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Republicof the Philippines House of Representatives QuezonCity

FOURTEENTHCONGRESS

SecondRegularSession

HOUSEBILLNO

(lnsubstitutionof HouseBillNos.332,2520and2584)

Introducedby Reps.EdcelG.Lagman,Rufus B. Rodriguezand Ana TheresiaHontiveros- Baraquel

ANACT PROVIDINGFORA MAGNACARTAOFSTUDENTS

Be it

assemb/ed

enactedby the Senafeand Houseof Representativesof the Philippinesrn Congress

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Section1.ThisActshallbeknownasthe "Magna CartaofStudents."

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Sec.2. Declarationof Policy. - The State:

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(a)

Declaresits commitmentto protectandpromotethe rightsandwelfareof Filipinostudentsin

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accordancewith severalinternationalhumanrightsagreements,includingthe International

Conventionon Civiland PoliticalRights,InternationalConventionon Economicand Social

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Rights,theUniversalDeclarationon HumanRights,InternationalConventionon the Rightsof

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(b)

theChild,andtheConventionontheEliminationofAllFormsofDiscriminationAgainstWomen;

Declaresitscommitmentto protectandpromotethephysical,mental,spiritual,intellectualand

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socialwell-beingoftheyouth;

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(c) Declaresits commitmentto promote therightsof allcitizensregardlessof sexualorientation,

(d)

creed,socio-economicstatus,physicalcondition,politicalandreligiousbeliefsoraffiliation;

Declaresits commitmentto protectand promotethe rightsof

participateactivelyand effectivelyin the democraticprocessesof

studentsto enablethemto effectingprogressiveand

15 developmentalchangesinsociety;

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(e)

Recognizesthateducationisa rightandassuchitcanonlybeexercisedandenjoyedfullyina climatewherethe rightsand welfareof studentsand youngFilipinosare promotedand

protected;

Acknowledgesthateducationis an importantinstitutioninensuringthatallFilipinosareableto
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21 criticalandcreativethinking,andvaluesnecessaryto promotecivilliberties,humanrightsand

22 fundamentalfreedoms;

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(f)

participatefullyin nation-buildingandthesocietyandin inculcatingpatriotismandnationalism,

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(g)

Affirmsthatstudentshavethe rightto

meaningfulparticipationin decision-makingprocesses

thecraftingandformulationof polices

insideandoutsideeducationalinstitutions,especiallyin

25 affectingstudents,andthepromotionof thisrightis an integralpartof thenation'sdemocratic
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processes;

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(h) Affirmsthatthefundamentalrightto expressionofstudents,andsuchrightshallbeunabridged

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andautonomousfromtheinfluencesofeducationalinstitutions;and

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(i)

Affirmsthe students'rightto organize,whichencompassesthe rightto establishstudent

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organizations,studentunions,andstudentcouncilsandgovernments.

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Sec.3. Guiding Principles. - ThisActdeclaresthefollowingas basicguidingprinciples:

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(a)

Theformaleducationalsystembeingthe principalinstitutionalmechanismfor imparting

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knowledgeand developingskillsshallbe givenpriorityattentionand supportby the

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government.

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(b)

Educationis a rightand not a mere privilege.lt is thereforethe responsibilityof the

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Stateto providequalityeducationaccessibleto all.

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(c)

Studentorganizationsenhancedemocraticprocesseson the campus.Membershipand

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activeparticipationin studentorganizations,alliancesand federationswhichpromote

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and protectstudents'rightsandwelfareand/orcontributeto nationaldevelopmentshall

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be guaranteedbythe Stateandschoolauthorities.

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(d)

Studentorganizationsshallnot be subjectto rulesand regulationsthat undulyhamper

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theiractivitiesandareprejudicialto theirobjectivesandinterests.

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(e)

Studentcouncils/governmentsbeingthe mostrepresentativeof the studentryand the

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highestexpressionof studentpoweron the campusshallhavethe rightto participatein

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theformulationof schoolpoliciesdirectlyaffectingstudents.

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Student publicationsshall serve as the principalmedium for free expression,

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disseminationof information,and interactionamong the differentsectorsof the

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academiccommunity.

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(g)

With theirdemocraticrightsguaranteed,studentscan serveas a potentand cogent

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forceinthecountry'nationalistsocialtransformation.

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SEC.4. Definitionof Terms. - As usedinthisAct,thefollowingtermsshallmean:

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(a)Student" - any personenrolledin schoolin the secondary,post secondary,tertiary,

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graduate and postgraduateincludingthose enrolled in vocationaland technical

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education.

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(b)"School"-

any private,public or government-runand fundedacademiceducational

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institutionofferinganyor allcoursesintheabove-mentionedlevels.

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(c)"School Campus" - the totalityof all contiguousor proximatebuildings,groundsand

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otherfacilitiesdesignatedby the schoolauthoritiesas areasor facilitiesfor the use of

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theirstudents.

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(d) "Governing Board" - the highestpolicymakingbody of the schoolsuch as: Boardof

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Directors,Trusteesor Regents.

