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House banks in SAP FI

House banks contain the following information:

Bank master data
Information for electronic payment transactions
Bank accounts for each house bank
General ledger accounts for each bank account
Electronic data interchange (EDI) partner profiles and data
medium exchange (DME) details
The payment program uses the house bank ID to determine which
bank to use.

A combination of the house bank ID and the account ID represent each
bank account in the SAP ERP application. This combination is entered
in the G/L account that represents the bank account in the general
You must define bank accounts managed at the house banks. You can
identify these accounts by each house banks unique account ID. The
bank account data contains you banks account number, the account
currency, and the relevant G/L account.
A G/L account must be created for each bank account. This G/L
account is assigned to the bank account and vice versa. Both accounts
must have the same account currency.
When you enter the bank details in the vendor or customer master
record, you can access any banks that were already created in the
bank directory. In this scenario, you only have to enter the bank
country and the bank key; the system automatically sets the name and
address of the bank. If a bank is not in the bank directory, choose
the Bank Data pushbutton in the vendor or customer master record to
add a new bank.
The following are ways to create bank master data:
You can enter bank information in the vendor or the customer
master record, or in Customizing for house banks.
You can import the bank directory from a disk or tape using the
program RFBVALL_0, Country-Specific Transfer of Bank Data.
Customers who use the lockbox function can create a batch input
session that automatically updates customer banking information in
the master record.