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Astronomy 2/5

International date line 180degree meridian Latitude for our location 23.5 degrees north. Longitude

2/5/2014 9:03:00 AM

Distant fixed stars- fixed location to the viewers eye because theyre so far away. Celestial latitude- use the celestial equator. 90 degrees north of the celestial equator is Polaris star. Declination (DEC)- an angle of the celestial object measured directly north (+) or south (-) of the celestial equator. Right Ascension (RA)- an angle of the celestial objects meridian measured around the celestial equator eastward from the vernal equinox point. Retrograde Motion- a temporary westward motion of the planets relative to the fixed background stars. A complete cycle of lunar phases (new moon to new moon) takes 29.5 days to complete and forms the basis for the calendar month. This is formally called the moons synodic period or synodic month. The moon takes about 27.3 days to make a complete trip around the sky celestial sphere relative to the fixed background stars. This time interval is known as the moons sidereal period or sidereal month. This shows the moons true orbital time around the earth. These two are different times because of the way the earth moves Exam #1 1-4 Monday How to compute yearly rate of earths precession 360 degrees/26000years = .014 degrees per year o in arc seconds () there are 3600 arc seconds in a degree o so .014x3600=50arc seconds per year

in 240bc Eratosthenes came up with earths circumference. The greeks also knew that any circle or sphere is = to pi. So they now could figure out earths diameter= 8000 miles

feb 24

2/5/2014 9:03:00 AM

Nick Copernicus (1473-1543) Revived the heliocentric model of Aristarchus in 1543 Kepler law #3 law of harmony A cubed = p squared o So sqrt(a cubed)=p o And a = 3sqrt(p squared)

Small circle between

2/5/2014 9:03:00 AM

2/5/2014 9:03:00 AM

2/5/2014 9:03:00 AM