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A PROJECT REPORT ON

MARKETING RESEARCH AND SALES &DISTRIBUTION OF

PRESENTED TO

MAHAMAYA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY


In the partial fulfillment of Master of Business Administration

PRESENTED BY ASHWANI KUMAR, SESSION 20012-14 ROLLNO.1279270009,


In the guidance of
INDUSTRY MENTOR GAURAV MAHAJAN
MARKETING MANAGER HALDIRAM SNACKS PVT.LTD 1

FACULTY MENTOR DR. PRACHI NAGAR


PROFESSOR IAMR

INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED MANAGEMENT AND RESEARCH

BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE

It is certified that the project report titled MARKETING RESEARCH AND SALES & DISTRIBUTION is the bonafide work of Mr. Ashwani Kumar who carried out the project work under my supervision.

Dr. Prachi Nagar, (Professor, IAMR)

DECLARATION
I, ASHWANI KUMAR, hereby dclare that the Project Report entitled MARKETING RESEARCH AND SALES & DISTRIBUTION in HALDIRAMS COMPANY is an original work done by me & submitted to Department of Management studies under the guidance of Dr. Prachi Nagar, Professor, Institute of Advanced Management and Research For the award of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION. For the further dclaration that this report has been purely and truly submitted to the respective college.

ASHWANI KUMAR MBA Roll no-1279270009

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Perseverance inspiration and motivation have always played a key role in success of any venture. I hereby express my deep sense of gratitude to all the personalities involved directly and indirectly in my project work.

I would thank to God for their blessing and my parents also for their valuable Suggestion and support in my project report.

I express my sincere thanks to my company guide Mr. Gaurav Mahajan, Manager of marketing & sales, Haldirams snacks pvt ltd, Noida for giving me an opportunity to work under his guidance and support during the course of the project. I would also like to thank Mr Avnish Sharma marketing team member, Ghaziabad for their valuable inputs and suggestions that have played a crucial role at every stage in the development of the project. I would also like to thank MR. Anurag Goel (Senior Sales Officer) for his guidance and better co-operation and help that is being provided in collecting the data and filling the questionnaire. I owe a special debt of gratitude to the entire individual and retailers, distributors & consumers who helped me in completing the project and to all the retailers for their better cooperation & help being provided by them Last but not the least; I would like to express my sincere gratitude to all faculty members who have taught me in my MBA curriculum and our Director Prof. Tushar Kanti who has always been a source of guidance, inspiration and motivation. However, I accept the sole responsibility for any possible errors of omission and would be extremely grateful to the readers of this project report if they bring such mistakes to my notice.

(ASHWANI KUMAR)

TABLE OF CONTENT
1) Executive summary 2) Introduction 3) Company Profile 4) Product 5) Outlets 6) About the competitor 7) Objective 8) Research Methodology 9) Research Design 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17)
18)

Data Analysis and interpretation Swot Analysis Marketing Mix About the market Findings Suggestion Limitations Bibliography

Questionnaire

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
There are many varieties of snacks foods, which are produced in India, and the type of snack food varies according to the region. The snacks market has changed with the advent of innovative products. It has emerged as a fast, customized and large market. There is also a changing perception of consumers towards processed foods, served in centralized food service system. The primary reason for these changes is the dynamic marketing environment in the snacks business. Changes in the marketing environment have generated a need to reconsider the managerial perspectives on marketing in the snacks business. And in this new arena of increased competition and market saturation Haldirams is still doing well with highly satisfied customers. As it has very skilled management who can easily sense customer requirement, maintain product quality and frequent market research always assures product authenticity in the market. This Project has given me a great learning experience and at the same time it has provided me enough scope to implement my analytical ability. This project has helped me to know the importance of customer complaints, vendor development, use of MIS and ERP, promotional strategies of Haldirams, market visit, sales & distribution forecasting and market survey. The analysis and study presented in this Project Report is based on data analysis, market research, and thorough study of marketing strategies used in Haldirams to maintain its brand equity in the niche market. This Project as a whole provided insights into the different facts of marketing in an organization but the major focus can be divided majoring into four parts viz. market survey, research, promotional strategies and sales&distribution.

PURPOSE OF REPORT The purpose of the report is to learn the facets of marketing and do the forecasting of sales and laminates for Haldiram PVT. LTD. Along with that I have also worked in the following areas: Sales and distribution Market visit for retail shops
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Market research on customer satisfaction Promotional strategy

INTRODUCTION
This project is done through EDS and under the title Marketing and Sales &Distribution Preparing this project I went to each and every distributors & retailers because I was doing market research & sales research. It include, total market volume that is being sold in grocery shop small shops and from distributors and retailers shopping malls big bazaar, and others where chips and namkeens are sold. I have collected about all the product of Haldirams but worked basically for chips and Namkeens segments. I went to the retailers and saw the chips and Namkeens there I observe the following things Whether our product is available or not at that canteen. If not then we saw of which company product is available. How much sale is of that particular counter and what the sales volume that counter may give to us. What is the strength of that particular counter? Has that counter so many brands of chips and Namkeens. And if we get our product, we used to asked the sales volume, response of consumer, delivery and thus came to know interest of retailers & consumers If we didnt get our product we said about us, about our products, about the margin what about margin difference, comparing the competitors product and margin provided by them. And then we made them understand the extra facilities and unique selling point of our product and make them ready to sale our product. Thus we developed the market for Haldirams product. After this we saw the competitors product (quantity) and asked the strength. We also counted the signage and a stand of all the competitors company and Haldirams which is at that particular store.

