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100

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26

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7
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27

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28


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34

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39
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6,111

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9,644
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39

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42

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55
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43

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58%.
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59
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51

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54

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( , )3
(.)0030 ,
( )Taylor et al., 1990
:

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74%
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65% .
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54-37
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74
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56
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72
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55


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39%- .
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38-3
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06,833
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9
16

14
6
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24
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49
71
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76
53
73

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12
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58
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89
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63

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58

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97
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59

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, 30%-40%-
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5,954
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56
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29
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303
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39-34 35-30
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0,982 8,042
3,687 7,583
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07
58
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89
76
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84
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55.5.5
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3,687
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59
50
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27

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25

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65

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45-19
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8
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53
65
63
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40
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38
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66

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39
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39
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39
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39
34
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53
38

34
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35
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38
60
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43
63
30
64

36
35
35
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34
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04
33
80
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66
64
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39
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09

00
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83
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37
30
80
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54
80
64

30
37
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05

07
39
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09
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37
4
80
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68
60
46
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39
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39
80

03
07
34
86
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39
34
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39
36
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35
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60
50

39

43

40

43
37

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31
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69


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53
50
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39
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63
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58
69
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59
68
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66
63
38
/

63
07
06
82

45
30
30
52

34
33
39
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3 .

71


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4-0
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74
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17
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12
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. :
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3773-3797 ;54-0 65-06 .34-64
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- ,'; -' ,' .0033 .
. , ,.
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" .8 ,.
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75

; .8007 .0009 .' , '; ,- '; ,


. ,
.0007 .' , '; , '; , ,' ,
,50 . . :
.
. , ." . " .0033 00 .
Bennett, K.K; Weigel, D.J.; Martin, S.S. 2002. "Children's Acquisition of Early Literacy Skills:
Examining Family Contributions". Early Childhood Research Quarterly 17:295-317.
Brickman, P.; Coates, D.; Janoff-Bulman, R. 1978. "Lottery Winners and Accident Victims: Is
Happiness Relative?". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 36(8):917-921.
Chiswick, B.R.; Repetto, G. 2000. Immigrant Adjustment in Israel: Literacy and Fluency in
Hebrew and Earnings. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11, Bonn.
Goldberg D.; Williams P. 1988. A User's Guide to the General Health Questionnaire. NFERNelson, Windsor.
Taylor, D.M.; Wright, S.C.; Moghaddam, F.M.; Lalonde, R.N. 1990. "The Personal/Group
Discrimination Discrepancy: Perceiving My Group, But Not Myself, To Be a Target of
Discrimination". Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 16:254-262.

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