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MANAGEMENT

FROM PAST TO PRESENT

PRESENTED BY- KAMAL SONI


INMANTEC, Ghaziabad
Pre-Scientific Management Era(Prior to 1880)

 The moment people begin to live & work


together, organization & management
come into exist. Therefore, management
is as old as human civilian. The great wall
of china, the egypt pyraminds amply
demonstrate that large projects requiring
managerial skills were undertaken
thousands of years ago
Stages of Management
 Modern management thought has
developed through several stages. These
stages may be classified into three
categories. These are:-
 Classical approach
 Neo-classical approach
 Modern approach
Classical approach (1880-1930)
 It concern primarily with the structure and
activities of formal organization. It focuses
attention on the functions and skills of
managers and highlights the universal
nature of management.
Neo-classical approach
Basically neo-classical approach can be
divided into two parts i.e.
 Human relation approach
 Behavioral science approach
Modern approach
Modern approach further can divide into
three categories i.e.
 Quantitative approach
 Systems approach (i.e. physical, mechanical,
biological & social)
 Contingency approach
WELCOME FOR SUGGESTIONS