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0.

99
1.01
B1 C1 C2 B2
2.82 1.11
5.00
GRADE OF STEEL AND CONCRETE = 415 15
SAFE BEARING CAPACITY OF SOIL= 120 kN/sqm
COLUMN LOAD C1= 1350 kN
COLUMN LOAD C2= 900 kN
AREA OF FOOTING REQUIRED = 13.75 Sqm
PEDESTAL SIZE (L / B) FOR C1 0.4 0.40 m
PEDESTAL SIZE (L / B) FOR C2 0.3 0.30 m
FOOING WIDTH b1 2.82 m
FOOING WIDTH b2 1.11 m
LENGTH OF THE FOOTING REQUIRED L = 7.00 m
SPACING BETWEEN COLUMNS L3 = 5.00 m
C.G OF SECTION FROM FIRST LOAD x = 4.01 m
DISTANCE OF C.G. OF LOADS FROM COLUMN C1 Y = 2.00
NET UPWARD PRESSURE= 109.05 kN/sqm
PROJECTION BEYOND FIRST COLUMN L1 = 0.99 m
PROJECTION BEYOND SECOND COLUMN L2 = 1.01 m
WIDTH AT THE FACE OF THE COLUMN b11 2.58 m
WIDTH AT THE FACE OF THE COLUMN b22 1.36 m
WIDTH AT THE C.G = 2.089 m
BENDING MOMENT AT FIRST COLUMN= 147.085 kNm 147.085 kNm
EFF.DEPTH OF FOOTING REQUIRED FROM B.M CONSIDERATION= 166.032 mm
Mu 0.442 Pt = 0.1269 Ast = 1439.61 sqmm
Bd
2
MINIMUMN STEEL = 1546.55 sqmm
BAR DIA = 16 NO OF BARS REQUIRED = 7.69
Providing 17 - # 16 bars Ast = 3418.7 sqmm
DISTRIBUTION STEEL AT TOP = 0.12% OF GROSS AREA = 4200 sqmm
Required spacing = 188 mm
Providing # 12 @ 175 c/c
MAX B.M.
COMBINED FOOTING
BENDING MOMENT AT SECOND COLUMN= 65.993 kNm 147.085 kNm
EFF.DEPTH OF FOOTING REQUIRED FROM B.M CONSIDERATION= 153.324 mm
Mu 0.377 Pt = 0.1200 Ast = 716.05 sqmm
Bd
2
MINIMUMN STEEL = 813.69 sqmm
BAR DIA = 16 NO OF BARS REQUIRED = 4.05
Providing 10 - # 16 bars Ast = 2011 sqmm
BENDING MOMENT AT C.G. = -542.139 kNm
S.F AT RIGHT OF COLUMN 2= AT X = 1.01 m 135.495 kN
WIDTH AT X 1.36 m
S.F AT LEFT OF COLUMN2= 464.505122 kN
S.F AT RIGHT OF COLUMN1= AT X = 6.01 m 607.940 kN
WIDTH AT X 2.58 m
S.F AT LEFT OF COLUMN1= 292.060 kN 607.940
EFF.DEPTH OF FOOTING REQUIRED FROM B.M CONSIDERATION= 370.976 mm
PROVIDE OVERALL DEPTH OF FOOTING BEAM= 500 mm
EFFCTIVE DEPTH OF FOOTING PROVIDED= 440 mm
POINT OF ZERO SHEAR FORCE Lo = 3.439 mm
EQUATION OF SHEAR FORCE = 13.320 X
2
- 307.525 X + 900.00 =0
from B1 X = 19.65 m OR 3.439 m
WIDTH AT X 1.980 m
MAXIMUM HOGGING BENDING MOMENT = -564.049 kNm
EFF.DEPTH OF FOOTING REQUIRED FROM B.M CONSIDERATION= 370.976 mm
Mu 2.207 Pt = 0.7809 Ast = 6802.92 sqmm
Bd
2
MINIMUMN STEEL = 1187.97 sqmm
BAR DIA = 12 NO OF BARS REQUIRED = 60.15
Providing 9 - # 12 bars Ast = 2827.53 sqmm
CHECK FOR SHEAR :
At column C1:
607.940 kN
Vu = 911.910 kN
0.80 N/sqmm
Pt = 0.30 % t c = 0.4512 N/sqmm
Vc = t c*b*d = 511.72 KN. Vs = Vu - Vc = 400.19 kN
Vs / d = 9.10
DIA = 10 Spacing Sv= 0.87 fy Asv d / Vs = 124.71 mm
Providing 4 L - 10 @ 100 c/c
At column C2:
SHEAR FORCE V2 = 464.505122 kN
Vu = 696.757683 kN
SHEAR STRESS t v 1.17 N/sqmm
Pt = 0.34 % t c = 0.40 N/sqmm
Vc = t c*b*d = 238.68 KN. Vs = Vu - Vc = 458.08 kN
Vs / d = 11.45
DIA = 10 Spacing Sv= 0.87 fy Asv d / Vs = 108.95 mm
Providing 4 L - 10 @ 100 c/c
SHEAR REIFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED
SHEAR FORCE V1 =
SHEAR STRESS t v
SHEAR REIFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED
CHECK FOR TWO WAY SHEAR :
PUNCHING SHEAR FORCE AT C1 COLUMN P = 823.05 KN.
PERIMETER p = 3.36 m
SHEAR STRESS t v = P/ (p * d) = 0.84 N/sqmm
PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS t c = Ks * t c' = 0.9682 N/sqmm
TRANSVERSE REINFORCEMENT :
UNDER COLUMN C1:
WIDTH OF COLUMN C1 b11 = 2.58 m
WIDTH OF STRIP OF FOOTING UNDER C1 BENDING IN TRANSVERSE DIRECTION =
= 0.44 + 0.40 + 0.44 = 1.28 m
AREA OF BENDING STRIP = 3.30 sqmm
NET UPWARD PRESSURE P1 = 272.79 KN./sqmm
CANTILEVER PROJECTION B11 FROM FACE OF PEDESTAL ALONG ITS CENTRE = 1.0888 m
MAXIMUM B.M. AT FACE OF PEDESTAL = 161.69 KNm
EFFECTIVE DEPTH PROVIDED = 422 mm
Mu 0.486 Pt = 0.1401 Ast = 756.59 sqmm
Bd
2
MINIMUMN STEEL = 648.19 sqmm
BAR DIA = 12 NO OF BARS REQUIRED = 6.69
Providing 8 - # 12 bars Ast = 905.36 sqmm
UNDER COLUMN C2:
WIDTH OF COLUMN C2 b22 = 1.36 m
WIDTH OF STRIP OF FOOTING UNDER C2 BENDING IN TRANSVERSE DIRECTION =
= 0.42 + 0.30 + 0.44 = 1.16 m
AREA OF BENDING STRIP = 1.576 sqmm
NET UPWARD PRESSURE P1 = 380.748 KN./sqmm
CANTILEVER PROJECTION B22 FROM FACE OF PEDESTAL ALONG ITS CENTRE = 0.5281 m
MAXIMUM B.M. AT FACE OF PEDESTAL = 53.09 KNm
EFFECTIVE DEPTH PROVIDED = 422 mm
Mu 0.330 Pt = 0.1200 Ast = 588.44 sqmm
Bd
2
MINIMUMN STEEL = 588.44 sqmm
BAR DIA = 12 NO OF BARS REQUIRED = 5.20
Providing 5 - # 12 bars Ast = 565.85 sqmm
NO SHEAR REIFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED