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AC/DC Transmission Lecture No.

2
Dr. Muhammad Kamran

Lecture contents
Flux Linkage in Terms of Self and Mutual Inductances

Self and Mutual Inductance


Series inductance per phase for the above single phase two wire line can be expressed in terms of self inductance of each conductor and mutual inductance Single phase circuit represented by two coils characterized by the self and mutual inductance The flux linkages Lambda 1 and Lambda 2 is represented by

1= L11 I1 + L12 I2 2= L21 I1 + L22 I2

Inductance of 3-Phase Transmission lines Symmetrical Spacing

Asymmetrical Spacing

Line Transposition

Inductance of Composite conductors


Practically for HV transmission, solid conductors are not used rather composite conductors are utilized To make system more economical, Transmission lines are made in bundled form GMR and GMD for bundled conductors are evaluated Considering 1-phase conductors with bundle as shown in fig

GMR of Bundled Conductors

Inductance of Three Phase Double circuit line

Line Capacitance

The Charge on the conductor gives rise to an electric field with radial flux lines The total electric flux is numerically equal to the value of charge on the conductor The intensity of the field at any point is defined as the force per unit charge and is termed as electric field intensity defined as E

Concentric cylinders surrounding the conductor are equipotential surfaces and have the same electric flux density From Gausss Law, for one meter length of conductor, the electric flux density at cylinder of radius x is given by D= q/A; =q/2x(1)(4.60)

The electric field intensity, E may be found from the relation; E=D/0(4.61) Where 0 is permittivity of free space, its value is 8.85X10-12 F/m Substituting 4.60 into 4.61 we get; E= q/2 0 x

Capacitance of single phase lines

Potential Difference in a Multiconductor Configuration

Capacitance of Three Phase line

Effect of Bundling

Next Lecture
Capacitance Continued