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Lower limb muscles

下肢肌

TANG Yan
tangyan@whu.edu.cn
Anatomy Department
Main Contents
Muscles of Hip ( 下肢带肌)
(Muscles of Pelvic Girdle)

Muscles of Thigh (大腿肌)

Muscles of Leg (小腿肌)

Muscles of Foot (足肌)


Muscles of Hip

Anterior group

Iliopsoas
( Psoas major +
Iliacus)
髂腰肌
Tensor fascia lata
阔筋膜张肌 Iliotibial
band
Muscles of Hip
Posterior group
Gluteus maximus
臀大肌
Gluteus medius
臀中肌
Gluteus minimus Lateral view
臀小肌
Muscles of Hip
Posterior group
Piriformis
梨状肌
Superior gemellus
Obturator internus
闭孔内肌
Inferior gemellus
Quadratus femoris
股方肌
Piriformis
Muscles of thigh
Anterior group
Sartorius
缝匠肌
Quadriceps femoris
股四头肌
Rectus femoris 股直肌
Vastus intermedius 中间
Vastus lateralis 外侧
Vastus medialis 内侧

髌 骨,膑 刑 , 孙 膑
bi n gu bi n xi ng sun bi n Rectus
Muscles of thigh
Medial group
Pectineus
耻骨肌
Adductor longus
长收肌
Adductor brevis
短收肌
Adductor magnus
大收肌
Gracilis
股薄肌

adductor hiatus
Muscles of thigh
Posterior group
Biceps femoris
股二头肌
Semitendinosus
半腱肌
Semimembranosus
半膜肌
Muscles of Leg

Anterior group
Tibialis anterior
胫骨前肌
Extensor digitorum longus
趾长伸肌
Extensor hallucis longus
足母长伸肌
Muscles of Leg

Lateral group

Peroneus longus
腓骨长肌
Peroneus brevis
腓骨短肌
Muscles of Leg

Posterior group
Triceps surae 小腿三头肌
Gastrocnemius 腓肠肌 +
Soleus 比目鱼肌

Tendo calcaneus 跟腱
(tendo Achilles)
Muscles of Leg

Posterior group

Flexor digitorum longus


趾长屈肌
Tibialis posterior
胫骨后肌
Flexor hallucis longus
足母长屈肌
Contents to observe
Iliopsoas, tensor fascia lata, gluteus maximus,
gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, piriformis;
Contents to observe
Sartorius, quadriceps femoris, pectineus, adductor
longus , gracilis, adductor brevis, adductor magnus,
biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus;
Contents to observe
Tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor
hallucis longus, peroneus longus, peroneus brevis,
triceps surae (gastrocnemius and soleus), flexor
digitorum longus, tibialis posterior, flexor hallucis longus
Highlights

gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, gluteus


minimus, piriformis
Sartorius, quadriceps femoris, biceps
femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus
triceps surae (gastrocnemius and soleus)