p. C\nbpw imkv{X-]-T\w ]ptcm-Kan-°p-tºmƒ IqSp-X¬ hnh-c-߃ Adnbp-sa∂v {]Xo-£n-°mw.
{]IrXn a\pjy¿°v th≠n

]T\߃ \S∂n´ps≠¶nepw C\nbpw
F{Xtbm hnhc߃ Adnbm\ncn°p∂p.
Izp¿-B≥ Dd-°s
- Ø-∏‰n A¤p-XI
- c
- a
- mb
Hcp hnhcw \¬Ip-∂p.
""Bflm-hp-Isf Ah-bpsS ac-W-thf-bn¬ A√mlp ]q¿W-ambn Gs‰-Sp-°p∂p. ac-W-s∏-Sm-Ø-hsb Ah-bpsS Dd°-Ønepw (G-s‰-Sp-°p-∂p) F∂n´v GsXm-s° Bflm-hn\v acWw hn[n-®n-cn°p-∂pthm Ahsb Ah≥ ]nSn-®p-sh°p-∂p. a‰p-≈h
- sb Hcp \n›nX Ah[n
h-sc Ah≥ hn´-b-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.
Xo-¿®-bmbpw Nn¥n-°p∂ P\-߃°v AXn¬ ZrjvSm-¥ß
- f
- p≠v'' (39:42)

a\p-jy≥ {]Ir-Xn-bp-am-bp≈ _‘sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ ]T\amWv am\-hnI ]cnÿnXn imkv{Xw (Human Ecology) `uX-nI ho£-W-Øn-ep≈ am\-hnI ]cnÿnXn imkv{X ho£-Wa
- \
- p-kc
- n®v a\pjy-≥ {]Ir-Xn-sbbpw P¥p-tem-Is
- Øbpw
Iogvs]-SpØn kuI-cy-s∏-SpØn Pohn-°p∂p F¶nepw a\p-jy¿°v th≠n-bmWv
`qan-bn-ep≈ F√m-Øn-t\bpw krjvSn-®Xv
F∂v ]d-bm≥ ]‰p-Ib
- n√ F∂p-amWv A`n--{]m-bw. F∂m¬ Ckvem-anI am\-hnI
]cn-ÿnXn imkv{Xw (Islamic view of Human Ecology) Cu A`n-{]m-bt- ØmSv tbmPn-°p-∂n√. Izp¿-B≥ ]d-bp-∂p ""A-h\mWv \n߃°p-th≠n `qan-bn-ep-≈s
- X√mw krjvSn-®p-X∂
- Xv'' (2:29)

Dd-ßm≥ InS-°p-tºm-gp≈ {]m¿Y\
XpS-ßp-∂Xv C{]-Im-ca
- mWv ""A√m-lpsh
Fs‚ Bflm-hns\ \n∂n-te°v G¬]n°p-∂p.'' Dd-°-Øn¬\n∂v DW-cp-tºm-

Cu, c≠v ho£-Wß
- f
- n¬ Ckvem-anI ]cn-ÿnXnimkv{X-amWv icn F∂v a\- n-em-°mw. 1950 Ifn¬ ssN\-bn¬ amthm sk XpwKv `cn-°p∂ Imew ]mS-ß-

2013 G{]n¬

34

fn-¬ Infn-Iƒ s]cp-Ip-∂X
- v sIm≠v [m\yhn-Øp-Iƒ Xn∂v \in-∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv F∂-pw AXn-\m¬ Infn-Isf D≥aq-e\w sNbv-Xm¬ am{Xsa ssN\-bn¬ Im¿jnI
hnπhw km[y-amIp F∂pw k¿°m¿ {]Jy-m]
- n-®p. Infn-Isf D≥aq-e\w sNøm≥
]≤Xn Xøm-dm-°n. Hmtcm Znh-kØ
- nepw
Hmtcm hnZym¿Yn-Ifpw Hmtcm Infn-I-sfsb-¶nepw sIm√p-I. Infn-°q-Sp-Iƒ X-I¿-°p-I. Infn-Isf FbvXp-sIm-√m≥ IhW-Iƒ hnX-cWw sNø-s∏-´p. GXm\pw
amk-߃sIm≠v Infn-Iƒ C√m-sX-bm-bn.
h≥tXm-Xn¬ Im¿jnI apt∂‰w {]Xo£n® ssN\ Irjn-\m-i-Øn-te°v \oßn. At∏m-gmWv ssN\okv Kh¨sa‚ v
]-T\w \S-Øn-b-Xv. Infn-Iƒ Irjn-ÿe-ßf
- n¬ ]d-∂n-dß
- p-∂Xv IoS-ßsf Xn∂v
\in-∏n-°m-\mWv hnØp-Iƒ Xn∂m-\√
F∂Xv. ]s£, t_m[y-s∏-´t∏mtg°pw
ssh-In-t∏m-bncp∂p.
a\p-jy¿°v th≠n-bmWv `qan-bnse
F√m-‰n-t\bpw krjvSn-®Xv F∂ ssZ-hnI-ktµiw Ah-K-Wn® Iayq-WnÃv k-¿°-m¿ ho≠pw Infn-Isf \m´n¬ sIm≠ph∂v ]mS-ßf
- n-te°v hnSm-\p≈ Nn¥-bnem-bn-cp-∂p. ]s£ AX{X Ffp-∏-a-√.
h-¿j-ßt- fmfw Ah-cpsS sNbvXn-IfpsS
^-ew Ah¿ A\p-`-hn-®p. hºn® ]´nWn-bn¬ ssN\ s]mdp-Xn-ap-´n.
A√mlp ]d-™Xv F{X kXyw!
""a\p-jy-cpsS ssIIƒ {]h¿Øn-®Xv
\n-anØw Ic-bnepw IS-enepw Ipg∏w
shfn-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. Ah¿ {]h¿Øn-®Xn-¬ Nne-Xns‚ ^ew Ah¿°v Bkz-

Zn-∏n-°m≥ th≠n-bs{X AXv. Ah¿ Hcpthf aS-ßn-tb°mw'' (30:41)
B{^n-°b
- nse Nne cmPy-ßf
- n¬ Dcpf-°n-gßv Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈ Irjn-Iƒ \in∏n-°p∂p F∂ Imc-W-Øm¬ lns∏ms∏m-´m-akpIsf sIms∂m-Sp-°m≥ Xocpam-\n-®p. h≥tXm-Xn¬ sIms∂m-Sp-°s
- ∏´-t∏mƒ P\-߃°n-Sb
- n¬ -a- - - ™-∏n-Ø-w
_m[n-°m≥ XpS-ßn. IΩo-js\ \ntbmKn®v ]T\w \S-Øn-b-t∏m-gmWv, a™-∏nØ-Øn\v ImcWw {]Xn-tcm[tijn \jv-S-s∏-´-Xm-sW∂pw AXn\v ImcWw
Xntem∏n a’y-߃ \in-®p-t]m-bX
- mWv
F-∂pw lns∏m-s∏m-´m-akns‚ NmWIw
C√m-ØX
- p-sIm-≠v Imb-ense ]mb¬s®Sn-Iƒ \in-®-Xp-sIm-≠mWv Xntem∏n
a’y-߃°v AXn-\p-≈n¬ hf-cm≥ IgnbmsX \in-®Xv F∂pw At\zjI¿°v
a-\ 
- n-em-bXv. ]ip-°f
- n¬\n∂v ]m¬ In´p-∂Xv t]mse t\cnt´m ta¬]-d™ cq]Øn-¬ Ipsd IÆn-Iƒ°v tijtam Bbncn°mw a\p-jy¿°v a‰v Poh-Pm-e-ßsf
_-‘s
- ∏-Sp-Øn-bXv F∂ bmYm¿Yyw Izp¿-B≥ ]d-bp∂p: ""BIm-iß
- f
- nepw `qanbn-ep-≈Xpw \n߃°v A√mlp A[o\-s∏-Sp-Øn-Ø-∂n-cn-°p∂p F∂Xpw {]Xy--£hpw ]tcm-£-hp-ambn Ahs‚ A\p-{K-l-߃ \n߃°v \nd-th-‰n-Ø-cnI-bpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂pw \n߃
I≠nt√?''(31:20)
a\p-jy≥ {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ ta[m-hn-Xz-ap≈ Pohn-bm-bX
- n-\m¬ Ah¿ a‰p-≈h
- sc
Io-gvs]-SpØn Pohn-°p∂p F∂ `u-XnI-ho£-W-amWv icn-sb-¶n¬ a\p-jy¿

{]Ir-Xn-bn¬ C√m-Xm-bm¬ a‰v Pohn-Iƒ
`qan-bn¬ h¿[n-°p-I-bmWv th≠-Xv.
F¶n¬ AXv icn-bmtWm F∂v ]cn-tim[n-°mw.
DZm-lc
- W
- a
- mbn a\p-jy¿ C√m-Xm-bm¬ a\p-jy¿ BSp-Isf Adp-°p-I-bn-√.
A-Xn-\m¬ BSp-Iƒ s]cp-Iptam? icnbmWv BZy-Øn¬ BSp-Iƒ s]cp-Ipw.
F-∂m¬ BSp-Isf kwc-£n-°m≥ a\pjy¿ C√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ ]penbpw sN∂mbbpw knwl-hp-sa√mw \m´n¬ hn-ekpw˛B-Sp-Isf Xn∂v \in-∏n-°pw. am{Xa-√ BSp-Iƒ°v `£Ww sImSp-°m≥
a\p-jy¿ C√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ BSp-Iƒ°v
FØn-∏n-Sn-°m-hp∂ Db-cØ
- n-ep≈ F√m
ac-ßfpw Xn∂v Xocpw. apI-fn¬ ]d™
c-≠p-co-Xn-bnepw BSp-IfpsS hwiw \in-°pw.
\ntXy\ temIØv iX-tIm-Sn-°-W°n\v a’y-ßsf a\p-jy¿ ]nSn-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. a\p-jy¿ Cs√-¶n¬ IS-en¬ a’y-߃ s]cpIn s]cpIn \o¥m≥
ÿ-ew In´msX, `£Ww In´m-sX, HmIvk
- n-P≥ th≠{X In´msX a’y-ßf
- psS
]cn-ÿnXn k¥p-en-Xm-hÿ sX‰p-Ibpw
h¿K\miw kw`-hn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. ]s£ a\pjy{]h¿Ø-\ß
- ƒ Aan-Xa
- mbn
{]-Ir-Xnsb \in-∏n-°m\pw ]mSn√ F∂v
A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. ""BIm-isØ A-h≥ Db¿Øp-Ibpw (]-cn-ÿn-Xn) k¥p-e\-w Ah¿ ÿm]n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn°p-∂p. \n߃ Xpe-\-Øn¬ {Ia-t°Sv
h-cp-Øm-Xn-cn-°m≥ th≠n.'' (55:7˛8)
a\p-jy¿°v th≠n Hcp-°nb `qansb

aq∂v h¿jw Irjn sNømsX
H-cp \new Xcn-im-°n-bn-´m¬ Ahn-sS tIdn Irjn sNøp-∂-h¿°v
B `qan ]Xn®v \¬Ip-sa∂v 14-00- h¿j-߃°v apºv `q]-cn-jvIcW {]Jym-]\w \S-Ønb c≠mw
Jeo^ Da¿ hns‚ DØ-c-thmSp- I q- S n cmjv { Sw `£y- c w- K Øv
kzbw-]c- ym-]vXn-bn-te°v FØm≥
A[n-I-Imew th≠n-h-∂n-√.

2013 G{]n¬

35

A{I-a-]-c-ambn \in-∏n-°p∂ a\p-jy¿
AXns‚ ZpcnXw A\p-`-hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn°p-∂p. 1500 tImSn S¨ Im¿_¨ ssU
HmIvsskUv Hmtcm h¿j-Ønepw `qanbn-¬ D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂p. tamt´m¿hm-l\
- ß-fpsS F©n-\p-Iƒ, ^mIvSd
- n-Iƒ XpSßn-bh s]cp-In-bX
- mWv Imc-Ww. A-Xn¬
1000 tImSn S¨ ip≤o-I-cn-°p-∂p. 500
tImSn S¨ an®w hcp-∂p. AXn-\m¬ hmbp--hn¬ NqSv h¿[n-°p-∂p. AXmWv BtKm-f Xm]\w (Global warming)
Ign™ 4000 h¿j-Øn¬˛A-Yhm C{_m-lnw \_n-bpsS Imew apX¬°p≈
G-‰hpw henb NqSmWv Cu h¿jw BtKm-f-X-e-Øn¬ A\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂Xv F∂mWv \yqtbm¿°n¬ k¿∆-I-em-im-emX-eØ
- n¬ \S∂ Hcp `ua-imkv{X ]T\w
]pd-Øp-hn´ IW-°v.
A‚m¿´n-°b
- n-sebpw lnam-ebw t]mep-≈ ]¿∆Xßfnse a™v AXn-th-KX-bn¬ Dcp-In-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Cßs\ \o≠p-t]m-bm¬ temI-Ønse IS-¬hn-Xm\w Db-cp-Ibpw an° Zzo]p-Ifpw
IS¬Øoc \K-c-ßfpw {ItaW sh≈Øn-em-hp-Ibpw sNøpsa∂ ImcyØn¬
k-wiban√.
]cnÿnXn kwcw-£Ww ˛{]-hm-NI \n¿-tZ- i
- ß
- ƒ
apAvØ bp≤-Øn-te°v ssk\y-sØ
]d-™b
- °
- p-tºmƒ \nc-]c
- m-[n-Isf sIm√-cp-sX∂pw hr£-߃ \in-∏n-°-cpsX∂pw {]hm-NI
- ≥ Ahsc D]-tZ-in-®p.
Izp¿-B≥ 7:56epw 85epw `qan-bpsS ip≤n
\-in-∏n-°c
- p-sX∂v a\p-jy-tcmSv I¬-]n-®-

