P. 1
Configuring the Virtual Center Server

Configuring the Virtual Center Server

4.5

|Views: 2.307|Likes:
Publicado porsurkal

More info:

Published by: surkal on Jul 23, 2009
Direitos Autorais:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/13/2011

pdf

text

original

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 1 of 12

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server
This section describes how to configure VirtualCenter Server attributes and settings, and discusses the following topics: • Setting Custom Attributes • Configuring Server Settings docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Setting Custom Attributes

Setting Custom Attributes
You can use custom attributes to associate your own information with the resources in VirtualCenter. After you create the attributes, set their values on each virtual machine or managed host, as appropriate. The values are stored with VirtualCenter. You can then use the new attributes to filter information about your virtual machines and managed hosts. If you no longer need the custom attribute, remove it. A custom attribute is always a string, even if it takes the form of a numeric value. You can use this dialog box to create three types of attributes: • Virtual Machine – Apply only to virtual machine objects. • Host – Apply only to host objects. • Global – Can be applied to hosts and virtual machines. You can also edit virtual machine or host attributes from the Summary tab of the virtual machine or host. See Editing Custom Attributes and Annotations for a Virtual Machine or Host. When you add an attribute column, the column is not unique to the particular list in which you create it. It also appears on the Hosts, Virtual Machines and Resource Allocation tabs for each of those objects, although you can assign a different value to the column on each of those tabs. The information persists until you edit it or until the column is deleted. Editing or deleting the column requires permission to edit custom attributes. Conditions VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: VirtualCenter Server Global > Manage Custom Properties Global > Set Custom Properties Administration > Custom Attributes

To reach this dialog box:

To add a custom attribute 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. In the Custom Attributes dialog box, click Add. In the Name text box, type the name to assign to the attribute. In the Type drop-down list, select the attribute type. Click OK. Enter the values for the custom attribute:

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 2 of 12

a. Select the object one level up the hierarchy that contains the objects to apply the attribute to. For example, to enter attribute values for managed hosts, select the datacenter and the Hosts tab for a list of hosts. b. For each managed host or virtual machine, click the empty space below the new attribute's column heading. In the information panel, the new attribute is added to the header. c. Type the attribute value that is appropriate for each managed host or virtual machine. To remove a custom attribute 1. 2. Select an attribute from the list in the Custom Attributes dialog box. Click Remove.

The attribute is removed from all hosts and virtual machines. To show or hide a custom attribute in a panel, right-click the column headings and select or deselect the attribute. docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings

Configuring Server Settings
You can configure the following VirtualCenter settings: • Configuring License Settings • Configuring Statistics Settings • Configuring Runtime Settings • Configuring Active Directory Settings • Configuring Mail Sender Settings • Configuring SNMP Settings • Configuring Web Service Settings • Configuring Timeout Settings • Configuring Logging Options • Configuring Database Settings docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring License Settings

Configuring License Settings
You must configure a license to use the VirtualCenter Server. This section introduces licensing configuration options. Conditions VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: To reach this VirtualCenter Server

Global > Settings

Administration > VirtualCenter

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 3 of 12

dialog box: Before you begin:

Management Server Configuration For complete information on setting up your licensing server, see the Installation Guide. For information on modifying the licensing on an ESX Server 3 host, see the Installation Guide. Fore more information on modifying the licensing on an ESX Server 3i host, see the Setup Guide for your ESX Server 3i product.

To configure the licenses for this server 1. 2. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select the License Server option. Select the location of the licenses. • Select Use license services on this VirtualCenter server to use licenses from a license server running on the same physical machine as this VirtualCenter Server. The VirtualCenter Server itself does not distribute licenses. • Select Use the following license server to use licenses located on a license server and enter the port and name of the license server in the form port@host in the text box. 3. Select the VirtualCenter edition. • Select VirtualCenter Management Server if you purchased a license for the standard edition of VirtualCenter Server. • Select VirtualCenter Foundation Management Server if you purchased a license for VirtualCenter Foundation. 4. Select Change host license server settings to match these VirtualCenter Server settings whenever a host is added to inventory if you want each host you add to this VirtualCenter Server’s inventory to use the same license server as this VirtualCenter Server. The settings on the host are altered by VirtualCenter only when the host is added or when the license server used by VirtualCenter is changed. Select one of the following options: • Click a link in the left pane of the dialog box to make changes on another page. • Click OK to accept all the VirtualCenter Server settings changes you made and close the dialog box. • Click Cancel to close the VirtualCenter Configuration dialog box without saving any settings changes. docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

