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HUMAN RIGHTS

Understand further our rights as citizens of a free country and how we can best safeguard these rights either naturally or legally.

What makes you happy?

person who enters a room and screams Bomb just to see the reaction of the people in the room is protected under provisions in the Bill of Rights Agree/Disagree:_______________ Why?: ______________________

Do you know your rights as a citizen of a democratic country?

Everyone in a country like Philippines enjoys rights guaranteed by the Constitution, the highest law of the land We are very lucky to be in a country like the Philippines, we enjoy many rights and privileges not enjoyed by people of countries which control the rights of their citizens. People in the communist country are under the complete control of the government. Countries in trouble or those at war are also suppressing the rights of the people

However our rights have to be continuously protected. There are reports on violations of human rights and those children in our country. Abuses of government officials and members of the military are being exposed by media .

CITIZENS HAVE RIGHTS AS WELL AS DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS

Natural rights
inherent & inalienable

Constitutional rights
the citizens rights stipulated in the national constitution Statutory rights given by laws passed by the legislature

1. Civil rights enforced by law in the pursuit of happiness and security of every citizen 2. Political rights the rights of the citizen to get involved in the governments administration and functions either in a direct or indirect manner

3. Social rights the citizens freedom to relate, interact and associate with fellow citizens 4. Economic rights the rights of the citizens to obtain their source of living and seek opportunities for a better life

Any citizen in a democratic country enjoys certain rights which are embodied in their constitution. He/she has to remember that rights have corresponding obligations and responsibilities. These are very important in a democratic society. Our rights as citizens of the Philippines are clearly specified in the 1987 constitution. These are identified in Article III The bill of Rights. Our government safeguards these rights.

CIVIL RIGHTS
All

citizens are free to relate to one another. We have the right to work and earn a living in order to attain the desired comforts and yearnings in life

1.

2.
3.

4.
5.

6.

7. 8. 9.

Right to life Right to liberty Right in the pursuit of happiness Right of domicile Right to privacy of correspondence Right against imprisonment for nonpayment of debt Right against involuntary servitude Right to education Right to unreasonable searches

POLITICAL RIGHTS
Every

citizen has the right to participate directly or indirectly in the establishment or administration of the government

1.

2.

3. 4.

5. 6.

Right to hold office in the government Freedom of speech, the press and assembly Right of suffrage Right to form associations for progress not contrary to the law Right to redress grievances Right to local self-government

SOCIAL RIGHTS
All

Filipinos have rights to relate to one another. These include the following:

1.

2.

3.

Right to form and be a member of an organization Freedom of religion or right of worship Right of speedy administration of justice

ECONOMIC RIGHTS
Our

economic rights help the citizens obtain their source of living and opportunities to discover a better life.

1.

2. 3.

4.

Right to equal opportunities in the open market Right to occupation Right to protection and peace in the workplace Freedom from unsanitary factories, stores and restaurants

Bill of Rights

Words are powerful weapons

Art. 3 sec. 4 Freedom of Speech

No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances.

SCOPE OF FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION :


Free

speech Free press Rights of assembly and petition Right to form associations or societies not contrary to law Right to religious freedom

IMPORTANCE OF THE GUARANTEE :


Promotes

growth of the individual and the nation. Makes possible, scrutiny of acts and conduct of public officials. Insures a responsive and popular government.

RIGHT

OF ASSEMBLY the right on the part of the citizens to meet peaceably for consultation with respect to public affairs

RIGHT

TO PETITION the right of any person or group of persons to apply, without fear of penalty, to the appropriate branch or office of the government for redress of grievances.

SEC. 5 : RELIGIOUS FREEDOM

No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights

2 Aspects of Religious Freedom

1. Freedom to believe 2. Freedom to act on ones belief

SEC. 6 : LIBERTY OF ABODE AND TRAVEL


The

liberty of abode and of changing the same within the limits prescribed by law shall not be impaired except upon lawful order if the court. Neither shall the right to travel be impaired except in the interest of national security, public safety, or public health, as may be provided by law.

Limitations
1.

2.

Upon lawful order of the court In the interest of national security, public safety or public health, as may be provided by law.

The right of the people to information on matters of public concern shall be recognized. Access to official records, and to documents, and papers pertaining to official acts, transactions, or decisions, as well as to government research data used as basis for policy development, shall be afforded the citizen, subject to such limitations as may be provided by law.

Sec. 7 : Right to Information on Matters of Public Concern

Scope of the Right


The

right embraces all public records; It is limited to citizens only but is without prejudice to the right of aliens to have access to records of cases where they are litigants; Its exercise is subject to such limitations as may be provided by law.

Limitations on the Right


Records involving public security of the State or which are confidential in character should be excepted : 1. income tax returns, 2. the condition or business of banks under the Central Bank 3. accounts pertaining to military intelligence funds 4. certain army records 5. disbarment proceedings.

Sec. 8 : Right to Form Associations


The

right of the people including those employed in the public and private sectors, to form unions, associations, or societies for purposes not contrary to law shall not be abridged.

It

is clear that the right to join an association includes the right to leave and cancel his membership with said organization or to abstain from joining one.

Sec. 9 : Inherent Powers of the State


Private

property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation.

Sec. 10 : Obligation of Contracts (Impairment Clause)


No

law impairing the obligations of contracts shall be passed.

Contract
Refers to any lawful agreement on property or property rights, whether real or personal, tangible or intangible.

OBLIGATION OF A CONTRACT
The

law or duty by which binds the parties to perform their agreement according to its terms or intent, if it is not contrary to law, morals, good customs, public order, or public policy.

OBLIGATION OF A CONTRACT
Juris vinculum the tie that binds
the parties to each other

Impairment anything that diminishes the efficacy of the contract

Sec. 11 : Rights of the Accused Free access to the courts and quasi judicial bodies and adequate legal assistance shall not be denied to any person by reason of poverty

Sec. 12 : Rights of the Person under Investigation

Any person under investigation for the commission of an offense shall have the right to be informed of his right to remain silent and to have competent and independent counsel preferably of his own choice. If the person cannot afford the services of counsel, he must be provided with one. These rights cannot be waived except in writing and in the presence of counsel.

No torture, force, violence, threat, intimidation, or any other means which vitiate the free will shall be used against him. Secret detention places, solitary, incommunicado, or any other form of detention are prohibited. Any confession or admission obtained in violation of this or Section 17 hereof shall be inadmissible in evidence against him.

The law shall provide for penal and civil sanctions for violations of this section as well as compensation to and rehabilitation of victims of torture or similar practices, and their families.

Generalization
As

we claim our rights we should also assume the responsibility to the rights we claim We should be grateful for the natural and constitutional rights that we enjoy

Generalization
Every

person should respect the rights of others Filipinos should be vigilant so that their human rights will be protected