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description: tags: csrdimprpt

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Published by: anon-544177 on Jan 23, 2008
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Although there is considerable debate about the most effective uses of technology in schools,
there is also considerable consensus that open and equal access to technology is needed if we are
to prepare students for the information age. Of particular concern is whether high-poverty
schools have adequate numbers of computers, connections to the Internet, and teachers trained in
technology so that they are not disadvantaged in this respect compared with lower-poverty
schools. This section presents data on the availability of computers and barriers to use of
technology collected from principals in CSRD schools. The survey found that CSRD schools
tend to have technology plans but appear to have fewer resources and staff preparation than other
Title I schools in the area of technology

Almost all CSRD schools have technology plans. Over 90 percent of CSRD schools had a
plan that includes a goal for using technology to improve student instruction, and about 70
percent had a computer or technology coordinator.

Computer availability may be lower in CSRD schools than in Title I schools in general. For
CSRD schools the ratio of students per computer was about 10:1. Title I school principals
reported an average of 7.3 students per computer at their schools.

Most CSRD schools have some Internet accessibility. Eighty-five percent of elementary
classrooms had at least one computer, and two-thirds of computers in CSRD schools had CD
ROM, graphics display, and sound cards. Approximately 40 percent of CSRD classrooms
had at least one computer permanently connected to the Internet.

57

Table 13: Major Barriers for Using Technology for Instructional Purposes

All CSRD
Schools
(n=141)

Schoolwide
Title I Schools
(n=310)

All Title I
Schools
(n=532)

Major Barriers

Percent

Lack of teacher knowledge regarding ways to integrate
technology into the curriculum?

80.1

68.2

71.5

Lack of or inadequately trained staff?

69.6

44.5

48.9

Insufficient equipment?

66.1

62.7

54.1

Lack of software that is integrated with the school’s
curriculum?

66.1

56.4

55.7

No telephone lines or insufficient telephone lines?

56.9

37.7

40.5

Lack of technical support or advice?

48.3

53.7

46.8

Source: NLSS Principal Surveys, CSRD and NLSS Samples, Spring 1999, Section H, Q. PH16

CSRD principals were more likely to report barriers to using technology for instructional
purposes than principals in Title I schools
. For example, 70 percent of CSRD principals
reported that lack of staff or inadequately trained staff was a barrier while only 49 percent of
all Title I school principals found this a barrier. While about 57 percent of CSRD school
principals reported that the lack or insufficiency of telephone lines was a barrier to using
technology for instructional purposes, only 40 percent of all Title I school principals reported
it a barrier.

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