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(e)"Student Council/Government" - thebodyrepresentingthewholestudentpopulation

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in oneschoolor schoolcampuswhoseofficersareannuallyelectedat largebythe

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wholestudentpopulationpursuantto itsconstitutionandby-laws,if any.

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(f) "Council of Leaders" -

the bodycomposedofthe headsofvariousstudent

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organizationschairedbythe President/Chairmanofthe StudentCouncil.

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(g)"Tuition Fee" - Thefee representingdirectcostsof instructions,trainingandother

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relatedactivities,and the use of schoolfacilities.The term "other schoolfees"refersto

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fees which cover other necessary

costssupportiveof instruction,includingbut not

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limitedto medicaland dental,athletic,library,laboratory,and NationalStudentTraining

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Program(NSTP)fees.

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3 RIGHTTO ADMISSION,NON.DISCRIMINATIONANDQUALITYEDUCATION

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5 SEC.5. Admissionand Non-Discrimination(a)Nostudentshallbe deniedadmission,

6 expelledfrom an educationalinstitution,punishedwithdisciplinaryaction,includingmandatory

7 counseling,or deniedwelfareservices,scholarshipsandotherprivilegeson the basisof his/her

8 physicalhandicap,socio-economicstatus, politicalor religiousbeliefs,or shall pregnant

9 studentsandcertifiedreformeddrugabusersbe discriminatedagainst.

CHAPTERII

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11 Failureof or refusalby a studentto sign waiverdocumentspreparedby the school

12 administrationshallnotconstitutea groundforhis/hernon-admission.

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11 A studentshallhavethe rightto freelychoosehis/herfieldof studysubjectto existing

15 curriculaandto continuehis/hercourseup to graduationexceptin caseof academicdeficiency

16 or violationof disciplinaryregulationswhichdo notinfringeupontheexerciseof students'rights.

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18 SEC. 6. Right to Competent lnstruction and Relevant Quality Education. -

Every

19 studentshallhavethe rightto competentinstructionand qualityeducationrelevantto his/her

l0 personalandculturaldevelopmentandthatof the nation,andcommensurateto the schoolfees

11 paid, and for state institutions,public subsidiesgranted.To achievethis goal, schoolsand

22 educationalinstitutionsare requiredto enforcea writtenevaluationof the performance of

23 teachersbystudentsattheendoftheschoolterm.

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body or committeewhich

26 screensincomingfacultymembers.He/sheor theyshallbe regularlyelectedand endorsedby

27 the StudentCouncilto the schoolofficialauthorizedto appointthe membersof the screening

28 bodyor committee.

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25 There shall be at leastone studentrepresentativein the

Studentsshallhavethe rightto make a writtenevaluationof the performanceof their teacherstowardtheendoftheschoolterm.

33 SEC.7. Rightto AdequateWelfare Seruicesand Academic Facilities.- lt shallbe the

3.1 responsibilityof the school administrationto providethe studentswith adequatewelfare

35 servicesand academicfacilitiescommensurateto the schoolfeespaid,andfor StateColleges

36 andUniversities,publicsubsidiesgranted.

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Schoolauthoritiesshallendeavorto providefreeannualphysicalcheck-upto students.lt shallbe the responsibilityof schoolauthoritiesto providestudentswith adequatelaboratory, library,research,recreationandphysicaleducationfacilities.

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Denialof accessto adequatewelfareservicesand academicfacilitiesshallbe prohibited.

Theseservicesandfacilitiesshallincludethefollowing:

(a) Freeannualphysicalcheck-upto thestudents;

(b) Legalassistancein cases involvingthe exerciseand enjoymentof rightsand freedoms

stipulatedinthisAct;

(c) Counseling;

(d)Adequatelaboratory,library,research,recreationandphysicaleducationfacilities;

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I (e) Communicationssystemto ensurethat studentsare promptlynotifiedof lettersand other relevantinformation;and

3 (f) Adequate,safeandcleanhousingfacilities,suchas dormitories,forstudentsinside

4 campuses.In casethe schoolhas no in-campusdormitoriesor housingfacilities,the school

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administrationand the'studentcouncilor governmentshallbe requiredto accreditout-of- " mpusdormitories.Studentsshallbe encouragedto stayintheaccrediteddormitories.

CHAPTERIII RIGHTTO ORGANIZE

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11 SEC. 8. Right to Organize Among

12 fundamentalto the realizationof commongoalsand the promotionand protectionof common

13 interests,theStaterecognizesthe rightof studentsto organizeamongthemselves.

Themselyes. Unity and collectiveeffort being

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(a)The rightof studentsto form, assistor join organizations,alliance,or federations

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alongtheirphysical,intellectual,moral,cultural,civic,spiritualand politicalinterests

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shallnotbeabridged.

 

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(b)TheOfficeofStudentAffairs,incoordinationwiththestudentcouncilorgovernment,

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shalltake chargein the accreditationof studentorganizations.The guidelinesfor

l0 accreditationof studentorganizationsshallbe formulatedby the studentcounciland

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the headsof allstudentorganizations.

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(c) The Officeof StudentAffairsshallhavethe mandateto implementthe guidelinesand

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mediatein conflictsemergingfromthe accreditationprocess.Accreditationof student

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organizationsshallbegranteduponthesubmissionof a formalletterof applicationfor

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accreditation,constitution,listof activities,and listof officers.The Officeof Student

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Affairsmayimposesanctionson inactiveorganizations.

