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Exercícios de Inglês

The Present Perfect


1. Estrutura

Verbo Auxiliar
+ Verbo Principal
Particípio
= Present Perfect

Have washed Have washed


Ex.: I have washed my car.

2. Uso

Os alunos ficam em dúvida no uso desse tempo verbal. Afinal, qual é a tradução? É passado ou é
presente? Vejamos:

a) O importante não é a tradução, mas é o que você quer dizer. Quando você usa o Present Perfect você
diz que a ação que você realizou ‘no passado’ ainda apresenta resultado no momento que você está
falando. Veja como um estrangeiro vai entender:

I washed my car. (Passado)


Aqui ele vai entender que em algum dia você lavou o carro. Não vai fazer muito sentido para ele.

I have washed my car. (Present Perfect)


Aqui ele vai entender que você lavou o carro e que o carro ainda está limpo. O importante aqui não é
quando você lavou o carro, mas é o resultado de o carro estar limpo.

b) O Present Perfect é a mistura dos dois tempos (passado + presente). Você realizou algo que ainda tem
significado ou resultado no presente.
Lavei o carro (passado) + O carro está limpo (presente).

1. Passe os verbos regulares abaixo para o particípio:

watch= watched call rain

arrive wait arrest

finish study talk

cook mail sign

André Salvatierra Aulas particulares (11) 7641-5938


andre_salvatierra@yahoo.com.br Inglês e Português para Estrangeiros
Exercícios de Inglês
The Present Perfect

2. Complete as frases:

Auxiliar Past Participle

(work) I have worked a lot.

(sign) You the reports.

(mail) He the goods.

(cook) She a delicious meal.

(rain) It a lot.

(finish) We the exercises.

(arrest) They the criminal.

(study) My friend Japanese.

3. Pratique

Ex.: I / wash / my car. I have washed my car.

I / clean / my shoes.

I / wash / my hands.

She / clean / the windows.

The new equipment / arrive.

My parents / move / to London.

It / rain / a lot over these days.

The guests / arrive.

I / call / him

We / invite / some friends to the party.

André Salvatierra Aulas particulares (11) 7641-5938


andre_salvatierra@yahoo.com.br Inglês e Português para Estrangeiros
Exercícios de Inglês
The Present Perfect

4. Complete as frases na forma negativa:

Auxiliar Past Participle

(rent) I haven’t rented a car

(study) You Chinese.

(attend) He the classes.

(wash) She the dishes.

(rain) It much.

(exchange) We the currency.

(cry) They at the wedding.

(photocopy) The students the booklet.

5. Pratique usando a forma negativa:

Ex.: I / wash / my car. I haven’t washed my car.

I / attend / the French classes

we / play / soccer

they / arrive / at the airport

it / rain

they / follow / the instructions

I and Kelly / dance

it / snow

the earthquake / destroy / the building

the seach party / climb / the mountain

André Salvatierra Aulas particulares (11) 7641-5938


andre_salvatierra@yahoo.com.br Inglês e Português para Estrangeiros
Exercícios de Inglês
The Present Perfect

6. Complete as frases na forma interrogativa:

Auxiliar Past Participle

(talk) Have I talked too much?

(call) you Andy?

(miss) he the classes?

(sign) she the reports?

(rain) it ?

(explain) we well?

(graduate) they from college?

(major) your sister in Business Management

7. Pratique usando a forma interrogativa:

Ex.: I / wash / my car. I haven’t washed my car.

you / graduate / from high school?

the police / investigate / the murder?

she / listen to / the new hit?

they / wait / for my brother?

he / download / the new software?

you / work / hard?

they / watch / the news?

you / rehearse / for the concert?

she / lie / in the sun?

André Salvatierra Aulas particulares (11) 7641-5938


andre_salvatierra@yahoo.com.br Inglês e Português para Estrangeiros
Exercícios de Inglês
The Present Perfect
Respostas
Exercício 1

arrived finished cooked called waited studied

mailed rained arrested talked signed

Exercício 2 Exercício 3 Exercício 4

You have signed... I have cleaned... You haven’t studied...


He has mailed... I have washed... He hasn’t attended...
She has cooked... She has cleaned... She hasn’t washed...
It has rained... The new equipment has arrived. It hasn’t rained...
We have finished... My parentes have moved... We haven’t exchanged...
They have arrested... It has rained... They haven’t cried...
My friend has studied... The guests have arrived. The students haven’t photocopied...
I have called...
We have invited...

Exercício 5 Exercício 6 Exercício 7

I haven’t attended... Have you called...? Have you graduated...?


We haven’t played... Has he missed...? Have the police investigated...?
they haven’t arrived... Has she signed...? Has she listened to...?
It hasn’t rained. Has it rained? Have they waited...?
They haven’t followed... Have we explained...? Has he downloaded...?
I and Kelly haven’t danced. Have they graduated...? Have you worked...?
It hasn’t snowed. Has your sister majored...? Have they watched...?
The earthquake hasn’t destroyed... Have you rehearsed...?
The search party haven’t climbed... Has she lied...?

André Salvatierra Aulas particulares (11) 7641-5938


andre_salvatierra@yahoo.com.br Inglês e Português para Estrangeiros