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Sneha Samvadam April 2013

Sneha Samvadam April 2013

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Sneha Samvadam Magazine
Sneha Samvadam Magazine

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09/11/2013

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2013 G{]n¬ 3

Printed Published and owned by M.Mohammed Akbar. Printed at Screen Offset printers,
Cochin-18. Published at Cochin-18. Editor M.Mohammed Akbar, Niche of Truth,
PB No:1981, Vyttila, Cochin-19, Tel: 0484 2301275, Fax: 0484 2301175
Internet Edition: www.snehasamvadam.com
Email: editor@snehasamvadam.com
For Online Booking: www.islamicbookshelf.com
]pkvXIw HºXv / e°w ]Øv / 2013 G{]n¬  / 1433 PamZp¬ A∆¬
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tUm: ]n. sI. A_vZpdkm°v kp√an
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Iq´pImcn Is≠Ønb hgnbneqsS... 40
kzmenl ^mØna
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2013 G{]n¬ 4
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kzImcyX \jvSs∏Sptºmƒ...
a\pjys‚ PohnXw A\pZn\w IpSp
mbn amdnhcnIbmtWm? kzImcyX F
 ∂Xv kz]v\ambn amdpIbmtWm? tIc
fØn¬ Ct∏mƒ \S∂phcp∂ HfnImad
hnhmZ߃ Aßs\ thWw hnebncp
Øm≥ ho´nse InS∏papdnbnse hm´¿
lo‰¿ dn∏b¿ sNøms\Ønb sSIv \o
jy≥ ÿm]n® HfnImad hgn Ab¬
ho´nencp∂v kv{Xo \·X BkzZn°pI
bpw Iw]yq´dn¬ ]I¿ØpIbpw sNbvX
hm¿Ø CubnsS Nm\epIfpw ]{Xß
fpsa√mw BtLmjn®ncp∂p. ]nSnbnemb
Cu bphmhns‚ at\mtcmKØn\p Xß
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thhemXnbpsS hd®´nbnemWv {]tZi
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Imad hnhmZw. tImgnt°ms´ Hcp {]apJ
tlm´ense tSmbve‰n¬ \n∂p HfnImad
Is≠SpØXpw _yq´n]m¿ednse Imad
hnhmZhpsa√mw \S∂n´v A[nI\mfmbn
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√m∏pIƒ sNdpX√. ho´Ωbpw aIfpw
am{Xap≈ ASpØho´nse Ipfnapdnbn¬
samss_¬ Imad Hm¨ sNbvXp sh®
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tXmsSm∂n®p tN¿Øphmbn°pI. \∑
bp sS ]mTw sNm√ns°mSpt°≠, k aq
lØn\p samØw shfn®amtI≠ Kpcp
hcys‚ a\p Xs∂ CØcw Ccp´p
sIm≠p aqSs∏Sptºmƒ FhnsSbmWv B
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ƒ°v c£bpw Xmßpw XWepamth≠
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sam s° AhfpsS c‡Øn\pw amwk 
Øn\pw Zmln°p∂ th´\mbv°fmIp∂
Zpc¥w F¥p am{Xw `oXnZa√! A¥y 
\mfns‚ ASbmf߃ A\pZn\w, AXn
io{Lw ]pecp∂Xns‚ e£W߃ Im
Wptºmƒ a\n¬ sXs√¶nepw ssZh
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≥ Ignbptam?
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B¿Øn ]nSn®hs‚ Ic߃
_m°nshbv °p∂Xv ...
a\pjys‚ AXym¿Øn `qansb k¿
h  \miØns‚ ht°mfsaØn®p Ign 
™p. Cßs\ t]mbm¬ IpSnsh≈w In
´msX ip≤hmbp e`n°msX a\pjy≥
t]_m[tb‰hsc t]mse \mhp\o´n ]c
kv ]cw ISn®pIodn NsØmSpßp∂ A
hÿ kwPmXamhm≥ A[nI\mƒ th
≠nhcn√. hcƒ® sIm≠pw Djv WwsIm
≠pw Fcns]mcn sIm≈pIbmWv tIcfw.
agbpsS tXmXv A\pZn\w IpdbpIbpw
IpSnsh≈ t{kmXkpIƒ `oXoZamhn[w
Ipd™v Ipd™v hcnIbpamWv. Irjn
bnSßfn¬ \n∂p≈ Hgn®v t]m°pw K 
ƒ^v cmPyßfn¬ \n∂p≈ Xncn®p hc
hpw A\ykwÿm\ sXmgnemfnIfpsS
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bp≈ bphXeapdbpsS h¿[\hpsams°
bmbn AXn`oIcamb Hcp ÿnXnhnti
jØnte°mWv tIcfw IpXn®p sIm≠n
cn°p∂Xv. Chs°ms° B°w Iq´n
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sS IS∂pIb‰hpw Ah kaqlØn\p
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tXmsS XI¿® ]q¿Wambn. Zp¿hybsØ
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A\p[mh\w sNøpI am{XamWv Cu
{]iv\߃°p≈ GI ]cnlmcw. A
XneqsS am{Xta temIØv imizXamb
kam[m\w ]pecpIbp≈q.
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temN\IfpsS `mKambn \S∂XmWv C
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ΩpsS s\©nSn∏v Iq´p∂XmWv. AtXm
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em]Øn¬ Ip´nIfpw K¿`nWnIfpw A
S°ap≈ \nc]cm[nIfmb BbnctØm
fw t]¿ sIm√s∏SpIbpw Ht´sd IpSpw
_߃°v InS∏mSw \jv Ss∏SpIbpw sN
øpIbpw `cWI¿Øm°fpw \nba]me
Icpw Xs∂ Iem]Øn\p HØmi \¬
IpIbpw sNbvX Imcyw At\zjW I
Ωoj≥ Is≠ØpIbpw sNbvXXmWv.
F∂m¬ Ip‰hmfnIfn¬ Nne¿ ]m¿e
sa‚nte°pw \nbak`bnte°psa√mw
]n ¬ImeØv sXcs™Sp°s∏SpI h 
2013 G{]n¬ 5
scbp≠mbn. CXmWv bm°q_v taas\
bpw ZmhqZv C{_mlnans\bpw t]mep≈
{Inan\epIƒ°v apXseSp°m\p≈ A
hkcw krjvSn®Xv F∂ Imcyhpw Im
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Xnbpw Hcp t]mse A]ISamWv . aXØn
s‚tbm BflobXbptStbm sNdpkv ]¿
i  w t]mepw Is≠Øm≥ IgnbmØ,
XnI®pw Bt[mtemI\mbI¿ Bkq{X
Ww sNbv Xv \S∏m°nb kv t^mS\amWn
sX∂p tImSXn Xs∂ ]dbptºmgpw A
Xn\nS°v "A√mlphn\p th≠nbp≈ hn
ip≤bp≤w' F∂ ]cma¿iw tImSXn°v
Hgnhm°mambncp∂nt√...
˛j≥l Xp∆°mSv
A¤pX {]hrØnIƒ {]hmN
I∑mcpsS Ignhp aptJs\tbm?
X߃ bYm¿Y {]hmNI∑mcmsW
∂v P\߃°v t_m[yw hcpØphm≥
th≠n A√mlp {]hrØn]YØn¬ sIm
≠ph∂n´p≈hbmWv apAvPnkØpIƒ
AYhm A¤pX{]hrØnIƒ. CØcw
A¤pX{]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ {]hmNI≥am
¿°v bmsXmcp tdmfpans√∂v Cu kw`
h  ߃ Izp¿B\neqsS hmbn®pt]mhp
tºmƒ kmam\y_p≤nbp≈h¿°v a\
nemhpw.
aqkm \_nbpsS kw`hØn¬X
s∂ \ap°v Cßs\ ImWmw. At±lw
`mcytbmsSm∏w BSv tabv°mt\m at‰m
th≠n Hcp Znhkw cm{Xn bm{X sNbvXv
FØnbXv Hcp henb ae{ºtZiØv. cm
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bpw Adnbn√. Ipsd AIse Hcp shfn
®w ImWp∂p≠v AhnsS t]mbn Xo sIm
≠p  h  cnItbm a‰msc¶nepaps≠¶n¬ h
gn tNmZn°pItbm sNømsa∂v IcpXn
`mcytbmSv Imcyw ]d™ tijw At±
lw Atßm´v t]mbn. ASpØv sN∂v
t\m°ptºmgmWv AXv IØn°m≥ ]‰n
b hn[Ønep≈ Xob√, Akm[mcW
hn[Ønep≈ Hcp {]Imiambncp∂psh
∂v At±lØn\v a\nemhp∂Xv . CsX
√mw I≠v Aºc∂v \n¬°p∂ Ahk
cØn¬Xs∂ At±lw Hcicocn tIƒ
°p∂p ""Rm≥ k¿htemI c£nXmhmb
A√mlphmWv '' F∂nßs\bmWv AXm
cw`n®Xv. tijw At±lØns‚ ]mZc
£Iƒ am‰nsh®psIm≠v aptºm´v Ibdn (_m°n t]Pv 49¬)
\n¬°m≥ A√mlp aqktbmSv I¬]n
°p∂p. XpS¿∂v At±lØns‚ Iønep
≈sX¥mWv F∂v tNmZn°p∂p. CsXm
cp hSnbmsW∂pw BSpIƒ°v Xm≥ C
X p ] tbm Kn ®p sIm≠v Ce Iƒ hogvØn 
s°mSp°mdps≠∂pw Ah Iq´w sX‰n
t∏mImXncn°m≥ B hSn sIm≠v XSpØv
]nSn°mdps≠∂pw CXn\p ]pdsa Xm≥
CXv IpØn∏nSn®p \S°mdps≠∂pw ]d
bp∂p. F¶n¬ B hSnsbm∂v Xmsg C
Sm≥ A√mlp I¬]n°p∂p. DSs\ B
hSn AXm Hcp henb ]mºmbn Xocp∂p.
AXv I≠v aqk `bt∂mSn. `bs∏tS
ʭXnsöpw AXns\ ]gb \nebnte
°v Xs∂ hSnbmbnØs∂ amdns°m≈pw
F∂v A√mlphn¬\n∂pw Dd∏v e`n®
Xn\ptijamWv aqkm hSn Xmsg \n
∂pw FSp°p∂Xv.
ChnsS Hcp Imcyw {]tXyIw {i≤n
°pI. h¿jßfmbn Xm≥ IqsS sIm≠p
\S°p∂ hSn s]s´∂v Hcp ]mºmbn
amdpw F∂v At±lw Hcn°epw {]Xo
£n®n´p≠mbncp∂n√. Cu A¤pX kw`
hØn¬ Aºc∂v t]mbXpsIm≠mWv
A t±lw `b t∂mSnb Xv. Xs‚ hSn ]m
ºmbn amdpw F∂v At±lØn\v t\c
sØ h√ Adnhpw e`n®ncps∂¶n¬ C
ßs\ `bt∂mSpIbn√mbncp∂pht√m.
Cu  kw`hØn\v tijamWv At±l 
Øn\v {]hmNIXz]Zhn e`n°p∂Xpw,
At±lØns‚ At]£{]Imcw Xs‚
ktlmZc\mb lmdqWns\ {]hmN
IXz ]Zhnbnte°pb¿Øp∂Xpw. Ccp
hcpw IqSn ^tdmhbpsS ASp°¬ t]m
bn Ckv dmboeysc tamNn∏n°m≥ I¬∏n
°p∂Xpw. CuPn]vXnse sIm´mcØn
¬ sh®v ^tdm h bp ambn \√\ne bn¬
kwhmZw \SØnt\m°nsb¶nepw [n°m
cnbmb ^tdmh At±lØns‚ {]hmN
IXzw \ntj[n°pIbpw AXns‚ sXfnhv
A t\z jn °p Ibpw sNøp∂p. Cu ka 
bØv sXfnhn\mbn A√mlphns‚ I¬
]\bm¬ hSn Xmsgbn´v ]mºm°n ImWn
®psImSp°p∂p. F∂m¬ CsX√mw X
s‚ sIm´mcw amPn°pIm¿ km[mcW sN
ømdp≈XmsW∂pw ˛aqkm \_nbpsS
{]hmNIXz hmZw CXneqsS s]s´∂v A
hkm\n∏n°mw F∂v IcpXnb ^tdmh,
as‰mcp Znhkw Ipsd°qSn {]K¬`cmb
amPn°pImscbpw Iq´n Hcp a’cØn\v
h´w Iq´p∂p. XpS¿∂v ^tdmhbpsS amPn
°pImcpsS Iønep≠mbncp∂ hSnbpw
Ibdpsa√mw ]mºmbn amdp∂p. C{]Im
cw hfscb[nIw ]mºpIsf I≠ºc∂
At±lw A√mlphns\ hnfn®v tXSp∂p.
adp]Snbmbn ""`bs∏tS≠Xn√ aqkm...
\ns‚ Iønep≈Xv \obpw Ct´°pI'' Xp
S¿∂v At±lw Xs‚ hSn XmsgbnSp∂p.
D S≥ aqkm \_nbpsS ]mºv ^tdm
hbpsS amPn°pImcpsS ]mºns\sb√mw
hngpßp∂XmWv ImWm≥ Ign™Xv . CXv
I≠v IqSpX¬ Aºc∂ amPn°pImc≥
CXv XßfptSXpt]mep≈ Hcp I¨sI´v
hnZybsöpw, CXv {kjvSmhn\m am
{Xw km[yamhp∂ Hc¤pX {]h¿Ø\
am sW∂pw a\ n em °nb amc W °m¿
aqk \_n bn¬ hniz kn °m≥ cl 
kyambn Xocpam\n°pIbmWp≠mbXv.
ChnsS {i≤nt°≠ Imcyw, sIm´mcw am
Pn°pImcpsS hnZybm¬ amdnb ]mºpI
sf I≠t∏mƒ aqkm \_n `oXnZ\m
hpIbmWv sNbvXXv F∂mWv. Cusbm
c‰ kw`htØmsS Xs∂ apAvPnkØp
Iƒ Hcn°epw {]hmNI∑m¿°v t]mepw
kz¥w C„{]Imcw \n¿hln°m≥ Ign
bp∂X√ F∂v a\nem°m≥ km[n
°pw. AXpsIm≠mWv a\kvXm]tØm
sS Xs‚ hSnbpw XmsgbnSm\p≈ ssZh
I¬]\°v apºn¬ At±lw t]SntbmsS
hgßp∂Xv. F∂m¬ ChnsS kw`hn°p
∂tXm, aqkbpsS hSn ]mºmbn amdp
I am{Xa√, `oIc\mb B ]mºv amc
W°mcpsSsb√mw ]mºpIsf hngpßpI
IqSn sNøp∂p. ChnsS Aº c°p∂Xv
^ tdmhbpsS amPn°pIm¿ am{Xa√, aq
k IqSnbmWv. A√mlphns‚ A]m
camb Ignhv Ft∏mƒ, Fßs\sbs∂
√mw {]hmNI¿°pt]mepw A⁄mXam
Wv. F∂Xt√ CXn¬\ns∂√mw a\n
emhp∂Xv . AXpt]mse ]n∂osSmcn°¬
Xs‚ A\pbmbnItfmsSm∏w Hcp ae{º
tZiØv XºSn°p∂ At±ltØmSv sh
≈Øn\v th≠n bmNn°ptºmƒ, A√m
lphns‚ I¬]\bm¬ aqk {]hmN
I≥ Xs‚ AtX hSnsIm≠v ]mdbn¬
ASn°p∂p. H∂pIqSn BtemNn®pt\m
° p˛A t± l Øns‚ Iøn ep ≈Xv t\c 
sØ ]e XhW ]mºmbn amdnb AtX
hSnbmWv. F∂m¬ AXpsIm≠v ]mdbn
 ¬ ASn®t∏mƒ kw`hn®Xv ˛AtX]md
bn  ¬\n∂pw ]pd  Øp  h  ∂Xv ]{¥≠v
2013 G{]n¬ 6
Xn cp sam gn 
A_q AZo_v
lrZbhnip≤n
BZ¿iw hm°p I fnepw I¿a ßƒ
BNmtcm]Nmcßfnepambn ]cnanXs∏
´psIm≠ncn°pIbmWv C∂v . hnip≤ Izp
¿B\pw {]hmNINcybpw PohnXsØ
kzm[o\n°p∂Xn\v ]Icw Ah A£
cßfnepw hm°pIfnepw HXpßp∂p. \
∑bnte°v PohnXsØ ASp∏n°m\p≈
Bflm¿Y amb {ia ßƒ A[n I am fp I 
fnepw ImWm≥ Ignbp∂n√.
Hcp]mSv kZp]tZi߃ tIƒ°p∂
hcmWv a\pjy≥; hninjym apkv enwIƒ.
Bflob {]`mjWßfpw ktΩf\ßfpw
Izp¿B≥ ¢mkpIfpw kn.UnIfpw ]p
kv XIßfpw FhnsSbpw [mcmfw. ]t£,
tIƒ°pIbpw BkzmZ\ am[pcyØn\
\pkrXambn hnebncpØpIbpw sNøp
∂X√msX PohnXØn¬ henb am‰ß
sfm∂pap≠m°p∂n√.
A√mlphns‚ ZrjvSm¥ßƒ hnh
cn ®v tIƒ∏n ° s∏ ´m¬ ]cn K Wn °m Xn 
cn°p∂hsc "lrZbw ISpØp t]mbh¿'
F∂mWv Izp¿B≥ ]cnNbs∏SpØp∂
Xv. ""]n∂oSv AXn\ptijhpw \nßfpsS
a \ p Iƒ ISp Øp t]m bn. Ah ]md
t]msetbm AXnt\°mƒ ISpØtXm
Bbn `hn®p'' (2:74) ""Aßs\ thZ°m
¿°v Imew Zo¿Ln®pt]mhpIbpw X≥
aqew AhcpsS lrZb߃ ISpØpt]m
hpIbpw sNbvXp'' (57:16). kXyw tIƒ
°m\pw Dƒs°m≈m\pw kmlNcyw e`n
®n´pw AXn\v XømdmImØhcpsS lrZ
b ßƒ°v A√mlp Xs∂ aqSn bn Sp ∂ 
XmWv . ""AsX¥psIms≠∂m¬ Cltem
IPohnXsØ ]ctemItØ°mƒ IqSp
X¬ Ah¿ CjvSs∏ ´ncn°p∂p. A√m
lphmIs´, kXy\ntj[nIfmb Bfp
Isf t\¿hgnbnem°p∂Xpa√. lrZb
߃°pw tIƒhn°pw Imgv NIƒ°pw A
√mlp ap{Zh®n´p≈ Hcp hn`mKamIp∂p
A°q´¿. A°q´¿ Xs∂bmIp∂p A{i
≤¿. H´pw kwiban√, Ah¿ Xs∂bm
Wv ]ctemIØv \jvS°m¿'' (16:107˛109)
a\v \∂m°msXbp≈ hm°pw {]
hrØnbpw kXyØn¬\n∂pw \sΩ _
lp  Zqcw AI‰pw. ""Nne BfpIfp≠v sF
lnI PohnXImcyØn¬ AhcpsS kw
kmcw \n\°v IuXpIw tXm∂n°pw. A
hcpsS lrZbhnip≤n°v Ah¿ A√m
lpsh km£n \n¿ØpIbpw sNøpw.
hmkvXhØn¬ Ah¿ (kXyØns‚) I
Tn\sshcnIfs{X.'' (2:204)
lrZbsØ F{]Imcw D]tbmKs∏
SpØn F∂v t_m[ys∏SpØmsX ]c
temIØv c£s∏Sm\mhn√: ""Xo¿®bm
bpw tIƒhn, ImgvN, lrZbw F∂nhsb
∏‰nsb√mw tNmZyw sNøs∏Sp∂XmWv''
(17:36)
\∑bpsSbpw Xn≥abpsSbpw \mºp
Iƒ lrZbØnemWv apfs]m´p∂Xv. a
\v hrØnbmbn ]cnc£n°p∂h¿°m
Wv hnPbap≠mhpI. lrZbw \∂mbm¬
icocw apgph\pw \∂mbn F∂mWt√m,
{]hmNI≥ aplΩZv \_n ]Tn∏n®Xv.
lrZbw hnip≤am°n \ne\n¿Øp
Ibpw kXysØ kwibn°msX kzoI
cn°pIbpw sNbvXXpsIm≠mWv Ncn{X
Øn¬ XpeyXbn√mØ kwkvImcØn
s‚ hmlIcmIm≥ {]hmNIm\pNc≥am
¿°v Ign™Xv. BZ¿i i{Xp°ƒ°v
t]mepw \∑ am{Xta Ahsc°pdn®v ]d
bm\p≠mbncp∂p≈q. \∑bpsS kmcmw
i߃ {Kln°m\p≈ Ahkcw e`n®n
´pw \ap°v ]cnh¿Ø\ap≠mIp∂ns√
¶n¬ \ΩpsS lrZbhnip≤n \mw ]p\x
]cntim[nt°≠nbncn°p∂p. ""GsXmcp
P\Xbpw kz¥w \ne]mSpIfn¬ am‰w h
cpØp∂Xphsc A√mlp AhcpsS ÿn
Xn°v hyXymkw hcpØpIbn√'' (13:11)
F∂ Izp¿B\nIm[ym]\w CØcpW
Øn¬ IqSpX¬ {it≤bamIp∂p.
dkq¬ Acpfn: ""AdnbpI, \n›bambpw icocØn¬ Hcp amwk]nfiap≠v. AXv \
∂mbm¬ icocw apgph≥ \∂mbn. AXv Zpjn®m¬ icocw apgph≥ Zpjn®p. AdnbpI,
AXmWv lrZbw.'' (_pJmcn, apkvenw)
2013 G{]n¬ 7
\pW ]dbcpXv; Hcp ImcWhimepw
"Hcp apkvenan\v `ocphmbncn°m≥ Ignbptam?'
"Ignbpw. (apkvenwIfn¬ Nne¿ Nnet∏mƒ `ocp°fmbncn°pw)'
"Hcp apkvenan\v ]nip°\mbncn°m≥ Ignbptam?'
"AsX (Nnet∏mƒ Nne apkvenwIƒ ]nip°≥amcmbncn°pw)'
"Hcp apkvenan\v \pWb\mbncn°m≥ Ignbptam?'
"C√ (apkvenwIƒ Hcn°epw \pWb≥amcmhpIbn√)'
aplΩZv \_nbpw A\pNc≥amcnsemcmfpw XΩn¬ \S∂Xmbn Camw amenIv  tcJs∏
SpØnb kw`mjWßfnsem∂mWnXv. apkvenans‚ PohnXØn¬ Hcn°epw D≠mIm≥ ]mSn√m
Ø Zp¿KpWamWv \pW]d®nse∂v hy‡am°p∂ kw`mjWw. a\n\p≈nse¥mWp≈sX∂pw
\mhpIƒ a{¥n°p∂sX¥msW∂pw IrXyhpw kq£vahpambn Adnbmhp∂ A√mlphn¬ A
N©eambn hnizkn°p∂h¿s°ßs\ Ifhp ]dbm≥ km[n°pw? hymPhm¿ØIƒ \n¿an
°pIbpw Xs‚ am[yaØn\v k¿°ptej≥ h¿[n∏n°m\p≈ sk≥tkjW¬ I≠‚v Bbn
Ah sb D ] tbm Kn °p Ibpw sN øp ∂ hcpw F Xn cm fn sb X d ] ‰n °m \m bn \p W Iƒ \n¿ an °p 
Ibpw {]Ncn∏n°pIbpw sNøp∂hcpsam∂pw apkvenw kaqlØnep≠mbn°qsS∂v hy‡am
°p∂XmWv Cu kw`mjWw. apkvenwIƒ°v \pW]dbm≥ \ymboIcWßfns√∂¿Yw.
Ip´nIsf {] tem`n∏n°m\mbn \pW ] d bp∂ amXm]nXm°ƒ Xß fpsS aSnØ´n¬ hf¿
Øp∂Xv s]cpw \pWb≥amcmbnØocm≥ km[yXbp≈ a°sfbmsW∂ hkvXpX ad∂pIqSm.
Xs∂ {]tNmZn∏n°p∂Xn\mbn \pW ]dbp∂ c£nXm°fn¬ \n∂v "\pW A{X Ipg∏ap≈X
√' F∂ ktµiw ]Tn°p∂ Ip´nIƒ CtX X{¥w kplrØp°tfmSpw ktlmZcßtfmSpw A
[ym]ItcmSpsa√mw ]b‰nsØfnbp∂tXmsS InSb‰ \pWb≥am¿ P\n°pIbmbn. \pW sNdp
XmsW¶nepw hepXmsW¶nepw AXv tcJs∏SpØpsa∂pw hnNmcW\mfn¬ Ah Xn∑Ifmbn
I\w Xqßpsa∂pw ]Tn∏n°s∏´h¿°v Fßs\bmWv Ip´nItfmSmsW¶nepw \pW ]dbm≥ I
gnbpI? "\pW tcJs∏SpØpI \pWbmbn´p Xs∂bmWv. Hcp sIm®p\pW sIm®p\pWbmbn
Xs∂ FgpXs∏Sp∂p' (kzlolp apkvenw) F∂mWt√m \_n ]Tn∏n®ncn°p∂Xv. A–p√m
ln_v \p Ban¿hn¬\n∂v \nthZ\w sNøs∏´ Hcp A\p`h IY, kp\\p A_oZmhoZn¬ D
≤cn°s∏´n´p≠v. AXv Cßs\bmWv. "Hcn°¬ Ft¥m ImcyØn\v Hcp km[\w Xcmsa∂v ]
d™psIm≠v Fs‚ DΩ Fs∂ hnfn®p. At∏mƒ \_n R ß fp sS ho ´n ep ≠m bn cp∂p. F 
¥mWv sImSp°m≥ t]mIp∂sX∂v \_n DΩtbmSv tNmZn®p. "Hcp Imc°' F∂v Ah¿ adp]
Sn ]d™t∏mƒ \_n Hm¿as∏SpØn. "B Imc° \n߃ Cu Ip´n°v sImSp°mXncp∂m¬
Hcp \pW ] d ™ Ip‰w \nß fpsS I¿  a tcJ bn¬ F gpXs∏ Spw' "Bsc¶nepw Hcp km[\w \
¬Imsa∂v ]d™v Hcp Ip´nsb hnfn®phcpØpIbpw AXv \¬ImXncn°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ A 
] {Xm [n ]¿ °v  ] d bm \p ≈ Xv 
2013 G{]n¬ 8
sXmcp \pW ]d®nembn' F∂v \_n ]d™Xmbn Camw AlvaZv tcJs∏SpØnbn´p≠v.
a\n¬ H∂psh®v ]pdta°v as‰m∂v ]dbp∂Xv \pWbmsW∂v Xs∂bmWv {]hmNI≥ ]
Tn∏n®ncn°p∂Xv. "Hcp km[\w e`n°Wsa∂ tamlw a\n¬ Hfn∏n®psh®v AXnt\msSmcp tam
lhpan√msb∂ kv{XoIfpsS h¿Øam\w \pWbmbn KWn°s∏Sptam?' F∂ tNmZyØn\mWv "\p
W \pWbmbn´v Xs∂bmWv tcJs∏SpØs∏SpI'sb∂v \_n adp]Sn ]d™Xv. (kzlolp apkv
enw) kXyhnizmknIfpsS \mhpw a\pw Htc Xmf{IaØnembncn°Wsa∂mWv \_n ChnsS
]Tn∏n°p∂Xv. a\nep≈sX√mw ]pdØp]dbWsa∂√ CXn¬ \n∂v a\nemt°≠Xv; a\n
ep≈tX ]pdØp]dmhqsb∂mWv. B{KlamsW¶nepw BibamsW¶nepw a\n¬ Hfn∏n®ph
®Xn\v hncp≤ambn, A hkcØns\mØv h¿Øam\w ] d bp∂ Xv kXy hnizmknIfpsS io eambn
°qSm. AØcw h¿Ø\am\ßsf√mw I≈ßfmbn tcJs∏SpØpsa∂pw hnNmcW\mfn¬ Xn≥a
bpsS Xpemkns‚ I\w h¿[n∏n°p∂hbmWv Ahsb∂pap≈ t_m[w \mhpIsf \nb{¥n°m≥
\ap°v {]tNmZ\amth≠XmWv.
I≈w IS∂phcmdp≈ Hcp {][m\s∏´ taJebmWv XamiIƒ. t\cwt]m°n\pth≠n \pWI
ƒ ]dbptºmƒ AXv hy‡nIfpambn _‘s∏SpØn AhXcn∏n°m\mWv BfpIƒ°v Xm¬]cyw.
Pohn®ncn°p∂htcm acn®htcm Bb BcpsSsb¶nepw PohnXhpambn _‘s∏SpØn XamiIƒ
]dbp∂h¿ \pW, ]cZqjWw F∂o Cc´]m]ßfmWv sNøp∂sX∂v ]et∏mgpw Nn¥n°mdn√.
"BfpIsf Nncn∏n°phm\mbn \pWbn¬ sa\s™SpØ IYIƒ ]dbp∂h¿°v \miw' F∂v {]
hmNI≥ {]m¿Yn®Xmbn PmanDØn¿anZnbnep≠v. as‰√m Imcyßfnepw kXyk‘X ]pe¿Øp
∂h\msW¶n¬ t]mepw Xamibmbpw X¿°n°ptºmgpw Ifhp ]dbp∂h\mWv Hcmsf¶n¬ A
bmfpsS Cuam\n\v Ipg∏aps≠∂v {]hmNI≥ ]Tn∏n®Xmbn Camw AlvaZv \nthZ\w sNbvXn
´p≠v. \pW ]dbns√∂v {]Xn⁄ sNbvXv Pohn°p∂h¿°v kz¿Kaps≠∂v \_n kt¥mjhm
¿Øbdnbn®Xmbp≈ Camw ss_lJnbpsS \nthZ\w \mhns\ kq£n°p∂h¿°v {]Xo£ \
¬Ip∂XmWv. "t\cwt]m°mbn t]mepw \pW ]dbns√∂v \njvI¿jbp≈bmƒ°v kz¿KØn\v \
Sphn¬ Hcp hoSv Rm≥ Dd∏p\¬Ip∂p' F∂XmWv \_nhmKvZm\w.
X\nt°m Xs‚ I£nt°m Pbn°p∂Xn\mbn I≈sØfnhpIfp≠m°pIbpw AXv {]Ncn∏n
°pIbpw sNøp∂Xv ]mXIamsW∂mWv Ckvemw ]Tn∏n°p∂Xv. "sImSpw]m]ßsf°pdn®v Rm≥
\n߃°v ]d™pXcs´tbm' F∂v aq∂ph´w tNmZn°pIbpw "ssZhZqXsc ]d™pX∂mepw' F
∂ A\pNc {]XnIcWØn\v adp]Snbmbn "A√mlphn¬ ]¶ptN¿°pI, amXm]nXm°tfmSv A
\pkcW t°Sv ImWn°pI, A \ymb ambn sIme sNøpI' F ∂v ] d bpIbpw sNbv X {] hmNI\
S]Sn kzlolp¬ _pJmcnbn¬ \nthZ\w sNøs∏´n´p≠v. CsX√mw {]hmNI≥ ]d™Xv Nmcnbn
cp∂psIm≠mbncp∂p. aq∂p alm]mXIßsf∏‰n ]d™ tijw {]hmNI≥ Fgpt∂‰p\n∂p.
]ns∂ At±lw Bh¿Øn®p]d™psIm≠ncp∂p. "\pW ]db¬; I≈sØfnhv \¬I¬; \n›
bw, A√mlp \∂mbn Adnbp∂p≠v'. "\_n an≠mXncp∂psh¶n¬' F∂v kzlm_nam¿ B{Kln
°pthmfw CXv Bh¿Øn®psIm≠ncp∂ \_n\S]Snbn¬\n∂v \pW ]dbp∂Xns‚bpw hymP sX
fnhpIfp≠m°p∂Xns‚bpw Kuchw F{XtØmfamsW∂v a\nem°m≥ Ignbpw. tImSXnbn¬\n
t∂m P\ßfn¬\nt∂m GXp XcØnep≈ hn[nbmWv e`nt°≠sX∂v ap≥Iq´n AXp e`n°m\m
hiyamb co Xnbn¬ sXfnhv \n¿an°p∂ Xv F ¥pam{Xw henb ]mXIamsW ∂v CXv kpXcmw hy 
‡am°p∂p≠v.
I≈w ]dbpItbm {]Ncn∏n°pItbm sNøm≥ ]mSns√∂v kaqlsØ ]Tn∏nt°≠hcmWv ]
finX≥amcpw {]t_m[Icpw. Ahcpw Cu ZuXyw icnbmwhÆw \n¿hln°mXncp∂m¬ CØcw
Xn∑Iƒ hym]IamhpIbmbncn°pw ^ew. kz¥Ønt\m k¥w I£nt°m A\pIqeamb Ifhp
Iƒ ]dbpItbm {]’mln∏n°pItbm {]Ncn∏n°pItbm sNøp∂hcmbnØocmXncn°m≥ {]t_m
[Isc√mw {i≤nt°≠XmWv. \pW{]NcWhpw hymPtcJ \n¿amWhpw Xm¬°menIamb kwXr
]vXnbpw hnPbhpw {]Zm\w sNbvtX°mw; F∂m¬ BXy¥nIambn \miw am{XamWv AXv hcpØn
sh°pIsb∂ {]hmNI]mTw Dƒs°m≈m≥ F√mh¿°pw Igntb≠Xp≠v. Ahkm\ImeØv h
cm  \n cn°p∂hsc∂v {]hmNI≥ ap∂dnbn∏v \¬Inb NXnb≥amcpw \pWb≥amcpambhcpsS K
WØn¬ s]SmXncn°m≥ A√mlp \sΩsb√mw A\p{Kln°s´ (Bao≥).
{]hmNI≥ ]d™p. "Fs‚ kapZmbØn¬ Ahkm\\mfn¬ Hcp Xcw P\ßfp≠mhpw. N
Xnb≥amcpw \pWb≥amcpambncn°pw Ah¿. \nßtfm ]q¿hnItcm Hcn°epw tI´n´n√mØ ]e
Xpw Ah¿ \nßtfmSv ]dbpw... AØc°msc kq£n°pI. \nßsf Ah¿ hgnsX‰n®v Ipg∏Øn
em°mXncn°m≥ kq£vaX ]men°pI' (kzlolv apkvvenw).
2013 G{]n¬ 9
Xkv\ow ^ukn

CkvemanI A[ym]\ßfn¬ a\pjykaqlØns‚ ASnÿm
\m hiyßsfbpw Ae¶mc hn`hßsfbpsa√mw th¿Xn cn®p sIm 
≠p≈ kphy‡amb {]kvXmh\Iƒ ImWmw. `£Ww, hkv{Xw,
]m¿ ∏nSw, XpSßnb ASnÿm\ kma{KnIsf AanXamImsX, A 
Xn s‚ XcmXcßfn¬ AXncp IhnbmsX D]tbmKs∏SpØ W sa 
∂ XmWv Ckvemans‚ imk\. PohnX hnc‡nbneq∂n {]]© 
{k„mhns‚ A\p{KlßtfmSpw, Ae¶mcßtfmSpw ]pdwXncn™p
\n¬°p∂Xns\ Ckvemw I¿i\ambn hne°nbncn°pIbmWv. C
ctXSp∂Xn\pw, CWtNcp∂Xn\pw IqsSmcp°p∂Xn\psa√mw D≈
AXy¥w hnkvabIcamb ssh`h߃ PohPmeßfn¬ P≥akn
≤ambn k∂nthin°s∏´n´p≠v. AtXkabw \mWw ad°m\p≈
hkv{Xw a\pjy{]IrXnbpsS am{Xw ASnÿm\mhiyamWv. ""BZw
k ¥XnItf, \n߃°v \mw \nßfpsS tKm]yÿm\߃ ad bv 
°m \pXIp∂ hkv{Xhpw Ae¶mchkv{Xhpw \¬Inbncn°p∂p.
[¿a\njvTbmIp∂ hkv{XamIs´ AXmWv IqSpX¬ DØaw. Ah¿
{i ≤n®p a\nem°phm≥ th≠n A√mlp AhXcn∏n°p∂ sX 
fn hp Ifn¬ s]´Xs{X AXv.'' (kqdØv AAvdm^v 26)
Fs‚ hkv{Xw {]Xntcm[amWv;
s]◊bpsS ]q¿WXbpw
2013 G{]n¬ 10
kz¿KobhmkØn\nSbn¬ ]nimNn
s‚ Zp¿t_m[\Øn\Sns∏´v BZnamXm
]nXm °fpsS kz¿Kobhkv{Xw \oßn 
t∏m hpIbpw AhcpsS \·X shfn s∏ 
SpIbpw sNbvX kw`hw D≤cn® tijw
]cnip≤ Izp¿B≥ kqdØv AAvdm^n
¬ a\pjys‚ `qhmkØn\p \mµnIpdn
® hnjb߃ ssIImcyw sNøp∂p≠v.