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(d)The Officeof StudentAffairsshallcoordinateon and off campusactivitiesof student

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organizations.

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(e)The schooladministrationshallendeavorto provide,freeof charge,a hallor building

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to house the officesof studentorganizationswithinthe premisesof the school.

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Furthermore,whenever possible the school administrationshall allow student

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organizationsto useschoolfacilitiesfreeof charge;

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(f) Actsthatimpairthe rightof studentsto organizeareprohibited:

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1. Signingof waivers or similardocumentsthat use membershipto any

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organizationas a basisfor admissionto or expulsionfrom schools,including

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the impositionof disciplinaryactions;

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2. lmpositionof unreasonablerequirementson studentorganizationsseeking

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recognition;

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3. discriminatorypoliciesin the assignmentof schoolfacilitiesand in granting

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otherprivilegesto studentorganizations;

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4.

Excessivechargesforthe useof schoolfacilities;

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Excessivefeesimposedbystudentorganizationsto members;and

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lmposition of unnecessaryrequirementsfor admission and continued

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membershipto a studentorganizationincluding,but not limitedto, hazingor

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otheractsprohibited underRA80499or theAnti-hazinglaw.

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SEC.9. Right fo esfablish a studentcouncil or government. - The Stateshallensure

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theexistenceof democraticandautonomousstudentcouncils/governments.Pursuantthereto:

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1 (a)Thereshallbeone(1)universitystudentcouncilorgovernmentforeachschool,college,

2 or universitycampusthatshallbe recognizedbytheschools,collegesanduniversities

J concerned.ltshallhaveitsownsetofofficerselectedinannualpopularelections.

4 (b)Thereshallbea ConstitutionorCharteroftheStudentCouncilorGovernmentcraftedby

5 theheador representativesofallstudentorganizationsina schoolandratifiedthrougha

6 two-thirds(2/3)votebythestudentbodythatshalllaydowntheorganization,functions

7 andresponsibilitiesofthestudentcouncilorgovernment.Representationforunorganized

8 studentsshallbeensuredforthecraftingofa draftconstitutionorcharter.

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(c)Everystudentcouncilor governmentshallhavethe rightto determineitspoliciesand programson studentactivitiessubjectto the StudentCouncilor Governmentcharterr constitutionandto schoolrulesandregulationsprovidedthatthelatterdoesnotinfringe onbasicrightsandfreedomofstudents;students; (d)ThereshallbeanindependentCommissionon Elections(COMELEC)thatshalloversee thehonest,orderly,andpeacefulconductofelectionof officersof thestudentcouncilor

15 government.The COMELECshallbe chosenfroma listof nomineesprovidedby the

16 headsof studentorganizations.The schoolmust providesufficientfunds to the

17 COMELECtoensurethatitisabletofunction;

18 (e)Thereshallbe a feeto be collectedto financetheoperationsof thestudentcouncilor

. government,the amountof whichshall be determinedby the studentcouncilor governmentin consultationwith the studentbody.The schooladministrationshall

21 facilitatethecollectionofthestudentcouncilorgovernmentwithinfifteen(15)daysafter

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(f)

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thestartofthesemesterorschoolperiod.Thegovernmentstojoin federationsor student councilor governmentshallissueto thestudentbodya financialreportat theendof its

term.To takeeffect,a proposalto increasethestudentcouncilor governmentfeeshall

requirea voteofsimplemajoritybythestudentbody.

No policyrestrictingthe rightof studentcouncilsor governmentsto join federationsor

alliancesof studentcouncilsor governmentsshall be imposedby the school

administration.

SEC.10.Recognitionof and Grantingof Privilegesfo StudentOrganizations, - No

unreasonablerequirementsshallbeimposedonstudentorganizationsseekingrecognition.

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TheguidelinesconcerningrecognitionshallbeformulatedbytheStudentsAffairsOffice

inconsultationwiththestudentcouncil

The processfor seekingrecognitionshall begin upon the submissionto the Student AffairsOfficeby the organizationconcernedof its (1) conceptpaperand constitution;and two (2) a formalletteraddressedto the StudentAffairsOfficestatingthe organization'sintentto be recognized.Recognitionwillbe grantedby the StudentAffairsOfficeuponcompliancewiththe guidelines.

At the tertiarylevel,the studentcouncilin coordinationwith the schoolstudentaffairs

officeshalltakechargeof the accreditationof studentorganizations.Theguidelinesconcerning

accreditationshall be formulatedjointly by the studentcounciland the council leaders

composedof the headsof the differentorganizations.The studentcouncilshalloverseethe

implementationof theseguidelinesandmediatein instancesof conflicts.

Thereshallbe no discriminationin the assignmentof schoolfacilitiesandthe grantingof

otherprivilegesto studentorganizations.The schooladministrationshallendeavorto provide,

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freeof charge,a hallor buildingto housetheofficesofthedifferentstudentorganizationsto use

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schoolfacilitiesfree of charge. Excessivechargesfor the use of schoolfacilitiesshall be

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prohibited.

