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Table 2-15: Number of Pilot-Reported Near Midair Collisions (NMAC) by Degree of Hazard

1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
TOTAL, degree of hazard 568 758 454 348 311 254 275 238 194 238 211 257 239 211 180
Criticala 118 180 74 52 46 35 47 32 26 31 22 28 30 37 25
Potentialb 319 423 266 197 195 158 139 139 101 105 100 110 130 R
96 81
No hazardc 122 133 114 99 70 61 71 63 55 70 53 55 49 R
51 39
Unclassifiedd 9 22 0 0 0 0 18 4 12 32 36 64 30 R
27 P
35
NMAC involving aircraft operating under
14 CFR 121e U U 121 101 72 60 63 43 50 81 64 63 69 48 51
KEY: P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a
A situation where collision avoidance was due to chance, rather than an act on the part of the pilot. Less than
100 feet of aircraft separation would be considered critical.
b
An incident that would probably have resulted in a collision if no action had been taken by either pilot. Less
than 500 feet would usually be required in this case.
c
When direction and altitude would have made a midair collision improbable, regardless of evasive action
taken.
d
No determination could be made due to insufficient evidence or unusual circumstances, or because incident is
still under investigation.
e
Before Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 applied only to aircraft with more than 30 seats or a maximum payload
capacity of more than 7,500 pounds. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes aircraft with 10 or more seats
that formerly operated under 14 CFR 125. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data with more
recent years' data.

NOTE
Includes air carriers, general aviation, military, and other aircraft involved in public-use operations.

SOURCES
1980-2000: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Aviation Safety Statistical Handbook
Annual Report (Washington, DC: Annual issues) and personal communication, Aug. 6, 2002.
2001-2002: Ibid., Office of System Safety, National Aviation Safety Data Analysis Center, NMAC database, personal
communication, July 2, 2003.
For NMAC involving 121 aircraft:
1980-2000: Ibid., Air Traffic Resource Management, personal communications, Aug. 6, 2002.
2001-2002: Ibid., Office of System Safety, National Aviation Safety Data Analysis Center, NMAC database, personal
communication, July 2, 2003.

02/11/2008 NTS 2002, FAA