`q anbn¬ A[nhkn°m≥ Bcw`n® a 
\pjykaqlØn\v {]Yahpw {][m\hp
ambn \¬Inb A\p{Klambn {k„mhv
h kv{Xhn`hsØ AhnsS ]cm a¿ in ®n 
cn°pIbmWv. GXv \yqUnÃmsW¶nepw
Xcnºpw hkv{Xw ths≠∂v hmZn°m≥
Ah\v As√¶n¬ Ahƒ°v IgnbmØ
hÆw Iemhÿbnse {]XnIqe LSI
߃°v Ah¿ Iogvs]t´ aXnbmhq. F
{X hkv{X hntcm[nIfmsW¶nepw sIm
Snb XWp∏n\pw ITn\amb NqSn\pw A
\p krXambn sshhn[yam¿∂ thjhn 
[m \߃ kzoIcnt® aXnbmhq. B[p 
\nI hkv{X hn]Wnbnse ^mj≥ Xcw
K ßƒ BsWs∂√mw P¬]n®v ]ehn 
t[\ hkv{X߃ [cn°p∂, [cn°m≥
a’ cn°p∂hcmWv C°q´cn¬ Gdnb
]¶pw. AXnat\mlcamb h¿Wßfn¬
XqhepIfpw, tcma°q´ßfpw F√mambn
PohPme߃ ]cnc£n°s∏Sptºmƒ
kq £vaambn FSpØv AWntb≠ DS 
bm SIƒ aptJ\ a\pjykaqlØnse
B Wpw s]Æpw DZmØamb Hcp ]cn c 
£bnte°v B\bn°s∏SpIbmWv. C
kv emw AhnsSbpw IrXyamb \nba\n 
¿tZi߃ A\pimkn®n´p≠v. BWpw
s]Æpw A\ph¿Ønt°≠ hkv {Xacym
 ZIƒ IWniambn ]Tn∏n® aXamWv C
kv emw. km¿h{XnIambn kv{Xo]o U \ 
ß  ƒ Actßdptºmƒ Ckv emanI
hkv{X ImgvN∏mSpIsf AwKoI cn °p 
I bpw AXn\pth≠n apdhn fn Iq ´pI bp 
sams° sNøp∂hcpsS kXzc {i≤ ]
Xn tb≠ kp{][m\amb hkvXpX I fp 
≠v. Ckvemw apt∂m´psh® thjhn[m
\w At`Zyamb kpc£nX IhNamsW
∂Xv At∏mƒ AhnX¿°nXamIpw.
kºq ¿W kp c£bp sS hn ip ≤
]mT߃
Znt\s\ ]oU\hm¿ØIƒ s]cpIp
tºmƒ ]ehn[tI{µßfn¬ \n∂pw am
\y amb hkv{X[mcWw kzoIcn®mte
s] Æn\p c£bp≈q F∂ hn[ Ø n ep 
≈ {]NmcWßfpw i‡n {]m]n°p∂p≠v . ] 
t  £, Cu am\yXbpsS hkv{Xw \n¿hNn°m≥
Ah¿°m¿°pw {XmWnbns√∂Xpw {it≤bam
Wv. ChnsSbmWv {k„mhv kv{Xo°v I\n™cp
fnb {Uv tImUv t{]mPzeamIp∂Xv . Hcp kaql
Øn s‚ kpc£nXXzØns‚ am\Zfiambn {] 
hmNI≥ Nq≠n°mWn®Xv s]Æv \n¿`bambn
k©cn°p∂ ÿnXnhntijw D≠mbncn°pI
F∂XmWv. B[p\nItemIØv AXni‡ambn
{] t_m[\w sNtø≠ XncpsamgnbmWv AXv.
C kv emans‚ ]cn]q¿Wamb hf¿®sbØnb
kaq lØn¬ k≥B apX¬ lfv¿auXv hsc
s]Æn\v \n¿`bw k©cn°m≥ BIpsa∂ Xncp
h N\w C∂ns‚ ImeØv F{X {]k‡amWv!
hnhml_ ‘w \njn≤amsbmcp Iq´v s]Æn\v
kZm A\nhmcyamWv. AcpXmØ t\m´ßfpw
kv]¿i\ßfpamsb√mw s]Æns\ AhaXn°p
∂ XcØn¬ CSs]SepIƒ ]pcpjs‚ `mKØv
\n∂p≠mbm¬ {]Xn∏´nIbn¬ H∂maXmbn s]
Æns‚ thjhn[m\w IS∂phcpsa∂mWv Izp¿
B s‚ kqN\. \n߃ am\ybmWv, Ipeo\bm 
Wv, F∂v Xcn®dnbs∏Sm\pw ieyw sNøs∏Sm
Xn cn°m\pw icocw Np‰ns∏mXnbp∂ Ab™
h kv{Xw [cn°Wsa∂ ]cn]mh\amb ] cn c 
£bmWv \mY≥ I\n™cpfnbn´p≈Xv. am\yX
bpsS aIptSmZmlcWamb Cu Ab™ DSbmS
sb ]¿Zsbt∂m, _p¿Jsbt∂m, Pn¬_ms_
t∂m XpSßn Fßns\sb√mw A`nkwt_m[\
sNbvXmepw Ahbh߃ AwK{]XywKw {]Xn
^en∏n°msX Ab™p Xqßn°nS°Wsa∂v
Xs∂bmWv Ckvemw \njvI¿jn°p∂Xv. AXn
\IØmWv kv {Xosb∂ AaqeycXv \w kzbw B
flm`nam\tØmsS hncmPnt°≠Xv. kIeam\
kv{XoNqjWßsfbpw XpcØntbmSn°p∂ {]
Xntcm[ IhNamWXv. apkvenw kv{XobpsS Cu
Hcp kaqlØns‚ kp  c 
£n  X  XzØns‚ am\  Z  fi 
ambn {]hm N I ≥ Nq≠n 
°m Wn ® Xv s] Æv \n¿` b 
ambn k  ©  cn °p∂ ÿn 
Xn hn ti jw D≠mbncn°p I
F∂XmWv. B[p  \n   I  tem 
I  Øv AXni  ‡  ambn {] 
t_m  [\w sNtø  ≠ Xnc  p 
sam gn bm Wv AXv. C kvem an 
s‚ ]cn]q¿Wamb hf¿® 
sbØnb kaqlØn¬ k
≥B apX¬ lfv¿auXv hsc
s] Æn \v \n¿`bw k © cn 
°m ≥ BIpsa∂ XncphN
\w C∂ns‚ ImeØv F{X
{]k‡amWv!
2013 G{]n¬ 11
kp c£m IhNsØ ^mjs‚bpw s{S 
‚ns‚bpsa√mw t]cn¬ A´nadn®psIm
≠v B]¬°camb ]cnjv Imc߃
BhnjvIcn®h¿ icockuµcykwc£
W w F∂ ]mh\ [¿aØns‚ ISbv° 
emWv IØnsh®Xv. ]¿ZbWn™pw A
_mb [cn®pw \b\ kpJØn\v tIm∏p
Iq´p∂ Zpc¥amWv Aßns\ kwPmX 
am bXv. CkvemanI hkv{Xw [cn®v ] c 
ky ambn \oNhrØnIƒ {]h ¿ Ø n °p 
∂hcpw kn\nam`n\bØns‚ te_en¬
AXns\ XmdSn°p∂hcpsa√mw kpe 
`  ambns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv . apkv enw
kv{XobpsS hkv{Xw ]pdw temIØv F
{]Imcambncn°Wsa∂Xns‚ \n_‘
\Iƒ IrXyambn {]Xn]mZn°s∏´Xnte
°v aSßpI F∂p≈XmWv CØcpW 
Ø n¬ kXzcw sNtø≠Xv. apkvenw h 
\nXbpsS hkv {Xw CdpIn∏nSn°msX A
bhp≈Xpw t\¿ab√mØXpw icocØn
s‚ amwkfamb Ahbh`wKnsb {]Xn 
^en∏n°mØXpw kpK‘] q cn X a √m 
Ø Xpw ]pcpjkaqlw kzoIcn®p hcp 
∂ thjtØmSv XmZmflyw ]pe¿Øm≥
]mSn√mØXpamsW∂ A[ym]\߃
Im‰n¬ ]dØs∏SmXncn°m\mWv \mw
PmKcqIcmtI≠Xv. F¥p Xncs™Sp 
°ptºmgpw AXp `£Wambmepw ]m¿
∏nSambmepw AXns‚ kp`{Zamb KpW
KWßsf {i≤n°p∂ a\pjy≥ hkv {X
Øns‚ hnjbØn¬ I≠w sh®Xpw C
cp hi߃ IodnbXpw aqSp {]Z¿in ∏n 
°p∂Xpw amdnSw shfnhm°p∂Xpsa√mw
Xncs™Sp°p∂Xv ]XnhmWv. BZnam
Xm]nXm°fmb BZw s\bpw lhsbbpw
kz¿Kob I\n `£n∏n®v \·X shfnhm°n∏n®v
\miØnem°nb ss]imNnI Zp¿t_m[\߃
C ∂pw \ne\n¬°p∂p. \·Xm {]Z¿i\w k ¿ 
hkoaIfpw ewLn®pIgn™ B[p\nIImeØv
{k„mhns‚ \nbamXn¿ØnIfpw adIfpw t` Zn 
° s∏SmXncn°m\p≈ AXni‡amb DZvt_m 
[\߃ A\nhmcyamWv.
ASpØnsS _mw•qcnse I_≥ ]m¿°n¬
an\nkvI¿´pw anUnbpsa√mw C´v GXm\pw ]pcp
j≥am¿ kv{Xo]oU\Øns\Xnsc tPmen°mcm
b kv {XoIfpsS Im¿anIXzØn¬ AWn\nc∂Xm
bn I≠p. B kv{XoIƒ°pw ]pcpj≥am¿°pw
h kv{Xw Hcn°epw kpc£nXXzØn\v `ojWn 
bs√∂mWv sXfnbn°m\p≠mbncp∂Xv. ]ehn
[ hnÕnthjßfpw sI´nbmSnbmWv C°q´¿ Cu
]ºc hnÕnØw Fgp∂≈n®sX∂v am{Xw. kv 
{Xothjw [cn® Xßsf Bcpw Itø‰w sNøm≥
Xp\n™n´ns√∂pw AXn\m¬Øs∂ ]oU\]
¿ hØn\v ]n∂nse hn√≥ hkv{Xas√∂pw ka 
¿Yn °\mWv Ah¿ an\s°´Xv. bYm¿YØn¬
CØcw tIm{]mb߃ hkv{XØnse A]mI 
XIƒ kv{Xosb F¥pam{Xw {]XnIqeambn _m
[n°p∂psh∂XmWv hnfn®dnbn°p∂Xv. kv{Xo
k aqlw AWnbp∂ A¬]hkv{X߃ [cn®
]pcpjs\ tImamfnsbt∏mse ho£n® kaqlw
AtX hkv{Xw [cn® kv{Xosb sskzcambn Po
hn°m≥ A\phZn°p∂ns√∂nSØmWv hnjb
Øns‚ a¿aw. kv{Xothjw sI´nb Xßsf B
cpw Ibdn∏nSn®ns√∂v hoºnf°p∂ ]cpj≥am¿
AdnbmsX t]mb Hcp alm ]cam¿Yap≠v. A 
Y hm Ah¿ kv{XoIf√ ]pcpj≥amcmsW∂v;
A Xn\memWh¿ Itø‰w sNøs∏Sm Xn ∏Sm Xn 
cp ∂sX∂v . GXpImeØpw kv{Xo Itø‰w sN 
øs∏Sp∂ps≠¶n¬ Ahƒ BZyw t\mt°≠Xv
Xm≥ C´n´p≈ hkv{XØnte°mWv. Xm≥ [¿a
\njvTbmIp∂ hkv{Xw AWn™p sIm≠v _m
lyambn Np‰ns∏mXn™hfmtWm, AtXm hkv
{X aWn™ hnhkv{XIfmbmtWm F∂v {]Y a 
ambn ]cntim[n°s∏tS≠Xp≠v. ""\_ntb, \n
s‚ ]Xv\namtcmSpw ]p{XnamtcmSpw kXyhnizm
knIfpsS kv {XoItfmSpw Ah¿ XßfpsS aqSp]
S߃ XßfpsS ta¬ XmgvØnbnSm≥ ]dbpI.
A h¿ Xncn®dnbs∏Sphm\pw, Aßs\ Ah¿
ieyw sNøs∏SmXncn°phm\pw AXmWv G ‰ 
h pw A\ptbmPyambXv. A√mlp Gsd s]mdp 
°p∂h\pw IcpWm\n[nbpamIp∂p.'' (kqd A
 ¬  Alvkm_v 59)
hkv{Xmt£]w sNøs∏Sp∂ hkvXpXIƒ
hnip≤ Izp¿B≥ PohnXØns‚ kIeam\
Xp d Ifnepw kv{Xo°pw ]pcpj\pw th≠ \n b 
kv {XoNqjW ]  c  º  c  I  ƒ
sImSpºncn  sIm ≈p tºm ƒ
Hcp thf G tXm \nwK`m 
h Øn tet°m AX s√ ¶n¬
AXns\ {Iqcambn BkzZn
°p ∂ XeØn te t°m icm 
i cn ae bm fn amdn°gn ™n 
cn °p ∂p. sk Ivkv Sqd n k 
Øn \v hf°qdp≈ \m Sm bn
{ZpX K Xn bn¬ \ΩpsS \m Sn 
s\ ]cnWan   ∏n °m\p≈ H
fn b P≠Iƒ Cu A] N b 
Øns‚ ASnthcpIƒ tXSn
bm¬ Z¿in°m\mIpw.
2013 G{]n¬ 12
a ßƒ BhnjvIcn®n´p≠v. ]pcpj t\m 
sS ∂ t]mse kv{XotbmSpw Zr„n \n b 
{¥n°Wsa∂pw F¶n¬ am{Xta Kplym
hbh߃ ]cnip≤ambn ImØp ]cn]m
en °s∏SpIbp≈q F∂pw hnip≤ Izp 
¿ B≥ A\pimkn®n´p≠v. AXnt\mSv
tN¿ØpsIm≠v Xs∂ kv {XoItfmSv apJ
a °\Iƒ amdnSØnte°v Xmgv Øn bn S 
W sa∂v {]tXyIw \njvI¿jn®n´p≠v.
Xm gvØnbnSWw, Xq°nbnSWw Fs∂ 
√mw ]d™m¬ AXv Cdp°ns° ´n∏q ´ 
¬ As√∂v a\nem°m≥ kmam\y_p
≤n aXn. CkvemanI hkv{X[mcWsØ
PUXzØns‚bpw A]cnjvIrX XzØn 
s‚ bpw ap{ZbSn®v Bt£]n ®ncp∂ h ¿ 
° pw AXns\ AhKWn®n cp∂ h¿ °p 
sa√mw C∂v Ckveman\v ]pdØp≈h¿
Xs∂ CkvemanI hkv{XØns‚ ta ≥ 
abpw alXzhpw hniZoIcn®psIm≠v a
dp]Sn ]dbp∂Xv ipt`mZ¿°amWv. a\p
jy \v {]]©\mY≥ sImSpØ _p≤n
achn®p t]mbn´ns√¶n¬ kv{Xokpc£
°v {]Yahpw {][m\hpambn th≠Xv
kv {XobpsS hkv {X[mcWw A¥p‰Xm
bn cn°pI F∂ ]cam¿Yw t_m [yam 
Im Xncn°n√. sslµhk\ymknamcpw
]p tcmlnX≥amcpw XpSßn a‰p t\Xr 
Xz ßfnse ]ecpw Hcp`mKØv Ckv em 
anI thjhn[m\sØ {]Io¿Øn®t∏m
ƒ adphiØv tIfntI´ ]e _p≤nPo 
hnIfpw Nph∂ sXcphn\v tIcfØns‚
aÆn¬ A\paXn \¬IWsa∂ h¶Ø
am Wv Fgp∂≈n®Xv. thiymhrØn°v
\nbam\pkrXamb AwKoImcw \¬In
°gn™m¬ kv{Xo]oU\߃°v Adp
Xn bmhpsa∂v ]peºm≥ A]mc N¿a 
ku`mKyw Xs∂ thWw! \nba]cambn
sdUvkv{So‰v D≈ \ΩpsS sat{Sms]mfn
‰≥ \Kcßfn¬ kv{XobpsS \ne F¥p
am{Xw ]cnXm]IcamsW∂ efnXamb
kXyw hº≥ _p≤nPohn \mSy°m¿°
dn bmsX t]mbncn°p∂p. [m¿anIX X 
cnºpw Ahtijn°mØh¿°v F¥pam
Imat√m. skan\mdpIfpw kntºmknb
ß fpw CSXShn√msX hnfn®p Iq´n A 
d ∏p fhm°p∂ ]cnlmc߃ ]S®p hn 
Sp ∂h¿°v kIe ]cn[nIfpw ssI tam 
iw h∂ncn°p∂p. kv{XoNqjW ]cº
c Iƒ sImSpºncns°m≈ptºmƒ Hcp
thf GtXm \nwK`mhØntet°m A
X s√¶n¬ AXns\ {Iqcambn BkzZn 
°p∂ XeØntet°m icmicn aebmfn
amdn°gn™ncn°p∂p. skIvkv SqdnkØn\v h
f °qdp≈ \mSmbn {ZpXKXnbn¬ \ΩpsS \m Sn 
s\ ]cnWan∏n°m\p≈ HfnbP≠Iƒ Cu A
]NbØns‚ ASnthcpIƒ tXSnbm¬ Z¿in°m
\mIpw.
ko{Xo]oU\ {]Xnk‘n?
kv{XoIƒ°p t\scbp≈ IS∂pIb‰ßsf
H cp ss{Iknkmbn AhXcn∏n°pIbmWv B 
[p\nItemIw. s]mfn‰n°¬ ss{Iknkv, ^n\m
≥jy¬ ss{Iknkv F∂nßs\bp≈hbpsS ]
´n Ibn¬ Hcp td∏v ss{Iknkv F∂ a´n¬ em 
LhXztØmsS FÆp∂Xns\Xncn¬ hfsc I
cp XepIsfSpt°≠Xp≠v. s]Æmbm¬ ]oUn 
∏n °s∏Spsa∂ coXnbn¬ Hgp°≥ a´n¬ A 
sXmcp {]IrXn {]Xn`mkamsW∂p hcpØnØo
¿°p∂hcpap≠v . ]m›mXytemIØv CXv kw_
‘ambn \S°p∂ k¿thIfpw ]T\^eßfpw
Htc kabw ]cnXm]Ichpw `oXnZhpamWv. A 
hnsS s]Æns\ ]q¿Wambpw CØcw ssewKnI
Ip‰IrXyßfn¬ \ns∂√mw Ip‰hn ap ‡ am °n 
bn´ p≈ IpºkmcamWv \S∂psIm≠ncn°pXv.
AYhm kv{Xosb am\`wKs∏SpØs∏SpIsb∂
Xv Hcp tIhe kzm`mhnI {]IrXn]camb {]Xn
`m  kw (Natural phenomenon) BsW∂mWv A
h¿ ka¿Yn°p∂Xv. AØcw Itø‰ßsf A¿
ln°p∂ Ah⁄tbmsS AhKWn°Wsa∂pw
"C‰v Cukv t\m´v bph¿ ankvt‰sI∂pw' F√mw
]p eºn s{_bn≥ hmjv sNøp∂ {]hWX A 
Xy¥w amcIamWv. ssewKnI Itø‰ßƒ°v ti
j ap≈ am\knImLmXØn¬ \n∂v c£ t\ 
Sm \p≈ Ipdp°phgnIsf°pdn®pw Iu¨ k en 
ßv skt‚gvkns\ Ipdn®psa√mw BWv Ah¿
s]men∏n®p ]Tn∏n®psIm≠ncn°p∂Xv. K¿`[m
Ckv emanI hkv {X  [m  c  W 
sØ PUXzØns‚bpw A
]cnjvIrXXzØns‚bpw ap
{ZbSn®v Bt£]n®ncp∂h
¿°pw AXns\ AhKWn®n
  cp∂  h  ¿  °p  sa  √mw C∂v
Ckv eman\v ]pdØp≈h¿
Xs∂ Ckv   emanI hkv   {X 
Øn  s‚ ta≥abpw al  X  z 
hpw hniZoIcn®psIm ≠v a 
dp ]Sn ]dbp∂Xv ip t`m Z ¿ 
° amWv. a\pjy \v {]]© 
\mY≥ sImSpØ _p≤n a
chn®p t]mbn´ns√¶n¬, kv
{Xokpc£°v {]Yahpw
{][m\hpambn th≠Xv kv
{XobpsS hkv{X[mcWw A
¥ p‰Xmbncn°pI F∂
]cam¿Yam Wv.
2013 G{]n¬ 13
cWsØØSbp∂ kpc£mam¿K߃
kZm IqsS IcpXns°m≈Wsa∂pw, C
\n amkapd sX‰nbm¬ DS≥ {]Xnhn[n
sNøWsa∂psa√mw t_m[hXvIcn°p
∂  h¿ s]Æn s\ AXn \oNambn
NqjWw sNøp∂Xns‚ Icfenbn∏n°p
∂ {IqcapJßsfbmWv ImWn®pXcp∂
Xv. s]ÆpSens\ ]camh[n ]ngn™v
am¿°‰ns\ kv \nKv Zam°m≥ t\mºpt\m
 ‰n cn°p∂h¿°v Ahƒ am\yamb h kv 
{X[mcWØnte°v A`bw ]p¬Ip∂Xn
s\ ]camh[n XSbntS≠Xp≠v . AXn\m
¬ apkvenw s]Æns‚ Aaqeyamb, ]cn
]mh\amb ]cnc£sb kZm XmdSnt°
≠ Xp≠v. AXn\m¬Øs∂ td∏v ss{I 
kn kv C√mXm°m\p≈ ]ca{] [m \ a m 
b , Cu]mh\amb {UvtImUv Ah¿ 
°v Hcp ImeØpw Zln°mdpan√.
kXyk‘amb IgvN∏mSpw \oXn bp 
‡amb {]Xnhn[nbpw
hy`nNmcsa∂ alm]m]Ønte°v
FØn°s∏Sp∂ ImcWßfn¬ ]et∏m
gpw kv{XobpsS `mKØp \n∂p≈ kuµ
cy {]Z¿i\ßfpw {]tem`\ßfpw ir w 
KmctN„Ifpw {][m\ ]¶phln°p∂p
s≠∂XmWv t\cv. dnt∏m¿´v sNøs∏Sp
∂ AkwJyw _em¬kwKßfpsSbpw
]o Un∏n®p sIm√epIfpsSbpw F√mw
]n∂mºpdßfn¬ Cu \·kXyw \ne
sIm≈p∂ps≠¶nepw ]et∏mgpw A\m
hc Ww sNøs∏Smdn√. {]amZamb Z ¬ 
l n kw`hØnepw AkabØv A\y 
]p cpj\pambn CdßnØncn®p F∂Xv
B ¿°pw \ntj[n°m\mhn√. AØ c 
sam cp L´Øn¬ s]Æn\p t\cnt´ °m 
hp ∂ Zpc¥amWv a\pjy∏nimNp ° fn 
eqsS ActßdnbXv. GXm\pw h¿jß
ƒ°∏pdw PmXnaXØns‚ AXn¿hcºp
I  fn√msX Cßns\ kXyk‘ambn
hnebncpØp∂ Nn¥mtijnbp≈hcpsS
Hcp kaqlw Xs∂ \nehnep≠m bn cp 
∂ p. C∂mIs´ ]cnjvImcØns‚bpw
Ãm‰kns‚bpw tkmj  y  em  Ip  ∂  Xn  s‚ 
bpw F√mw t]cn¬ CØcw B¨ s]¨
kulrZßfpw kzImcy HØpIqSpepI
fpsa√mw icnhXv°cn°s∏´ncn°p∂p.
] Øpan\n‰v sIm≠v R߃°v K¿`ap 
≠m°m\mIpsa∂pw AXv \n߃°v {]
khn °Wsa¶n¬ ]Øpam ksaSp t° 
≠  n hcpsas∂√map≈ s]mXp {]kvXm
h \ Iƒ kv{XokaqlsØ A`nap Jo I 
cn ®v \SØp∂Xv A{X am\yas√¶nepw s] Æn 
s‚ a\n¬ BgØn¬ thcqt∂≠ bmYm¿Yy
am WXv. ]c]pcpj\pambp≈ GXp hn[ kº 
¿°ßfpw Pohimkv{X]cambn s]Ænt\¬]n
°p∂ £X߃ IqSpX¬ KpcpXcambncn°pw.
]ckv {XoKa\w ]pcpjs\ kw_‘n®nStØmfw
A\phZ\oba√mØ ta®n¬∏pdßfneqsSbp≈
sskz chnlmcamWv. bYm¿YØn¬ i‡amb
Ahs‚ k≥am¿KnI t_m[amWv Ahs\ Iq 
®p hneßn´p \ndpØp∂Xv. kv{Xosbbpw ]pc p 
j s\bpw Hcpt]mse th´bmSp∂ amcI ssew 
Kn ItcmK߃ hgnhn´ ssewKnI PohnXw \ 
bn°p∂h¿°nSbn¬ \nch[n Bhn¿`mhw sN
bv Xp Ign™n´ps≠¶nepw am\knIhpw im co 
cn Ihpamb ]cn°pIƒ s]Æn\mWv Xm ßm \m 
ImØ hÆw Cu cwKØv A`napJoIcnt°≠n
hcp∂Xv. {]amZamb kv{Xo]oU\t°kpIfnse
CcIƒ \oXn In´msX Aebp∂Xpw kaqlØn
s‚ IÆn¬ ]ng®hsf∂ te_¬ Hcp ImeØpw
amdnt∏mImsX ÿm]n°s∏Sp∂Xpw XpS¿°Y
bmbns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv. \oNhrØnIfn¬ H
∂masØXmb hy`nNmchpw AXnt\mS\p_‘
am b ImatIfnIfpsa√mw BWv C∂v kaq l 
Øn¬ N¿®mhnjbambns°m≠ncn°p∂Xv . Ckv
em anI `cWm[nImcnbpsS apºn¬ Xm≥ Hcp
A \ykv{Xosb Npw_n®pt]mb ]mXIw kqNn 
∏n ®ph∂ hy‡ntbmSv F¥n\mWv AXv ]c 
ky s∏SpØnbXv, X\n°pw Xs‚ d∫ n \p an S bn 
ep≈ clkyambncp∂nt√ AXv F∂mbncp∂p
alm\mb Da¿ {]XnIcn®Xv. C∂v hnhn[ ÿ
eßfn¬ hyXykvX cqt]W ssewKnIambn I
tø‰w sNbv XXns‚sb√mw hniZmwißfmWv ao
UnbIfneqsS \n¿e÷w {]Ncn∏n®psIm≠ncn
°p ∂Xv. CXv tIƒhn°mc\nepw Igv N° m c \n 
]c]pcpj\pambp≈ G 
Xp hn[ kº¿°ßfpw Po
himkv{X]cambn s]Ænt\
¬]n°p∂ £X߃ IqSp
X¬ KpcpXcambncn°pw.
]ckv{XoKa\w ]pcpjs\
kw_‘n®nStØmfw A\p
hZ\oba√mØ ta®n ¬∏pd
ßfneqsSbp≈ sskz c hn 
lmcamWv . bYm¿YØn¬
i‡amb Ahs‚ k≥am¿
Kn  I t_m[amWv Ahs\
Iq®phneßn´p \ndpØp 
∂Xv.
2013 G{]n¬ 14
ep w B \oN hrØnbnte°v Nmbv hp 
≠m °p∂ \nIr„amb ]m]amWv. ""Xo 
¿ ®bmbpw kXyhnizmkn Iƒ °n Sbn ¬
Zp¿ hrØn {]Ncn°p∂Xv C„s∏ Sp ∂ 
h cmtcm Ah¿°mWv ClØnepw ] c 
Ønepw thZ\tbdnb in£bp≈Xv. A
√mlp Adnbp∂p \n߃ Adnbp∂n√.''
(k qd: A∂q¿ 19)
kaql a\xkm£nbpsS kZvhn Nm 
c sØ XI¿Øp Xcn∏Wam°p∂ A 
Xy¥w hn\miIcamb Cu ]cnXÿnXn
F  √m AXncpIfpw t`Zn®ncn°p∂p.
hy`nNmcØnte°v ASpØpt]mIm\nS
bp≈ bmsXm∂nte°pw kao]n®pt]m
IcpsX∂mWv d∫v AcpƒsNbv Xn´p≈Xv .
""\n߃ hy`nNmcsØ kao]n®pt]mI
cpXv. Xo¿®bmbpw AXv Hcp \oNhrØn
bp w Zpjn® am¿Khpw BIp∂p.'' (kqd 
Øv  A¬ CkvdBAv 32)
hy`nNmcØnte°v ASp∏n°p∂ k
Ie sIm≈cpXmbv aIƒ°pw kaqlw C
∂ v ]®s°mSn ImWn®pIgn™p. A cp 
XmØ t\m´hpw kv ]¿ihpw, sIm©epw
irwKmctNjv SIfpw Zzbm¿Y {]tbmKß
fpsa√mw AwKoIcn°s∏´p Ign™ncn
°p IbmWv. AXns\Xnsc i_vZn®m¬
A Xv ImSØhpw kwkvImciq\y hp am 
sW∂v hcpØnØo¿Øp Ign™n´p≠v.
Cu cwKØv iIvXamb ]cn[nIfpw \nb
{¥ Wßfpw G¿∏SpØnb {]]©\m 
Y\n ¶¬ \n∂p≈ Htcsbmcp kXy k 
tµiamWv Ckvemw. AhnlnXamb t\m
´ hpw kv]¿ihpw \SØhpw ]nSp Ø hp 
sa√mw hy`nNmcØnte°p≈ BZy ]SnIfmbm
Wv {]hmNI≥ ]Tn∏n®Xv. Aßns\ A \ ¿ 
lambn B s]Æns\ As√¶n¬ BWns\ lr
Z bw B{Kln°p∂tXmSpIqSn Ahs‚ As√ 
¶n¬ AhfpsS lrZbhpw hy`nNmc ]m]Øn¬
] s¶SpØp Ign™p. Ahkm\w Xs‚ ssew 
Kn Imhbhw sIm≠v Cu sImSnb ]mXIw k 
Xys∏SpØpItbm Ifhm°pItbm BWv kw`
hn°p∂Xv. Cu coXnbnep≈ L´wL´ambp≈
]m]Øns‚ HmlcnIfneqsSbmWv Cu alm]m
]w \SamSp∂Xv. Cu amcI tcmKmWp t] dp ∂ 
h s‚ a\n\IØv tæ—amb A`nemj߃ D 
S seSp°m\nSbp≈Xn\m¬ s]Ænt\mSv Xs‚
kzcw am\yambncn°Wsa∂v {]]©\mY≥ A
\pimkn®ncn°pIbmWv. CsX√mw kqdx Alv
km _n¬ {]hmNI ]Xv\namsc A`napJo Icn 
®p sIm≠mWv {]kvXmhn®n´p≈sX∂Xv Gsd
{it≤bamWv. ""\n߃ [¿a\njvS ]men°p∂p
sh¶n¬ \n߃ A\ytcmSv A\p\bkzcØn¬
kwkmcn°cpXv. At∏mƒ lrZbØn¬ tcmKap
≈h\v tamlw tXm∂ntb°mw. \ymbamb hm°v
\n ßƒ ]d™psIm≈pI.'' (kqdx A¬Alv 
km _v 32)
Xs‚ CwKnXØn\v hfs®Sp°phm≥ ]m I 
Øn e p≈hfmWv Chsf∂ hywKyamb kqN\
] et∏mgpw ]pcpj\v s]Æns‚ kwkmcØn¬
\n∂v e`n°pIbpw Aßns\ ]e anvtImfpI
fpw Xncn®p hnfn®Xn¬\n∂v XpSßn AXv Fs∂
t∂°pw `qapJØv \n∂v anvUv Bbnt∏mbXn
tes°Ønb F{Xsb{X kw`hßfmWv FÆn
\ncØm\p≈Xv ! AhnlnXamb _‘ßtfmsSm
∏ w sImebpw \StØ≠n hcpsa∂Xnte°pw
kqN\ Izp¿B≥ \¬Ip∂Xmbn ImWmw. hy`n
NmcsØbpw DSs\ sImetbbpw Izp¿B≥ tN
¿ Øp ]cma¿in°p∂p≠v. AhnlnX thgvN \ 
S ∂m¬ ]et∏mgpw AXn¬ P≥aw sIm≈p∂
Ip™pw Nnet∏mƒ Ip™ns\ K¿`w [cn®hfp
sa√mw sImesNøs∏SmdmWp≈Xv . K¿`[mcWw
\ S∂n´ns√¶nepw AhnlnX thgvN \S∂m¬
{]m]n® s]Ænt\mSp≈ KmVamb A‰m®vsa‚v
DS\Sn \nKqVamb HcpXcw Un‰m®vsa‚nte°v
X eXncnbp∂p F∂Xpw a\ximkv{X]cambn
ÿncoIcn°s∏´XmWv . \nhrØnbn√msXbmIp
tº mgmWv ]pcpj≥ ]n∂oSv Ahsf Pohn X k 
Jn bm°p∂Xv. AhnsSbpw ]gIn∏pfn®Xns\
]d ns®dnbm\mIpw a\v sImXn°p∂Xv. am \ 
km¥cßfnse \nKqVXIƒ kphyIv Xambn A
dnbp∂ d∫v \njvI¿jn® A[ym]\߃ F{X
amkvacnIamsWt∂m¿Øv kmjvSmwKw {]Wan
°m Xncn°m≥ bYm¿Y PvRm\n°v BIptam?
H cn°epan√. ImcWw krjvSn®p≠m°nbh≥
AhnlnX thgvN \S∂m¬
] et∏mgpw AXn¬ P≥aw
sIm  ≈p∂ Ip™pw Nn  e 
t∏mƒ B Ip™ns\ K¿`w
[ cn®hfpsa√mw sIme  sN 
øs∏SmdmWp≈Xv. K¿`[mc
Ww \S∂n´ns√¶nepw Ahn
lnX thgvN \S∂m¬ {]m]n
® s]Ænt\mSp≈ Km V am 
b A‰m®v sa‚v DS\Sn
\nKqVamb HcpXcw Un‰m 
®vsa‚nte°v ]cnW an °p 
∂p F∂Xpw a\ximkv{X]
cambn ÿncoIcn  °s∏  ´ 
XmWv.
2013 G{]n¬ 15
(F√mw) AdnbpIbnt√? ""Ah≥ \nKqV
clky߃ Adnbp∂h\pw kq£v aPv
R m\nbpamIp∂p.'' (kqdx ap¬Iv 14)
kuµcy{]Z¿i\hpambn DucpNp‰p
∂  Pmlnenøm k{ºZmbw kXy hn iz m 
kn\nIƒ°v ]mSn√mØXmsW∂v hnip
≤ Izp¿B≥ A\pimkn°p∂Xmbn Im
W mw. hnhml _‘w \njn≤amb Hcp
Iq ´n√msX AkabØv Cdßn \S∏v
]Xn hm°nbhcmWv ]et∏mgpw kv{Xo
]oU\ßfn¬ A]arXyp hcn®sXt∂m
¿ °pI. Cu temIØv G‰hpw sshin 
jv SytadnbXv kzmenlØmb s]ÆmsW
∂cp ƒsNbvX {]hmNI≥  kpK‘w
hm cn∏qin ]c]pcpj≥amsc BI¿ jn 
∏n ®v Nm™pw sNcn™pw H´IØns‚
]q™t]mse apSn Db¿Øns°´n Ducp
Np‰p∂hsc hy`nNmcnWnIsf∂pw i]n
°s∏´h¿ F∂psa√mw Bt£]n®n´p
≠v. \Kv\X shfnhm°n®v kz¿KØn¬
\n∂v ]pdØm°nb ]nimNv \Kv\X Im
Wn ∏n®v kz¿K{]thi\w Akm [yam 
°p∂ ]Wn XpS¿∂psImt≠bncn°pI
bm Wv. t\csØ {]hmNI≥  Acpƒ
sNbvX lZoYn¬ AØc°m¿°v F{X
tbm ImXßtfmfw hoinbSn°p∂ kz¿
K Øns‚ ]cnafw t]mepw e`yas√∂v
Xm°oXp \¬Inbn´p≠v.
A]NbØns‚ ASnthcpIƒ
C∂sØ Zriy {imhy aoUnbIƒ
kv {XoIsf ssewKnIZmlw Xo¿ °m \p 
≈ D]IcWw F∂ \ne°mWv Nn{XoI
cn °p∂sX∂v hnkvXcnt°≠Xn√. ] 
c ky hn]Wnbpw kn\nabpw kocnb ep 
sa∂v th≠, Im¿´qWpIfneS°w ssew
KnIXrjv W s]cp∏n°p∂ coXnbnemWv
kv{Xosb {]XnjvTn°p∂Xv. NpacpIfpw
aXnepIfpw \Kv\ta\n {]Z¿i\Øm¬
aeoakam°s∏Sp∂Xn\v bmsXmcphn[
\nb{¥Wßfpan√. Ckvemw \n›bn®
kIe adIfpw t`Zn°s∏´p. IpSpw_mw
 Kßsf√mw tN¿∂v CØcw A«oe cw
K ßƒ H∂n®ncp∂v BkzZn°ptºmƒ
Hcp an®ncp∂v InS∏d cwK߃ ImWm 
sa ¶n¬ Aßns\ ImWp∂h¿°v Hcp 
an ®v InS∏d ]¶psh°s∏Sp∂Xn¬ F 
¥m sW∂v Bsc¶nepw Nn¥n®p t]m b 
Xv C{X henb A]cm[am°m\pt≠m?