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SEC. 11. Coordination of Student Organizations' Activities. - All on and off campus

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activitiesof studentorganizationsshallbe coordinatedof thestudentcouncil/government.

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The Committeeon Elections(COMELEC)constitutedto conductthe electionof the

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officersof thestudentcouncil/governmentshallbe composedsolelyof bonafidestudentsof the

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school.The conductofthe studentcouncilelectionshallbe heldin coordinationwiththestudent

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affairsoffice.

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SEC.12.SchoolFeesandOtherTariffs. -Withinthirty(30) daysfromthestartofa

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schoolyearthe governingboardof everyschoolshallcreatea bodyto be knownas the School

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Fee Boardwhichshallstudy,conductconsultationand thereafterrecommendon tuitionand

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otherschoolfee adjustments.At thetertiarylevelthisbodyshallbe composedof equalnumber

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of representativesfrom the

administration,academic and

nonacademic personnel,

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parents/guardians, studentsand alumniassociations.These representativesshall choosea

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chairpersonfrom amongthemselves.Greaterrepresentationshallbe givento parentsthanto

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studentsinthesecondarylevel.

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In justifying any tuitionand/orschoolfee increasebeforethe SchoolFee board,the

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schoolconcernedshallbe requiredto presentthe school'sfinancialstatementsfor the lastfive

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(5) years immediatelyprecedingthe proposalfor such increase.Refusalof the school

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administrationto showitsbooksand recordsfor inspectionbythe SchoolFeeBoardshallmean

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automaticdenialof itsproposalfor increases.

 

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The SchoolFee Boardshallnot act on a proposalto increaseschoolfees unlessthe

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studentsand their parentsare consultedat leastone hundredtwenty(120)days beforethe

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schoolyear,semesteror terminwhichthe increaseisto be effected.

 

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32 In the eventthe decisionof the SchoolFee Boardis not favorablyactedupon by the

33 schoolgoverningboard,the latter'sdecisionmay be appealedby any affectedmemberof the

3-+ schoolcommunityto the appropriateeducationagencieswithinthirty(30) days from date of

35 noticeof decision.

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37 No studentor

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hearingsconductedfor consultationpurposesshallbe properlydocumentedand circulated.To

the justifications thereforeand shallincludebut not be limitedto the holdingof meetingsand

informationrelativeto tuitionandotherschoolfees,the increasesthereof,objectionsthereto,or

parentshall be requiredto sign any contractor agreementrespecting

adjustmentsin tuitionand otherfeesas a conditionforenrollmentrequiredto signanycontract or agreementrespectingadjustmentsin tuitionand otherfeesas a conditionfor enroilmentor foranyotherpurpose.

For purposes of this section, "Consultation" shall mean disseminationof adequate

thisend,notuitionor otherschoolfee increaseshallbe allowedunlessthefollowingprocedures

areobserved:

1.)

Postingof noticeof increasein tuitionor otherschoolfees in conspicuouslocationsa

year prior to the implementationof the proposedincrease.The heads of student

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organizationsand studentcouncilor governmentofficersshallalsobe directlynotified

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aboutthe proposedincrease.

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2.)

At leastone public meetingshallbe heldwithstudents,headsof studentorganizations

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andstudentcouncilor governmentofficersto discussthe proposedincrease.Thisshall

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be attendedby the Presidentof the schooland at leastone memberof the governing

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board.Parentsof studentsshallbe allowedto attendthepublicmeetings.

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3.)

All documentspertainingto the proposedincreaseshall be made availableto the

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studentcouncilor government.

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Priorto thefinalapprovalof the proposedincrease,the studentbodyshallbe allowedto

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presenttheirpositionto thegoverningboardon theproposedincrease.

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All involuntarycontributions,exceptthoseapprovedby theirown studentorganizations,

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shallbe prohibited.

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In releasingdocuments,academicrecords,and similar certifications,schools are

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prohibitedfromimposingfeesbeyondtheactualcostof reproducingthedocuments.

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Minimumstandardsinconsultationshallbe strictlyobservedin imposingtuitionfee increases.

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SEC. 13. ProhibitionAgainst the Use of Force and Exaction of Excessiye Fees. All

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campus organizationsshall be prohibitedfrom using force in initiationand from exacting

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excessivefeesfromtheirmembers,aswellas intheirotheractivities.

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CHAPTERIV

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RIGHTTOPRTICIPATEINPOLICYMAKING

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Sec. 14. Representationin Policy-MakingProcess. -

There shall be a student

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representativein the GoverningBoardof the school.The chairman/presidentof the student

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councilor anydesignatedrepresentativechosenbytheheadsof variouslocalcollegestudent

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councilsshallbethestudentrepresentativeandshallhavethesamerightsasthoseofa regular

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member.Provided,thathis/herprivilegesshallbelimitedto reimbursementsforactualexpenses

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incurredin attendingmeetingsof the aforementionedbody:Provided,further,thatthe same

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rightsshallbegrantedtothesecondarylevel.

