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oGm;,if; ]]>ywf..}}ueJuRwfoGm;ovdk.. rsm;jym;vSaom cifESifh aZmfaZmfESpfa,mufaygif;\ okwfa&rsm;onf
apmufacgif;ESifhrqefYbJ cifhapmufzkwftjyifodkY usvm\/
twefMumrS.. aZmfaZmfrSmwbufwpfck,lNyD; cifh apmufzkwfudkwpf,kwpf,okwfay;ouhJodkY olYvD;udkvnf;
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cifrSm ½kwfw&ufwGefYoGm;aomfvnf; pdwfwif;NyD;tompkyf udkifíe,fay;aerd\/
cifv
h ufyal Mumifh vD;Bu;D rSm wjznf;jznf;jyefxvmNy;D rmawmifvmonf/ aZmfaZmfrmS cifvufay:rStyk u
f ikd &f if;
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'DaeYtzdkawmh.. 'DavmufeJYawmfNyD.. cifhapmufzkwfBudrf; aeNyD..}}
]]apmufzkwfudkrvdk;&&if zifudkvdk;r,f.. b,fvdkvJ}}
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cifonfaZmfaZmfvD;udk yg;pyfxJwJhí acgif;udka&SUwdk; aemufqkyfvkyfíwrsdK;.. vQmjzifhvD;xdyfudkuvdum..
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xef aeaomcspfol\qE´udk BudK;pm;ajzNidrf;ay;aeonf/
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(10)rdepfcefYMumvQif cifhacgif;udkvufjzifhudkif,if; okwf&nfrsm;udktmacgifxJodkY AspfueJ.. AspfueJyef;xkwf
vdku&m cifrSmr&GHr&Smyif rsdKcsvdkufav\/ vD;udktjyif xkwfvkdufaomvD;rSmrmawmifaeqJjzpfí aZmfaZmfu
vufESifh*Gif;tcsuf (20)rQwdkufay;vdkuf&m vufusefokwf &nfrsm;rSm cifhrsufESmay:odkY aEG;ueJzsmusvm\/
]]tdk;.. armifraumif;bl;.. rsufESmawGayukefNyD}}
aZmfaZmfrSmbmrSrajymbJ cifhrsufESmay:rS okwf&nf rsm;udk vQmjzifh w,kw,vdkuf,ufay;ae\/
cif.. cifudkaemuftywfwe*FaEGaeYvmcdk;r,f.. cifrjiif;ygeJYawmhaemf.. udk,ftwlwlaecsifNyD..}}
]]aumif;ygNyDarmif&,f.. armif.. qE´awGudk cif rjyif;&ufawmhygbl;..}}
]]cif.. t0wftpm;awGtqifoifhvkyfxm;.. armif we*FaEGaeYum;eJYvmac:r,f..}}

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ydu
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f .. a,musmf ;awGEiS ehf ifvm;igvm; ydu
k mqGaJ eaomtouf (40)cefY jzLjzLawmifah wmif.h .
rdef;rBuD;onf oG,fajymif;íta&mifcyfazsmhazsmhqdk;xm; aom.. aumhñGwfonfhvufxdyfuav;jzifhzJrsm;udk
a&T U
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xd k Y a emuf r S t oH
vm&mzuf o d k Y
rnfodkYrQrxl;[efjzifh..vSnfhMunfhvdkufonf/
t0gpyfxm;aomteDa&mifjzifh cyfyg;yg;qdk;xm;aom rdef;rBuD;\vSaomEIwfcrf;xmifhwGif jzLaompD;u&ufu
wGaJ vmif;cdak e\/ rsuv
f ;kH us,í
f rsuw
f iG ;f usNy;D tdyaf &; ysuaf e[ef&o
dS nfrh suEf mS taetxm;uyif þrde;f rBu;D rSm
uAsmqefvSonf.. xlxJoavmufBuD;rm;eufarSmifonfh rdef;rBuD;\rsufcHk;arT;tpHkonf.. a&;cs,fxm;&aom
rsufcHk;tjr§ifav;rsm;om&SdonfhacwfwGif wrsdK;xl;jcm;ay: vGifae\/ cHhjim;Muufoa&&Sd½Hkru xlxJarSmifaeaom
qHyifrsm;ESifhaygif;pyfvsuf tawmftarT;trQifoefpGrf; onfhrdef;rBuD;bJ[k vlwdkif;udkawG;xifapí a,mausfm;
wdkYudk toJ,m;ap pdwf<uap\/
yg;vTmaomtusÐatmufü vl;MuHxm;aomtarT; tBudKifrsm;rS 0if;tdpGmay:xGufaeaomtom;\ ta&mif
rSmvnf; qGJaqmifEdkifwkef;&Sdao;\/ i,fpOfuBuD;xGm; awmifhwif;yHk&aom&ifom;BuD;rsm;onf rdef;rBuD;a&GUvsm;
vdu
k w
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f rf;vIy&f mS ;aewke;f &Sad o;\/ r[l&mteufukd a&TuyG f
xm;aomacwfqefvSonfh tusÐus,foD;wpfvHk;udk vSnf yif;rSjzKwfcsxm;ao;\/ xdktjyKtrlonf uydku,dk&Sdo
avmu Munfhrdol\&ifudk wkef,ifajcmujcm;ap\/
xl;jcm;onfrmS .. ,ckvakd cwftcgü tvGe&f mS ;yg;í awmf½v
kH 0l wfavh0wfxr&Sad om zJaysmv
h ckH snrf ;D cd;k a&mif
udk 0wfxm;jcif;jzpf\.. xdkvHkcsnfonf jzLqGwfyg;vTmí ta&mifrxGufaomtar&duefEdkifvGeftusнdk;½dk;..