CsXmcp `oIcamb BXvaKXamWv . ]n
Xmhpw ]p{Xnbpw amXmhpw ]p{X\pw k
tlmZco ktlmZcßfpw a‰p IpSpw_mw
K ß fpsa√mw tN¿∂v BWpw s]Æpw CgpIn 
t®cp∂Xpw sI´nadnbp∂Xpw I≠mkzZn®p Ign
  bp∂tXmSpIqSn Ah¿°nSbnse ]mh\amb _
‘Øns‚ `nØnIƒ°v A]cnlmcyamb hn≈
ep Ifp≠mhpIbmbn. ]ns∂ ]nXmhn\v aIsf
Xn cn®dnbmXmbn. ]p{X\v amXmhns\bpw. sew 
KnI ÿnXnhnhc°W°pIfn¬ {][m\ambpw
{] Xn∏´nIbn¬ A]cnNnXc√, ^manen sa tº 
gvkmWv IS∂phcp∂Xv F∂Xns‚ ImcWw C
XmWv .
ssewKnIhmRvNbp≠m°p∂ kIeXpw \n
d™mSp∂Xns\ k¿hmXv a\m ]n¥pW°pIbpw
]ns∂ AXns‚ kzm`mhnI {]XymLmXamb kv
{Xo ssewKnIambn Itø‰w sNøs∏Sp∂Xns\Xn
cn ¬ apXe°Æoscmgp°pIbpw sNøp∂Xn¬
bmsXmcp A¿Yhpan√. ]n©pIp™msW¶nepw
htbmhr≤bmsW¶nepw aµ_p≤nbmsW¶nepw
Ip amcnbmsW¶nepw bphXnbmsW¶nepw a[y 
hbkvIbmsW¶nepsa√mw k¿h{X ]oUn∏n°
s∏Sp∂p F∂Xns‚ ImcWw IpSØn¬\n∂v Xp
d∂vhn´ ssewKnI`qXsØ Xncn®S°m\mhmØ
Xv sIm≠mWv. Fßns\ Xncn®Sn°psa∂dnbm
s X A¥n®p \n¬°p∂h¿ s]Æns‚ kpc £ 
°v Icms´ ]Tn°m\pw ªm°v s_¬‰v t\Sm\pw
s]∏¿ kv t{] {]tbmKn°m\pw tjm°Sn∏n°p∂
hm®v [cn°m\pw ]oUn∏n°m≥ hcp∂hs\ sam
ss_ ¬ Imadbn¬ ]I¿Øm\psa√mw BWv
t_m[hXvIcn°p∂Xv. t_m[hXvIcWØnse
t_ m[an√mbvaIƒ Cu cwKØv km¿ h {Xn I 
amhpIbpw Aßns\ kv{XoIƒ°v t\scbp≈
I tø‰ßƒ°v Iøpw IW°pan√mXmhpIbpw
sNbvXp F∂XmWv ]cam¿Yw. Ahkm\w 2013
]nd∂t∏mƒ \c≥ \mcnsb ISn®p Iodp∂ h¿j
Ønte°v kzmKXw F∂ Ubdn°pdn∏psagpXn
s]Æns‚ kpc£°v I cm 
s´ ]Tn°m\pw ªm°v s_ 
¬‰v t\Sm\pw s]∏¿ kvt{]
{] tbm Kn°m\pw tjm °S n 
∏n °p∂ hm®v [cn°m\pw
]o Un∏n°m≥ hcp∂hs\
sam ss_¬ Imadbn¬ ]I 
¿Øm\psa√mw BWv t_m
[hXvIcn°p∂Xv. t_m[h
Xv IcW Øn se t_m[an√m 
bvaIƒ Cu cwKØv km¿h
{XnI am hpIbpw Aßns\
kv{XoIƒ°v t\scbp≈ I
tø‰ßƒ°v Iøpw IW°p
an√m  Xm  hp  Ibpw sNbv Xp
F∂XmWv ] c am¿Yw.
2013 G{]n¬ 16
angn®ncn°p∂hcpw \nch[n. kam iz m 
k  sa∂ t]cn¬ Fbv Uv kns\Xnsc
kn\nasbSpØhsc√mw AYhm kn\na
bnse A`nt\Xm°fpw AWnbd{]h¿
Ø Icpsa√mw tN¿∂v ssewKnI tIfn 
bnemSnØna¿°pIbmbncp∂p F∂Xpw
CtXmSpIqSn tN¿Øphmbnt°≠XmWv .
Ckv emans‚ ]cn]mh\amb ]cn 
c£tbIp∂ hkv {XsØ kn\naIfnse
\hXcwKsat∂mWw AWnbn®v C‚¿Im
  kv‰v amtcyPns\ s]men∏n°p∂ ]e A
k≥am¿KnIXIfpw Znt\\sbt∂mWw
]pdØn dßn s°m≠n cn °pIbmWv .
ImapI\pw ImapInbpw hy`nNmcØnte
s°Øp∂ kIe IqSn°pgbepIfpw \
SØn Ahkm\w ImapI KrlØn¬ \
akvImc∏Sw CSms\mcp CSw aXnsb∂v
]d™v H∂mIp∂ ImgvNIƒ \yq P \ 
td js‚ Bthiambncn°p∂p, Bth 
i am°nbncn°p∂p!! Xo¿®bmbpw i cn 
bmb a\xm∂n[ytØmsSbp≈ \akv
Imcw CØcw hgnhn´ A[m¿anI {]hr
  ØnIfn¬\n∂v XSbpsa∂p≈XmWv C
kvemans‚ ImgvN∏mSv. hy`nNmcØnte
°Sp∏n°p∂ kIeXn\pw t{]cWtbIn
B tcmKmWp°sf kaqlKm{XØnte
°v k∂nthin∏n°p∂tXmSpIqSn AXn
s‚  {]Xn^e\߃ kaqlØn¬ hym 
]n®psImt≠bncn°pw. amcIamb tcmKm
Wp icocØn¬ Ibdn°gn™m¬ A¬
]Znhk߃°p≈n¬ tcmKe£Wß
ƒ {]ISn∏n®psIm≠ncn°pIbpw AXv
bYmhn[n NnIn¬kn°s∏´ns√¶n¬ i
cocamkIew tcmKmXpcamIpIbpw sN
øpsa∂Xv AhnX¿°nXamWv. kv{XoI
ƒ s°Xnscbp≈ AXn{Ia߃ k¿h 
hy m]nbmbXn\p ]n∂n¬ AXnte s° 
Øp∂ kIeØns\bpw s{]mtam´v sN
ø s∏SpIbpw B AcpXmbvaIsf th 
≠ hn[w {]Xntcm[n°s∏SpIbpw sN 
øp ∂n√ F∂ hmkvXhamWv apg®p \n 
¬ °p∂Xv. kz¥w ]nXmhns‚bpw k 
tlmZcs‚bpw AcnIn¬ kv {Xo kpc£n
Xb√ F∂Xt√ {]amZamb ]e kv{Xo
] oU\t°kpItf°mƒ \sΩ hy m Ip 
e s∏SptØ≠Xv? s\m¥p {]khn® K 
¿`]m{Xw t]mepw kz¥w s]¨Ip™n
s\ hn‰pImim°p∂psh∂p hcptºmƒ
AsX¥pam{Xw Zpc¥amWv? Gh¿°pw
A `bw {]]©\mYs‚ ]cnip≤amb
{] IrXnaXØWen¬ HØptNcpI F 
∂ Xp am{XamWv. ""F∂m¬ A√mlphmWv \√
h Æw ImØpkq£n°p∂h≥. Ah≥ IcpW 
bp ≈hcn¬ G‰hpw ImcpWnI\mIp∂p.'' (kq 
d Øv bqkp^v 64)
d∫v kp_vlm\lp hXBebpsS ZnhyIm 
cpWyØns‚ DØa\nZ¿i\amWv Cu h{IXbn
√m Ø kXykcWn AhXcn∏n®p F∂p≈Xv.
""B Ibm¬ (kXyØn¬) t\sc \ne sIm≈p 
∂ h\mbn´v \ns‚ apJsØ \o aXØnte°v
Xn cn®p \n¿ØpI. A√mlp a\pjysc GsXm 
cp {]IrXnbn¬ kr„n®ncn°p∂pthm B {]Ir
Xnbs{X AXv. A√mlphns‚ kr„nhyhÿ°v
bm sXmcp am‰hpan√. AXs{X h{IXbn√mØ
a Xw. ]s£, a\pjycn¬ A[nIt]cpw a\n 
em °p∂n√.'' (kqdØv A¿dqw 30)
kaXzw C∂v kv{Xo]oU\{]Xn∏´nIbn¬
B Wv {][m\ambpw \ΩpsS \m´n¬ t\Sn ° gn 
™n´p≈Xv. ]Wn°mc\pw, ]W°mc\pw, A`y
kv XhnZycpw, D∂X DtZymKÿ≥amcpw, Xmsg 
Ø´nep≈hcpsa√mw {]Xn∏´nIbn¬ \nc∂p\n
¬∏p≠v. kv{XobpsS thjw kmcnbnte°p hcp
tºmƒ AtXsd amZIXzw Xpfpºp∂XmsW∂v
] e cpw hnfn®p ]d™p Ign™p. ]ecpw ]¿ Z 
°pth≠n apdhnfn Iq´p∂p≠v. sF‰w Um≥kp
I fpw DSenf°n Dd™pXp≈epw \ntcm[n ° 
Wsa∂v Bhiyw Db¿∂n´p≠v. InS∏dbn¬ ]p
Ibp∂ ssewKnI AkwXr]vXnbpw CtΩmd¬
^nenapIfpsS amcIamb hym]\hpw F√mw G
hscbpw {]mbt`Zat\y ssewKnI Ip‰IrXyß
fn te°v Iq∏pIpØn°p∂XmbmWv hnhcw. C 
hnsS Ip‰IrXy߃°p≈ k¿h hmXbm\ß
fpw Xpd∂n´v tLmcamb in£m\S]Sn°p th≠n
ap dhnfn Iq´p∂Xv Xo¿Øpw \nc¿YIamWv. Ip 
‰IrXyßfnte°p≈ hmXmb\߃ sIm´nbS®v
thiymhrØn°v \n  b  am  \p 
krXamb AwKoImcw \¬
In°gn™m¬ kv{Xo ]o U 
\߃°v AdpXn bm hp sa 
∂v ]peºm≥ A]mc N¿a
ku`mKyw Xs∂ thWw! \n
ba]cambn sdUvkv{So‰v D 
≈ \ΩpsS sat{Sm s]m fn ‰ 
≥ \Kcßfn¬ kv{XobpsS
\ne F¥pam{Xw ]cnXm]I
camsW∂ efnXamb kXyw
hº≥ _p≤nPohn \mSy°m
¿  °dnbmsX t]mbn  cn  °p 
∂p.
2013 G{]n¬ 17
tijw AXni‡amb in£mapdIƒ
kzoIcn°Wsa∂XmWv Ckv emans‚ \
bw. A√msX ]n©p_me≥ apX¬ ]Sp
hr ≤≥ hscbp≈hcnse√mw ssew Kn 
IhnImcw D±o]n∏n°p∂ ImgvNIƒ Ip
Øn sh®v Ah¿ ssewKnI Itø‰ßƒ
\SØptºmƒ amcIin£ hn[n°p∂pXv
\oXnbp‡a√. ]m›mXy\mSpIfn¬, hn
tijn®pw Atacn° t]mep≈nSßfn¬
54% CØcw Ip‰IrXy߃ dnt∏m¿´v sN
øs∏SmsX t]mIp∂psh∂pw 97% td∏n
Ãp Ifpw Hcp Znhkw t]mepw Imc m Kr 
lØneS°s∏SmsX t]mIp∂psh∂pw
h cptºmƒ FhnsSbmWv \oXnbpw \n 
b ahpw kmaqlnIkpc£bpw? Ip‰I r 
Xy ßƒ°v bYmhn[n in£hn [n °p ∂ 
XnemWv kaqlØns‚ Poh≥ F∂Xm
W  v Ckv emw DZv tLmjn°p∂Xv . ""_p 
≤n am ≥amtc, (Aßs\) Xpeyin£ \ 
¬  Ip  ∂XnemWv \nßfpsS Poh  n  X 
Øns‚ \n  e  \n¬]v . \n߃ kq£v aX
]men  °p  ∂Xn  \pth≠nbs{X CXv (\n 
b  a\n¿tZi߃.)'' (kqdØv A  ¬_J
d  179)
Ckvemans‚ am{Xw s]Æv
Cu Zp\nbmhn¬ ]pcpjs‚ G‰hpw
hneaXn°m\mImØ kzØmWv kv{Xo.
BZw \_n \v kz¿KobmcmaØnse
GIm¥Xbn¬ A√mlp I\n™cpfnb
hcZm\w. Ahƒ°v Cu Zp\nbmhnse
kIe ]cn°pIfn¬ \n∂pw c£tbIp
  ∂ lnPm_v Ahƒ°v IØnbmfp∂ tcm
aIq]ßfnte°v Bgv∂ndßp∂ \cIm
·n bn¬ \n∂pw adbmIpsa∂Xv Xo ¿ ® 
bm Wv. BXy¥nIambn B \cIm ·n 
bn ¬ \n∂mWt√m kIe¿°pw ]cnc 
£bp≠mtI≠Xv? B lnPm_ns‚ Io
gn¬ k¿hmfl\m A`bw ]p¬Ip∂h¿
"F √mw ImWn°p∂Xn¬ \n∂v F√mw
ad°p∂Xnte°v ' (From show it all to hide
it all) F∂Xns\ A\z¿Yam°n ]m›m
Xy ]uckvXytZißfn¬ Zn\w{]Xn h
¿[n ®p hcnIbmWv. kz¥w C Wbp sam 
Øp ≈ kzImcyamb aq∂v kµ¿`߃
Xs‚ a°ƒ t]mepw AdnbmXncn°W
sa∂v hcptºmƒ ]ns∂ Ah¿ A\ys‚
In S∏d cwKßfnte°v angnIƒ ]mbn 
°n√. kv{XobpsS Aaqeyamb ]Zhnbm
Wv CØcpWØn¬ Ckveman\v apt∂m
´p sh°m\p≈Xv . Aaqeyamb, A\¿L
am b B sFU‚n‰nbmWv {]t_m[\w
sN øs∏tS≠Xv. {]hmNI≥ bpsS \ntbm K 
tØmsS Ipgn®paqSs∏Sp∂ AkvXnXzsØ kz¿
Kob e_v[n°v ImcWam°s∏SpIbmWp≠mb
sX∂v {]tLmjn°pIbmWv th≠Xv . imkv {Xob
ambn s]ÆpSens‚ ImgvNbn¬ Xs∂ ]pcpj≥
ssewKnIambn DtØPn∏n°s∏Spsa∂pw kv{Xo
°mIs´ kzImcyXbpw kv]¿i\hpsa√mamWv
CØcpWØn¬ A\nhmcyamIp∂sX∂pamWv
{]Jym]n°s∏tS≠Xv. AX√msX Ckvemans‚
kv {XoIƒ°p≈ {UvtImUv BWv kpc£°p
≈  t]mwhgn F∂p≈ tIheamb A`n{]mb
{]IS\ßf√ ImeL´w Bhiys∏Sp∂Xv. Im
cyImcW_‘Øns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ imkv
{Xobambn {k„mhns‚ hn[nhne°pIsf ÿm
]n ®p sImSp°Ww. s]Æv AhfpsS hy‡n Xz 
Øns‚ ]q¿W{]Imi\amb amXrXzØntes°
Øp∂tXmsS BWns\t∏mse sI´nsbgp∂≈
W w s]sÆ∂v ]dbp∂ B[p\nIXbpsS h 
‡m  °ƒ°pw s^an\nÃpIƒ°pw i‡amb
{]l ctaIpIbmWv. ImcWw, Bsc t∏m se bm 
IWsa∂v iTn°p∂pthm B ]pcpj\v aq∂nc´n
I S∏mSp≈ amXmsh∂ s]Æv Ahft∏mƒ B 
IpIbmWv. AXmWv Ckvemans‚ am{Xw s]Æv.
]mh\amb ]cnlmcw
F√m AXn{Iaßfpw XSbnSp∂ \nba\n¿
tZißfmWv Ckvemw apt∂m´psh®n´p≈Xv. Xn
≥aIƒ kw`hyamtb°mhp∂ kmlNcyßsf
Xs‚ CwKnXØn\v hfs®
Sp°phm≥ ]mIØnep≈h
fmWv Chsf∂ hywKyamb
kq N \ ]et∏mgpw ]p cp j 
\v s]Æns‚ kwkmcØn¬
\n∂v e`n°pIbpw anvtIm
fpIfn¬  \n∂v Xp  S  ßn `q 
apJØv \n∂v Xs∂ Fs∂
t∂°pambn anvUv B bn 
t∏mhp  I  bpw sNbv X F 
{Xsb{X kw`h  ß  fmWv
]{Xßfn eq sS \mw hmbn ® 
dn™Xv.
2013 G{]n¬ 18
kpi‡ambn {]Xntcm[n°p∂XmWv C
kvemanI A[ym]\߃. hy`nNmcØn
 s‚ hnjbØnepw B alm]m]w kw 
`hn°Xncn°m\p≈ \nba\n¿tZi߃
FºmSpw Ckvemw apt∂m´p sh®Xmbn
°mWmw. AsX√mw {]hrØn]YØn¬
sIm≠phcp∂h¿°v JpZvknbmb lZo
Yn ¬ A√mlp AkµnKv[ambn {]kv 
Xmhn® {]Imcw A√mlp hne°nbXn
te°v t\m°m\pw tIƒ°m\pw ]nSn°m
\pw \S°m\pw BImØ hn[w Ah≥/
A hƒ tIƒ°p∂ ImXpw ImWp∂ I 
Æ pw ]nSn°p∂ Iøpw \S°p∂ Imep 
sa√mw d∫ns‚Xmbn amdnbncn°pw. AY
hm d∫v \ntcm[n®Xnte°v B`napJyw
C  √mØhcmbn Ah≥/Ahƒ ]cnh 
¿Øn ®psImt≠bncn°pw. As√¶nepw
\ΩpsS HmtcmcpØcpsSbpw icocw ]e
dnbmen‰n tjmIfnsebpw XpWnbpcn™mSp∂
h¿ \ymboIcn°mdp≈Xv t]mse "ssa t_mUn
ssa Hm¨ t{]m∏¿´n' (my body is my own propert-
y) b√t√m? Aßns\bmsW¶n¬ AXn\v tcmK
ßfpw Pcm\cIfpw H∂pw _m[n°m≥ \mw A
\ p hZn°pIbn√t√m? AsX√mw d∫n s‚ \nb 
Xamb hn[nhne°pIƒ°\pkcn®p Ncn®psIm
t≠bncn°pIbmWv. d∫v Xs∂ \n›bn® Ah
[n {]m]n°pw hsc am{Xw. ""kXyhnizmknItf,
]n im Nn s‚ Im¬]mSpIsf \n߃ ]n≥ ]‰ cp 
Xv. h√h\pw ]nimNns‚ Im ¬] m Sp I ƒ ]n ≥ ] 
‰p ∂]£w Xo¿®bmbpw Ah≥ (]n im Nv) I ¬ 
]n °p∂Xv \oNhrØnbpw ZpcmNchpw sN øm 
\mbncn°pw. \nßßfpsS ta¬ A√mlphns‚
A \p{Klhpw ImcpWyhpw C√mXn cp s∂ ¶n ¬
\n ßfn¬ Hcmfpw Hcn°epw ]cnip≤n {]m ]n 
°p Ibn√mbncp∂p. ]s£, A√mlp Xm\p t± 
in °p∂h¿°v ]cnip≤n \¬Ip∂p. A√mlp
F √mw tIƒ°p∂h\pw Adnbp∂h\pas{X.''
(kq dx A∂q¿ 21)
Ckv emans‚ ]cn]mh\amb ]cnc£tbIp∂ hkv {XsØ kn\naIfnse
\hXcwKsat∂mWw AWnbn®v C‚¿Imkv‰v amtcyPns\ s]men∏n°p∂ ]e
Ak≥am¿KnIXIfpw Znt\\sbt∂mWw ]pdØndßns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv.
ImapI\pw ImapInbpw hy`nNmcØntes°Øp∂ kIe IqSn°pgbepIfpw
\SØn Ahkm\w ImapIKrlØn¬ \akvImc∏Sw CSms\mcp CSw aXnsb∂v
]d™v H∂mIp∂ ImgvNIƒ \yq P\tdjs‚ Bthiambncn°p∂p, Bthi 
am °nbncn°p∂p!
H‰ {]Xn ˛ 1 5
Hcp h¿jtØ°v   ˛ 180
c≠p h¿jtØ°v   ˛ 360
P.B. No:1981, Vyttila, Cochin-682019, Tel: 0484 2301275, 04842301576, Fax: 04842301175
2013 G{]n¬ 19
]utcmlnXyØns‚ shfpØ ]pI
IØn°p∂hcpw ImØncn°p∂hcpw
Dkvam≥ ]me°mgn

InkvXphn¬ hnizkn°pIbpw {InkvXphns‚ {]t_m[\߃ AwKoIcn°bpw
sNøp∂h\mWv kmam\ym¿YØn¬ {Inkv Xym\n. CØcw hy‡nIfpsS kwLsØ
{InkvXym\nIƒ F∂p ]dbp∂p. {InkvXym\nIfpsS hnizmkm[njvTnXamb Iq´m
bv abmWv k`. k`IfpsS t\XrXzw hln°p∂h¿ ]ptcmlnX≥amcmWv . ]ptcmlnX
t{iWnbpsS LS\ ItØmen°cnepw s{]m´Ã‚pIfnepw hn`n∂amWv. F∂m¬
]utcmlnXyØn\pw k`bn¬ t\XrXz]camb NpaXeIƒ hln°p∂Xn\pap≈
Xnc s™ Sp ° s∏´ Nne hy‡n Isf {]Xn jvTn °p∂ hnj b Øn¬ ItØm en ° 
cpw s{]m´Ã‚pIfpw kam\ Nn¥mKXn°m¿ Xs∂bmWv. k`Iƒ hnizmknIfp
ambn t\cn´v CSs]SmsX ]ptcmlnXcpsS a[yÿX kzoIcn°pIbpw Ahew_n
°pIbpw sNøpI F∂Xv ss{IkvXhXsb kw_‘n®v A\nhmcyamb Hcp Imcy
am Wv. Npcp ° Øn¬ ]u tcm ln Xy Øn¬ A[n jvTn X a √mØ Hcp {InkvXp a X sa 
∂Xv ANn¥yamWv!
F∂m¬ ]utcmlnXyØn\pw k`IfpsS B[n]XyØn\pw D]cnbmbn hnizm
k]camb kzmX{¥yhpw kzbw \ne\n¬]pw hnizmknIƒ°v AhImis∏´Xpw
km[yhpw BsW∂ Nn¥mKXn F°meØpw ss{IkvXhkaqlØn¬ Gdnbpw
Ipd™p \ne\n∂ph∂n´p≠v. k`Iƒ kmaqlyÿm]\ßfpw A[nImctI{µ
ßfpambn hfcpIbpw cmPm[n]Xyw, Zpjv{]`pXzw, NqjWi‡nIƒ F∂nhbpsS
Xm¬]cy߃ ap≥\n¿Ønbp≈ {IaoIcWßfn¬ ]ptcmlnX≥amcpw ]utcmln
Xyhpw D]IcWßfmbnØocpIbpw sNbv X L´ßfn¬, k`bpsS B[n]XyØn\pw
A[nImcØn\psaXncmb Nn¥mKXnIfpw Bibßfpw ]ckyambn ]dbphm\pw
{]Jym]n°phm\pap≈ Ass[cyamWv ta¬]d™ Nn¥mKXnsb \n»_vZXbn¬
\ne\n¿Ønh∂Xv. F∂ncp∂m¬ t]mepw ]eL´ßfn¬, ]e cq]ßfnembn ]u
tcmlnXyØn\pw ]utcmlnXyØns‚ a[yh¿Øn LS\°pw kz`mhØn\psaXn
cmb Bi b {] Jym] \ßfpw t]mcm´ ßfpw ss{IkvXh Ncn{XØn¬ kw`hn®p
ImWmw.
2013 G{]n¬ 20
ss__nƒ hn`mh\w sNøp∂ {In
kvXpaXØn¬ ]ptcmlnX≥amcpw ]u
tcmlnXyhpw k`Ifpw C√ F∂ Nn¥
ss__nƒ ]cn⁄m\ap≈ ss{Ikv Xh
hnizmknIfpsS D≈n¬ F°meØpw
kPohambn \ne\n∂n´ps≠¶nepw, kaq
lØn¬ k`Iƒ sNepØp∂ i‡am
b kzm[o\Øn¬\n∂v kzX{¥ambn kz
¥w hnizmkhpambn apt∂m´p t]mIm≥
km[n°mØ kmlNcyßfmWv ss{Ikv
Xh hnizmknIsf Ign™ \q‰m≠pI
fnse√mw k`IfpsS ASnaØØn¬ Xf
®n´ph∂Xv.
k` F∂ LS\
k`sb \n¿hNn°p∂Xn¬ ss{Ikv X
htemIØv F∂pw A`n{]mb hyXymk
߃ \ne\n∂ncp∂XmbnImWmw. hnizm
knIfpsS kwLw F∂ \nebn¬ Hcp
Iq´mbv abmbmWv ss{Ikv Xh¿ BZysØ
aq∂p \q‰m≠pIfn¬ \ne\n∂Xv. Cu
Iq´mbvasb "k`' F∂v A°meØp hn
tijn∏n®ncp∂n√. k` F∂ hntij
Ww \memw \q‰m≠n¬ \nehn¬h∂,
tIm¨Ã‚bn≥ N{Ih¿ØnbpsSbpw ]p
tcmlnX≥amcpsbSpw Iq´mbv asb kw_
‘n®mWv ss{Ikv Xh Ncn{XØn¬ BZy
ambn D] tbmKn°s∏´Xv. F∂m¬ {In
kvXphn¬ hnizkn°p∂hcpsS BZyIm
e Iq´mbvaIsf°pdn®pw k` F∂p hn
tijn∏n°p∂ ioew B[p\nI Ime
L ´ Ønse ss{IkvXh Nn¥ I ≥ am ¿ 
°pw FgpØpIm¿°pap≠v. kmt¶XnI
ambn Cu ioew \ymboIcn°s∏Sp∂n√. F¥m
Wv k` F∂Xp kw_‘n®p hy‡amb \n¿h
N\߃ Ign™ \q‰m≠pIfnse√mw ]m›mXy,
]uckvXyk`Iƒ \ne\n¿Ønh∂n´p≈ Iq´
Øn¬ FhnsSbpw hnizmknIfpsS Iq´mbv asb∂
\n¿hN\a√, adn®v ]utcmlnXyLS\°p hnt[
bamb kwhn[m\sa∂ \n¿hN\amWv ImWp
∂Xv. tIm¨Ã‚bn≥ N{Ih¿Ønbpw A°me
sØ ]ptcmlnX≥amcpw Dƒs∏Sp∂ Iq´mbvasb
BZysØ k`mL S\bmbn \nco £n°p∂ Xpw
CubSnÿm\Øn¬ Xs∂bmWv.
A[n Im c L S \ bn¬ A[n jvTn X ambn Nen 
°p∂ kwhn[m\amWv k`Iƒ F∂p≈Xn\m¬,
t{iWoIcWhpw, ]ZhnIfnse hyXymkhpw A
\pkcn®v ]ptcmlnX≥am¿ ]et]cpIfn¬ Adn
bs∏Sp∂p. ItØmen°m k`bpsS ]utcmln
Xy k`mkwhn[m\Øn¬ G‰hpw ]caamb A[n
Imcw Iømfp∂Xv t]m∏mWv. t]m∏n\p Xmsg
hcp∂ ]ptcmlnX≥am¿°v \¬Is∏´ A[nIm
c߃ GXm≠v Hcp ]cam[nImc GIm[n]Xy
{]`pXzØn\p Iogn¬ hnhn[ {]hniyIfnsebpw
{]tZ  i  ß  fn  sebpw D]  Im  cy  I¿Øm  °ƒ°v
\¬Is∏Sp∂ `mKnIamb A[nImcßtfmSp InS
]nSn°p∂ XmWv. Cu A[nImcß sfbpw Ah
Imißsfbpw ssZhnIambpw B[ymXv anIambpw
hymJym\n°phm≥ ss__nƒ A\phZn°p∂n√
F∂XpsIm≠mWv , ]utcmlnXyw CØcw A[n
Imc t{iWoIcWØn\v ss__nƒ _mlyamb
Bibßfpw \nbaßfpw BhnjvIcn®Xv. ]u
tcmlnXyw kz¥ambn BhnjvIcn® Cu XØz
 ßfpw \nb aßfpw k`sb `uXnIamb LS\
bpw kz`mhhpap≈ kwhn[m\am°n am‰n.
ss__nƒ ]cm  a¿i  ߃°pw Bi  b  ß 
ƒ°pw AXoXambn, cmPm[nImcØns‚bpw GIm
[n]XyØns‚bpw Xm¬]cy°mcmb `cWm[nIm
cnIƒ BhnjvIcn® kzm¿YXbn¬ A[njvTnX
amb \nbaßsfbpw Bibßsfbpw B{ibn
®XpsIm≠mWv k`Isf `uXnILS\Ifmbn
ImtW≠nh∂Xv. F∂m¬ k`sb°pdn®p {In
kv Xp \SØp∂ ]cma¿ißfpw ]t{Xmkns\°p
dn®p≈ hntijWhpw "]t{XmkmIp∂ ]mdap
I fn¬ Rm≥ Fs‚ k`sb ]Wn Xp b¿Øp ' sa 
∂p≈ {InkvXphns‚ {]kvXmh\bpsa√mw ]u
tcmlnXym[njvTnXamb k`mLS\°v km[qI
cWw \¬Ip∂Xn\pth≠n ]n¬°meØp IS
Øn°q´nbXmbncn°msa∂ A`n{]mbw Db¿∂p
h∂n´p≠v. t]m∏pamcpw ]ptcmlnX≥amcpsa√mw
X߃ ]t{Xmkns‚ ]n≥KmanIfmWv F∂ Ah
ImihmZw D∂bn®Xv {]kvXpX ]cma¿i߃
FSpØpIm´nbmbncp∂p F∂XpsIm≠mWv CØ
csamcp A`n{]mbØn\v ]n≥_ew e`n°p∂Xv.
hnizm kn I fpsS kwLw F 
∂ \nebn¬ Hcp Iq´mbva
bmbmWv ss{IkvXh¿ B
ZysØ aq∂p \q‰m≠pIfn¬
\ne\n∂Xv. Cu Iq´mbvasb
"k`' F∂v A°meØp hn
tijn∏n®ncp∂n√. k` F∂
hnti jWw \memw \q‰m ≠n 
¬ \nehn¬h∂, tIm¨Ã
‚bn≥ N{Ih¿ØnbpsSbpw
]ptcm  ln  X≥am  cp  sSb  pw
Iq´mbvasb kw_‘n®mWv
ss{Ikv Xh Ncn  {X  Ø  n¬
BZy   ambn D]  tbm  Kn   ° 
s∏´Xv.
2013 G{]n¬ 21
k`sb°pdn®v \ne\n¬°p∂ ]u
tcm  ln  Xy  ho  £  W  Øn\p hncp  ≤  amb
\nco£Wßfn¬, tIm¨Ã‚bn≥ N{I
h¿ØnbpsS kzm[o\w D≠mIp∂Xn\p
apºp≈ hnizmknIfpsS Iq´mbv asb k`
F∂p hnfn®ncp∂p. At∏mkv Xe≥amcpw
hnizmknIfpw ASßp∂ hnizmkm[n
jv TnXamb Hcpabpw Iq´mbv abpamWv Cu
ho£W{]Imcw k`. Cu k`bn¬ A
[nImchpw ]ZhnhyXymkßfpan√. F
∂m¬ CØcØn¬ Hcp \n¿hN\w k`
°p \¬Ip∂Xn\v ]utcmlnXym[njv TnX
k` FXncmWv F∂XmWv kXyw. ]u
tcmlnXyØn\v ta¬t°mbv abn√mØ B
ƒ°q´sØ k`Ifmbn ImWcpXv F∂
B[n  ]  Xy  a  t\m  `m  h  Øn‚ XØ  z  im 
kv{Xw ]utcmlnXyØns‚ Xet®mdn¬
Du´nbpd∏n°p∂Xn¬ tIm¨Ã‚bn≥
N{Ih¿Øn apX¬°v F√m ss{IkvXh
A[n  Im  c  tI  {µ  ßfpw \n¿_  ‘  hpw
{i≤bpw sNep  Øn  h∂n´p≠v . tIm¨Ã
‚bns‚ ImewapX¬°v c≠mw hØn°m
≥ kp\ltZmkn\p tijap≈ Imeb
fhn¬ k`sb°pdn®v ]utcmlnXy_m
lyamb ho£W߃ ss{IkvXh tem
IØv \ne\n∂ph∂n´p≠v F∂v Nne¿
hnizkn°pIbpw {]Ncn∏n°pIbpw sN
bv Xn´p≠v.
k`bpw kp\ltZmkpIfpw
aX]utcmlnXyØns‚ B[nImcnI
ktΩf\amWv kp\ltZmkv F∂Xp
sIm≠v A¿Yam°p∂Xv. ]mcºcy k`m
ho£W {]Imcw kp\ltZmkn¬ ]s¶
Spt°≠h¿ ]ptcmlnX≥amcpw `cWm
[nImcnIfpw am{XamWv. km[mcW hn
izmknIƒ°v kp\ltZmkpIfn¬ ]¶m
fnØw ]mSn√ F∂ \ne]mSmWv F.Un.
325˛¬ tIm¨Ã‚bn≥ N{Ih¿Øn hn
fn®p tN¿Ø \nJym  kp\ltZmkv ap
X¬°p \ne\n∂ph∂n´p≈ ho£Ww.
F∂m¬ k`sb \n¿hNn°p∂ ImcyØn
 ¬ F∂t]mse kp\ltZmknse ]¶m
fnØØns‚ ImcyØnepw ]utcmlnXy
hncp≤ ho£W߃ \ne\n¬°p∂p
≠v. F.Un. 325˛se \nJym kp\ltZm
kn\p apºv \S∂ aq∂p At∏mkvXenI
kp\ltZmkpIfn¬ hnizmknIƒ°p ]
¶mfnØap≠mbncp∂p F∂pw, Cu ]¶m
fnØw ]p\xÿm]n°pI F∂ e£y
Øn\v c≠mw hØn°m≥ kp\ltZmkv
{]m[m\yw \¬InbXneqsS \nJym kp\
ltZmkn\p apºsØ ÿnXn Xncn®phcWsa∂
Xm¬]cyamWv {]ISn∏n°s∏´sX∂pw A`n{]m
bap≠v.
k`bpsS \n¿hN\w, kp\ltZmknse hn
izmkn ]¶mfnØw, tIm¨Ã‚bns‚ \nb{¥
WØneqsS k`°pw kp\ltZmkn\pw kw`
hn® `uXnIh¬°cWw F∂nhbnte°v hnc
¬Nq≠ns°m≠v {io. tPmk^v ]pen°pt∂¬
FgpXp∂p: ""c≠mw hØn°m≥ Iu¨kn¬ k`
sb°pdn®v \q‰m≠pIfmbn \jvSs∏´ncp∂ A
Snÿm\]camb Hcp ss__nƒ Z¿i\w Bhn
jvIcn®p. "ssZhØns‚ P\w' F∂ Un{Inbn¬
(c≠mw A[ymbw) k`sb°pdn®v Cßs\ \n¿h
Nn°p∂p: "Ahkm\ambn Ch¿' Xncs™Sp°
s∏´ hwihpw cmPIob ]utcmlnXyhpw hnip
≤oIcn°s∏´ P\]Zhpw ssZhw X\n°mbn t\
Snsb SpØ P\Xbpw BZyw Hcp P\Xb √mbn
cp∂p F¶nepw Ct∏mƒ "ssZhØns‚ P\hpw'
(1 ]t{Xmkv 2:9˛10) BbnØo¿∂ncn°p∂p. Cu
A`n jnIvX P \ Øns‚ incv {InkvXp hm Wv''
(c≠mw hØn°m≥ Iu¨kn¬ {]amWtcJI
ƒ, aq∂mw ]Xn∏v: t]Pv: 35˛36 (Hmim\ amknI,
2004 Pq¨ e°w, t]Pv H∂v).
]utcmlnXyØn\p c≠mw ÿm\w I¬]n
°pIbpw P\Øn\v H∂mw ]cnKW\ \¬IpI
bpw sNøp∂p F∂XmWv c≠mw hØn°m≥ Iu
¨knens‚ k`m\n¿hN\Øn¬ ImWp∂ khn
tijX. CXv, tIm¨Ã‚bn≥ BhnjvIcn® `u
XnI kz`mhtØmSp IqSnb k`m\n¿hN\Øn\v
hncp≤hpw ss__nfnt\mSv ASpØp\n¬°p∂
XpamsW∂v ]ecpw hnizkn°pIbpw A`n{]m
bs∏SpIbpw sNøp∂p. \q‰m≠pIfmbn \jvS
s∏´ncp∂ ASnÿm\]camb Hcp ss__nƒ Z
¿i\w F∂p {io tPmk^v ]pen°pt∂¬ hnti
jn∏n°p∂Xv, k`IfpsSss__nƒ Xm¬]cym
ss__nƒ ]cm  a¿i    ß  ƒ 
°pw Bib߃°pw AXo
X ambn, cmPm [n Im c Øn s‚ 
bpw GIm[n]XyØns‚bpw
Xm¬] cy °m cmb `c Wm [n 
ImcnIƒ BhnjvIcn® kzm
¿ Y X bn¬ A[n jvTn X amb
\nb a ß sfbpw Bi b ß 
sfbpw B{i  bn  ®  Xp  sIm 
≠m Wv k` Isf `uXn I L S 
\ I fmbn ImtW ≠n h ∂ Xv.
