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MetricConversions

LadderMethod
T.Trimpe2008http://sciencespot.net/

LadderMethod

1
2
KILO
1000
Units

3
HECTO
100
Units

DEKA
10
Units
DECI
0.1
Unit
Meters
Liters
Grams

CENTI
0.01
Unit

MILLI
0.001
Unit

4km=_________m

Howdoyouusetheladdermethod?
1st Determineyourstartingpoint.

StartingPoint

2nd Countthejumpstoyourendingpoint.

Howmanyjumpsdoesittake?

3rd Movethedecimalthesamenumberof
jumpsinthesamedirection.

EndingPoint

4. __. __.__. =4000m


1

ConversionPractice

Trytheseconversionsusingtheladdermethod.

1000mg= 1g

1L=1600mL

160cm=1600mm

14km=14000m

109g=.109kg

250m=.250km

Compareusing<,>,or=.

56cm

< 6m

7g

>698mg

MetricConversionChallenge
Writethecorrectabbreviationforeachmetricunit.
1)Kilogramkg

4)Milliliterml

7)Kilometerkm

2)Meterm

5)Millimetermm

8)Centimetercm

3)Gram g
6)LiterL
Trytheseconversions,usingtheladdermethod.

9)Milligrammg

10)2000mg=2g

15)5L=5000mL

20)16cm=160mm

11)104km=104000m

16)198g=.198kg

21)2500m=2.5km

12)480cm=4.8m

17)75mL =.075L

22)65g= 65000mg

13)5.6kg=5600g

18)50cm=.5m

23)6.3cm=63mm

14)8mm=.8cm

19)5.6m=560cm

24)120mg=.12g

Compareusing<,>,or=.
25)63cm6m

27)5g508mg

29)1,500 mL

26)536cm53.6dm

28)43mg5g

30)3.6m36cm

1)<
2)>
3)=
4)=
5)<
6)>

1.5L

Lesson1:
Length
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Englishvs.MetricUnits
Whichislonger?
A.1mileor1kilometer
B.1yardor1meter

1mile
1.6kilometers

C.1inchor1centimeter

1inch=2.54centimeters
1yard=0.9444meters
LeftImage: http://webapps.lsa.umich.edu/physics/demolab/controls/imagedemosm.aspx?picid=1167
RightImage:http://share.lancealan.com/N800%20ruler.jpg

MetricUnits
Thebasicunitoflengthinthemetricsysteminthe
meterandisrepresentedbyalowercasem.
MetricUnits
1Kilometer(km)=1000meters
1Meter=100Centimeters(cm)

Clicktheimageto
watchashortvideo
aboutthemeter.

1Meter=1000Millimeters(mm)
Whichislarger?
A.1meteror105centimeters

C.12centimetersor102millimeters

B.4kilometersor4400meters

D.1200millimetersor1meter

MeasuringLength
Howmanymillimetersarein1centimeter?
1centimeter=10millimeters

Whatisthelengthofthelineincentimeters?_______cm
Whatisthelengthofthelineinmillimeters?_______mm

Whatisthelengthofthelinetothenearestcentimeter?________cm
HINT:Roundtothenearestcentimeternodecimals.
Ruler:http://www.k12math.com/mathconcepts/measurement/rulercm.jpg

Lesson2:
Mass
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Englishvs.MetricUnits
Whichislarger?
1.1Poundor100Grams

1pound=453.6grams

2.1Kilogramor1Pound
3.1Ounceor1000Milligrams

1ounceofgold=
28,349.5milligrams

100kilogram=
220pounds

MetricUnits
Massreferstotheamountof
matterinanobject.
KilogramPrototype

Thebaseunitofmassinthe
metricsysteminthegram(g)

MetricUnits
1Kilogram(km)=1000Grams(g)
1Gram(g)=1000Milligrams(mg)

Clicktheimageto
watchashortvideo
aboutmass.