a&T uGyfxm;onfh r[l&mMu,foD;.. 0if;0gtdpufonfh EdkYBuD; ESpfvHk;.. t½dk;tqpf&Snfvsm;aom
ajcwefvufwef.. tdyfa&;ysuf[ef&SdaomrsufvHk;us,fBuD;rsm;.. xlxJoef pGrf;aomrsufcHk;rsm;..
oG , f [ ef & S d a omrsuf E S m wG i f uef Y vef Y j zwf v suf . . tenf ; i,f & S n f v sm;aomtavmawmf xl í
wif;wif;aphxm;aomyg;pyf.. þonfwdkYudk pkaygif; vdkufaomtcg ,cifu&uf&ufpufpufvScJhol[ef&Sdonf.
,ckwdkifwyfrufp&mvSyaeao;aomrdef;rBuD;jzpfonf/
tjywfoxm;aomaZmfaZmf.. aemuf0,fcifu&Suf &GHUpGmjzifh acgif;udkiHkYiHkYxm;,if; wyfrufpbG,fpGJaqmifae
qJjzpfaomrdef;rBuD;udk tuJcyfovdkMunfhae\/
rdef;rBuD;EIwfcrf;a'gihfpGef;wGif wJGavmif;ckdaeaom pD; u&ufonf jyKwfusoGm;\/ rdef;rBuD;onf pD;u&ufukd
raumufao;bJ aumifrav;ukd pl;pkdufMunhfvkduf\/ xkdY aemuf rsufvTmukd cs,if; pD;u&ufukd jznf;n§if;pGm
aumufonf/
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]][kwfuJh rr}}
aZmfaZmfonf rsuEf mS pyfNzNJ zEJ iS fh rde;f rBu;D ukd MunhNf y;D aumifrav;\ycH;k ukd zufvsuf upm;0kid ;f ukd ausmckid ;f í
vSnhfoGm;onf/ upm;0kdif;wGif;&Sd a,mufsm;(3^4)a,muf wkdYu wpfcsufrQ rsufvHk;vSefMunhfvkdufNyD;aemuf zJukd
jyefpdwf0ifpm;oGm;Mu\/
]]'DwpfyJGNyD;&if awmfygNyD; udpö&Sdw,f}}
rdef;rBuD;rSm zJukdif,if; ajymvkdufonf/ 4if;rsufESmrSm wpfpHkwpfckukd awG;awmaeouJhokdY &Sd\/

______
rdef;rBuD; tcef;wGif;okdY a&mufvQif aZmfaZmfESihf cifwkdY rSm wGwfxkd;aeonfukd awGU&\/ cifu &Suf[efESihf
aZmf aZmfab;rS cGmxkdifvkduf\/
cspo
f El pS Of ;D \ rsuEf mS csi;f qkid &f dS qkzd may:wGif 0ifxidk f vku
d \
f / rde;f rBu;D \aemufwiG f aESmom;jzLjzihf jyKvyk x
f m;
aom ykd;om;yg;yg;uav; wyfqifxm;onhf cef;pD;wpfck &Sdonf/
xkcd ef;pD;\ aemufwiG f ukwifr[kwaf om arGU,may: wGif yvyfpwpfxyk t
f yk x
f m;onf/ vlwpfa,muftyd Ef idk f
½Hk tus,ft0ef;&Sd cHkwef;&Snf wpfckukd awGU&onf/

tcef;wGif;okdY 0ifaom wHcg;aygufESihf rsufESmcsif;qkdif wGif wbufwnf;jyKvkyfxm;aom jyLwif;ayguf(14)
ayguf&Sd\/ xkdjyLwif;aygufwkdYwGif tjymEka&mifaeum taygufaphumxm;oljzihf tcef;wGif;ü tjymEka&mifvTrf;
aeonf/
tcef;xJwGif tjyiftqif r&SdbJ 4if;vif;ae\/ ESpf a,mufxkdifqkdzm\ aemufbufeH&HwGif tm'HESihf {0wkdY
opfoD;pm;NyD;Muonhfaemuf wpfa,mufESihf wpfa,muf vufwG,fzspfn§pfxm;Mu&if; rsufESmcsif;qkdifaemufokdY