After all I create a daily survey report and listed the total shops & canteens available in Ghaziabad. And then analyses the data which was collected from market. And then come to a conclusion on the basis of that analyzed data and information. After all it becomes possible to make a meaningful and useful report.

COMPANY PROFILE
HaldiRams Corporate Success Story Dreams Blooming into Reality
HaldiRams : The Company which is today synonymous with Indian snacks and sweet food market started the first chapter of the saga, as a small sweet shop in Bikaner, Rajasthan in 1935 . By 1982, the company had set up its business in Kolkata, Nagpur & the bustling Chandni-Chowk in Delhi. An important diversification was inroads into the restaurant business with HaldiRam having 11 restaurants cum showrooms at premium locations of Delhi & NCR with plan to open various outlets in Northern India. Promoted by two 1st generation entrepreneurs Mr. M.L. Agarwal & Mr. M. S. Agarwal and backed by Board of Directors ( Mr. Pankaj, Anand, Amit, Ashish & Umesh Agarwal) and Management Team (Dr. A.K Tyagi (Pres), P.K. Agarwal (Consultant) , Rahul Kathuria , VK Gupta, Mr. A.K. Tyagi) , today, the Vision and Mission of the company is to have global presence as Food & beverage company through Innovation Professionalization Expansion Strategic Approach and, Business Acquisition Haldiram is on the way of its vision as today it is an ISO 9001 & HACCP certified company and has presence all over India, 62 countries (UK, US , Germany, Australia, UAE- to name a few) in world and top supermarkets of the world like TESCO, SOMMERFIELD, SPINNEYS, CARREFOUR. The fact that today HaldiRam exports 60 mn dollars goods and has registered 40% growth over last 5 years itself tells its success story Haldirams success saga is because of the pro-active thinking of making access into the traditional, fresh homemade food and skillfully converting it into a product line extension.
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With it they have busted the myth that Indian consumers will not pay extra for western concept of packaged food and that two of the Indian Household kitchen category. Haldirams ingredients of success recipe includes a diversified product portfolio, stringent quality controls, good raw material, storage, production and packaging processes which has resulted in unparallel taste and extended shelf life, Also Haldirams sensitivity to catering to

the local palates (30 40% of Haldiram flavours are sensitized to suit local taste) has resulted in creating a loyal consumer base . Also no Modern trade is complete without stocking HaldiRams products. Also the Supply Chain which is broken down into two categories of retail and institutional sales is managed well by strong network of C&F, Distributors, Wholesalers and Retailers to make the product available at remotest town of the country. HaldiRam has managed details of right technology, packaging standardizations, consumer affordability, quality tasty products, and volume deliverables extremely well to weave the magical success saga. Last but not the least, the People behind the product the local talent needs mentioning as they have helped HaldiRam grow big. Today, Haldiram can proudly claim that what began as a small-time enterprise in India is a global phenomenon now and HALDIRAMS IS WAY OF LIFE FOR INDIANS NO MATTER WHICH COUNTRY THEY LIVE IN. Present Stock Now Today, Haldirams is a 1735.9 cr brand that is a familiar sight on shelves across the USA, UK and the Middle East. Non Resident Indians carry back packets of Haldirams along with the farewells and nostalgia. And it is this name that they look for as they scan shops for familiar scents and sights. Presently it has four plants in and around Delhi that produce 50 tonnes of namkeens (56 varieties), 20 tonnes of chips, papad (7 varieties) and fun food and 5 tonnes of tinned sweets (12 varieties) and soan papdi, on daily basis. Two more production units are coming up which will not only increase capacity but also makes it possible for us to introduce new product lines. For over 60 years now, the firm has been unifying the palate of India. It has not been the simplest of tasks; India speaks different taste buds to match. However, today it is a name that has become synonymous with taste and quality not only within India but the world over. Today Haldirams occupies considerable shelf space at prominent supermark ets the world over: Tesco, Summerfield, Sipneys, and Carrefore. From traditional Indian sweets and savouries to the more international chips, cookies, nuts and sherbets, its products are fast capturing the imagination of people making it possible for it to aim for deep penetration in the Middle East, East Europe and parts of North Africa.
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Future Leveraging Our Existing Equity The firm plans to leverage its equity in the domestic and international market to become a food corporation with not just branded products under its belt but also restaurants, retail chains and wide portfolio that includes such diverse products as milk-based food and noodles. In the near future it hopes to be in places such as Algeria, Jorden, Yemen, Taiwan, Columbia, Cyprus, Ukraine, Libya, Tunisia, Egypt, Armenia, West Indies, Sweden, Finland, Trinidad, and Tobago. Haldirams success saga is because of the pro-active thinking of making access into the traditional, fresh homemade food and skilfully converting it into a product line extension. With they have busted the myth that Indian consumers will not pay extra for western concept of packaged food and that too of the Indian Household kitchen category. It has also invested considerably in an advanced processing and packaging unit, which enables it to marry tradition with technology. This is why, no matter whose shelf our product sits on, it always stands on its own. Also the Supply Chain which is broken down into two categories of retail and institutional sales is managed well by strong network of C&F, Distributors, Wholesalers and Retailers to make the product available at remotest town of the country.

