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ANEXA 1

CEREALE - 3$57,&8/$5,7 ,025)2/2*,&(



1.1.T L L11-L1111\11 -\ 1 L L11 L1111\11 L.
orezul
porumbul
sorgul
meiul;
-11 1L11L 1 L L111 L1111\11L L.
grul (3-5)
\N ZL1 ]Oj
secara (4)
orzul (5-8)
-L\1\11 ]LL111N j-din nodurile bazale ale tulpinii
-LNL111N L111 -L1L\11 ]1 _\1L11 g1 h\1@j.

1.2.Tulpina-L1111L11L 1\111 L11. - 111L11\LL11 ]1 _ 1\hLj
7- 111L11\LL11 ]_\1L11 g1 h\1@j
-pai (gol n interior)
-LL 1 LLN ]_\1L11 g1 h\1@j
-1\LL111L hL11 _111L _1LN ZL1L LL \ 1L L LLh LL 1hL1LL1L
libero-lemnoase
-1 1Z 1L1_1111 hL 1\11LZ 1 h111. -11 1 ]1 _ 1\hLj
-copili (la porumb).


1.3.Frunza-1L 1L11L. -nod foliar
-1LL
-limb: -lanceolat
-LL 1L1N 1L1L _11L1
-11@L1 ]1111L 1LL g1 1111j
-L1LL1LgL ]_1L1L1@111 1L 1ZL1 1111L1L1j.
UrLL1LgL1L g1 11@L1 L 1\11L g1 L11L1h1L11 L11L111L g1 ]L1 1 L11L1L1 1L1L
LL1L1L1\1 11111L LL _11 1 1111\1LhLL1 L1.
111L _111LL1111 1 1\11\1\@1LL hL _1LZ111 11 11L1L1 ..


1.4.1LL1L1 ]1\1L1j Lh1L L11\_h 1\1L1L _\1 11. -@\1gL ]@1L hLL1 _\1L11j
-1111 L1L 11 _1L1 ]\1Z
\N Z \1LZ h\1@j.


11L 1L11L 11LL1L1L1 ]11@...j. -_L11L1_ ]11NL11g 11LL1j epicarp
-mezocarp
-endocarp
-1Lh1]11NL11g h 11 j
-endospermul(85%):-h111 LL 1LL1\1
-endosperm propriu-zis
-embrion-1L@L1g]@L1L1 j.
-1 L L11L ]1L1LL1j
-1L1_11L ]11@L1j
-scutellum(cotiledon)
-epiblast





Tabelul 1.1

8QHOHSDUWLFXODULW LPRUIRORJLFHODFHUHDOH

1111L1L>LL1 Fructul L11L_>
Specia
tipul
1U1 1U1 LL >_1LU1L L
1 L 1L1U1 111>U1U1
(la locul de prindere
_L 11111L 111L
paniculului)
1U1 1U1 LL
flori n
>_1LU1L
1U1 1U1 LL
boabe n spic
(panicul)
1L11 _1 LU1L1L
boabelor
MMB (g) MH (kg)
Gru
spic 1
3-5 (2-3
fertile)
25 50
oval-1U1@1 , 1L111 ,
galben-1L_L1
30 50 77 82
`LL1 spic 1 2-3 (2 fertile) 20 40 1U1@11 , @11L1-verzuie 25 40 70
Orz
spic 3 1
25 60 (la orz)
15 30 (la
L1ZL1L j
@11L1 , L11_11L 28 58 58 80
Orez panicul 1 1 _1 1 Z\\ oval-1U1111 , @11L1 25 40 45 60
VN Z panicul 1 2-3 (2 fertile) 30 50 1U>11L11 , 11-@ 11U1L 25 35 38 60
_11LU1 [1>LU1 j cte 2 2 - Porumb
>_1L [1L1L1 j
cte 2 n alveolele
rahisului
Z [ 1L1111 j
8 24 rnduri a
20 50 boabe
rotund-LL1_1111 L1L.,
a11 , @11L1 , 1L_1L, L1L.
200 400 72 82
Sorg
panicul cte 2
[ >_1LU1L
fertil)
1500 - 3000
@1L1U1L> , 1L_111L ,
alb-LL1U_1L
25 - 50 65 - 75