Xv Iem-]a
- p-≠m-°c
- p-sX∂v am{X-a√ `qanbpsS {]IrXn XI¿°-cp-sX∂v IqSn-bmWv. A\m-h-iy-ambn Hcp ]£nsb sIm∂m¬ "\mYm Cu a\p-jy≥ A\m-h-iyam-bn Fs∂ sIm∂p; Fs∂ `£n-®n√'
F∂v B ]£n A√m-lp-thmSv ]cm-Xn
]-dbpsa∂v lZoYn¬ ImWmw.
Bsc-¶nepw ac-߃ \´m¬ A-Xn-¬\n-∂v a\p-jy-cpw ]£n-I-fpw ]g-߃ `£-n°
- p∂Xn\pw XW¬ A\p-`h
- n-°p∂Xn-\p-sa√mw AXv \´-h\v A√m-lp-hn¬\n-∂v {]Xn-^ew e`n-°pw. Ckvem-anI
ho£-W-Øn¬ `qan a\p-jy-t‚-X-√. A√m-lp-hn-t‚-Xm-Wv. `qan \ap°v \ymb-ambn A\p-`-hn-°m≥ X∂-Xm-Wv. `qan-bn¬
\y-mb-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ G¬]-n°
- s
- ∏´ ssIIm-cy-I¿Øm-°ƒ am{X-amWv `qanbn-se a\p-jy¿. DS-a-I-f-√.
aq∂v h¿jw Irjn sNømsX Hcp
\n-ew Xcn-im-°n-bn-´m¬ AhnsS tIdn
Irjn sNøp-∂-h¿°v B `qan ]Xn®v \¬-Ip-sa∂v 1400 h¿j-߃°v apºv `q]cn-jvIc
- W {]Jym-]\w \S-Ønb c≠mw
Jeo^ Da¿ hns‚ DØ-c-thm-Sp-IqSn
cm-j{v Sw `£y-cw-KØv kzbw]cym-]X
v n-bnte-°v FØm≥ A[n-I-Imew th≠n-h∂n-√.
`qansb \√-\n-eb
- n¬ ]cn-]m-en®v AXn-¬\n∂v \ymb-amb cq]-Øn¬ `£yhn-`h
- ß
- ƒ D¬∏m-Zn-∏n-°m≥ Hcp-ßn-bm¬
temI-Øn¬ F{X-tImSn P\-߃ s]cpIn-bmepw P\-kwJy hnkvt^m-S-\sØ
`-b-s∏-tS-≠-Xn-s√∂pw F√m-h¿°p-ap≈ `-£Ww `qan-bn¬ Xs∂ D≠m-hp-sa-

2013 G{]n¬

36

Ckv e m- a nI ho£- W - Ø n\p≈ am\- h nI ]cn- ÿ nXn
imkv { X- a mWv {]]- © - Ø nse
kXyw F∂ hnhcw Adn-bm-ØXv
sIm≠mWv temIw P\-kwJym
h¿[- \ - h ns\ `b- s ∏- S p- ∂ - X v .
ssN\bpw C¥ybpw P\- k wJysb `b-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ tkmhn-b‰v
bqWn-b≥ k¿°m¿ \ne-\n-∂ncp∂ ImeØv Ggv a°- f p≈
IpSpw-_-\m-Y\v Hcp Im¿ \¬In
t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

∂pw `q-an-bpsS DS-aÿ
\
- mb A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p.
""AXn¬ `qan-bn¬ Ah≥ AXns‚
D]-cn-`m-KØv Dd®v \n¬°p∂ ]¿∆-X߃ ÿm]n-°p-Ibpw AXn¬ A`n-hr≤n-bp-≠m-°p-Ibpw AXnse Blm-cß
- ƒ Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿°v (tX-Sn-∏n-Sn-°p∂-h¿°v) icn-bmb A\p-]m-X-Øn¬
hyh-ÿs
- ∏-Sp-Øn-sh-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn°p-∂p.''
Ckvem-anI ho£-W-Øn-\p≈ am\hnI ]cn-ÿnXn imkv{X-amWv {]]-©Øn-se kXyw F∂ hnhcw Adn-bm-ØXv sIm≠mWv temIw P\-kwJym h¿[\-hns\ `b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. ssN\bpw C¥ybpw P\-kw-Jysb `b-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b≥ k¿°m¿ \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂
ImeØv Ggv a°-fp≈ IpSpw-_-\m-Y\v
Hcp Im¿ \¬In t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-Ib
- mbn-cp-∂p.
`t£ym-Xv]m-Z\w 2+2=4, 4+4=8, 8+8=16
F∂ tXmXnepw P\-kwJy 2X2=4, 4X4=16
F∂ KpWnX cq]-Øn-ep-amWv s]cp-Ip∂-Xv, AXn-\m¬ P\-kwJy \nb-{¥n-®ns√-¶n¬ a\p-jy¿ ]´n-Wn-bn-emhpw F∂
kn≤m¥w XnI™ Adn-hn-√m-ba
v bpw hnUvVn-Øh
- p-am-W.v s]m≥ap-´b
- n-Sp∂ Xmdmhn-s\ AdpØ hnUvVnsb t]mse \mw
Hcn-°epamh-cp-Xv.

IqSn-°mgvN

_Z¿ bp≤-th-f-bn¬ apkvenw-Iƒ Pbn-®Xv amem-J-am-cpsS klm-b-tØm-sS-bm-sW∂v a\- n-em°m≥ Ign-™p. a\p-jy-kr-jvSn-Iƒ XΩn-ep≈ kwL-´-\-Øn¬ ssZhw CXc krjvSn-Isf sh®v
klm-bn-°p-∂Xv Fßns\ AwKo-I-cn-°m≥ Ignbpw?
˛A-cpW tImgn-t°mSv

P\-ß-fpsS AwKo-Imcw B{K-ln-°p∂ km-l n--X y- Imc≥am-scbpw Iem-Im-c≥am-scbpw t]mse-tbm, Ah-cpsS
thm´n-\p-th≠n ImØn-cn-°p-∂ cmjv{So-b°
- m-sc-t∏m-setbm
BWv ssZhsØ tNmZy-I¿Ømhv IW-°m-°n-bs
- X∂v tXm∂p-∂p. ""\ns‚ c£n-Xmhv Xm≥ Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv krjvSn-°pIbpw (C-jvS-ap-≈-Xv) sXc-s™-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.
Ah¿°v sXc- s ™- S p- ° m- ≥ A¿l- X - b n- √ . A√mlp
F{Xtbm ]cn-ip-≤\pw A-h¿ ]¶v tN¿°p-∂X
- n-s\√mw AXoX\pw B-bn-cn-°p-∂p'' (Izp¿-B≥ 28:68)
bp≤w \S-∂mepw Cs√-¶nepw a\p-jy-sc-sb-√mw Ah-cpsS
2013 G{]n¬

Ah-[n-sb-Øp-tºmƒ acn-∏n-°p∂ tPm-en A√mlp G¬∏n®n-´p-≈Xv ae-°p-Is
- f-bm-W.v ""]d-bpI: \nß-fpsS Imcy-Øn¬
G-¬]n-°s
- ∏´ ac-WØ
- ns‚ ae°v \nßsf acn--∏n- °pw. ]n-∂oSv \nß-fpsS c£n-Xm-hn-¶t- e°v aS-°s
- ∏-Spw-'' (Izp¿-B≥ 32:11-)""B A{I-an-Iƒ ac-W-sh-{]m-f-Øn-embncn-°p-∂ cwKw
\o I≠n-cp-s∂-¶n¬! \n߃ \nß-fp-sS Bflm-°sf ]pdØn-d°q F∂v ]d-™p-sIm-≠v ae-°p-Iƒ Ah-cpsS t\sc
Xß-fpsS ssI-Iƒ \o´n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bmWv'' (Izp¿-B≥
6:93) Bscms° AwKo-I-cn-®mepw Cs√-¶nepw A-√m-lphns‚ \S-]-Sn-{Iaw \nd-th-‰pI Xs∂ sNøpw.
37

bp≤-sØ-°p-dn®v ]cm-a¿in-°p-∂n-S-sØ√mw hmfpw ]cn-Nbpw Aºpw IpXn-c-bp-sa-√m-amWv
Izp¿B≥ bpt≤m-]-I-c-W-ß-fmbn ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. 1400 h¿jw apºp≈ tKm{X kwL-´-\Øns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ \n∂v ]pdØv IS-°m≥ Izp¿-B\n\v Ign-bp-∂n-s√-∂t√ CXn¬\n-s∂√mw
hy‡-am-Ip-∂Xv?
˛tXm-akv tIm∂n

hmfn-s\bpw ]cn-N-sbbpw Ipdn-°p∂ ]Z-߃ Izp¿-B\n¬ {]tbmKn-®n-´n-√. F∂m¬ Igp-Øp-Iƒ°p-aosX sh´ns°m-≈m≥ ae-°p-Iƒ°v A√mlp \n¿tZiw \¬In-bX
- mbn
8:12 kq‡-Øn¬ ImWmw. _Zvdn¬ t_mw_n-Sm-\mWv \n¿tZin-®n-cp-∂-sX-¶n¬ kXy-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ°pw kXy-\n-tj-[nIƒ°pw Hcp-t]mse \mi-\-jvS-߃ kw-`-hn-°p-am-bn-cp-∂t√m. Aºp-Iƒ F∂¿Y-ap≈ "A-kvemw' F∂ ]Zw Izp¿B-\n¬ (5:3) {]tbm-Kn-®n-´p-s≠-¶nepw AXv `mKyw ]co-£n°m≥ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp∂ Aºp-Isf Ipdn-°m-\m-Wv. ]S-°pXn-cI
- s
- f-°p-dn®v Izp¿B\n¬ ]cm-a¿in-®n-´p-≠v F∂Xv icn-

bm-Wv. B[p-\nI-Im-e-Øpw ]e \mSp-I-fn¬ IpXn-c-∏-´m-f-ap≠-t√m. ]S-b¶n \n¿amWw Zm-hqZv \_nsb A√mlp
]Tn-∏n-®p-sh∂v Izp-¿B\n¬ (21:80) ]d-™n-´p-≠v. F∂m¬
apkvenw-Iƒ F°m-eØpw bp≤-Øn-\n-d-ßp-tºmƒ ]S-b-¶n
[cn-°-W-sa∂v Izp¿B\n¬ I¬]n-®n-´n-√. B-bp-[-߃
F∂¿Y-ap≈ "Akvenl:' F∂ ]Zw hn-ip≤ Izp¿-B\
- nse
\memw A[ym-bØ
- n¬ \m-ep-Xh
- W {]tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≠v. {]mNo\hpw B[p-\nI-hp-amb F√m hn[ Bbp-[-ßsf Ipdn-°m\pw A-d_n `mj-bn¬ "Akvenl' F∂ ]Zw Xs∂-bmWv
{]-tbm-Kn-°m-dp-≈X
- v.

Izp¿-B≥ ]d-bp∂ A√m-lphpw ]nimNpw Hcmƒ Xs∂-bm-sW∂v AXnse hN-\-߃ Hcmh¿Øn hmbn-®m¬ t_m[y-s∏-Spw. GXm\pw sXfn-hp-Iƒ Xmsg sImSp-°p-∂p: 1. ""]nimNv kXy-\ntj-[n-Isf \c-IØ
- n-te°v \bn°pw'' (31:21) ""A√mlp kXy-\n-tj-[n-Isf \c-IØ
- n-te°v \bn°pw''
(19:86, 4:169) 2. ""]nimNv a\p-jysc ]n∂n-eqsS hebw sNøpw'' (7:17) ""A√mlp a\p-jysc ]n∂neq-sS hebw sNøpw'' (85:20) 3. ""]nimNv Xs‚ Zmk≥am¿°p-th≠n i{Xp-°sf `b-s∏-SpØpw''
(3:175) ""A√mlp Xs‚ Zmk≥am¿°p-th≠n i{Xp-°sf `b-s∏-SpØpw'' (3:151) CXn\v ]pdsa ad∏n-°p∂ Imcy-Ønepw (6:68/74:56) IpX{¥w {]tbm-Kn-°p∂ hnj-b-Ønepw (4:76/6:123) bp≤w
sNøp∂ Imcy-Ønep(4:76/4:84)sa√mw Cu kam-\-X-Iƒ ImWmw. CXn¬\n-s∂√mw a\- n-em-Ip∂Xv Izp-¿-B-\n¬ ]d-™n-cn-°p∂ A√m-lphpw AXn¬ Xs∂ a\p-jy-cpsS i{Xp-hmbn hni-Zo-Icn-°p∂ ]n-im-Npw H∂p Xs∂-bm-sW-∂t√? Aßs\ t\m°p-tºmƒ Cu Izp¿B\-S°w Hcp
ss]im-NnI th-eb
- t√?
˛tb-ip-Zm-k≥

\c-Ii
- n-£bv°v \nan-Øa
- m-Ip∂ sX‰mb hn-izm-kß
- fpw
I¿a-ßfpw kzoI-cn-°m≥ a\p-jysc t{]cn-∏n-°p∂Xv ]nimNm-Wv. F∂m¬ \c-IØ
- n-≥ta¬ ]nim-Nn\v bmsXmcp A[nIm-c-hp-an-√. A-√m-lp-hmWv kz¿K-Øn-s‚bpw \c-I-Øns‚bpw A[n-]≥. Ah≥ Xocp-am-\n-°p-∂-hsc Ah≥ \cIØnte°v Ab-°p--∂p. hn{K-lm-cm-[-\bv°pw hy`n-Nm-cØn-\pw aZy-]m-\-Øn\pw t{]cn-∏n-°p∂ Iq´p-Im-sc-°p-dn®v
Ah¿ \c-I-Øn-te°v \bn-°p∂p F∂v ]d-bm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.
AXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ A√m-lphpw Iq´p-Imcpw H∂pX-s∂-bmsW∂v kmam-\y-_p-≤n-bp≈ Bcpw ]d-bm-\n-Sb
- n-√.
7:17 kq‡-Øn¬ ]d-™n-´p-≈Xv, a\p-jy-sc hgn-sX-‰n°m≥ th≠n Ah-cpsS ap-≥]n≥, C-S-Xv, heXv hi-ß-fneqsS Xm≥ Ah-cpsS ASpØv sN-√p-sa∂v ]nimNv {]kvXmhn-® Imcy-am-Wv. 85:20¬ ]d-™n-´p-≈Xv A√mlp F√m h2013 G{]n¬

i-ß-fn-eq-sSbpw a\p-jy-cpsS ASpØv sN√p-sa-∂√; a\pjy-cpsS `mhn kw_-‘n® F√m Imcy-ßfpw A-√mlp ]q¿W-ambn Adn-bp-sa-∂m-W.v Cu kq-‡ß
- f
- psS \º¿ {_m°‰n-en-´p-sIm≠v A√m-lp-hpw ]nimNpw H∂m-sW-∂v ]d-bp∂
BfpsS ta-¬ ]nimNv B[n-]-Xyw ÿm]n-®n-cn-°p∂p F∂-mWv {Kln-°m-hp-∂X
- v.
3:175 kq‡-Øn¬ ]cn-`mj C{]-Im-c-am-Wv: ""AXv (\nß-sf t]Sn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-®Xv) ]n-imNv am{X-am-Ip-∂p. Ah≥
Xs‚ an{X-ßs
- f-°p-dn®v (\n-ßs
- f) `b-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ib
- m-Wv. AXn-\m¬ \n-ß-sf Ahsc `b-s∏-SmsX Fs∂ `b-s∏-SpI;
\n-߃ kXy-hn-izm-kn-If
- m-sW-¶n¬''. ]nim-Nn-s\bpw Iq´mfn-I-sfbpw `b-s∏-S-cp-sX∂pw Fs∂-bm-Wv \n߃ `b-s∏tS-≠s
- X∂pw A√mlp D-Zt-v _m-[n-∏n-°p∂ Cu kq‡w, A√mlphpw ]n-im-Npw H∂m-sW∂v ÿm]n-°m≥ sXfn-hm-°p-∂Xv
38