 

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Thestudentsshallalsoberepresentedinotherpolicymakingbodieswhichdirectlyaffect theirwelfare,especiallyin curriculumdrafting,reviewand revision,studentdiscipline,and

38 academicstandards.Therepresentativesshallbe designatedbythestudentcouncil;and

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Representativesof nationalstudentorganizationsshallactivelyparticipateandpossess votingpowersin the formulationof nationalpoliciesby governmentalagencieson matters affectingstudents'rightsandwelfareincludingtuition.

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SEC.15.Students'lnitiativeand Referendum. - Thestudentcouncil/governmentthrough

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a majorityvoteof allitsmembersshallhavetherightto initiatetheformulation,modificationor

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rejectionof a school policy affectingthe students.The propositionfor the formulation,

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modificationor rejectionof a schoolpolicyaffectingthe studentsshallbe submittedto and

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approvedby the majorityof the votes cast by all the bona fide studentsof the schoolin a

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referendumcalledforthe purpose.

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The followingareas shall be excludedfrom the power of studentson initiativeor

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referendum:(a) admission;(b) curriculum;(c) facultyrecruitmentand tenure;(d) rules on

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studentconductand discipline;(e)tuitionfees;and scholasticrules(e.9.academiccreditsand

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retentionandgraduationof students).

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SEC.16. Rightto Filean Appeal. - The studentcouncil/governmentthrougha majority

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voteof all its membersshallhavethe rightto filean appealon a decisionof any policymaking

l1 bodysubordinateto thegoverningboard.Suchappealshallbefiledwiththegoverningboard.

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13 The studentcouncil/governmentwiththe same requisitenumberof votesreferredto in

1.1 the previousparagraphmay filea motionfor reconsiderationon any decisionof the governing

15 board.

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In case of any decisionunfavorableto the students,the StudentCouncilmay file an appeal with the Departmentof Education(DepED),the TechnicalEducationand Skills

19 DevelopmentAuthority(TESDA)and the Commissionon HigherEducation(CHED),insofaras

20 the secondary,post-secondarytechnical-vocational,and tertiarystudents,respectively,are

21 concerned.

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All appealsand motionsfor reconsiderationreferredto in the previousparagraphmust befiledwithinthirty(30)calendardaysfromdateof noticeof decision.

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32 directlyor indirectlyaffectingtheirwelfareshallbe recognized.Accessto officialrecordsand

33 otherpertinentdocumentsand paperspertainingto officialacts,transactionsor decisionsshall

31 be affordedthe studentssubjectonlyto reasonableregulationshat may be imposedsuch as

35 timeforexaminingthedocumentsandotherpapersto preventlossor damageofthesame.

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46 the provisionof facilitiessuch as bulletinboardsfor the mountingof the aforementioned

47 materials.

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CHAPTERV RIGHTTO FREEEXPRESSSIONANDINFORMATIONAND RIGHTTO ACADEMIC FREEDOM

Sec. 17. Right to lnformation. - The right of the studentsto informationon matters

SEC. 18. Freedomof Expression. - Subjectto existinglaws,studentsshallhavethe rightto freelyexpresstheirviewsandopinions.Theyshallhavethe rightto peaceablyassemble and petitionthe governmentandschoolauthoritiesforthe redressof theirgrievances.Pursuant thereto,no school regulationshall be imposedviolatingor abridgingthe students'right to assembly.

Studentsshallhaveaccessto printand broadcastmediain theirinformationactivities. Theyshallalsohavethe rightto print,circulateandiormountleaflets,newsletters,posters,wall news,petitionsand suchothermaterials.Pursuantthereto,the schoolauthoritiesshallensure

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Schoolauthoritiesmay designatea certainarea on everycampusas a freedompark

wherestudentscanfreelydiscussissuesdirectlyand indirectlyaffectingthem,expresstheir

grievancesor organizeactivities.

SECTION 19.

Right

to

Publish a Student Newspaper and Other Similar

Publications.Studentshave the right to publish student newspapersand other similar

publications,print in their pagesmaterialswhichthey deem in pursuanceof their academic

freedomand freedomof expressionin accordancewith RepublicAct 7079 or the Campus

JournalismAct of 1991.Pursuantthereto,the editorialstaffof the studentpublicationshallbe

composedof students.No personwho is not a memberof the publicationshalldetermineits

content.The role of the facultyadviserin the studentpaper shall be limitedto technical

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assistance.

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The selectionof the studentEditor-in-Chiefandthe membersof the editorialboardshall

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be conductedannuallythrougha fair and competitiveexaminationto be administeredby an

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impartialBoardof Judges,whichshallbe composedof professionaljournalists, representatives

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fromthefaculty,thestudentbody.

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The editorialstaff shall observethe ethicsof professionaljournalism. lt shall be the

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responsibilityof the editorialstaffto ensurethat the studentpaperis not usedfor purposes

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contraryto law.

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The editor-in-chief/editorialstaffshall,unlesssoonerremovedfor causeand with due

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process,be assuredof securityof tenurefor the durationof his/her/itsprescribedterm. And editorialstaffshallbe assuredof securityof tenureforthedurationof his/herprescribedterm,

Thestudentpublicationshallbe financiallyautonomousfromthe schooladministration.A fee for studentpublicationshallbe collectedfrom studentsand shallbe held in trust by the schooladministration.No policyshallbe imposedby the schooladministrationto hamperthe accessof the editorialboardto the studentpublicationfund,subjectto existingregulationin the disbursementof funds. The school administrationshall also be prohibitedfrom using the aforementionedfund. At the end of each term, the editorialboardshall publisha financial statement.