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Awards & Achievements


Haldirams is an ISO 9002 and HACCP recognized company with several awards under its belt. International Award for Food & Beverages awarded by Trade Leaders Club in Barcelona, Spain in 1994. Kashalkar Memorial Award presented by All India Food Preservers Association in 1996 at its Golden Jubilee Celebration for manufacturing the best quality food products. Hind Ratan Award.97 given by NRI Welfare Society of India Brand Equity Award 1998 was awarded by Progress Harmony Development Chamber of Commerce & Industry in recognition of creating a successful Indian brand. APEDA Export Award 2001-2002 was awarded by Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority for outstanding contribution to the promotion of Agricultural & Processed Food Products during the year 2001-2002. MERA Delhi Award was awarded by Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority in the year 2004. AMITY LEADERSHIP AWARD -2008 was awarded by Amity Business School, Amity University for best H R practices (Retail) in the year 2008.

SALES TURNOVER (2008-09 TO 2012-13)


Sales Turnover 2008-09 2009-10 Rs (crores) 774 937

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2010-11 2011-12 2012-13

1177 1477 1736

DISTRIBUTION FLOW CHART


Haldirams transacts on an advance RTGS basis from its wholesale dealers instead of the cheque or cash system adopted by other major FMCG companies. This practice is consistent with Haldirams philosophy of maintaining cash transactions throughout the supp ly chain and it also minimizes dumping. Distributers carry inventory that is just adequate to take care of the transit time from the branch warehouse (C&F) to their premises. This just-in-time inventory strategy improves dealers return on investment (ROI). All Haldirams branches engage in route scheduling and have dedicated vehicle operations.

INDUSTRY DISTRIBUTION NETWORK

FACTORY

C&F

INSTITUTIONAL SALES

DISTRIBUTORS

WHOLESALERS

RETAILERS

RETAILERS

CONSUMERS

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Operational States: Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, J&K , Rajasthan, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, North East.

PROMOTERS
Mr. Manohal Lal Agarwal (Chairman) Mr. Anand Agarwal (MD) Mr. Ashish Agarwal (Executive Director)

Board of directors

Managing director

President

Accounts & finance manager

R&d

Sales and marketing

Gmoperation s

I am working under the sales & marketing manager Mr. Gaurav mahajan.

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Products And Manufacturing Units


Namkeens :: Produced at Haldiram Manufacturing Mathura road HALKA FULKA MIXTURE HARA CHIDWA ALL IN ONE ALOO BHUJIA BOMBAY CHANA BOMBAY MIXTURE BOONDI BHUJIA MIXTURE

CHANA DAL CHANA JOR GARAM

BANANA CHIPS BANANA CHIPS MASALA BANANA CHIPS SALTED BANANA CHIPS TANGY TOMATO

CHIDWA PLAIN CORN FLAKE MIXTURE

KABLI CHANA

BOONDI MASALA

KAJU DAL BIJI

BOONDI PLAIN

DAL BIJI

KAJU MASALA

BOONDI RAITA

GHATIA FALAHARI MIXTURE

KAJU MIXTURE KAJU SALTED

BHELPURI

CHAIPURI

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BHUJIA BHUJIA PLAIN

CHAKOLI CHANA CRACKER

FALAHARI WAFFER GUJRATI MIXTURE

KANPURI MIXTURE KARANCHI MIXTURE KASHMIRI MIXTURE KAKHARA CORIANDER KAKHARA JEERA

SAMOSA

OM PURI

NAVRATTAN NIMBU MASALA

SEM BEEJ SAHI MIXTURE MOONG DAL MASALA MOONG DAL MAST MASALA MOONG DAL CHATAK MASALA KHATTA MEETHA

PANI PURI PUNJABI TADKA

NUT MIX

METHI SEV

LONG SEV

KAKHARA MASALA

MINI BHAKAR BADI

MADARASI MIXTURE

KAKHARA METHI

MOODI MIXTURE MOONG DAL

MASALA TWIST

KAKHARA PLAIN

MATHRI

Namkeens: Produced at Haldiram Manufacturing Gurgaon

BHELPURI BHUJIA BHUJIA PLAIN


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MOONG DAL MASALA

MOONG DAL MAST MASALA

MOONG DAL MOONG DAL CHATAK MASALA PANIPURI

Namkeens:: Produced at Haldiram Snacks Pvt Ltd B1 Noida Bhujia Navrattan All in one Kashmiri mixture Chana dal Bombay chana Methi sev Chilli pataka Aloo bhujia Moong dal Dal biji Shahi mixture Chana cracker Kabuli chana Karodpati Bikaneri malai sev Hara chidwa Mini bhakhar badi Murukku Khatta mitha Panjabi tadka Bombay mix Kaju mixture Chana jor gram Long sev Teekha sev Chatpata matar

Nimbu masala Gujarati mixture

Halka fulka mixture chakoli

Madrasi mixture

Cornflakes mixture

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Snacks ( Items & Products in this category )

Snacks :: Produced at Haldiram Snacks Pvt Ltd B1 Noida

Pudina Treat (Chips) Classic Salted (Chips) Mast Masala (Chips) Tangy Tomato (Chips) Papri chaat (Chips)

Takatak Masala NATKHAT TOMATO (Takatak) Cheezi Balls (Whoopies) Chatpata Stix (Whoopies) Heart Beat (Whoopies)