]n-im-Nns‚ Zp¿t_m-[-\-Øns‚ `mKw Xs∂-bmWv A√mlp-thm-Sp≈ _m[y-X-sb-°p-dn®v hnkva-cn-∏n-°¬. 74:56 kq‡-Øn¬ ]d-™n-´p-≈Xv a\p-jy-cpsS Hm¿a-i‡n A√mlp-hns‚ lnX-Øn\v hnt[-b-am-sW-∂m-Wv. a\p-jy-Po-hn-XØns‚ GXv Awihpw A√mlp kwhn-[m-\n-®-Xm-Wv. B
Iq-´-Øn¬ s]´Xv Xs∂-bmWv a\p-jy-s‚ Hm¿a-i-‡n. A√mlp \n›-bn® hyh-ÿb
- \
- p-kc
- n®mWv akvXnjvI tImi߃ {]-h¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv. Nn¥bpw Hm¿a-bp-sa√mw ssZhn-Iam-b C—bv°pw \nb-{¥-W-Øn\pw hnt[-b-am-sW-∂v ]d-bp∂-Xpw, ]nimNv ssZh-kva-cW \jvS-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Zp¿t_m[\ØneqsS {ian-°p-sa∂v ]d-bp-∂Xpw XΩn¬ bmsXmcp
ssh-cp[yhpw C√. A-√m-lphpw ]nimNpw H∂m-sW∂ hmZØn-\v Cu kq‡-ß-fn¬ sXfn-shm-∂p-an-√.
X{¥w IpX-{¥-am-Ip-∂Xv ]nimNv {]tbm-Kn-°p-tºm-gmWv. A√mlp {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv icnbpw \ymb-hp-amb X{¥am-Wv. 4:76¬ ]d-™n-´p-≈Xv k-Xy-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ sNøp∂
bp≤w A√m-lp-hns‚ am¿K-Ønepw kXy-\n-tj-[n-Iƒ bp≤w
sN-øp-∂Xv Zpx»-‡n-If
- psS am¿K-Ønepw BsW-∂m-W.v Zpx»‡n-Iƒ ]nim-Nns‚ Iq´m-fn-If
- m-sW∂pw Cu kq‡-Øn-¬\n-∂v hy‡-am-Ip-∂p. 4:84epw kam-\-amb Bibw Xs∂bm-Wp-≈-Xv. ]nimNv A√m-lp-hns‚ i{Xp-hm-sW∂v sXfnbn-°p∂ Cu kq‡-߃ A√m-lphpw ]nimNpw H∂m-sW∂-Xn-\v sXfn-hm-°p-∂Xv Hcp ss]im-NnI IpX-{¥-am-Imt\
Xc-ap-≈p.

ku-P-\-yw-!--

h√m-sØmcp sshNn{Xyw Xs∂-bm-Ip-∂p. 3:151 kq-‡Ø
- n¬
"Xs‚ Zmk≥am¿°p-th≠n' F-∂¿-Ya-- p≈ hmt°m "i{Xp°sf' F∂¿Y-ap≈ hm-t°m C√. Cu kq‡-Øns‚ icnbmb ]cn-`mj C-{]-Im-c-am-Ip-∂p.
""kXy-\n-tj-[n-I-fpsS a\- p-I-fn¬ \mw `bw C-´p-sImSp-°pw. A√mlp bmsXmcp {]am-Whpw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´n-√mØ hkvXp-°sf Ah-t\mSv ]¶p-tN¿Ø-Xns‚ ^e-am-WXv. \c-I-amWv Ah-cp-sS kt¶-Xw. A{I-an-I-fpsS ]m¿∏nSw
F-{X tamiw'' Cu kq‡-Øn¬ hfsc ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-am-b
Hcp hkvXp-X-bmWv hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p-≈-Xv. AXm-bXv ]e
tZho-tZ-h≥am-scbpw ]pWy-hm-f≥am-scbpw kn≤≥am-scbpw
`qX-t{]-Xm-Zn-Is
- fbpw Bcm-[n-°p-Ibpw {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-h-cpsS a\- n¬ kZm `b-am-bn-cn-°pw; Ch-cn¬ Bscm-s° {]km-Zn-°p-sa∂pw i]n-°p-sa∂pw Adn-bm≥ Ignbm-Ø-Xns‚ t]cn¬. IWn-i-amb GIssZh hnizmkw a\ n¬ cqV-aq-e-am-bn-´p-≈-h¿ A√mlp A√mØ Bscbpw
bmsXm-∂n-s\-bpw `b-s∏-Sm-ØX
- n-\m¬ Ah-cpsS a\ v kZm
`-b-ap-‡-am-bn-cn-°pw. A√m-lphpw ]nimNpw H∂m-sW∂
hm-Z-Øn\v Cu kq‡-Ønepw bmsXmcp sXfn-hp-an-√.
A√m-lp-shbpw Ahs‚ ZrjvSm-¥-ß-sfbpw ]cn-l-kn°p-∂ Bfp-I-tfm-sSm∏w kt¥m-j-]q-¿-hw Ccn-°m≥ ]mSn√. AXv tI´m¬ kXy-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ Ahn-sS-\n∂v Xncn-™pI-fb
- W
- w. Cu _m[y-Xs
- b-°p-dn®v hnkvac
- n-∏n-°m≥ ]nimNv
{i-an-°p-sa-∂mWv 6:68 kq‡-Øn¬\n∂v {Kln-°m-hp-∂-Xv.

ap-kv-enw-I-f-√m-Ø- G-Xm-\p-w- t]¿-°v- am-{X-wB-Zyw- A-t]-£n-°p-∂- G-Xm-\pw- A-ap-kv-enw-Iƒ-°v- H-cp- h¿-j-tØ°v- P-p-ss_¬C-¥y≥- C-kv-em-lo- sk‚¿- kv-t\-l-kw-hm-Z-w- am-kn-I- kuP-\y-am-bn- A-b-®p
sIm-Sp-°p-∂p-.- D-S≥- _-‘-s∏-Sp-I-:jubail@nicheoftruth.org
A-s√-¶n-¬SnehaSamvadam Monthly

P.B. No:1981, Vyttila, Kochi-19, Tel: 0484 2301275

2013 G{]n¬

39

A\p`hw

Iq´pImcn Is≠Ønb
hgnbneqsS...
kzmenl ^mØna

lnµpaX hnizmkmNmcßfpw A\pjvT
- m-\ßfpw IWniambn BNcn®pw ]men-®pw t]m∂ IpSpw_ØnemWv Rm≥
]n-d∂Xv. sIm®pIp´nbmbncn°ptºmƒ Xs∂ Hmtcm kabØpw aplq¿-Ø-ßfnepw A\pjvTnt°≠Xpw BNcnt°-≠Xp-amb I¿aßfpw DcphntS≠ a{¥-ßfpw A—≥ Xs∂ sNm√nØ∂v Fs∂
a-\x-]m-Tam°n X∂ncp∂p. A£-cm-¿-YØn-¬ Xs∂ Ahsb√mw PohnXØn-epS\o-fw Rm≥ ]men®pt]mcpIbpw sN-bX
-v p.
hf¿∂v hepXmhpIbpw Imcy߃
Iq-SpX¬ ]Tn°m\pw a\ nem°m\pw XpSßnbtXmsS Xs‚ hnizmkØn¬ H-t´sd A]mIXIfnt√sb∂v Rm≥ kw-ib
- n®pXpSßn. thZßfpw D]\n-jØ
- p-°f
- pw
A-S°w hnizmkm[njvTnXamb {KŸ-߃ hmbn°m\pw ]Tn°m\pw [m-cm-fw Ah-kcap≈ IpSpw_hpw Np‰p-]m-Spambncp-∂p Ft‚Xv. Ahbn¬ \n-s∂m-s° e`n-® AdnhpIƒ hf¿∂p hn-I-kn®p-hcp-∂ Fs‚ Nn¥Itfbpw a\- n-t\bpw
Iq-SpX¬ kwibßfnte°pw AkzÿXbnte°pw X≈nhnSp-Ib
- m-bn-cp∂p.
hnhn[ tZh∑mcptSbpw tZhnamcptSbpw {]oXn°mbn kvtXm{Xßfpw a{¥ß-fpw Dcphn´v {]m¿Yn°ptºmgpw Fs‚
hn-izmkw icnbmtWm? C{Xb[nIw ssZh-ßtfm? ChtcmsS√mw Htc kabw Fß-s\ Imcy߃ ]dbm\pw {]m¿Yn°m\pw Ignbpw? AhtbmSp≈ Fs‚ at\m2013 G{]n¬

40

`m-hØnepw {]m¿Y\bnepap≈ G‰°pd-®nepIƒ AhcpsS tIm]Øn-\n-c-bm°p-tam XpSßnb D¬IWvTbpw Aim¥nbp-ambncp∂p F∂n¬ h¿[n∏n®Xv. thZ-{K-Ÿßfn¬ NneXn¬ hn{Klmcm[-\I-ƒ ]Tn∏n°ptºmƒ Xs∂ AXns\ \ncp-¬kmls∏SpØp∂Xpw, ap∏Øn-apt°m-Sn ssZhßtfbpw tZhnamtcbpw
Ipdn®v k¶¬]n°ptºmƒ Xs∂ G-IssZ-htØbpw, B ]c{_“sØ am{Xta ]qPn°mhp F∂p ]dbpIbpw sNøp-∂Xnse sshcp[yw Fs‚ Nn¥Isf
]et∏mgpw th´bmSnbncp∂p. CtXmsS
ln-µpaX{KŸßƒ am{Xw hmbn-°p-Ibpw ]Tn°pIbpw ]Xnhm°nbncp∂ Fs∂ a‰p aXÿcpsS {KŸßfpw hn-izmk-ßfpw ]Tn°p∂hfm°n am‰n. Iq´pImcnIfn¬ \s√mcp hn`mKw {Inkv-X-o-b-cmb-Xn\m¬ AhcpsS ]pkvXIßfpw Bi-b-ßfpambn IqSpX¬ ASp°m\pw ]Tn-°m\pw Ahkcw e`n®p. AtXmsS
{In- k v X ob hnizmk kwlnXbn¬
a\ n\v Bizmkw e`n®pXpSßn. ]t£ CXv A[nIImew \ne\n∂n√.
ss_-_nfnepw Bcm[\NSßpI-fnep-sa√mw [mcmfw sshcp[y߃ Rm≥ Z-¿in-°m≥ XpSßn. hn{Klmcm[\sb FXn-¿Ø ss__nƒ ssIøn¬ ]nSn®p-sIm≠p Xs∂ AhcpsS ]≈nIfn¬ {InkvXp-hnt‚bpw amXmhnt‚bpw ]pWymflm°-fp-tSbpsams° hn{Kl߃ ImWpI-

b-pw Ah¿°p ap∂n¬ {]m¿Yn°p∂Xv
Z-¿in-°pIbpw sNbvXp. AtXmsS Fs‚
aXØnse hn{Klmcm[\bpw ]qPbpsams° ChntSbpw ImWp∂psh¶n¬ Rms\-¥n\v Fs‚ aXhpw IpSpw_hpsams° Dt]£n°Ww F∂ Nn¥ F∂nep-≠mbn. ss__nfnse ]gb, ]pXnb
\n-baßfnse√mw Hcp]mSv sshcp[y-߃ Xncn®dn™tXmsS Rm≥ ho≠pw
AkzÿXbmbn.
]n.Pn ]T\ImeØv Hcp apkvenw kvt\-lnXsb Iq´n\pIn´n. Ahsft∂mSv Ckv-emans\ Ipdn®pw AXnse hnizmkmNm-cßsfIpdn®psams° ]dbpam-bn-cp∂p. ]t£ icnbmb coXnbn¬ AXpƒs°m-≈m≥ Ahƒ a\ v ImWn®n-cp-∂Xp-an√. apkvenwIsf Ipdn®v Fs‚ ImgvN-∏mSv Xo¿Øpw hnIeambncp∂p. {InkvX
- ym-\nIfS°ap≈ CXc aX kl]mTnIsf ImWp∂ IÆpsIm≠mbncp∂n√
Rm≥ apkvenw Ip´nIsf I≠ncp∂Xv.
s]m-Xpsh `oIchmZnIfpw A{IaI-m-cnI-fpw XcwXmWhcpamWv apkvenwIƒ
F∂mbncp∂p Rm≥ ]Tn-®p-sh®ncp∂Xpw Fs‚ ImgvN∏mSpw. kv-{Xo-Iƒ Xmgv∂-hcpw ASnaIfpw kzm-X{¥yw A¿ln-°mØhcpamsW∂ ImgvN∏mSmWv
Ckvemw aØnt‚sX∂pw a‰pap≈ sX‰m-b [mcWIƒ am{Xam-bn-cp-∂p Fs‚
A-Iw \ndsb. AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ Ckvem-ans\ Adnbmt\m ]Tn-°m-t\-m Rm≥ {ian®ncp∂n√. "a\pjy≥ A-dn-bm-ØXns‚ i{XphmsW∂' B]vX
- h
- m-Iyw F¥pam{Xw icnbmsW∂pw C-t∏mƒ Rm≥
Xncn®dnbp∂p.
C°meØv Xs∂ apkvenw Iq´nImcnIfn-¬ \n∂v Ckvemans\ Ipdn®p≈ GI-tZi [mcW F\n°v ]I¿∂pIn´n. AtXm-sS IqSpX¬ Adnbm\pw ]Tn°m-\pap-≈ {iahpw XpSßn. ssZhw AXn\p≈
hgn Ffp∏am°nØcpIbpw sNbvXp. AXn-\nS°v Fs∂ sR´n°pIbpw Aºcn∏n-°pIbpw sNbvX Hcp kw`hw Ad-nbm-\nSbmbn. Fs‚ ASpØ Iq´pImcn
F-\n°p aptº Xs∂ Ckvemw kzoI-cn°p-Ibpw A°mcyw Ahƒ F∂n¬ \n∂pw ad®psh°pIbmbncp∂p F∂p-amW-Xv. lnµp aX Z¿i\߃ "Ie°n-IpSn-°p'Ibpw aXmNmc߃ Nn´tbmsS ]me-n®ncp∂hfpambncp∂p Ahƒ. lnµpa-X-Ønse sshcp[y߃ R߃ X\n®n-cn°ptºmƒ Nq≠n°mWn®m¬ t]mepw Ahsft∂mSv \ockw {]IS-n∏n-°p-