5.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring Statistics Settings

Configuring Statistics Settings
To set up how statistical data is recorded, you configure collection intervals. Collection intervals determine the frequency at which statistic queries occur, the length of time statistical data is stored in the database, and the type of statistical data collected. Conditions VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: To reach this dialog VirtualCenter Server Global > Settings Administration > VirtualCenter

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 4 of 12

box:

Management Server Configuration

To configure a collection interval 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select the Statistics option. If necessary, select the collection interval check box to enable it. Click Edit and specify your changes in the Edit Collection Interval dialog box. See Edit Collection Intervals. Repeat step 3 for each collection interval to change. Estimate the effect of the statistics settings on the database: a. Enter the number of ESX hosts. b. Enter the number of Virtual machines. The estimated space required and number of database rows required are calculated and displayed. c. If necessary, make changes to your statistics collection settings. 6. 1. 2. Click OK. Select or deselect the collection interval check box. Click OK. To enable or disable a collection interval

When you disable a collection interval, all subsequent intervals are disabled. To estimate the effect of the statistics settings on the database 1. 2. If necessary, configure the collection intervals. In the database calculator pane, do the following: a. Enter the number of ESX hosts. b. Enter the number of Virtual machines. The estimated space required and number of database rows required are calculated and displayed. c. If necessary, make changes to your statistics collection settings. 3. Click OK.

docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Edit Collection Intervals

Edit Collection Intervals
The Edit Collection Interval dialog box lets you configure a collection interval. Not all collection interval attributes are configurable. Conditions Collection Interval To reach this dialog box: Related topic Any enabled Collection Interval in the Statistics Intervals panel. Administration > Virtualcenter Management Server Configuration Configuring Statistics Settings

To change a collection interval 1. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select Statistics in the navigation list.

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 5 of 12

2. 3.

In Statistics Intervals, select the intervals to enable. Selecting a longer interval automatically enables all shorter intervals. To change the collection level for an enabled Interval Duration, do the following: a. Select the interval. b. Click Edit. c. In Statistics Level, choose a level. Level 4 uses the highest number of statistics counters. Use it only for debugging purposes. The collection level value must be less than or equal to the collection level set for the preceeding collection interval. This is a VirtualCenter dependency. d. For the Minute and Year intervals, you can change the collection frequency (Statistics Interval) and the length of time to keep the samples (Keep samples for). If necessary, choose the appropriate value for each option.

4.

Click OK.

docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring Runtime Settings

Configuring Runtime Settings
You can change the port number the server is using for communications. You can also change the VirtualCenter ID. and the VirtualCenter Managed IP address. Usually, you do not need to change these settings, but you might need to make changes if you run multiple VirtualCenter Servers in the same environment. Conditions VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: To reach this dialog box: VirtualCenter Server Global > Settings Administration > Virtualcenter Management Server Configuration

To change the VirtualCenter ID or the port number 1. 2. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select the Runtime Settings option. Enter a unique ID in the VirtualCenter Server Unique ID text box. You can change this value to a number from 0 through 63 to uniquely identify each VirtualCenter Server running in a common environment. By default, an ID value is generated randomly. 3. Enter the port number your client is using to communicate with the VirtualCenter Server in the VirtualCenter Server TCP/IP Port text box. The assigned default port number is 902. You rarely need to change this value. 4. 5. 6. Enter the VirtualCenter Server IP address in the VirtualCenter Server Managed IP text box. Click OK to save the changes you made and close the dialog box. If you made changes to the VirtualCenter Server Unique ID or the VirtualCenter Server TCP/IP Port, you must restart the VirtualCenter Server for these changes to take effect.

docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 6 of 12

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring Active Directory Settings

Configuring Active Directory Settings
You can configure some of the ways in which VirtualCenter interacts with the Active Directory server. Conditions VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: To reach this dialog box: VirtualCenter Server Global > Settings Administration > Virtualcenter Management Server Configuration