Aloo Masala

Sour & Cream Onion

Boletos

Ringos

Aloo masala

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Sweets ( Items & Products in this category )

Sweets :: Produced at Haldiram Snacks Noida

Rasgulla

Chamcham

Kalam petha White Rasbhari Kesar Gandheri Soan papdi chocolate

Rasmalai

Rajbhog Kesar Rasbhari Soan papdi vegetable ghee

Gulab jamun Soan papdi desi ghee

Soan papdi coconut dry petha

Soan papdi orange Patisa

Soan cake

Soan halwa

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COMPETITORS
COMPETITORS OF HALDIRAMS The snack industry in Ghaziabad is highly competitive where not only National and International brands exist but also local brands have made their prominently. Among all HALDIRAMS has the advantage of early mover but others also picking up quickly. There are many competitors in Ghaziabad for Haldirams which a matter of concern. The list of Haldirams competitors is as follows: Snacks Bingo lays, kurkure, oye oye,

Diamond Some local regional players Namkeens Bikaji Bikaner wala, jains,

bikano, Balaji

Lehar Some local regional players


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Papad Lijjat Bikaji

Some local regional players Sweets Bikaner wala Syrups Roohafza Kisan Dabur Bengali sweets Bikaner Some local regional players ( sudha ,paras)

Some local regional players

Ready To Eat (RET) milk maid nestle Some local regional players (Aussi food pvt. Ltd. (Rte) delhi; Arkriti foods pvt ltd. (rte) delhi)

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Biscuit Britannia priya gold bakemans parle sunfeast

Some local regional players RESTAURANT

Nathus Evergreens Bengali Sweets Sagar Ratna McDonalds & Nirulas Yo! China Local Sweet Shops

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OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT


In marketing only project report is not required there must be some objective or goal because without any goal and objective , no project Report can be completed in true sense so the main objective of doing this project Report is confined to completion of some work that is assigned to you for some reason : What the subject or papers that is being taught in classroom at M.B.A program is completely theoretical so during the summer training you can compare and learn how the marketing activity in an organization varies with theory and how this theoretical knowledge is being applied in an organization and how much they are being applicable so its quite helpful to know and understand. To create the contact with working of an organization and see the different types of marketing activities. It also helps us to take knowledge about product distributor promotion and buying behavior. It also helps in knowing how various tools and techniques are being used . To find out the types of channel, by which product is selling and to know monopoly and average sales of these outlets.

Followings are the objectives of the project To study the data trending and analysis To understand forecasting based on this trending To check out visibility and ability of declining product in the market. To study the distribution network of Haldiram products. To study about consumer and retailers perception regarding Haldirams namkeens and chips To carry out a competitive analysis of Haldirams Snacks vis--vis competitor brands in the same segment available in Ghaziabad based on parameters such as pricing, product range, packaging, profit margins to retailers, discounts and credit policies provided to retailers.

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SCOPE OF THE PROJECT


Scope of the project means the area which we cover under our project and how it is beneficial. In my project I use to deal with the main areas of marketing. And also during this project I have to do forecasting and find out inclining and declining products. In this report of the project you will find that what and how marketing plays an important role in business development. During this project, I did a survey which reveals the current status of the companies services and the competitors position in the market. And the outcomes of that survey company can use for their enhancement and to increase their business.

USE AND IMPORTANCE OF PROJECTUse and importance of the project, means the practical applications of all the marketing concept in the project and the practical knowledge which I get during my summer internship is benefactor for my career. I worked on many variants in this project. Followings are the use and importance of the project (1) During this project I have learn about different marketing concept with their practical use. 2) During this project I have learn the way & importance of retailers handling 3) I am mainly involved with the selling and distribution of the snacks and namkeens. 4) In this project I will also assess the market &check the availability and visibility of product in the market

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METHODODLOGY
Methodology includes the overall research procedures, which are followed in the research study. This includes Research design, the sampling procedures, and the data collection method and analysis procedures. Research Objective Objective of the report is to learn the facets of marketing and do the monitoring and counter selling for Haldiram PVT. LTD. Along with I will also work in the following areas: Market visit for retail shops Research on customer satisfaction Sales & Distribution Promotional strategy

Sample Design
A sample design is a definite plan for obtaining a sample from a given population. It refers to the technique or the procedure the researcher would adopt in selecting items for the sample. For these investigation Sample size: For market visit- 100 retail outlet. For consumer survey 100 customers Trending- previous 2 year data Area of operation: For market visit- Ghaziabad Forecasting & trending - sales
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Area of sampling:

GHAZIBAD Vasundhara Vaishali Patelnagar Pratap Vihar Rahul Vihar Vijaynagar Kavinagar Sanjay Nagar Modinagar Muradnagar Duhai RAJNAGAR

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Research design:Type: Exploratory research design using secondary data analysis Descriptive research design using survey method Survey using personal interview (face to face) interview method Sources of information: survey by means of structured undisguised and general face to

face interaction with outlet holders and distributers and used some secondary data.

Methods of data collection: - It can be obtained either through direct communication with respondents in one form or another or through personal interviews. Questionnaire and interviewing are main weapons to collect data. There are mainly two types of data Primary Data Secondary Data Primary research entails the use of immediate data in determining the survival of the market. The popular ways to collect primary data consist of surveys, interviews and focus groups, which shows that direct relationship between potential customers and the companies. Whereas secondary research is a means to reprocess and reuse collected information as an indication for betterments of the service or product. Both primary and secondary data are useful for businesses but both may differ from each other in various aspects.

