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CHAPTER 7

Amborellales
Most basal
Absence of vessels
Absence of aromatic oil cells

Nymphaeales
Austrobaileyales

Magnoliids
Laurales
Magnoliales
Piperales
Ceratophyllales

Monocotyledon
Monocots
Have sieve tube plastids w/
proteinaceous indusium
Atactostele- numerous vascular
bundles
Parallel leaf venation
Single cotyledons
No vascular cambium
Bundle sheaths

Acorales
Alistmatales
Intracavaginal squamolous
o Trichomes in axils
Evolyion of raphide crystals
Petrosaviales
Dioscorales
Pandanales
Liliales
Asparagales
Phytomelan- black substance in
seed coat

Conmmelinids
Presence of organic acids (UV
fluorescence)
Arecales
Commelinales
o Seeds rich in starch
Zingiberales
o Seeds rich in starch
o Penni-parallel venation
o Ptyxis- posture of
immature leaves
o Super ovulate
o Diaphragm air chambers
and silica cell
o Inferior ovary
Poales
o Seeds rich in starch

CHAPTER 8
Tricolpate 3 aperture
o Aperture- for expansion
and contraction of pollen
grains
o Evoloved from
monosulcate

Ranunculales
Proteales

Core Eudicots
Gunnerales
Saxifragales
Vitales
Dilleniales
Santalales
Caryophyllales

Rosids
Bitegmic
Crossinucleate ovules

Fabids (Eurosids I)
Zygophyllales
Celastrales
Malphighiolales
Oxolidales
Fabales
Rosales
Cucurbitales
Fagales


Malvids (Eurosids II)
Crossosomatales
Geraniales
Myrtales
Brassicales
Malvales
Sapindales

Asterids
Unitegmic

Cornales
Ericales

Lamiids (Euasterids I)
Garryales
Borginales
Gentianales
Lamiales
Solanales

Campanulids (Euasterids II)
Aquifoliales
Apiales
Dipsacales
Asterales