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1

6H6.

H
H
H

C
C

C
C

C
C

H
H

Ch

nH2n6

(n

6).

ortho

meta

para

6
5

3
4

1
2

6
5

3
4

3
4

Y
o, m, p.

khng
A) C6H5CH3.
C) C6H5CH=CH2.

B) C6H5CH2CH3.
D) C6H5CH(CH3)2.
1

VD1: C6H5CH2CH3 l etylbenzen.

Khc nhau

VD2:

* + "benzen"

CH3

CH3
2

4
5

6H5CH(CH3)2

CH3

m"

nhm C2H5

C2H5

1etyl3metylbenzen

CH3

theo danh php IUPAC l


isopropylbenzen.

Ch

Do "e

CH3CHCH3

CH3
CH3

Toluen

Xilen

Cumen

6H5CH3

6H5CH(CH3)2

3C6H5CH3

2
H3C

CH3

A) etylbenzen.
C) o

B) m
D)

A) C6H5CH(CH3)2.
C) C6H5CH=CH2.

B) C6H5CH2CH3.
D) C6H5CH3.

7H8

A) 1.

B) 2.

C) 3.

D) 4.

8H10

A) 1.

B) 2.

6
(a)

C) 3.

D) 4.

(b)
CH3

CH3
CH3
CH3

(c)

(d)

Br

Br

Br

Br
(e)

(f)

C2H5
CH3

CH3

C2H5

CH3
X

CH3

A) pclotoluen.
C) mclotoluen.

Cl

B) oclotoluen.
D) clobenzen.

Br

CH3

HNO3 (khi c xc tc H2SO4


VD3:
+

Br2

HNO3

Br
+

Fe
to

HBr

NO2

H2SO 4

to

H2O

ankyl.
OH, NH2, OCH3, halogen

CHO, COOH.
NO2, SO3H.

VD4:

CH3
Br

CH3

CH3
+

Br2

Fe

to

HBr

Br
CH3

Br

A) C6H5CH(CH3)2.
C) C6H5COOH.
A

6H6

B) C6H5Cl.
D) C6H5OH.
+ Br2

A) brombenzen.
C) pbromtoluen.

Fe
to

X + HBr
B) mbromtoluen.
D) obromtoluen.

B
A) CH3, C2H5, SO3H.
B) OH, NH2, COOH.
C) SO3H, CHO, COOH.
D) C2H5, OH, Br.
C
A) CH3, COOH, COOCH3.
B) NO2, Cl, NH2.
C) CH3, OH, NH2.
D) NO2, SO3H, COOH.
D

6H5COOH

+ Br2

Fe
to

l
A) mBrC6H4COOH.
C) o v pBrC6H4COOH.

B) oBrC6H4COOH.
D) mBrC6H4COOH.

E
6H5COOH (X); C6H5CH3 (Y); C6H5CH(CH3)2 (Z);
C6H5NO2 (T); C6H5NH2
HNO3/H2SO4
A) X, T, U.
B) Y, Z, U.
C) X, T.
D) Y, Z.

thnh l xicloankan.
VD4:
CH3
+

CH3
xt

3H2

to , p cao

CH3

VD5:
CH3

Fe, to

Cl

+Cl2

CH2Cl
askt

COOH.
COO K+

COOH
H+

KMnO4
to

F
(a) toluen + H2
(b) cumen + Br2
(c) etylbenzen + HNO3 / H2SO4
(d) benzen + KMnO4 / H2SO4

khng
4.

A)
B)
C)

4.
2

v H2O,

D)
H

8H10.

A) o
C) m

B)
D) etylbenzen.

I
C6H5CH2CH3

KMnO4
H2O, to

HCl

A) C6H5COOK, C6H5COOH.
B) C6H5COOH, C6H5COOK.
C) C6H5CH2COOK, C6H5CH2COOH.
D) C6H5CH2COOK, C6H5COOH.
J
C6H5CH(CH3)2
A) C6H5CH(COOK)2.
C) C6H5COOK.

KMnO4
H2O, to

HCl

B) C6H5CH(COOH)2.
D) C6H4(COOK)2.

K
(1) C6H5CH3 + KMnO4
C6H5COOK + MnO2 + KOH + H2O.
(2) C6H4(CH3)2 + KMnO4 + H2SO4
C6H4(COOH)2 + MnSO4 + K2SO4 + H2O.

8H10
4

A) etylbenzen.
C) oxilen.

B) mxilen.
D)

M
2

VCO2

v H2

7
.
4

VH2O

N
CO2
khng kh

= 29) v A
4 khi

O
2

A) 1:1.

v H2
B) 1:3.

C) 3:1.

: nB l

D) 1:2.

P
2

mCO2

v H2

mH2O

+Cl2

B+C

Fe, to
+Cl2

askt
+HNO3
H2SO4

77
. A tham gia
18

E+F

+KMnO4

Stiren v naphtalen

CH=CH2
Stiren

CTPT: C8H8

Naphtalen
CTPT: C10H8

VD6:
polistiren (PS)
CH=CH2

CHCH2
n

xt
to

polistiren (PS)
Q
(a)
(b)
(c)
R
(a)
(b)

c xc tc H2SO4

S
4

A) benzen.
C) stiren.

B) toluen.
D) naphtalen.

8H8
4

A) vinyl.

B) etyl.

C) anlyl.

D) metyl.

A) C8H8Br2.
C) C8H6Br4.

B) C8H7Br3.
D) C8H6Br2.

V
A) C8H8.

B) C8H10.

C) C7H20.

D) C9H9.

l
A) etylbenzen.
C) ovinyltoluen.

B) pvinyltoluen.
D) stiren.

10

Cu
1

Cu
C

F
G

6
7

Cu
N
O

P
Q
R
S

8
9

K
L

6
(a) 1,3
(b) 1,2
(d) 1,4
(e) 1etyl2metylbenzen hay oetyltoluen
(f) 1etyl4metylbenzen hay petyltoluen
8 mbromtoluen
F
CH3

CH3

(a)
+ 3H2

Ni
to ,xt,p
Fe

(b) C6H5CH(CH3)2 + Br2


(c) C6H5CH3 + HNO3

to
H2SO 4
to

o v pBrC6H4CH(CH3)2 + HBr
o v pNO2C6H4CH3 + H2O

11

K C6H5CH3 + 2KMnO4
C6H5COOK + 2MnO2 + KOH + H2O
5C6H4(CH3)2 + 12KMnO4 + 18H2SO4
5C6H4(COOH)2 + 12MnSO4 + 6K2SO4 + 28H2O
M Toluen, C6H5CH3
N Benzen, C6H6
P A l toluen, C7H8 hay C6H5CH3
C6H5CH3 + Cl2

Fe

C6H5CH3 + Cl2

askt

o v pClC6H5CH3 (B, C) + HCl

to

C6H5CH2Cl (D) + HCl


H2SO 4

C6H5CH3 + HNO3
C6H5CH3 + 2KMnO4

C6H5COOK (G) + 2MnO2 + KOH + H2O

Q
(a) C6H5CH=CH2 + Br2
(b) C6H5CH=CH2 + HBr
(c) nC6H5CH=CH2

o v pNO2C6H4CH3 (E, F) + H2O

to

C6H5CHBrCH2Br
C6H5CHBrCH3
CH2CH

xt
to ,p cao

C6H5
R

NO2

(a)

+ HNO3

(b)

+ 5H2

H2SO 4
to

+ H2O

Ni
to ,p

12