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INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL WORK

DEFNITION OF SOCIOL WORK: Social work may be defined as an art, a science, and a profession that helps people to solve personal, group, and community problem and attain satisfying personal, group, and community relationships through social work practice. PRINCIPLES: A problem exists everywhere Every person is unique and environment has an effect on the person Any situation can be changed Trained social worker It is professional Social work is possible to some extent only with community cooperation

PROCESS OF SOCIAL WORKER: Intake - Analyses the problem that is present in a situation. Study - Learn the problem , about its cause etc., Social Diagnosis (analyzing a problem) - analyses what is the problem and situation. Plan what is to be done to solve the problem plan the treatment Treatment Support Clarification (doubts of the social worker about the client will be clarified) Insight ( finding the root cause of a problem) Identification (Finding an actual problem maker/reason responsible for the problem) Resources utilization Evaluation (To check our progress whether we are going in a correct way this was done periodically at every stage )

Environmental modification(change the surrounding environment of the affected person) Rehabitation (to help the person to come to a normal life after treatment) International Association of schools of social work International Federation of social work profession promotes social changes, problem solving in human relationship and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance wellbeing utilizing theories of human behavior and social system. Social work intervenes at the point where people interact with their environment, principles of human rights and social justice or fundamental of social work. Social work should be deal like profession. It has its own techniques. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT: History of social work started from USA and UK in 1200. 1531 HERRY VIII identification of beggars. Beggars were banned in public and give a separate place for them. Able body homes were formed and people were give jobs. 1601 Elizabeth. USA 1776 war of independence church main agency for social services. 1800 1900 Adam smith theory. 1900 onwards committee William committee. Profession of social work started to flourish in Europe with starting of charity organization/association. 1898 New York school of Philanthropy. 1917 NY school of social work. 1929 Economic depression Federal emergency relief act need of trained social worker.

1935 Social security act.(in USA) 1939 PG first introduced in American school of social work. USA National council on social work education started . 1960 Anti-poverty Martin Ruther King USA National council on social work education was started.

IN INDIA: Started from joint family system in rural areas. Annie Besant, Raja Ram Mohan Roy given enlightment about social work. Mumbai NGO American Marathi mission. Clifford Marshal 1925 started his work in slums founder of Nagpada neighborhood house approach Tata group 1936 Sir Doraliji Tata School of social science 1944 changed to Tata institution of social science. 1947 School of social work started in Gujarat and Varanasi. Gujarat Vidhyapeed, Khesi Vidhyapeed. 1948 Delhi school of social work. 1950 Baroda school of social work. 1960 Madras school of social work. 1962 Psg school of social work. 1970 Madurai school of social work. 1980 Bishop college Trichi. Screed hearts college in Tirupatur.

ETHICS OF SOCIAL WORK: - Given by National Association of social workers {1980} Social worker: Propriety Competence and professional development Service Scholarship and research Social workers ethical responsibility to client Giving importance to clients interest Like and prerogatives to clients Confidentiality and privacy Fees Social workers ethical responsibility to colleagues Respect, Fairness and Courtesy Social workers ethical responsibilities to employer and employer organization Commitment To social work profession Maintain the integrity of the profession Community service Development of knowledge

To society Promoting the general welfare. SOCIAL SERVICE AND SOCIAL WELFARE: DEFNITION OF SOCIAL SERVICE: Rendering of beneficial to other out of religious or rituals favor or by an in and urge to do something for others without a desire for material rewards - S.DASDUPTHA. It is a curative measure not a preventive measure.

It is tempravery. There is no need to learn an recourse to do social work. DEFNITION OF SOCIAL WELFARE: Social welfare is the service intended to meet special needs of individuals and groups who are in disadvantage position need for help PAUL CHAUDRU

It is not tempravery .It should be carry on in a particular situation/time. It is mainly done by government and NGOs through different schemes. Main idea of social welfare is to rehabilitate the needy. Proper planning is required for social welfare. It is an organized form.

SOCIAL WORK PROFESSIONAL:


Professional is a worker required to process a large body of knowledge delight from extensive academic study with the training almost always formulized PROFESSIONAL FORMULATED: The thing which professional should have: Ethics Values Providing Training Thought through Education Regulation Association to regulate Autonomy(Independent) Social status

Power This are been present in the social work so it is called as professional.

ELEMENTS OF SOCIAL WORK AS PROFESSIONAL: ATTRIBUTES: Body of knowledge (no limit) Continued occupation Standardized occupation Responsible public respect and relation Purpose Value,Ethics,Standerds Sanction Knowledge Skills

METHODES OR TECHNIQUES OF SOCIAL WORK: SOCIAL GROUP WORK: Social group work is a psychological process which is concerned with developing leadership with ability and cooperation than with building on the interest of the group of social purpose Social work Social group work Community organization and development Social welfare administration Social action Social work research

During 1906, Chicago school of civics was organizing some of guidance programs. Initially, it comes into existent in school of applied social science . Western Reserve University in the name of group service in 1920. Started in USA the first group work on 1937 in Western Reserve University. Grace Choir explained group work and made it into more systematic. Group psych trophy specialized groups depression etc. provide psych trophy. Group work and psych trophy coincide. Clara Kaiser worked with first group work project. Konapka - written book on group work. 1950 Journal for social work began to come out .Group work courses started to spread to other countries. APPROACHES TO GROUP WORK: Long term/short term Individual/group oriented Crisis intervention Closed/open groups

COMMUNITY OREGANISATION: HISTORY: Elizabeth poor law comes into existence. They are mainly done in settlement houses. USA was the pioneer of the community organization. Charity organization society was formed in 1877 in the influence of London charity organization society. Community chest and community council was formed in 1917-1935.

