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Introduction

Pumps are used in a wide range of industrial and residential applications. Pumping equipment is extremely diverse, varying in type, size, and materials of construction. There have been signicant new developments in the area of pumping equipment since the early 1980s.1 There are materials for corrosive applications, modern sealing techniques, improved dry-running capabilities of sealless pumps (that are magnetically driven or canned motor types), and applications of magnetic bearings in multistage high energy pumps. The passage of the Clean Air Act of 1980 by the U.S. Congress, a heightened attention to a safe workplace environment, and users demand for greater equipment reliability have all led to improved mean time between failures (MTBF) and scheduled maintenance (MTBSM).

0-8493-????-?/97/$0.00+$.50 1997 by CRC Press LLC

1999 CRC Press LLC