To configure how VirtualCenter interacts with the Active Directory server 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select the Active Directory option. In the Active Directory Timeout field, enter the timeout interval in seconds for connecting to the Active Directory server. To limit the number of users and groups displayed in the Add Permissions dialog box, select Enable Query Limit. In the Users & Groups field, enter the maximum number of users and groups to display. If you enter 0 (zero), all users and groups appear. To have VirtualCenter periodically check its known users and groups against the Active Directory server, select Enable Validation. In the Validation Period field, enter the number of minutes between instances of synchronization. Select one of the following options: • Click a link in the left pane of the dialog box to make changes to another setting. • Click OK to accept all the VirtualCenter Server settings changes you made and close the dialog box. • Click Cancel to close the VirtualCenter Configuration dialog box without saving any settings changes. docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring Mail Sender Settings

Configuring Mail Sender Settings
To use email messages to send SMTP notification, you need to do the following: • Define the SMTP and email message addressing information. • Specify the email message addresses for the users to receive the notification when you create the alarm. Conditions VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: VirtualCenter Server Global > Settings

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 7 of 12

To reach this dialog box:

Administration > Virtualcenter Management Server Configuration

To define the SMTP and email message addressing information 1. 2. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select the Mail option. Enter the SMTP server and sender account information. SMTP Server – The DNS name or IP address of the SMTP gateway to use for sending email messages Sender Account – The email message address of the sender, for example, mail_server@datacenter.com 3. Select one of these options: • Click a link in the left pane of the dialog box to make changes to another setting. • Click OK to accept all the VirtualCenter Server settings changes you made and close the dialog box. • Click Cancel to close the VirtualCenter Configuration dialog box without saving any settings changes. docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring SNMP Settings

Configuring SNMP Settings
You can configure up to four receivers of SNMP traps. They must be configured in numerical order. Each SNMP trap requires a corresponding host name, port, and community. Conditions VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: To reach this dialog box: VirtualCenter Server Global > Settings Administration > Virtualcenter Management Server Configuration

To configure receivers of SNMP traps 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select the SNMP option. In the Receiver URL field, enter the DNS name or IP address of the SNMP receiver. In the field next to the Receiver URL field, enter the port number of the receiver. If the port value is zero (0), VirtualCenter uses the default port, which is 162. In the Community String field, enter the community identifier. Select one of the following options: • Click a link in the left pane of the dialog box to make changes to another setting. • Click OK to accept all the VirtualCenter Server settings changes you made and close the dialog box. • Click Cancel to close the VirtualCenter Configuration dialog box without saving any settings changes. docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 8 of 12

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring Web Service Settings

Configuring Web Service Settings
The Web Service is installed as part of the VMware VirtualCenter installation. The Web Service is a required component for third-party applications that use the VMware SDK application programming interface (API). For information about Web Service installation, see the Installation Guide (choose Help > Manuals). Conditions VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: To reach this dialog box: VirtualCenter Server Global > Settings Administration > Virtualcenter Management Server Configuration

To configure the Web Service settings 1. 2. 3. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select the Web Service option. Enter values for the http and https ports in the appropriate text boxes. Select the check box if to maintain compatibility with the older VirtualCenter 1.x SDK Web interface.

docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring Timeout Settings

Configuring Timeout Settings
Timeout settings let you configure the timeout intervals for VirtualCenter operations. These intervals specify that the VI Client should not time out in less than the specified values. Do not set the value to zero (0). Conditions VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: To reach this dialog box: VirtualCenter Server Global > Settings Administration > Virtualcenter Management Server Configuration

To select timeout intervals for VirtualCenter operations
1. 2. 3. 4. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select the Timeout Settings option. In the Normal Operations field, enter the timeout interval in seconds for normal operations. In the Long Operations field, enter the timeout interval in minutes for long operations. Select one of the following options: • Click a link in the left pane of the dialog box to make changes to another setting. • Click OK to accept all the VirtualCenter Server settings changes you made and close the dialog box.

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 9 of 12

• Click Cancel to close the VirtualCenter Configuration dialog box without saving any settings changes. 5. Restart the VirtualCenter Server for the changes to take effect.

docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring Logging Options

Configuring Logging Options
You can configure the amount of detail that VirtualCenter collects in log files. Conditions VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: To reach this dialog box: VirtualCenter Server Global > Settings Administration > Virtualcenter Management Server Configuration