35 SEC. 20. Academic Freedom - Students'academic freedomshallconsistof, but shall

36 notbe limitedto,thefollowingrights:

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(a)

To conductresearchin connectionwith academicwork, and to freelydiscussand

(b)

publishtheirfindingsandrecommendations; To conductinquiryin curricularand extracurricularactivitieswithinthe campusand in appropriatecircumstances;

(c)

To choosea field of studyfor researchand to pursuethe questfor truth;to express theiropinionon any subjectof publicor generalconcernwhichdirectlyor indirectly

affectsthe studentsor the educationalsystem;

(a)

To inviteoff-campusspeakersor resourcepersonsto student-sponsoredassemblies,

fora,symposia,andotheractivitiesof similarnature;

(b)

To express contrary interpretationor dissentingopinions inside and outside the

classroom;

(c)

To participateinthedraftingof a newcurriculumandinthe reviewor revisionof theold;

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(d) To participatein the draftingand/orrevisingof the studenthandbookwhichshallinclude

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the schoolrulesand regulations,a copyof whichshallbe furnishedthe students upon

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admissionto theschool;and

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(e) To befreefromanyformof indoctrinationleadingto imposedideologicalhegemony.

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CHAPTERVI

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RIGHTTO DUEPROCESSIN DISCIPLINARYPROCEEDINGS

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SEC. 21. Right to Due Process. - The rightto due processof studentssubjectedto

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disciplinaryproceedingsshallbe observedandrespected.

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(a) He shallhavethe rightto defendhimself,to be heardand to presentevidenceon his behalfbeforean impartialbody. (b) Thereshallbe an independentStudentDisciplinaryBoardto be composedof one (1) representativefrom the schooladministration,two (2) facultymembers,and two (2) studentsto conductinvestigationsinto and decideon cases of studentviolationsof disciplinarystandards.The memberfrom the administrationshallseryefor five years, the membersfromthe facultyfor threeyears,and the membersfromthe studentbody for one year.The facultyand studentrepresentativesshallbe endorsedby the student council/government.The StudentDisciplinaryBoardshallformulatethe guidelinesfor the impositionof thedisciplinaryproceedings (c) The blacklisting,expulsion,suspensionand othersuch disciplinarysanctionsthat may be taken againsta studentshall not be valid unlessthe followingrightshave been observedandaccordedthestudents.

ll

ll

l-+

25

26

27

l.) The rightto be informedin writingof the natureand causeof the accusationagainst him/her; 2.) The rightto confrontwitnessagainsthim/herand to full accessto the evidencein the case; 3.) The rightto defendhimself/herselfandto be defendedby a representativeor counselof

32 his/herchoice,adequatetime being given to him/herfor the preparationof his/her

3l

30

29

28

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

l0

I1

33 defense;

34 4.) The rightto a hearingbeforethe StudentDisciplinaryBoard;

35 5.)Therightagainstself-incrimination;

36 6.)The rightto appealadversedecisionof the StudentDisciplinaryBoardto the governing

37 boardandultimatelyto theappropriateeducationagencies;and

38 7.)The rightto confidentiality.

39

-+0

41 and substantialevidencepresentedat the hearing,or at the leastcontainedin the record

42 and disclosedto the studentaffected.The decidingbody should, in all controversial

43 questions,renderitsdecisionin sucha mannerthatthe issuesinvolved,andthe reasonsfor

44 anydecisionrenderedaremadeclearto thestudent.

45

46 (e) Subjectto existinglaws,a decisionon a case or complaintfiled beforethe Student

47 DisciplinaryTribunalshallbe resolvedwithinthree(3) monthsafterthe filingof sucha case

48 or complaint.

(d) The decisionin any disciplinaryproceedingmustbe renderedon the basisof relevant

l0

I

(f) The Officeof the GuidanceCounselorof the respectiveschoolsin consultationwiththe

2

StudentDisciplinaryBoardshallpublishon a periodicbasisactsthataredeemedviolativeof

3

the schoolrulesand regulationsandthe correspondingdisciplinarysanctions.Provided,that

4

such rules and regulationsdo not violatethe rightsguaranteedhereinand under the

5

Constitution.

6

7

CHAPTERVII

8

OTHERRIGHTS

9

10

SEC. 22. Right Against UnreasonableSearchesand Seizures. - Everystudentshall

l1

be freefromany formof unreasonablesearchand seizure.Exceptfor the followinginstances,

12

no searchor seizureof a studentshallbe deemedvalid:

13

(a) Searchesmadeatthe pointof ingressandegressby authorizedpersonneloftheschool;

14

(b) Searchesand seizuresof illegalarticleor articlesfallingin the plain view of duly

15

authorizedpersonnel;

16

(c) Searchesand seizuresof articlesthat are illegal,discoveredinadvertentlyby duly

17

authorizedpersonnel;

18

(d) Searchesmade when the student is about to commit, is committingor had just

19

committeda crimeor a seriousinfractionof theschool'srulesandregulations;

20

(e) Searchesmadewitha validsearchwarrant.