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Type of data to collect Categorical nominal-observations that can be coded ordinal-observations that can be ranked Continuous -Observations that can be counted or measured Mixed matrix of categorical and continuous data

Following are the ways through which data can be collected Observations Interviews Reports Records Tools of data analysis: - Excel and Well structured questionnaires might be referred for data analysis. TYPE OF RESEARCH METHODFour types of research methods: Qualitative Quantitative Mixed (qualitative and quantitative) Critical and action oriented

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In these report data is collected by means of survey. A format was made for collecting the data in which important questions was being prepared for collecting the data e.g. to know the market share of haldirams total demand existing in the market whats the share of competitors .consumers preferences tastes and age group which mainly use the products of haldirams, class of people mainly using haldirams products. What are tools and techniques that are being used by the company to increase the sales of company? Field works For interviewing the retailers & distributors went to each and every shops & outlets where namkeens chips and other things of company was sold school, college, hospital, Dhabas, restaurant of Ghaziabad. Thus I interview about 100 retailers canteen owners and the entire distributor over the entire Ghaziabad. I asked them to help me in filling the format of questionnaires for collecting data. MEETING WITH THE DISTRIBUTERS We have taken prior appointment with the distributors who supplies Haldirams products in the various areas of Ghaziabad. We fix our appointment on different dates with different distributors. The Distributors which we have covered are: Madhur traders R.S. Distributors Balaji enterprises Dhanshree enterprises Sanchar System Ashok Traders We have covered these 6 Distributors and work with them in selling & distribution of haldiram snacks and namkeens for the purpose regarding the retail penetration of the Haldirams Western Snacks for fulfilment of our project objective and to know the various aspects of distribution and the pros and cons of the Haldirams products.

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We met these Distributors and discussed about the following things: Which types of Packaging he is supplying in the market? How many retailers he is covering? Which packaging account highest sales? What schemes you are getting and what type of schemes you are offering to the retailers. What is the frequency of reorder? What are the profit margin they gets? Market penetration of products. Storage and transportation issue. Replacement they get and provide to the retailers.

Madhur traders We visited Madhur traders many times during the training period He is working with Haldirams from past 1 and half years. It is owned by Mr. Sandeep gupta He is covering around 200 retailers in Muradnagar market. He stores large SQs of all namkeens He gets 7% profit margins of total sales.

R.S. Distributors We had visited R.S. Distributors five times It is owned by Mr.Kapil He is working with haldirams from 2 month He is covering Pratap Vihar Market He stores snacks and small namkeen He is new in distribution areas He gets 7% profit margins of total sales.

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Balaji enterprises It is owned by Mr. Kuldeep. He is covering around 400 retailers. He stores all trading products He is working with haldiram from last 5 years He gets 7% profit margins of total sales. He is not getting any schemes

Sanchar System It is owned by Mr. Krishlay. He is covering Vaishali and Vasundhara market. He stores all large namkeens He starts working in haldiram from 15-07-2013 He gets 6% profit margins of total sales.

PROS AND CONS OF HALDIRAMS ACCORDING TO THE DISTRIBUTORS After taking the interview with distributors there are few pros and cons which comes to account and which contribute a very important positive and negative things about the Haldirams. The various pros and cons of Haldirams are as follows:

Pros: Quality of Haldirams is quite good as compared to the other brands available in the market. The Brand equity is high. The Price is at par with the other running brands in the markets. The weightage of packaging is good The Taste is very good. Products are available in a large variety.

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Cons: The profit margins are less Company does not give sales person for the distribution. The distribution is uneven, not supplying the demanded products on time. Very less promotional activities No schemes provided. No incentives offered to the Distributors. The replacement of expired products takes a lot of time. The chips manufactures in different batches taste different from every batch. Irregular supply of SQs to the distributers Frequent changes in the packaging lot of packets without air in the case

SUGGESTIONS GIVEN BY DISTRIBUTORS After discussing various things with the distributors, they have given few suggestions how Haldirams can improve distribution and other important things to increase the sales and satisfaction level with Distributors and retailers. There are following suggestions: Haldirams should give sales person support to the distributers Haldirams should improve their promotional strategies to make the local people more aware of its entire range of its products. Haldirams should provide motivating incentives schemes. Haldirams should replace the expired products and rat cutting also in less time. Haldirams should improve the supply of products from the C&F agents to the distributors.

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DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION HYPOTHESIS TEST


The data that has been collected by means of survey and questionnaires has been analyzed and tested by excel and then result has been interfered .various graphs and chart bars are used to interfere the data While preparing the data it has been kept in mind that the data should be coherent and there should be no biasness Field editing (that is detail of data has been collected) Abbreviations and short forms not used Readability and understandability Inadequate answers has been removed that is (incomplete answers, left blanked answers) Mistakes that has been accursed in collecting the data has been removed

HYPOTHESIS TEST
The various method of hypothesis test that has been used in analyzing the products are various test like Z TEST F TEST T TEST CHI SQUARE TEST PARAMETRIC TEST NON PARAMETRIC TEST Parametric and non parametric test both has been used to analyse the data and has been tried that data should represent the true data.

