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Naveen- Rohatgi SYBFM-Debt market

Corporate Public Deposits

It is a fixed deposit scheme offered by a company. It works similar to a bank
deposit where you earn interest income.It may not be as safe as a bank
deposit. This is primarily because banks in India have the backing of the
central government. Company deposits enjoy no such benefit. Furthermore,
company deposits are 'unsecured'. This means, you have no lien on any
asset of the company, in case it goes into financial difficulties and is wound

NBFCs that offer FDs need to mandatory get them rated by rating agencies
such as CRISIL, ICRA, CARE, etc. Check the rating of the FD before you
put your money. For instance, a company FD with a AA rating can be
considered a good investment. Also, check the company's past record in
making timely interest payments before you invest.

Company FDs offer much higher returns than bank FDs, since they entail
higher risks. The higher the risk, the higher is the interest rate offered. While
the higher return may be tempting, the safety is lower. Since you are
investing in FDs because you are risk averse, it may make more sense to
go with companies that have high ratings.

The companies offer interest to the investors over public deposits. The
rate of interest, however, varies with the time period of the public deposits.
The companies generally offer 8 to 9 percent interest rate on the deposits
made for one year. The companies offer 9 to 10 percent interest rate over
public deposits for two years while 10 to 11 percent interest rate is offered
for the three year deposits.

There are rules regulating the fixed deposits. According to the Companies
Amendment Rules 1978, here is the list of rules for public deposits:

•  The maximum maturity period for a public deposit is 3 years nut

for NBFC it is 5 years
• The minimum maturity period for public deposits is 6 months

The various advantages of public deposits enjoyed by the companies are:

• There is no involvement of restrictive agreement

• The process involved in gaining public deposit is simple and easy
• The cost incurred on issue is reasonable

Naveen- Rohatgi SYBFM-Debt market

• Since there is no need to pledge security for public deposits, the

assets of firm that can be mortgaged can be preserved

The disadvantages of public deposits from the company's point of view are:

• The maturity period is short enough

• Limited fund can be obtained from the public deposits

The advantages of public deposits enjoyed by the investors are:

• The interest rate is higher than the other financial investment

• The fund maturity period is short

The disadvantages of public deposits from the investors' pint of view are:

• The interest that is charged on the public deposits does not enjoy tax
• There is no pledging of security against public deposits

Company Fixed Deposit market in India has an interesting phase of

evolution. It basically grew out of the need of Corporate Sector for raising
short term finance and requirements especially for working capital of small
investors to earn superior returns as compared to returns offered by the
Banks. The concept of company fixed deposits was started in India in 1964
by Bajaj Capital Ltd.by launching first ever Company Fixed Deposit of
Oberoi Group - East India Hotels Ltd.(now EIH Ltd.).The success of East
India Hotels prompted others private and public sector companies which
started accepting deposits from public.

Since then company deposit market has grown by leaps and bounds.
Today, company deposit market has grown to approximately Rs.25,000
crores. Hundreds of top companies belonging to reputed industrial houses
like Tata, Birla, Escorts, Godrej etc. and government companies like
HUDCO are accepting deposits from public. The numbers of depositors
have increased to around 5 million.

Section 58-A and Companies Acceptance of Deposits Rules, 1975made

thereunder contain the restrictions and limitations subject to which deposits may
be invited and accepted by companies. The provisions of the section as
amended by the Amendment Act, 1988 and the summary of the important
rules made there under may be noted as follows:
1. Deposits not to be invited
Without Issuing an Advertisement. No company shall invite or accept

Naveen- Rohatgi SYBFM-Debt market

any deposit except after the publication of an advertisement specifying

therein the financial condition, management structure and other specified
particulars of the company.
The advertisement shall be made in a leading English newspaper and in
one vernacular (local language) newspaper circulating in the State in which
the registered office of the company is situated. The advertisement must
contain reference to the conditions subject to which deposits shall be
accepted by the company.
2. Deposits Not Allowed in
case of Default in Repayment. The company cannot invite or allow any
other person to invite or cause to be invited on its behalf any deposit, if the
company has made a default in the repayment of any deposit or part thereof
and any interest thereupon in accordance with the terms and conditions of
such deposit.
3. Premature Repayment of
Deposits. If a company makes repayment of deposit after a period of 12
months but before the date of maturity, the rate of interest payable on such
deposit shall be less by 1% from the rate that is applicable for the period for
which such deposit has run, for example, suppose that a deposit was
received for period of three years and the rate of interest was 14%. If such a
deposit is repaid on the expiry of second year and if the rate of interest for a
2-year maturity deposit was 13%, then the interest payable will be 12% (13%-
4. Furnishing of Receipts to Depositors. Every company shall, on the
acceptance or renewal of a deposit, furnish to the depositor or his agent a
receipt for the amount received by the company within period of eight weeks
from the date of receipt of the money. The said receipt shall be Signed by
an officer of the company duly authorised by the company in this behalf.
5. Deposits payable on demand. A company cannot acceptor renew
deposits payable on demand.
6. Interest on Deposits. Presently, companies are allowed to offer
interest not exceeding 12.5 per cent per annum.
7. Ceiling on Deposits.
A company cannot issue deposit not exceeding 25% of the aggregate of the
paid-up share capital and free reserves of the company in case of issue to
the public and 10% of the paid up share capital and free reserves in case
issue is to the shareholder and others

Naveen- Rohatgi SYBFM-Debt market

8. Period OF fixed deposit: The maximum maturity period for a public

deposit is 3 years nut for NBFC it is 5 years. The minimum maturity period
for public deposits is 6 months.

