Set 1

Q. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is being grown in a chemostat converts glucose to biomass, ethanol, glycerol and carbon dioxide. At steady state, the concentration of glucose, biomass, ethanol and glycerol will (a)decrease with time (b)increase with time (c)be constant (d)change randomly with time Q. A continuous bioreactor in which only the flow rate is used to control the rate of cell or product productivity is called (a)Turbidostat (b)Chemostat (c)level stat (d)pH Q. Mixing in an anaerobic sludge blanket reactor is due to (a) rapid change in water temperatures throughout the reactor (b)release of gases by the microbial populations (c)swimming of microbes (d)none of the above

Q. Formation of end product by Lactococcus lactis will become non-growth associated as lactic acid accumulates because (a)cells will redirect ATP to anabolism (b)cells will redirect NAD+ to anabolism (c)cells will redirect ATP to facilitate the diffusion of lactic acid and H+ out of the cells (d)cells will redirect ATP to the active transport of lactic acid and H+ out of the cells

Q. The continuous cultures are not widely used in industry because (a)they are not suited for the production of secondary metabolites (b)contamination or mutation can have a disastrous effect on the operation (c)the government will not approve the licensing of pharmaceuticals produced in continuous cultures (d)all of the above

Q. The lowest yield of ATP /is in (a)Fermentation (b)aerobic respiration (c)anaerobic respiration (d)same in (a), (b) and (c) Q. When two populations compete for a single growth limiting substrate in a continuous fermenter, which organism would not be washed out? (a)When two populations compete for a single growth limiting substrate in a continuous fermenter, which organism would not be washed out? (b)Organism maintaining the lowest substrate concentration (c)Both (a) and (b) (d)Organism maintaining the moderate substrate concentration Q. The lowest biomass yield in a culture of Escherichia coli will be in (a)an aerated batch culture containing a initial high concentration of glucose (b)an aerated batch reactor containing an initial low concentration of glucose (c)an aerated fed-batch reactor having a low glucose concentration (d)an aerated continuous reactor having a low glucose concentration

Q. ______________ is an efficient method for producing energy from biomass. (a)Composting (b)Fermentation (c)Recycling (d)Regeneration Q. Corn starch, cane sugar, and beet sugar all undergo ___________________ in order to transform into ethanol (a)Mechanical Extraction (b)Industrial Biotechnology (c)Mechanical biotechnology (d)Industrial engineering Q. Which biofuel has the highest motor octane number? (a)Unleaded Gasoline (b)Methanol (c)Ethanol (d)Butanol Q. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a type of? (a)Biodiesel (b)Sugar (c)Ethanol (d)Yeast Q. Which of the following is NOT used to produce Ethanol? (a)Corn Starch (b)Oil Crops (c)Cane Sugar (d)Beet Sugar / Microorganisms

Q. The lowest yield of ATP /is in (a)Fermentation (b)aerobic respiration (c) anaerobic respiration (d)same in (a), (b) and (c) Q. When two populations compete for a single growth limiting substrate in a continuous fermenter, which organism would not be washed out? (a) When two populations compete for a single growth limiting substrate in a continuous fermenter, which organism would not be washed out? (b)Organism maintaining the lowest substrate concentration (c)Both (a) and (b) (d)Organism maintaining the moderate substrate concentration

Q. The lowest biomass yield in a culture of Escherichia coli will be in (a)an aerated batch culture containing a initial high concentration of glucose (b)an aerated batch reactor containing an initial low concentration of glucose (c)an aerated fed-batch reactor having a low glucose concentration (d)an aerated continuous reactor having a low glucose concentration Q. ______________ is an efficient method for producing energy from biomass. (a)Composting (b)Fermentation (c)Recycling (d)Regeneration

Q. Corn starch, cane sugar, and beet sugar all undergo ___________________ in order to transform into ethanol (a)Mechanical Extraction (b)Industrial Biotechnology (c)Mechanical biotechnology (d)Industrial engineering

Q. Which biofuel has the highest motor octane number? (a)Unleaded Gasoline (b)Methanol (c)Ethanol (d)Butanol Q. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a type of? (a)Biodiesel (b)Sugar (c)Ethanol (d)Yeast

Q. Which of the following is NOT used to produce Ethanol? (a)Corn Starch (b)Oil Crops (c)Cane Sugar (d)Beet Sugar

Set 2
Q. Pectinase, an enzyme used for increasing yield and for clarifying juice is obtained by (a)oryzae (b)A. niger (c)A.flavus (d)all of these

Q. The Candida species require fermentation equipment lined with plastic because they are extremely sensitive to (a)traces of cobalt (b)traces of nickel (c)traces of iron (d)none of these

Q. Which of the following was the first amino acid to be produced commercially? (a)L-glutamic acid (b)L-lysine (c)cystine (d)methionine

Q. In aerobic yeast fermentation for production of citric acid from alkanes using a fed-batch culture, why alkanes are slowly fed to the yeast? (a)Citric acid is toxic to the cells (b)Alkanes cause foaming (c)Fast addition of alkanes will inhibit the cells and reduce oxygen transfer rates (d)Fast addition of alkanes will cause the cells to grow too quickly

Q. Pectinase, an enzyme used for increasing yield and for clarifying juice is obtained by (a)oryzae (b) A. niger (c) A.flavus (d)all of these

Q. The Candida species require fermentation equipment lined with plastic because they are extremely sensitive to (a)traces of cobalt (b)traces of nickel (c)traces of iron (d)none of these Q. Which of the following was the first amino acid to be produced commercially? (a)L-glutamic acid (b)L-lysine (c)L-cystine (d)L-methionine

Q. In aerobic yeast fermentation for production of citric acid from alkanes using a fed-batch culture, why alkanes are slowly fed to the yeast? (a)Citric acid is toxic to the cells (b)Alkanes cause foaming (c)Fast addition of alkanes will inhibit the cells and reduce oxygen transfer rates (d)Fast addition of alkanes will cause the cells to grow too quickly

Q. 13. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is being grown in a chemostat converts glucose to biomass, ethanol, glycerol and carbon dioxide. At steady state, the concentration of glucose, biomass, ethanol and glycerol will (a)decrease with time (b)increase with time (c)be constant (d)change randomly with time Q. A continuous bioreactor in which only the flow rate is used to control the rate of cell or product productivity is called (a)Turbidostat (b)Chemostat (c)level stat (d)pH

Q. Mixing in an anaerobic sludge blanket reactor is due to (a)rapid change in water temperatures throughout the reactor (b)release of gases by the microbial populations (c)swimming of microbes (d)none of the above

Q. Formation of end product by Lactococcus lactis will become nongrowth associated as lactic acid accumulates because (a)cells will redirect ATP to anabolism (b)cells will redirect NAD+ to anabolism (c)cells will redirect ATP to facilitate the diffusion of lactic acid and H+ out of the cells (d)cells will redirect ATP to the active transport of lactic acid and H+ out of the cells

Q. The continuous cultures are not widely used in industry because (a)they are not suited for the production of secondary metabolites (b)contamination or mutation can have a disastrous effect on the operation (c)the government will not approve the licensing of pharmaceuticals produced in continuous cultures (d)all of the above

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