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RELATIVE CLAUSES. Actan como adjetivos con respecto a los sustantivos que las preceden.

Pueden ser: () Defining: (=ESPECIFICA I!AS) "#escri$e t%e antecedent. "It&s necessar' to understand t%e meanin( o) t%e main clause. " %ere is no pause or comma $e)ore a de)inin( relative clause. "* %at* can al+a's replace t%e pronouns *+%o* and *+%ic%* " %e o$ject pronouns can $e omitted. () Non-defining: (=E,P-ICA I!AS) ".ive more in)ormation a$out t%e antecedent. " %e' are not necessar' to understand t%e meanin( o) t%e main clause. " /e can leave it out and still %ave a sentence +%ic% means somet%in(. " %ere is comma $e)ore and a)ter a non"de)inin( relative clause. "/e don&t use *t%at* in non"de)inin( relative clauses.

DEFINING CLAUSES
PRONOUN SU !ECT PRONOUN O !ECT

ANTECEDENT PERSON /%o %at (0)

ANTECEDENT ANIMAL/THING /%ic% %at (1)

/%o4/%om %at (2)

/%ic% %at (3)

" %e relative pronoun can never $e omitted. Ex. (1)The girl {who/that works at the Grand Cafe} is Martin's sister. (2) Did yo see the !otor"#ike {whi$h/that was sold for %2&'} (() Martin is the !an { who/who!/that we saw yesterday}. ()) The s*ort {that/whi$h + like wat$hing } is tennis.

NON DEFINING
PRONOUN SU !ECT PRONOUN O !ECT Ex.

ANTECEDENT PERSON /%o (0)

ANTECEDENT ANIMAL/THING /%ic% /%ic% (1) (3)

/%o (2) /%om

(0) ,eter -ates. {who $o!es fro! /ristol} . won the ga!e. (2) The first ga!e. {whi$h went on for a long ti!e}.wasn't 0ery interesting. (() Martin. {who/who! yo saw with !e yesterday}.is 1ane's sister. ()) The $lo$k. {whi$h yo like so ! $h} . was a *resent fro! !y father.

"HOSE. " It is used to tal5 a$out possession. " It can re)er to people4t%in(s4animals and countries. Ex. 2e are a nation whose wealth $o!es fro! ind stry. 34i0ely lady3 was the horse whose 5o$key fell down.

"HICH. " Can $e used re)errin( to a +%ole clause (in t%is case it is al+a's non"de)inin(). Ex. + was late again this !orning . / whi$h !ade !y #oss angry.