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CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE 19 - 22 DE JULHO, 2010 So Paulo - SP

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE

What are Chunks of Language? Language?


A sequence of words which native speakers recognize as the natural and better way of expressing a particular idea.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE

Are there chunks in Portuguese? Portuguese ?

DENILSO DE LIMA
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CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Chunks in Portuguese: Portuguese:
em 01. bom a gente ficar de olhos b........................ abertos para saber o que ele vai fazer. trasado 02. Eu perdi o nibus! Por isto cheguei a........................ ao trabalho. om 03. Eu no quero falar c........................ ela novamente. anh 04. Acho bom voc fazer isto amanh de m........................ bem cedinho. ensando 05. O que vocs esto p........................ em fazer agora? rrumar 06. J est mais do que na hora de voc a........................ um emprego? deia 07. No fao a menor i........................ de como ele conseguiu fazer isto? ntrar 08. Para quem no est conseguindo e........................ no site, segue o link corrigido. pida 09. No cheguei a ler tudo no, s dei uma olhada r........................ e pronto. petite 10. Esta conversa sobre comida abriu meu a......................... Vamos comer?

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Chunks in Portuguese: Portuguese:
01. Ela vive pegando no meu ...................... por causa desta histria. 02. J est mais do que na hora de voc comear a fazer seu ...................... de meia. 03. O irmo dela um tremendo ...................... no saco. 04. O filho dela um ...................... frio e tanto. Tudo d errado para ele! 05. No podemos traduzir estas expresses ao ...................... da letra. 06. Quando ele ouviu a voz do pai dele, ele deu no ...................... 07. Quando o rio fundo demais algumas pessoas dizem que ele no d ...................... 08. Rodrigo levou um ...................... na bunda da namorada dele. 09. Mas que histria mais sem ...................... nem cabea. 10. Pode ir! Mas v num ...................... e volte no outro!

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE

Why learn and teach chunks?


The brain stores more sequences of words than isolated words. Because of chunks were able to speak and write fluently. Knowing lots of chunks also makes listening and reading easier as well.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
institutionalised expressions prepositional phrases idioms

Kinds of Chunks of Language

collocations

sentence heads phrases or polywords DENILSO DE LIMA


http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE

How can we teach chunks?


Before teaching chunks wed better learn how to find them. Or... As we prefer to say: NOTICE them.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE

How to notice chunks? chunks?


Reading is by far the best way to notice chunks of language. So, we have to help learners to improve their skill of NOTICING NOTICING.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Noticing chunks in dialogs: dialogs:
Dad Carl Dad Carl Dad Carl Dad Carl Dad Carl Dad Hi, Carl. Its me. Hows it going? Oh, hi, Dad. Everythings great. So, are you studying for your exams? Oh, yeah. Im working very hard this semester. Good. So what are you doing right now? Are you studying? Uh, Dad, right now Im watching a baseball game. Baseball? ... Uh, whos playing? The Yankess and the Red Sox. Really? Uh, Carl,... Lets talk again in two hours. Ok, Dad. Enjoy the game! You too. But please try and study for your exams!

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Noticing chunks in dialogs: dialogs:
Dad Carl Dad Carl Dad Carl Dad Carl Dad Carl Dad Hi, Carl. Its me. Hows it going? Oh, hi, Dad. Everythings great. So, are you studying for your exams? Oh, yeah. Im working very hard this semester. Good. So what are you doing right now? Are you studying? Uh, Dad, right now Im watching a baseball game. Baseball? ... Uh, whos playing? The Yankess and the Red Sox. Really? Uh, Carl,... Lets talk again in two hours. Ok, Dad. Enjoy the game! You too. But please try and study for your exams!

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Noticing chunks in texts: texts: I started my new job at the design company. I like it a lot. I met Brad after work. He wants to go out for dinner on Wednesday, but I already made dinner plans with some people from work, and I really want to go. Anyway, Brad never pays.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Noticing chunks in texts: texts: I started my new job at the design company. I like it a lot. I met Brad after work. He wants to go out for dinner on Wednesday, but I already made dinner plans with some people from work, and I really want to go. Anyway, Brad never pays.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE

How can learners remember chunks chunks? ?

LEXICAL NOTEBOOK

Alphabetical Order

Portuguese into English

Full of Examples

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Recording chunks: chunks:
E a, o que voc est fazendo [...]? now? now? right now? now? at this moment? moment?

So So, , what are you doing

E a, o que voc vai fazer [...]? tonight? tonight? tomorrow? tomorrow ? on the weekend?

So So, , what are you doing

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Recording chunks: chunks:
Chunks with Foot: Foot: put your foot down = bater o p have a foot in the door = estar com o p na porta

put your best foot forward = esforar-se ao mximo

put your foot in your mouth = meter os ps pelas mos

go on foot = ir p

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE

The Importance of Revisiting


Encourage your learners to look back at the language theyve recorded and do something perhaps anything with it.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Helpful Activities Memorizing short dialogs
1. Choose a very short dialog from the coursebook. If you have it on CD, let students listen to it; Have a little conversation about the dialog. Hand out the transcript ; Tell them theyll have to memorize the whole dialog as homework; In the next class, have students in pairs and theyll have to recite the whole dialog to their partner. Partners may give each other hints as necessary

2. 3. 4.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Helpful Activities What are those initials for?
1. Motivate students to record chunks of language during a period of time. These chunks are chosen by the teacher; Discuss them with students whenever possible. Ask them for examples using that specific chunk. After a couple of classes, say, 5 classes. Hand out copies of a worksheet you prepared and ask students to complete the blanks. In the blanks you have the initials of the chunks you want to revisit with them

2.

3.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Helpful Activities Teach your Chunk
Ask students to teach the class a chunk from time to time. Doing so, youll be motivating them to record, revisit and reactivate chunks. This helps them to keep chunks alive in the brain.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Helpful Activities Review Posters
Poster A Chunks Being Learned: Write only the initials of a chunk which students are having problems to remember b. t. w. / n. m. / w. a. y. g. t. d. t.? / t. y. v. m. / c. I a. y. a q.? / etc. From time to time use this poster to reactivate a chunk. Give students some hints so that they can remember what chunk is that. You can even use the Portuguese equivalence to that chunk so as to help them remembering.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Helpful Activities Review Posters
Poster B Pretty Well Learned: When most of the students can remember a chunk represented by initial on Poster A, cross the initials out and write them on Poster B. Review the chunks on Poster B once a week. When Posters A or B are full, cover it with a blank one.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
Helpful Activities Lexical Bag or Lexical Box
Ask students to write a chunk they noticed in the lesson on a small piece of paper. Students place the paper in a bag or box. In the beginning of each lesson, teacher picks 2 or 3 papers and asks students for example with the chunks. If one student do not know what that chunk means, other will have the chance to teach the chunk.

DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com

CHUNKS OF LANGUAGE
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DENILSO DE LIMA
http://denilsodelima.blogspot.com denilsolima@gmail.com