2013 G{]n¬ 22
\pkrXap≈ \n¿hN\sØbmWv. A[n
Imchpw ]ZhnIƒ ]¶psh°epw ]u
tcmlnXyØns‚ kzm¿Y Xm¬]cyßfn
e[njvTnXamb {]h¿Ø\ßfpw Hs°
bpambn _‘s∏´ k`m\n¿hN\w BZy
ImeØp \ne\n∂ncp∂ns√∂pw, AXv
]n¬°meØv h∂ptN¿∂ _mlyho£
WamWv F∂pw tPmk^v ]pen°pt∂
en s\ t∏mse ]ecpw \nco £n °p ∂p.
ss__nƒ A[njvTnXamb k`m\n¿h
N\Øn\pth≠n Nn¥n°p∂h¿, tIm
¨Ã‚ bn≥ BhnjvI cn® hnI e hpw
A[nImc Xm¬]cym[njvTnXhpamb k
`m \n¿hN\ßsf X≈n°fbpI kzm`m
hn  I am Wv. F∂m¬ CØcw H cp ss_ 
_nƒ Z¿i\Øns‚ hos≠Sp∏n\p \q‰m
≠pIƒ ImØncnt°≠n h∂p F∂Xv
]utcmlnXyw {Inkv XpaXsØ ASnas∏
SpØn \nb{¥n®ncp∂Xns‚ ^eamWv.
]pen°pt∂¬ XpS¿∂p ]dbp∂p: ""k
`mwK߃ cmPIob ]ptcmlnXhwihpw
ssZhØns‚ kz¥w P\hpamWv. ap≥
kp\ltZmkpIsfm∂pwXs∂ hnizmkn
IfmWv k`sb∂pw k`bpsS Xeh≥
{InkvXphmsW∂pw {]Jym]n®n´n√.''
""hØn°m≥ Iu¨kn¬, k`bnep
≠mtI≠ ]cnh¿Ø\Ønte°p≈ Nq
≠p]eI hnizmknIfpsS cmPIob ]u
tcmlnXysa∂ Cu Z¿i\amsW∂v F
SpØp]d™p. At∏mkv Xe≥amcpsS Im
eØv AhcpsS km∂n[yØn¬ \S∂
aq∂p kp\ltZmkpIfnepw hnizmknI
ƒ, sXcs™Sp°s∏´ P\hpw cmPIob
]ptcmlnX≥amcpamWv F∂ ImgvN∏mSv
hy‡am°nbncp∂p.''
""1). k`bpsS BZysØ kp\ltZm
kv, bqZmkn\p ]Icambn aYnbmkns\
Xncs™ SpØ ktΩf\ambncp∂p. C
Xn¬ \q‰nbncp]tXmfw ]ptcmlnX∑mcpw
At∏mkv Xe≥amcpw ]s¶SpØp. aYnbm
kns\ Xncs™Sp°p∂ ImcyØn¬ F
√m hnizmknIƒ°pw Xpeyamb AhIm
iamWp≠mbncp∂Xv. bqZmkn\p ]Ic
ambn Hcmsf At∏mkvXe≥am¿°p am
{Xw Xncs™Sp°mambncp∂p. ]t£, A
t∏mkvXe≥am¿ am{Xa√, hnizmknItf
hcpw cmPIob ]ptcmlnX≥amcmsW∂
Imgv N∏mSmWv At∏mkv Xe≥am¿ ChnsS
AhXcn∏n®Xv. (At∏m. 1:15˛26).
2) k`mip{iqjIsc Xncs™Sp°p
∂ ImcyØnepw F√m hnizmknIfpw Xp
eycmWv F∂ ASnÿm\ Z¿i\w At∏mkvXe
≥am¿ BhnjvIcn°pIbp≠mbn. k`bmWt√m
Ggp ip{iqj Isc Xncs™ SpØXv (At∏m:
6:1˛7).
3) hnizmkw kzoIcn°p∂h¿ ]cntO  Z \
Øn\p XbmdmIWtam F∂ {]iv\w k`bnse
aq∏≥amcmWp N¿® sNbvXXv. F∂m¬ Xocpam
\w {]Jym]n®Xv ]t{Xmk√. adn®v bmt°m_v
BWv. (Cu bmt°m_v {InkvXpinjy\mb sk
_ZnbpsS ]p{X≥ bmt°mt_m A≥t]bpkns‚
]p{X≥ tP°t_m A√. adn®v Pdqktew k`
bpsS aq∏\mb tP°_v BWv Ft∂m¿°pI).
bmYmÿnXnIcmb ^cntkb hnizmknIfpsS
\ne]mSpIƒ°v hncp≤ambn, ss{IkvXh¿ ]cn
tOZnXcmtI≠Xns√∂ Xocpam\hpw k`  bp  tS
Xmbncp∂p; ]t{Xmkns‚tbm ]utemkns‚tbm
Bbncp∂n√''.
""Cu aq∂p kp\ltZmkpIfpw At∏mkvX
e kp\ltZmkpIfmbncp∂p'' (Hmim\ amkn
I, 2004 Pq¨ e°w, t]Pv 2˛3).
BZnass{IkvXh kaqlØns‚ kmlNcy
ßsf∏‰n ]pen°pt∂¬ AhXcn∏n°p∂ ho£
W ßƒ Ncn{X bmYm¿Yy ß fpambn AtX]Sn
tbmPn°Wsa∂n√. ]t£, k`mNcn{XØns‚
]utcmlnXy `mjyßfpambn Chbv°p≈ Xm
Øz  n  I  amb hntbm  Pn  ∏n\v AXn  t‚  Xmb aq  ey 
ap≠v.
c≠mw hØn°m≥ kp\ltZmkv apt∂m´p
sh°p∂ P\ Øn s‚bpw hnizm kn I fp sSbpw
]utcmlnXyhpw ]cam[nImchpw F∂ Bibw
ss__nfns‚ Z¿i\ambn ImWmhp∂XmWv . Cu
Z¿i\sØ \ncmIcn®psIm≠mWv ]utcmlnXy
X¬]cyßfne[njv TnXamb Hcp ]pXnb k`m]cn
I¬]\ BhnjvIcn°s∏Sp∂Xv. k`bpsS B
ZysØ aq∂p kp\ltZmkpIƒ F∂ \nebn¬
]u  tcm  ln  Xy  Øn\p c≠mw
ÿm\w I¬]n°pIbpw P
\Øn\v H∂mw ]cnKW\ \
¬Ip I bpw sNøp∂p F∂ 
XmWv c≠mw hØn  °m≥
Iu ¨kn ens‚ k`m\n¿h 
N  \  Øn¬ ImWp∂ khn 
ti  j  X. CXv , tIm¨Ã‚ 
bn≥ BhnjvI cn® `uXnI
kz`m h tØmSp IqSnb k`m 
\n¿hN\Øn\v hncp≤hpw
ss__n  fn  t\mSv   ASpØp 
\n ¬°p  ∂  Xp  am  sW∂v
]ecpw hniz  kn  °p  I  bpw
A`n  {]m  b  s∏  Sp  Ibpw sN 
øp∂p.
2013 G{]n¬ 23
]pen°pt∂¬ Nq≠n°m´nb aq∂p aX
ktΩf\ßfnepw P\amWv Xocpam\ß
sfSpØXpw, aX]camb {]Jym]\߃
\SØnbXpw F∂p≈ ho£WØneqsS
X n c kv Icn ° s∏ Sp ∂Xv k` bpsS ]n¬ 
°me [m¿jvSyamWv. k`Iƒ A[nImc
Xm¬]cyw ap≥\n¿Ønbp≈ ÿm]\ß
fmbn ]cnWan°pIbpw ]utcmlnXyhpw
cmP˛A[nImc Xm¬]cyßfpw ]cv k]cw
ssItIm¿Øp \oßpIbpw sNbv XXns‚
A\p`h߃ ]n¬°meØp IS∂ph
∂p. Cu IS∂pIb‰w ss__nƒ ho£
WØn\p \qdpiXam\w hncp≤ambncp
∂p. k` AXns‚ P\Iob kz`mhØn¬
\n∂pw ]utcmlnXyØnte°pw A[n
Imc Xm¬]cyØnte°pw hgnamdp∂Xp
ambn _‘s∏´p ]pen°pt∂¬ Fgp
Xp∂p:
""tdma≥ N{Ih¿Ønbmbncp∂ tIm
¨ Ã‚bns‚ Iogn¬ k` cmjv{S a X am 
bXn\p tijw 325˛¬ tIm¨Ã‚bn≥
N{Ih¿Øn \nJym kp\ltZmkv hnfn
®pIq´n. A∂papX¬ c≠mw hØn°m≥
Iu¨kn¬ Dƒs∏sS 21 kp\ltZmkp
Iƒ \SØnbn´p≠v . CXn¬ H∂pw c≠pw
hØn°m≥ Iu¨kn¬ Hgn®p≈ F√m
kp  \  l  tZm  kp  Ifpw hnfn®pIq´n  bXv
A  °m  eL´  Ønse N{I  h¿Øn  am  cm 
bn  cp  ∂p.  ''
""Cu kp\ltZmkpIfnse√mw ssZh
imkv{Xßfpw A[nImc kwhn[m\ß
fpambncp∂p N¿® sNXvXncp∂Xv. a\p
jys\°pdn®v Cu kp\ltZmkv ]nXm
°≥am¿°v {]tXyI Xm¬]cysam∂pap
≠mbncp∂n√ F∂ ImcWØmemImw
CXv tbip a\pjymhXmcsaSpØXv B
Iam\ a\pjyh¿KØn\p th≠nbmbn
cp∂p F∂ Imgv N∏mSv Cu cmPIob kp
\ltZmkpIƒ°v D≠mbncp∂n√. CXn¬
\n∂pw hyXymkambn, k` ssZhP\am
sW∂ ImgvN∏mSv anXamsb¶nepw Ah
Xcn∏n®Xv c≠mw hØn°m≥ Iu¨kn
embncp∂p.''
""temIØnembncn°p∂ k` {Inkv
Xphns‚ PohnXamXrI kzoIcnt°≠n
bncp∂p. AXn\mbp≈ At\zjWambn
cp∂p k` \StØ≠nbncp∂Xv. tIm¨
Âbn≥ N{Ih¿Ønbn¬\n∂v G‰phm
ßnbXpw ss{IkvXh B[ymXvanIX°v
hncp≤hpamb cmPIob ]cnthjnXamb
LS\m k{ºZmbw k`bv °v Dt]£n°m
≥ hnjaap≠mbncp∂p'' (Hmim\ amknI, 2004
Pq¨ e°w, t]Pv 3).
ss{IkvXhk`Iƒ cmPm°≥amcpsSbpw `u
XnIXm¬]cy°mcmb ]ptcmlnX≥amcpsSbpw
ssIIfn¬ D]IcWambnØocp∂Xv tIm¨Ã‚
bn\pw ]ptcmlnX≥amcpw XΩnep≈ tbmPn∏n
s\ØpS¿∂mWv. k`bn¬ \n∂pw hnizmknI
fpw B[ymXvanIXbpw aX]camb aqeyßfpw
Xn ckvIcn ° s∏ Sp I bpw, ÿm] \ h¬°cn ° 
s∏´ k`Iƒ A[nImcØns‚ t{iWoIcWØn
epw ]¶pshbv∏pIfnepw A[njvTnXamb `uXn
Iÿm]\ambnØocpIbpw sNøp∂Xv ss__n
ƒ hncp≤amb ]mXbneqsS k©cn®psIm≠m
bncp∂p. a\pjycminsb°pdn®p Nn¥n°phm
\pw, a\pjycpsS {]iv\߃ Gs‰Sp°phm\pw
Xbmdmbncp∂n´n√mØ `uXnIk`Iƒ N¿® sN
bv Xncp∂ ssZhimkv {Xw A[nImcw \ne\n¿Øp
hm\p≈ D]m[nIfn¬ Dƒs∏´ H∂mbncp∂p.
{InkvXphns‚ PohnX amXrIbpw ss__nfns‚
aqeyßfpw X≈n°fbpIbpw AØcØnep≈
At\z  j  W  ß  fn¬ \n∂p ]n¥n  cn  bp  Ibpw
sNbvX k`, tIm¨Ã‚bn≥ \¬Inb `uXnI
tI{µoIrXamb LS\bpambn CW]ncnbmsX \n
¬°pIbmbncp∂p. Cu ZpxÿnXnbn¬ Hcp ]cn
h¿Ø\w BhiyamWv F∂ BibamWv c≠mw
hØn°m≥ kp\ltZmkv apt∂m´p sh®Xv. F.
 Un. 325 ˛¬ \nJym bn¬ \S ∂  kp \ l tZmkv
apX¬, k`bpsS \n¿hN\Øn¬ \hoIcWhpw
ss__nƒh¬°cWhpw \n¿tZin°p∂ c≠mw
hØn°m≥ kp\ltZmkv Dƒs∏sS \S∂ sam
Øw Ccp]Ønsbm∂p kp\ltZmkpIfn¬ tI
hew cs≠Æw Hgn®v ]sØmºXpw cmPm°≥am
  cpw `cWm[nImcnIfpw hnfn®ptN¿Øhbmbncp
∂p. k`Iƒ cmPm°≥amcpsSbpw `cWm[nIm
cnIfpsSbpw ssIIfnse A[nImcØns‚ D]
IcWßfmbmWv \o≠ \q‰m≠pItfmfw h¿Øn
®psIm≠ncp∂Xv F∂v CXn¬ \n∂v hy‡am
Ip∂p. aXhpw `cW IqShpw P\ß fn¬ B[n
c≠mw hØn°m≥ kp\l
tZmkv apt∂m´p  sh°p∂
"P\Øns‚bpw hnizmknI
fpsSbpw ]utcmlnXyhpw ]
c am [n Im chpw' F∂ B i 
bw ss__n fns‚ Z¿i \am 
bn ImWmhp∂XmWv. Cu Z
¿i \sØ \ncm I cn ®p sIm 
≠mWv ]u  tcm  lnXy Xm¬ 
]cyßfne[njvTnXamb Hcp
]p  Xnb k`m]cn  I¬]\
BhnjvIcn°s∏Sp∂Xv.
2013 G{]n¬ 24
]Xyhpw A[nImchpw {]tbmKn°m\p
≈ c≠p kam¥c D]IcWßfmbn h
¿Øn®Xns‚ sXfnhpIƒ k`bpsS Zo¿
L Ncn{XØn¬\n∂p e`yamWv.
k`bpsS P\hncp≤ {]hWXIƒ
ss__nfpw {InkvXphns‚ A[ym]
\ßfpw BZyIme k`m k¶¬]ßfpw
X≈n°f™psIm≠v ]n¬ImeØv `u
XnIÿm] \amb k` kzoIcn® \S] 
SnIfn¬ ]eXpw P\hncp≤hpw hnizmkn
hncp≤hpambncp∂p. cmPm[n]XyØn\pw
Zpjv{]`pXzØn\pw kvXpXn ]dbpIbpw
\ymboIcn°pIbpw sNbv XpsIm≠v k`
apt∂m´p \oßn. kp\ltZmkpIfpw aX
ktΩf\ßfpw {]Jym]\ßfpw hnizm
knIfpsS aX]chpw BXv aobhpamb A
`nhr≤n e£yam°nbp≈hbmbncp∂n√.
adn®v ]utcmlnXy˛{]`pXzØns‚ A[n
Imchpw ]ZhnIfpw Dd∏n°p∂Xn\p th
≠n am{Xambncp∂p. Zpjv{]`pXzhpw ]u
tcmlnXyhpw AXns‚ ASnÿm\LS
\bn¬ Xs∂bpw ]q¿Wambn P\hncp
≤ambncp∂p. LS\bn¬ P\hncp≤amb
]utcmlnXyØns‚ cq]`mh߃ \n¿
Wbn®Xv tIm¨Ã‚bn≥ N{Ih¿Øn
bpsS BibßfmWv. Cu Bibßsf
bpw am¿K\n¿tZißsfbpw Dƒs∏SpØn
s°m≠p≈ khntijamb N´°qSmWv
"tIm¨Ã‚bns‚ Zm\w' F∂p hntijn
∏n°s∏Sp∂Xv. ]utcmlnXyØns‚ Xp
cp∏pNo´mbn D]tbmKn°s∏´ph∂ Cu
tcJsb°pdn®v k`mNcn{XImc≥am¿°n
Sbn¬ A`n{]mb `n∂XIfp≠v. ]t£,
\q‰m≠pItfmfw Cu tcJsb tNmZyw
sNøs∏SmØ {]amWambn Ahew_n
®psIm≠mWv ]utcmlnXyhpw {]`pXz
hpw hnizmknIsf \nb{¥n®psIm≠ncp
∂Xv. cmPyßsfbpw P\ßsfbpw ASn
as∏SpØphm\pw \nb{¥n°phm\pap≈
]utcmlnXyØns‚ {iaßsf Cu tcJ
i‡ns∏SpØn. cmPy߃ sh´n∏nSn°p
hm\pw \n¿_‘nX aX]cnh¿Ø\w \S
Øphm\pw k`mt\XrXzØn\v Bthiw
]Icp∂Xnepw tIm¨Ã‚bns‚ Zm\w
D]tbmKn°s∏´p. k`m Ncn{XImc\mb
tkhy¿ IqS∏pg FgpXp∂p:
""am¿]m∏ cmjv{Sm[n]\pwIqSn Bb
Xns‚ ]n≥_eambnthWw tIm¨Ã‚
bns‚ Zm\sØ ho£n°m≥. ]m›mXy
tdmamkm{amPyØns‚bpw km¿h{XnI
k` bp sSbpw ta¬ am¿] m∏bv°v ]c am
[nImcw \¬Ins°m≠v tIm¨Ã‚bn≥ N{I
h¿Øn kn¬shÿ H∂ma\v (314˛355) \¬Inb
Hcp hnfw_cambn CXns\ IW°m°nt∏m∂p.
]t£, F´mw \q‰m≠n¬ am¿]m∏bpsS cmjv{Sm
[nImcØn\p≈ ]n¬_eambn Btcm sI´n®
a® Hcp hymP tcJbmWnXv. \thm∞m\ Imew
hsc CXns‚ km[pXsb Bcpw tNmZyw sNbv Xn
cp∂n√. Cu hymP tcJbn¬ N{Ih¿Øn°p
≠mb Hcp ZnhyZ¿i\sØ°pdn®pw, N{Ih¿Øn
IpjvTtcmKØn¬\n∂v A¤pXIcambn hnap‡
\mbXns\°pdn®pw \mSIobambn Nn{XoIcn®n
´p≠v. Z¿i\Øn¬ hn.]t{Xmkpw, hn. ]utem
kpw N{Ih¿ØntbmSp {Inkv XpaXw kzoIcn°m
≥ Bhiys∏s´∂pw kpJ{]m]vXn°mbn kn¬
shÿ am¿]m  ∏sb kµ¿in°m≥ Bhiys∏
s´∂pw ImWmw. Cu tcJb\pkcn®v At¥m
Iym, AeIvkm{≠nb, Pdqktew, tIm¨Ã‚n
t\m∏nƒ F∂o \mep tdma≥ {]hiyIfnepw
am¿]m∏bv °v A[nImcw \¬Inbn´p≠s{X? cmP
Iob thjhn[m\ßfpw ÿm\am\ßfpw am¿]m
 ∏bv°pw a‰p k`m[nImcnIƒ°pw tIm¨Ã‚
bn≥ Cu tcJhgn A\phZn®ncn°p∂p. k`m
[nImcnIsf√mw˛am¿]m∏, I¿Zn\mf≥am¿, sa
{Xm≥am¿, sshZnI¿˛tdmam km{amPyØnse cmP
Iobhpw D∂Xhpamb thjhn[m\߃ kzoI
cn®Xns‚ ImcWhpw Cu tcJbn¬ ImWp∂p
≠v. tdmam km{amPyØnse hnhn[ ÿm\]Z
hnIƒ k` kzoIcn®Xn\p≈ km[pIcWhpw
Cu tcJbnep≠v'' (Xncpk`m Ncn{Xw, t]Pv 498
˛499, Hmim\ amknI 2004 HIvtSm_¿ e°w,
t]Pv 36˛37¬ D≤cn®Xv).
k` t\SnsbSpØ `uXnIamb A[nImcØn
s‚ DdhnSw {InkvXphmbncp∂n√; tIm¨Ã‚
bnt\m, At±lsØt∏msebp≈ cmPm°≥amtcm
Bbncp∂p F∂Xv {it≤bamWv. F∂m¬ `u
am¿]m∏m ]Zhn hnip ≤ am 
b Hcp ÿm\ambn hnizmkn
Iƒ Icp  Xp  ∂p  sh  ¶n  epw,
B ]Z hn bn¬ FØp ∂ h 
cp w FØn b hcpw k© cn 
°p∂ ]mXIƒ A{X hnip
≤ambncp ∂n √ F∂ kXy 
Øn\v k`m Ncn{XØn¬ F
ºm Spw sXfn hpI fp≠v. D]
Pm]ßfpsSbpw KqVX{¥
ß fp sSbpw klm b tØm 
sS ]m∏m ]Z hn bn se Øn b 
hcpsS ]´nI \o≠ Xm Wv.
2013 G{]n¬ 25
XnI t{kmXn¬\n∂pambn k` t\Sn
sb  Sp  Ø Cu A[n  Im  c  Øns‚ hn\n 
tbmKw B[ymflnIhpw aX]chpamb
Bhiyßsf ap≥\n¿Ønbmbncp∂n√.
`uXnI kºØv Icÿam°m\pw hn
izmknkaqlsØ ASnaØØn¬ \ne
\n¿Øp  hm  \pw ]ptcm  ln  X≥am¿°p 
th≠n sIm√m\pw acn°m\pap≈ DØ
chp \S∏nem°m\pamWv k`Iƒ Cu
A[nImchpw i‡nbpw D]tbmKn®Xv.
tIm¨Ã‚bns‚ Zm\sa∂ t]cn¬ Adn
bs∏´ {]amWØns‚ hnizmkyXbpw
tcJm]camb kmwKXyhpw ]utcmlnXy
Øn\v hnjbßfmbncp∂n√. H´\h[n
I≈{]amWßsfbpw tcJIsfbpw ASn
ÿm\am°n \ne\n∂ncp∂ ]utcmln
Xy Øns‚ A [n  Imc LS \, Cusbmcp
tcJbpsS ImcyØn¬am{Xw hnizmky
Xbpw km[qIcWhpw At\zjn°psa
∂p hnizkn°p∂Xv Ncn{X]cambn A
_≤hpamWv. CØcw {]amWßfnepsS
bptdm∏nse cmPm[n]Xyw ssI°em°n
b am¿]m∏am¿ ]n∂oSv {ian®Xv Ab¬
cmPy߃ sh´n∏nSn°m\pw, A\yaXÿ
sc aX]cnh¿Ø\w sNøn®v ]utcmln
XyØns‚ ASnaIfpsS kwJy h¿[n∏n
°m\pamWv.
am¿]m∏am¿ t\cn´p cmPm[nImcw I
ømfpItbm am¿]m∏amcpsS A[oiXz
Øn\p IosgmXpßnb cmPm°≥amcneq
sS ]utcmlnXyw cmPy`cWhpw A[n
Imchpw {]tbmKn°tbm sNbvXp. \m
emw \q‰m≠n\ptijw bptdm∏nepw ss{I
kvXh kaqlßfnepw am¿]m∏amcpsS
{]Xn\n[nIfmtbm, ssIImcyI¿Øm°
fmtbm cmPm°≥am¿ `cWw\SØp∂
ÿnXn h∂ptN¿∂p. am¿]m∏amcpsS \n
¿tZi{]Imcw `cWw \SØnb cmPm°
≥am¿ Ah¿°pth≠n bp≤ßfpw t]m
cm ´ ßfpw \SØn Ass{I kvX hsc \n 
¿_‘n®p aX]cnh¿Ø\Øn\p hnt[
bam°pIbpw sNbvXn´p≠v. CXns‚ an
I® DZmlcWamWv H≥]Xmw \q‰m≠n¬
{^m≥kn¬ N{Ih¿Ønbmbncp∂ Nm¿en
sabn¬. Ct±lw \SØnb {InkvXpaX
]cnh¿Ø\Øn\p ]n∂n¬, {InkvXpaX
tØmSp≈ {]Xn_ ≤Xsb °mƒ IqSp
X¬ ]utcmlnXyhnt[bXzhpw A[nIm
ctamlhamWv h¿Øn®ncp∂Xv. tUm.
tkhy¿ IqS∏pg FgpXp∂p:
""Ass{Ikv Xhcmb Ab¬cmPyßfp
am bn bp≤ Øn te¿s]´v  {InkvXp aXw
kzoIcn°m≥ Ahsc \n¿_‘n®v, `bs∏SpØn
aX]cnh¿Ø\w sNøp∂ \bamWv Nm¿ensa
bn≥ kzoIcn®Xv. ]ucmhImi߃ e`n°W
sa¶n¬ {Inkv XpaXw kzoIcn°Wambncp∂p. A
ss{Ikv Xh ]mcºcyßfpw k{ºZmbßfpw km
{am  Py  Øn¬ \ntcm[n°pIbpw sNbvXp. FÆ
Øn¬ {InkvXym\nIƒ h¿[n®p'' (Xncpk`m N
cn{Xw, t]Pv 500˛4501; Hmim\ amknI 2004 HIv tSm
_¿ e°w, t]Pv 37˛38¬ D≤cn®Xv).
k` AXns‚ BXvaob ZuXy߃ Dt]£n
°pIbpw `uXnIamb `cWIqSØns‚bpw cmP
`cWØns‚bpw \S]SnIƒ°v ap≥Xq°w \¬Ip
Ibpw sNbvXXns‚ ^eambn ss{IkvXh kaq
lØn¬ Bhn¿`hn® {]iv\߃°v ]cnlmcw
ImWp∂Xn\p≈ BtemN\Iƒ CS°meØv
D≠msb¶nepw ]utcmlnXyØns‚ IpSneXI
sf adnIS∂p apt∂m´pt]mIphm≥ Ahbv °p km
[n®n√. ]m∏am¿ cmPm°≥amscbpw `cWm[n
ImcnIsfbpw \nb{¥n°pIbpw cmPm[nImcw t]
∏ kn bpsS Im¬°ogn¬ Aa cp I bpw Zpjv{]`p 
Xzhpw ]utcmlnXyhpw ]ckv]cw klIcn°p
Ibpw sNøp∂Xns‚ XpS¿®bmbn Bhn¿`hn®
Zpc¥ßƒ G‰phmtß≠nh∂Xv ss{Ikv Xh k
aqlamWv. Cu Zpc\p`hßfn¬ \n∂p≈ tamN
\am{Kln®psIm≠mWv ]n∂oSv s{]m´Ã‚p Nn
¥mKXnsbbpw \o°ßsfbpw ]n¥pW°phm≥
bqtdm∏n\IØpw ]pdØpw hnizmknIfp≠mbXv .
k` a\p jysc hnkvacn °p Ibpw A [n  Im c 
Ønepw B[n]XyØnepw {i≤sNepØpIbpw
ssZhimkv {X N¿®Ifpw kp\ltZmkpIfpw k`
bpsS `uXnI Xm¬]cyßfpsS \n¿hlWØn
\p D]m[nIfmbnØocpIbpw sNbvXXns‚ XpS
¿®bmbmWv k`mhncp≤amb BtemN\Iƒ D
b¿∂ph∂Xv. Ign™ \q‰m≠pIfnepw C∂pw
\ne\n¬°p∂XmWv k`m˛]utcmlnXy hncp≤
F.Un. 325¬ \nJymbn¬ \S
∂ kp\ltZmkv apX¬, k`
bpsS \n¿hN\Øn¬ \ho
I  c  Whpw ss_  _n   ƒ  h 
¬°c Whpw \n¿tZ in °p 
∂ c≠mw hØn°m≥ kp\
l  tZmkv Dƒs∏sS \S∂
sam Øw Ccp ] Øn sbm∂p
kp\ltZm kp I fn¬ tI h 
ew cs≠Æw Hgn®v ]sØm
ºXpw cmPm °≥amcpw `c 
Wm[nImcnIfpw hnfn®ptN
¿ Ø h bm bn cp ∂p.
2013 G{]n¬ 26
Nn¥Iƒ. CØcw Nn¥Ifnse√mw {In
kv XpZ¿i\sØ a\ptjym≥apJam°p∂
Xn\p≈ B{Klhpw A`nemjßfpw ap
∂n´p\n¬°p∂Xp ImWmw. ssZhimkv
{Xw, k`mt\XrXzØn¬ \S∂ N¿®Iƒ,
{]h¿Ø\߃ F∂nhsb√mw hnizm
knIƒI\pKpWamImØ am¿KØneqsS
\oßnbXns‚ XpS¿®bmbn DcpØncn™
Bi b ß sfbpw {] h ¿Ø \ ß sfbpw
kqNn∏n®psIm≠v tPmk^v ]pen°pt∂
¬ FgpXp∂p: ""ssZhimkv{Xsa∂m¬
ssZhsØ°pdn®p≈ ]T\w F∂ ]mc
ºcy\njvTamb ho£WsØ adnIS∂v,
ssZhimkv{XØns‚ ASnÿm\w a\p
jys\ Du∂nbmbncn°Wsa∂ ho£
WamWv hntamN\ ssZhimkv {XØns‚
h‡m°ƒ°v D≠mbncp∂Xv. ssZhtI
{µoIrXamb XntbmfPnb√, a\pjy tI
{µo Ir X amb a\p  tjy m f Pn bm Wv B[p
\nI bpKØn¬ {][m\w F∂v hn  tam  N 
\ ssZh  im  kv {X  Nn  ¥  I¿ hm  Z  n  ®  p.''
""tbiphns‚ AhXmcw a\pjys‚
B[ymflnI hntamN\Øn\p am{Xa√,
a\pjys‚ ka{KhntamN\Øn\pw IqSn
bmbncp∂p F∂ hmZamWv Ah¿ \nc
ØnbXv. adnbw kz¿KØnte°v DStem
sS BtcmlWw sNbvtXm? adnbw Aa
temXv `hbmbncpt∂m? {Inkv Xphn¬ a\p
jyXzØns‚bpw ssZhXzØns‚bpw A
\p]mXw F{Xbmbncp∂p? ]ptcmlnX¿
Ip¿_m\ A¿∏nt°≠Xv apt∂m´p\n∂m
tWm, AtXm `nØn A`napJambmtWm?
apXemb "Kl\'ßfmb ImcyßfmWv
AXphsc hØn°m\nse AS®n´ apdn
bn¬ k¿hhn[ kuIcyßtfmSpIqSn
tNt°dnb ssZhimkv{X⁄≥am¿ Nn¥n®Xv.
]t£, Cu _u≤nI XntbmfPnsb°mƒ a\p
jytI{µoIrXamb Hcp a\ptjymfPnbmWv k`
°v Bhiysa∂v Nne¿ Nn¥n®p. sk‚v AK
Ãn\pw AIzn\mkpw sse{_dnIfn¬ am{Xw C∂v
k∂nlnXcmWv. F∂m¬ {^m≥knkv Aokn
bpw aZ¿ sXtckbpsa√mw a\pjylrZbßfn¬
F∂pw k∂nlnXcmbncn°pw''(Hmim\ amknI,
2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 5˛6).
{InkvXp hn`mh\w sNbvX BZ¿ißfn¬
\n∂pw e£yßfn¬ \n∂pw k` hyXnNen®p
t]mbXns‚ A\nhmcy^eamWv k`mhncp≤ ho
£Wßfmbn Bhn¿`hn®Xv . k`mhncp≤ ho£
ßfpsS kzm[o\hpw taJebpw bYm¿YØn¬
AXnhn]peambncp∂p. bptdm∏n\IØpw ]pdØp
ambn hnizmknIƒ°nSbn¬ \ne\n∂ncp∂ ]u
tcm ln Xy Øn s\ Xn cmb hnIm c hn Nm c ß fn¬
\n∂pamWv kzX{¥Nn¥bpsS Bibmwi߃
DcpØncn™ph∂Xv. ssZhimkv{Xhpw ]mcº
cy]T\ßfpw ]utcmlnXyØns‚ D]IcWß
fmbn A[x ]Xn®t∏mƒ a\pjytI{µoIrXamb
Nn¥Iƒ°p k`mLS\bn¬ ÿm\an√mXmbn
Øo¿∂p. Cu ÿnXnhntijØn\v D≠mb Xncn
®SnIfn¬ H∂v hy‡nIfn¬ Nne¿ ss__nfn
s‚ bpw {Inkv Xp hns‚ A[ym ] \ ß fp sS bpw
shfn®Øn¬ k`sbbpw ]utcmlnXyØns‚
kmt¶XnI LS\sbbpw ]cntim[n°phm≥ X
bm  dmbn cwKØph∂p F∂XmWv. ss{IkvXh
aq ey ß fp sS kzX {¥ amb Ah ew _ ßƒ D] 
tbmKn®p ]utcmlnXysØbpw AXns‚ A[n
ImcLS\sbbpw ]cntim[n°pIbpw hna¿in
°pIbpw sNøp∂ Nn¥Iƒ tIcfØnepw D≠m
bn. CØcw Nn¥IfpsS hmlIcn¬ Nne¿ \m
kv XnIcpw a‰pNne¿ kzX{¥ BXvaobhmZnI
fpw a‰pNne¿ hnizmk]camb XßfpsS \ne
]mSpIƒ ]msS ad®psh®psIm≠v k`mkwhn
[m\Øns‚ cq£hna¿iIcpambnØo¿∂p. tIc
fØn¬Xs∂ Fw.]n. t]mƒ, tPmk^v ap≠t»cn,
s]m≥Ip∂w h¿°n F∂nßs\ ]ecpw Ah
cptSXmb `mjbnepw ssienbnepw ]utcmln
XyØns‚ \ninX hna¿iIcmbncp∂p. ]utcm
lnXyØns‚bpw k`bpsSbpw t\¿°p cq£am
b hna¿i\w \bn®psIm≠v s]m≥Ip∂w h¿°n
]d™ hm°pIƒ {it≤bamWv:
""Cu PohnX aqeyʧġv {]Imiw sImSp
ØpsIm≠v C∂sØ ItØmen°mk`sb \ap
s°m∂v ]cntim[n°mw. C∂p k` ssZhsØ
I≠p]nSn°m\p≈ Z¥tKm]pcØn¬IqSn Db 
cpIbmWv. Ipd®pIqSntb Dbtc≠q, BImi
Øn¬ ap´m≥! AXns‚ D®nbn¬ t]m∏v, AXn
\pXmsg I¿Zn\mf≥am¿, sa{Xms∏meoØam¿,
sa{Xm≥am¿, AXn\pXmsg hnImcnam¿; XmgsØ
BtKmf cmjv {So  b  Øn  epw
\  b  X{¥ _‘  ß  fn  epw
ss{IkvXh kmaqlyhnNmc
ß fnepw Gsd kzm[o \n ° 
s∏´ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥
D¬]XnjvWphmb am¿]m∏
F∂v Adn bs∏´n cp∂p. F
∂ m¬ Xs‚ ap≥Km an I fn 
¬\n∂v `n∂ ambn GsX ¶n 
epw Xc Øn ep≈ ]ptcm K a 
\ \S]SnIƒ°v Ct±lw k
`sb hnt[bam°pIbp≠m
bn ´n √.
2013 G{]n¬ 27
N¿®Iƒ°v XpS°w Ipdn®p. ]ptcmlnX≥amcpsS
hnhmlw, kzh¿KcXn XpSßnb hnjb߃ ]p
Xnb ImeL´Øn¬ hØn°m\p ap∂n¬ sh√p
hnfnIfmbnØo¿∂Xv ]ptcmlnXcpsS \S]SnI
sf Ipdn®p≈ {IamXoXamb am[ya hnhcW
ßfpsS IqsS kzm[o\ ^eambn´mbncp∂p. ]e
{]iv\ßfnepw hØn°m\p t\cn´v CSs]tS≠n
hcnIbpw, \jv S]cnlmcw \¬In AØcw {]iv \
߃ Ahkm\n∏nt°≠nhcnIbpw sNbvXn´p
≠v. ASnÿm\XeØn¬ k` B[ymflnIa√m
XmbnØo¿∂Xns‚ ^eambncp∂p kXyØn¬
CØcw {]iv \ßsf√mw. k`bpsS `uXnI kz`m
hØn¬ kZmNmcw A¿lamb coXnbn¬ ]cnK
Wn°s∏´n√. tPmk^v ]pen°pt∂¬ FgpXp
∂p: ""Ign™ c≠p ZiIßfmbn k`sb De®
as‰mcp {]iv\w temIsaºmSpw ]ptcmlnX¿s°
Xnsc Db¿∂ph∂ sseKnwI ]oU\ tIkpI
fmbncp∂p. Btcm]WØn\v hnt[bcmhcn¬
I¿Zn\mf≥amcpw sa{Xm≥amcpw ]ptcmlnXcpw
Dƒs∏Sp∂p. Atacn°bnse ]e cq]XIfpw ]p
tcmlnX ]oU\Øn\ncbmbh¿°v \jvS ]cn
lmcw \¬In ]m∏cmbn. hØn°ms‚ hnZKv[
amb am[ya CSs]  S  epIƒaqew IYIƒ ]eXpw
]pdØph∂n√ F∂pam{Xw.''