P\n® aXØns‚ t]mcmbvaIƒ Fs∂ izmkw ap´n°ptºmsgms° F\n°v
Hm- I v k nP≥ X∂ncp∂ Fs‚ ASpØ Iq´pImcn lnµpaXw Dt]£n®v
ap- k v e nw aXm\pbmbnbm´ps≠∂ Adnhv F∂n¬ henb Nn¥mam‰Øn\v
C-Sbm°n. hmkvXhadnbm≥ Ct∏mƒ hntZiØp≈ Ahfpambn Rm≥ _-‘s∏-´ p. AhfpsS t{]cW IqSnbmbtXmsS Fs‚ Ckvemante°p≈ am‰w
Ffp∏ambn.
I-bpw tIm]n°pIbpw sNøpambncp∂p.
lnµpaXØns‚ t{ijvTX F∂n¬ IpØn-\nd°m≥ Bthmfw {ian°pIbpw apkve
- nwItfmSv hfsc shdp∏v {]ISn∏n-°pI-bpw sNømdp≠mbncp∂ Ahƒ ln-µpa-X-Øn¬ sshcp[yw tXm∂p∂Xv \ΩpsS _p≤nbn√mbvabpw \ΩpsS A-]-Izam-b a\ ns‚ hnIrXnbpamsW∂mbncp-∂p hnebncpØnbncp∂Xv. P\n® aX-Øns‚ t]mcmbvaIƒ Fs∂ izmkw
ap´n°ptºmsgms° F\n°v HmIvknP≥
X-∂ncp∂ Ahƒ lnµpaXw Xs∂ Dt]-£n®v apkvenw aXm\pbmbn-´p-s≠-∂
Adnhv F∂n¬ henb Nn¥mam-‰-Øn-\v
CSbm°n. hmkvXhadnbm≥ Ct∏mƒ hntZiØp≈ Ahfpambn Rm≥ _-‘s
- ∏´p. AhfpsS t{]cW Iq-Sn-bm-b-tXm-sS
Fs‚ Ckvemante°p≈ am‰w Ffp-∏ambn.
temIsØ apgph≥ a\pjy¿°pambn AhXcn∏n°s∏´ ssZhnI {KŸw
Izp-¿B≥ Fs‚ F√m kwib߃°pw
tNmZy߃°pap≈ DØcambncp∂p.
ssZhØns‚ Ad_n `mjbnep≈ t]cm-Wv A√mlp F∂pw Ah≥ apkvenwI-fptSXv am{Xas√∂pw {]]©Øns‚,
kr-jvSnIfpsS, a\pjyIpeØns‚ apgph-≥ c£nXmhmsW∂pw Rm≥ a\ nem-°n. F√mw tIƒ°p∂h\pw Adnbp∂-h\pw F√mh¿°pw ImcpWyw sNøp∂-h\pw sNdnbhs\t∂m henbh-s\t∂-m BsWt∂m s]sÆt∂m tZi`mj
hyXymkan√msX XßfpsS k¶S߃
]dbm\pw ]cnlmcw tXSm\pw i‡n-bp≈ ImcpWyhm\mb ssZhw Ah≥ am{X-amsW∂pw Rm≥ Xncn®dn™p. \mw
sNøp∂ \∑ Xn∑Iƒ°v AWpØq°w
A-\o-Xnbn√msX IrXyambn {]Xn^ew
\¬Im≥ Ignhp≈h\mWv Ct∏mƒ Rm≥ Is≠Ønbn´p≈ ssZhw F∂ Xnc-n®-dnhv F¥pam{Xw Bizmkhpw kwXr]vX
- nbpw F\n°v \¬Ip∂p. Pohn-XØ
- nep-S\ofw kq£vaX ]pe¿Øm≥ AsX-

2013 G{]n¬

41

s∂ {]m]vXbm°p∂p.
CkvemanImZ¿iw icnbmwhn[w Pohn-XØn¬ ]I¿Øp∂ Ht´sd BfpItf-bpw IpSpw_ßtfbpw F\n°v ]cnNb-s∏Sm\mbn´p≠v. AØcØnep≈ Hcp IpSpw_Øns‚ IqsS H∂n®v Gsd
\m-ƒ Pohn°m\p≈ Ahkchpw F-\n°v e`n®p. A¤pXhpw hnkvabhpw
tXm-∂nb Ht´sd A\p`h߃ B X-ma-kØn\nS°v F\n°p≠mbn. Po-hn-XØnepS\ofw im¥nbpw kam-[m-\-hpw
hm°nepw {]h¿Ønbnepsa√mw kv-t\lhpw ImcpWyhpw, A√mlphns‚ Xr]vXnbpw {]Xn^ehpw am{Xw B-{K-ln®psIm≠p≈ AhcpsS Hmtcm Ne-\h
- pw
Fs∂ F{Xam{Xw kzm[o-\n-®p-sh-∂pw
AhcpsamØv Ign™ Hmtcm Zn\hpw
F¥pam{Xw a[pcXcambn BkzZn-®p-sh∂pw ]d™dnbn°m\mhn√. B ho-´pImcpsS kvt\lhpw s]cpam‰hpsa-√mw
]-ctemIØv A√mlphns‚ Xr]vXnam{X-w Imw£n®psIm≠msW∂ Xncn®dnhv
F-\ns°mcp ]pXnb A\p`hw X-s∂-bmbn-cp∂p. Ckvemans‚ ImgvN∏mSv F¥pam-{Xw hnimehpw am\pjnIhpamsW∂v
A\p`hn®dn™ \mfpIƒ, `qanbnep≈h-tcmSv IcpW ImWn®m¬ BImi-Øp- ≈-h≥ \nßtfmSv ImcpW ImWn-°p-sa∂ {kjvSmhns‚ hmKvZm\-Ønep≈ ZrVam-b hnizmkw, AXmbncp∂p B IpSpw_-sØ \bn°p∂Xv.
A√mlphns‚ A]mcamb A\p{Kl-Øm¬ C∂v Rm≥ ]q¿W kwXr-]vXbm-Wv. kam[m\w \nd™ a\ ns‚ DS-a. F¥p{]iv\hpw AXv F{X hepXpw
k-¶o¿Whpambmepw A√mlphns‚ ap∂n-¬ ssIIƒ \o´nbm¬ ]cnlmcw Dd∏v.
H-∂p-In¬ DS≥ As√¶n¬ ]ctem-IØ
- nse¶nepw D-Øcw e`n°psa∂ Dd∏mb
ZpB sN-øm-≥ Ignbmhp∂ Hchÿ. F{X B-izm-kIcamb kwXr]vXamb Pohn-Xa
- m-Wv apkvenwIfptSXv. CXv a‰m¿°v
e`n°pw `q-anbn¬.

a\p-jy≥ ]ptcm-K-Xn-bn¬\n∂v ]ptcm-K-Xn-bn-te°v IpXn-°p∂p. imkv{Xw, kmln-Xyw, Ie XpS-ßnb k¿h taJ-e-I-fnepw
\ho-\a
- mb ]cy-th-jW
- ß
- fpw \qX-\a
- mb Bi-bß
- fpw ÿm\w
]nSn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. imkv{X-temIw Ip‰-a-‰-sX∂v hn[n-sb-gpXnb H´\h[n kn≤m-¥-߃ ]pXnb Adn-hn-s‚bpw kmt¶-Xn-Ian-Ih
- n-s‚bpw {]mtbm-KnI A\p-`h
- ß
- f
- p-sSbpw shfn-®Ø
- n¬ A]{K-Yn-®t∏mƒ Ahsb√mw Dul-ßfpw `mh-\-Ifpw am{X-am-bn-cp∂p-sh∂v B[p-\nI imkv{Xw hn[n-sb-gp-Xn. a\p-jys‚ Nn¥bpw
`mh-\bpw AXXv Ime-L-´-Øn\pw kmaq-ly-Np-‰p-]m-Sp-Iƒ°pw
hnt[-b-am-bmWv cq]-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. F∂pw AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ a\pjy-\n-K-a-\-߃ \qdv iX-am-\hpw kXy-am-hpI km[y-a-s√∂Xv
A¿Y-i-¶-°n-S-an-√m-Ø-hn[w hy‡-am-Wv. Cu bmYm¿Yyw hn\o-

A¬Øm^v AΩm´n°p∂v

hn{Klmcm[\bpw Ckvemans‚ \ne]mSpw

2013 G{]n¬

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X-ambn AwKo-Ic
- n-°p-Ibpw a\p-jys‚ \nk-lmb-Xbpw ssZh-Øns‚ A\-¥-amb Ign-hp-Ifpw
Dƒs°m-≈p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xn\v ]Icw X\n°v
Xm≥ Xs∂ aXn-bm-b-h-\m-sW∂pw \∑bpw
Xn∑bpw kZm-Nmc acym-Z-Ifpw \n¿[m-cWw sNøm-≥ B[p-\n-Ia
- mb hn⁄m-\o-bß
- ƒ ]cym-]X
v am-sW∂pw B[p-\nI a\p-jy-cn¬ `qcn-`m-Khpw
ZrVambn hniz-kn-°p-∂p. ka-Im-enI temIØv
\-S-°p∂ Xn∑-Ifpw AXn-{I-a-ßfpw AXn-\pt\sc temI-Ønse hyXykvX \nb-a-ßfpw `cW-{I-aß
- fpw kzoI-cn®v t]mcp∂ kao-]\
- ß
- fpw
AXmWv hy‡-am-°p-∂X
- v.
\mK-cn-Ia
- mb a\p-jys‚ ]ptcm-KX
- nbpw hnhc-km-t¶-Xn-I-hn-Zy-bpsS A`q-X-]q¿h-amb h-f-¿®bpw sNdnb Xn∑-bn- ¬\n∂v t]mepw a\p-jys\
am\-kn-Ia
- mbn ]n¥n-cn-∏n-°m≥ ]cym-]vXa
- √
- . AXp-sIm≠v imkv{XtemI-Øn\pw kmt¶-XnI anIhn\pw ]pdw-Xn-cn-™v \n∂v AØcw kt¶-X-ßsf ]q¿W-am-bn \ncm-Ic
- n-°W
- s
- a-∂√ ]d™v hcp-∂-Xv. Ime-L-´-Øn¬ Pohn-°m-\m-h-iy-amb
hkvXp-°fpw b{¥-km-a-{Kn-Ifpw hnI-kn-∏n-°p∂-Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ ap≥Iq-´n-bp≈ Cuizc \n›b-am-sW-∂mWv Ckvem-anI hnizm-kw. Izp¿B≥
Ah-X-cn-°p∂ ImeØv \mK-cnI hf¿®-bpsS
h-enb AS-bm-f-am-bn-cp∂ I∏-ep-Isf A√m-lphns‚ ZrjvSm-¥-am-bmWv Izp¿B≥ ]cn-N-b-s∏Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ AXXv Ime-L´-ß-fnse `uXnI kt¶-X-߃ D]-tbm-K-s∏-SpØn G‰hpw sa®-amb PohnXw \bn-°p-∂-Xn\v
C-kvemw Hcp-Im-eØpw XS w \n∂n-´n-√. `uXnI-amb CØcw hnj-bß
- f
- psS KpW-t`m-‡m-°ƒ
kIe a\p-jy-cp-am-Wv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ C-Øcw Adn-hp-Ifpw Kth-jW
- ]
- m-Sh
- ß
- fpw A√mlp
\¬Ip-∂Xv aX-hn-izm-k-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øne-√.
a\p-jys‚ kZm-Nmc ]cn-]m-e-\tam [¿am-[¿-a-ßtfm hnth-Nn-°mt\m hni-Zo-I-cn-°mt\m
AXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Ø
- n-ep≈ \nb-aß
- ƒ \n¿an-

°m-t\m a\pjy]ptcm-K-Xn°v Ign-bn-s√∂v a-\p-jy]ptcm-KXn-bpsS BXy-¥n-Ia
- mb Imc-W°
- m-c\
- mb {kjvSm-hn\v Adnbm-hp-∂Xv sIm≠v ÿe-Ime ]cn-an-Xn-Iƒ°-Xo-X-amb
ss\XnI [m¿anI kZm-Nm-c-aqey hyh-ÿ-Iƒ Imem-Im-eß-fn¬ {]hm-NI
- h
- c
- y≥amsc a\p-jy-cn¬\n∂v Xnc-s™-SpØv
\ntbm-Kn-®p-sIm≠v a\p-jy-hw-i-Øn\v ]Tn-∏n®v sImSp-Øp.
ssZhnI \nb-aß
- f
- psS {]mtbm-KnI amXrIIfm-bn-cp∂p {]hmN-I≥am¿. Pohn-X-Øn-sem-cn-°epw Ifhv ]d-bp-Itbm
A\ysc NXn-°p-Itbm sNømsX Pohn® {]hm-N-I≥am¿
Pohn-X-Øn-ep-S-\ofw ]d-™Xv kXyw am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp
e£-Øn-e-[nIw {]hm-N-I≥am¿ `qan-bpsS hyXykvX `mKß-fn¬ ssZh ktµ-i-hp-ambn \ntbm-Kn-°-s∏-´p. a\p-jy-PohnXw ac-Wt- ØmsS c£m-˛i
- n-£I
- ƒ ]c-tem-IØv h®v e`n°p-sa∂pw {]hm-NI
- ≥am¿ P\-ßsf Xm°oXv sNbvXp. a\pjysc D∂-Xcpw Xmgv∂-hcpambn {]hm-N-I≥am¿ hn`-Pn-®ncp-∂n-√.
a\p-jy¿ Cl-tem-I-Ønepw ]c-tem-I-Ønepw thZ-\n°p-∂Xpw IjvS-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw Ah¿°v Ak-l-\o-b-am-bn-cp∂p. A¥y-{]-hm-NI
- \
- mb apl-ΩZv \_n  At±-ls
- Øbpw
{]t_m-[nX kaq-l-sØbpw D]-an-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv ImWpI:
""Rm≥ Hcp Xo°p-WvTm-c-Øn\v kao]w \n¬°p∂ Hcphs\t∏mse-bmWv. Xo Poh-\miw hcp-Øp-sa∂v Adn-bmØ
{]mWn-Iƒ Xobn-te°v BI¿jn-°-s∏´v NsØm-Sp-ßp-∂Xns\ XS-bm≥ {]mWn-I-fpsS Duc°v ]nSn®v Rm≥ ]pdtIm´v hen-°p-∂p. Ah-bm-Is´ Fs∂ Ah-K-Wn®v A·nbn-te°v IpXn®p sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p.''
{]hm-N-I≥am-cpsS am\-kn-Im-h-ÿ-bpsS Hcp ]cn-tO-Zam-Wn-Xv. {k„mhn¬\n∂v khn-ti-ja
- mbn e`n® Adn-hns‚
ASn-ÿm-\Ø
- n-emWv {]hm-NI
- ≥am¿ P\-ßt- fmSv kwh-Zn-®Xv. GsXmcp Imcy-Øn-s‚bpw bmYm¿Yyw a\- n-em-Ip-tºmƒ
am{X-amWv \ΩpsS e£yhpw {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw IrXyhpw
Btcm-Ky-I-chpw \n¿am-Wm-fl-I-hp-am-Ip-∂Xv. Hcp hnj-bsØ-°p-dn-®p≈ Ak-Xy-amb ImgvN∏
- mSv A⁄-Xt- b-°mƒ
A]-I-S-am-Wv. DZm-l-c-W-ambn Hcp bm{X-°m-c≥ ]´-W-Øn-

Ime-L-´-Øn¬ Pohn-°m-\m-h-iy-amb hkvXp-°fpw b{¥-km-a{Kn-Ifpw hnI-kn-∏n-°p-∂X
- ns‚ ]n∂n¬ ap≥Iq-´nbp-≈ Cuizc
\n›-b-am-sW-∂mWv Ckvem-anI hnizm-kw. Izp¿B≥ Ah-Xcn-°p∂ ImeØv \mK-cnI hf¿®-bpsS h-enb AS-bm-f-am-bncp∂ I∏-ep-Isf A√m-lp-hns‚ ZrjvSm-¥-am-bmWv Izp¿B≥
]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ AXXv Ime-L-´ß-fnse `uXnI kt¶-Xß
- ƒ D]-tbm-Ks- ∏-SpØn G‰hpw sa®amb PohnXw \bn-°p-∂-Xn\v Ckvemw Hcp-Im-eØpw XS w
\n∂n-´n-√.
2013 G{]n¬

43

te-°p≈ hgn At\z-jn-°p-∂p. Hcmƒ Abmƒ°v
tLmc-h\
- Ø
- n-te-°p≈ hgn ImWn®v ]´-WØ
- nte°v FØn-t®-cp-sa∂v sX‰p[cn-∏n-°p-∂p. B
bm{Xn-Is‚ bm{X F¥v am{Xw A]-IS- I
- c
- a
- m-Wv.
sX‰mb hgn Adn-bp-∂X
- n-t\-°mƒ F{Xtbm t`ZamWv hgn-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ A⁄-X.

