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Pedro Paramo

Pedro Paramo


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Pedro Paramo
Pedro Paramo

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Published by: sanazh on Sep 26, 2013
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By: Laura Chang and Chaaru Raghavan

learned dialects and customs Co-founded the literary review Pan with Juan José Arreola and Antonio Alatorre Married Clara Aparicio in 1948 and had four sons Wrote screenplays in Mexico City and was a television producer in Guadalajara Began writing around 1940. grandfather wanted him to become a lawyer. Jalisco. but he failed the entrance exam Worked as an immigration agent throughout Mexico. died of a heart attack like his mother . was an avid reader Attended the University of Guadalajara at age 16 for a short time before moving to Mexico City. left an unfinished story upon death Won several awards including the National Literature Prize (1970) and Príncipe de Asturias Prize (1983) Suffered from lung cancer.           Born in village of San Gabriel. Mexico Witnessed 1926-29 Cristero Religious War and Mexican Revolution. father. published a collection of 15 short stories in 1953 and Pablo Páramo in 1955. and two uncles during this time period Sent to an orphanage for four years. lost mother.

Influenced by: Spoon River Anthology by Edgar Lee Masters (United States). Knut Hamsun (Norway). Carlos Fuentes (Panama)  . William Faulker (United States). João Guimarães Rosa (Brazil). Elio Vittorini (Italy)  Influenced: Gabriel Garcia Marquez (Colombia). Daniel Sada (Mexico). Elmer Mendoza (Mexico).

agrarian society and rapidly urbanizing.       Cacique systems: local political bosses who hold excessive power/influence Machismo: heavily patriarchal society Females discovered themselves by identifying with figures Transition between rural. industrialization Heavily Catholic Economic disparity common Mexican Revolution brought about widespread violence .

tried to put a political supporter in power in 1920. tricked into a meeting with General Carranza and killed upon arrival  Venustiano Carranza: Joined forces with Madero temporarily.Revolution of the bourgeoisie/impoverished farmers against the corrupt local and national governments Leaders:  Alvaro Obregon: Became involved on the behalf of Francisco Madero. assassinated in 1928  Pancho Villa: Military strategist who won allegiance with Northern Mexico. served as the President of Mexico. eventually sentenced to death for disobeying  Emilio Zapata: Fought for land and liberty. instrumental in bringing down Diaz (1911) and Huerta (1914). elected President 1917. killed in his sleep . raised an army in the North to fight Orozco.

were forced to return to their positions without their demands being met. 23 people died Carranza sought refuge at the start of the Revolution and later became a major leader Location for the rise of military leader Obrego who served as the commander-in-chief of the revolutionary forces in NW Mexico under Carranza Armies from the region were composed of soldiers from lowermiddle class families Obregon’s hand-picked successor Plutarco Calles was from this region .      Area of focus: State of Sonora Cananea Strike (1906): Mexican workers demanded equal wages.

21% of the Mexico's population identified themselves as Catholic Cristero War (1926 – 1929)     1917 Constitution (following an overthrow of the Mexican dictator Diaz) imposed several restrictions on the Mexican Clergy Legislation enforced with the rise of President Plutarco Calles.000 lives . 98. started the Revolution Ended in the loss of 90. Catholic priests called for a government boycott in response July 31.  In 1950. 1926: Catholic bishops stopped all worship services in Mexico.

Elements: multiple worlds/realities. and political turmoil . revolution. integrated supernatural. cyclical sense of time.   Definition: the implementation of magical elements in conjunction with reality. intentional ambiguity regarding credibility Latin America    Many claim as the origin of magic realism Became popular in the 1940s as a mode of creating an independent and unique literary style Authors utilized themes of chaos.

avoids daylight.5. pp. 1.4. fails to mention atonement Heaven  Hamlet's mission is portrayed as one of divine justice: "Heaven hath pleased it so/That I must be their scourge and minister" (Hamlet.9-13. 3.171-3.The Ghost of Hamlet's father: Where did he originate from and what are his intentions? Purgatory  "I am your father's spirit/doomed for a certain term to walk the night/And for the day confined to fast in fires/Till the foul crimes done in my days of nature/Are burnt and purged away" (Hamlet. 211-12) Hell  The ghost supports murder and revenge rather than mercy and forgiveness. but disregards it . pp. recognizes a divine power. 350-51)  Hamlet invokes the word "heaven" in dark contexts.

Inferno (Hell)  Hell is composed of nine circles. Mars. each referring to a different "root" of sin.   Pride. everyone's sins are open for all to see/be punished for. representative of angelic hierarchy. heretics Hell contrasts reality in terms of clarity: in hell.   Moon. Jupiter. avarice/prodigality. Wrath. Envy. Saturn. treachery Other: limbo. Greed. Paradiso (Heaven)  Heaven is composed of nine spheres. Lust Purgatory represents spiritual growth and the Christian life. Primum Mobile  The soul's journey through heaven towards God. Sloth. . each with a significant sin and punishment     The Self Indulgent: lust. Fixed Stars. wrath The Violent: violence The Malicious: fraud. Venus. Gluttony. gluttony. Mercury. Sun. Purgatorio (Purgatory)  Mountain of Purgatory with two levels of antepurgatory (the excommunicate andthe late repentant) and seven terraces.

Web.html>. Minster. 2012. 2012.University of Texas Press. "Biography of Alvaro Obregón. <http://www.yahoo. 2012. 2002. Emory University. Massaro.com/od/thehistoryofmexico/a/obregon. 22 Apr.wvinter. 2012."Mexconnect.utexas. the Proud." Laht.com/articles/257-the-few-the-proud-the-work-of-juan-rulfo1917%E2%80%931986>." Yahoo!. Moore. 2008." About. the Work of Juan Rulfo. James A. 9 Oct.english.sci. 5 Jan. <http://www. Christopher. Petri. 2008. 2009. Liukkonen. Tuck. Web. <http://voices.net/~haught/Cristero.edu/Bahri/MagicalRealism. "More Than 1. <http://www. Web.com/life-meaning-purpose-hell-dantes-inferno-2321056.fi/rulfo. <http://www. Expert Says. Web.com. 22 Apr.Anderson.-May 2007. Web. Lindsay. Danny J. Web.britaininprint. Web. Giancarlo.htm>.html>. Kay. "Juan Rulfo. Fall 1998. "ANOTHER HOLY HORROR: THE CRISTERO WAR.edu/utpress/excerpts/rulped-intro. Jim. Marin." Kirjasto." Apr. "The Few.net/shakespeare/study_tools/heaven_hell.html>.emory. "Magical Realism. "Concepts of Heaven. <http://www. Web. <http://latinamericanhistory.000 Mexicans Leave Catholic Church Daily.about. Julian Rodriguez. 22 Apr. Haught. Karen. <http://www." Britain in Print.htm>.mexconnect.htm>. Britain in Print.. Latin American Herald Tribune.kirjasto. "The Ghosts of Comala: Haunted Meaning in Pedro Páramo. .com. 29 Apr. Web. "Life of Meaning and Purpose in Hell in Dante's Inferno. Hell and Purgatory in Hamlet.html?cat=38>." Emory University---English Department." A Special Introduction to Rulfo's Pedro Paramo.

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