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NAMKEENS SHARE IN GHAJIBAD MARKET

Sales
13% 17% HALDIRAM'S 60% 20% BIKANERWALA BALAJI OTHERS

The data about consumptions and different namkeens sold in market has been collected and it has been observed that haldirams capture highest percent share in namkeens and it is about 60% share, balaji captures 17% of market share ,bikanerwala holds 20% share of market and rest has been captured by other brands.

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DEMAND OF CHIPS IN GHAZIABAD MARKET


Among the different brands of chips that is being sold in market .on basis of

Chips share in ghaziabad market


9% 12% 7% 30% Lays Haldiram's ITC 15% 27% Bikano Oyes Others

data collected and analysis lays captures highest share in market that is 30% of market share, haldirams also captures quite good share of market. On analysis % share of different brand is shown

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Different consequence that adds in sales volume

45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0%

Series1

Various factors that helps to increase the sales volume of products


Taste is the major factor on which sales of a product depends .there are also secondary factors on which also quite good share of sales depends that is advertisements, packaging, brand and other factors.

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PACKET SIZE

80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

75%

50% 40%

60% Series 1 Series 2 Series 3 Series 3 Series 2

18 gm

42 gm

Series 1 47 gm 77 gm

Sales of products also depends on packet size of products it can be easily seen that 15gm packet size is sold in much higher volume compared to120 gm or 60gm. So it can be interfered that packet size also affects sales volume. There are people of different type and classes so thats why smaller packet size is sold in higher volume.

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140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0-20 20-40 40-60 60above Series1

Different age group users of namkeens of different brands


Namkeens and chips are mainly used by persons who belong to age group of 0-20 it should be kept in mind that the mainly teenagers and childs are the persons who are occupying highest share in sales volume of these products. other age persons are occupying 40% sales volume of all these products.

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140 120 100 80


Series1

60 40 20 0 Series1 takatak 62 chips 117 whoopies 21

Among the different brands of haldirams western namkeens products that is takatak chips whoopies. chips is mainly the segment which captures highest share in the market and it is also sold in higher volume compareable to other products.

Takatak is also sold in good volume as comparable to whoopies, takatak also occupies good volume of market share.

Whoopies is not sold in higher volume but in future it may be sold in good volume because consumers are not aware of these product.

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others 39%

quality 50%

quality packaging others

packaging 11%

Quality is major factors on which sales volume of products depend on basis of survey it has been observed that it is major factor on which sales volume of product depends.

Packaging also occupies good share in sales of a products it is also demand of today era and on it sales volume of products depend.

Others factor is also quite essential for sale of a product e.g. advertisement, brand and other factors also occupy quite a good percentage.

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12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1
yes no cant say

Surveys of consumers are you satisfied with Haldirams products


While doing the survey it has been observed that maximum consumers of Haldirams are satisfied with products that is quality , packaging ,tastes and other factors.

There are few consumers they have said that they are not satisfied with Haldirams product they said that quality is not up to the mark.

There are some consumers who said neither yes nor no that is cant say.

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ocasionally 18%

regular 32%
regular parttime ocasionally

part-time 50%

Users of Haldirams products

Part time users are those type of users who use haldirams products anywhere any time. They occupy highest share that is 50%

Regular user compromises of about32% who always use haldirams products.

18% users are of that type by chance they use Haldirams products.

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BRANDS AWARENESS OF CONSUMER FOR CHIPS SEGMENT

BRAND AWARENESS FOR CHIPS SEGMENT

15%

23%

LAYS HALDIRAM'S ITC BIKANERWALA

10%

14%

21% 17%

OYES OTHERS

There are so many brands that offer there products in market Lays:- everyone is aware of these product and so it occupies highest sales volume Haldirams it is known brand and performance is quite well Itc is also a renowed brand but its performance is not up to the mark as it spends huge money in promotion Bikanerwala is a growing brand Oyes is also a quick growing brand Others struglling to capture the market

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BRAND PREFERENCE OF CONSUMERS


60 50 40 30 20 10 0 lays itc haldirams Series1 bikano others

Among the different brand existing in market preference of consumers

LAYS is the first preference of consumers and performs well ITC is also doing best and occupies second preference in chips

HALDIRAMS is also good but its third preference of consumers

BIKANO becoming a new brand name and trying to capture market

Others trying their best but still much to do. They are not able to survive in market.

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TOTAL CONSUMPTION OF DIFFERENT BRANDS


others 19% balaji 6% bikanerwala 9% itc 14% haldirams 31% lays 21%

TOTAL CONSUMPTION OF ALL PRODUCTS


HALDIRAMS captures highest share in total consumption of fmcg products and occupies first position

LAYS comes in second position in overall consumption ITC comes 3rd in position in overall consumption Bikanerwala still trying to capture the market and thers are also trying.

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Swot analysis

Strength Opportunity

Weakness Threats

Strength 1. A nationwide manufacturer and strong distribution channel 2. Strong control over distributors 3. Haldiram is the master brand in Namkeen and growing its chips. 4. Engage in proportioning through out the year. 5. Employees are very much devoted to there works Weakness 1. Feedback system doesnt work property. 2. Proper Importance isnt gives to the retailers. 3. Low profit margin to the distributors. 4. Weak in chips segment. 5. Low profit margin to the retailers in Namkeen Segment. Opportunity 1. Steel big empty market 2. Huge demand in the month of August to March.

