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TABLE K-2 Energy Consumption by Mode of Transportation: 1994–2004

Trillion btu

1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Air
Certificated carriers
Jet fuel 1,672 1,711 1,784 1,831 1,800 1,944 2,004 1,892 1,735 1,749 1,839
General aviation
Aviation gasoline 32 35 35 35 37 42 40 33 33 33 33
Jet fuel 63 76 82 87 110 131 131 129 133 132 137
Highway
Gasoline, diesel and other fuels
Passenger car and motorcycle 8,510 8,534 8,677 8,762 8,988 9,187 9,159 9,219 9,458 9,456 9,526
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle 5,514 5,701 5,919 6,173 6,308 6,607 6,617 6,690 6,903 7,595 7,828
Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck 1,253 1,278 1,305 1,328 946 1,300 1,326 1,341 1,290 1,110 1,158
Combination truck 2,587 2,743 2,801 2,816 3,489 3,403 3,560 3,538 3,673 3,303 3,427
Bus 134 134 137 142 144 159 154 142 139 134 132
Transit
Electricity 17 17 17 17 17 18 19 19 19 19 20
Motor fuel
Diesel 94 94 96 99 103 106 109 103 100 99 101
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuels 8 8 8 7 7 6 6 6 7 6 7
Compressed natural gas 1 1 2 3 5 6 8 9 11 14 16
Rail, Class I (in freight service)
Distillate / diesel fuel 462 483 496 496 497 515 513 515 517 531 563
Amtrak
Electricity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 U U U
Distillate / diesel fuel 10 9 10 10 10 10 11 10 U U U
Water
Residual fuel oil 806 881 853 750 841 874 960 810 726 580 702
Distillate / diesel fuel oil 304 324 345 357 360 336 314 284 288 307 297
Gasoline 109 133 124 123 120 137 141 124 135 138 126
Pipeline
Natural gas 707 722 734 775 655 665 662 644 688 610 590
KEY: Btu = British thermal unit; N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

NOTES: Certificated carriers are domestic operations only. General aviation includes fuel used in air taxi operations, but not commuter operations.
The following conversion rates were used:
Jet fuel = 135,000 Btu/gallon Compressed natural gas = 138,700 Btu/gallon
Aviation gasoline = 120,200 Btu/gallon Distillate fuel = 138,700 Btu/gallon
Automotive gasoline = 125,000 Btu/gallon Residual fuel = 149,700 Btu/gallon
Diesel motor fuel = 138,700 Btu/gallon Natural gas = 1,031 Btu/ft3
Electricity 1kWh = 3,412 Btu, negating electrical system losses. To include approximate electrical system losses, multiply
this conversion factor by 3.

SOURCE: Various sources, as cited in U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation
Statistics, National Transportation Statistics 2006, table 4-6, available at http://www.bts.gov/, as of October 2006.
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