GI-ssZh hnizmkw sslµh Z¿i-\-ß-fn¬

a\p-jys‚ Pohn-X-hn-P-b-Øns‚ hgn GIssZh hnizm-khpw AXn-\-\p-kr-X-amb I¿a-]≤-Xn-bp-am-Wv. _lp-ssZh hnizm-k-am-Is´ Hcn°-epw ]cn-lc
- n-°m-\m-hmØ ]cm-Pb
- Ø
- n-te-°mWv a\p-jys\ sIms≠-Øn-°p-I. tLmc-h\
- Ø
- nte-s°-Øp∂ am¿K-Øn-eqsS hgn sX‰n-°-s∏´
bm{Xn-I≥ Xs‚ bm{X-°n-Sb
- n¬ AXns‚ HSp-hn¬ hcm-\n-cn-°p∂ A]-ISw Is≠∂v hcn-√. bm{X Ah-km-\n-°p-tºmƒ Xm≥ NXn-°s
- ∏´ kXyw
Adn-™Xv sIm≠v bm{Xn-I\v {]tbm-P\
- h
- p-an-√.
At∏m-tg°pw h\y-ar-Kß
- f
- psS B{IaWØnt\m
Xmgv∂p-t]m-Ip∂ NXp-∏p-Iƒ°n-Sb
- ntem Abmƒ
A-Is
- ∏-´n-cn-°pw.

(Cu BZn-Xys\ C{µ-s\∂v ]d-bp-∂p, an{X-s\∂v ]dbp-∂p, A·n-sb∂v ]d-bp-∂p. ]ns∂ tZymhn-ep-≠mb kp]X-\mb KcpU-s\∂pw ]d-bp-∂p. hmkvX-h-am-bXv Ht∂-bp≈p. tZh-Xm-XØ
- z-hn-Øp-°f
- mb ]e-Xmbn ]d-bp∂p; A·nbmbpw ba-\mbpw hmbp-hm-bpw.)

""C{µw an{Xw hcp-W-a·n amlp
ctYm-Zn-hy- k
- p-]¿tWm Kcp-Xvam≥
GIw kZv hn{]m _lp-[m-h-Z¥y
Kv\nbaw amX-cn-iz\ amlpx (E-tKzZw 2˛3-˛22)

""lnc-Wy-K¿`x k
- a
- h¿ØXmt{K
`qX-ky-PmXx ]Xn-tcI BkoXv
kZm-[mc ]rYnhnw Zymap tXamw
Ikvssa tZhmb lhn-jm-hn-t[a'' (E-tKzZw 10-˛121-˛1)
({]-Im-ik
- z-cq-]nbpw kqcym-Zn-bmb {]Im-in-°p∂ ]Zm¿Yßsf krjvSn®v hln-°p-∂h
- \pw DXv]∂
- a
- mb apgp-h≥ PKØn-s‚ {]kn-≤-\mb c£-I\pw Bb GI {_“w D≠v. PK-Øp-≠mhpw apºv (A-h≥) shfn-s∏-´p. B lncWyK¿`≥
C-u `qan-sbbpw tZymhn-s\bpw hln-°p-∂p. kpJ-kz-cq-]nbm-b B ]c-am-flm-hns\ kzoI-cn-°m-Ø-Xmb ]q¿W-amb
D]m-k\
- s
- Im≠v R߃ `Pn-°p-∂p)
""hniz-X›
- £
- p-cX hniztXm aptJm-hn-iztXm

{]]-©-Ønse G‰hpw henb \∑, \-sΩbp-w \mw ImWp-∂Xpw ImWm-Ø-Xp-amb kIe
hkvXp-°-sfbpw krjvSn®v ]cn-]m-en®v sIm≠ncn-°p∂ GI-\mb ssZhsØ AwKo-Ic
- n-°p-Ibpw
AX-hs\b\p-kc
- n®v Pohn-°p-Ib
- p-am-Wv. a\p-jy≥ sNøp∂ G‰hpw hneb Xn∑, GI-ssZ-hsØ-b√msX˛Ah a\p-jy-cm-Is
- ´, hn{K-lß
- f
- mI-s´, ivaim-\-ß-fm-Is´˛Bcm[n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.
hn{K-lm-cm-[\ henb Xn∑-bmWv F∂Xv apkvenwI-fpsS shdpw Ah-Im-ih
- m-Za
- √
- . adn®v temIØv
a\p-jy-hw-i-Øns‚ XpS-°-Øn¬Xs∂ ssZhw
ssZh-Zq-X≥am¿ aptJ\ a\p-jysc Adn-bn-®-XmWn-Xv. {]hm-NI
- ≥ \ntbm-Kn-Xc
- m-hmØ Hcp kaqlhpw Ign™v t]mbn-´n√ F∂v Izp¿B\n-eqsS
A√mlp DW¿Øp-∂p. C¥ybpw CXn-\-]-hm-Zam-bn-cp-∂n-√. GI-ssZh hnizm-k-Øn-te°v P\ßsf £Wn-°m\pw hn{K-lm-cm[\ hntcm-[n°m\pw ssZh-Zq-X≥am¿ C¥y-bnepw h∂n-cp∂p
F∂ hkvXpX ÿnco-Ic
- n-°p∂ hN-\ß
- ƒ `mcXob thZ-km-ln-Xy-ßf
- n¬ Fºm-Sp-ap-≠v.

_mlp-cpX hnizX kv]mXv
kw`mlp `ymw [a-Xnkw ]X-ss{X¿
Zymhym `qan P\-b-tµh GIx (b-Pp¿thZw 17-˛19)
(B-cpsS I¨I-fmtWm k¿h{X hym]n-®n-´p-≈Xv, Fß-pw BcpsS apJ-amtWm D≈-Xv, Fßpw BcpsS ssIIfm-tWm Imcy-߃ \n¿h-ln-°p-∂Xv BcpsS ]mZ-ßf
- mtWm
Fßpw \ne-sIm-≈p-∂-Xv. Ah≥ F√m-‰n-s\bpw Imep-Ifmbpw ssII-fmepw \S-Øp-∂p-˛-\-bn-°p-∂p. C{]-Im-c-ap≈
GI tZh-\mWv hm\-tem-I-sØbpw ]rYnsbbpw krjvSn®n-cn-°p-∂X
- v.)

{k„mhn¬\n∂v khn-ti-j-ambn e`n® Adn-hns‚ ASn-ÿm\-Øn-emWv {]hm-NI
- ≥am¿ P\-ßt- fmSv kwh-Zn-®X
- v. GsXmcp
Imcy-Øn-s‚bpw bmYm¿Yyw a\- n-em-Ip-tºmƒ am{X-amWv
\ΩpsS e£yhpw {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw IrXyhpw Btcm-Ky-Ichpw \n¿am-Wm-fl-I-hp-am-Ip-∂Xv. Hcp hnj-b-sØ-°p-dn®p≈ Ak-Xy-amb ImgvN-∏mSv A⁄-X-tb-°mƒ A]-I-Sam-Wv.

2013 G{]n¬

44

Iƒ Xøm-dm-Ip-∂p. CXv teJ-Is‚ `mh-\-bmtbm lnµp-aX
hntZz-ja
- mtbm hmb-\°
- m¿ sX‰p[cn-°c
- p-X.v lnµp-aX \thm∞m\ \mb-I-cn¬ {][m-\n-bmb Zbm-\µ kc-kzXn Fgp-Xp∂Xv ImWpI:
""hymk≥ apX-emb At\Iw al¿jnam-cpsS t]cpw
]d™v Akw-`-hy-ß-fmb IY-Iƒ sI´n-®-a®v Ah¿ XßfpsS CjvSw-t]mse {KŸ-߃ cNn-°p-Ibpw Ah°v ]pcmW-ß-sf∂v t]cn´v Ah-bn-ep≈ IY-Iƒ sNm√n tIƒ∏n°p-Ibpw sNbvXp-Xp-Sß
- n. ]n∂oSv Ah¿ Xmsg]d-bpw {]Imc-ap≈ ]e ambm{]tbm-K-ßfpw sNbvXp-Xp-S-ßn. Icn-¶√v
sIm≠v hn{K-l-߃ ]Wn-sN-øn-∏n®v Ahsb ae-I-fntem
ImSp-I-fntem as‰m Fßm\pw Hcn-SØv KqV-ambn \nt£]n-°p-Itbm aÆn¬ Ipgn-®n-Sp-Itbm sNbvXt- ijw Xß-fpsS
injy≥am-tcmSv Cßs\ Xfn-hmbn ]d-™n-cp∂p: "C∂se
cm{Xn kz]v\-Øn¬ alm-tZ-h≥, ]m¿h-Xn, cm[m-Ir-jvW≥,
koXm-cm-a≥, As√-¶n¬ e£van-\m-cm-bW
- ≥, AYh ss`ch
l\p-am-\m-Zn-Iƒ Ft∂mSv ]d-™p: R߃ C∂ ÿe-ßfn-em-Wn-cn-°p-∂X
- .v AhnsS \n∂v Rßsf sIm≠p-h∂v Aºe-ß-fn¬ {]Xn-jvTn-°p-I. \n߃ Xs∂ Rß-fpsS ]qPI≥am-cm-bn-Øo-cp-∂-Xm-bm¬ \n߃ a\- p-sIm-≠-`n-e-jn°p∂ ^e-ßs
- f-sb√mw R߃ \¬Ip-∂X
- m-Wv! A⁄m\m-‘≥amcpw [\m-Uy≥am-cp-am-bn-´p≈ P\-߃ t]m∏≥amcpsS Cu t\c-tºm°v tI´v AXv kXy-am-sW∂v Xs∂ hnNmcn-°p-Ibpw Ah-tcmSv B hn{K-l-߃ Fhn-sS-bm-Wn-cn-°p∂Xv F∂v tNmZn- ° p- I bpw sNbv X n- c p- ∂ p. At∏mƒ
t]m∏≥am¿, C∂ ae-bn¬ As√-¶n¬ Im´n¬ BWn-cn-°p∂-Xv, Fs‚ IqsS h∂m¬ ImWn®v Xt∂°mw F∂v adp]Sn ]d-™n-cp-∂p. AXv tI´v B A⁄m-\m-‘≥am¿
B[r¿Øs‚ Hcp-an®v t]mhp-Ibpw AhnsS sN∂v t\m°n
B›-cy-s∏-´p-sIm≠v B t]m∏s‚ Im¬°¬ hoWv Cßs\
]d-bp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp∂p; "Chn-SsØ t\sc Cu tZh-X°v
Af-h‰ Imcp-Wy-ap-≠v. AXvsIm≠v Chn-Sp∂v Xs∂ Cu
hn{Klw FSpØv sIm≠p-h-cnI. R߃ Hc-ºew ]Wnbn®v Xcmw. Cu aq¿Ønsb AXn¬ ÿm]n®v Chn-Sp∂v
Xs∂ ]qP sNøp-I. Rßfpw D{K-aq¿Øn-bpsS Z¿i\
kv]¿i-\-ßsfsIm≠v Rß-fpsS at\m-hm-RvOn-X-ßsf
t\Sn-s°m≈mw'. C{]-Imcw Hcp h≥ I]Sw {]tbm-Kn-®t∏mƒ AXvsIm-≠v t]m∏≥am-sc√mhcpw Ah-c-h-cpsS
AlhrØn (D-]-Po-h\w)°mbn hymPw {]h¿Øn-®p. hn{Kl-ßsf ÿm]n®p'' (k-Xym¿Y {]Im-iw, t]Pv 510-˛511).

apI-fn-ep-≤-cn® thZhm-Iy-߃ sslµh
Z¿i\w ASn-ÿm\]c-ambn aptºm´v h°p-∂Xv
GI-ssZh hnizm-ka
- mWv F∂ hkvXp-Xsb A\mh-cWw sNøp-∂p. F√mw krjvSn-®Xpw F√mw
\nb-{¥n-°p-∂Xpw GI-\mb ssZhw Xs∂-bm-sW∂v ]ucm-WnI sslµh kaqlw hniz-kn-®n-cp∂p. _lp-ssZ-hX
- zhpw hn{K-lm-cm-[\
- bpw lnµpa-X-Øns‚ `mK-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. thZ-ß-fn¬ {][m\-s∏´ EtKzZw hn{K-lm-cm-[-\-sb-∏‰n ]cm-a¿in°p-∂n-√. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ ]n¬Im-e-L-´-ßfn-emWv hn{K-lm-cm[\m k{º-Zmbw lnµp-a-XØn¬ DS-se-Sp-ØX
- v. thZ-ßfpw t£{X-ßf
- nse
hn-{K-lm-cm-[-\bpw ]c-kv]-c-]q-c-I-ß-f√; adn®v
sshcp--[y-am-Wv.
GI-ssZhhnizmkw ac-Wm-\¥
- c PohnXw XpS-ßnb ASn-ÿm\ hnizm-k-ßfpw AXns‚ hnhn[ cq]-Øn-ep≈ ka¿Y-\ß
- fpw hni-Zo-Ic
- W
- ß-fp-aS- ß
- p∂ hn⁄m-\ß
- f
- mWv thZ-ßf
- n¬\n∂v
\ap°v e`n-°p-∂X
- v. hn{K-lm-cm-[\
- b
- m-Is´ AkXyhpw A_-≤ß
- f
- p-amb sI´p-IY
- I
- f
- m¬ \n_nU-am-Wv. thZ-߃ a\p-jys‚ _p≤nsb sXm´pW¿Øp-Ibpw Nn¥-Isf Pzen-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøptºmƒ hn{K-lm-cm-[\ a\p-jys‚ B{K-lsØ
NqjWw sNøp-∂p. am{X-hp-a√ hn{K-lm-cm-[-\bp-sS AXn-{]-kcw thZ-ß-fn¬\n∂v a\p-jysc
AI-‰p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
lnµp-a-X-Ønse hn{K-lm-cm-[-\sb kw_‘n®v ]ptcm-ln-Xcpw `‡cpw AXn-i-tbm-‡nbm-¿∂ ]e IY-Ifpw sa\-™p-≠m°n hnizmkn-Isf I_-fn-∏n-°p-∂p. sslµh thZ-ßtfm
kzm`m-hnI bp‡ntbm ]n¥p-W°
- mØ hn{K-lmcm-[\
- sb ]cn-t]m-jn-∏n-°p-∂X
- n¬ CØcw \pW°-Y-Iƒ hln® ]¶v sNdp-X-√. ]e hn{K-l-ßfpw kzbw-`q-hm-W.v CØcw {]Xn-jT
v I
- ƒ°pw t£{X--߃°pw th≠n F¥pw sNøm≥ hnizm-kn-

Gsd al-Ø-c-sa∂v sIm´n-tLm-jn-°p∂ hn{K-l-ß-fpsSbpw AXn-t\m-S-\p-_-‘n® BtLm-j-ß-fp-sSbpw ImcyIm-cW
- ß
- f
- mWv Zbm-\µ
- k
- c
- k
- zXn ChnsS hni-Ie
- \w sNbvX-

_lp-ssZhhnizm-k-w Hcn-°epw ]cn-l-cn-°m-\m-hmØ ]cm-P-b-Øn-te°mWv a\p-jys\ sIms≠-Øn-°p-I. tLmc-h-\-Øn-te-s°-Øp∂ am¿KØn-eqsS hgn sX‰n-°-s∏´ bm{Xn-I≥ AXns‚ HSp-hn¬ hcm-\n-cn-°p∂
A]-ISw Is≠∂v hcn-√. bm{X Ah-km-\n-°p-tºmƒ Xm≥ NXn-°-s∏´p
F∂v Adn-™Xv sIm≠v bm{Xn-I\v Hcp {]tbm-P-\-hp-an-√ Xm\pw.
2013 G{]n¬

45

GI-ssZhhnizmkw, ac-Wm-\-¥c PohnXw XpSßnb ASn- ÿ m\ hnizm- k - ß fpw AXns‚
hnhn[ cq]-Øn-ep≈ ka¿Y-\-ßfpw hni-Zo-Ic-W-ß-fp-a-S-ßp∂ hn⁄m-\-ß-fmWv thZ-ßfn¬\n∂v \ap°v e`n-°p-∂-Xv. hn{K-lm-cm-[-\-bmIs´ Ak-Xyhpw A_-≤-ß-fp-amb sI´p-I-Y-Ifm¬ \n_n-U-am-Wv. thZ-߃ a\p-jys‚ _p≤nsb sXm´p-W¿Øp-Ibpw Nn¥-Isf Pzen-∏n°p-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ hn{K-lm-cm-[\ a\p-jys‚ B{K-lsØ NqjWw sNøp-∂p.

cn-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv. temIm¥yw hsc \ne-\n¬°p-sa∂v {k-jvSm-hv hmKvZm\w sNbvX {KŸ-amb Izp¿B-\n¬ G‰hpw A[nIw FSpØv ]d-™Xv _lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[-\-bp-sSbpw hn{Kl-]q-Pb
- p-sSbpw \nc¿Y-IX
- s
- b-°p-dn-®m-Wv. kaq-lß
- f
- n-e[
- nIhpw hn{K-lm-cm-[-\-bn-te°v hgp-Xn-hogm≥ km[y-I-tf-sdbp-≈X
- v sIm≠m-Wn-Xv. `uXnI hnZym-`ym-ktam ]m›m-Xy≥
kwkvIm-ctam a\pjys\ hn{K-lm-cm-[\
- b
- n¬\n∂v XS-bm≥
]cym-]vXa
- √
- . hn{K-lm-cm-[\
- b
- n-em-≠p-t]mb k\m-X\ [¿aØns‚ h‡m-°sf GI-ssZ-hm-cm-[\
- b
- n-te°v XncnsI sIm≠p-t]m-Im≥ kzman Zbm-\µ kc-kz-Xnt°m, cmPm-dmw taml-≥ tdmbnt°m, dmW-tUt°m Ign-™n-√. hn{Kl]qPsb
hna¿in® k\ym-kn-am-cpsS Xs∂ hn{K-l-߃ A\p-bm-bnI-fm¬ {]Xn-jT
v n-°s
- ∏-Sp∂ Ah-ÿbpw kwPm-Xa
- m-bn. CØc-sam-ch
- ÿ
bv°v ImcWw ]e-Xm-Wv. thZ-{K-Ÿß
- f
- nse hmIy-ßf
- psS ]c-kv]c sshcp-[y-amWv CXn-sem-∂v. a\p-jys‚
CS-s]-S-em-Wn-Xn\v Imc-Ww. as‰m-∂v GI-ssZh hnizm-kØn-te°v £Wn-°-s∏-Sp∂ hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v GI-ssZh hnizm-kØ
- n-e[
- n-jvTn-Xa
- mb I¿a-co-Xn-Ifpw Bcm-[\mk{º-Zmb-ßfpw kmaq-lnIacym-ZI
- fpw GsX∂v Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°m≥
ln-µp-aX t\Xm-°ƒ°v Ign-™n-´n√ F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv.
A√mlp Ah-X-cn-∏n® ap≥Ime thZ-߃ Zp¿hym-Jym\w sNøp-Ibpw hf-s®m-Sn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXt- ∏mƒ Ah-km\
th-Z-{K-Ÿ-amb Izp¿B≥ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. C\n Hcp {]hm-NI≥ hcm-\n-√m-ØX
- n-\m¬ a\p-jy-cpsS ssII-SØ
- e
- p-If
- n¬
\n-∂v A√mlp {]kvXpX thZ-{K-ŸsØ kwc-£n-®p. AXvs
- Im-≠p-Xs∂ ssZhn-Is
- a∂v kzbw Ah-Im-is
- ∏-Sp∂ Htc
Hcp thZ-{K-Ÿa
- mWv C∂v `qan-bn-ep-≈X
- .v AXmWv Izp¿B≥.
Izp¿B≥ apgp-h≥ ssZh-h-N-\-ß-fm-Wv. Izp¿B-\nI hN\-ßf
- psS {]mtbm-KnI Pohn-Xa
- mWv apl-ΩZv \_n ImWn®v
X∂-Xv. apl-ΩZv apkvenw-If
- psS {]hm-NI
- \
- √
- . Ah-km\
\mƒ hsc-bp≈ apgp-h≥ a\p-jy-cp-sSbpw amXr-Im-]p-cp-j\pw
{]hm-NI
- \
- p-am-Wt- ±-lw.
C∂sØ sslµ-h-k-aq-l-tØ-°mƒ A[nIw hn{K-lßsf ]qPn-®n-cp∂ Hcp kaq-l-Øn-te-°mWv BZy-ambn {]hm-N-I≥ \nbp-‡-\m-hp-∂-Xv. aZyw, NqXm-´w, hy`n-Nm-cw, \·-Xm {]Z¿i\w XpSßnb kIe Xn∑-Ifpw B P\-ß-fn-

Xv. CØ-cØ
- n-ep≈ BNm-cß
- fpw Bcm-[\
- I
- fpw
\S-Øn-bXv sIm≠v a\p-jy\v Fs¥-¶nepw XcØn-ep≈ KpW-apt≠m F∂v sslµh ktlm-Zc≥am¿ Nn¥n-°-Ww. hn{K-l-ß-fn¬ ssZhsØ
k¶¬∏n-®Xv sImt≠m GIm-{K-X°v th≠ntbm
BWv R߃ hn{K-lm-cm-[\ AwKo-Ic
- n-°p-∂Xv
F∂v tNmZy-߃°p-ap-∂n¬ ]nSn-®p-\n¬°m≥
th≠n Nne¿ ]d-bm-dp-≠v. Imcy-em-`Ø
- n\pw, D±njvTI
- m-cykm[y-Øn\pw i{Xp-\n-{K-lØ
- n\pw awKey-ku-`m-Ky-Øn-\p-sam-s°-bmWv lnµp-aX hnizmkn-Iƒ Aº-e-ß-fn¬ t]mIp-∂Xpw hn{K-lßsf ]qPn-°p-∂X
- p-sa∂pw B¿°mWv Adn-™pIq-Sm-ØX
- .v
hn{K-lm-cm[\ bYm¿Y ssZhm-cm-[-\-b-s√∂pw AXpsIm≠v Cuizc kmao]yw kn≤n-°phm≥ km[y-a-s√-∂pw bp‡n-`-{Z-amb sXfn-hp-ItfmsS Zbm-\µ kc-kzXn hni-Zo-Ic
- n-°p∂p: ""]cta-iz-c≥ k¿h-hym-]n-bm-bn-cnt° Hcp hkvXp-hn¬
am{Xw ]c-ta-iz-cs\ `mh-\-sIm≠v k¶¬]n-°pIbpw as‰m-cn-SØpw A∆Æw k¶¬]n-°m-Xn-cn°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂X
- v, N{I-h¿Øn-bmb Hcp-hs\
Ahs‚ kakvX km{am-Py-Øn¬\n∂pw ]rY-Icn®p sNdn-sbmcp IpSn-ens‚ kzman-bmbn hnNmcn-°p-∂Xv t]mse-bm-Wv. AXv k¿h`ua\v F{X
henb A]-am-\-am-sW∂v Btem-Nn®p t\m°pI. (Z-bm-\µ kc-kz-Xn, kXym¿Y {]-Im-iw,
t]Pv 515)
hn{K-lm-cm-[\: Izp¿Bs‚ \ne-]mSv
kIe a\p-jy-cp-sSbpw a\- n¬ Cuizc-hnizmkw IpSn-sIm-≈p-∂p. a[y-Ime bqtdm-∏nse
{InkvXp-aX
- Ø
- ns‚ \nem-]m-Sp-It- fm-Sp≈ kzm`mhnI {]Xn-I-c-W-ambn DS-se-SpØ B[p-\nI
\nco-iz-ch
- m-ZØ
- ns‚ ]nim-Np-_m-[t- b‰ \yq\m¬
\yq\-]-£-amb Nnesc am‰n-\n¿Øn-bm¬ F√mh-cpw k¿h-i-‡-\mb A√m-lp-hns\ AwKo-I2013 G{]n¬

46

¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ aZy-]m-\-tØ-°mfpw
hy`n-Nm-ct- Ø-°mfpw henb Xn∑-bmbn {k„mhv
Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®Xv hn{K-lm-cm-[\bmIp∂ Xn∑-bmIp-∂p. _lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[\
- sb Hcn-°epw am∏¿ln°mØ ]m]-am-bmWv Izp¿-B≥ ]cn-Nb
- s
- ∏-Sp-Øp∂-X.v
""Xo¿®-bmbpw A√mlp Xt∂mSv ka-`m-h\
sNø-s∏-Sp-∂-Xns\ £an-°-bn-√. AX-√m-ØXns\ Ah≥ CjvSs
- ∏-Sp-∂h
- ¿°v £an®v sImSp°p--Ibpw sNøpw A√m-lp-hn-t\mSv Hcph≥ (at‰-sX-¶n-epw) kaXzw I¬∏n-°p-∂-Xm-bm¬ Ah-≥ hep-Xmb ]m]w sNbvXp-t]mbn.'' (kp-a¿)
""\n›-b-ambpw A√mlp Ah-t\mSv (a-s‰-¥ns\-sb-¶n-epw) ]¶v tN¿°p-∂Xv s]mdp-°p-I-bn√. AX-√m-Ø-Xns\ Ah≥ CjvS-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿°v
A-h≥ s]mdpØv sImSp-°pw. A√m-lp-hn\p Hcph≥ ka≥amsc I¬∏n-°p-∂X
- m-bm¬ Ah≥ hnZqc-amb ]nghv ]ng-°p-Ib
- s{X sNbvXn-´p-≈X
- .v '' (epJvam≥)
a\p-jy-cpsS {]m¿Y-\I
- ƒ tIƒ°m\pw D-Øcw \¬Im\pw Ign-hp-≈Xv Ahs‚ {kjvSm-hmb
A√m-lp-hn\v am{X-am-Wv. Bcm-[\ Ah\v am{Xw
Ah-Im-i-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. AXvsIm-≠p-Xs∂ a‰v hkvX
- p-°s
- ftbm hy‡n-Is
- ftbm Bcm-[n-°p-∂Xv
G‰hpw henb ]m]hpw G‰hpw henb A{I-ahp-a-m-sW∂v Izp¿-B≥ DW¿Øp-∂p. _lp-ssZh-Xz-Øns‚ BNm-cß
- ƒ ImgvNb
- n¬ h¿W-i_
- f-am-Wv. ]qchpw B\-®a
- b
- hpw Icn-ac
- p∂v {]tbmK-hpw Bc-h-ßfpw Bfp-Isf {Xkn-∏n-°p∂ a‰v
At\Iw ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw \nd-™-Xm-bn-cn-°mw. ]s£- AXn-eI
- s
- ∏´ a\p-jys‚ Ahÿ Ahs‚
{k-jvSm-hmb A√m-lp hnh-cn-°p-∂Xv ImWpI:
""A√m-lp-hn\v Hcp-h≥ ka≥amsc k¶¬]n-°p∂-Xm-bm¬ Ah≥ BIm-i-Øn¬\n∂v hoWn´v
]-£n Ahs\ dm©n-s°m≠v t]mhp-Itbm, Im‰v
Ahs\ Hcp hnZq-c-ÿ-e-tØ°v ASn-®p-sIm-≠pt]m-hp-Itbm sNbvXn-´p-≈Xv t]mse BIp-∂Xm-Wv.'' (A¬ l÷v)
a-\p-jy\v AXy-[nIw Bh-iy-ap≈ Imcy߃ t\Sm≥ th≠n-bmWv Ah≥ {]m¿Yn-°p-∂-

Xv. {]m¿Yn-°p∂ hnizm-kn-bpsS Bh-iy-߃ Adn™v G‰hpw A\p-tbm-Py-amb coXn-bn¬ Ahs‚ B{Klw \n-h-¿Øn-°m≥, k¶-S-ßsf am‰m≥, {]bm-k-߃ AI-‰m≥ Ignhp-≈-h-\mWv A√m-lp. F∂m¬ krjvSn-Iƒ Ah¿ F{X
a-lm≥am-cm-bmepw Ah¿°v {]m¿Yn-°p-∂-hs‚ {]m¿Y\
tIƒ°mt\m Ah\v DØcw \¬Imt\m Ign-bn√ F∂v Izp¿B≥ hy‡-am-°p∂p ""Ah≥ A√m-lp-hn\v ]pdsa Ah\v
D-]-{Z-htam D]-Im-ctam sNøm-Ø-Xns\ hnfn®v {]m¿Yn-°p∂p. CXs{X hnZq-c-amb hgn-tISv.''(l÷v )
ssZh-ßf
- psS FÆw aq∂n¬ ]cn-an-Xs
- ∏-Sp-Øn-bXv sImt≠-m c≠n¬ Ah-km-\n-∏n-®Xv sImt≠m AXv _lp-ssZh
hnizm-k-a-√m-Xm-Ip-∂n-√. {InkvXob ktlm-Z-c≥am¿ ]n-Xmhv˛]p-{X≥˛]-cn-ip-≤m-flmhv F∂ aq∂v ssZh-ßf
- n-emWv hnizkn-°p-∂X
- v. F∂m¬ A√m-lp-hns\ IqSmsX Bsc hnfn®v
{]m¿Yn-®mepw AXv ISpØ A{I-a-am-Ip-∂p. tbip alm\m-b {]hm-N-I-\m-Wv. ]s£ At±-l-tØm-Sp≈ {]m¿Y\
ISp-Ø kXy-\n-tj-[a
- m-W.v ""A√mlp aq∂n¬ Hcp-h\
- m-Ip∂p
F∂v hmZn-®h
- cpw Xo¿®-bmbpw \ntj-[n-If
- m-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Fs¥-∂m¬ GI-ssZ-h-a-√mØ Hcp ssZhhpw C√-Xs∂˛Ah-¿ Xß-fpsS CØcw hmZ-ß-fn¬\n∂v hnc-an-®n-s√-¶n¬,
Ah-cn¬ \ntj-[n-I-fm-b-hsc thZ-\-tb-dnb in£ _m[n°p-I Xs∂ sNøpw. C\nbpw Ah¿ ]›m-Ø-]n-°p-Ibpw
A-ht- \mSv am∏-t]-£n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂nt√? A√mlp Gsd
am-∏-cp-fp-∂-h\pw Zbm-]-c\pat√m'' (A¬ amCZ 73-˛74)
_lp-ssZ-hXzw sImSnb ]m]-am-sW∂v hn{K-lm-cm-[-ItcmSv ]d-bs
- ∏-´m¬ AXns\ \ymbo-Ic
- n-°m≥ th≠n Hcp]mSv
IY-Iƒ hn{K-lm-cm--[-I¿ ]d-bp-∂p. C¥ysb kw_-‘n-®nS-tØmfw Bbn-c°
- W
- °
- n\v ssZh-ßfpw AhcneqsSb√msX
A¤p-XI
- r-Xy-ßfpw hym]-Ia
- mb coXn-bn¬ {]N-cn-∏n-°s
- ∏Sp-∂p. B[p-\nI hnZym-`ymkw kn≤n-®-hcpw ]ma-c≥amcpw
A‘-hn-izm-k-Øns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ Xpey-cm-Wv. sFXn-lyß-fn¬ ]cm-a¿in-°s
- ∏´ ssZh-ßf
- psS IY bYm¿Y-Øn¬
IY am{X-am-sW∂pw hn{K-lm-cm-[-Icpw Ah-cpsS ]q¿hn-

_lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[\ Hcp kaq-l-Øn¬ ta¬ssI t\Sp-tºm-ƒ
A√m-lp-hns‚ in£ B kaq-lsØ ]nSn-Iq-Sp-sa∂v ap-≥Im-e A\p-`-h-ßsf Nq≠n-°m-Wn®v Izp¿-B≥ \tΩmSv DW¿-Øp-∂p. _lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[\ hy‡n-]-c-ambn ZpxJhpw ZpcnXhpw Xocm-\j
- vSh
- p-amWv hcp-Øn-hb
- v°p-I. {]IrXn Zpc-¥ß
- ƒ°pw `o-Xn-X-amb Ah-ÿ-Iƒ°pw ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-ambn Izp¿-B≥ Nq-≠n-°m-Wn-°p∂ ImcWw _lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[\
- b
- s- {X.
2013 G{]n¬

47

]mc-º-cy-am-b-sX√mw hnip-≤hpw AXv sIm≠p-Xs∂ tNmZyw sNømsX
al-Xz-h¬°-cn-°-W-sa∂v [cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ hnizm-kn-Iƒ X߃
sN-øp∂ {]hr-Øn-bpsS `oI-cX a\- n-em-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. k\m-X\[¿a-Øns‚ t]cn-em-bmepw al-Ømb kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ Imh¬`-S≥am¿ F∂
\n-e-°m-bmepw hn{K-lm-cm-[\ \ymbo-I-cn-°m-hp-∂-X√. ssZh-tIm]w £Wn-®v hcpØn kzbw \jvS-Øn-e-I-s∏-´v \nXy-\-c-I-Øn-te°m-]-Xn-®m-¬
c£n-°m-\m-cp-ap-≠m-hn-√
B\ns‚ Xm¬]-cyw. Fßs\ hn{K-lm-cm-[-\sb \ymbo-Icn-°p-∂-h¿°pw AXns‚ bp‡niq\yX t_m[y-s∏-Sp∂
coXn-bn¬ Izp¿-B≥ \tΩmSv DW¿Øp∂p: ""P\-ßsf! Hcp
DZm-l-cWw \n߃ \√-hÆw ({i-≤n®v tIƒ°p-I. A√mlp-hns\ IqSmsX \n߃ BtcmSv {]m¿Yn-°p∂pthm Ahsc√mw H∂mbn tN¿∂n-cp-∂mepw Hcp Cu®sb t]mepw
Ah¿ krjv S n- ° p- I - b n- √ . F∂m¬ Cu® Ah- c psS
]°¬\n∂v h√Xpw X´n-sb-Sp-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ Ah¿°v
AXns\ AXns‚ ]°¬\n∂v Xncn-s®-Sp-°m\pw Ign-bpIbn-√. {]m¿Yn-°p-∂-h\pw {]m¿Yn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-hbpw Zp¿_-ecm-Wv. A√m-lp-hns‚ \nesb Ah¿ th≠Xv t]mse ]cnK-Wn-®d- n-bp-∂n-√. \n›-ba
- mbpw A√mlp _e-hm\pw t{ijvT\p-am-Ip∂p.'' (A¬ l÷v)
ta¬ kqNn-∏n® kq‡-Øns‚ ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ \mw
Nn¥n-°p-I. F{Xtbm Aº-eß
- f
- n¬ hn{K-lß
- ƒ°v \nthZy-ß-f¿∏n-°p-∂p. ]mepw tX\pw shÆ-bp-sa√mw \nth-Zyß-fmbn a\p-jy-c¿∏n-°p∂ {]kvXpX hn{K-l-߃ Hcp
Cu®sb F¶nepw krjvSn®p F∂v Bcpw Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sn√. C\n Cu® {]kvXpX \nth-Zy-ß-fn¬\n∂v h√-Xp-sa-SpØm¬ AXp-t]mepw Xncn®v taSn-°m≥ hn{K-lß
- ƒ°v km[yhpa-√. AXn\v t]mepw Ign-bmØ hn{K-l-߃°v \ΩpsS
ZpxJ-߃ AI-‰m\pw IjvS-X-Iƒ \o°m\pw {]iv\-߃
]cn-l-cn-°m\pw km[y-a-√. F∂v am{X-a√ \sΩ krjvSn®
km£m¬ ssZh-Øn\v \tΩmSv henb tIm]w D≠m-hp-Ibpw
sNøp-∂p.

Icpw hnfn® \ma-߃ am{X-amWv Ah-sb∂pw
A-X-√mØ Hcp sXfnhpw hn{K-lm-cm-[-I-cpsS
ssI-h-i-an-s√∂pw Izp¿-B≥ hy‡-am-°p-∂p.
ASn-ÿm-\c
- l
- n-Xa
- mb hn{K-lm-cm-[I
- c
- psS X¿°sØ-°p-dn®v Izp¿-B≥ tNmZn-°p∂p: ""A√mlp
H-cp {]am-Whpw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´n-√mØ Ipsd t]cp-Isf sNm√n \n߃ Ft∂mSv X¿°n-°p-Ib
- mtWm?'' (A¬ AA-vdm^v ˛71)
_lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[\ Hcp kaq-l-Øn¬ ta-¬ssI t\Sp-tºmƒ A√m-lp-hns‚ in£ B kaqlsØ ]nSn-Iq-Sp-sa∂v ap≥Ime A\p-`-h-ßsf
Nq≠n-°m-Wn®v Izp¿-B≥ \tΩmSv DW¿Øp-∂p.
_lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[\ hy‡n-]c
- a
- mbn ZpxJhpw ZpcnXhpw Xocm-\-jvS-hp-amWv hcp-Øn-h-bv°p-I. {]Ir-Xn Zpc-¥-߃°pw `oXn-X-amb Ah-ÿ-I-ƒ°pw ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-ambn Izp¿-B≥ Nq≠n-°mWn-°p∂ ImcWw _lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[\
- b
- s
- {X.
""CXv Ipsd \mSp-I-fpsS kw`hIY-I-fmWv.
\mw Xm¶ƒ°Xv ]d™v Xcp-∂p. Ah-bn¬ Nne-Xv C∂pw \ne-\n¬°p-∂p-≠v. NneXv \in®v
t]m-bn-cn-°p-∂p. \mw Ah-tcmSv A{Iaw sNbvXn´n-√. Ah¿ Xß-tfmSv Xs∂ A{Iaw {]h¿Øn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A√m-lp-hns‚ hn[n kam-K-Xam-b-t∏mƒ, Ah¿ A√m-lp-hns\ shSn™v {]m¿-Yn®v sIm≠n-cp∂ ssZh-߃s°m∂pw H´pw XpW-°m-\m-bn-√. Zpcn-Xhpw \mihpa√msX Ah
Hcp {]tbm-P-\hpw sNbvXn√.'' (lqZv 100-˛111)
hn{K-lm-cm-[-\-bpsS A¥-c-^-e-amb CltemI \nµyXbn¬\n∂pw ]c-tem-IØ
- nse imizX-amb \jvS-Øn¬\n-∂pw a\p-jy≥ tamNn-X\mbn hnP-b-{io-em-fn-X-\mhW-sa-∂mWv Izp¿2013 G{]n¬

{]hm-N-I≥ bqkp-^ns‚ hm°p-Iƒ Izp¿-B≥ D≤cn-°p∂p: ""A√mlp-hn-t\m-sSm∏w ]¶m-fn-Isf Btcm-]n-°m≥
\ap°v Ah-Im-i-an-√. (A-h≥ \sΩ Xs∂ IqSm-sX-bp≈
Bcp-sSbpw ASn-a-I-fm-°n-bn√ F∂-Xv) bYm¿Y-Øn¬
A√mlp \tΩmSpw AJne a\p-jy-tcmSpw sNbvX A\p-{Kl-am-Ip-∂p. ]s£ A[nI P\hpw \µn ImWn-°p-∂n-√.
A√tbm kplr-Øp-°sf, kzbw Nn¥n®v t\m°p-I, hn`n∂-cmb ]e ssZh-ß-fm-tWm, AX√ k¿h-sØbpw AXnP-bn-°p∂ GI-\mb A√m-lp-hmtWm DØaw? Ahs\
IqSmsX \n߃ Bcm-[n®v sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂-sX√mw Xs∂
\nßfpw \nß-fpsS ]q¿h ]nXm-°fpw krjvSn® Nne t]cpI-f√
- msX bmsXm-∂p-a√
- . A√mlp AXn\v Hcp {]am-Whpw
Ah-X-cn-∏n®v X∂n-´n-√. B⁄m-]n-°m\p≈ A[n-Im-c-amIs´ A√m-lp-hn-\-√msX a‰m¿°p-an-√. Ahs\ IqSmsX
a‰m-scbpw Bcm-[n-°-cp-sX∂v Ah≥ I¬∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂p.
AXs{X icn°pw sNm∆mb Pohn-X-am¿Kw. ]s£ A[n-I48

P-\hpw Adn-bp-∂n√.'' (bq-kp^v 39-,40)
{kjvSm-hmb ssZhw ITn-\-ambn shdp-°pIbpw `qan-bn-sebpw ]c-tem-IØ
- n-sebpw Cuizcs‚ im]-Øn\pw tIm]-Øn\pw CS-bm-hp-Ibpw
sNøp∂ hn{K-lm-cm-[\ a\p-jys‚ ]ptcm-KXnt°m tam£-Ønt\m \nZm-\-a-s√∂v hfsc
hy‡-am-Wv. ]mc-º-cy-am-b-sX√mw hnip-≤hpw
AXv sIm≠p-Xs∂ tNmZyw sNømsX al-Xzh¬°-cn-°W
- s
- a∂v [cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ hnizmkn-Iƒ X߃ sNøp∂ {]hr-Øn-bpsS `oI-cX
a\- n-em-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. k\m-X\[¿a-Øns‚
t]cn-em-bmepw al-Ømb kwkvIm-c-Øns‚
Imh¬`-S≥am¿ F∂ \ne-°m-bmepw hn{K-lmcm-[\ \ymbo-I-cn-°m-hp-∂-X√. ssZh-tIm]w
£Wn®v hcpØn kzbw \jvS-Øn-e-I-s∏-SpØn
\nXy-\c
- I
- Ø
- n-te°m]Xn®m¬ c£n-°m-\m-cp-ap≠m-hn-√. ac-W-tØmSv IqSn PohnXw Ah-km-\n°p-∂n-√. G‰hpw henb ]m]w shSn-™m¬
am{Xsa ssZhn-Ia
- mb kXy-߃ \ΩpsS lrZ-bß-fn¬ shfn-s∏-Sp-Ib
- p-≈q. Cu temIØv A‘hn-izm-k-ßsf apdp-sI-∏n-Sn-°p-∂-h¿°v Hcp
]t£ t\Xm-°≥am-cp-sSbpw a‰pw ]n¥p-Wbpw
kvt\l-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. ]s£ A√mlphns‚
kvt\l-Øn\pw Xr]vXn°pw Ah-c¿l-cm-bn-cn-°pI-bn-√. hy‡-amb Cu bmYm¿Yyw a\p-jy-tcmSp≈ KpW-Imw-£-sIm-≠mWv A√mlp a\p-jyk-aq-lsØ Adn-bn-°p-∂-Xv. ssZhnI-sa∂v \qdv

iXam\w Dd-∏p≈ Izp¿-B-\n-emWv Cu Xm°oXv hy‡ambn \ne-sIm-≈p-∂-Xv. Cu ssZh-k-tµ-i-Øn¬ kwi-bn°p-∂-h-tcmSv A√mlp DW¿Øp-∂p.
""\ΩpsS Zmk\v \mw Ah-X-cn-∏n® Znhyktµ-i-ß-fn¬
\n߃°v kwi-b-ap-s≠-¶n¬ CXv t]mse-bp≈ as‰mcp
A[ym-b-sa-¶nepw sIm≠v hcn-I. AXn\v \nßsf klmbn-°m≥ GI-ssZ-h-sam-gn-sI-bp≈ kI-e-scbpw hnfn-®psImƒI; \n߃ kXy-hm≥am-cm-sW-¶n¬. \n߃°-Xn\v
Ign-™n-´n-s√-¶n¬ C\n \n߃°Xv Ign-bp-I-bp-an-√. a\pjycpw I√p-Ifpw C‘-\-ambn IØn-°-s∏-Sp∂ \c-IsØ
\n߃ kq£n-°p-I. \cIw kXy-\n-tj-[n-Iƒ°v th≠n
Xøm¿ sNø-s∏-´X
- mWv'' (A¬_-Jd 23-˛24).