American association for community organization was formed in 1918. Its name was later converted into community council. National conference of social work on 1938-1939 gave initiative to take community organization as on in social work. National conference of social work In Buffalo on 1940 organized association of study of community organization. Community organisation was recognized and include as a method of social work in American school of social work in 1950. Association of study of community organisation was merged with 6 professional association and national association for social worker on 1955. Community organisation for social work was a book by Wayne Mc Milens in1945 it was first book in community organisation. INDIA: Community development and organisation in India is mainly done with help of reform movements among them main reform movement is done by Mahatma Gandhi according to them forming community organisation is to achieve the goal of a community or a society. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Banerjee were the other pioneers. But the shape to community organisation was mainly given by TATA Institution for social science. MEANING: Community organisation means organizing community to achieve a community goal. Community development is an long process this cannot in short term, it is goal oriented thing it will take long tenure. This can be achieved by only through community organisation. One day awareness program will be called as a community organisation. This can be done only by NGOs and Government.

PRA Participatory rural appraisal. This is the important tool to organize a community organizational developmental program.

SOCIAL WORK RESEARCH: This is a systematic critical investigation of question in the social welfare field with the purpose of yielding answers to the problem of social work and of extending and generalizing social work knowledge and concept. Pure theoretical Applied systematical STEPS FOR SOCIAL WORK RESARCH: Selection of state Constitution of work research Investigation and study of material related to problem Collection of data Analyses and interpretation of data Conclusion CONCEPT: Social work is an applied research Social work addressed to problems Main function is to produce knowledge To improve and enlarge the techniques of diagnosis and treatment To develop the efficiency of social work agency To apprise and measure the community need to add to the general knowledge

AREA OF RESEARCH: Any personalized executive of an company about job satisfaction, training, evaluation, etc. In community level to diagnosis the actual problem in society. To find effectiveness of existing program by welfare agency, government, etc. To find needy people in the community. To find drawback adequate need in a social welfare agency. Fundraising Availability of finance resource Technique and methods to solve a problem. TOOLS: Observation Interview Questioner Sensex RESERCH DESIGN: to design a path to undergo an research

SOCIAL ACTION: Social action is mass betterment to propaganda social legislation. A method of bringing about a change in the social environment of the client MARY RICHMEN -1922 ELEMENTS: Cause Change agent Change strategy Change target

SOCIAL WELFARE ADMINISTRATION MEANING: Social welfare is an institution comprising policies and laws, that are operationalized by organized activities of voluntary and/or governmental agency by which a defined minimum of social service, money, and other conceptions are distributed to individuals, families, groups by criteria other than those of the market place or those prevailing in the family system for the purpose of preventing, alerting, or contributing to the solution of recognized social problem so as to improve the wellbeing of the individual, groups, and communities directly. DEFNITION ADMINISTRATION: It is a process of defining and attaining objectives of an organisation through a system of coordination and cooperative effort DEFNITION - SOCIAL WELFARE ADMINISTRATION: Social welfare administration is a process of efficiently providing resource and service to meet the needs of individuals, families, groups, communities to facilities social relationship and adjustment necessary to social functionang FUNCTIONS: PRINCIPLES: UNIT - IV FIELDS OF SOCIAL WORK SCHOOL SOCIAL WORK: Settlement houses social problem solving of students First social work in school was started in Boston in New York during 19 th century Employ social work in 1990 in Chicago When a job of teacher was over in school from there the social workers work starts

It covers many areas like: Family problem Psychological problem Social problem Learning disability IQ problem

Concept applied by school social worker: RTI - response to interview SEL social and emotional learning NGO: Registered under the act 1882(social act) and corporations society act (2002) CHARACTERSTICS: Requested under the body act Ample number of programs Service Own purpose Socio economic development Fund

AREA OF WORKING: THNGO (Technical Assistance) CSGO (Civil Society) TYPES: INGO International Non government organisation VINGO d business oriented ENGO environment GNGO governmental oriented GUANGO partially autonomous Ngos

UNIT V FIELD WORK IN SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION: It is an practical learning Training education Implication and application of theoretical method studies(like laws) Developing organizing skill Developing managing skill Developing observing skill It equip our professional skill Practical implementation of ethics and values in its field To know resource present in the community it may be about person, place, NGOs, etc. Function of an organisation Help to handle disability with help of empathy and not with help of sympathy Finding the thing lacking in the community It make us to move freely in community It make us to become more creative It will give patent in every situation It help us to solve the problem Documentation and recording Help in evaluating our performance It will help to improve our own self Fund getting from government and also from other private concern You will become down to earth Try to connect themselves with others