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STEPS IN MAKING DENTURE BASE: (COLORGARD) then wait for it to

dry
• IMPRESSION TAKING
 Position the upper half of the flask
o PRELIMINARY over the lower portion

 Using modeling compound to make  Pour a second mix of investing


STUDY CAST (Plaster of Paris) medium

o SECONDARY
 Remove excess so that there would
be a good metal to metal contact
 By constructing an INDIVIDUAL
TRAY (working cast)
 Allow the stone to set
• CAST CONSTRUCTION
 TWO METHODS OF POURING
o Construction of working cast using dental THE PLASTER OF PARIS TO THE
stone UPPER HALF OF THE METAL
FLASK
• WAX PATTERN CONSTRUCTION
• SINGLE TECHNIQUE
o Use pink wax then heat it over open flame
o Mixing the
o Place the softened wax over the cast and plaster then
press it hard to get the exact shape of the pouring it to the
cast then place another wax over the 1st upper half then
wax to seal the periphery of melted wax place the cover

o Pour melted wax (using carver) into the • DOUBLE POUR


periphery of wax pattern and allow it to flow TECHNIQUE/ TWO
to prevent Plaster of Paris from going inside CAPPING TECHNIQUE
wax pattern during investing
o Pouring is done
o Wax pattern should be stable to the working
twice
cast

o First, pouring of
• INVESTING OF WAX PATTERN
the investing
o Materials needed: medium is only to
the level of the
wax pattern. This
 Metal flask, plaster of paris/dental
is good for the
stone (investing medium),
presence of
separating medium (for easy
PONTICS
separation of the upper half from
the lower half)
• ADVANTAGES OF
DOUBLE POUR
 The lower half of the metal flask is
TECHNIQUE
half-filled with Plaster of Paris

o Easy location of
 Place the cast with wax pattern
teeth during
(both coated with separating
deflasking
medium) into the plaster exposing
only the wax pattern
o Less danger of
healing or
 Invest only up to the level of the moving teeth
base of w.c.
during deflasking

 Wait for the plaster of Paris to set • WAX ELIMINATION/BURNOUT PROCEDURE


(initial setting time)

o Done to create a mold space


 During initial setting time, coat the
stone with a separating medium

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o Immerse the flask in a water bath (60C, o It is important to remove the residual
5,mins) monomer (due to low curing temperature
and shorter time of polymerization) from the
o Remove the flask; separate the upper and finished denture base because it can cause
lower halves irritation to the oral tissues

o Remove the softened wax pattern

o In case of overheating, flush out melted wax STAGES OCCURING ONCE THE RESINS ARE MIXED
with boiling water
• DAMP/SANDY STAGE
• SEPARATION OF MOLD SPACE
o Mixture is cloudy and sandy
o Make sure there are no melted wax on the
cast so that all details will be copied o No reaction yet between polymer and
monomer
o Paint separating medium for easy deflasking
and to prevent color change of the resin • STICKY/STRINGY STAGE

• PACKING OF RESIN DOUGH o With threadlike projections

o Resin  powder (polymer)  liquid form/gel o Monomer attacks the surface of polymer
form (monomer)
o The mixture becomes viscous and sticks to
• CURING the stirring rod

o Heating process of resin to allow complete • GEL/DOUGH STAGE


polymerization
o Mixture is easily molded into different forms
o RAPID CURING or shapes

o Ideal for compression molding


 74C water bath for two hours then
increase to 100C for one hour
o Needed in packing of resin into the flask
o SLOW CURING
o No longer sticky
 74C water bath for 8 hours or
overnight • RUBBERY STAGE

 Better than rapid curing because o Mixture is rubber-like in character and no


polymerization is more thorough longer flows freely

• DEFLASKING o Cannot be molded anymore

o Removal of finished denture base from the • STIFF STAGE


metal flask and from the investing medium
o Mixture is dry and resistant to mechanical
o After curing, allow the metal flask to cool for deformation
30mins (bench cooling)

o If metal flask will be put immediately to cold


water, it will cause distortion *Cover the mixture while waiting for the dough stage to
prevent premature evaporation of monomers  produces
• POLISHING THE DENTURE BASE porous base

o Trim excess resin, make surface shiny using


wheel raq and acryluster
*When packing is done during the sticky stage, the denture
base will be porous

2
 Trapped within the finished denture
base
*When mixture is in dough stage, collect the dough using
moist cellophane  for upper arch: roll the dough into a ball  Caused by too rapid curing process
then place over the mold space then spread it and improper manipulation of resin
and packing too soon
 for lower arch: form a horse shoe shaped dough
 Caused by premature evaporation
of monomer

*Assemble again the upper and lower halves of the flask. Use  Not usually seen clinically
the presser to remove excess resin(flash)
 Weaker denture base

• CRAZING
FLASH
o Small linear cracks
• Excess resin
o Caused by too much pressure exerted
TRIAL CLOSURE during deflasking

• Alternate opening and closing of the flask to remove o Caused by accidental fall during deflasking
excess resin
• FRACTURE
• Turn the handle slowly to pack the resin better
o Caused by too much pressure

DIMENSIONAL CHANGES DURING CURING

• THERMAL EXPANSION PROPERTIES HEAT – CURED SELF - CURED

o Change from room temperature to


temperature of water bath DIMENSIONAL Less dimensionally more dimensionally
STABILITY stable stable
• CONTRACTION

STRENGTH Higher lower


o Polymerization shrinkage of resin

• THERMAL CONTRACTION COLOR More color stable Less color stable


STABILITY
o Change from temperature of water bath to
room temperature
HARDNESS 20KHN 16 – 18KHN
VALUE

DEFECTS OF DENTURE BASE:


ACTIVATOR Heat Dimethyl
• PRESENCE OF POROSITIES paratoluene

o EXTERNAL POROSITIES
RESIDUAL 0.2 – 0.3% 3 – 5%
MONOMER
 Caused by improper manipulation
of investing medium
CAN Can withstand
 Weaker, more retentive to food WITHSTAND
debris (difficult to clean) ABRASIONS

o INTERNAL POROSITIES

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-Rosette Go 020109 