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Curso de Ingls -- Present Perfect Tense

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Present Perfect
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Theory you need to know! Teoria que voc precisa saber!

Este tempo verbal utilizado para expressar algo que aconteceu no passado, mas de alguma forma est ainda relacionado ao presente. A estrutura segue o modelo: pessoa + verbo auxiliar have/has + verbo principal no Past Participle. I have done my homework. He has done his homework. I have eaten my dinner. She has eaten her dinner. Para se ter uma melhor idia de como o Present Perfect se refere ao passado e ao presente ao mesmo tempo, podemos encontrar uma sentena similar no Simple Present na voz passiva, preservando o

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Curso de Ingls -- Present Perfect Tense

significado. My homework is done (now). His homework is done (now). Este tempo verbal pode tambm expressar conseqncias de eventos passados, no presente. I've had financial problems since I got fired. She has not called me since our last fight. Podemos utilizar o Present Perfect para expressar alguma ao que teve incio no passado e que est ainda em progresso at o presente momento. They have tried to learn Portuguese for months. He has taught Spanish at the University since 1994. Tambm podemos usar o Present Perfect para afirmar, negar ou perguntar a respeito de algum acontecimento passado relacionado ao presente momento. Have you ever been to Brazil? I haven't been to Brazil yet. She has been to Brazil many times. We have never been to Brazil. Have they arrived yet? Importante: Observe que existem indicadores deste tempo verbal, que so: ever, never, lately, recently, since, for, yet. Since e for normalmente requerem este tempo verbal, ou tambm o Present Perfect Progressive.

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Curso de Ingls -- Present Perfect Tense

They have tried to learn Portuguese for months. => for indica um perodo de tempo. He has taught Spanish at the University since 1994. => since indica uma data especfica. Para formar sentenas no Present Perfect, usamos as seguintes regras: Afirmativa: pessoa + have/has + verbo principal no particpio. => to have + Past Participle I have been to China once. She has worked for that company for 6 years. We have made this same mistake many times. Negativa: Acrescente "not" depois do verbo auxiliar. Has not, Have not I have not seen this movie. She has not forgiven us since that day. Interrogativa: Inverta o sujeito e o verbo auxiliar. Where have you been since the morning? Have you ever done this kind of work?

Exercises on the above theory Exerccios sobre a teoria acima

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Curso de Ingls -- Present Perfect Tense

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