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The two primary types of flames are diffusion flame and premixed flame.

A. Diffusion flame is a type of flame in which the oxidizer and the fuel gradually
diffuse into one. It is usually red or orange in color, reflecting the emission of soot
particles.
An example of diffusion flame is luminous flame. This is the most common flame,
which can be easily found on burning candles and match sticks. They are red,
orange, or yellow in color. A luminous flame is produced when there is not
enough hydrogen or oxygen for the fuel to burn fully. Although they can get at
some oxygen, they can't get as much as they need to turn all of the carbon that's
being burnt up into CO2. This is why this kind of flame produces soot: since it
can't release all of the carbon as CO2, some of it gets released as the black stuff
in smoke (soot).

B. Premixed flame. Unlike diffusion flame, this is the type of flame where the
oxidizer and the fuel are premixed. This type of flame is shorter but hotter and its
color ranges from yellow to green.

An example of a premixed flame is the non-luminous flame. A non-luminous
flame is very light blue in color and sometimes colorless. These flames have
access to as much oxygen as they could possibly use, so they can burn very
efficiently. All of the carbon that gets used can be turned into CO2, so there's
actually no soot, thats why these flames are usually used at laboratories in
heating substances. They contain more energy and are much hotter than
luminous flames.