""bYm¿YØn¬ Ip‰hmfnIsf∂v IcpXs∏
Sp∂ ]ptcmlnXsc°mfpw sa{Xm≥amsc°mfpw
C°mcyØn¬ ssZhØns‚ ap≥]n¬ Ip‰hmfn
am¿]  m  ∏  bm  Wv . ]p  tcm  ln  X¿°v \n¿_  ‘nX
Ahnhmlmhÿ ASnt®¬]n® am¿]m∏ ssZh
Øns\Xnscbpw a\pjys\Xnscbpw ]m]amWp
sNbvXXv. ]ptcmlnX≥amcpsS AhnhmlnXmh
ÿ ssZh I¬]\b√. At∏mkvXe≥amcpsS
tbm BZna k`bpsStbm I¬]\b√. ]utem
kv«olm hy‡ambn FgpXn: "F∂m¬ \o hn
hmlw Ign°ps∂¶n¬ ]m]a√ sNøp∂XvHcp
I\yI hnhmlw Ign°p∂sX¶n¬ Ahfpw sN
\nebpsS hmXn¬°¬ I]ym¿ \n¬]p
≠v . ItØmen°mk` sshZnIcpsS ssI
Ifn¬ Xs∂bmWv. Ah¿°v tkmjy
enÃv \mKcnIXtbmSv F¥v ASp∏amWp
≈Xv? AXn \m hiy am b Nn¥m kzm X 
{¥yw Ah¿°pt≠m? am\hkapZmbØn
s‚ \≥a°pth≠nbp≈ ]cnh¿Ø\
Øn¬ F{XtØmfw klIcn°m≥ km
[n°psa∂v Nn¥n°m≥ t]mepw Ah¿
Hcpßp∂n√'' (Hmim\ amknI, 2004 HIv
tSm_¿ e°w, t]Pv 6, 1975 Unkw_dn¬
\SØnb Hcp {]kwKØn¬ \n∂p≈
`mK߃).
hnizmknkaqltØmSpw ImetØm
Spap≈ ISpØ AhKW\ ]utcmln
XyØns‚ F°mesØbpw apJap{Zbm
bncp∂p. Cu bYm¿YyamWv Xt‚Xmb
`mjbn¬ s]m≥Ip∂w h¿°n ]d™
Xv. ss{IkvXh ]utcmlnXyØns‚ \r
iw k X Iƒs° Xn cn ep≈ {]Xn tj[w
F∂ \nebn¬ aXsØXs∂ ]msS X
≈n°fbm≥ \n¿_‘nXcmb \nch[n
kzX{¥Nn¥Icpw BXvaobZmlnIfpw
Ncn{XØn¬ Ign™pt]mbn´p≈Xv \ap
°dnbmw.
k`bpw kZmNmchpw
[m¿anIX°p ap¥nb ]cnKW\ \
¬Ip∂ coXn k`°v BZyL´Øn¬ D
≠mbncp∂ncn°mw. F∂m¬ `uXnIh¬
°cn°s∏´ k` ]n∂oSv A[nImctØm
sSm∏wXs∂ kpJtemep]X°pw {]m[m
\yw \¬IpIbp≠mbn. `uXnIh¬°c
W  Øns‚ Hcp kzm`mhnIamb Xncn®Sn
tbm ]cnWnXntbm Bbncp∂p ]utcm
lnXyØns‚ kpJtemep]X.
ItØmen°mk`bpsS Ncn{XØnepw
h¿Øam\ImeØnepw k`sb hnSmsX
]n¥pScp∂ Hcp {]iv\amWv ]ptcmln
X≥amcpsS ssewKnI AcmPIXzw. CXv
k`m_mlyamb Hcp hna¿i\sa∂ \ne
bn¬ Db¿∂ph∂n´p≈ hnjba√. adn®v ,
Ign™ \q‰m≠nepw Cu \q‰m≠nepw
k`°IØv Iqe¶jamb N¿®Iƒ°pw
kwhmZ߃°pw hnt[bambn´p≈ Imcy
amWv. k`bpsS B[nImcnI tcJIfn¬
Cu hnjbw A¿ln°p∂ ]cnKW\
tbmsS ÿm\w ]nSn®n´pt≠m F∂Xp
as‰mcp tNmZyamWv . F∂m¬ Cu {]iv \
Øn\v Ign™ c≠p ZiIßfn¬ am[y
a ß fn¬ e`n® ]cn K W\ k` bpsS k 
ZmNmc \nehmcsØ°pdn®p≈ ]pXnb
]q¿hn I cmb ]m∏ am cpsS
IncmXhrØnIfn¬ ]eXpw
tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥ Bh
¿Øn®ncp∂p. F∂m¬ Ime
L ´ Øns‚ hyXymkw Imc 
Wam Imw, ]e  Im cy ßfpw
B [p \nI cq] `m h ß tfm 
sS  bpw ab  s∏  Sp  Øn   bp 
amWv {]m h¿Øn I am °n b 
Xv. a\pjys‚ Nn¥m ˛ A `n 
{]mb kz m  X{¥yw \ntj[n
°p  ∂  Xn  ¬ tPm¨t]mƒ
c≠m  a≥ am  ¿]m∏ ]q¿h 
Ime ]m∏ am  sc A\p  I  cn 
®  Xmbn Im  Wmw.
2013 G{]n¬ 28
øp∂Xv ]m]a√'' (1sImdn¥y¿: 7:28) "Im
awsIm≠v Fcnbp∂Xns\°mƒ hnhmlw
Ign°p∂XmWv DØaw' (1 sImdn: 7:7)
F∂pw ]utemkv A\pimkn°p∂p.''
""ssewKnI A]hmZt°kpIfn¬ \
jv S]cnlmcw \¬tI≠Xv cq]XIfmbn
cp∂n√. adn®v a\pjy kz`mhØns\Xn
cmbn \nba߃ krjvSn® hØn°m\m
bncp∂p. hØn°ms‚ k©nX kºØm
Wv \jvS]cnlmcw sImSp°m≥ D]tbm
Knt°≠sX∂mWv Fs‚ hn\oXamb A
`n{]mbw. A[m¿anIamb \nbaw a\pjy
cpsSta¬ ASnt®¬]n®Xn\v \jvS]cn
lmcw \¬Im≥ DØchmZn hØn°m\m
Wv '' (Hmim\ amknI, 2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 6˛7).
ss__nƒ A\phZn® Hcp Imcyw
\ntj[n®psIm≠v k`, A[m¿anIX°v
t{]m’ml\w \¬IpIbmWv bYm¿Y
Øn  ¬ sNbvXXv. k`bpsS A[nImc
s°mXnbpw B[n]Xytamlßfpw aXm
XoXamb Xm¬]cyßfpambn _‘s∏´
e£y߃°mbmWv ]ptcmlnX¿ IpSpw
_ PohnXw \bn°p∂Xv hne°nbXv.
]t£, Cu hne°v FXn¿^e amWp
kr jvSn ® Xv. hne °p Isf A h K Wn ®p 
sIm≠v `uXnI XrjvWIfpsS ]ndtI
k©cn® ]ptcmlnX≥am¿ kpJtemep
]X°v \njn≤am¿K߃ Ahew_n°p
∂Xn¬ FØnt®¿∂p.
]ptcmlnX\pw hnπhImcnbpambncp
∂ ^mZ¿ hS°≥ FgpXp∂p: ""{_“N
cysaSpØ ItØmen°m sshZnIcn¬ 99
iXam\w Hcp XcØnes√¶n¬ as‰mcp
XcØn¬ {_m“Ncym{hXw ewLn®p Po
hn°p∂hcmsW∂v F\n°p I´mbambn
´dbmw. B ÿnXn°p Xmßm\mhmØ
`mcw B ]mhs∏´ IgpXIfpsS ]pdØp
Ib‰n shbv°p ∂Xp k` °p `qj W a 
s√∂mWv C∂pw Fs‚ hy‡n]camb
A`n{]mbw. Zu¿_eyw A\p`hs∏Sp∂
h≥ AXp Xpd∂p kΩXn°s´sb∂pw,
ZmºXyPohnXw Cjv Ss∏Sp∂ sshZnI≥
AXp kzoIcn®psIm≠v sshZnI\mbn
XpScs´b∂pw, _ehm≥ \nXy {_“N
cym{hXsaSpØv IqSpX¬ hne]nSn® A
¿∏W PohnXw sXcs™Sp°s´sb∂pw
k` Xocpam\n®p ImWm\mWv Fs‚ A
`nemjw. F∂√msX F¥p Im´n°q´n
bmepw Ipºkmcn®m¬ aXn F∂ Ir{Xna
a\am[m\tØmsS Pohn°m≥ ItØm
en°m sshZnIsc \n¿_‘n°p∂Xp k
XytØmSpw Abm{¥nI kz`mhtØmSpw \SØp
∂ `b ¶c sh√p hn fn bm bn cn °pw'' (Fs‚ Ip
Xn∏pw InX∏pw, ^mZ¿: hS°≥, t]Pv 30, D≤
cWw Hmim\ amknI 2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 7˛8).
ItØm en°m k` bpsS Aim kv{Xo b amb
ho£W߃°v anI® DZmlcWamWv ]ptcm
lnXcpsS {_“Ncym\nbaw. IpSpw_PohnXw
\bn°p∂ h¿°v {InkvXphns‚ tkhIcmbncn
°m≥ ss__nƒ A\phZn°mØXns‚ {]iv\
a√ ChnsSbp≈Xv. I\ymkv{XoIsfbpw {_“
NmcnIfmb ]ptcmlnXscbpw D]tbmKn®v k`
bpsS kºØpw A[nImchpw kzm[o\hpw \nb
{¥Wßfpw \n¿hlW kwhn[m\ßfpw IqSp
X¬ i‡am°p∂Xn\p≈ Dt±iyw k`°p≠m
bncp∂p. F∂m¬, k`bpsS C°mcyØnep≈
]cn[nIƒ {i≤n°phm≥ a\pjyklPamb hn
Imcßfp≈ ]ptcmlnX≥am¿°v IgnbmsX h∂
Xns‚ XpS¿®bmbn Bhn¿`hn® {]iv\߃ bq
tdm∏nepw C¥ybnepw temIsØhnsSbpw hnizm
knIsf Akzÿam°pIbpw th´bmSpIbpw sN
bvXp. ]utcmlnXyØns‚ kZmNmc hncp≤hpw
A[m¿anIhpamb {]h¿Ø\ßtfmSp≈ hntbm
Pn∏ns‚bpw {]Xntj[Øns‚bpw ^eambn aX
sØ Xs∂ X≈n∏dtb≠nh∂hcp≠mbn!
tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma\pw dm‰vknwKdpw
ItØmen°m k`bpsS Ncn{XØn¬ 265 am
¿]m∏am¿ h∂pt]mbn´p≠v. {InkvXphns‚ P∑
\mSmb ^ekv Xo\n¬\n∂p≈hcmbncp∂n√ Ch
cn¬ Hcmƒt]mepw. 266masØ am¿]m∏bmbn G
Xm\pw Znhk߃°papºv Xncs™Sp°s∏´Xm
Is´ A¿P‚o\bpsS I¿Zn\mƒ s_¿tKmfntbm
BWv. Ccp\qdne[nIw t]cpw C‰enbn¬ \n∂p
≈hcmbncp∂psh¶n¬ 99 t]¿ tdmam \Kchm
knIfmbncp∂p. ItØmen°m k`bpsS Ncn{X
k`m hn cp≤ ho£ ß fpsS
kzm[o \hpw taJ ebpw b 
Ym¿YØn¬ AXnhn]peam
bncp∂p. bptdm∏n\IØpw
]p d Øp ambn hnizm kn I ƒ 
°n  S  bn¬ \ne  \n  ∂n  cp∂
]u  tcm  ln  Xy  Øn  s\  Xn  cmb
hnImchnNmcßfn¬ \n∂p
amWv kzX  {¥  Nn  ¥  bpsS
B i bmw i ßƒ Dcp Øn cn 
™ph∂Xv.
2013 G{]n¬ 29
Øn¬ AwKoIcn°s∏Sp∂ Ch¿°p ]p
dsa, 37 FXn¿ ]m∏amcpw D≠mbn´p≠v.
shfpØh¿K°mcpw sXmenshfpØhcpw
am{XamWv am¿]m∏m ÿm\Øn\v A¿
l¿ F∂ HcenJnX \nbaw ]m∏amcpsS
Xncs™Sp∏n¬ {]mh¿ØnIam°s∏´
Xmbn ImWmw. 265 am¿]m∏amcn¬ ]Xn
\memw am¿]m∏bmbncp∂ hnIvS¿ (189
˛199), 32˛mw am¿]m∏bmbncp∂ sa¬°nbm
sZkv (311˛314), 49˛mw am¿]m∏bmbncp∂
sPemknbqkv H∂ma≥ (492˛496) F∂n
ß s\ aq∂p t]¿ am{X am Wv B{^n ° 
bn¬\n∂v Xncs™Sp°s∏´Xv. ]m∏m]
´Øn\v IdpØhcpw Ccp\nd°mcpw A
¿llcs√∂ ItØmen°m k`bpsS
Xocpam\w {]mh¿ØnIam°s∏´XpsIm
≠mWnXv .
s_\UnIvSv ]Xn\mdma≥ F∂ t]
cn¬ ÿm\ta‰ dm‰vknwKdn\p apºv tPm
¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥ F∂dnbs∏´ am¿]m
∏ (1978˛2009) Gsd {]iwkn°s∏´ hy
‡nbmWv. BtKmf cmjv{SobØnepw \
bX{¥ _‘ßfnepw ss{IkvXh km
aqlyhnNmcßfnepw Gsd kzm[o\n°
s∏´ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥ D¬]Xnjv
Wphmb am¿]m∏ F∂v Adnbs∏´ncp
∂p. F∂m¬ Xs‚ ap≥KmanIfn¬\n∂v
`n∂ambn GsX¶nepw XcØnep≈ ]p
tcmKa\ \S]SnIƒ°v Ct±lw k`sb
hnt[bam°pIbp≠mbn´n√. am{Xhpa√
tPm¨t]mƒ H∂mas‚ (1978) \S]SnIƒ
AtX]Sn ]n¥pScpIbpw sNbvXncp∂p.
tPm¨t]mƒ H∂ma\v Xs‚ ]Zhnbn¬
Ccn°m≥ Ign™Xv tIhew 34 Znhkw
am{Xambncp∂p. hØn°m\nse Hcp kw
Lw D]Pm]I¿ Dd°KpfnI \¬In At±lsØ
h[n°pIbmbncp∂p F∂v ]dbs∏Sp∂p. am¿]m
 ∏ ]Zhn°pth≠n KpVhpw {Iqchpamb \o°
߃ H´\h[n \S∂n´p≈Xmbn ItØmen°m
k`bpsS Ncn{XØn¬ ImWmw.
Gsd {]iwkn°s∏´ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥
ItØmen°mk`bpsS bmYmÿnXnIhpw ]ptcm
Ka\ hncp≤hpamb \S]SnIsf Bh¿Øn®pd
∏n°pIbmWp sNbvXXv. tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma
s\°pdn®v tPmk^v ]pen°pt∂¬ FgpXp∂p:
""tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma\v, 23˛mw tPm¨am¿]m∏
k`bn¬ Bcw`n® \hoIcW {]{Inb°p X{¥
]q¿hw XSbnSm\pw k`sb 16˛mw \q‰m≠ns‚
]n∂nte°p \bn°m\pw Ign™p''(Hmim \ am 
knI, 2005 sabv, t]Pv 4).
ItØmen°m k`bpsS tImbvabpw B[n]
Xyhpw cmjv{Sobm[nImcßfpw Xncn®p ]nSn°p
∂Xn\p≈ \o°ßfmWv bYm¿YØn¬ tPm¨
t]mƒ c≠ma≥ \SØnbXv . hnhn[ temI cmjv {S
ßfnte°v At±lw \SØnb bm{XIfpw hnhn[
kaqlßfpambn \SØnb Bib hn\nabßfpw
\bX{¥_‘ßfpsams°bpw AØcØnep≈
hnhnt[mt±iam\߃ D≈hbmbncp∂p. ss{I
kvXh kaqlsØ AXns‚ BtKmf cmjv{Sob
i‡ntbmsS Xncn®psIm≠phcp∂Xn\p≈ tPm
¨t]mƒ c≠mas‚ {]h¿Ø\߃, k`bpsS
B[ymXvanIamb imIvXoIcW \S]SnIfmbncp
∂n√. tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥ k©cn®hgnIƒ
XnI®pw cmjv{Sob]cambncp∂p:
""2˛mw tPm¨t]mƒ am¿]m∏bpsS temI]
cyS\Øns‚ e£yw am¿]m∏ ]Zhn°p \jvS
s∏´ cmPIobXbpw {]Xm]hpw Xncns®Sp°pI
F∂Xmbncp∂p. am¿]m∏bpsS cmPykµ¿i\
ßsf√mwXs∂ Hcp Xo¿YmSIs\∂ \nebne
√. adn®v Hcp cmjv{SØehs‚ {]Xm]Ønem
bncp∂p \S∂Xv. 16˛mw \q‰m≠n\p ap≥]p≠m
bn  cp∂ ]m∏mÿm\Øns‚ {]Xm]w Xncn®psIm
≠phcp∂Xn\p≈ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠mas‚ ]cn
{ia߃ hnPbn®p F∂Xn\p sXfnhmWv, At±
lØns‚ arXkwkvImcØn\v cmjv{SØeh≥
amsc IfØnend°m≥ tdmanse \bX{¥⁄
≥am¿°v Ign™p F∂Xv '' (Hmim\ amknI, 2005
Pq¨, t]Pv 3˛4).
]ptcmlnXcpsS hnhmlw, {InkvXy≥ {]m¿Y
\IfpsS LS\, IpSpw_ kwhn[m\Øns‚ kz
`mhw, CXc aXkaqlßfpambp≈ _‘w F
∂nXymZn hnjbßfnse√mw tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m
a≥ ]n¥pS¿∂Xv ]Xn\mdmw \q‰m≠n\p apº
sØ am¿]m∏amcpsS \ne]mSpIƒ Xs∂bmbn
cp∂p. ItØmen°m k`bpsS kZmNmc \ne
hmcØI¿®°p ImcWamb Acm  PI  Xz  ߃
Ign™ c≠p Zi I ß fn¬
am[y a ß fn¬ e`n® ]cn K 
W\ k`bpsS kZmNmc \n
e  hm  c  sØ  °  p  dn  ®p≈ ]p 
Xnb N¿® Iƒ°v XpS°w
Ipdn ®p. ]ptcm ln X≥am cp 
sS hnhm lw, kzh ¿K c Xn
XpSßnb hnjb߃ ]pXn
b ImeL´Øn¬ hØn°m
 \p ap∂n¬ sh√p hn fn I fm 
bn Øo¿∂Xv ]ptcm ln X cp 
sS \S]Sn Isf Ipdn ®p≈
{Iam Xo X amb am[ya hnh c 
WßfpsS IqsS kzm[o\
^ e am bn ´m bn cp ∂p.
2013 G{]n¬ 30
X  S  bp  hm  \p≈ am¿K  sa∂ \ne  bn¬
]ptcmlnXcpsS hnhmlw Bhiyambn
cp ∂p.
C°mcyØn¬ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥
am¿]m∏ ]n¥ncn∏≥ \bamWp kzoI
cn  ®Xv : ""Bdmw t]mƒ am¿∏m  ∏  bpsS
ImeØv (1963˛1978) hnhmlnXcmIm≥ B
{Kln®ncp∂ ]ptcmlnX¿°v AXn\p≈
A\phmZw \¬Inbncp∂p. 12,000tØmfw
t]¿ ]ptcmlnXÿm\w Dt]£n®v hn
hmlw Ign®v am\w acymZbmbn Pohn
°p∂p. ]t£, tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥
]ptcmlnX¿ hnhmlw Ign°p∂Xv ho
≠pw hne°n: As√¶n¬ Akm[yam°n
'' (Hmim\ amknI, 2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 7).
]q¿hnIcmb ]m∏amcpsS IncmXhr
ØnIfn¬ ]eXpw tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma
≥ Bh¿Øn®ncp∂p. F∂m¬ ImeL
´Øns‚ hyXymkw ImcWmImw, ]e
Imcyßfpw B[p\nI cq]`mhßtfmsS
bpw abs∏SpØnbpamWv {]mh¿ØnIam
°n b Xv. a\p jys‚ Nn¥m ˛ A `n {]mb
kzmX{¥yw \ntj[n°p∂Xn¬ tPm¨
t]mƒ c≠ma≥ am¿]m∏ ]q¿hIme ]m
∏amsc A\pIcn®Xmbn ImWmw.
""ap≥Ime ]m∏am¿ a\pjys‚ Nn
¥m kzm X {¥y Øn s\ Xn sc bmWv sX‰p
sNbvXXv.''
""tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥ am¿]m∏bpw
Xs‚ `cWImeØv Cu ap≥KmanIfpsS
sX‰pIƒ Bh¿Øn®p. F{Xsb{X {]ap
Jcmb imkv{X⁄≥amcpsS \mhpw Xq
enIbpamWv Cu am¿]m∏ AdpØXv!
hntamN\ ssZhimkv{X Nn¥I\mb
t_m^v, k`m \hoIcWhmZnbpw {]i
kvX ssZhimkv{X⁄\pamb lm≥kv
bp≠v, ssZhimkv{X⁄\mb _mekq
cy, jn√o s_Ivkv F∂nhsc imkn°p
Ibpw ]escbpw A[ym]IhrØnbn¬
\n∂p XSbpIbpw sNbv Xp. Ahsc imco
cnIambn ]oUn∏n®ns√¶n¬ AXn\p Im
cWw Ah¿ aX\nct]£ P\m[n]Xy
cmjv{Sßfnse ]uc≥ambncp∂p F∂
XmWv . F¥n\v , Cu B[p\nI C≥Iznkn
js‚ ssIIƒ tIcfØnse ^m. sk
_mÃy≥ Im∏\n¬hsc FØnbncp∂p.
''(Hmim\ amknI, 2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 5).
tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma\ptijw s_\
UnIv Sv ]Xn\mdma≥ F∂ t]cn¬ am¿]m
∏bmb dm‰vknwK¿, tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m
as‚ \S]SnIsf ]q¿Wambpw ]n¥pW
®ncp∂ Hcp B⁄m\ph¿Ønbmbncp∂p. XpS
°Øn¬ ]ptcmKa\hmZnbmb ]ptcmlnX\mbn
cp∂p dm‰vknwK¿. IcpØ\mb ssZhimkv{X
Nn¥I≥ lm≥kvIpßns‚ kl{]h¿ØI\m
bn´mWv dm‰vknwK¿ tdmanseØnbXv.
]n∂oSv At±lw ]Sn]Snbmbn Db¿∂v hn
izmkn kwLØeh\pw tPm¨t]mƒ c≠mas‚
a\xkm£n kq£n∏pImc\pambnØo¿∂p. ln
‰vedpsS \mkn∏SbpsS Iuamc hn`mKØnse
AwKambncp∂p dm‰vknwK¿ sNdp∏Øn¬. 14˛mw
hbn¬ \mkn_mekJyØn¬ tN¿∂ At±
lw blqZ XS¶¬]mfbØn\p Np‰pw InSßp
Ipgn°p∂ tPmenbS°w ]e {]hrØnIfpw \m
kn  Iƒ°p  th≠n sNbv Xn  cp  ∂p. Ata  cn  °≥
ssk\yw P¿a\nbnte°v \oßnb t∏mgmWv dm
‰v knwK¿ \mkntkh\w Ahkm\n∏n®v skan
\mcnbn¬ tN¿∂p ]T\amcw`n®Xv. tdmanseØn,
tPm¨t]mƒ c≠mas‚ hnizkvXs\∂ ]Zhn
tbmfw hfcm≥ Ign™ dm‰vknwK¿°v ]m∏m]´
Øn¬ BZyw apX¬°pXs∂ {i≤bp≠mbncp
∂p. hØn°m\n≥ At±lw \o°nb Icp°ƒ
am¿]m∏m]´w e£yam°nbp≈h Xs∂bmbncp
∂p. am¿]m∏ ]Zhnbnte°v, X\n°ptijw dm
‰v knwKsd ImWp∂Xn¬ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma\pw
X¬]c\mbncp∂p. tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ms‚ \ne
]mSpIsf i‡ambn ]n¥pW®Xns‚ {]Xyp]
Imcsa∂ \nebn¬ dm‰vknwK¿°v am¿]m∏bm
Im\p≈ ]›mØew tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥X
s∂ Hcp°nsImSpØp. X\n°v am¿]m∏m ]´Øn
te°p≈ hgnsbmcp°nb tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma
t\mSp≈ \µn {]IS\w F∂ \nebnemWv , aq∂p
amkwt]mepw XnIbp∂Xn\p apºv At±lsØ
hnip≤\m°p∂Xn\p≈ \S]SnIƒ s_\UnISv
]Xn\mdma≥ Bcw`n®X.v ItØmen°m k`bp
sS hnip≤cpsS ]´nIbn¬ C{Xs]s´∂v hnip≤
]m∏bpw ]ptcm  ln  X≥am 
cpw Dƒs∏´ k`m LS\tbm 
Spw AXns‚ {]h¿Ø\ß
tfmSpw hnizmknIƒ°nSbn
¬ cq£ amb shdp∏pw hn 
tbm Pn∏pw \ne \n¬°p ∂p 
≠v F∂Xv hkvXpXbmWv.
k`m kwhn[m\tØmSv G‰p
ap´n ]cmPbaS™hsc hn
izm  k  Øn  \p  th≠n kacw
sNbv X  h  cmbn ImWp  ∂  h 
cp sS kwJy  h¿[ n ®p sIm 
≠n cn ° bm Wv.
2013 G{]n¬ 31
]Zhn \¬s∏´ as‰mcp hy‡nbpw C√.
Xs‚ hf¿®°v Imc  W  °m  c  \mb
tPm¨t]mƒ c≠mat\mSp≈ \µnbmWv
dm‰vknwK¿ F∂ s_\UnIvSv ]Xn\m
dma≥ tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥ AXnthKw
hnip≤]Zhn \¬Ip∂XneqsS {]ISn∏n
®  Xv . tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m  a  \n¬\n  ∂v
dm‰v knwK  dn  te°v am¿]m∏m ÿm\w
ssIam‰w sNøs∏´Xns‚ \mƒhgnIƒ
hniZoIcn®psIm≠v ]pen°pt∂¬ Fgp
Xp∂p: ""tPm¨t]mƒ c≠mas‚ `cW
ImesØ Ahkm\sØ 10 sIm√°mew
At±lw tcmKnbmbncp∂p. am¿]m∏bpsS
tcmKw Hcp Znhyclkyambn´mbncp∂p
hØn°m\nse _p≤nPohnIƒ AhX
cn   ∏n   ®n   cp   ∂  Xv . At±  l  Øn \v
]m¿°n≥k¨kv tcmKamWp≠mbncp
∂Xv F∂v {]Xy£Øn¬Xs∂ km[m
c  W  °m¿°v a\  n  em  °m  am  bn  cp  ∂p.
]t£, AXv At±lØns‚ am\knI
\nesb F{Xam{Xw _m[n®ncp∂p F∂v
sSen hn j \n eqsS am{Xw At± lsØ
I≠ncp∂ P\߃°v \n¿Wbn°m\m
Ipambncp∂n√.''
""Cu ImeL´Øn¬ hØn°m\nse
`cWw ]q¿Wambpw I¿Zn\mƒ dm‰v knwK
dpsS Iønembncp∂p. tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m
as‚ acWtijw am¿]m∏sb Xncs™
Spt°≠ I¿Zn\mf≥amsc \ma\n¿tZiw
sNøp∂XnXv \n¿WmbIamb kzm[o\w
sNepØnbncp∂Xpw I¿Zn\mƒ dm‰v knwK
dmbncp∂p. ASpØ ]m∏mÿm\w kz¥
am°m≥ I¿Zn\mƒ dm‰v knwK¿ F√m Icp
°fpw hnZKv[ambn \o°n.''
""tPm¨t]mƒ c≠ma≥, c≠mw hØn
°m≥ Iu¨knens‚ k`mZ¿i\ßsf
]nt∂m´Sn°p∂Xn\p \SØnb F√m
\o°  ߃°pw ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn  ®n 
cp∂ dm‰vknwKdpsS ]m∏m ÿm\mtcm
l  W  Øn\v klm  bn® tPm¨t]mƒ
c≠ma\v D]Imckv acWbmbn \¬Ip∂
hnip≤ ssI°qenbmbn´pthWw At±
lsØ hnip≤\m°m\p≈ Cu ASnb
¥nc \o°sØ ImWm≥'' (Hmim\ am
knI, 2005 Pq¨, t]Pv 9).
am¿]m∏m ]Zhn hnip  ≤  amb Hcp
ÿm\ambn hnizmknIƒ IcpXp∂psh
¶n epw, B ]Z hn bn¬ FØp ∂ hcpw
FØn b hcpw k© cn °p∂ ]mX Iƒ
A{X hnip≤ambncp∂n´n√ F∂ kXy
Øn\v k`m Ncn{XØn¬ FºmSpw sXfn
hpIfp≠v. D]Pm]ßfpsSbpw KqVX{¥ßfp
sSbpw klmbtØmsS ]m∏m ]ZhnbnseØnb
hcpsS ]´nI \o≠XmWv. Hcp am¿]m∏ ÿm\
ta¬°ptºmƒ Xs∂ ASpØ am¿]m∏bmIm
\p≈ a’c߃ Bcw`n°pIbmbn. I¿Zn\m
f≥am¿°nSbn¬ D]Pm]ßfpw Ip{]NcWßfpw
\SØn ASpØ ]m∏m]´w Dd∏n°p∂Xn\p≈
\S]SnIƒ°v t\XrXzw \¬In hnPbn°phm≥
Ignbp∂h¿ ASpØ ]m∏amcmbn Xncs™Sp
°s∏Sp∂p!
]pXnb ]m∏bvs°Xncnepw Btcm]W߃
]p Xp Xm bn  sX c s™ Sp ° s∏ ´  s_¿ tKm fn 
tbm F∂ {^m≥knkv am¿]m∏sb _kn¬ bm
{X sN øp ∂,  kz ¥w  h kv {Xw  A e °p ∂,  ` £ 
Ww ]mNIwsNøp∂ emfnXyØns‚ \ndIpSam
b ]m∏ F∂v am[ya߃ hmgv ØnbXv \mw I
≠p. tlm´¬ _n√S°m≥ Iyq \n¬°p∂ t^m
t´mbpw Nne ]{X߃ {]kn≤oIcn®p. ]m∏am
cpw I¿Zn\mƒamcpw _nj∏pamcpsams° kpJ
temep]Xbn¬ cmPIob PohnXw \bn°p∂h
cmbXpsIm≠mWt√m AXn¬\n∂pw hyXykv X
\mb {^m≥knkv am¿]m∏ emfnXyØns‚ Bƒ
cq ] am bn  hn ti jn ∏n ° s∏ ´ Xv.  "Im en sØm gp 
Øn¬ ]nd∂' ]mhs∏´h\pw ]mhßfpsS tXm
g \pamb  tb iphns‚ IY ] d bp∂  ss_ _nfn
s‚ A\pbmbnIƒ°v XßfpsS A`n\h CSb
∑m cn ¬  A¬ ]w  em fn  Xyw  {] I Sn ∏n °p ∂ bm sf 
ImWptºmƒ hnkv abw tXm∂p∂Xns≥d A¿
Yw hniZoIcnt°≠Xn√t√m. ]m∏bmbn sXc
s™Sp°s∏´ tijw BZyambn \SØnb hm¿
ØmktΩf\Øn¬ At±lw ]d™p: ""]mhs∏
´h¿°pth≠n \nesIm≈p∂ ]mhs∏´ k`bm
bn ItØmen°m k` amdWw'' (amXr`qan Zn\∏
{Xw, 2013 am¿®v 17, t] Pv 5).
kzbw ]mhambn amdpIbpw k`sb ]mhß
fpsS k`bm°n am‰emWv Xs‚ e£ysa∂v {]
Jym]n°pIbpw sNøp∂]m∏s°Xncn¬ XpS°
"Im en sØm gp Øn¬  ]n d ∂' 
]mhs∏´h\pw ]mhßfpsS
tXmg\pamb tbiphns‚ I
Y  ] d bp ∂  ss_ _n fn s‚ 
A \p bm bn Iƒ °v  X ß fp 
sS A`n\h CSb∑mcn¬ A 
¬]w em  fn   Xy w  {]ISn∏n°p
∂bmsf ImWptºmƒ hnkv
a bw  tXm ∂p ∂ Xn s≥ d  A
¿  Yw hn  i  Zo  I  cn  t°  ≠  Xn 
√ t√m.
2013 G{]n¬ 32
Ønte Btcm]Wßfpbcm≥ XpSßn
bn´p≠v F∂Xv {it≤bmWv.
A¿P‚o\bnse ssk\nI `cWIm
esØ a\pjymhImi ewL\߃s°
Xnsc {^m≥knkv ]m∏  {] XnIcn®n√,
1976¬  ssk \y Øn s≥ d  ]n Sn bn em b    c 
≠p ]ptcmlnXsc c£n°m≥ {ian®n
√,  ssk \n I  ` c W Im e Øv   Im Wm Xm 
Ip∂ Ip´nIsf Is≠Øp∂Xn\mbn (a
\pjymhImiewL\Øn\ncbmbhsc
kwc£n°m≥) \S]Snsbm∂pw kzoIcn
®n√ Fs∂√mamWv Btcm]W߃. (am
[y aw  Zn \ ∏ {Xw 2013 am¿ ®v  17,  t] Pv  9). 
hnizmknIfpsS shdp∏v
]m∏bpw ]ptcmlnX≥amcpw Dƒs∏´
k`mLS\tbmSpw AXns‚ {]h¿Ø\
ßtfmSpw hnizmknIƒ°nSbn¬ cq£
amb shdp∏pw hntbmPn∏pw \ne\n¬°p
∂p≠v F∂Xv   hkv Xp  X  b  m  Wv . k`m
kwhn[m\tØmSv G‰pap´n ]cmPbaS
™hsc hnizmkØn\pth≠n kacw
sNbvXhcmbn ImWp∂ hcpsS kwJy 
h¿[  n  ®p  sIm  ≠n  cn  °  bm  Wv . {Inkv Xp
hn`mh\w sNbvX ss{IkvXhnIX°pw
hnizmknIfpsS Iq´mbva°psaXncmWv
k`bpsSbpw ]ptcmlnXyØns‚bpw \o
°ßƒ F∂v hnizkn°pIbpw ]dbp
Ibpw sNøp∂h¿°nSbn¬ k`bpsS hn
izmk]camb \hoIcWØn\pw `uXn
ILS\bn¬ \n∂p≈ kzmX{¥yØn\pw
th≠nbp≈ Zmlw i‡ambn°gn™n
cn°p∂p. Cu ZmlØns‚ {]IS\߃
hnhn[ thZnIfnepw {]kn≤oIcWß
fnepw ImWmw. hnizmknIƒ°v k` B
hiyans√∂pw, ]utcmlnXy LS\°p
]cnbmb kzmX{¥yamWv ss{IkvXhnI
XbpsS Xm¬]cysa∂pw hnizkn°p∂ Hcp ss{I
kvXh hnizmknbpsS Nn¥mKXn C{]ImcamWv:
""{InkvXp kz]v \w I≠ Hcp PohnXØn\p
hncp≤ambn {]h¿Øn°p∂ ss{IkvXh k`
tbmSp G‰pap´n hnPbn°phm≥ IgnbmØ thZ\
hfsc Xo{hambn A\p`hn°p∂hcpsS ]£
Øp\n∂psIm≠v icnbmb _ZepIƒ cq]s∏
SpØphm≥ \ap°v IgnbmØsX¥psIm≠mWv?
k`mt\XrXztØmSpw cmjv{Sobm`mkßtfmSpw
kacw sNøm\ndßnØncn®v \ΩpsSsbms° t\
XrXzw ]cmPbs∏Sp∂Xv FhnsSbmWv?'' (Hmd
amknI, 2000 Unkw_¿, t]Pv 41˛¬ tPmWn Ip
ºfw FgpXnb {]XnIcWØn¬\n∂v).
hnizmknIfpsS ]£Øp\n∂p≈ k`mhncp
≤amb Nn¥mKXnIfpsS as‰mcp DZmlcWw C{]
ImcamWv: ""hØn°m\n¬ \n∂v am¿]m∏tbm hn
izmkn kwLØeh≥ dm‰vknwKtdm F¥p {]
Jym]n®mepw hnizmknIƒ A\pkcn®psIm≈pw
F∂ [mcW XncpØpI Xs∂thWw. bqtdm∏n
se am{Xa√, temIØnse√mbnSØpw, Cßp
tIcfØnepw ÿnXn CXpXs∂. hnizmknIfmb
Ip™mSpIƒ F¥pw tI´p sIm≈pw F∂ k`m
[nImcnIfpsS [m¿jvSyw \nd™ [mcW Cu
tIcfØn¬Xs∂ XncpØnbXns‚ F{Xtbm DZm
lcW߃ \ncØm≥ Ignbpw. Cu "Ip™mSp
Iƒ' hnfnXs∂ \ndpØWw. Cu kXyw ]dbp
∂hsc k`mhntcm[nIfmbn Nn{XoIcn°p∂ Hcp
{]hWX tIcfØn¬ k`m[nImcnIƒ hf¿Øn
sbSp°p∂p≠v. AXpsIm≠v bmsXmcp {]tbm
P\hpw D≠mIm≥ t]mIp∂n√. kz¿KØns‚
Xmt°m¬ XßfpsS ssIIfnemWv F∂ apjv
°mWv k`m[nImcnIsf CXn\p t{]cn∏n°p∂
Xv. adn®v, tbiphns‚ {]t_m[\a\pkcn®v Po
hn°emWv kz¿Kw {]m]n°phm≥ G‰hpw \√
am¿Ksa∂ Xncn®dnhv A¬amb¿°p≠mbncn°p
∂p F∂XmWv bmYm¿Yyw. Xnancw _m[n® k`m
[n Im cn Iƒ°v  CXp a\ n em °m≥ Ign hn √.