Whichislarger?
A.1kilogramor1500grams

C.12milligramsor12kilograms

B.1200milligramsor1gram

D.4kilogramsor4500grams

KilogramPrototypeImagehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kilogram

MeasuringMass
Wewillbeusing triplebeambalances
tofindthemassofvariousobjects.
Theobjectsareplacedonthescaleand
thenyoumovetheweightsonthebeams
untilyougetthelinesontherightsideof
thescaletomatchup.

Onceyouhavebalancedthescale,youaddup
theamountsoneachbeamtofindthetotalmass.
Whatwouldbethemassoftheobjectmeasured
inthepicture?
_______+______+_______=________g
300
70
3.4
373.4

TopImage:http://www.southwestscales.com/Ohaus_Triple_Beam_750SO.jpg
BottomImage:http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/biology/units/laboratory/graphics/triplebeambalance.jpg

MeasuringMassTripleBeamBalance
1st Placethefilmcanisteronthescale.
2nd Slidethelargeweighttotherightuntilthearmdropsbelowthe
line.Movetheriderbackonegroove.Makesureitlocksintoplace.
3rd Repeatthisprocesswiththetopweight.When
thearmmovesbelowtheline,backituponegroove.
4th Slidethesmall
weightonthefront
beamuntilthelines
matchup.

5th Addtheamountsoneachbeamtofindthetotalmasstothenearesttenthofa
gram.
Clickheretotryanonlineactivity.

Lesson3:
Volume
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Englishvs.MetricUnits
Whichislarger?
A.1literor1gallon
B.1literor1quart

1floz=29.573ml
112ozcanofsoda
wouldequal
approximately355ml.

C.1milligramor1fluidounce
1quart=0.946liters
1gallon=3.79liters

Itwouldtakeapproximately3
1literbottlestoequalagallon.

MetricUnits
Volume istheamountofspaceanobjecttakesup.
Thebaseunitofvolumeinthemetricsystemisthe liter and
isrepresentedby Lorl.
MetricUnits
1liter(L)=1000milliliters(mL)
1milliliter(mL)=1cm3 (orcc)=1gram*

Whichislarger?
A.1literor1500milliliters
B.200millilitersor1.2liters
C.12cm3 or1.2milliliters*

*Whenreferringtowater
LiterImage:http://www.dmturner.org/Teacher/Pictures/liter.gif

VolumeofLiquids
Wewillbeusinggraduatedcylinderstofindthe
volumeofliquidsandotherobjects.
Read the measurement based on the bottom of the
meniscusorcurve.
HINT: makesureyouareeyelevelwiththelevelofthe
water.
Whatisthevolumeofwaterinthecylinder?_____mL
43

Whatcausesthemeniscus?
A concave meniscus occurs when the molecules of the
liquid attract those of the container. The glass attracts
thewateronthesides.
TopImage:http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessment/resources/online/2006/grade8/science/images/20graphicaa.gif
BottomImage:http://morrisonlabs.com/meniscus.htm

Whatisthevolumeofwaterineachcylinder?
Payattentiontothescalesforeachcylinder.

52ml

36ml

Unitsof10

Unitsof5

23ml
Unitsof5

Imagescreatedathttp://www.standards.dfes.gov.uk/primaryframework/downloads/SWF/measuring_cylinder.swf

MeasuringLiquidVolume

MeasuringSolidVolume
Regular
Shaped

9cm

Wecanmeasurethevolumeof
regularobject usingtheformula
lengthxwidthxheight.

8cm

3
9
8
10
720cm
_____X_____X_____=_____

Wecanmeasurethevolumeof
irregularobject using
TheWaterDisplacementMethod.

275
200
AboutofH Owithoutobject=______
75ml
Difference=Volume=______
AmountofH2Owithobject=______
2

http://resources.edb.gov.hk/~s1sci/R_S1Science/sp/e
n/syllabus/unit14/new/testingmain1.htm

10cm