cGmí wyfrufaom rsufaphESihf MunhfaeyHk yef;csDum;wpf csyf csdwfxm;\/
tcef;wGif;okdY 0ifaom wHcg;ayguf\ ab;wGif bD'kd i,fuav;wpfck&Sd\/ xdkbD'kdi,fuav;\ tay:ü jyif
opf ½kyf&Sifrif;orD; bm;a'gh\ rvHkYwvHkt0wfESihf jrLac: [efMunhfaeyHk"mwfyHktm; csdwfqJGxm;\/
rdef;rBuD;aemufcef;qD;umxm;aom eH&HwGif ukd,fwHk; vHk;ESihf uyfyvDrwpfa,muf\ qDaq;yef;csDukd csdwfqJG
xm;\/ xkduyÜvDrrSm EIwfcrf;vnf;xl\/ ol\ukd,fvHk; rSmvnf; rjrifbl;avmufatmif BuD;\/ okdY&mwGif xkdyHk
onf tvGeo
f ufEak o;aom ol\yHjk zpfaomaMumihf tm; vH;k wif;wif;&if;&if; &S\
d / xkyd u
kH dk aZmfaZmfaewJb
h ufu
Munhf&if cef;pD;\ tay:zufususcyfjrihfjrihfwGif csdwf xm;aomaMumihf aumif;pGmjrifEkdif\/
tcef;xJwiG f rSet
f yk x
f m;aom pm;yJ0G idk ;f uav; wpfck &Sv
d suf xkpd m;yJ0G idk ;f uav;ukd qkzd m(4)cku 0kid ;f &Hxm;\/
eH&HESihf uyfaeaom qkdzmonf ESpfa,mufxkdif qkdzmjzpf vsuf <uif;aom zkdcaemufqkdif qkdzmwpfckonf wpf
a,mufxkdifrsm; jzpfMu\/ xkdqkdzm(3)ckteuf tv,frS qkdzmonf aZmfaZmfwkdYxkdifaeaom ESpfa,mufxkdifqkdzm
ESihf rsufESmcsif;qkdifusae&m xkdqkdzmwGif rdef;rBuD;0if xkdifjcif; jzpfonf/
tcef;wpfckvHk;\ tjyiftqifrSm þrQomjzpfonf/ xkdYaMumihf þtcef;ukd oufoufem;ae&efom oHk;í
tjcm;rnfonhfudpöBuD;i,frQ oHk;yHkr&acs/
cifu ar;Munhfaomtcg rrtem;,lí tanmif; tnmajyaom tcef;[k qkd\/
]]wpfcgwav rreJY tazmfred ;f uav;wpfa,muf ESpf a,mufeYJ 'Dtcef;xJrmS vlBu;D vlaumif;awGepYJ um;ajym
Muw,f cif&Jh}}
]]'gqkd [kdcHk&Snfav;uaum}}
rwf&yfaxmifxm;aom ykd;cef;qD;aemuf&Sd cHk&Snfukd vufñ§dK;ñTefjyay;aomtcg
]]ukd,fvJaumif;aumif; rodbl;uGm rracwåcP vSJbkdY teif;tESdyfcHzkdY jzpfrSmaygh}}
cif\pdwfxJwGif wrsdK;wyHkjzpfaeonf/ cspfolajym aom pum;rsm;jzpfíom Nidrfíem;axmif&onf/ armif&Jh
tdrf armihfrrtcef;awmif aumif;aumif;rod[kqkdjcif; rSm tawmfqef;ae\/
]]rruwpfrsdK; cif&Jh tm;BuD;pnf;urf;BuD;wm olUoD; oefY tcef;wkdY oD;oefYae&mwkdY qkdwm olcGihfrjyK&if r0if
&bl; olrsm;twGuf ay;xm;wJh tcef;awGxJukdvJ rru b,fawmhrS ta&;rBuD;&if r0ifbl; tckarmifwkdYukd 'Dt
cef;xJ 0ifckdif;awmh armifawmif awmfawmftHhtm;oihfoGm; w,f armifawmif'Dtcef;xJ ra&mufbl;ao;bl;
'Dtcef; xJa&mufzl;wJhvl[m 'DtdrfBuD;rSm (5)a,mufxufrykdbl;}}
]]tckecifwkdY 0ifvmawmh aumifrav;(7^8)a,muf avmufxkdifaewm armifeJYbmawmfvJ}}