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Threats 1. Facilities provided by the Lays, is offering credit sales. 2. Lays and Kurkure paints the outlets regularly. 3. Matter of low hygienic foods. 4. Insects are found 5. Entrance of Local product. 6. Distributor attitude 7. Undercutting to the Whole sale market.

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Marketing mix is the set of marketing tools that the film uses to pursue it marketing objective in the target market. Marketing Mix of Haldirams Products Chips, Namkeens , Sweets , Pickles , papad , Syrup , Woopies Chips There are six flavors in chips classics salt Pudina treat Paprika Mast Masala Bolelos N salt

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Taste of chips Pudina treat Peprika Taste of pudina Taste of green chill Taste of Tomato Plain $ only salted.

Mast masala Classic salt Boletos N salted Ruffles: Takatak Whoopies Namkeen: Bhujia Aalu Bhujia All in one Kaju Mixer Kashamiri mixer Bombay mixer Nut cracker -

Masala salted

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Peanut Plain Salted Masala Panch rattan Khan meether Neembu Masala Channa Bombay Channa Madrasi Channa Kabli Channa Channa Dal Mix Pinnet Mix Mirchi Pinnet Chatpati Dal Papad Javitri Medium Panjabi

Mirchi

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Syrup Mango pana Kaala khata Thandi Badam kesariya Rose Khus Lemon Pickles Mango Mirchi Lemon

Mix

Sweets There are so many sweets at show room but only few are available in packets and canes Soon papari Soan cake Raasgulla Chumchm Gulab jamun Cookies, biscuits and cake are available in retail market

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Product Qualities Impeccable qualities, They focus on TQM before the finish like because the quality along if advertisement which Haldiram gives as a competitive edge design innovative of packets day by day. It is a popular due to its colorful packets of Namkeen which is unbeatable by other brands.

Features:Testy Snacks , Suitable with drinks as well as serving guest Brand name:Huge brand name nation wide Warranty Takes in return when product expires or any or any other damage which is accidentals. Price:The Discount Depends upon the sales executive, and retailers bargaining and as different scheme. Allowance Fixed, as per distributor target and companies target to the sales person.
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price

is

different

for

different

product

chips.

Public relations Marketing sales executive pays a visit to retailer time to time. Sales executive Create new counters for that particular distributor on which he is working. Promotion Scheme like scratch coupon, Discount coupon, Bags, Caps, T- shirt, Win cheaters etc. are given to retailer and customer Note:-Discount coupon are double edge sword , to the customers because when customer gets and
discount coupon He/ She goes to show room of Haldirams and buys another product and thus he become a new customer another product.

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Place
One of the most important thing any companies is the place. When the company sales its product and for a good sales volume, the listenable things are segmenting targeting, and positioning is must. For this work the company recognized its customer i.e. who are the customer and where are they. Then he starts working. The coupon its customer and market place. Then target them and after all it creates a position in the customer mind. The Haldirams work in to ways since it is the market leads in Namkeen market so, it does not care of its competitor and need not to work more for its promotion and position due to its quality and brand name , but for chips its work regularly.

The company segment its market in two type . 1. Retail market 2. Institutional market. Retail Market The company has kept all the open market as retail market in miss all the shop, Early shops, grocery shop, and general store are included.

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Institutional market In this segment the company has kept all the institutional shop/ contents. In this segment collage canteens, school canteens , hospital canteen, Restaurant, cinema halls, shopping malls, its are included.

ABOUT THE MARKET

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List of account visited in survey and their status


Sr. No. 1 Name Of Account Shri Balaji Hotel Address DelhiMeerut Road, Modinagar, Ghaziabad DelhiMeerut Road, Modinagar, Ghaziabad DelhiMeerut Road, Modinagar, Ghaziabad DelhiMeerut Road, Modinagar, Ghaziabad DelhiMeerut Road, Modinagar, Ghaziabad DelhiMeerut Road, Modinagar, Ghaziabad DelhiMeerut Road, Modinagar, Ghaziabad DelhiMeerut Road, Modinagar, Ghaziabad Sec-5, Vaishali, Ghaziabad Phone 8057873418 Remarks Monopoly Of Haldirams

Chaudhary Hotel

9720651137

Running

Satguru confectionary

9634963714

Running

Welcome hotel

Running

Yadav Dhaba

Running

Suman Theatre

935870112

Running

Shiv Confectionary

9837510865

Running

Guru ji confectionary

9557017026

Running

10

Pawan departmental store

9210900091

Running

11

Priyanka store

Sec-5, Vaishali, Ghaziabad

9350590229

Running

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12

Sonu traders

C-2a Janakpuri

9312059472

Running

13

Charu store

Raj nagar sanjay nagar

Running

14

Sweets store

Raj nagar sector -7

Running

15

Akash stores

Raj nagar r.d.c

Running

16

Dinesh traders

Ghanta ghar

Running

17

Sham agency

Lohiya nagar

999256533

Running

18

Deepak sales

Nehru nagar III-C-222

9871660825

Running

19

Krishna traders

Vijay nagar

9899230830

Running

20

Manisha & company

Pandav nagar144\1

Running

21

Home buddy

Sec-5, Vaishali, Ghaziabad

9988226817

Running

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22

Garg store

Sec-5, Vaishali, Ghaziabad

9891317626

Running

23

Exotic mart

Sec-5, Vaishali, Ghaziabad

9588819526

Running

24

Aggrawal sweet india

Sec-5, Vaishali, Ghaziabad

9312099378

Running

25

Sohan stores

Patel nagar

Running

26

Yadav stores

Patel nagar

Running

27

Radhey sham stores

Patel nagar

Running

28

Om stores

Lal quan

Running

29

Rajnesh stores

Lal quan

Not Interested(Due To Print Mrp)