To configure the level of detail for log files 1. 2. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select the Logging Options option. From the VirtualCenter Logging list, select one of the following options: • None (Disable logging) – turn off logging • Error (Errors only) – display only error log entries • Warning (Errors and warnings) – display warning and error log entries • Info (Normal logging) – displays information, error, and warning log entries • Verbose (Verbose) – displays information, error, warning, and verbose log entries • Trivia (Extended verbose) – displays information, error, warning, verbose, and trivia log entries 3. Select one of the following options: • Click a link in the left pane of the dialog box to make changes to another setting. • Click OK to accept all the VirtualCenter Server settings changes you made and close the dialog box. • Click Cancel to close the VirtualCenter Configuration dialog box without saving any settings changes. Changes to the logging settings take effect immediately. You do not need to restart VirtualCenter Server. docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring Database Settings

Configuring Database Settings
You can change the VirtualCenter Server password and the specification for the maxiumum number of simultaneous database connections. Conditions

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 10 of 12

VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: To reach this dialog box:

VirtualCenter Server Global > Settings Administration > Virtualcenter Management Server Configuration

Before you make any changes to your database’s authentication setup, first change the password in the Database Settings dialog box. To change the password VirtualCenter Server uses when connecting to the database 1. 2. 3. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select the Database option. Type the new password in the Password text box and retype it in the second text box. Click OK to accept all the VirtualCenter Server settings changes you made and close the dialog box. The VirtualCenter Server uses this password when creating connections to the database. 4. 5. Change your database’s authentication setup to use the password you entered. For details, see your database’s documentation. Restart the VirtualCenter Server service. On restarting, it connects using the new password. Note: Not all database connection configurations require a password. This setting is significant only when password-based authentication for database connections is in use. To change the maximum number of database connections to create 1. Type the new number in the Maximum number text box. This value normally does not need to be changed. You might want to increase this number if your VirtualCenter Server frequently performs many operations and performance is critical. You might want to decrease this number, for example, if the database is shared and connections to the database are costly. VMware recommends that you not change this value unless one of these issues pertains to your system. 2. Select one of these options: • Click a link in the left pane of the dialog box to make changes to another setting. • Click OK to accept all the VirtualCenter Server settings changes you made and close the dialog box. • Click Cancel to close the VirtualCenter Configuration dialog box without saving any settings changes. docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring SSL Settings

Configuring SSL Settings
You can configure VirtualCenter Server to check the SSL certificates of hosts it connects to. If you select this option, VirtualCenter Server, the VI Client, and Web Access clients check for valid SSL certificates before connecting to a host for such operations as adding a host or making a remote console connection to a virtual machine. Conditions VI Client must be connected to: VirtualCenter Server

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 11 of 12

Minimum required privileges: To reach this dialog box:

Global > Settings Administration > Virtualcenter Management Server Configuration

To configure VirtualCenter SSL settings 1. 2. 3. In the VirtualCenter Management Configuration dialog box, select the SSL Settings option. Select the Check host certificates check box to check for valid SSL certificates before establishing SSL connections to hosts. Select one of these options: • Click a link in the left pane of the dialog box to make changes to another setting. • Click OK to accept all the VirtualCenter Server settings changes you made and close the dialog box. • Click Cancel to close the VirtualCenter Configuration dialog box without saving any settings changes. docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server : Configuring Server Settings : Configuring Advanced Settings

Configuring Advanced Settings
You can use the Advanced Settings page to modify the VirtualCenter Server configuration file, vpxd.cfg. This page can be used to add entries to the vpxd.cfg file, but not to edit or delete them. VMware recommends that you change these settings only when instructed to do so by VMware technical support or when you are following specific instructions in VMware documentation. Conditions VI Client must be connected to: Minimum required privileges: To reach this dialog box: VirtualCenter Server Global > Settings Administration > VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration

To add configuration settings 1. 1. 2. 3. In the VirtualCenter Management Server Configuration dialog box, select the Advanced Settings option. Click Add Row to add a blank row to the settings table. Enter a key and a value in the appropriate columns. Select one of these options: • Click a link in the left pane of the dialog box to make changes to another setting. • Click OK to accept all the VirtualCenter Server settings changes you made and close the dialog box. • Click Cancel to close the VirtualCenter Configuration dialog box without saving any settings changes. Many advanced options changes require that the VirtualCenter Server be restarted before they take effect. Consult VMware technical support to determine if your changes require a restart.

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

Configuring the VirtualCenter Server

Page 12 of 12

docfeedback@vmware.com | Copyright © 2008 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

file://D:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\~hh4377.htm

6/25/2009

You're Reading a Free Preview

Descarregar
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->