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A n I n t r o d u c t i o n

Educators rely heavily on learning activities

that encourage elaborative studying, whereas
activities that require students to practice
retrieving and reconstructing knowledge are
used less frequently. Here, we show that
practicing retrieval produces greater gains in
meaningful learning than elaborative studying
with concept mapping.
Retrieval Practices Produces More Learning than Elaborative Studying with
Concept Mapping, Jeffrey D. Karpicke, Janell R. Blunt, Science (2011)
The advantage of retrieval practice was observed
with test questions that assessed comprehension and
required students to make inferences. The advantage
of retrieval practice occurred even when the criterial
test involved creating concept maps. Our findings
support the theory that retrieval practice enhances
learning by retrieval-specific mechanisms rather than
by elaborative study processes. Retrieval practice is
an effective tool to promote conceptual learning
about science.
Retrieval Practices Produces More Learning than Elaborative Studying
with Concept Mapping, Jeffrey D. Karpicke, Janell R. Blunt, Science
Bloom found that the average student tutored one-to-
one using mastery learning techniques performed two
standard deviations better than students who learn
via conventional instructional methods. This means
the average tutored student was above 98% of the
students in the control class." Additionally, the
variation of the students' achievement changed:
"about 90% of the tutored students ... attained the
level of summative achievement reached by only the
highest 20%" of the control class.
The 2 Sigma Problem: The Search for Methods of Group Instruction as
Effective as One-to-One Tutoring, Benjamin S. Bloom, Educational Researcher
What Were Learning from Online Education
Daphne Koller
Special attention 8:06, 16:31
o Formative just got Formativer
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Socrative takes teachers 3 minutes to set up and
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Browsers: Log in to Socrative on any internet
Apps: Work with a mix of smartphones, tablets,
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Socrative Garden: Blog

Socrative is a team of educators and engineers
passionate about improving education. Having been
in the classroom, we understand the real challenges
facing educators in todays classrooms. In case
youre curious, our platform was designed with
pedagogical underpinnings based on the Teaching
for Understanding framework, Blooms
Taxonomy, the Socratic method and John Seely
Browns philosophy of play, questioning and