30 Rama bakery

Ambedkar road

Not Interested

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Findings
The first and the major problem is that the company does not have direct and permanent contract with retailers. It is general complain that there is a big communication gap between the company and the retailers and no one is to solve their problem. The second problem of retailers is non availability of quick response of distributors. Distributors do not send the ready stock and thus the delivery man suffers the problems when the retailer demands in emergency. One of the major problems is i.e. they are the price difference. They are getting same product in different price from others suppliers (the other suppliers are giving on less price and schemes) thus this problem is very big for distributors and suppliers both. Second problem is wholesale market; the wholesale market is creating problem entering in distributors areas. The problem faced by the distributors is lack of stands in market. This problem disturbs the distributors and retailers both. Retailers demand stands to distributors because executive of others company does not allow to use their stands to put our product. There are no any wall paintings or banners in canteens as signage o f Haldirams product while the competitors are providing many facilities like this.

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Suggestion
Company should consider the problems of retailers and canteens owner. Company should problems of distributors. Resettlement of dispute like non payments and wrong commitment problems is necessary by another executive. Stand should be provided to needy retailers because another companys executive creates problem. Company should give the stands and racks to each and every counters where its product is sold. Company should prevent the interference of distributor in each others areas. Company should prevent the undercutting in market. Company should prevent the wholesale disturbance. Company should give the incentives to its executives as extra benefits after salary. Company should listen and care of sales executive. Company should recognize the problems in market. The very necessary work is market screening and recognizing the strength and weaknesses of competitors.

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Company should spend some amount on advertisement of its products because the competitors are using celebrities as their promoter in ads. For Kurkure Juhi Chawla and for Lays Saif Ali Khan. Company should provide display to canteens and cafeterias. Company should paints the walls of cafeterias time to time because its competitors do this, this will bound the retailers to sale our product .

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LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY


Absolute sales figures obtained from the survey through retailers may be inflated. The brand level penetration study is limited because the project is only dealing with Western Snacks and namkeen products and not the entire range of Snacks products available. Absolute sales figures for competitor brands obtained from sample space of retailers are insufficient to draw an analysis of sales performance for competitor brands. Given the time limit and scope of the project Market Penetration of Haldirams Western Snacks has not been calculated using the method of Total Sales to Total Consumer Base. Penetration percentage of Haldirams Western Snacks in the study will denote only an estimate of the availability of the product line in the Retail market. Given the time limit and constraints Competitive Analysis does not include identification of Indirect Competitors (substitutes). Interviewers judgment is used to fill the questionnaire according to the responses given by the retailers.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY
Books PHILIP KOTLER, GARY ARMSTRONG, PRAFULLA Y. AGNIHOTRI, ESHAN UL Haque 2010. A South Asian Perspective, 13th Edition. Pallant, Julie (2007). SPSS Survival Manual, 3rd edition, Open University Press, The McGraw-Hill Companies Malhotra, N. K. (2004). Marketing research: an applied orientation, 4th edition, Prentice-Hall International, London William G Zikmund, Barry J Babin, Jon C Carr(2009). Business Research Methods, 8th Edition, South Western Educational Publishing, United States. Websites http://www.haldiram.com http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sampling http://www.emeraldinsight.com/ Dr. Pankaj Madan, Gurukul Kangri, Retail industry: Next growth engine for Indian Economy. Available from : http://www.scribd.com/doc/18286308/Retail-Industry http://www.indiainbusiness.nic.in/ http://www.slideshare.com/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retailing_in_India http://www.bizmove.com/general/m6j.htm http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/modern-format-stores-growingstrongly-acnielsen/262342/
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http://profit.ndtv.com/news/show/assessing-the-impact-of-organized-retail-on-kiranastores-89419

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QUESTIONARIES ON GHAZIBAD AREA ON WESTWRN NAMKEEN &NAMKEENS


NAME AGE SEX LOCATION Q1 which product is sold in higher volume Ans takatak Chips Whoopies Q2 which of the company western namkeens are sold in the market Ans Itc Lays Haldirams Q3 which class of people are mostly using namkeens Ans higherclass Middleclass Lowerclass Q4whom do you think to be comptetior of haldirams in western namkeens Ans bikaji Itc Lays Q5 Total share of haldiram namkeens demanded in the market Q6 total share of other brands namkeens demanded in the market
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Q7 what volume of total demand of western namkeens persist in the market Q8 What age group are mainly using western namkeens Ans 0-20 20-40 40-60 60above Questions to consumers Q9 which product you like most Ans takatak Chips Whoopies Namkeens

Q10 haldirams namkeens are easily available or not Ans yes No Q11which type of user you are Ans regular Parttime Occasionally Q12hou many times you used western namkeens Ans once aday Twice aday Many times aday
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Q13Which product you like most Ans haldirams chips Bingo Lays chips Kurkure Q14 are you using western namkeens first time or you are regular user Ans yes No Q15which size or volume you are using Ans 18gm 42gm 47gm 77gm Q16why western namkeens are more demanded than traditional Ans yes No Q18 Any improvement required Ans quality Packaging Others Q18 what are expectations from western namkeens Ans

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