]Icw Ah¿ hne]n°p∂p; hnizmknIƒ°p
hnizmkw Ipd™ncn°p∂p F∂v. am{Xa√ k`m
[nImcnIƒ {]kwKn°p∂Xv H∂v, {]h¿Øn°p
∂Xv as‰m∂v .'' (Hmd amknI, 2001 s^{_phcn, t]
Pv 13˛¬ Sn.hn tPmk^v FgpXnb Ipdn∏n¬\n∂v)
am¿]m∏bn¬ \n∂pw Bcw`n°p∂ k`bpsS
A[nImcLS\tbmSpw ]utcmlnXytØmSpap≈
hntbmPn∏v B[p\nI ImeL´Øn¬ Nne ss{I
kv Xh¿°nSbn¬ AXni‡amb Hcp hnImcambn
hf¿∂p Ign™ncn°p∂p. ]pXnb am¿]m∏t°m,
]ptcmlnXcnse ⁄m\nIfpw X{¥imenIfpam
b hy‡nXz߃t°m hnizmknIfpsS hntbm
Pn∏pIsf I≠ns√∂p \Sn®v apt∂m´pt]mIm≥
A[nIImew km[n°pIbn√.
]ptcm ln X cpsS hnhm lw,
{InkvXy≥ {]m¿Y\IfpsS
LS\, IpSpw_ kwhn [m \
Øns‚ kz`m hw, CX c  a X 
kaq  l  ß  fp  am  bp≈ _ 
‘w F∂nXymZn hnjbßfn
se√mw tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m a 
≥ ]n¥pS¿∂Xv ]Xn \mdmw
\q  ‰m  ≠n\p apºsØ am  ¿ 
]m ∏ am cpsS \ne ]m Sp Iƒ
Xs∂ bm bn cp ∂p.
2013 G{]n¬ 33
tUm: ]n. sI. A_vZpdkm°v kp√an

F¥mWv Dd°w˛ t_m[afiew Xm¬°menIambn Hm^v sNøp∂p. ]t©
{µnbßfpsS {]h¿Ø\hpw Xm¬°menIambn \ne°p∂p. ImgvN, tIƒhn,
aWw, cpNn, kv]¿i\w XpSßnbh {]h¿Ø\w \S°p∂n√. DZmlcWambn
i _vZ X cw K ßƒ Cb¿{U Ωn¬ X´n bmepw I¨t]mf s]m°n hkvXp ° fpsS
{]Xn_nw_߃ sd´n\bn¬ X´n®mepw ImWpItbm tIƒ°pItbm C√. ImcWw
ZriysØ \nb{¥n°p∂ hnjz¬ tIm¿s´Iv kpw tIƒhnsb \nb{¥n°p∂ HmUn
‰dn tIm¿s´Ivkpw Hm^v sNøs∏´ AhÿbnemWv. Xet®mdnse Nn¥sb
\nb{¥n°p∂ \yqtdm¨ sk√pIfpw kPohmhÿbne√. ]s£ icocØnse
lrZbw, izmktImiw XpSßnbhsb√mw \ne°msX {]h¿Øn°p∂p. Iºyq
´¿ Hm^m°nbmepw kabhpw XnøXnbpw {]h¿Øn∏n°p∂ _m‰dn {]h¿Øn
®psImt≠bncn°pw. AXv t]mse DWßnb ap¥ncn t]mep≈ Xet®mdnse
sslt]mXemakv F∂ `mKamWv a\pjy\v _m‰dn t]mse {]h¿Øn°p∂Xv.
a\pjy≥ P\n®Xv apX¬ acWw hsc {]h¿Øn®psImt≠bncn°p∂ Ahbh
amWXv.
imkv{Xw Is≠ØmØ imkv{X kqN\Iƒ Izp¿B\n¬\n∂v: 3
Dd°hpw acWhpw
2013 G{]n¬ 34
k¿∆hn⁄m\ tImiw Dd°sØ
∏‰n hnhcn°p∂Xv C{]ImcamWv. \n{Zm
hÿbn¬ c‡kΩ¿Zw, lrZbkv]µ
\w, c‡  Øn  ep  ≠m  hp∂ am‰  ߃,
akvXnjvIØnse sshZypXXcwKßfn
ep≠mhp∂ (EEG)hyXnbm\߃, F∂n
hbpsS Dd°Øns‚ Bghpw ]T\hn
t[bam°nbXns‚ ^eambn DcpØncn
™ph∂n´p≈ Imcy߃ ChbmWv. 1)
Dd°Øn¬ lrZbanSn∏v, c‡kΩ¿Zw,
izmtkm  —m  k  Øns‚ Bgw, \nc°v
F∂nh Ipdbp∂p. 2) eLp\n{Zbn¬ a
kv Xnjv IØnse hnZyp—‡n XcwKØn¬
Imcyamb am‰sam∂pw ImWmdn√. F∂m
¬ Dd°Øn\v Bgw IqSp∂tXmsS h
enb thmƒ´p≈ EEG Xcw K ßƒ Zriy 
amhp∂p. 3) hnhn[ Ahbhßfnse c
‡Øns‚ Afhnepw kmcamb am‰ßƒ
ImWp∂p. Dd°Øns‚ \nZm\sØ°p
dn®v ]e kn≤m¥ßfpw BhnjvIcn°
s∏´n´p≠v.
193˛¬ ]nt‰m¨ F∂ KthjI≥ H
cp Ipcßns\ Ipsd kabw Ddßm≥
k Ω Xn °m Xn cn °p Ibpw ]n∂oSv A Xn 
s‚ skdnt{_m kvss]\¬ {ZmhIsaSp
Øv as‰mcp Ipcßn¬ IpØnsh°pIbpw
sNbv Xt∏mƒ c≠masØ Ipcßv Ddßn.
ln]v t\mtSmIv kn≥ F∂ cmkhkv Xphm
Wv Dd°Øn\v ImcWsa∂pw, AX√
]n‰yq´dn {KŸnbpsS {kmhamb t{_mw
tlm¿tam¨ BsW∂pw imkv {X⁄≥
am¿°v A`n{]mb߃ D≠v. F∂m¬ C
sX √mw \nK a \ ß fm Wv. Jfin X amb
imkv{XkXyßf√.
Dd  °n  s\  ∏‰n imkv {XtemIØv
]T\߃ \S∂n´ps≠¶nepw C\nbpw
F{Xtbm hnhc߃ Adnbm\ncn°p∂p.
Izp¿B≥ Dd°sØ∏‰n A¤pXIcamb
Hcp hnhcw \¬Ip∂p.
""BflmhpIsf AhbpsS acWth
fbn¬ A√mlp ]q¿Wambn Gs‰Sp°p
∂p. ac W s∏ Sm Ø hsb Ah bpsS Dd 
°Ønepw (Gs‰Sp°p∂p) F∂n´v G
sXms° Bflmhn\v acWw hn[n®ncn
°p∂pthm Ahsb Ah≥ ]nSn®psh
°p∂p. a‰p≈hsb Hcp \n›nX Ah[n
hsc Ah≥ hn´b°pIbpw sNøp∂p.
Xo¿®bmbpw Nn¥n°p∂ P\߃°v A
Xn¬ ZrjvSm¥ßfp≠v'' (39:42)
Ddßm≥ InS°ptºmgp≈ {]m¿Y\
XpSßp∂Xv C{]ImcamWv ""A√mlpsh
Fs‚ Bflmhns\ \n∂nte°v G¬]n
°p ∂p.'' Dd ° Øn¬\n∂v DW cp tºm 
gp≈ {]m¿Y \ bpsS XpS°w C{] Im c 
amWv. ""Rßsf acn∏n®Xn\v tijw Po
hn ∏n® A√m lp hn ∂mWv k¿∆ kvXp 
Xnbpw''
CXn¬\ns∂√mw a\nemIp∂ Hcp
hkvXpX CXmWv. Dd°kabØv C∂v
hscbpw imkv{Xw a\nem°nbn´n√m
Ø Hcp ssNX\yw icocØn¬\n∂v ]n
Sn  s®  Sp  °  s∏  Sp  ∂p  ≠v . DW  cp  tºmƒ
AXns\ icocØnte°v Xncn®b°s∏
Sp∂p. C\nbpw imkv{X]T\w ]ptcmK
an°ptºmƒ IqSpX¬ hnhc߃ Adn
bpsa∂v {]Xo£n°mw.
{]IrXn a\pjy¿°v th≠n
a\pjy≥ {]IrXnbpambp≈ _‘
sØ°pdn®p≈ ]T\amWv am\hnI ]cn
ÿnXn imkv{Xw (Human Ecology) `u 
XnI ho£WØnep≈ am\hnI ]cn
ÿnXn imkv{X ho£Wa\pkcn®v a\p
jy≥ {]IrXnsbbpw P¥ptemIsØbpw
Iogv s]SpØn kuIcys∏SpØn Pohn°p
∂p F¶nepw a\pjy¿°v th≠nbmWv
`qanbnep≈ F√mØnt\bpw krjv Sn®Xv
F∂v ]dbm≥ ]‰pIbn√ F∂pamWv A
`n{]mbw. F∂m¬ CkvemanI am\hnI
]cnÿnXn imkv {Xw (Islamic view of Hu-
man Ecology) Cu A`n{]mbtØmSv tbm
Pn°p∂n√. Izp¿B≥ ]dbp∂p ""Ah
\mWv \n߃°pth≠n `qanbnep≈sX
√mw krjvSn®pX∂Xv'' (2:29)
Cu, c≠v ho£Wßfn¬ Ckveman
I ]cnÿnXnimkv{XamWv icn F∂v a
\nem°mw. 1950 Ifn¬ ssN\bn¬ am
thm sk XpwKv `cn°p∂ Imew ]mSß
Iºyq´¿ Hm^m°nbmepw ka
bhpw Xnø  Xnbpw {]h¿Øn  ∏n 
°p ∂ _m‰dn {]h¿Øn ®p sIm 
t≠ bn cn °pw. AXv t]mse DW 
ßnb ap¥ncn t]mep≈ Xe t®m 
dnse sslt]mXemakv F∂ `mK
amWv a\pjy\v _m‰dn t]mse {]
h¿Øn°p∂Xv. a\pjy≥ P\n®
Xv apX¬ acWw hsc {]h¿Øn 
®p sIm t≠ bn cn °p∂ Ah b h 
amWXv.
2013 G{]n¬ 35
fn¬ InfnIƒ s]cpIp∂Xv sIm≠v [m\y
hnØpIƒ Xn∂v \in∏n°pIbmWv F
∂pw AXn\m¬ InfnIsf D≥aqe\w sN
bv Xm¬ am{Xsa ssN\ bn¬ Im¿jnI
hnπhw km[yamIp F∂pw k¿°m¿ {]
Jym]n®p. InfnIsf D≥aqe\w sNøm≥
]≤Xn Xømdm°n. Hmtcm ZnhkØnepw
Hmtcm hnZym¿YnIfpw Hmtcm InfnIsf
sb¶nepw sIm√pI. Infn°qSpIƒ XI
¿°pI. InfnIsf FbvXpsIm√m≥ Ih
WIƒ hnXcWw sNøs∏´p. GXm\pw
amk߃sIm≠v InfnIƒ C√msXbmbn.
h≥tXmXn¬ Im¿jnI apt∂‰w {]Xo
£n® ssN\ Irjn\miØnte°v \o
ßn. At∏mgmWv ssN\okv Kh¨sa‚v
]T\w \SØnbXv. InfnIƒ Irjnÿ
eßfn¬ ]d∂ndßp∂Xv IoSßsf Xn∂v
\in∏n°m\mWv hnØpIƒ Xn∂m\√
F∂Xv. ]s£, t_m[ys∏´t∏mtg°pw
sshInt∏mbncp∂p.
a\pjy¿°v th≠nbmWv `qanbnse
F√m‰nt\bpw krjvSn®Xv F∂ ssZhn
Iktµiw AhKWn® IayqWnÃv k¿
°m¿ ho≠pw InfnIsf \m´n¬ sIm≠p
h∂v ]mSßfnte°v hnSm\p≈ Nn¥bn
embncp∂p. ]s£ AX{X Ffp∏a√.
h¿jßtfmfw AhcpsS sNbvXnIfpsS
^ew Ah¿ A\p`hn®p. hºn® ]´n
Wnbn¬ ssN\ s]mdpXnap´n.
A√mlp ]d™Xv F{X kXyw!
""a\pjycpsS ssIIƒ {]h¿Øn®Xv
\n anØw Ic bnepw IS enepw Ipg∏w
shfns∏´ncn°p∂p. Ah¿ {]h¿Øn®
Xn¬ NneXns‚ ^ew Ah¿°v Bkz
{]IrXnbn¬ C√mXmbm¬ a‰v PohnIƒ
`qan  bn¬ h¿[n  °p  I  bmWv th≠  Xv .
F¶n¬ AXv icnbmtWm F∂v ]cntim
[n°mw.
DZmlcWambn a\pjy¿ C√mXmbm
¬ a\pjy¿ BSpIsf Adp°pIbn√.
AXn\m¬ BSpIƒ s]cpIptam? icn
bmWv BZyØn¬ BSpIƒ s]cpIpw.
F∂m¬ BSpIsf kwc£n°m≥ a\p
jy¿ C√mØXn\m¬ ]penbpw sN∂m
bbpw knwl  hp  sa√mw \m´n¬ hn  e 
kpw˛BSpIsf Xn∂v \in∏n°pw. am{X
a√ BSpIƒ°v `£Ww sImSp°m≥
a\pjy¿ C√mØXn\m¬ BSpIƒ°v
FØn∏nSn°mhp∂ DbcØnep≈ F√m
acßfpw Xn∂v Xocpw. apIfn¬ ]d™
c  ≠p  co  Xn  bnepw BSp  IfpsS hwiw \ 
in  °pw.
\ntXy\ temIØv iXtImSn°W
°n\v a’yßsf a\pjy¿ ]nSn®psIm
≠ncn°p∂p. a\pjy¿ Cs√¶n¬ ISen
¬ a’y߃ s]cpIn s]cpIn \o¥m≥
ÿew In´msX, `£Ww In´msX, Hm
Iv knP≥ th≠{X In´msX a’yßfpsS
]cnÿnXn k¥penXmhÿ sX‰pIbpw
h¿K\miw kw`hn°pIbpw sNøpw. ]
s£ a\pjy{]h¿Ø\߃ AanXambn
{]IrXnsb \in∏n°m\pw ]mSn√ F∂v
A√mlp ]dbp∂p. ""BImisØ Ah
≥ Db¿ØpIbpw (]cnÿnXn) k¥pe
\w Ah¿ ÿm]n°pIbpw sNbvXncn
°p∂p. \n߃ Xpe\Øn¬ {Iat°Sv
hcpØmXncn°m≥ th≠n.'' (55:7˛8)
a\pjy¿°v th≠n Hcp°nb `qansb
aq∂v h¿jw Irjn sNømsX
H cp \new Xcn im °n bn ´m¬ A 
hn sS tIdn Irjn sNøp ∂ h¿°v
B `qan ]Xn®v \¬Ipsa∂v 1400
h¿j  ߃°v apºv `q]  cn  jv I 
cW {]Jym ]\w \S Ønb c≠mw
Jeo^ Da¿ hns‚ DØ c thm 
Sp  Iq  Sn cmjv {Sw `£y  cw  KØv
kzbw]cym]vXnbnte°v FØm≥
A[n I Imew th≠n h ∂n √.
Zn∏n°m≥ th≠nbs{X AXv. Ah¿ Hcp
thf aSßntb°mw'' (30:41)
B{^n°bnse Nne cmPyßfn¬ Dcp
f°ngßv Dƒs∏sSbp≈ IrjnIƒ \in
∏n°p∂p F∂ ImcWØm¬ lns∏m
s∏m´makpIsf sIms∂mSp°m≥ Xocp
am\n®p. h≥tXmXn¬ sIms∂mSp°s∏
´t∏mƒ P\߃°nSbn¬   a™  ∏n  Ø  w
_m[n°m≥ XpSßn. IΩojs\ \ntbm
Kn®v ]T\w \SØnbt∏mgmWv, a™∏n
Ø  Øn\v ImcWw {]Xn  tcm[tijn \ 
jv   S  s∏  ´  Xm  sW∂pw AXn\v ImcWw
Xntem∏n a’y߃ \in®pt]mbXmWv
F∂pw lns∏ms∏m´makns‚ NmWIw
C√mØXpsIm≠v Imbense ]mb¬s®
Sn  Iƒ \in  ®  Xp  sIm  ≠mWv Xntem∏n
a’y߃°v AXn\p≈n¬ hfcm≥ Ign
bmsX \in®Xv F∂pw At\zjI¿°v
a\nembXv. ]ip°fn¬\n∂v ]m¬ In
´p∂Xv t]mse t\cnt´m ta¬]d™ cq]
Øn¬ Ipsd IÆnIƒ°v tijtam Bbn
cn°mw a\p jy¿°v a‰v Poh Pm e ßsf
_‘s∏SpØnbXv F∂ bmYm¿Yyw Izp
¿B≥ ]dbp∂p: ""BImißfnepw `qan
bnep≈Xpw \n߃°v A√mlp A[o 
\s∏SpØnØ∂ncn°p∂p F∂Xpw {]
Xy£hpw ]tcm£hpambn Ahs‚ A
\p{Kl߃ \n߃°v \ndth‰nØcn
Ibpw sNbvXncn°p∂psh∂pw \n߃
I≠nt√?''(31:20)
a\pjy≥ {]IrXnbn¬ ta[mhnXzap
≈ PohnbmbXn\m¬ Ah¿ a‰p≈hsc
Io gvs] SpØn Pohn °p∂p F∂ `u Xn 
I ho£ W amWv icn sb ¶n¬ a\p jy¿
2013 G{]n¬ 36
A{Ia]cambn \in∏n°p∂ a\pjy¿
AXns‚ ZpcnXw A\p`hn®psIm≠ncn
°p∂p. 1500 tImSn S¨ Im¿_¨ ssU
HmIvsskUv Hmtcm h¿jØnepw `qan
bn¬ D¬]mZn∏n°p∂p. tamt´m¿hml\
ßfpsS F©n\pIƒ, ^mIvSdnIƒ XpS
ßnbh s]cpInbXmWv ImcWw. AXn¬
1000 tImSn S¨ ip≤oIcn°p∂p. 500
tImSn S¨ an®w hcp∂p. AXn\m¬ hm
bp  hn¬ NqSv h¿[n °p ∂p. AXmWv B 
tKmf Xm]\w (Global warming)
Ign™ 4000 h¿jØn¬˛AYhm C
{_mlnw \_nbpsS Imew apX¬°p≈
G‰hpw henb NqSmWv Cu h¿jw B
tKmfXeØn¬ A\p`hs∏Sp∂Xv F
∂mWv \yqtbm¿°n¬ k¿∆Iemimem
XeØn¬ \S∂ Hcp `uaimkv {X ]T\w
]pdØphn´ IW°v.
A‚m¿´n°bnsebpw lnamebw t]m
ep≈ ]¿∆Xßfnse a™v AXnthK
X bn¬ Dcp In s°m ≠n cn °p I bm Wv. C 
ßs\ \o≠pt]mbm¬ temIØnse I
S¬hnXm\w DbcpIbpw an° Zzo]pIfpw
IS¬Øoc \K cßfpw {ItaW sh≈ 
ØnemhpIbpw sNøpsa∂ ImcyØn¬
kwiban√.
]cnÿnXn kwcw£Ww ˛{]hmNI \n
¿tZi߃
apAv Ø bp≤Ønte°v ssk\ysØ
]d™b°ptºmƒ \nc]cm[nIsf sIm
√  cp  sX∂pw hr£  ߃ \in  ∏n  °  cp 
sX∂pw {]hmNI≥ Ahsc D]tZin®p.
Izp¿B≥ 7:56epw 85epw `qanbpsS ip≤n
\in∏n°cpsX∂v a\pjytcmSv I¬]n®
Xv Iem]ap≠m°cpsX∂v am{Xa√ `qan
bpsS {]IrXn XI¿°cpsX∂v IqSnbm
Wv. A\mhiyambn Hcp ]£nsb sIm
∂m¬ "\mYm Cu a\pjy≥ A\mhiy
ambn Fs∂ sIm∂p; Fs∂ `£n®n√'
F∂v B ]£n A√mlpthmSv ]cmXn
]dbpsa∂v lZoYn¬ ImWmw.
Bsc¶nepw ac߃ \´m¬ AXn¬
\n∂v a\pjycpw ]£nIfpw ]g߃ `
£n°p∂Xn\pw XW¬ A\p`hn°p∂
Xn\psa√mw AXv \´h\v A√mlphn¬
\n∂v {]Xn^ew e`n°pw. CkvemanI
ho£ W Øn¬ `qan a\p jy t‚ X √. A 
√mlphnt‚XmWv. `qan \ap°v \ymbam
bn A\p`hn°m≥ X∂XmWv. `qanbn¬
\ymbambn D]tbmKn°m≥ G¬]n°s∏
´ ssIImcyI¿Øm°ƒ am{XamWv `qan
bnse a\pjy¿. DSaIf√.
aq∂v h¿jw Irjn sNømsX Hcp
\new Xcnim°nbn´m¬ AhnsS tIdn
Irjn sNøp∂h¿°v B `qan ]Xn®v \
¬ Ip sa∂v 1400 h¿j ßƒ°v apºv `q] 
cnjvIcW {]Jym]\w \SØnb c≠mw
Jeo^ Da¿ hns‚ DØcthmSpIqSn
cmjv {Sw `£ycwKØv kzbw]cym]v Xnbn
te°v FØm≥ A[nIImew th≠nh
∂n√.
`qansb \√\nebn¬ ]cn]men®v A
Xn¬\n∂v \ymbamb cq]Øn¬ `£y
hn`h߃ D¬∏mZn∏n°m≥ Hcpßnbm¬
temIØn¬ F{XtImSn P\߃ s]cp
Inbmepw P\kwJy hnkvt^mS\sØ
`  b  s∏  tS  ≠  Xn  s√∂pw F√m  h¿°p  ap 
≈ `£Ww `qanbn¬ Xs∂ D≠mhpsa
Ckv em  an I ho£  W  Øn  
\p≈ am\  hn I ]cn   ÿn Xn
imkv {X  amWv {]]  ©  Øn se
kXyw F∂ hnhcw Adn bm ØXv
sIm≠mWv temIw P\  kwJym
h¿[  \  hn s\ `b  s∏  Sp  ∂  Xv .
ssN\bpw C¥y bpw P\  kw 
Jysb `bs∏Sptºmƒ tkmhnb‰v
bqWn  b≥ k¿°m¿ \ne  \n  ∂n 
cp∂ ImeØv Ggv a°  fp≈
IpSpw_ \m Y\v Hcp Im¿ \¬In
t{]m’m ln ∏n °p I bm bn cp ∂p.
∂pw `qanbpsS DSaÿ\mb A√mlp ]
dbp∂p.
""AXn¬ `qanbn¬ Ah≥ AXns‚
D]cn`mKØv Dd®v \n¬°p∂ ]¿∆X
߃ ÿm]n°pIbpw AXn¬ A`nhr
≤nbp≠m°pIbpw AXnse Blmcß
ƒ Bhiys∏Sp∂h¿°v (tXSn∏nSn°p
∂  h¿°v ) icn  bmb A\p  ]m  X  Øn¬
hyhÿs∏SpØnsh°pIbpw sNbv Xncn
°p∂p.''
CkvemanI ho£WØn\p≈ am\
hnI ]cnÿnXn imkv{XamWv {]]©
Ønse kXyw F∂ hnhcw AdnbmØ
Xv sIm≠mWv temIw P\kwJym h¿[
\hns\ `bs∏Sp∂Xv. ssN\bpw C¥y
bpw P\kwJysb `bs∏Sptºmƒ tkm
hnb‰v bqWnb≥ k¿°m¿ \ne\n∂ncp∂
ImeØv Ggv a°fp≈ IpSpw_\mY\v
Hcp Im¿ \¬In t{]m’mln∏n°pIbm
bncp∂p.
`t£ymXv]mZ\w 2+2=4, 4+4=8, 8+8=16
F∂ tXmXnepw P\kwJy 2X2=4, 4X4=16
F∂ KpWnX cq]ØnepamWv s]cpIp
∂Xv, AXn\m¬ P\kwJy \nb{¥n®n
s√¶n¬ a\pjy¿ ]´nWnbnemhpw F∂
kn≤m¥w XnI™ Adnhn√mbv abpw hn
Uv VnØhpamWv . s]m≥ap´bnSp∂ Xmdm
hns\ AdpØ hnUvVnsb t]mse \mw
Hcn°epamhcpXv.
2013 G{]n¬ 37
IqSn°mgvN
P\ß fpsS AwKo Imcw B{K ln°p∂ kmln  Xy  Im 
c≥amscbpw IemImc≥amscbpw t]msetbm, AhcpsS
thm´n\pth≠n ImØncn°p∂ cmjv{Sob°msct∏msetbm
BWv ssZhsØ tNmZyI¿Ømhv IW°m°nbsX∂v tXm
∂p∂p. ""\ns‚ c£nXmhv Xm≥ Dt±in°p∂Xv krjvSn°p
Ibpw (C  jv S  ap  ≈  Xv ) sXc  s™  Sp  °p  Ibpw sNøp  ∂p.
Ah¿°v sXc  s™  Sp  °m  ≥ A¿l  X  bn  √. A√mlp
F{Xtbm ]cnip≤\pw Ah¿ ]¶v tN¿°p∂Xns\√mw AXo
X\pw Bbncn°p∂p'' (Izp¿B≥ 28:68)
bp≤w \S∂mepw Cs√¶nepw a\pjyscsb√mw AhcpsS
Ah[nsbØptºmƒ acn∏n°p∂ tPmen A√mlp G¬∏n
®n´p≈Xv ae°pIsfbmWv . ""]dbpI: \nßfpsS ImcyØn¬
G¬]n°s∏´ acWØns‚ ae°v \nßsf acn  ∏n  °pw. ]n∂o
Sv \nßfpsS c£nXmhn¶te°v aS°s∏Spw'' (Izp¿B≥ 32:11)
""B A{IanIƒ acWsh{]mfØnembncn°p∂ cwKw
\o I≠ncps∂ ¶n¬! \n߃ \nß fpsS Bflm°sf ]pd 
Ønd°q F∂v ]d™psIm≠v ae°pIƒ AhcpsS t\sc
XßfpsS ssIIƒ \o´ns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv'' (Izp¿B≥
6:93) Bscms° AwKo  I  cn  ®mepw Cs√  ¶nepw A  √m  lp 
hns‚ \S  ]  Sn  {Iaw \nd  th  ‰pI Xs∂ sNøpw.
_Z¿ bp≤thfbn¬ apkvenwIƒ Pbn®Xv amemJamcpsS klmbtØmsSbmsW∂v a\nem
°m≥ Ign™p. a\pjykrjvSnIƒ XΩnep≈ kwL´\Øn¬ ssZhw CXc krjvSnIsf sh®v
klmbn°p∂Xv Fßns\ AwKoIcn°m≥ Ignbpw?
˛AcpW tImgnt°mSv
2013 G{]n¬ 38
hmfns\bpw ]cnNsbbpw Ipdn°p∂ ]Z߃ Izp¿B
\n¬ {]tbmKn®n´n√. F∂m¬ IgpØpIƒ°paosX sh´n
s°m≈m≥ ae°pIƒ°v A√mlp \n¿tZiw \¬InbXmbn
8:12 kq‡Øn¬ ImWmw. _Zvdn¬ t_mw_nSm\mWv \n¿tZ
in ®n cp ∂ sX ¶n¬ kXy hn izm kn Iƒ°pw kXy \n tj [n 
Iƒ°pw Hcp t]mse \mi \ jvS ßƒ kw ` hn °p am bn cp ∂ 
t√m. AºpIƒ F∂¿Yap≈ "Akvemw' F∂ ]Zw Izp¿
B\n¬ (5:3) {]tbmKn®n´ps≠¶nepw AXv `mKyw ]co£n
°m≥ D]tbmKn®ncp∂ AºpIsf Ipdn°m\mWv. ]S°p
XncIsf°pdn®v Izp¿B\n¬ ]cma¿in®n´p≠v F∂Xv icn
bmWv. B[p\nIImeØpw ]e \mSpIfn¬ IpXnc∏´mfap
≠t√m. ]Sb¶n \n¿amWw ZmhqZv \_nsb A√mlp
]Tn∏n®psh∂v Izp¿B\n¬ (21:80) ]d™n´p≠v. F∂m¬
apkvenwIƒ F°meØpw bp≤Øn\ndßptºmƒ ]Sb¶n
[cn ° W sa∂v Izp¿B\n¬ I¬]n ®n ´n √. B bp [ ßƒ
F∂¿Yap≈ "Akvenl:' F∂ ]Zw hnip≤ Izp¿B\nse
\memw A[ymbØn¬ \mepXhW {]tbmKn®n´p≠v. {]mNo
\hpw B[p\nIhpamb F√m hn[ Bbp[ßsf Ipdn°m
\pw Ad_n `mjbn¬ "Akvenl' F∂ ]Zw Xs∂bmWv
{]tbmKn°mdp≈Xv.
\cIin£bv°v \nanØamIp∂ sX‰mb hnizmkßfpw
I¿aßfpw kzoIcn°m≥ a\pjysc t{]cn∏n°p∂Xv ]nim
NmWv. F∂m¬ \cIØn≥ta¬ ]nimNn\v bmsXmcp A[n
Im  c  hp  an  √. A  √m  lp  hmWv kz¿K  Øn  s‚bpw \c  I  Øn 
s‚bpw A[n]≥. Ah≥ Xocpam\n°p∂hsc Ah≥ \
cIØnte°v Ab°p∂p. hn{Klmcm[\bv°pw hy`nNmc
Øn\pw aZy]m\Øn\pw t{]cn∏n°p∂ Iq´pImsc°pdn®v
Ah¿ \cIØnte°v \bn°p∂p F∂v ]dbmhp∂XmWv.
AXns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ A√mlphpw Iq´pImcpw H∂p
Xs∂bmsW∂v kmam\y_p≤nbp≈ Bcpw ]dbm\nSbn√.
7:17 kq‡ Øn¬ ]d ™n ´p ≈Xv, a\p jy sc hgn sX ‰n 
°m≥ th≠n AhcpsS ap≥]n≥, CSXv, heXv hißfn
eqsS Xm≥ AhcpsS ASpØv sN√psa∂v ]nimNv {]kvXm
hn® ImcyamWv. 85:20¬ ]d™n´p≈Xv A√mlp F√m h
i ß fn eq sSbpw a\p jy cpsS ASpØv sN√p sa ∂√; a\p 
jycpsS `mhn kw_‘n® F√m Imcyßfpw A√mlp ]q
¿Wambn Adnbpsa∂mWv . Cu kq‡ßfpsS \º¿ {_m°
‰nen´psIm≠v A√mlphpw ]nimNpw H∂msW∂v ]dbp∂
BfpsS ta¬ ]nimNv B[n]Xyw ÿm]n®ncn°p∂p F
∂mWv {Kln°mhp∂Xv.
3:175 kq‡Øn¬ ]cn`mj C{]ImcamWv: ""AXv (\n
ßsf t]Sn∏n°m≥ {ian®Xv) ]nimNv am{XamIp∂p. Ah≥
Xs‚ an{Xßsf°pdn®v (\nßsf) `bs∏SpØpIbmWv. A
Xn \m¬ \n ß sf Ahsc `b s∏ SmsX Fs∂ `b s∏ SpI;
\n߃ kXyhnizmknIfmsW¶n¬''. ]nimNns\bpw Iq´m
fn I sfbpw `b s∏ S cp sX∂pw Fs∂ bm Wv \n߃ `b s∏ 
tS≠sX∂pw A√mlp DZv t_m[n∏n°p∂ Cu kq‡w, A√m
lphpw ]nimNpw H∂msW∂v ÿm]n°m≥ sXfnhm°p∂Xv
Izp¿B≥ ]dbp∂ A√mlphpw ]nimNpw Hcmƒ Xs∂bmsW∂v AXnse hN\߃ Hcm
h¿Øn hmbn®m¬ t_m[ys∏Spw. GXm\pw sXfnhpIƒ Xmsg sImSp°p∂p: 1. ""]nimNv kXy\n
tj[nIsf \cIØnte°v \bn°pw'' (31:21) ""A√mlp kXy\ntj[nIsf \cIØnte°v \bn°pw''
(19:86, 4:169) 2. ""]nimNv a\pjysc ]n∂neqsS hebw sNøpw'' (7:17) ""A√mlp a\pjysc ]n∂n
eqsS hebw sNøpw'' (85:20) 3. ""]nimNv Xs‚ Zmk≥am¿°pth≠n i{Xp°sf `bs∏SpØpw''
(3:175) ""A√mlp Xs‚ Zmk≥am¿°pth≠n i{Xp°sf `bs∏SpØpw'' (3:151) CXn\v ]pdsa ad
∏n°p∂ ImcyØnepw (6:68/74:56) IpX{¥w {]tbmKn°p∂ hnjbØnepw (4:76/6:123) bp≤w
sNøp∂ ImcyØnep(4:76/4:84)sa√mw Cu kam\XIƒ ImWmw. CXn¬\ns∂√mw a\nemIp
∂Xv Izp¿B\n¬ ]d™ncn°p∂ A√mlphpw AXn¬ Xs∂ a\pjycpsS i{Xphmbn hniZoI
cn°p∂ ]nimNpw H∂p Xs∂bmsW∂t√? Aßs\ t\m°ptºmƒ Cu Izp¿B\S°w Hcp
ss]imNnI thebt√?
˛tb ip Zm k≥
bp≤sØ°pdn®v ]cma¿in°p∂nSsØ√mw hmfpw ]cnNbpw Aºpw IpXncbpsa√mamWv
Izp¿B≥ bpt≤m]IcWßfmbn ]cnNbs∏SpØp∂Xv. 1400 h¿jw apºp≈ tKm{X kwL´\
Øns‚ ]cn[nbn¬ \n∂v ]pdØv IS°m≥ Izp¿B\n\v Ignbp∂ns√∂t√ CXn¬\ns∂√mw
hy‡amIp∂Xv?
˛tXmakv tIm∂n
2013 G{]n¬ 39
h√msØmcp sshNn{Xyw Xs∂bmIp∂p. 3:151 kq‡Øn¬
"Xs‚ Zmk≥am¿°pth≠n' F∂¿Yap≈ hmt°m "i{Xp
°sf' F∂¿Yap≈ hmt°m C√. Cu kq‡Øns‚ icn
bmb ]cn`mj C{]ImcamIp∂p.
""kXy\ntj[nIfpsS a\pIfn¬ \mw `bw C´psIm
Sp°pw. A√mlp bmsXmcp {]amWhpw AhXcn∏n®n´n√m
Ø hkvXp°sf Aht\mSv ]¶ptN¿ØXns‚ ^eamW 
Xv. \cIamWv AhcpsS kt¶Xw. A{IanIfpsS ]m¿∏nSw
F{X tamiw'' Cu kq‡Øn¬ hfsc ASnÿm\]camb
Hcp hkvXp X bmWv hy‡ am °n bn ´p ≈ Xv. AXm bXv ]e
tZhotZh≥amscbpw ]pWyhmf≥amscbpw kn≤≥amscbpw
`qXt{]XmZnIsfbpw Bcm[n°pIbpw {]m¿Yn°pIbpw sN
øp ∂ h cpsS a\ n¬ kZm `b am bn cn °pw; Ch cn¬ B 
scm s° {]km Zn °p sa∂pw i]n °p sa∂pw Adn bm≥ Ign 
bmØXns‚ t]cn¬. IWniamb GIssZh hnizmkw a\
n¬ cqV aq e am bn ´p ≈ h¿ A√mlp A√mØ Bscbpw
bmsXm∂ns\bpw `bs∏SmØXn\m¬ AhcpsS a\v kZm
`b ap‡ambncn°pw. A√mlphpw ]nimNpw H∂msW∂
hmZØn\v Cu kq‡Ønepw bmsXmcp sXfnhpan√.
A√mlpshbpw Ahs‚ ZrjvSm¥ßsfbpw ]cnlkn
°p∂ BfpItfmsSm∏w kt¥mj]q¿hw Ccn°m≥ ]mSn
√. AXv tI´m¬ kXyhnizmknIƒ AhnsS\n∂v Xncn™p
IfbWw. Cu _m[yXsb°pdn®v hnkvacn∏n°m≥ ]nimNv
{ian°psa∂mWv 6:68 kq‡Øn¬\n∂v {Kln°mhp∂Xv.
]nimNns‚ Zp¿t_m[\Øns‚ `mKw Xs∂bmWv A√m
lpthmSp≈ _m[yXsb°pdn®v hnkvacn∏n°¬. 74:56 kq
‡ Øn¬ ]d ™n ´p ≈Xv a\p jy cpsS Hm¿a i‡n A√m 
lphns‚ lnXØn\v hnt[bamsW∂mWv. a\pjyPohnX
Øns‚ GXv Awihpw A√mlp kwhn[m\n®XmWv. B
Iq ´ Øn¬ s]´Xv Xs∂ bmWv a\p jy s‚ Hm¿a i ‡n. A 
√mlp \n›bn® hyhÿb\pkcn®mWv akvXnjvI tImi
߃ {]h¿Øn°p∂Xv. Nn¥bpw Hm¿abpsa√mw ssZhnI
amb C—bv°pw \nb{¥WØn\pw hnt[bamsW∂v ]dbp
∂Xpw, ]nimNv ssZhkvacW \jvSs∏SpØm≥ Zp¿t_m
[\ØneqsS {ian°psa∂v ]dbp∂Xpw XΩn¬ bmsXmcp
sshcp[yhpw C√. A√mlphpw ]nimNpw H∂msW∂ hmZ
Øn\v Cu kq‡ßfn¬ sXfnshm∂pan√.
