Você está na página 1de 1

Reasoning From Unfamiliar Premises. Maria Dias. 2005; Psychological...


My Profile

Log In

Athens Log In

Home / Psychology / Psychology (general)

Psychological Science
Volume 16 Issue 7, Pages 550 - 554 Published Online: 8 Jul 2005 2009 Association for Psychological Science

Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian Save journal to My Profile Set E-Mail Alert Email this page Print this page RSS web feed (What is RSS?)

Save Article to My Profile

Download Citation

< Previous Abstract | Next Abstract >

Abstract | References | Full Text: HTML, PDF (Size: 78K) | Related Articles | Citation Tracking
Research Article

Reasoning From Unfamiliar Premises

A Study With Unschooled Adults Maria Dias
1 1

, Antonio Roazzi

and Paul L. Harris

Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil, and 2 Harvard University

Address correspondence to Paul L. Harris, Harvard Graduate School of Education, 503A Larsen Hall, Appian Way, Cambridge, MA 02138; e-mail: paul_harris@gse.harvard.edu.

AbstractA long tradition of research initiated by Luria in the 1930s has established that unschooled adults perform poorly on reasoning tasks. Particularly when the premises are unfamiliar, they adopt an inappropriate empirical bias. However, recent findings show that young children with little or no schooling reason competently if prompted to think of the unfamiliar premises as pertaining to a distant planet. We tested two groups of adults: illiterate, unschooled adults and adults with limited schooling. Both groups received problems that included either a premise with unknown content or a premise contradicting their everyday experience. When given a minimal prompt, both groups manifested the customary empirical bias. By contrast, when explicitly prompted to think of the unfamiliar premises as pertaining to a distant planet, they reasoned accurately and appropriately justified their conclusions in terms of the supplied premises. (RECEIVED 6/14/04; ACCEPTED 8/9/04) DIGITAL OBJECT IDENTIFIER (DOI) 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2005.01573.x About DOI

Related Articles
Find other articles like this in Wiley InterScience Find articles in Wiley InterScience written by any of the authors Wiley InterScience is a member of CrossRef.

Request Reprint Copyright 1999-2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

1 de 1

03/05/2010 17:49