Você está na página 1de 16

RETROFITTING OF UNCONFINED MASONRY HOUSE

using wire mesh plastered with sand & cement mortar

Mortar is a workable paste used to bind construction blocks together and fill the gaps between them. The blocks may be stone, brick, cinder blocks, etc. Mortar becomes hard when it sets, resulting in a rigid aggregate structure. Modern mortars are typically made from a mixture of sand, a binder such as cement or lime, and water. Typical mortar mix ratio would be 3 sand: 1 cement
Other types: Polymer cement mortar Lime mortar Pozzolan mortar Firestop mortar

Unconfined Masonry House


Cracks in walls No R.C . Practical columns & beams

Method: (1) Remove the inner as well as outer plaster of the wall in vertical and horizontal directions where the wire mesh will be installed. (2) The cracks are sealed with cement & sand mortar. (3) Several thin beds of mortar or cement that serves as the support for the wire mesh.

(4) Wire mesh on each side shall be tied. For the purpose, holes are drilled on the thin beds of mortar.

(5) Construct 2 foundation beams on each side at the lower parts of the walls below the floor. The wire mesh must be anchored into the foundation beams.

(6) The foundation beam must be constructed first. After that re-plaster the walls where the wire mesh are already installed with mortar of cement & sand

RETROFITTING OF WALLS COLLAPSED AT THE CORNERS

Method: (1) Install scaffolding to support the roof truss. (2) If necessary, remove part of existing wall to make more space to work.

(3) Install column & ring bream reinforcement.

(4) The column & ring beam are concreted with minimum concrete mix 1 cement : 2 sand: 3 gravel, with adequate water. (5) Install the new wall up to the ring beam level.

RETROFITTING OF DISLODGED ROOF TRUSSES