(5mw t]Pn¬ \n∂v XpS¿®)
\ocp-d-h-Iƒ! ImcWw At±-l-Øns‚
IqsS At∏m-gp-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv ]{¥≠v
C{km-tb¬ tKm{X-ßf
- m-Wt- √m. aqk
\_n-bp-sS Iønse hSn Ct∏mƒ ]mºmbnt´m ]m-ºp-If
- psS Iq´-ap-≠m-bnt´m Zmln®p-h-e-™-h¿°v h√ {]tbm-P-\-hp-apt≠m? H-cp hSn-bn-eqsS Xs∂bp≈ {kjv-Sm-hn-s-‚ Aam-\p-jnIX \sΩbpw Aº-c-∏n-°p-∂nt√? Xs‚ IqsS \n¬°p∂-hc
- psS am-{X-a√
- , km[m-cW C{km-bo¬ {]P-Iƒ Iq-Sn ^tdm-h-bpsS a¿ZZ-I-`c--W - Ø n¬ s]m- d p- X n- a p´n aqk \_nbpsS IqsS ]m-em-b\w sNøm≥ Xocpam-\n-°p-∂p. A-h-km\w ap≥Iq-´n-bp≈
πm≥ A\p-k-cn-®v aqk \_n cm{Xn
]pd-s∏-Sp-∂p. C-Xv a\- n-em-°nb ^tdmh-bpw Iq´cpw F-√m-h-scbpw H‰-b-Sn°v
A-h-km-\n-∏n°mw F-∂v IcpXn k¿hmbp-[ k÷-cmbn A-t±-l-tØbpw A\pbm-bn-Is
- fbpw ]n¥p-Sc
- p-∂p. sN¶-Se
- ns‚
Xoc-sØ-Øp-tºm-gm-Wv Xßsf apgp-h\
- m-

bn \in-∏n-°m-\p≈ ^tdmh-bp-sSbpw kwL--Øn-s‚bpw h-c-hns\ ]‰n aqk \-_n Adn-bp-∂X
- v. B ka-bØv Nne¿ \ne-hn-fn-°p-∂p. aqkmbpsS kwL-Øn¬ Xs∂-bp≈ Nne¿ At±-lsØ Bt£-]n-°p-∂p. F-∂m-¬ At±lw Ahsc
kam-[m-\n-∏n-®t- i-jw Xs‚ hSn-tbm-Sp-IqSnb Ic-ß-fp-b¿-Øn At]-£n-°p-∂p.
A-Xn\p e`n-°p-∂ adp-]-Snbpw˛""\o sh≈-Øn¬ ASn--°q aqkm...'' At±lw A{]-Imcw ASn-°p-tºmƒ sN¶-S¬ c≠mbn
]nf¿∂p-sIm-≠v aqk°pw kwL-Øn\pw adp-Ic
- b
- n-te°v c£-s]-Sm-\p≈ Hcp
DW-ßn-b ]mX-bm-Wp-≠m-Ip-∂X
- !v Hcn-°¬-Iq-Sn Nn¥n-®p-t\m°p: Cu kp{]-[m\
L-´Ø
- nepw At±-lØ
- ns‚ Iøn-ep-≈Xv
t\-csØ ]e-X-hW ]mºmbn amdp-Ibp-w, ]n∂oSv sh≈w ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-°p-Ibp-w sNbvX AtX hSn! Ct∏mƒ ]mºmbn-t´m, AXp-as
- √-¶n¬ ASn-°p-tºmƒ Ipsd--°qSn sh≈w hcn-Ibpw sNbvXmepw

2013 G{]n¬

49

C-hnsS h√ {]tbm-P-\-hp-apt≠m?
At∏mƒ {]]©{kjvSmhv Hcp A¤p-Xw ImWn-°W
- s
- a-t∂m, AXp-as
- √-¶n¬- Hcp A¤pX {]h¿Ø-\Ø
- n-eqsS Bsc-sb-¶nepw c£n-°W
- s
- a∂v Icp-Xn-bm¬
{]hm-NI
- ∑
- msct]mepw Aº-c∏
- n-®p-sIm≠v AXv \n¿h-ln-°m≥ A√m-lp-hn\v
bm-sXmcp {]bm-k-hp-an-√. B Ah-k-cß-fn-se√mw {]hm-NI
- ≥am-¿ ]e-t∏mgpw
Hcp \nanØw am{X-ambnØocp-I-bm-Wp≠m-hp∂-Xv. F∂m¬ CØcw k∂nKv[
L´-ßf
- nepw DS≥ Ah¿°v {kjvSm-hns‚
klm-bl
- kvXw e`n-°p-∂X
- n\v ImcWw
A√m-lp-thmSv am{X-amb Ah-cpsS {]m¿-Y-\-bpsS ^e-a-√msX as‰-¥mWv? N-pcp-°n ]d-™m¬ CØcw A-¤p-XZ- r-„m¥-߃ A√mlphn¬ \n∂v am{Xta D≠m-hq. AX√msXbp≈ tIhew AhImih-mZßsf√mw \nc¿YIßfmWv.
˛sI. _n. A_vZp¬ eØo^v

k≥am¿K-sa∂ alm A\p-{Klw
A-_q-A-ao≥""Ah¿ Ckvemw aXw kzoIcn®p F∂Xv Ah¿ \nt∂mSv ImWn® Zm£nWyambn Ah-¿ FSpØp]dbp∂p. \o ]dbpI: \n߃ Ckvemw kzoIcn®Xns\ Ft∂mSv ImWn®
Zm-£nWyambn FSpØv ]dbcpXv. {]XypX, kXyhnizmkØnte°v \n߃°v am-¿-K-Z¿-i\w \¬In F∂Xv A√mlp \nßtfmSv Zm£nWyw ImWn°p∂XmIp∂p.''(49:17)

]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I-\mb A√m-lp-hns‚
A-\-h[n A\p-{K-l-߃ Bkz-Zn®p Pohn--°p-∂h
- c
- mWv \mw Hmtcm-cp-Øc
- pw. sshhn--[ y- ß - f mb B A\p- { K- l - ß - f psS
hnim-e-Xsb Ipdn®v \sΩ t_m[y-s∏Sp-Øp∂ {]hm-NIhN\w Gsd Nn¥-\ob-am-W.v \_n ]d-bp-∂p. ""\n߃ \nßtf-°mƒ Xmsg-bp-≈h
- c
- n-te°v t\m°p-I.
\nß-fpsS aosX-bp-≈h
- c
- n-te°v \n߃
t\m°-cp-Xv. A√m-lp-hns‚ A\p-{K-lß
- sf \n߃ hne-Ip-d®v ImWm-Xn-cn-°m≥
AXmWv Ic-Wo-ba
- m-bn-´p-≈X
- .v '' (ap-ke
v nw)
{]hn-im-e-amb {]kvXpX A\p-{K-lß-fpsS ]´n-Ib
- n¬ at‰Xn-t\-°mfpw hnes∏´ G‰hpw henb A\p-{K-lt- aXv F∂v
tNmZn-®m¬ ssZhnI am¿K-Z¿i\w kzoIcn-®v PohnXw {Ia-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ `mKyw e`n-® kXy-hn-izm-kn-Isf kw_-‘n-®n-StØ-mfw {]kvXpX k≥am¿K e_v[n Xs∂-bmWv G‰hpw hep-Xv F∂m-bn-cn°pw
D-Øc
- w. krjvSn-I¿Øm-hmb A√m-lp-hns‚ am¿K-\n¿tZ-iß
- f
- \
- p-kc
- n®v PohnXw
\bn-°m-\p≈ ku`mKyw hm°p-Iƒ°pw
h-nh-cW
- ß
- ƒ°pw AXo-Xa
- m-Wv.
IjvSX
- I
- fpw Zpcn-Xß
- f
- p-a\
- p-`h
- n-®v F¥n-\v ChnsS Pohn-°p∂p? F∂ tNmZyØn\v ]S-®h
- s‚ am¿K-\n¿tZ-iß
- ƒ kzoI-cn-°m≥ km[n-°m-Ø-h¿°v IrXy-amsbmcp DØcw \¬IpI {]bm-k-am-Wv.
Po-hn-XØ
- nse Zpcn-Xß
- fpw {]bm-kß
- fpw
Nnesc Akz-ÿ-cm-°p-Ibpw Bfl-lXy-bn-te°v \bn-°pI hsc sNøp-tºmƒ
krjvSn-I¿Øm-hns‚ k∑m¿K \n¿tZ-iß-ƒ ]men-°p-∂h
- ¿°v {]bm-kß
- fpw Bizm-kß
- f
- pw hnP-bß
- fpw ]cm-Pb
- ß
- fpw

Hcp-t]mse KpW-Ic
- a
- m°n am‰m≥ km[n°p-∂X
- m-W.v
\_n ]d-bp∂p: ""kXy-hn-izm-kn-bpsS Imcyw A¤p-XI
- c
- a
- m-W!v F√m Im-cyhpw Ah\v KpW-Icw Xs∂. kXy-hn-izmkn-°√
- mØ as‰m-cmƒ°pw AXp-≠m-hpI-bn-√. kt¥m-jI
- c
- a
- mb h√Xpw Ah\v
_m[n-®m¬ Ah≥ \µn {]I-Sn-∏n-°pw.
AX-h\v KpW-Ic
- a
- m-W.v C\n h-√ Zpcn-Xhp-amWv Ahs\ ]nSn-Iq-Sp-∂s
- X-¶n¬ AXn¬ Ah≥ kl-\a
- h
- e
- w-_n-°pw. A-Xpw
Ah\v KpW-Ic
- a
- m-W.v '' (ap-ke
v nw)
Fßs\ Pohn-°W
- s
- a∂ Ip‰-a‰ am¿-K-Z¿i-\tam IrXy-amb ImgvN-∏mtSm
C√msX ]ecpw tXm∂n-b-t]mse Pohn°p-tºmƒ ssZhnI am¿K-\n¿tZ-i-߃
kzo-I-cn®v ]S-®-h\v apºn¬ PohnXw ka-¿∏n® Hcp bYm¿Y hnizmkn A\n¿hN-\o-b-amb A\p-`q-Xn-bnepw Bfl-kwXr-]vXn-bn-ep-amWv Xs‚ PohnXw apt∂m´p-sIm-≠p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv. F¥pw Xn∂pw IpSn-®pw F¥pw sNbvXpw Fß-s\bpw kºm-Zn®pw tXm∂n-hm-kn-bmbn Pohn-°m≥
Hcp hnizm-kn°v Ign-bn-√. ]S-®-hs‚
am-¿K-\n¿tZ-iß
- ƒ°-\p-kc
- n®v F¥p Xn∂-W-sa∂pw F¥v Xn∂p-IqSm F∂pw
F-¥v IpSn°mw F∂pw F¥v IpSn-®p-IqSm F∂pw XpSßn Pohn-X-Øns‚ F√m
ta-J-e-I-fnepw Hcp apkven-an\v hy‡am-b \nb-{¥-Wß
- fpw \n¿tZ-iß
- f
- p-ap-≠.v
{]kvXpX \nb-a-\n¿tZ-i-߃ ]m-en®v Pohn-°p-∂h
- ¿°v Cu temIØpw ]ctem--IØpw ]S® Xºp-cm≥ kt¥mj
hm¿Ø-If
- d
- n-bn-®n-´p-≠.v (20:123, 124) c≠pX-cw Pohn-X-ßfpw XΩn-ep≈ A¥cw

2013 G{]n¬

50

kq-Nn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v ho≠pw A√mlp ]dbp∂p ""hnizkn°pIbpw k¬I¿a-߃
{]-h¿Øn°pIbpw sNbvXhsc Xmg-v`mK-ØvIqSn \ZnIƒ HgpIp∂ kz¿K-tØm∏p-Ifn¬ A√mlp {]thin-∏n-°p-∂-XmWv; Xo®. kXy\ntj[nIfmIs´ (Cltem-IØv) kpJa\p`hn°pIbpw \m¬Im-enIƒ Xn∂p∂Xv t]mse Xn∂p-sIm≠n-cn°pIbpw sNøp∂p. \cIamWv Ah-¿°p≈ hmkkvYew.'' (47:12)
BXy-¥nI hnP-bhpw bYm¿Y ku`m-Kyhpw k¥pjvSPohn-Xh
- p-sams° t\Sn-Øc
- p∂ D]-cn-kq-NnX k∑m¿Kw F√mh¿°pw In´p-∂tXm B{K-l-߃ sImt≠m taml-߃ sImt≠m am{Xw Hcmƒ-°v t\Sn FSp-°m-hp-∂tXm A√. {]Xyp-X ]S® Xºp-cms‚ al-Ømb ]mcntXm--jn-I-as{X AXv. F{X henb B-ƒ°pw Xs‚ {]nb-s∏-´-h¿°v CXv t\Sns°m-Sp-°m≥ km[y-as
- öv {]hm-NI
- ∑
- mcpsS Ncn-{X-Øn-eqsS Izp¿-B≥ \sΩ
Hm-¿an∏n-°p-∂p. ""kz¥w PohnX-kp-JØ
- n¬ aXnad∂v Al¶cn® F{XcmPy߃
\mw \in∏n®n´p≠v. AhcpsS hmk-kvY-eßfXm, Ah¿°p tijw A]q¿-∆amb√msX AhnsS P\hmkap≠mbn´n√.
\mw Xs∂bmbn (AhbpsS) AhImin.''
(28:58)
AXn-\m¬ Cu al-Ømb A\p-{Kl-Øns‚ hne-b-dn-bp-Ibpw AXv \jvSam-ImsX k≥am¿K-Øn-eqsS ASn-bp-d®v
apt∂-dp-hm≥ Bflm¿Y-ambn ]cn-{i-an-°pI-bpw {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-I. d∫v A\p-{K
- l
- n-°s´!

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