2l

22

Articlesseizedin violationof the hereabove-mentionedprovidedrightsshallshallnotbe

23

used as evidenceagainstthe studentin any disciplinaryactionthat may be broughtagainst

24

him/her.

26

SEC. 23. Access fo School Records and lssuance of Official Certificates. Subjectto

27

the provisionof the followingsection,everystudentshallhaveaccessto her/hisown school

28

record,the confidentialityof whichthe schoolshallmaintain.He/sheshallhavethe rightto be

29

issuedofficialcertificates,diplomas,transcriptof records,grades,transfercredentialsandother

30

similardocumentswithinthirty(30)days fromthe filingof requestand accomplishmentof all

3l

pertinentrequirements.

a a

33 SEC.24.UnpaidTuitionFeesand Examination. - Nostudentshallbe prohibitedfrom

34 takinga periodicor finalexaminationbecauseof unpaidtuitionandotherfeesnotexceeding

35 two(2)installmentsundertheestablishedtermsofpaymentprescribedbytheschoolconcerned

36 andapprovedbytheappropriateeducationagency.

. a

:S

Studentswith delinquentfees permittedto take an examinationshall neverthelessbe

39

subjectto the rightof theschoolconcernedto withholdthe releaseor issuanceof suchstudents'

40

school recordsor of the documentsmentionedin the precedingsectionor to deny such

4l

students'admissionat the nextsucceedingterm or year untilthe priordelinquenciesare fully

42

paid.

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14

.+5

SEC. 25. Securityof Tenure.ltshallbe the rightof studentsto finishtheirentirecourses of studyin a givenschool,exceptin casesof academicdeficiencyor violationsof disciplinary

46 regulations.

47

lt

1

In cases whereinthe school authoritiesrefuseto allow a studentto enrollfor the

2

subsequentsemesteror year due to the causeshereinabovestated,the studentmay appeal

3

suchrulingto the appropriateeducationagency

A

5

SEC. 26. Collectionof StudentPaper and StudentCouncil Fees. -

The school

6

administrationshallassistthestudentpaperstaffandthestudentcouncil/government,intheir

7

financialneedsthroughthe collectionof studentpaperand studentcouncilfeesfromthe

8

students.

9

l0 The studentpaperfeesshallbe heldin trustfor theirunhampereduse in the publication

I

I

ofthestudentpaper.

12

13

Thefullamountof studentcouncilfeesshallbe turnedoverto the studentcouncilwithin

14

fifteen(15)daysfromtheassumptionof officeofthe StudentCouncilofficers.

15

16

SEC. 27. Right to Privacy. - The privacyof communicationand correspondenceof

17

studentsshallremaininviolable.

18

19

SEC.29. ScholarshipGrantsand Privileges.- Oppositionto schoolpoliciesinimicalto

20

students'interestshall not be a groundfor denyingor withdrawingscholarshipgrantsand

21

privilegesto deservingstudents.

?2

13

SEC. 30. Prohibition Against Militarization of the School Campus. - The pursuitof

21

academicexcellenceandexerciseof academicfreedomcan be attainedonlyin an atmosphere

25

free from fear and unreasonablerestraint.Pursuantthereto,no militarydetachmentshallbe

26

installedon theschoolcampus.

27

Militaryelementsand/orpolicemenin uniformor in plainclothesand the schoolsecurity

28

forcesshallnot interferewith studentactivities,particularlypeacefulmassactions,insidethe

29

schoolcampus.

30

31

SEC. 31. Firearms Ban. -

Studentsshall not be allowedto carryfirearmsinsidethe

32

schoolcampus.Theyshallbe requiredto depositsuchfirearmswiththe schoolsecurityforce

33

priorto theirentryto theschoolpremises.

a 1

:S

CHAPTERVIII

36

FIINALPROVISIONS

a a

:S

SEC. 32. Rutesand Regutations.-Withinninety(90)daysfromtheapprovalof thisAct, the DepEd, TESDA, and CHED, together with the representativesof nationalstudent organizations,representativesof schooladministrationsand the NationalYouth Commission (NYC)shallpromulgatethe necessaryrulesand regulationsto implementthe provisionsof this

39

40

,+1

42 Act.

A -

44 SEC. 33. AdministrativeSancfions. -The Departmentof Education,Commissionon

45 HigherEducationandTechnicalEducationandSkillsDevelopmentAuthorityareherebyvested

46 with powersnecessaryto investigateand imposeadministrativepenaltiesto ensurethe

47 enforcementof this Act. Any student,studentcouncilor government,or nationalstudent

48 organizationsshallhavetherightto reportto anddemandaninvestigationfromtheappropriate

49 educationagencyintoanyactor actscommittedby schoolauthoritiesand/oradministrations

T2

l3

 

1

violativeof their rightas providedin this Act. As such,they may file complaintsbeforethe

2

aforementionedagenciesandshallhavethe rightto an impartialspeedyresolutionofthe issue.

a

4

The appropriateeducationagencyshall cause the suspensionor revocationof the

5

licenseor permitto operateof any school,collegeor universityfoundto be guiltyof violating

6

rights guaranteedunder this Act. A fine not less than Two HundredThousand Pesos

7

(200,000.00)but notmorethanFiveHundredThousandPesos(500,000.00)shallbe imposed

8

on anyschool,collegeor universityfoundliableforviolatingthisAct.