X{¥w IpX {¥ am Ip ∂Xv ]nimNv {]tbm Kn °p tºm gm 
Wv. A√mlp {]tbmKn°p∂Xv icnbpw \ymbhpamb X{¥
am Wv. 4:76¬ ]d ™n ´p ≈Xv k Xy hn izm kn Iƒ sNøp∂
bp≤w A√mlphns‚ am¿KØnepw kXy\ntj[nIƒ bp≤w
sNøp∂Xv Zpx»‡nIfpsS am¿KØnepw BsW∂mWv . Zpx»
‡nIƒ ]nimNns‚ Iq´mfnIfmsW∂pw Cu kq‡Øn¬
\n∂v hy‡amIp∂p. 4:84epw kam\amb Bibw Xs∂
bmWp≈ Xv. ]nimNv A√mlphns‚ i{XphmsW∂v sXfn
bn°p∂ Cu kq‡ßƒ A√mlphpw ]nimNpw H∂msW
∂Xn\v sXfnhm°p∂Xv Hcp ss]imNnI IpX{¥amImt\
Xcap≈p.
BZyw At]£n°p∂ GXm\pw AapkvenwIƒ°v Hcp h¿jtØ°v Ppss_¬
C ¥y≥  C kv em lo  sk‚¿  kv t\ l kw hm Z w  am kn I  kuP \y am bn  A b ®p
sIm Sp °p ∂p .  D S≥  _ ‘ s∏ Sp I : 
jubail@nicheoftruth.org
As√¶n¬
SnehaSamvadam Monthly
P.B. No:1981, Vyttila, Kochi-19, Tel: 0484 2301275
apkv enwIf√mØ GXm\pw t]¿°v am{Xw
k
u
 P
 \
 y
w
 !
 
 
2013 G{]n¬ 40
lnµpaX hnizmkmNmcßfpw A\p
jv Tm\ßfpw IWniambn BNcn®pw ]m
en®pw t]m∂ IpSpw_ØnemWv Rm≥
]nd∂Xv . sIm®pIp´nbmbncn°ptºmƒ X
s∂ Hmtcm kabØpw aplq¿Øßfn
epw A\pjvTnt°≠Xpw BNcnt°≠
Xpamb I¿aßfpw DcphntS≠ a{¥ß
fpw A—≥ Xs∂ sNm√nØ∂v Fs∂
a\x]mTam°n X∂ncp∂p. A£cm¿Y
Øn¬ Xs∂ Ahsb√mw PohnXØnepS
\ofw Rm≥ ]men®pt]mcpIbpw sNbv Xp.
hf¿∂v hepXmhpIbpw Imcy߃
IqSpX¬ ]Tn°m\pw a\nem°m\pw Xp
SßnbtXmsS Xs‚ hnizmkØn¬ Ht´
sd A]mIXIfnt√sb∂v Rm≥ kwibn
®pXpSßn. thZßfpw D]\njØp°fpw
AS°w hnizmkm[njv TnXamb {KŸß
ƒ hmbn°m\pw ]Tn°m\pw [mcmfw A
hkcap≈ IpSpw_hpw Np‰p]mSpambn
cp∂p Ft‚Xv. Ahbn¬ \ns∂ms° e
`n® AdnhpIƒ hf¿∂p hnIkn®ph
cp∂ Fs‚ Nn¥Itfbpw a\nt\bpw
Iq  SpX¬ kwibßfnte°pw Akz 
ÿXbnte°pw X≈nhnSpIbmbncp∂p.
hnhn[ tZh∑mcptSbpw tZhnamcptS
bpw {]oXn°mbn kvtXm{Xßfpw a{¥ 
ßfpw Dcphn´v {]m¿Yn°ptºmgpw Fs‚
hnizmkw icnbmtWm? C{Xb[nIw ssZ
hßtfm? ChtcmsS√mw Htc kabw F
ßs\ Imcy߃ ]dbm\pw {]m¿Yn°m
\pw Ignbpw? AhtbmSp≈ Fs‚ at\m
`mhØnepw {]m¿Y\bnepap≈ G‰°p
d®nepIƒ AhcpsS tIm]Øn\ncbm
°ptam XpSßnb D¬IWv Tbpw Aim¥n
bpambncp∂p F∂n¬ h¿[n∏n®Xv. th
Z{KŸßfn¬ NneXn¬ hn{Klmcm[\
Iƒ ]Tn∏n°ptºmƒ Xs∂ AXns\ \n
cp  ¬kmls∏SpØp∂Xpw, ap∏Øn  ap 
t°m Sn ssZhßtfbpw tZhnamtcbpw
Ipdn®v k¶¬]n°ptºmƒ Xs∂ GI
ssZhtØbpw, B ]c{_“sØ am{X
ta ]qPn°mhp F∂p ]dbpIbpw sN
øp∂Xnse sshcp[yw Fs‚ Nn¥Isf
]et∏mgpw th´bmSnbncp∂p. CtXmsS
lnµpaX{KŸßƒ am{Xw hmbn°pI
bpw ]Tn°pIbpw ]Xnhm°nbncp∂ F
s∂ a‰p aXÿcpsS {KŸßfpw hnizm
kßfpw ]Tn°p∂hfm°n am‰n. Iq´pIm
cnIfn¬ \s√mcp hn`mKw {InkvXobcm
bXn\m¬ AhcpsS ]pkvXIßfpw B
ibßfpambn IqSpX¬ ASp°m\pw ]
Tn°m\pw Ahkcw e`n®p. AtXmsS
{In  kv Xob hnizmk kwlnXbn¬
a\n\v Bizmkw e`n®pXpSßn. ] 
t£ CXv A[nIImew \ne\n∂n√.
ss__nfnepw Bcm[\NSßpIfnepsa
√mw [mcmfw sshcp[y߃ Rm≥ Z¿
in°m≥ XpSßn. hn{Klmcm[\sb F
Xn¿Ø ss__nƒ ssIøn¬ ]nSn®psIm
≠p Xs∂ AhcpsS ]≈nIfn¬ {Inkv
Xphnt‚bpw amXmhnt‚bpw ]pWymflm
°fptSbpsams° hn{Kl߃ ImWpI
Iq´pImcn Is≠Ønb
hgnbneqsS...
kzmenl ^mØna

A\p`hw
2013 G{]n¬ 41
bpw Ah¿°p ap∂n¬ {]m¿Yn°p∂Xv
Z¿in°pIbpw sNbv Xp. AtXmsS Fs‚
aXØnse hn{Klmcm[\bpw ]qPbpsam
s° ChntSbpw ImWp∂psh¶n¬ Rm
s\¥n\v Fs‚ aXhpw IpSpw_hpsam
s° Dt]£n°Ww F∂ Nn¥ F∂n
ep≠mbn. ss__nfnse ]gb, ]pXnb
\nbaßfnse√mw Hcp]mSv sshcp[yß
ƒ Xncn®dn™tXmsS Rm≥ ho≠pw
AkzÿXbmbn.
]n.Pn ]T\ImeØv Hcp apkvenw kv
t\lnXsb Iq´n\pIn´n. Ahsft∂mSv C
kvemans\ Ipdn®pw AXnse hnizmkm
NmcßsfIpdn®psams° ]dbpambncp
∂p. ]t£ icnbmb coXnbn¬ AXpƒ
s°m≈m≥ Ahƒ a\v ImWn®ncp∂
Xpan√. apkvenwIsf Ipdn®v Fs‚ Imgv
N∏mSv Xo¿Øpw hnIeambncp∂p. {In
kv Xym\nIfS°ap≈ CXc aX kl]m
TnIsf ImWp∂ IÆpsIm≠mbncp∂n√
Rm≥ apkvenw Ip´nIsf I≠ncp∂Xv.
s]mXpsh `oIchmZnIfpw A{IaImcn
Ifpw XcwXmWhcpamWv apkvenwIƒ
F∂mbncp∂p Rm≥ ]Tn®psh®ncp∂
Xpw Fs‚ ImgvN∏mSpw. kv {XoIƒ Xm
gv∂hcpw ASnaIfpw kzmX{¥yw A¿
ln°mØhcpamsW∂ ImgvN∏mSmWv
Ckvemw aØnt‚sX∂pw a‰pap≈ sX
‰mb [mcWIƒ am{Xambncp∂p Fs‚
AIw \ndsb. AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ C
kvemans\ Adnbmt\m ]Tn°mt\m Rm
≥ {ian®ncp∂n√. "a\pjy≥ AdnbmØ
Xns‚ i{XphmsW∂' B]v XhmIyw F
¥pam{Xw icnbmsW∂pw Ct∏mƒ Rm≥
Xncn®dnbp∂p.
C°meØv Xs∂ apkvenw Iq´nImcn
Ifn¬ \n∂v Ckvemans\ Ipdn®p≈ G
ItZi [mcW F\n°v ]I¿∂pIn´n. A
tXmsS IqSpX¬ Adnbm\pw ]Tn°m\p
ap≈ {iahpw XpSßn. ssZhw AXn\p≈
hgn Ffp∏am°nØcpIbpw sNbv Xp. A
Xn\nS°v Fs∂ sR´n°pIbpw Aºcn
∏n°pIbpw sNbvX Hcp kw`hw Adn
bm\nSbmbn. Fs‚ ASpØ Iq´pImcn
F\n°p aptº Xs∂ Ckvemw kzoIcn
°pIbpw A°mcyw Ahƒ F∂n¬ \n
∂pw ad®psh°pIbmbncp∂p F∂pam
WXv. lnµp aX Z¿i\߃ "Ie°nIp
Sn°p'Ibpw aXmNmc߃ Nn´tbmsS ]m
en®ncp∂hfpambncp∂p Ahƒ. lnµp
aXØnse sshcp[y߃ R߃ X\n
®ncn°ptºmƒ Nq≠n°mWn®m¬ t]m
epw Ahsft∂mSv \ockw {]ISn∏n°p
Ibpw tIm]n°pIbpw sNøpambncp∂p.
lnµpaXØns‚ t{ijvTX F∂n¬ Ip
Øn\nd°m≥ Bthmfw {ian°pIbpw ap
kv enwItfmSv hfsc shdp∏v {]ISn∏n°p
Ibpw sNømdp≠mbncp∂ Ahƒ lnµp
aXØn¬ sshcp[yw tXm∂p∂Xv \Ωp
sS _p≤nbn√mbvabpw \ΩpsS A ] Iz 
am b a\ns‚ hnIrXnbpamsW∂mbn 
cp∂p hnebncpØnbncp∂Xv. P\n® a
XØns‚ t]mcmbvaIƒ Fs∂ izmkw
ap´n°ptºmsgms° F\n°v HmIv knP≥
X∂ncp∂ Ahƒ lnµpaXw Xs∂ D
t]£n®v apkvenw aXm\pbmbn´ps≠∂
Adnhv F∂n¬ henb Nn¥mam‰Øn\v
CSbm°n. hmkv Xhadnbm≥ Ct∏mƒ hn
tZiØp≈ Ahfpambn Rm≥ _‘s∏
´p. AhfpsS t{]cW Iq Sn bm b tXm sS
Fs‚ Ckvemante°p≈ am‰w Ffp∏
ambn.
temIsØ apgph≥ a\pjy¿°pam
bn AhXcn∏n°s∏´ ssZhnI {KŸw
Izp¿B≥ Fs‚ F√m kwib߃°pw
tNmZy߃°pap≈ DØcambncp∂p.
ssZhØns‚ Ad_n `mjbnep≈ t]
cmWv A√mlp F∂pw Ah≥ apkvenw
IfptSXv am{Xas√∂pw {]]©Øns‚,
krjvSnIfpsS, a\pjyIpeØns‚ apgp
h≥ c£nXmhmsW∂pw Rm≥ a\n
em°n. F√mw tIƒ°p∂h\pw Adnbp
∂h\pw F√mh¿°pw ImcpWyw sNøp
∂h\pw sNdnbhs\t∂m henbhs\
t∂m BsWt∂m s]sÆt∂m tZi`mj
hyXymkan√msX XßfpsS k¶S߃
]dbm\pw ]cnlmcw tXSm\pw i‡nbp
≈ ImcpWyhm\mb ssZhw Ah≥ am
{XamsW∂pw Rm≥ Xncn®dn™p. \mw
sNøp∂ \∑ Xn∑Iƒ°v AWpØq°w
A\oXnbn√msX IrXyambn {]Xn^ew
\¬Im≥ Ignhp≈h\mWv Ct∏mƒ Rm
≥ Is≠Ønbn´p≈ ssZhw F∂ Xncn
®dnhv F¥pam{Xw Bizmkhpw kwXr
]vXnbpw F\n°v \¬Ip∂p. PohnXØn
epS\ofw kq£vaX ]pe¿Øm≥ AsX
s∂ {]m]vXbm°p∂p.
CkvemanImZ¿iw icnbmwhn[w Po
hnXØn¬ ]I¿Øp∂ Ht´sd BfpI
tfbpw IpSpw_ßtfbpw F\n°v ]cn
Nbs∏Sm\mbn´p≠v. AØcØnep≈ H
cp IpSpw_Øns‚ IqsS H∂n®v Gsd
\mƒ Pohn°m\p≈ Ahkchpw F\n
°v e`n®p. A¤pXhpw hnkv abhpw
tXm∂nb Ht´sd A\p`h߃ B Xm
akØn\nS°v F\n°p≠mbn. PohnX
ØnepS\ofw im¥nbpw kam[m\hpw
hm°nepw {]h¿Ønbnepsa√mw kv t\
lhpw ImcpWyhpw, A√mlphns‚ Xr
]vXnbpw {]Xn^ehpw am{Xw B{Kln
®psIm≠p≈ AhcpsS Hmtcm Ne\hpw
Fs∂ F{Xam{Xw kzm[o\n®psh∂pw
AhcpsamØv Ign™ Hmtcm Zn\hpw
F¥pam{Xw a[pcXcambn BkzZn®psh
∂pw ]d™dnbn°m\mhn√. B ho´p
ImcpsS kvt\lhpw s]cpam‰hpsa√mw
]ctemIØv A√mlphns‚ Xr]vXnam
{Xw Imw£n®psIm≠msW∂ Xncn®dnhv
F\ns°mcp ]pXnb A\p`hw Xs∂bm
bncp∂p. Ckvemans‚ ImgvN∏mSv F¥p
am{Xw hnimehpw am\pjnIhpamsW∂v
A\p`hn®dn™ \mfpIƒ, `qanbnep≈
htcmSv IcpW ImWn®m¬ BImiØp
≈h≥ \nßtfmSv ImcpW ImWn°psa
∂ {kjv Smhns‚ hmKv Zm\Ønep≈ ZrV
amb hnizmkw, AXmbncp∂p B IpSpw
_sØ \bn°p∂Xv.
A√mlphns‚ A]mcamb A\p{K
lØm¬ C∂v Rm≥ ]q¿W kwXr]vX
bmWv. kam[m\w \nd™ a\ns‚ D
Sa. F¥p{]iv\hpw AXv F{X hepXpw
k¶o¿Whpambmepw A√mlphns‚ ap
∂n¬ ssIIƒ \o´nbm¬ ]cnlmcw Dd∏v .
H∂pIn¬ DS≥ As√¶n¬ ]ctemIØn
se¶nepw DØcw e`n°psa∂ Dd∏mb
ZpB sNøm≥ Ignbmhp∂ Hchÿ. F
{X BizmkIcamb kwXr]vXamb Po
hnXamWv apkv enwIfptSXv . CXv a‰m¿°v
e`n°pw `q anbn¬.
P\n® aXØns‚ t]mcmbvaIƒ Fs∂ izmkw ap´n°ptºmsgms° F\n°v
Hm  Iv kn P≥ X∂n cp∂ Fs‚ ASpØ Iq´pImcn ln µpaXw Dt]£n ®v
ap  kv enw aXm\pbmbnbm´ps≠∂ Adnhv F∂n¬ henb Nn¥mam‰Øn\v
C Sbm°n. hmkvXhadnbm≥ Ct∏mƒ hntZiØp≈ Ahfpambn Rm≥ _ ‘ 
s∏ ´p. AhfpsS t{]cW IqSnbmbtXmsS Fs‚ Ckvemante°p≈ am‰w
Ffp∏ambn.
2013 G{]n¬ 42
a\pjy≥ ]ptcmKXnbn¬\n∂v ]ptcmKXnbnte°v IpXn°p
∂p. imkv{Xw, kmlnXyw, Ie XpSßnb k¿h taJeIfnepw
\ho\amb ]cythjWßfpw \qX\amb Bibßfpw ÿm\w
]nSn°pIbpw sNbvXp. imkv{XtemIw Ip‰a‰sX∂v hn[nsbgp
Xnb H´\h[n kn≤m¥ßƒ ]pXnb Adnhns‚bpw kmt¶XnI
anIhns‚bpw {]mtbmKnI A\p`hßfpsSbpw shfn®Øn¬ A]
{KYn®t∏mƒ Ahsb√mw Dulßfpw `mh\Ifpw am{Xambncp
∂psh∂v B[p\nI imkv{Xw hn[nsbgpXn. a\pjys‚ Nn¥bpw
`mh\bpw AXXv ImeL´Øn\pw kmaqlyNp‰p]mSpIƒ°pw
hnt[bambmWv cq]s∏Sp∂Xv. F∂pw AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ a\p
jy\nKa\߃ \qdv iXam\hpw kXyamhpI km[yas√∂Xv
A¿Yi¶°nSan√mØhn[w hy‡amWv. Cu bmYm¿Yyw hn\o
hn{Klmcm[\bpw Ckvemans‚ \ne]mSpw
A¬Øm^v AΩm´n°p∂v

2013 G{]n¬ 43
Xambn AwKoIcn°pIbpw a\pjys‚ \nklm
bXbpw ssZhØns‚ A\¥amb IgnhpIfpw
Dƒs°m≈pIbpw sNøp∂Xn\v ]Icw X\n°v
Xm≥ Xs∂ aXn  bm  b  h  \m  sW∂pw \∑bpw
Xn∑bpw kZmNmc acymZIfpw \n¿[mcWw sN
øm≥ B[p\nIamb hn⁄m\ob߃ ]cym]v X
amsW∂pw B[p\nI a\pjycn¬ `qcn`mKhpw
ZrVambn hnizkn°p∂p. kaImenI temIØv
\ S °p∂ Xn∑ Ifpw AXn {I a ßfpw AXn \p 
t\sc temIØnse hyXykvX \nbaßfpw `c
W{Iaßfpw kzoIcn®v t]mcp∂ kao]\ßfpw
AXmWv hy‡am°p∂Xv.
\mKcnIamb a\pjys‚ ]ptcmKXnbpw hnh
ckmt¶XnIhnZy bpsS A`qX]q¿hamb hf¿
®bpw sNdnb Xn∑bn¬\n∂v t]mepw a\pjys\
am\knIambn ]n¥ncn∏n°m≥ ]cym]vXa√. A
XpsIm≠v imkv {XtemIØn\pw kmt¶XnI anI
hn\pw ]pdwXncn™v \n∂v AØcw kt¶Xß
sf ]q¿Wambn \ncmIcn°Wsa∂√ ]d™v h
cp ∂ Xv. Ime L ´ Øn¬ Pohn °m \m h iy amb
hkvXp°fpw b{¥kma{KnIfpw hnIkn∏n°p
∂Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ ap≥Iq´nbp≈ Cuizc \n›
bamsW∂mWv CkvemanI hnizmkw. Izp¿B≥
AhXcn°p∂ ImeØv \mKcnI hf¿®bpsS
henb ASbmfambncp∂ I∏epIsf A√mlp
hns‚ ZrjvSm¥ambmWv Izp¿B≥ ]cnNb s∏ 
SpØp∂Xv. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ AXXv ImeL
´ ß fnse `uXnI kt¶ X ßƒ D] tbm K s∏ Sp 
Øn G‰hpw sa®amb PohnXw \bn°p∂Xn\v
Ckvemw HcpImeØpw XSw \n∂n´n√. `uXn
Iamb CØcw hnjbßfpsS KpWt`m‡m°ƒ
kIe a\pjycpamWv. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ CØ
cw AdnhpIfpw KthjW]mShßfpw A√mlp
\¬Ip∂Xv aXhnizmkØns‚ ASnÿm\Øn
e  √.
a\pjys‚ kZmNmc ]cn]me\tam [¿am[
¿ a ßtfm hnth Nn °mt\m hni Zo I cn °mt\m
AXns‚ ASnÿm\Ønep≈ \nba߃ \n¿an
°mt\m a\pjy]ptcmKXn°v Ignbns√∂v a\pjy]ptcmK
XnbpsS BXy¥nIamb ImcW°mc\mb {kjv Smhn\v Adn
bm hp ∂Xv sIm≠v ÿe Ime ]cn an Xn Iƒ° Xo X amb
ss\XnI [m¿anI kZmNmcaqey hyhÿIƒ ImemIme
ßfn¬ {]hmNIhcy≥amsc a\pjycn¬\n∂v Xncs™SpØv
\ntbmKn®psIm≠v a\pjyhwiØn\v ]Tn∏n®v sImSpØp.
ssZhnI \nbaßfpsS {]mtbmKnI amXrIIfmbncp∂p {]hm
N  I≥am¿. Pohn  X  Øn  sem  cn  °epw Ifhv ]d  bp  Itbm
A\ysc NXn°pItbm sNømsX Pohn® {]hmNI≥am¿
PohnXØnepS\ofw ]d™Xv kXyw am{Xambncp∂p. Hcp
e£Øne[nIw {]hmNI≥am¿ `qanbpsS hyXykvX `mK
ßfn¬ ssZh ktµihpambn \ntbmKn°s∏´p. a\pjyPo
hnXw acWtØmsS c£m˛in£Iƒ ]ctemIØv h®v e`n
°psa∂pw {]hmNI≥am¿ P\ßsf Xm°oXv sNbvXp. a\p
jysc D∂Xcpw Xmgv∂hcpambn {]hmNI≥am¿ hn`Pn®n
cp∂n√.
a\pjy¿ CltemIØnepw ]ctemIØnepw thZ\n
°p ∂Xpw IjvS s∏ Sp ∂Xpw Ah¿°v Ak l \o b am bn cp 
∂p. A¥y{]hmNI\mb aplΩZv \_n  At±lsØbpw
{]t_m[nX kaqlsØbpw D]an®ncn°p∂Xv ImWpI:
""Rm≥ Hcp Xo°pWvTmcØn\v kao]w \n¬°p∂ Hcp
hs\t∏msebmWv. Xo Poh\miw hcpØpsa∂v AdnbmØ
{]mWn Iƒ Xobn te°v BI¿jn ° s∏´v NsØm Sp ßp ∂ 
Xns\ XSbm≥ {]mWnIfpsS Duc°v ]nSn®v Rm≥ ]pd 
tIm´v hen°p∂p. AhbmIs´ Fs∂ AhK Wn®v A·n
bnte°v IpXn®p sIm≠ncn°p∂p.''
{]hmNI≥amcpsS am\knImhÿbpsS Hcp ]cntOZ
amWnXv. {k„mhn¬\n∂v khntijambn e`n® Adnhns‚
ASnÿm\ØnemWv {]hmNI≥am¿ P\ßtfmSv kwhZn®
Xv . GsXmcp ImcyØns‚bpw bmYm¿Yyw a\nemIptºmƒ
am{XamWv \ΩpsS e£yhpw {]h¿Ø\ßfpw IrXyhpw
BtcmKyIchpw \n¿amWmflIhpamIp∂Xv. Hcp hnjb
sØ°pdn®p≈ AkXyamb ImgvN∏mSv A⁄Xtb°mƒ
A]ISamWv. DZmlcWambn Hcp bm{X°mc≥ ]´WØn
Ime L ´ Øn¬ Pohn °m \m h iy amb hkvXp °fpw b{¥ km a 
{KnIfpw hnIkn∏n°p∂Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ ap≥Iq´nbp≈ Cuizc
\n› b am sW ∂mWv Ckvem anI hnizm kw. Izp¿B≥ Ah X 
cn °p∂ ImeØv \mK cnI hf¿® bpsS h enb AS bm f am bn 
cp∂ I∏epIsf A√mlphns‚ ZrjvSm¥ambmWv Izp¿B≥
]cn N b s∏ Sp Øp ∂ Xv. AXp sIm ≠p Xs∂ AXXv Ime L ´ 
ßfnse `uXnI kt¶X߃ D]tbmKs∏SpØn G‰hpw sa®
amb PohnXw \bn °p ∂ Xn\v Ckvemw Hcp Im eØpw XSw
\n∂n ´n √.
2013 G{]n¬ 44
te°p≈ hgn At\zjn°p∂p. Hcmƒ Abmƒ°v
tLmch\Ønte°p≈ hgn ImWn®v ]´WØn
te°v FØnt®cpsa∂v sX‰p[cn∏n°p∂p. B
bm{XnIs‚ bm{X F¥v am{Xw A]ISIcamWv.
sX‰mb hgn Adnbp∂Xnt\°mƒ F{Xtbm t`Z
amWv hgnsb°pdn®p≈ A⁄X.
a\pjys‚ PohnXhnPbØns‚ hgn GI
ssZh hnizmkhpw AXn\\pkrXamb I¿a]
≤XnbpamWv. _lpssZh hnizmkamIs´ Hcn
°epw ]cnlcn°m\mhmØ ]cmPbØnte°m
Wv a\pjys\ sIms≠Øn°pI. tLmch\Øn
tes°Øp∂ am¿K ØneqsS hgn sX‰n°s∏´
bm{XnI≥ Xs‚ bm{X°nSbn¬ AXns‚ HSphn
¬ hcm\ncn°p∂ A]ISw Is≠∂v hcn√. bm
{X Ahkm\n°ptºmƒ Xm≥ NXn°s∏´ kXyw
Adn™Xv sIm≠v bm{XnI\v {]tbmP\hpan√.
At∏mtg°pw h\yarKßfpsS B{IaWØnt\m
Xmgv ∂pt]mIp∂ NXp∏pIƒ°nSbntem Abmƒ
AIs∏´ncn°pw.
{]]©Ønse G‰hpw henb \∑, \sΩ
bpw \mw ImWp∂Xpw ImWmØXpamb kIe
hkvXp°sfbpw krjvSn®v ]cn]men®v sIm≠n
cn°p∂ GI\mb ssZhsØ AwKoIcn°pIbpw
AXhs\b\pkcn®v Pohn°pIbpamWv. a\pjy
≥ sNøp∂ G‰hpw hneb Xn∑, GIssZh
sØb√msX˛Ah a\pjycmIs´, hn{Klßfm
I s´, ivaim \ ß fm Is´˛Bcm[n °p ∂ Xm Wv.
hn{Klmcm[\ henb Xn∑bmWv F∂Xv apkv enw
IfpsS shdpw AhImihmZa√. adn®v temIØv
a\pjyhwiØns‚ XpS°Øn¬Xs∂ ssZhw
ssZhZqX≥am¿ aptJ\ a\pjysc Adnbn®Xm
WnXv. {]hmNI≥ \ntbmKnXcmhmØ Hcp kaq
lhpw Ign™v t]mbn´n√ F∂v Izp¿B\neqsS
A√mlp DW¿Øp∂p. C¥ybpw CXn\]hmZ
ambncp∂n√. GIssZh hnizmkØnte°v P\
ßsf £Wn°m\pw hn{Klmcm[\ hntcm[n
°m\pw ssZhZqX≥am¿ C¥ybnepw h∂ncp∂p
F∂ hkvXpX ÿncoIcn°p∂ hN\߃ `mc
Xob thZkmlnXyßfn¬ FºmSpap≠v.
GIssZh hnizmkw sslµh Z¿i\ßfn¬
""C{µw an{Xw hcpW a·n amlp
ctYmZnhykp]¿tWm KcpXvam≥
GIw kZv hn{]m _lp[mhZ¥y
Kv\nbaw amXcniz\ amlpx (EtKzZw 2˛3˛22)
(Cu BZnXys\ C{µs\∂v ]dbp∂p, an{Xs\∂v ]d
bp∂p, A·nsb∂v ]dbp∂p. ]ns∂ tZymhnep≠mb kp]
X\mb KcpUs\∂pw ]dbp∂p. hmkvXhambXv Ht∂bp
≈p. tZhXmXØzhnØp°fmb ]eXmbn ]dbp∂p; A·n
bmbpw ba\mbpw hmbphmbpw.)
""lncWyK¿`x kah¿ØXmt{K
`qXkyPmXx ]XntcI BkoXv
kZm[mc ]rYnhnw Zymap tXamw
Ikvssa tZhmb lhnjmhnt[a'' (EtKzZw 10˛121˛1)
({]Imikzcq]nbpw kqcymZnbmb {]Imin°p∂ ]Zm¿Y
ßsf krjvSn®v hln°p∂h\pw DXv]∂amb apgph≥ PK
Øns‚ {]kn≤\mb c£I\pw Bb GI {_“w D≠v. P
KØp≠mhpw apºv (Ah≥) shfns∏´p. B lncWyK¿`≥
C u `qan sbbpw tZymhn s\bpw hln °p ∂p. kpJ kz cq ]n 
bm b B ]c am flm hns\ kzoI cn °m Ø Xmb ]q¿W amb
D]mk\sIm≠v R߃ `Pn°p∂p)
""hnizXݣpcX hniztXm aptJmhniztXm
_mlpcpX hnizX kv]mXv
kw`mlp `ymw [aXnkw ]Xss{X¿
Zymhym `qan P\btµh GIx (bPp¿thZw 17˛19)
(BcpsS I¨IfmtWm k¿h{X hym]n®n´p≈Xv, F
ß pw BcpsS apJ amtWm D≈ Xv, Fßpw BcpsS ssII 
fmtWm Imcy߃ \n¿hln°p∂Xv BcpsS ]mZßfmtWm
Fßpw \nesIm≈p∂Xv. Ah≥ F√m‰ns\bpw ImepI
fmbpw ssIIfmepw \SØp∂p˛\bn°p∂p. C{]Imcap≈
GI tZh\mWv hm\temIsØbpw ]rYnsbbpw krjvSn
®ncn°p∂Xv.)
{k„mhn¬\n∂v khn ti j ambn e`n® Adn hns‚ ASn ÿm 
\ØnemWv {]hmNI≥am¿ P\ßtfmSv kwhZn®Xv. GsXmcp
Imcy Øn s‚bpw bmYm¿Yyw a\ n em Ip tºmƒ am{X amWv
\ΩpsS e£yhpw {]h¿Ø \ ßfpw IrXyhpw Btcm Ky I 
chpw \n¿am Wm fl I hp am Ip ∂Xv . Hcp hnj b sØ °p dn 
®p≈ Ak Xy amb Imgv N ∏mSv A⁄ X tb °mƒ A] I S 
am Wv.
2013 G{]n¬ 45
apI  fn  ep  ≤  cn® thZhm  Iy  ߃ sslµh
Z¿i\w ASnÿm\]cambn aptºm´v h°p∂Xv
GIssZh hnizmkamWv F∂ hkv XpXsb A\
mhcWw sNøp∂p. F√mw krjvSn®Xpw F√mw
\nb{¥n°p∂Xpw GI\mb ssZhw Xs∂bmsW
∂v ]ucmWnI sslµh kaqlw hnizkn®ncp
∂p. _lpssZhXzhpw hn{Klmcm[\bpw lnµp
aXØns‚ `mKambncp∂n√. thZßfn¬ {][m
\s∏´ EtKzZw hn{Klmcm[\sb∏‰n ]cma¿in
°p∂n√. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ ]n¬ImeL´ß
fnemWv hn{Klmcm[\m k{ºZmbw lnµpaX
Øn¬ DSseSpØXv. thZßfpw t£{Xßfnse
hn{Klmcm[\bpw ]ckv]c]qcIßf√; adn®v
sshcp[yamWv.
GIssZhhnizmkw acWm\¥c PohnXw Xp
Sßnb ASnÿm\ hnizmkßfpw AXns‚ hn
hn[ cq]Ønep≈ ka¿Y\ßfpw hniZoIcW
ßfpaSßp∂ hn⁄m\ßfmWv thZßfn¬\n∂v
\ap°v e`n°p∂Xv. hn{Klmcm[\bmIs´ Ak
Xyhpw A_≤ßfpamb sI´pIYIfm¬ \n_n
UamWv. thZ߃ a\pjys‚ _p≤nsb sXm´p
W¿ØpIbpw Nn¥Isf Pzen∏n°pIbpw sNøp
tºmƒ hn{Klmcm[\ a\pjys‚ B{KlsØ
NqjWw sNøp∂p. am{Xhpa√ hn{Klmcm[\
bpsS AXn{]kcw thZßfn¬\n∂v a\pjysc
AI‰pIbpw sNbvXp.
lnµpaXØnse hn{Klmcm[\sb kw_
‘n®v ]ptcmlnXcpw `‡cpw AXnitbm‡n
bm¿∂ ]e IYIfpw sa\™p≠m°n hnizm
knIsf I_fn∏n°p∂p. sslµh thZßtfm
kzm`mhnI bp‡ntbm ]n¥pW°mØ hn{Klm
cm[\sb ]cnt]mjn∏n°p∂Xn¬ CØcw \pW
°YIƒ hln® ]¶v sNdpX√. ]e hn{Klß
fpw kzbw`qhmWv . CØcw {]Xnjv TIƒ°pw t£
{X߃°pw th≠n F¥pw sNøm≥ hnizmkn
Iƒ XømdmIp∂p. CXv teJIs‚ `mh\bmtbm lnµpaX
hntZzjamtbm hmb\°m¿ sX‰p[cn°cpXv . lnµpaX \thm
∞m\ \mbIcn¬ {][m\nbmb Zbm\µ kckzXn FgpXp
∂Xv ImWpI:
""hymk≥ apXemb At\Iw al¿jnamcpsS t]cpw
]d™v Akw`hyßfmb IYIƒ sI´n®a®v Ah¿ Xß
fpsS CjvSwt]mse {KŸßƒ cNn°pIbpw Ah°v ]pcm
Wßsf∂v t]cn´v Ahbnep≈ IYIƒ sNm√n tIƒ∏n
°pIbpw sNbvXpXpSßn. ]n∂oSv Ah¿ Xmsg]dbpw {]Im
c ap≈ ]e ambm{]tbm K ßfpw sNbvXp Xp S ßn. Icn ¶√v
sIm≠v hn{K l ßƒ ]Wn sN øn ∏n®v Ahsb ae I fntem
ImSpIfntem as‰m Fßm\pw HcnSØv KqVambn \nt£
]n°pItbm aÆn¬ Ipgn®nSpItbm sNbv Xtijw XßfpsS
injy≥amtcmSv Cßs\ Xfnhmbn ]d™ncp∂p: "C∂se
cm{Xn kz]v\Øn¬ almtZh≥, ]m¿hXn, cm[mIrjvW≥,
koXmcma≥, As√¶n¬ e£van\mcmbW≥, AYh ss`ch
l\pam\mZnIƒ Ft∂mSv ]d™p: R߃ C∂ ÿeß
fnemWncn°p∂Xv . AhnsS \n∂v Rßsf sIm≠ph∂v Aº
e ß fn¬ {]Xn jvTn °p I. \n߃ Xs∂ Rß fpsS ]qP 
I≥amcmbnØocp∂Xmbm¬ \n߃ a\psIm≠`nejn
°p∂ ^eßsfsb√mw R߃ \¬Ip∂XmWv! A⁄m
\m‘≥amcpw [\mUy≥amcpambn´p≈ P\߃ t]m∏≥am
cpsS Cu t\ctºm°v tI´v AXv kXyamsW∂v Xs∂ hnNm
cn°pIbpw AhtcmSv B hn{Kl߃ FhnsSbmWncn°p
∂Xv F∂v tNmZn  °p  Ibpw sNbv Xn  cp  ∂p. At∏mƒ
t]m∏≥am¿, C∂ aebn¬ As√¶n¬ Im´n¬ BWncn°p
∂Xv, Fs‚ IqsS h∂m¬ ImWn®v Xt∂°mw F∂v adp
]Sn ]d ™n cp ∂p. AXv tI´v B A⁄m \m ‘≥am¿
B[r¿Øs‚ Hcpan®v t]mhpIbpw AhnsS sN∂v t\m°n
B›cys∏´psIm≠v B t]m∏s‚ Im¬°¬ hoWv Cßs\
]dbpIbpw sNbvXncp∂p; "ChnSsØ t\sc Cu tZhX°v
Afh‰ ImcpWyap≠v. AXvsIm≠v ChnSp∂v Xs∂ Cu
hn{Klw FSpØv sIm≠phcnI. R߃ Hcºew ]Wn
bn®v Xcmw. Cu aq¿Ønsb AXn¬ ÿm]n®v ChnSp∂v
Xs∂ ]qP sNøp I. Rßfpw D{K aq¿Øn bpsS Z¿i\
kv]¿i \ ßsfsIm≠v Rß fpsS at\m hm RvOn X ßsf
t\Sns°m≈mw'. C{]Imcw Hcp h≥ I]Sw {]tbmKn®
t∏mƒ AXv sIm  ≠v t]m∏≥am  sc√mhcpw Ah  c  h  cpsS
AlhrØn (D]Poh\w)°mbn hymPw {]h¿Øn®p. hn{K
lßsf ÿm]n®p'' (kXym¿Y {]Imiw, t]Pv 510˛511).