]]armifwkdYtrsdK;awGbJ jzpfrsmayghuGm armif'gawG bmawG odyfodwmr[kwfbl; rrbJodw,f}}
aZmfaZmfESihfcifwkdYonf þokdYtajctwif ajymMuNyD; aemuf ckd;vmNyD;cgp cspfolrsm;jzpfonhftwkdif; tcspft
aMumif;rsm; zufokdY pum;OD;vSnhfoGm;\/ þokdYtcspf taMumif;&if; wpfa,mufESihf wpfa,muf Munhfp,faepOf
rdef;rBuD;0ifvmjcif; jzpf\/
rdef;rBuD;onf ajccsif;csdwfxkdifvkdufNyD; aumifrav; ukd pum;wpfcGef;rQ rajymao;bJ vufwGifygvmaom
vufayGUtdwfxJrS aiGpD;u&ufbl;ukd xkwf,lí pD;u&uf topfwpfvdyfukd rD;n§dNyD;vQif tm;&yg;&zGm½Iduf&if;
pl;pl; pku
d pf u
dk f Munhaf e\/ rde;f rBu;D a&SUü aumifrav;onf raewwf rxkid w
f wfjzihf vufuidk yf 0k gukd vH;k acsaeonf/
pD;u&uf wpf0ufukefoGm;aomtcg pD;u&ufukdifxm; aom vufukd rdef;rBuD;u qefYwef;vkduf\/
]]aZmfaZmf a&mh jymcgufxJxnhfNyD; pD;u&ufukd rD;owf vkdufNyD;&if; tcef;wHcg;ydwfNyD; *sufcsxm;vkduf}}
aZmfaZmfonf cift
h eD;rS tvGeaf MumufvefY ½kad opGm xvsuf pD;u&ufudk vufEpS zf ufjzihf ,lNy;D jymcGux
f x
J nhf
í rD;owfvkdufonf/ xkdYaemuf tcef;wHcg;ukd ydwfí *sufxkd;NyD; teD;wGif ukwfukwfuav; vmxkdif\/
cyfapmapmu rdef;rBuD;ukd jrifvQifjrifcsif; cifrifrd aom rdef;uav;onf rdef;rBuD;\ tjyKtrlrsm;aMumihf

wjznf;jznf; pdrfhí aMumufvmonf/ rdef;rBuD;\ aeyHk xkdifyHkrSm rdzk&m;i,frsm;ukd wpfa,mufNyD;wpfa,muf
owf ypfavh&Sdaom ykHjyifxJrS plvwefbk&ifBuD;\ rdzk&m;acgif BuD;ESihf wlaeawmhonf/ aumifrav;onf
rsufvTmcs&m rS rsufvHk;olckd;ESihf rdef;rBuD;ukd ckd;Munhfvkduf\/
cif\ukd,fvHk;ukd,fxnf rsufESmqifjyif 0wfpm;rI EIwf crf;eD yg;eDqkd;yHk tm;vHk;ukd csHKMunhfvkdufvQif pyfzsHzsH
rif; BudKufpkd;BudKuf t&m&SdBudKuf bkef;BuD;BudKuf vrf;o&JBudKuf yHkpHrsdK; cyfxGm;xGm; &ifBuD;BuD; wifum;um;jzpf\/
rdef; rBuD;u cifhukd n§dKUovkdMunhfae\/
]]uJ rt0Smav; nnf;uaZmfaZmfaemuf ckd;&mvkduf vmw,fqkdawmh nnf;eJYigeJYu wkduf½kdufywfoufvmNyD
tJ'Dawmh igu nnf;ukd 0wå&m;twkdif; ar;&awmhrSm aygh uJnnf;emrnfpajym}}
]]us usr emrnf cifolZmEG,fyg}}
rdef;rBuD;rSm MunhfNrJMunhfae\/ cifrSm raewwf r xkdifwwf jzpfvmav\/ (10)wef;pmar;yJGwGif ar;cGef;
wpfckrS rajzEkdifpOfu raewwf rxkdifwwfESihf tawmfyif tcuftcJ awGUcJh\/ okdYaomf ,ckavmuf raewwf
r xkdifwwf rjzpfcJh&ay/
]]nnf;taz emrnfuaum}}