9

10

Upon final judgment, the appropriateeducationagency may recommendto the

11

Departmentof Justicethe prosecutionof anyschool,collegeor universitybeforea regularCourt

12

forviolatingthe provisionsofthisAct.

1

1

11

lf the offenderis a studentor a student organization,the school,collegeor university

15

shall cause, dependingon the gravityof the offense,the suspensionor expulsionof the

16

offendingstudentand/orthe suspensionor revocationof the accreditationof the offending

17

organization,includingotheradministrativepenalties,subjectto the establishmentof guidelines

18

to be craftedby the schooladministrationwith the studentcouncilor government,student

19

organizationsandthestudentbody.

t0

l1

To protectthe interestsof the students,the Stateshall,duringthe periodof suspension

22

or uponthe cancellationof license,and unlessrestrainedby the properCourt,take overthe

13

operationof theschool.

-)

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25 SEC.34.PenalProvisions. -

26 coerceanystudentintheexerciseandenjoymentof his/herrightsguaranteedbythisAct,or

27 whoshallin anyothermannercommitanyactto defeatanyprovisionof thisAct,shall,upon

28 conviction,be punishedby a fineof notlessthanFiftyThousand(P50,000.00)Pesosbutnot

29 morethanOneHundredThousand(P100,000.00)Pesosor by imprisonmentfornotlessthan

30 oneyearbutnotmorethanfiveyears,orboth,atthediscretionoftheCourt.

a 1

Anypersonwhoshallwillfullyinterferewith,restrainor

32

lf the offenderis an educationalinstitution,or any juridicalperson,the penaltyshallbe

33

imposeduponthe President,Treasurer,Secretaryor any personor officerresponsiblefor the

i-l

violation.lf the offenderis an alien,he shall,afterserviceof sentence,be deportedimmediately

35

withoutfurtherproceedingin the Bureauof lmmigration(Bl).lf the offenderis a publicofficeror

36

employee,the Courtshall,in additionto the penaltieshereinaboveprovided,orderhisdismissal

37

fromthegovernmentservice.

38

39

Refusal of any governmentofficial,includingthose working in state collegesand

40

universities,whosedutyincludesinvestigatingor actingon any complaintfor a violationof this

11

Act to performhis or her duty shall be consideredas gross negligenceon the part of such

12

officialwhoshallsuffertheappropriatepenaltyundercivilservicelaws,rulesandregulations.

43

44

Any student whose rights have been violated

as stipulatedin this Act may file

15

independentcivilcasesfor damagesagainstthe offendingpersons,naturalor juridical.He or

46

sheshallbe exemptfromfilingfees.

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+ t

48 In thisregard,the CHED,andtheTESDAshallbe empoweredto investigateintothe

49 violationsof thisActor the rulesandregulationsissuedthereunderandforthispurposeshall

l*

t

have the powerto issuesummons,writs,orders,subpoenaand subpoenaduces tecumto

2

securethe attendanceof witnessesand the productionof documentsin connectionwith the

3

chargespresentedt theappropriatebody.

 

4

5

In additionto the penaltiesherein provided,the licenseto operateof the school

6

concernedmaybe suspendedor canceledby the DepED,TESDAor CHEDin accordancewith

7

Section34 of thisAct.Thedecisionof theseeducationagenciesmaybe appealedto the proper

8

court.

9

10

SEC.35. Oversight. - The Departmentof Education,TESDAand the Commissionon

11

HigherEducationshallmonitorthe implementationof thisAct. They shallsubmitan annual

12

reportto the Officeof the Presidentand Congress.For this purpose,the aforementioned

13

agenciesmayavailthesupportof nationalstudentorganizations.

I4

15

An OversightCommitteeis herebycreatedcomposedof two (2)memberseachfromthe

16

Committeeon BasicEducationandtwo (2) membersfromthe Committeeon HigherEducation

17

of the Senateand Houseof Representatives,to be constitutedand co-chairedby the headof

18

the committeesto evaluateand monitorthe implementationof this Act. The Oversight

19

Committeeshall automaticallyconsiderthe reportsof the concernedgovernmentagencies,

l0

studentorganizations,andstudentcouncilsandgovernments.

2l

22

SEC.36. RepealingClause. - All laws,decrees,orders,rulesand regulationsor other

23

issuancesor parts thereofwhich are inconsistentwith the provisionsof this Act are hereby

24

repealedor modifiedaccordingly.

 

25

26

SEC. 37.

Separability Clause. lf

any provisionof this Act is held invalid or

27

unconstitutional,otherprovisionsnotaffectedshallcontinueto be infullforceandeffect.

28

29

SEC. 38. Effectivity. This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its complete

30

publicationinat leasttwo(2)newspapersof generalcirculation.

31

32

Approved,