Gsd alØcsa∂v sIm´ntLmjn°p∂ hn{Klßfp
sSbpw AXnt\mS\p_‘n® BtLmjßfpsSbpw Imcy
ImcWßfmWv Zbm\µkckzXn ChnsS hniIe\w sNbv X
_lp ssZhhnizm k w Hcn °epw ]cn l cn °m \m hmØ ]cm P b Øn te 
°mWv a\p jys\ sIms≠ Øn °p I. tLmc h \ Øn te s° Øp∂ am¿K 
Øn eqsS hgn sX‰n ° s∏´ bm{Xn I≥ AXns‚ HSp hn¬ hcm \n cn °p∂
A] ISw Is≠∂v hcn √. bm{X Ah km \n °p tºmƒ Xm≥ NXn ° s∏´p
F∂v Adn ™Xv sIm≠v bm{Xn I\v Hcp {]tbm P \hpan √ Xm\pw.
2013 G{]n¬ 46
Xv . CØcØnep≈ BNmcßfpw Bcm[\Ifpw
\SØnbXv sIm≠v a\pjy\v Fs¥¶nepw Xc
Ønep≈ KpWapt≠m F∂v sslµh ktlmZ
c≥am¿ Nn¥n°Ww. hn{Klßfn¬ ssZhsØ
k¶¬∏n®Xv sImt≠m GIm{KX°v th≠ntbm
BWv R߃ hn{Klmcm[\ AwKoIcn°p∂Xv
F∂v tNmZy߃°pap∂n¬ ]nSn®p\n¬°m≥
th≠n Nne¿ ]dbmdp≠v. Imcyem`Øn\pw, D±n
jv TImcykm[yØn\pw i{Xp\n{KlØn\pw awK
eyku`mKyØn\psams°bmWv lnµpaX hnizm
kn  Iƒ Aº  e  ß  fn¬ t]mIp  ∂Xpw hn{K  l 
ßsf ]qPn°p∂Xpsa∂pw B¿°mWv Adn™p
IqSmØXv .
hn{Klmcm[\ bYm¿Y ssZhmcm[\bs√
∂pw AXpsIm≠v Cuizc kmao]yw kn≤n°p
hm≥ km[yas√∂pw bp‡n`{Zamb sXfnhpI
tfmsS Zbm\µ kckzXn hniZoIcn°p∂p: ""]c
taizc≥ k¿hhym]nbmbncnt° Hcp hkv Xphn¬
am{Xw ]ctaizcs\ `mh\sIm≠v k¶¬]n°p
Ibpw as‰mcnSØpw A∆Æw k¶¬]n°mXncn
°pIbpw sNøp∂Xv, N{Ih¿Ønbmb Hcphs\
Ahs‚ kakvX km{amPyØn¬\n∂pw ]rYI
cn®p sNdnsbmcp IpSnens‚ kzmanbmbn hnNm
cn°p∂Xv t]msebmWv. AXv k¿h`ua\v F{X
henb A]am\amsW∂v BtemNn®p t\m°p
I. (Z  bm  \µ kc  kz  Xn, kXym¿Y {]  Im  iw,
t]Pv 515)
hn{Klmcm[\: Izp¿Bs‚ \ne]mSv
kIe a\pjycpsSbpw a\n¬ Cuizchn
izmkw IpSnsIm≈p∂p. a[yIme bqtdm∏nse
{InkvXpaXØns‚ \nem]mSpItfmSp≈ kzm`m
hnI {]Xn  I  c  W  ambn DS  se  SpØ B[p  \nI
\ncoizchmZØns‚ ]nimNp_m[tb‰ \yq\m¬
\yq\]£amb Nnesc am‰n\n¿Ønbm¬ F√m
h cpw k¿h i ‡ \mb A√m lp hns\ AwKo I
cn°p∂hcmWv. temIm¥yw hsc \ne\n¬°psa∂v {kjv
Smhv hmKvZm\w sNbvX {KŸamb Izp¿B\n¬ G‰hpw A
[nIw FSpØv ]d™Xv _lpssZhmcm[\bpsSbpw hn{K
l]qPbpsSbpw \nc¿YIXsb°pdn®mWv. kaqlßfne[n
Ihpw hn{Klmcm[\bnte°v hgpXnhogm≥ km[yItfsd
bp≈Xv sIm≠mWnXv. `uXnI hnZym`ymktam ]m›mXy≥
kwkvImctam a\pjys\ hn{Klmcm[\bn¬\n∂v XSbm≥
]cym]vXa√. hn{Klmcm[\bnem≠pt]mb k\mX\ [¿a
Øns‚ h‡m°sf GIssZhmcm[\bnte°v XncnsI sIm
≠pt]mIm≥ kzman Zbm\µ kckzXnt°m, cmPmdmw tam
l≥ tdmbnt°m, dmWtUt°m Ign™n√. hn{Kl]qPsb
hna¿in® k\ymknamcpsS Xs∂ hn{Kl߃ A\pbmbn
Ifm¬ {]Xnjv Tn°s∏Sp∂ Ahÿbpw kwPmXambn. CØ
csamchÿbv°v ImcWw ]eXmWv. thZ{KŸßfnse hm
IyßfpsS ]ckv]c sshcp[yamWv CXnsem∂v. a\pjys‚
CS s] S em Wn Xn\v Imc Ww. as‰m ∂v GI ssZh hnizm k 
Ønte°v £Wn°s∏Sp∂ hnizmknIƒ°v GIssZh hn
izmkØne[njvTnXamb I¿acoXnIfpw Bcm[\mk{ºZm
bßfpw kmaqlnIacymZIfpw GsX∂v Nq≠n°mWn°m≥
lnµpaX t\Xm°ƒ°v Ign™n´n√ F∂p≈XmWv.
A√mlp AhXcn∏n® ap≥Ime thZ߃ Zp¿hymJym
\w sNøpIbpw hfs®mSn°pIbpw sNbvXt∏mƒ Ahkm\
thZ{KŸamb Izp¿B≥ AhXcn∏n®p. C\n Hcp {]hmN
I≥ hcm\n√mØXn\m¬ a\pjycpsS ssIISØepIfn¬
\n∂v A√mlp {]kvXpX thZ{K ŸsØ kwc£n®p. A 
Xv sIm≠pXs∂ ssZhnIsa∂v kzbw AhImis∏Sp∂ Htc
Hcp thZ{KŸamWv C∂v `qanbnep≈Xv . AXmWv Izp¿B≥.
Izp¿B≥ apgph≥ ssZhhN\ßfmWv. Izp¿B\nI hN
\ßfpsS {]mtbmKnI PohnXamWv aplΩZv \_n ImWn®v
X∂Xv. aplΩZv apkvenwIfpsS {]hmNI\√. Ahkm\
\mƒ hscbp≈ apgph≥ a\pjycpsSbpw amXrIm]pcpj\pw
{]hmNI\pamWt±lw.
C∂sØ sslµ h k aq l tØ °mƒ A[nIw hn{K l 
ßsf ]qPn®ncp∂ Hcp kaqlØnte°mWv BZyambn {]
hmNI≥ \nbp‡\mhp∂Xv. aZyw, NqXm´w, hy`nNmcw, \
·Xm {]Z¿i\w XpSßnb kIe Xn∑ Ifpw B P\ß fn
GI ssZhhnizmkw, ac Wm \ ¥c PohnXw XpS 
ßnb ASn  ÿm\ hnizm  k  ßfpw AXns‚
hnhn[ cq] Øn ep≈ ka¿Y \ ßfpw hni Zo I 
c W ß fp a S ßp∂ hn⁄m \ ß fmWv thZ ß 
fn¬\n∂v \ap°v e`n°p∂Xv. hn{Klmcm[\bm
Is´ Ak Xyhpw A_ ≤ ß fp amb sI´p I Y I 
fm¬ \n_n U am Wv . thZ ßƒ a\p jys‚ _p 
≤nsb sXm´p W¿Øp Ibpw Nn¥ Isf Pzen ∏n 
°p Ibpw sNøp tºmƒ hn{K lm cm [\ a\p jy 
s‚ B{KlsØ NqjWw sNøp∂p.
2013 G{]n¬ 47
¬ D≠mbncp∂p. F∂m¬ aZy]m\tØ°mfpw
hy`nNmctØ°mfpw henb Xn∑bmbn {k„mhv
Nq≠n°mWn®Xv hn{Klmcm[\bmIp∂ Xn∑bm
Ip∂p. _lpssZhmcm[\sb Hcn°epw am∏¿ln
°mØ ]m]ambmWv Izp¿B≥ ]cnNbs∏SpØp
∂Xv .
""Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp Xt∂mSv ka`mh\
sNø  s∏  Sp  ∂  Xns\ £an  °  bn  √. AX  √m  Ø 
Xns\ Ah≥ CjvSs∏Sp∂h¿°v £an®v sImSp
°pIbpw sNøpw A√mlphnt\mSv Hcph≥ (a
t‰sX¶nepw) kaXzw I¬∏n°p∂Xmbm¬ A
h≥ hepXmb ]m]w sNbvXpt]mbn.'' (kpa¿)
""\n›bambpw A√mlp Aht\mSv (as‰¥n
s\sb¶nepw) ]¶v tN¿°p∂Xv s]mdp°pIbn
√. AX√mØXns\ Ah≥ CjvSs∏Sp∂h¿°v
Ah≥ s]mdpØv sImSp°pw. A√mlphn\p Hcp
h≥ ka≥amsc I¬∏n°p∂Xmbm¬ Ah≥ hnZq
camb ]nghv ]ng°pIbs{X sNbv Xn´p≈Xv .'' (ep
Jv am≥)
a\pjycpsS {]m¿Y\Iƒ tIƒ°m\pw DØ
cw \¬Im\pw Ignhp≈Xv Ahs‚ {kjvSmhmb
A√mlphn\v am{XamWv. Bcm[\ Ah\v am{Xw
AhImis∏´XmWv. AXvsIm≠pXs∂ a‰v h
kv Xp°sftbm hy‡nIsftbm Bcm[n°p∂Xv
G‰hpw henb ]m]hpw G‰hpw henb A{Ia
hpamsW∂v Izp¿B≥ DW¿Øp∂p. _lpssZ
hXzØns‚ BNmc߃ ImgvNbn¬ h¿Wi_
famWv. ]qchpw B\®abhpw Icnacp∂v {]tbm
Khpw Bchßfpw BfpIsf {Xkn∏n°p∂ a‰v
At\Iw ]cn]mSnIfpw \nd™Xmbncn°mw. ]
s£ AXneIs∏´ a\pjys‚ Ahÿ Ahs‚
{kjvSmhmb A√mlp hnhcn°p∂Xv ImWpI:
""A√mlphn\v Hcph≥ ka≥amsc k¶¬]n°p
∂Xmbm¬ Ah≥ BImiØn¬\n∂v hoWn´v
]£n Ahs\ dm©ns°m≠v t]mhpItbm, Im‰v
Ahs\ Hcp hnZqcÿetØ°v ASn®psIm≠p
t]mhpItbm sNbvXn´p≈Xv t]mse BIp∂
XmWv.'' (A¬ l÷v)
a \p jy\v AXy [nIw Bh iy ap≈ Imcy 
߃ t\Sm≥ th≠nbmWv Ah≥ {]m¿Yn°p∂
Xv. {]m¿Yn°p∂ hnizmknbpsS Bhiy߃ Adn™v G
‰hpw A\ptbmPy amb coXnbn¬ Ahs‚ B{Klw \nh¿
Øn°m≥, k¶Sßsf am‰m≥, {]bmk߃ AI‰m≥ Ign
hp≈ h\mWv A√mlp. F∂m¬ krjvSnIƒ Ah¿ F{X
alm≥amcmbmepw Ah¿°v {]m¿Yn°p∂hs‚ {]m¿Y\
tIƒ°mt\m Ah\v DØcw \¬Imt\m Ignbn√ F∂v Izp¿
B≥ hy‡am°p∂p ""Ah≥ A√mlphn\v ]pdsa Ah\v
D]{Zhtam D]Imctam sNømØXns\ hnfn®v {]m¿Yn°p
∂p. CXs{X hnZqcamb hgntISv.''(l÷v )
ssZhßfpsS FÆw aq∂n¬ ]cnanXs∏SpØnbXv sIm
t≠m c≠n¬ Ahkm\n∏n®Xv sImt≠m AXv _lpssZh
hnizmka√mXmIp∂n√. {InkvXob ktlmZc≥am¿ ]nXm
hv ˛]p{X≥˛]cnip≤mflmhv F∂ aq∂v ssZhßfnemWv hniz
kn°p∂Xv. F∂m¬ A√mlphns\ IqSmsX Bsc hnfn®v
{]m¿Yn®mepw AXv ISpØ A{IaamIp∂p. tbip alm
\mb {]hmNI\mWv. ]s£ At±ltØmSp≈ {]m¿Y\
ISpØ kXy\ntj[amWv . ""A√mlp aq∂n¬ Hcph\mIp∂p
F∂v hmZn®hcpw Xo¿®bmbpw \ntj[nIfmbncn°p∂p. F
s¥ ∂m¬ GI ssZ h a √mØ Hcp ssZhhpw C√ Xs∂˛A 
h ¿ Xß fpsS CØcw hmZ ß fn¬\n∂v hnc an ®n s√ ¶n¬,
Ahcn¬ \ntj[nIfmbhsc thZ\tbdnb in£ _m[n
°pI Xs∂ sNøpw. C\nbpw Ah¿ ]›mØ]n°pIbpw
Aht\mSv am∏t]£n°pIbpw sNøp∂nt√? A√mlp Gsd
am∏cpfp∂h\pw Zbm]c\pat√m'' (A¬ amCZ 73˛74)
_lpssZhXzw sImSnb ]m]amsW∂v hn{Klmcm[I
tcmSv ]dbs∏´m¬ AXns\ \ymboIcn°m≥ th≠n Hcp]mSv
IYIƒ hn{Klmcm[I¿ ]dbp∂p. C¥ysb kw_‘n®n
StØmfw Bbnc°W°n\v ssZhßfpw AhcneqsSb√msX
A¤pXIrXyßfpw hym]Iamb coXnbn¬ {]Ncn∏n°s∏
Sp∂p. B[p\nI hnZym`ymkw kn≤n®hcpw ]mac≥amcpw
A‘hnizmkØns‚ Imcy Øn¬ Xpey cmWv. sFXnly 
ßfn¬ ]cma¿in°s∏´ ssZhßfpsS IY bYm¿YØn¬
IY am{XamsW∂pw hn{K lmcm[Icpw AhcpsS ]q¿hn
_lp ssZ hm cm [\ Hcp kaq l Øn¬ ta¬ssI t\Sp tºm ƒ
A√m lp hns‚ in£ B kaq lsØ ]nSn Iq Sp sa∂v ap ≥ 
Ime A\p`hßsf Nq≠n°mWn®v Izp¿B≥ \tΩmSv DW
¿ Øp ∂p. _lp ssZ hm cm [\ hy‡n ] c ambn ZpxJhpw Zpcn 
Xhpw Xocm\jvShpamWv hcpØnhbv°pI. {]IrXn Zpc¥ß
ƒ°pw `o Xn X amb Ah ÿ Iƒ°pw ASn ÿm \ ] c ambn Izp 
¿B≥ Nq≠n°mWn°p∂ ImcWw _lpssZhmcm[\bs{X.
2013 G{]n¬ 48
Icpw hnfn® \ma߃ am{XamWv Ahsb∂pw
AX√mØ Hcp sXfnhpw hn{Klmcm[IcpsS
ssI h i an s√∂pw Izp¿ B≥ hy‡ am °p ∂p.
ASnÿm\clnXamb hn{Klmcm[IcpsS X¿°
sØ°pdn®v Izp¿B≥ tNmZn°p∂p: ""A√mlp
Hcp {]amWhpw AhXcn∏n®n´n√mØ Ipsd t]
cpIsf sNm√n \n߃ Ft∂mSv X¿°n°pIbm
tWm?'' (A¬ AAvdm^v ˛71)
_lpssZhmcm[\ Hcp kaqlØn¬ ta¬
ssI t\Sptºmƒ A√mlphns‚ in£ B kaq
lsØ ]nSnIqSpsa∂v ap≥Ime A\p`hßsf
Nq≠n°mWn®v Izp¿B≥ \tΩmSv DW¿Øp∂p.
_lpssZhmcm[\ hy‡n]cambn ZpxJhpw Zpcn
Xhpw Xocm\jvShpamWv hcpØnhbv°pI. {]
IrXn Zpc¥ßƒ°pw `oXnXamb AhÿIƒ 
°pw ASnÿm\]cambn Izp¿B≥ Nq≠n°m
Wn°p∂ ImcWw _lpssZhmcm[\bs{X.
""CXv Ipsd \mSpIfpsS kw`hIYIfmWv.
\mw Xm¶ƒ°Xv ]d™v Xcp∂p. Ahbn¬ Nn
eXv C∂pw \ne\n¬°p∂p≠v. NneXv \in®v
t]mbncn°p∂p. \mw AhtcmSv A{Iaw sNbvXn
´n√. Ah¿ XßtfmSv Xs∂ A{Iaw {]h¿Øn
°pIbmbncp∂p. A√mlphns‚ hn[n kamKX
ambt∏mƒ, Ah¿ A√mlphns\ shSn™v {]m
¿Yn®v sIm≠ncp∂ ssZh߃s°m∂pw H´pw Xp
W°m\mbn√. ZpcnXhpw \mihpa√msX Ah
Hcp {]tbmP\hpw sNbvXn√.'' (lqZv 100˛111)
hn{K lm cm [ \ bpsS A¥ c ^ e amb Cl 
temI \nµyXbn¬\n∂pw ]ctemIØnse imiz
X amb \jvS Øn¬\n ∂pw a\p jy≥ tamNn X 
\mbn hnP b {io em fn X \mhW sa ∂mWv Izp¿
B\ns‚ Xm¬]cyw. Fßs\ hn{Klmcm[\sb \ymboI
cn°p∂h¿°pw AXns‚ bp‡niq\yX t_m[ys∏Sp∂
coXnbn¬ Izp¿B≥ \tΩmSv DW¿Øp∂p: ""P\ßsf! Hcp
DZmlcWw \n߃ \√hÆw ({i≤n®v tIƒ°pI. A√m
lphns\ IqSmsX \n߃ BtcmSv {]m¿Yn°p∂pthm Ah
sc√mw H∂mbn tN¿∂ncp∂mepw Hcp Cu®sb t]mepw
Ah¿ krjv Sn  °p  I  bn  √. F∂m¬ Cu® Ah  cpsS
]°¬\n∂v h√Xpw X´n sb Sp °p I bm sW ¶n¬ Ah¿°v
AXns\ AXns‚ ]°¬\n∂v Xncn s® Sp °m\pw Ign bpI 
bn√. {]m¿Yn°p∂h\pw {]m¿Yn°s∏Sp∂hbpw Zp¿_e
cmWv. A√mlphns‚ \nesb Ah¿ th≠Xv t]mse ]cn
KWn®dnbp∂n√. \n›bambpw A√mlp _ehm\pw t{ijv T
\pamIp∂p.'' (A¬ l÷v)
ta¬ kqNn ∏n® kq‡ Øns‚ ]›m Ø e Øn¬ \mw
Nn¥n°pI. F{Xtbm Aºeßfn¬ hn{Kl߃°v \nth
Zyßf¿∏n°p∂p. ]mepw tX\pw shÆbpsa√mw \nthZy
ß fmbn a\p jy c¿∏n °p∂ {]kvXpX hn{K l ßƒ Hcp
Cu®sb F¶nepw krjvSn®p F∂v Bcpw AhImis∏Sn
√. C\n Cu® {]kvXpX \nthZyßfn¬\n∂v h√XpsaSp
Øm¬ AXpt]mepw Xncn®v taSn°m≥ hn{Kl߃°v km[y
hpa√. AXn\v t]mepw IgnbmØ hn{Kl߃°v \ΩpsS
ZpxJ߃ AI‰m\pw IjvSXIƒ \o°m\pw {]iv\߃
]cnlcn°m\pw km[ya√. F∂v am{Xa√ \sΩ krjvSn®
km£m¬ ssZhØn\v \tΩmSv henb tIm]w D≠mhpIbpw
sNøp∂p.
{]hm N I≥ bqkp ^ns‚ hm°pIƒ Izp¿B≥ D≤
cn°p∂p: ""A√mlphnt\msSm∏w ]¶mfnIsf Btcm]n°m≥
\ap°v Ah Im i an √. (A h≥ \sΩ Xs∂ IqSm sX bp≈
Bcp  sSbpw ASn  a  I  fm  °n  bn√ F∂  Xv ) bYm¿Y  Øn¬
A√mlp \tΩmSpw AJne a\pjytcmSpw sNbvX A\p{K
lamIp∂p. ]s£ A[nI P\hpw \µn ImWn°p∂n√.
A√tbm kplrØp°sf, kzbw Nn¥n®v t\m°pI, hn`n
∂ cmb ]e ssZhß fmtWm, AX√ k¿hsØbpw AXn
Pbn°p∂ GI\mb A√mlphmtWm DØaw? Ahs\
IqSmsX \n߃ Bcm[n®v sIm≠ncn°p∂sX√mw Xs∂
\nßfpw \nßfpsS ]q¿h ]nXm°fpw krjvSn® Nne t]cp
If√msX bmsXm∂pa√. A√mlp AXn\v Hcp {]amWhpw
AhXcn∏n®v X∂n´n√. B⁄m]n°m\p≈ A[nImcam
Is´ A√mlphn\√msX a‰m¿°pan√. Ahs\ IqSmsX
a‰mscbpw Bcm[n°cpsX∂v Ah≥ I¬∏n®ncn°p∂p.
AXs{X icn°pw sNm∆mb PohnXam¿Kw. ]s£ A[nI
]mc º cy am b sX√mw hnip ≤hpw AXv sIm≠p Xs∂ tNmZyw sNømsX
al Xz h¬° cn ° W sa∂v [cn °p Ibpw sNøp∂ hnizm kn Iƒ X߃
sNøp∂ {]hrØnbpsS `oIcX a\nemt°≠Xp≠v. k\mX\[¿aØn
s‚ t]cn em bmepw al Ømb kwkvIm c Øns‚ Imh¬` S≥am¿ F∂
\n e °m bmepw hn{K lm cm [\ \ymbo I cn °m hp ∂ X√. ssZh tIm]w £ 
Wn ®v hcpØn kzbw \jvS Øn e I s∏ ´v \nXy \ c I Øn te°m ] Xn ®m ¬
c£n °m \m cp ap ≠m hn √
2013 G{]n¬ 49
P\hpw Adnbp∂n√.'' (bqkp^v 39,40)
{kjvSmhmb ssZhw ITn\ambn shdp°p
Ibpw `qanbnsebpw ]ctemIØnsebpw Cuiz
cs‚ im]Øn\pw tIm]Øn\pw CSbmhpIbpw
sNøp∂ hn{K  lm  cm  [\ a\p  jys‚ ]ptcm  K 
Xnt°m tam£ Ønt\m \nZm \ a s√∂v hfsc
hy‡amWv. ]mcºcyambsX√mw hnip≤hpw
AXv sIm≠pXs∂ tNmZyw sNømsX alXz
h¬°cn°Wsa∂v [cn°pIbpw sNøp∂ hnizm
knIƒ X߃ sNøp∂ {]hrØnbpsS `oIcX
a\  n  em  t°  ≠  Xp  ≠v . k\m  X\[¿a  Øns‚
t]cn  em  bmepw al  Ømb kwkv Im  c  Øns‚
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cm [\ \ymbo I cn °m hp ∂ X√. ssZh tIm]w
£Wn®v hcpØn kzbw \jvSØneIs∏SpØn
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≠mhn√. acWtØmSv IqSn PohnXw Ahkm\n
°p ∂n √. G‰hpw henb ]m]w shSn ™m¬
am{Xsa ssZhnIamb kXy߃ \ΩpsS lrZb
ßfn¬ shfns∏SpIbp≈q. Cu temIØv A‘
hn  izm  k  ßsf apdp  sI  ∏n  Sn  °p  ∂  h¿°v Hcp
]t£ t\Xm°≥amcpsSbpw a‰pw ]n¥pWbpw
kvt\lap≠mbncn°pw. ]s£ A√mlphns‚
kv t\lØn\pw Xr]v Xn°pw Ahc¿lcmbncn°p
Ibn√. hy‡amb Cu bmYm¿Yyw a\pjytcm
Sp≈ KpWImw£sIm≠mWv A√mlp a\pjy
kaqlsØ Adnbn°p∂Xv. ssZhnIsa∂v \qdv
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ambn \ne sIm ≈p ∂ Xv. Cu ssZh k tµ i Øn¬ kwi bn 
°p∂htcmSv A√mlp DW¿Øp∂p.
""\ΩpsS Zmk\v \mw AhXcn∏n® Znhyktµißfn¬
\n߃°v kwi b ap s≠ ¶n¬ CXv t]mse bp≈ as‰mcp
A[ymbsa¶nepw sIm≠v hcnI. AXn\v \nßsf klm
bn °m≥ GI ssZ h sam gn sI bp≈ kI e scbpw hnfn ®p 
sImƒI; \n߃ kXyhm≥amcmsW¶n¬. \n߃°Xn\v
Ign ™n ´n s√ ¶n¬ C\n \n߃°Xv Ign bp I bp an √. a\p 
jycpw I√pIfpw C‘\ambn IØn°s∏Sp∂ \cIsØ
\n߃ kq£n°pI. \cIw kXy\ntj[nIƒ°v th≠n
Xøm¿ sNøs∏´XmWv'' (A¬_Jd 23˛24).
\ocp d h Iƒ! ImcWw At± l Øns‚
IqsS At∏m gp ≠m bn cp ∂Xv ]{¥≠v
C{kmtb¬ tKm{XßfmWt√m. aqk
\_nbpsS Iønse hSn Ct∏mƒ ]mºm
bnt´m ]mºpIfpsS Iq´ap≠mbnt´m Zmln
®p h e ™ h¿°v h√ {]tbm P \ hp ap 
t≠m? H cp hSn bn eqsS Xs∂bp≈ {k 
jvSmhns‚ Aam\pjnIX \sΩbpw A
ºc∏n°p∂nt√? Xs‚ IqsS \n¬°p
∂hcpsS am{Xa√, km[mcW C{kmbo
¬ {]PIƒ IqSn ^tdmhbpsS a¿ZZI`
c  W  Øn¬ s]m  dp  Xn  ap´n aqk \_n 
bpsS IqsS ]memb\w sNøm≥ Xocp
am\n°p∂p. Ahkm\w ap≥Iq´nbp≈
πm≥ A\pkcn®v aqk \_n cm{Xn
]pds∏Sp∂p. CXv a\nem°nb ^tdm
hbpw Iq´cpw F√mhscbpw H‰bSn°v
Ahkm\n∏n°mw F∂v IcpXn k¿hm
bp[ k÷cmbn At±ltØbpw A\p
bmbnIsfbpw ]n¥pScp∂p. sN¶Sens‚
XocsØØptºmgmWv Xßsf apgph\m
bn \in∏n°m\p≈ ^tdmhbpsSbpw kw
L  Øns‚bpw hchns\ ]‰n aqk \_n
 Adnbp∂Xv. B kabØv Nne¿ \n
ehnfn°p∂p. aqkmbpsS kwLØn
¬ Xs∂ bp≈ Nne¿ At± lsØ B 
t£]n°p∂p. F∂m¬ At±lw Ahsc
kam[m\n∏n®tijw Xs‚ hSntbmSpIq
Snb Ic ß fp b¿ Øn At] £n °p ∂p.
AXn\p e`n°p∂ adp]Snbpw˛""\o sh
≈Øn¬ ASn°q aqkm...'' At±lw A
{]Imcw ASn°ptºmƒ sN¶S¬ c≠mbn
]nf¿∂psIm≠v aqk°pw kwLØn
\pw adpIcbnte°v c£s]Sm\p≈ Hcp
DWßnb ]mXbmWp≠mIp∂Xv ! Hcn°
¬IqSn Nn¥n®pt\m°p: Cu kp{][m\
L´Ønepw At±lØns‚ Iønep≈Xv
t\  csØ ]e  X  hW ]mºmbn amdp  I 
bp  w, ]n∂oSv sh≈w ]pd s∏ Sphn°pI
bpw sNbvX AtX hSn! Ct∏mƒ ]mºm
bnt´m, AXpas√¶n¬ ASn°ptºmƒ Ip
sd  °qSn sh≈w hcnIbpw sNbvXmepw
ChnsS h√ {]tbmP\hpapt≠m?
At∏mƒ {]]©{kjvSmhv Hcp A
¤pXw ImWn°Wsat∂m, AXpas√¶n
¬ Hcp A¤pX {]h¿Ø\ØneqsS B
scsb¶nepw c£n°Wsa∂v IcpXnbm¬
{]hmNI∑msct]mepw Aºc∏n®psIm
≠v AXv \n¿hln°m≥ A√mlphn\v
bmsXmcp {]bmkhpan√. B Ahkc
ßfnse√mw {]hmNI≥am¿ ]et∏mgpw
Hcp \nanØw am{XambnØocpIbmWp
≠mhp∂Xv. F∂m¬ CØcw k∂nKv[
L´ßfnepw DS≥ Ah¿°v {kjv Smhns‚
klmblkvXw e`n°p∂Xn\v ImcWw
A√mlpthmSv am{Xamb AhcpsS {]m
¿ Y \ bpsS ^e a √msX as‰ ¥mWv? N p 
cp°n ]d™m¬ CØcw A¤pXZr„m
¥ßƒ A√mlphn¬ \n∂v am{Xta D
≠mhq. AX√msXbp≈ tIhew AhIm
ihmZßsf√mw \nc¿YIßfmWv.
˛sI. _n. A_vZp¬ eØo^v
(5mw t]Pn¬ \n∂v XpS¿®)
2013 G{]n¬ 50
A _q A ao≥ 
k≥am¿Ksa∂ alm A\p{Klw
]c a Im cp Wn I \mb A√m lp hns‚
A\h[n A\p{Kl߃ BkzZn®p Po
hn°p∂hcmWv \mw HmtcmcpØcpw. ssh
hn  [y  ß  fmb B A\p  {K  l  ß  fpsS
hnimeXsb Ipdn®v \sΩ t_m[ys∏
SpØp∂ {]hmNIhN\w Gsd Nn¥\o
bamWv . \_n ]dbp∂p. ""\n߃ \nß
tf°mƒ Xmsgbp≈hcnte°v t\m°pI.
\nßfpsS aosXbp≈hcnte°v \n߃
t\m°cpXv. A√mlphns‚ A\p{Klß
sf \n߃ hneIpd®v ImWmXncn°m≥
AXmWv IcWobambn´p≈Xv .'' (apkv enw)
{]hnimeamb {]kvXpX A\p{Kl
ßfpsS ]´nIbn¬ at‰Xnt\°mfpw hne
s∏´ G‰hpw henb A\p{KltaXv F∂v
tNmZn®m¬ ssZhnI am¿KZ¿i\w kzoI
cn®v PohnXw {Ias∏SpØm≥ `mKyw e
`n ® kXy hn izm kn Isf kw_ ‘n ®n S 
tØmfw {]kvXpX k≥am¿K e_v[n X
s∂bmWv G‰hpw hepXv F∂mbncn°pw
DØcw. krjvSnI¿Ømhmb A√mlphn
s‚ am¿K\n¿tZißf\pkcn®v PohnXw
\bn°m\p≈ ku`mKyw hm°pIƒ°pw
hnhcW߃°pw AXoXamWv.
Ijv SXIfpw ZpcnXßfpa\p`hn®v F
¥n\v ChnsS Pohn°p∂p? F∂ tNmZy
Øn\v ]S®hs‚ am¿K\n¿tZi߃ kzo
Icn°m≥ km[n°mØh¿°v IrXy am
sbmcp DØcw \¬IpI {]bm k am Wv.
PohnXØnse ZpcnXßfpw {]bmkßfpw
Nnesc Akzÿcm°pIbpw Bfll 
Xybnte°v \bn°pI hsc sNøptºmƒ
krjvSnI¿Ømhns‚ k∑m¿K \n¿tZi
߃ ]men°p∂h¿°v {]bmkßfpw B
izmkßfpw hnPbßfpw ]cmPbßfpw
Hcpt]mse KpWIcam°n am‰m≥ km[n
°p∂XmWv .
\_n ]dbp∂p: ""kXyhnizmknbp
sS Imcyw A¤pXIcamWv ! F√m Imcy
hpw Ah\v KpWIcw Xs∂. kXyhnizm
kn°√mØ as‰mcmƒ°pw AXp≠mhp
Ibn√. kt¥mjIcamb h√Xpw Ah\v
_m[n®m¬ Ah≥ \µn {]ISn∏n°pw.
AXh\v KpWIcamWv . C\n h√ ZpcnX
hpamWv Ahs\ ]nSnIqSp∂sX¶n¬ A
Xn¬ Ah≥ kl\ahew_n°pw. AXpw
Ah\v KpWIcamWv .'' (apkv enw)
Fßs\ Pohn°Wsa∂ Ip‰a‰ am
¿KZ¿i\tam IrXyamb ImgvN∏mtSm
C√msX ]ecpw tXm∂nbt]mse Pohn
°ptºmƒ ssZhnI am¿K\n¿tZi߃
kzoIcn®v ]S®h\v apºn¬ PohnXw k
a¿∏n® Hcp bYm¿Y hnizmkn A\n¿h
N \o b amb A\p `q Xn bnepw Bfl kw 
Xr]vXnbnepamWv Xs‚ PohnXw apt∂m
´psIm≠pt]mIp∂Xv . F¥pw Xn∂pw Ip
Sn®pw F¥pw sNbvXpw Fßs\bpw k
ºmZn®pw tXm∂nhmknbmbn Pohn°m≥
Hcp hnizm kn°v Ign bn √. ]S ® hs‚
am¿K\n¿tZi߃°\pkcn®v F¥p Xn
∂Wsa∂pw F¥v Xn∂pIqSm F∂pw
F¥v IpSn°mw F∂pw F¥v IpSn®pIq
Sm F∂pw XpSßn PohnXØns‚ F√m
taJeIfnepw Hcp apkvenan\v hy‡
amb \nb{¥Wßfpw \n¿tZißfpap≠v .
{]kvXpX \nba\n¿tZi߃ ]men
®v Pohn°p∂h¿°v Cu temIØpw ]c
temIØpw ]S® Xºpcm≥ kt¥mj
hm¿ØIfdnbn®n´p≠v . (20:123, 124) c≠p
X cw Pohn X ßfpw XΩn ep≈ A¥cw
kqNn∏n®psIm≠v ho≠pw A√mlp ]d
bp∂p ""hnizkn°pIbpw k¬I¿a߃
{]h¿Øn°pIbpw sNbvXhsc Xmgv`m
KØvIqSn \ZnIƒ HgpIp∂ kz¿KtØm
∏pIfn¬ A√mlp {]thin∏n°p∂Xm
Wv; Xo®. kXy\ntj[nIfmIs´ (Cl
temIØv) kpJa\p`hn°pIbpw \m¬
ImenIƒ Xn∂p∂Xv t]mse Xn∂psIm
≠ncn°pIbpw sNøp∂p. \cIamWv A
h¿°p≈ hmkkvYew.'' (47:12)
BXy¥nI hnPbhpw bYm¿Y ku
`mKyhpw k¥pjvSPohnXhpsams° t\
SnØcp∂ D]cnkqNnX k∑m¿Kw F√m
h¿°pw In´p∂tXm B{Kl߃ sIm
t≠m taml߃ sImt≠m am{Xw Hcm
ƒ°v t\Sn FSp°mhp∂tXm A√. {]
XypX ]S® Xºpcms‚ alØmb ]mcn
tXmjnIas{X AXv. F{X henb Bƒ
°pw Xs‚ {]nbs∏´h¿°v CXv t\Sn
s°mSp°m≥ km[yas√∂v {]hmNI∑m
cpsS Ncn{XØneqsS Izp¿B≥ \sΩ
Hm¿an∏n°p∂p. ""kz¥w PohnXkpJØn
¬ aXnad∂v Al¶cn® F{XcmPy߃
\mw \in∏n®n´p≠v. AhcpsS hmkkv
YeßfXm, Ah¿°p tijw A]q¿∆am
b√msX AhnsS P\hmkap≠mbn´n√.
\mw Xs∂bmbn (AhbpsS) AhImin.''
(28:58)
AXn \m¬ Cu al Ømb A\p {K 
lØns‚ hnebdnbpIbpw AXv \jvS
amImsX k≥am¿KØneqsS ASnbpd®v
apt∂dphm≥ Bflm¿Yambn ]cn{ian°p
Ibpw {]m¿Yn°pIbpw sNøpI. d∫v A
\p{Kln°s´!
""Ah¿ Ckvemw aXw kzoIcn®p F∂Xv Ah¿ \nt∂mSv ImWn® Zm£nWyambn A
h¿ FSpØp]dbp∂p. \o ]dbpI: \n߃ Ckvemw kzoIcn®Xns\ Ft∂mSv ImWn®
Zm£nWyambn FSpØv ]dbcpXv. {]XypX, kXyhnizmkØnte°v \n߃°v am¿KZ
¿i\w \¬In F∂Xv A√mlp \nßtfmSv Zm£nWyw ImWn°p∂XmIp∂p.''(49:17)

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