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rdef;rBuD;onf aumifrav;\ rsufESmukd Munhfae&mrS rsufvTmcsvkduf\/ xkdYaemuf wpfpHkwpfckaom a0'em
cHpm;aeouJhokdY emusifaom rsufESmrsdK;jzpfoGm;\/
]]tpu owif;pmq&m aemuf½kyf&SifZmwfñTef;a&; q&m aemuf0wåKawG bmawGa&;w,fav tckawmh em
rnf odyfrMum;&awmhbl; OD;cifarmifausmf qkdwm rIwf vm;}}
]][kwf [kwfygw,f rr}}
cifrmS tawmftm;wufomG ;vsuf rde;f rBu;D \ rsuf ESmukd tvGecf spMf unfav;pm;pGm Munhv
f suf cyfavmavm
uav;ajzvkduf\/ rdef;rBuD;\ rsufESmxm;um; aumifr av;\ ajymif;vJrIukdyif jrifyHkray:acs/
rdef;rBuD;onf cihfukdaomfvnf;aumif; aZmfaZmfukd aomfvnf;aumif; owdarhouJhokdY ai;armaeonf/
rdef;r BuD;\ ukd,f[efvuf[efwkdYonf tvGefvSyaom tae txm;wGif &Sdvsuf a&S;acwf½kyfwk
touf0ifvmouJhokdY &Sdae\/ tcsdefonf wdwfqdwfNidrfoufpGmjzihf (10)rdepf cefY ukefvGefoGm;\/
rde;f rBu;D owd0ifvm[efjzihf ae&mjyifxidk f vku
d u
f m pD;u&ufudk rD;n§v
d u
dk o
f nf/ xkaYd emuf aZmfaZmfwpfO;D xJudk
om pl;pl;pkdufpkduf Munhfvkdufonf/
]]aZmfaZmf tJ [kdkykvif;xJrSm 0DpuD&Sdw,f bD'kdxJrSm aqmf'geJY a&cJbl;&Sdw,f ighukdxnhfay;prf;}}
aZmfaZmfonf jymjymovJ ae&mrSxvsuf rde;f rBu;D ckid ;f orQ tajy;tvTm;vkyaf y;ae\/ rde;f rBu;D rSm aZmfaZmf
vkyforQukd tvGefpufqkyfpGm MunhfvsufrsufESm½IHUae\/
xkdYaemuf tqifoihfcsay;aom 0DpuDcGufukd rdef;r BuD;u wpfusdKufjcif; aomufaeonf/ cifolZmEG,fonf
rdef;rBuD;\ cefYnm;aom trlt,mESihf wuG vTrf;rkd;Ekdif pGrf;aom pum;ajymyHkukdomr[kwf rdef;rBuD;\ [efyef
taetxm;wkdYukdvnf; tvGefauseyfpGm twkckd;vsuf&Sd \/ 0DpuDESihf cGufukefaom tcsdefü rdef;rBuD;onf &Da0
aom rsufvHk;tpHkjzihf cifolZmEG,fukd Munhfvkdufonf/
]]uJ OD;cifarmifausmf&JhorD; cifolZmEG,f&,f nnf; 'DaZmfaZmfeJY b,fwHk;uBudKufNyD; tckvkdufvmwmvJ
ighukd wpfckrS rcsefbJ tukefajymprf;}}
cifolZmEG,frSm aZmfaZmfESihf rvIyfbJ wdwfwdwfqdwf qdwf Nidrfoufae\/ rdef;rBuD;rSmvnf; xyfqihfar;jcif;
rjyKbJ cifolZmEG,f rsufESmukdom MunhfNrJMunhfae\/ cifonf rdef;rBuD;tm; rsufESmESpfBudrfavmuf vSefMunhfNyD;
aemuf rajymbJ rae0HhawmhbJ pHGUtpGHUtESihf BudK;pm;í ajym&Sm\/
]]us usr wkdYcsif; BudKufaewm tawmfMumygNyD&Sihf}}
rdef;rBuD;rSm MunhfNrJMunhfvsuf 0DpuDukd wNrHKUjcif; pkyf,lae\/
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