9. Maintenance of liquid assets.-

(1) Every company shall before the 30th day of April of each year deposit or invest, as
the case may be, a sum which shall not be less than 15 per cent of the amount of its
deposits maturing during the year ending on the 31st day of March next following in
any one or more of the following methods, namely deposits in bank account and
encumbered securities of the government


Registers of deposits.-
(1) Every company accepting deposits shall keep at its registered office one or more
registers in which there shall be entered separately in the case of each depositor
the following particulars, namely:-
a)name and address of the depositor;
b)date and amount of each deposit;
c)duration of the deposit and the date on which each deposit is repayable;
d)rate of interest;
e) date or dates on which payment of interest will be made;
(f) any other particulars with respect to deposit
(2) The register or registers referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be preserved in good order
for a period of not less than eight calendar years from the financial year in which the
latest entry is made in the register.

Fixed deposit issued by the company

Tata motors December 2008

Tata Motors India’s leading auto maker has announced a new Fixed
Deposit scheme in a bid to raise good fund from the public to beat the credit

Naveen- Rohatgi SYBFM-Debt market

market slump. This scheme offers a 10% for a one-year deposit, with senior
citizens getting 0.5% more.

The company has also also approval to rise up to Rs 1,931.5 crore from the
public through Fixed Deposit. The move comes at a time when the
company is shifting production base of its Nano small car project and trying
to raise cash to refinance the $3 billion debt related to the acquisition of
Jaguar-Land Rover. Last month, the company announced a rights issue
which was bailed out by the promoters and underwriters in the absence of
response from the shareholders. The rights issue had raised Rs 4,145.8
crore.Tata Motors’ consolidated cash and bank balances stood at Rs3833
crore at the end of FY 08, while it had generated a cash flow (net -profit plus
depreciation) of Rs1057 crore in the first half of FY 09.

The company’s net debt to equity was 0.495 in FY 08 and this is likely to
rise to 1.08 by the end of FY 10, according to Citigroup. As Tata Motors
have already been rocking with its insurance and other economic policies,
there is no more doubt for the support from new investors.

February 2009
Sejal ARCITUREAL glass forays Limited (SAGL), a leading player in the
architectural glass solutions, as part of its strategic initiative to reach out to
the masses, has introduced a fixed deposit scheme by inviting deposits from
the public, shareholders and employees of the company.

SAGL will offer non-cumulative and cumulative fixed deposit schemes for a
period of 1, 2 and 3 years bearing an interest of 11.5%, 12% and 12% per
annum respectively. In the cumulative scheme the Company proposes to
also launch a six monthly fixed deposit scheme @ 11% per annum. The
minimum investment amount for its fixed deposit scheme will be Rs.
10,000/- and in multiples of Rs. 1,000/- thereafter.

The company as part of its corporate social responsibility will offer 0.50%
additional interest per annum for its employees, company shareholders,
senior citizens, physically challenged individuals, defence personnel, para-
military forces and ex-servicemen-women.

Mr. Amrut Gada, Chairman & Managing Director, Sejal Architectural Glass
Limited said “Sejal is the only Company till now in the Corporate Fixed
Deposit Market to offer additional interest to the category belonging to
Defence Personnel, Para-Military Force, Ex-Servicemen and the physically
challenged. We expect a positive response on our new initiative and the
money mobilised from the FD scheme will be used for meeting the working
capital requirement needs of the Company”

Naveen- Rohatgi SYBFM-Debt market

Morpen Laboratories – Failure of issuing Fixed deposit. June 2008

Its sheer disappointment that morepen lab has not only not paying back the
deposit amount they don’t even care to respond. CLB or SEBI or any other
authority or the government should intervene in the matter and at least let
us know what is the legal position and the position of the company and
staus of our deposit.

It seems no one cares for the investors in this country. Companies keep
coming for the deposits and keep failing but is there any one agency to take
care of investors issues. We need to know whats the current status. will any
one from the company or CLB inform on this matter.

I request those who are suffering like me to join hands and try to create a
forum and take up the matter with CLB. in case there is any association in
India that can take up the matter with appropriate authorities please do let
me know. if any one interested to join hands together in taking upthe matter
then also please let us know